*frfc r s * - >ot,
$ ;X >•» # £ & >*. # & ne &
Brom the Illinois Galeniun.
OF THE TRUE‘SOURCES OF .MISSISSIPPI.
St. Peters, May 25. 1832.
Dr. Addison Pbilleo—Sirj 1 arrived at
flits place yesterday, from bn expedition
through the Chippewa country, on the sour
ces of the Mississippi, accompanied by a de
tachment cf troops under command of Lieut.
Allen, of the 51 h infantry.
A commanding influence has been exercised,
in loimer years, over some pans of this exten
■Rive region, by the Northwest Company, and,
since its fail, by the Hudson's Bay Company,
who oppose our treders strenously on the lines,
mid supply their clerks with high wines, to at
tract the Indian population to their posts.
Political and commercial power go together,
rind the fotmer is made subservient to the lat
ter. —Medals and flags are, lam informed,
distributed by them to Indians living within the
Boundaries cf the United States. Old preju
dices are kept alive, and new ones are excited.
The strife for furs merges every thing else;
r.nd, if it is not marked by the sanguinary acts, I
which characterized the last years of the rival- i
ry for tire fur trade carried on among them- I
selves, it is not less ardently, recklessly, and I
successfully pursued, with respect to American
Man}’ of the Chippewas on Lake Superior,
(tnd hi the region ot Lac du Flambeau, still
Visit the British posts in Upper Canada, to pro
's cure tine presents which are annually distribut
ed therfc. We met a large party in canoes,
who were destined for the British posts at
Penetangirisliine; and these men would pass
Fori Brady on their outward and inward
* To counteract the political influence thus !
exerted, has been among the objects of the ex
pedition, and to keep them in peace with the
Government, and with each other. The lat
ter has been a task of difficulty, as the state of.
hostile feeling among -the Chippewas and
Stdux, has acquired the inveteracy of*m heri- ■
ditary feud. War parties are continually tres
passing upon the territorial boundaries of each j
■ other; and fresh scalps have been d meed, as- !
ter the Indian manner, at Red Lake, at Cass
L ike, and, at the Leech Lake, during die time
of my passing through the country. War has
b.en the engrossing theme, a.id it has not
been an easy task to dec] ire pacific maxims
mid enforce them with arguments which a
savage people could appreciate, while the
wttr-drum and the scalp-yell were seat forth
from other parts of the premises.
' We found tho waters of tho Mississippi in a
good state for ascending, and I availed myself
rtf this circumstance to carry into effect the de
sire -of visiting its actual sources; a point which
has continued to bo problematical incur Geo
graphy. Pike placed it at Leech Lako in
1806. G-jv. Cass carried it much further
north, and left it at Red Cedar Lake in 1820.
But it was then ascertained that itssourc.es
were considerably north and west of that
Lake. I encamped the expedition fwith the
troops and heavy baggage) at this last named
1< ke, and proceeded up the river in five small
birch canoes, capable of containing one man
’’.and his bed, in addition to the Indian and
Can diiin who conducted it.
The Mississippi, above this point, expands
into several lakes, the largest of which is called
C averse. A f«W miles ibnvo this, it is formed i.
'by the junction of a southwest aod northwest ■
■ branch. We ascended the former through a (
number of lakes, to its source, in a sm ill creek, (|
being an inlot into a like. From thence we |
fllade a portage of six miles, with our canoes, ,
into La Bischc or Ibasca lake—(the latter •
being a derivative from aeritas caput) which
S the true source of this celebrated stream, ,
being, at tho same time, its most northern ’
This lake is about seven miles long, having ji
Somewhat the shape of the letter Y. it has
claar water, and pleasant woody shores. It
has a single island, upon which 1 landed,
caused sumo trees to be felled, and hoisted
the national fl ig. We left this flag flying, and
nioceeded down to lite northwest or main
fork. A descent of about 180 miles brought I
us b ick to our party at Red Cedar, or Cass
, . Very respectfully, dear sir, your friend and
11. R. SCHOOLCRAFT,
' U. S. Indian Agent.
A late writer speaking of this interesting
“Cons tiering this spot with the association
of it* beui" where one of the greatest and best
meii thu’ ever appeard on this earth, first drew
brerh a.id saw the light of Henven; its being
independent of such association, a beautiful
one, and with its proximity to the Potomac
fiver where steamboats in the season of them
are daily passing from Washington to Balti
more, Not folk. it is surprising that it
should be so little known and visited. Not one
in a thousand of the passengers in steamboats
has anv knowledge that this "solum natale”
of him whom the whole world honors, is re
rn hB btv a mile over the water’s surface, and
hid from his view only by a fringe of wild
shruhberv. The verdue is ns beautiful, and
the fl.tweis as biilliant and numerous, around
Washington's Birth place as his tomb.—-
Tiiotijh hue is now no stated landing place for
stea; d oats on this side the Potomac within 12
in i s, yet one might anchor in the stream,
And ba g '-’ of lad es and gentlemen from it,
re ieii Wakefield's shore in a few minutes.”
. Will not Wakefield, like Mount Vernon, in
after limes, l« the resort of Patriotic Pilgrims?
—• -Alexandria Gazette.
A voung gentleman in Kilkenny. Ireland, meeting
a handsome milkmaid near the parade.said, •* U hM
Will vou take tor yourself and your milk, my char?
•The’ girl instantly replied, ‘“irounelf, ami a <old
► BREVITIES. ,
Fortune is painted blind, that she may not
blush to behold the fools who belong to her.
Some n»e ! ri get on in tho world on the same
principle that a styeep passes uninterupted
through a crowd.
People who effect a shortness of sight must
think it the height of good fortune to be born
Loungers, unimploycd people, may bo call
ed to tho tribe of Joshua, for with them the
sun stands still.
Fanatics think men like bulls—they must 1
be baited to madness ere they are in a fit con
dition to die.
There is an ancient saying—‘truth lies in a
well.* May not the modern adage run——‘Thu
most certain charity is at a pump.’
Some connniseurs would give a hundred
pounds sos the painted bead of a beggar, who
would threaten tho living mendicant with the
If you boast of a contempt for the world
avoid getting into debt. It is giving to gnats
the fangs of vipers.
The heart of the great man, surrounded by
poverty and trammelled dependence, is like an
egg in a nest built among briars. It must ei
, thor curdle into bitterness, or if it takes life
‘ mount, struggle;--.brough thorns for the ascent.
Fame is represented bearing a trumpet.
■Would not the picture be truer, were she to
. bold a handful of dust ?
Fishermen, in order to handle eels securely
first cover them with dirt. In like manner does
detraction strive to grasp excellence.
The easy and temperate man is not he who is .
most valued by the world; the virtue of his ab
stemiousness makes !>im an object effindiffer
ence. One of the gravest charges against the
ass is—-he can live on thistles.
The wounds of the dead are the furrows in
which living heroes grow their laurels.
Were we determined resolutely to avoid ;
' world would foist them on us as
thieves put off their plunder on the guilt- '
When wo look at the bide of a tiger in a |
j currier’s shop, exposed to the gaze of every!
I malapert and then think of the ferocity of the I
• living beast in its native jengle, we see a bea
dle before a magistrate—a magistrate before a j
i minister—theie is the skin ofoffice—'.he sleek- (
■ ness without its claws.
, With some people political vacillation bright
ens a man’s celebrity just as the gallarios ap-:
plaud when an actor appears in a now dress.
“STAND BACK A LITTLE.”
Said an old gentleman to a very lively little
boy who .was passing very close to th/ edge of I
a mill-race some people were digging--stand
back a little, the ground will cavo‘ in with j
you. He had hardly got the wofd through .
his teeth, befoie the event anticipated occur-!
red—the boy fell and broke, his arm. The
example seemed to be applicable to a groat
many cases of common occurrences in life.
A disposition to push forward too fist and
too far has been the ruin of many a fine fellow;
while an unfortunate diffidence has consigned a
great many also to unmerited oblivion. There
is a medium between these two extremes a de
viation from which on either side, must alwrys
be followed by bad consequences.
Stand back a little* 1 would say to a man
who is eagerly bent on acquiring popularity a
mong men by spreading abroad his own fame,;
and saying those things for himself that others t
should be left to say for him. Stand back, hnd j
if you ere indeed as deserving as you think 1
yourself, others will only esteem you more |
highly for being left to make the discovery !
themselves, by mixing with an honest emu- 1
lation a due proportion of modesty, you will at
last reach as high a place as your merit entitles
you to, and you will not run the danger of be
ing born down by a torrent of disgust.
Stand back a little, 1 would whisper to
such young men as arc trying to elbow them- [
selves into offices, for which their ciders in !
years and services arc candidates. Stand ;
back—your time will come by and by—a de
ference to age is the most becoming features in
the character of the young, stand back, it is
better to wait until you are solicited to accept, .
than begin, when you are obliged to solicit for, '
posts either of honor or profit. Besides very ,
few perfectly honest office holders who depend
i upon their offices for a livelihood are found to |
be itmong the ‘fat kind.* t
Stand back a little, I would say to such as I .
often see engaged in wild projects and extensive '
speculation, before they have great experience
aud SHind judgment, matured by time and
opportunity. This matter of getting rich in a
day is not the easy thing some sanguine people (
imagine—and it is far better to with
the world in the old beaten tract gathering ,
sixpetnses, than hazard a flight on wings which
you fittle know how to manage rightly—and
which when best managed, as often retard as
speed the journey of prosperous life.
Stand back a little, I would say also to such
tradesmen and mechanics as are trying to pus!)
their neighbors off their course, by underbiding
and low shuffle ; the people will find you out
by and by, if you push forward in this way,
and ten to one but in the end you will come j
off with your breeches in tho gutter; stand
back—-rest upon your merit—if that won't
support you nothing else will.
In fine—it would be well for us all to Stand
hack a little— there would be less crowding
and josteling of one another—and we should
go on more safely, easily and happily.
Home.—There is more of spell work about
the home of our fathers, than he who has nev
been a wanderer imagines. Ask the poor ex •
ile or. a foreign shore, what visions flit across
his bosom, and enchain his fancy, and call the
deep drawn sigh, as he gazes, silently and
lonelv, on the sweet midnight moon, and he
will tell y»>u, in the fulness of his hear:, they
are the visions of his early home. Though
his path be across the ocean—though he wan
der among the icebergs of Lapland, or sit
(down in the far off islands of the sea, lie feels
that ho can ttevsr out travel the memory of hrs
! native villuge, or forget the delights of his pa
ternal cottage. Though ambition lefld him
into the world of business, he will often pause,
even when success has gratified bis wishes,
and linger whole hours over the momory*C!
days gone by, as they steal, in the language of
the Bard of Morven, like music to the sot!!.
'He will delight in every bush and tree,
I flowering landscape, and singing bird
sembled those he saw and loved in
if in the farthest corner of the
i the gende breathings of a
Im h is
| a world of sweet yet half
Jit kindle in his bosom. Yes, home is still dear
to our hearts, and like the comet exiled from
tho sun, we would still go but to return—and
(seldom grow so old and never wander so far i
<js to be beyond the reach of its attractions.
FACTS WORTHY OF NOTICE
It is a fact, (hat nine-tenths of ihe inmates
of our poor-houses were brought there directly
or indirectly by the use of ardent spirits.
It is a fact, that three-fourths ofall the con
victs in our state prisons, were hard drinkers
previous to the commission of the crimes for
which they are now imprisoned.
It is a fact, that the greatest sufferers from
disease, and those whose malidies are the most
difficult to cure, are those who are addicted to
the use of ardent spirits.
It is a fact, that of all who commit suicide
in this country, ninety-nine one-hundred >hs are
the immediate or the remote victims of ardent
i " ZU is a fact, that in all families where the
are dirty, half naked and ill fed i the
l ooms filthy and in disorder, the husband cross, '
discontented, and peevish, and the wives slat- j
terns, ill tempered and quarrelsome, one, if not
bolli the parents are drinkers of ardent spirits. !
| It is a fad, that those who least frequently 1
( attend the worship of God in the sanctuary,
' most of those who by their oaths, blasphemies, *
and horrible execrations, shock the ears of
I modest people are spirit drinkers. ’
( It is a fad, that those who ate most easily ,
i led to rediculo and profane sacred things and to
! join in every kind of dissipation and profligacy,
: are spirit di inkers. 1
. It is a fact, \\v<ja of all that have died of the !
! cholera in Europe and America, seven-tenths at
I least were spirit drinkers, and one half decided- !
; ly intemperate.
j It is a fact, that the cholera cost the city-of;
New-York, last summer 100,000 dollars e.xrlu- (
sive of private benefactions, which amounted to (
at least 50,000 dollars more—more than one j
half of this expenditure was occasioned by spir-
' it drinkers.
It is a fact, if these facts do no! convince anv !
'one of the unlawfulness and the iinpropriety
'of the traffic in ardent sprits he would It ruly
i be persuaded though one rose from the dead.
! i n_- n. - m l
From the Georgia. Gazette.
CAN A STATE SECEDE.
We have often remarked that if a state had
ever been perfectly free, sovereign, and inde
pendent, wo could not doubt her right, abstract
edly to throw herself back upon those attributes
whenever she pleases. But wo, at the same
: time took particular pains to express our doubts-, (
i of the existence of such a fact in reference to .
(he states of this confederacy. We wont so
! far in our former columns on several occasions
las to assign the reasons for th : s conclusion.
■ We are now, more than ever, impressed with
I its accuracy. State rights, as a shield to state
i interests become in our view so intimately blen
di<l with the rights and interests of the co-states,
as to preclude from our conceptions altogether,
the idea of separate, state sovereignty. Upon
this view of the matter, wo class ourselves
I among the strongest advocates of state rights,
I if our present form of general government is to
,be adhered to. From our first contemplation
of the structure of our confederacy, together
with the multiplied relationships of its vat ions
parts, down to the present moment, we have
; been struck with an indisciibablo absurdity in ;
i the position that a single state should have, tin- '
' der the general legislation of Congress an inter- [
I est or, right independent of, and unconnected
! with, the rights and interests of tiie rest of the
; Suites.. But more of this anon.
To commence with the most genera’ consid
! erations involved in the question, we would
i ask, aod we would ask with a pause, what are
tho req tislte component parts of sovereignty in
the abstract ? We confess that on the clear and
deliberate answer to this latter question will de
-1 pend our success in establishing the conclusion,
that in our system, a state cannot secede alone.
1 Gen. Jackson was once arraigned before the
American Congress, for a violation of orders,
in passing with an armed force in’o a neutral
territory. The facts wee not denied by him, (
' but he was acquitted by Congress, by Spain her- '
self, and by every other power directly o in- ;
directly interested, upon the ground that the (
Spanish authority in Florida was nomim.l only, j
, and not effective. In the case of a Block ide, 1
1 it is admitted as a principle in national la.v, that .
’ tire power decreeing i» shell have pl.isical foiee
to maintain it, otherwise it is not entitled to re
spect. Both of which cases establish the posi
tion, that natural sovereignly to be perfeci must
| contain physical power competent toeufoice its
decrees, independent of any abstract right wliat
; dver in the matter.
So on the assumption, admitting it to be w- ll
founded, that each of our states were ever per
fectly sovereign, her right at this day to assume
that attitude again, must necessarily depend on
her physical power to maintain it. The chan- j
ces for being required to exhibit the strength of:
her physical power m ill depend on extent to '
which her new attitude nt ty effect the relit and !
interest of other sovereignties. A small Island
or track of country so situated as to preclude ■
much or frequent collision with other nations j
might readily be permitted to assume to do that •
which a free people may an 1 of right ought to
do, but otherwise situited, might, or would not,
be pertnit’ed, unless her physical meaus rcro'
' competent to bear her out. Tiicic'fe no
such a thing, philosophically as the integrity
or wholeness cd an empire. But this integri-ty
must be presumed to have originated by con
vention. Otherwise the American Colonies
would not have separated from the mothet
country, lest by so doing the integrity would be
The Colonies therefore had a ijiero
■F’oreiic or abstract right :o secede, dependent
rstill however upon their father power to main
tain their secession by arms. Such was also the
case with the French, Portugese or Spanish
Colonies in South America. If tho party sep
arating, by so doing place in jeopardy the rights
and interests of the mother country, the ex
tent of this jeopardy will determine her coer
cion or not. This state of things, ipse facto
' resolves lite whole affair, as to the seceding par
ty into revolutionary foice. This again de
stroys <»r renders null their abstract or theoretic
right to secede-—or io other words, makes the
right depend upon her success by military or
other physical means. Therefore, when tho
North American Colonics (determined to be
free, ii upon trial, the force at arms had proved
too weak, who would, even at the present day,
be so iash as to contend that they had the right
to destroy,by an act of secession, the integrity of
the British Empire. But many of our states
stand in a diffeieut relationship, placing their
rights >o secede, still father out of view. The
Union, in the capacity of their common or joint
integrity absolutely paid out of their common
Treasury a sum of money, for the territory of
Louisiana—and subsequently Congress has by
the authority of all the states at the time paid (
other sums for other Territories. And it will;
not do to argue that the right of tbe other states,;
.to the' use and benefit of ihe purchased states, ,
; have been constitutionally given up, by the acts j
j ol admission of those territories into (lie con- ■
■ feder icy. lor the very consideration of the (
: oiigiuul purchases by Congress, was, the secu
rity and siiengih and other benefits, they might :
Ibe to the confederacy as a gieal nation. We
bought Loiiisiauia for the express purpose of
j m iking a part oi the Union. We have since
made it a part. Now io suppose that the rest
would quietly, or of right, allow her to secede
is S’ lt-cviilen'.ly absurd and incredible. And
i ii the rest would not, then the right of Lou
' ibiania to separate would rest entirely on the
i result oi the contest—that is to say if she suc
l ceeited she would be right, il not, wrong. But
i who can believe that she would fight the 23 with *
■ success? No body.
; As to the chances for coercion on the part
i of the ether states, open the map of the United
I Slates, ami wo are enabled at once to count
• and measure them. New York extends from
I the Adamic Ocean across to Canada, dividing
; one portion entirely from another. Could it
be possible for the other 23, to submit to the
inconveniences ami losses, and possible dangers
which might result ? It could not. The Port
ot New Oileans with the navigation of the
Mississippi, are worth millions annually to the
western country, and yet that file river runs for
a considerable distance, exclusively, through
the state of Louisiana. Now let us imagine that
from jealousy and hatred, and of course fol
lowed by resentment, that at one and the same
moment, New York, Louisiana, and S. Caroli
’na should secede. Aral then imagine that
' these three states had projected a scheme
! through their ambassadors to extort, by all
, manner of legislation and foreign alliances, as
I much tribute into their respective Treasuries
. as they could. And then fai liter imagine as a re
sult ot their foreign alliances, tint they had ad
j milted into their respective limits 100.000 fur
l eign troops.
| V» e unhesitatingly aver, that, were it not
I for the mass of talent concentrated in a few
j individuals, influencing so many unreflec ing
citizensol our community, would be a wanton
ptostitittion of any man’s time and intelligen<'o
Ito discuss such a proposition. The truth"is S.
, Carolina never yet dreamed of seceding alone.
if not, and is determined to force secession, let
j her at once come out and avow her purpose,
and m irk (he limits of what she desires, a great
J southern republic.
From the Washi/igton Globe.
| IVir\T Next?—This question must have
, been asked by the nullifiers of South Carolina,
j It maybe asked by every citizui of the U. S.
—What is the next step ?
We sincerely hope that Congress wiil reduce
the Tatuffto the staudatd ol a safe and prudent,
moderate, but adequate revenue. Nit because
that measure is dem ittded by menaces, but. be
cause it isjust in itself, and is due to the feelings
of an important section of the country. Due
tlso to the good citizens of South Carolina—
who may have been misled by the oft repeated
declaration, that nullification is a peaceful rem
edy ; but who, we are sure, will be astonished
at the evidence cf peace, which has been ex
| hi bited by the Convention.
i But as to a submission, on the part of the Un
! ion, tCMhc doctrine now advanced, and at-
■ tempted to be supported, tint one State may
stop the.opeiation ol’any or all laws that mty (
, be passed by Congress, the thing is out of the I
I questiq'n. 'File Government could not be pte- [
j si t yed six months in the face of such a pritict- 1
rde, nor indeed would it he worth preserv itmn. '
Instead of being powerful and efficient for all
the great purposes and external d< f< nee and in
to; nd tranquility, it would be utterly powerless
and inefficient, worse than at anv petiod o! the
confedetalien ; when somethin" like this rigli l ,
though not a tithe of in tact, was expressly re
served to ihe Slates, and when the whole conn- '
try, with almost one voice, torn up and declared ■
lot, and established the Constitution, under
which we have for h df a century flem ished be
yond hope, beyond example. Let every one, 1
i who wishes to secure the practical operation of
I lies principle, turn back to the dark period oft
tout history, which intervened between the close
ol the ievolutionary war and the adoption of
( die present constitution. To that period, when
the hopes of the patriot sunk ; when one State ,
. could prevent the passage of the most nucessa-
■ ry laws, and when the fruits of Zeven years of
war and suffu ing seemed about lo perish, f
But, as wg fir e s ttd, what acxt T
of the U‘Stiifeiairfe “
even t of resistance, in the manner those laß, s
vale, then South Carolina becomes 'Ddep en rfe..'
Her own laws, opposing those of thetlnion,
be supported with the utmost rigor, tod with aU
the energy of military power, but thenjpiuenj a
similar measure is attempted on the (ta\of(]] S
General Government to support its own
ty, thttn the Rubicon is passed, and the unalterrML
decree pronounced. Thai is, in other wotift.
the Convention say to the United States, we wiil}
resist you. We will absolve our citizens from all’
allegiance to you. We’ will swear every man ,
in office in this State to dtey our decree, aod re|L
nounce all attachment to ypu, and we will
the sanctuary of justice against your entrance, by
disfranchising front tho privilege of sitting on ju
ries. every man who disputes our doctrine, out
authority. They shall be tried, but shall
They shall become helots. If you agree to al
this, and peaceably suffer uS ttr do as we please j
why then we will remain in the Union. If not, wrf
hold you as we hold the rest of mankind, enemiei
in ™?-, r - We omit the rest of this emphat
ic sentence, for wo religiously believe, if these;
designs aro consummated, there would neither be
peace nor friends upon the border.
No man can expect that the Genetai Govern*
ment will commit the suicidal act of assenting to
these propositions, and of folding they arms list-f
lessly, and suffering this farce, add if this fails*
we may add, this last experiment of free govern* T
ment to perish.
And if they will not, what next ? - -
As to the establishment and maintainance of aO
independent government by the State of South
Carolina, even were her citizens unanimous, no
man in his senses could think of it We say it
| without any disparagement to hei she has many
i high and noble qualities. Many enlightened, able
| and patriotic citizens. Many even who have
; been misled by this heresy, joined really
■just complaints against the tariff laws. ; And hes
i revolutionary heroism is dear to every American;
i and so is the whole history of her conduct, until
i this nightmare shed-its influence over the land.
| Still she has, and can have, nene of the means
lof absolute independence. I‘tobably none of the .
; States have, alone and single handed. Her posi
tion upon the political map of the world would ba ‘
false and wholly insecure. We need not push
this train of thought. Whence would come her
, army, her navy, her means of diplomatic inter
course, her civil list, and all the necessary expen
ses, attending the assumption of a station among*
the nations of the world? Might and right are
too often convertible terms, in the great lexicon of
public intercourse. Her right could often bs
, found. Her might never.
I All this must have been fully considered b/
those who now lead tho dominant party in South
, Carolina. The matter is. so plain, that he whit
1 runs may read. They must have looked to the
state of things, anti to ■ - „the next stej.
What is that ? IVhat must it be ? An appeal jO
n foreign power. While we write the words, fe
shudder at the thought. Revolting, however,
it is, it is not the less certain. A foreign Powt#
must be the arbiter of South Carolina, if South
Carolina is separated from this union. Call it IS
we will, an alliance, a league, or any other nanj,
; the thing remains. It will be colonial bondage.••
, , Where the power is on one side, and the necessly
, for protection on the other, who can doubt the t 4
suit? Shade of Rutledge, of Marion, of Pinct-’l
ney, of Laurens, is this the end of your toils, yotr
1 devotedness, your suffeiings ?
And can one man be found in South Carolirp.
so lost to patriotism and love of freedom, as|o
’ hope lor this stale of things, or so insensate as o
expect that the rest of the union would prevent i?
I his is no occasion for the investigation of al
stract lights. It is a plain question appealing t
the whole Union, and tnvo'ving its ultimate safety
Shall a foreign Government, a monarchic) got
ernment, be permitted to plant its foot upon ou
soil? Shall the vantage ground from which th,
citadel of liberty ntay be attacked, be surrendered
without a struggle? It is not alone what pre
vailing temporary parly in South Carolim. ma l ;
wish to do. It is, can the step they propose be ta
t ken, without endangeiing the rest of the Union!
f It tt cannor, and to us it is asclearas the noonday,
t that it cannot, the great, the eternal principles o',
pub.ic safety and self .Jefence, call upon Ihe
American people to say, in the words of their pa
- I tnotic Chief Magistrate, the Union must be pre
• served, and it w ill be preserved. Peaceably il we I
. can, but it must be preserved.
, THE DEMAGOGUE.
Meanly ambitious of public trust, without
the virtues to deserve it, intent on personal dis
miction, and having forguten theendsfor which
alone it is w’orth possessing, the miserable be
ing concentrated all in sell, learns to pander to.
eveiy vulgar prejudice, to advocate every pojw
ular error, to chime with evory dominant party
(o lawn, flatter and deceive, and becomes w
demagogue. Hotv wretched is that poor beiiqf
who hangs on the peoplas favor—All manliness
oi princtplu lias been lost in his long ,course of
meanness; he dare not use his tempoi*ary pop/
ularity for any purpose of public goodwill wbith
there may be a luzz ird of forfeiting it ; and’
the very eminence to which he is ex.d-ted, ren
ders but more conspicuous his servility-und dug
red ition. However cle.tr tho convictions of
hi-judgement, however strong (lie udinonitiotu
oi his, as yet, not thoroughly s.iflvd consciences
not these, not the law of God, nor ihe rule ol
right, nor the public good but the caprice of kii
constituents, must be his only guide. Hav'mi
risen by artifice, and conscious of no ’w'ot th tij
■ support him, he i s U1 | lO mly dread of being sup-
I p! uited in the favor of the deluded tuultitcide bj
i some more cunning deceiver. And such, soon*
1 <*r Oi | Her, is sure to be his fate. At some un*
I lucky moment, when lie bears bis hhisuiug
honors thick upon him, ( n>d well may such
honors blush) he is jerked from his elevation
by some more dexterous demagogue, and falls
unpi’ii d, never to rise again. And cun thia
be the 10l of him who has been hero trained to
admire and love highmiuded excellence ; who
ii is been taught by high classical authority to
regard with the jj.ime fear less and unmovablQ
iudifl'eronce, the stern countenance of the ty
rant, and the wicked ardor of the niidiituHe,
aud who has leat tied from a yet higher .and holi
er auihority, to hold fast on “whatsovvxjr things
fare honest, whatsoever things are jus;., wlialso
i ever thiu"s are pure, ta. abhor that which is
i evil, and clvave to that whiclt*is good.” Be
love mo, however, this is no fancy
The orh’iual inty be found in the world every
day. Nur will it Surprise thowho have bad
Occasion to see how the Vain heart is swotiey,
and the giddy head turned, bow honesty of p;ir-'
V n tc and m ;nl;nts3 of spirit, arc prevented by->