TH F.INT ELLI GE N C E R
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EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, GEORGIA.
Milledgeville, 17th May, 1833.
"^V^HERE AS, by an act ol the General Assem
bly of tliis State, passed the 241 h day De
cember, 1832, entitled “an Act to provide for the
call of a Convention to reduce the number of the
General Assembly of the State of Georgia, and for
other purposes therein named,” it is provided
•‘That it shall be the duty of Ilis Excellency the
Governor to give publicity to the alterations and
amendments made in the Constitution in reference,
jo the reduction of the number of members coat-1
dosing the General Assembly--and the first Mon-;
day i.i October next, after the rising of said Con- |
venlion, he shall fix on for the ratification, by the ;
people, of such amendments, alterations or new arti
cles as they may make for the objects of reduction &
equalization of the General Assembly only: and if 1
ratified by a majority of the voters who vote on the j
question of “Ratification” or “No Ratification” I
—then, in that event, the alteration so by them
made and ratified, shall be binding upon the peo
ple of this Stale, and not otherwise.” And, where- 1
as, the Delegates of the people of this State, as- I
Sembled in Convention under the provisions of the
before recited act, have agreed to, and declared
the following to be alterations and amendments of
the Coiistiution of this State, touching the repre ,
sentation of the people in the General Asssembly '
therfeo, to wit:
“Whereas, the third section of the first article of
the Constitution of the State of Georgia is in the I
following words, to wit: “The Senate shall be elect- j
ed annually on the first Monday in November, ut;
til such day of election be altered by law, and
ehail be composed ofone member Hom each courr- ;
ty, to he chosen by the electors thereof ” \nd
whereas a part of the seventh section of the first
article ol the Constitution of the State of Georgia
is in the following words, to wit: “The House of.
'Representatives shall be composed of members '
from all the counties which now are or hereafter j
may be included within the Stale, according to '
their respective numbers of free white persons and
including three-fifths ofall the people of colour:”
Ami it* the same section, the following, to wit:
‘‘each county containing three thousand persons |
agreeably to the foregoing plan of enumeration, I
shall be entitle I to two members, seven thousand |
to three member, and twelve thousand to tour;
members, but each county shall have at least one
iind not more than lour members.”
Ami whereas the aforesaid third section, and
the said parts of the seventh sectton of the said
first article of the ComAltution, touching the re
presentation of the General of the Slate,
has been found, by experience. to be defective, on
account of the great numbers in me Legislature J
and the enormous expense on account thereof—we
the" Delegates of the people of the State of Geor ’
gta, in General Convention assembled, chosen and
authorised by them lo revise, alter and amend the I
said two sections and other parts, it any, touching ;
the representation of the people of Georgia in the !
General Assembly, have, after mature reflection
and deliberation, decland (he following io be
amendments in lieu of the aforesaid iliird section,
and parts of the seventh section, winch,
when ratified by the people of itie State, shall be
taken, held and consul* red as parts of the Consti
tution of the Slate ol Georgia in hen of the afore
“The Senate shall bo elected annually on the
first Monday in October, until such dav ofeb e
?!f»n shall be altered by law, and shall be composed
of one member from each senatorial district to be ;
chosen by the electors thereof, which said senato- ,
vial districts lie formed by adding two conti
guous counties together throughout the Slate,
without regard to population, as is hereinafter spe
cified ami defined, the county of Murray excepted,
which shall constitute, together with such county
or counties as may be hereafter formed out of the
territory now composing said county of’ Murray,
sue Senatorial district, the whole number ofdis
tncls shall be forty five ami no more, ami in the
event of the formation of any new couaty or coun
ties, the legislature, at the time of such formation,
shall attach the same to some contiguous senate
Each senator shall be a resident of the district
for which ho m,ay be elected, as is required by the
v present Constitution, ot residence in the county.
The following shall be the senatorial distrii ts:
The county of Murray shall constitute the first
district.* The second district shall be composed
of the counties of Gilmer ami Union: The thud,
of the counties of Rabun and Habersham: The'
fourth, of the counties of Lumpkin and Chero
kee.* The fifth, of the counties of Cass and Floyd:’
The sixth, of the counties of Ja-kson and H ill:
The seventh, of the counties of Franklin ami
blidisoji* The eighth, of the counties of Gwinnett
and Forsyth; The ninth, ot the counties of
Paulding and Cobb: The tenth, of the counties
of Fayette and DeKalb: The eleventh, of ihe
Counties of Campbell and Carroll.* The twelfth,
of the counties of Coweta and Merriwether;'
The thirteenth, of the couufii s of Tioup ami
Heard; The fourteenth, of the counties of llenrv
and Newton: The fifteenth, of the counties of
Walton and Clark; The sixteenth, of the conn
, ties of Oglethorpe and Elbert: The seventeenth. I
ol the counties of Greene ami Tallialerro; The
- eighteenth, of the counties of \\ dkes ami Lincoln:
The nineteenth, of the counties ol Putman and '
Morgan: The twentieth, of the co.mites of Bums
and J asper: The twenty-first, of the counties ol
Pike in i Upson: Thetwenty second, of theemm-
K ties of Harns and Talbot; The tweiilv third, ot
lhe counties of Crawford ami Monroe: The
Veuty-fourth, of the counties of lhbb aud Hous-
Vol. I—No. 22.
ton; The twenty-fifth, of the counties of Jones I
and Baldwin: The twenty-sixth, of the counties
|of Twiggj and Wilkinson: The twenty-seventh, 1
>of the counties of Warren and Hancock. The |
I twenty-eighth, of the counties of Columbia and
! Richmond: The twenty-ninth, of the counties
;of Burke and Scriven: The thirtieth, of the conn*-
I ties of Washington and Jefferson: The thirty
; first, of lhe counties of Bullock and Emanuel:
i The thirty-second, of the counties of Laurens and
j Montgomery. The thirty-third, of the counties of
! Dooly & Pulaski: The thirty-fourth, ol the coun-
Ities of Marion and Muscogee: The thirty-fifth, of
the counties of Randolph and Early. The thirty
sixth, of the counties of Sumpter and Stewart:
The thirty-seventh, of lhe counties ol Baker and
Lee: The thirty-eighth, of the counties of Irwin
j and Telfair. The thirty-ninth, of the counties of
Appling and Tattnall. The fortieth, of the coun
ties of Chatham and Effingham. The forty-first,
ol the counties of Bryiin and Liberty. The forty
second, of the counties of M’lntosh and Glynn.
The forty-third, of the counties of Wayne and
Camden. The forty-fourth, of the counties of
Ware and Lowndes, 'i he forty-fifth, of the conn
ties of Decatur and Thomas. 'l’he House of Re
/ presenratives shall be composed of members from
! all the counties which now are. or may be, includ
■ ed within the State, according to their respective
| numbers of free white persons.
; 'l’he whole number of members in the House of
Representatives shall be one hundred and forty
four and no more, except in the case of a newly
created county or counties; such new county or
I counties shall have one member for each county,
j until the taking of the next census thereafter, and
‘ the whole nun,her shall be apportioned in the
following manner, viz; the fifteen counties having
1 the highest number of free white persons shall be
I entitled to three members each, the twenty-five
; counties having the next highest number of free
white persons shall have two members each, and
the remaining forty-nine counties shall have one
I member each.
M henever, from the creation of a new county or
| counties, the whole number ot members in the
House of Representatives shall exceed the num
ber of one hundred and forty four, it shall be the
i duty of the Legislature, at its first session after
| the taking of the first census after lhe creation of
j such new counts or counties, in apportioning the
members, to take one member fiom one of the '
counties having three members, to supply such J
newly ere ted county, always beginning with the ;
county that has the smallest number of free white >
, persons that may be entitled io three members.
'l’he census shall be taken, as heretofore, once !
in seven years, ami the Legislature shall, at its first .
i session after the taking ofea< h census, apportion !
the members among the several counties of this!
State, as is heretofore provided; provided each I
, county shall have one member.
J \MES M WAYNE, 1
President of the. Convention. ,
May 15, 1833. '■
Wilkins Hunt, i o .
H a S^ccvr.tancs.
Amu.ton B. Gaither, I
I, therefore, in conformity with the provisions of]
' the before recited act, do hereby give publicity to
; the same, and enjoin the voters for members of the
; General Assembly of this State, on the day there
j in specified, to wit, on the FIRST MONDAY in !
I OCTOBER NEXT, to give their vote of*‘RA
i TIFICATION” or “No RATIFICATION.”
j as prov.ded in said act, and that lhe presiding ofti
i ceis certify the same to this Department accord
Given under my hand, and the seal of the Ex
ecutive Department, at Milledgeville, this the
day and year first above written.
By the Governor. WILSON LUMPKIN.
Rhodom A. Greene, Secretary. 16
University of Georgia. I
Extract from the. minutes of the Board of Trustees, at .
their meeting in August, 1832
J N motion ot Howki.l Conn. Esq. Resolved,
P That all Gradii ites ot this College on making
i application for the second, or master's degree, shall
; furnish the Board with the certificate of some res-
I pectabh* or distinguished individual, of their good
moral character and respectability in the community
in w Inch they reside
R< solved further, That all graduates of other Col
leges, applying for the second, degree, shall furnish
tin Board with their diplomas, and a certificate of
some distinguished or respectable individual, ot their
good moral character and respectability in the com-
■ inuni'v in which they reside
Re»oliid further, That the foregoing resolution';
; be publi.-iied.
ASBURY HULL, Scc’ry.
jane 1~ —lB j
Sheriff’s *S s ales
WILLIAM HARBIN I
formerly of M'Donough. Henry county, has located!
himself in the Cherokee Territory
M AR NEW ECHOTA.
Where ho proposes to attend the Sheriff's sales
in the aijoining counties, and superintend the
' examining and having endorsed by Justices of the i
Peace, all small Executions, that may he directed to ■
him, from other counties, for collection ; also, all
i large Executions that may tie submitted to his tnanage
■; inent ; he promises all his assiduity and care in this
’business He will, strictly. pursue such directions as'
may be given him. Discharges will, in all casts, be
j The Georgia Journal federal Union. Savannah ’
, Georgian. Augusta Constitutionalist and Courier. Ma-;
con Telegraph and Colutnbus Enquirer, will give the;
above two insertions and send me their accounts for j
payment. W. H
ATTOUXEV AT I.AW.
! Cherokee Court House. Georgia,
Is now prepared to attend to any professional bu-'
sim ss entrusted to him. He tenders his thanks to
those that have, so liberally patronized him in
the C ourts w here he 'u.is practiced Communications'
tp ensure Rttentivu, must come post-paid
The Truth —The whole Truth.
C 1 herokec, [C. ll.] Saturday, July 13, 1833.
I A LIST.
Os letters remaining in the Post Offite rtt Cherokee '
I Court-House, on the thirtieth day of June 1833,
j which if not taken out in three months will be forwarded ,
to the General Tost Office, as dead letters.
Noble P. Beall, 4
Gen. John Coffee,
E. S. Candler,
Elijah Folsom, esq.
Benj. L. Goodman,
Edward Garlick, esq.
George R. Glenn,
Z B Hargrove, esq.
J. J. Johnson,
Miss A. T. Jones,
George W. King,
William King- esq.
Gen. Allen Lawhon>
John Martin, esq.
Martin R. Paxton,
H. G. Royals,
Gallant Reynolds, esq.
James M Towns,
John Tate, Jr.
A. A Winn, esq.
Win. W Walker,
Win. R. Williamson,
6—21 WILLIAM GRISHAM P M.
AB persons who have made their Tax Returns for
; 1832, in originally Cherokee county, are hereby no
; tiiied that the Books have been returned to me for
! collection as the Collector for Cherokee county
i Those who have by the late division of Cherokee
f fallen into other comities can haveau opportunity of
I paying, upon application to the subscriber by the
; second Monday in August next, otherwise executions
i will issue in terms of the law.
JOHN B. GARRISON, t. c. c c.
! july 6—m —2l
I Whereas my wife, Eliza has left me without any
I jnst cause or provocation and run off with John,
i Wear, I hereby forWarn all persons from trading with
I her, on my account as I am determined not to pay
• any debts of her contracting. Murry County Ga
I May 27th 1833 JESSE E BEAN
jnn e 29 m —2O
Mr. Barrett attended the Crqwn Of
fice ut Dublin on the llih, for the purpose of
being present at the sinking of a Jury prepara
tory to his trial for a libel in publishing the liist
letter of Mr. O’Connell.
Although two months have not elapsed since
the termination of our As'iscs, there are not
■ less than one hundred and eighty-eight prison-
I ers at this moment confined in oui couniy jail 1
Os this unprecedentedly gre.it number, 74 were
I committed from lhe 21th to the 30:h of 1 >st
month—4l of the latter within lhe last two
days ! — Kilkenny Moderator.
Mr, Barrett, of the Pilot, attended accord-
I ing lo notice at the Crown office, to strike off’ a
special jury to try him for the publication oi
Mr. O’Connell’s fust letter. lhe stt iking a
jniy under lhe present liishimy law, is a faice.
1' nst, the return ot the panel is with the tiflicei
oi the Crown, A* ihe Crown the party. I me,
the traveiser has right to challenge twelve names
out of the fust forty-eight. But hese aie so
arranged of the head ot the list, that the Crown
must have vutually 'he choice ol ih< jurois.
I You may judge how the Crown has airanged
i tl when 1 tell you that all the police magis
i trates, aidermen, persons connected with the
' Castle and public boards, all are piled up at
' the top ot ihe list. I saw die panel—l rer kon
ed the first 178 names, and how many Catho
lics think you were on ii? by, exactly nine.
I And the Crown having the power to strike off
twelve, and as certainly the nine Catholics wii!
be struck off, it is of course a jtuy compleielv
of ihe nomination of the Crown! Ht.w would
the other party here complain if ihe Mail were
presented by O’Connell, and he had it in his
power to Dominate a Catholic jury! And do
iy ou not see that all the ends oi justice .are de-
I seated; that there is hoiror of ihe punishment
and sympathy for the tdi' iice, when power can
i ci ush widi or without criniinalitv.
I Mi. Bariett to day opened the proceedings
by protesting against the panel. First, 'rum
die facility oi packing it alfoided the Crown;
secondly , because the present jury laws were
acknowledged to be imperfect—were tainted,
vitiated, and brought into contempt by the
government itself, which had in progress another
and amended Juiy Bill, and which, in a very
shuit period, would come to be law. Mr.
bourne, the Clerk of the Crown, said, “he
supposed it before the trial die Jury Bill pass
ed, a jury struck under the nreseut law wdiJU
be superceded.” Now, this certainly showed
that there was a sentiment of fairness in lhe
breast of the Clerk of lhe Crown; bm ought
; not the same principle to cause the govern
ment not to burry on a trial under an imperfect
and now tained system?
If the trial goes on, it will be spoken to on
Mr. Barrett’s side by Mr. Shiel,and die topics
which the subject will call for, will, I am assur
ed, show up the Whigs in a very curiuns man
ner. What think you ofone fact? Zi will be
moved that one of lhe Plunkets—one of the
young Hannibals, as he is called here, a son of
the Chancellor, accompanied Marcus Costello
to the arena, where the trades union meet, to’
encourage agitation and an address to Lord
Grey, at the peiiod the Whigs tottered, there
by to keep his party in ofl’n e. by doing what
lie could to bring the borough mongering Pai
liamenl “into contempt,” which is the allega
tion against the Pilot, only the charge in that
case is foi bringing the Act of union into con
tempt. If the Tories had got into power and
acted like the Whigs, the Whigs would have
all been prosecuted for bringing the Parliament
as then constituted in contempt. This prose
cution is anotner sad blunder of lhe Whigs.
The object was to catch O’Connell. is
well known Barrett will not surrender O’Con- ■
nil to the tender mercies of the Whigs. They ;
will fail in that—while the trial will pioduce '
more real agitation th hi the societies, which!
they establish desponso law to suppress. 1
perceive the Globe is asserting that he despot
ic bill is producing great satisfaction and iran-,
quillity in Ireland. Don’t believe it. There
was general iranquillity before the bloody and
brutal bill. It might as well be said that Tip
perary, which had been often much more dis
turbed than Kilkenny, yet, which lias been
quite tranquil the last two years, required the
; bill, or was quited by it, as Kilkenny. Kiiken- '
I ny, like Tipperary, would have been tranquil
lized by the law of ihe land, and without the '
i trampling on the constitution. As a pacifica
j tor, the bill is u selessj bin as a bill which sows
: the seeds of future disturbance, it is sadly es-
■ fective. Aheady die parsons have been insli-
’ gated to an excessive rigor in collecting tithes— ,
.already agieemonts for compositions, which
! had been agreed upon by some of them, have
i been broken, while Z see in Kilkenny that in
; formations have been actually taken by magis
i trates against police men, for collecting tidies
directly under lhe bill. Pay no attention to
the cunning representations of tho Whig Globe
Tile bill is bad in principle—bad in practice—
bad as a piecedent, and intended to smooth
; the way for inflicting its atrocious provisions
and powers upon you in England,—JV. J.
We publish to-day the fourth letter of Mr.
O Connell io the People id lieland. The
\ thitd has not yet appeared in die Newspapers
: that have been received.
TO THE PEOPLE OF IRELAND.
“Within that land was many a malcontent,
Who emsed the tyranny, to which lie bent;
1 aat soil, lull many a wringing despot saw,
ho worked his wiuitonness in form of lav.!”
"Thisisa harsh, cruel, and despotic bill. ’
| [Z.ortZ Morpeth
London, May 11, 1833.
Fellow-Countrymen—Hew sensitive despo -
ism makes met:. lhe Irish Newspaper Edi
’ tors do nut dare to pirnt my tiers as they ap
pear in lhe 1 rue Sun. Ihe blanks und chasms
,in their copies resemble (he publications m
those states where tiie in >st unqualified tyranny
pievaiis, and die censorship ol me press excr-
■ cises uncuntiolled its execrable sway.
; it is, broihes Irishmen, tu a Hejormed Par
liament, to hypocrites daring to call themselves
Reformers, tha. we owe ihal despotic puwei,
winch J peiceive natuially engeudcis slavish
feats .nd ten die, be cause li uly m esistible, |ier
jsccuttons. See you nut how litile of sympa
thy lhe peisectiiions ot ihe Press in Itelano
excites amongst die newspapei wr.ieis of tins
country. It lhe Attorney-General in England
were io piesi me <o msiilute such prosecuiiuus
as Hie ii ish Oranit Torcy Attoi ney-Geneial
.institutes, ami carries on, the entire couiiua
would ung with he cries of indignation, am,
the piosecuted Piess would find sholtei and
pro ection beneath the covering shield of pub
lic opinion Alas, for poor Ireland! public
opunou cannot dare to raise iis v u .ce (here.
No public meeting can venture to expt css its |
sympathy. Ihe leaden hoof of despotism en
acted by law stifles public opinion, and scatters
every public meeting which could give a shield
or a shelter to any oi the victims oi persecu
But, although the “Rrfornud" Pailianient '
has enacted such a law, and ulthougf lhe rnise
iy ol Ireland tails unheeded on die dull cold
ear ol the men who have yot, even yet, io- I
inaining the boldness to call themselves reform- 1
ers—however, lit land has many fi tends a
mongst the English people; ihe people, em
phatically lhe people of L tigk.nd, a. v rousing
hi our bcnalf, they h> e | di.it they have a com
mon cause of common fieedoni with the pt ;pie
ol lieland. Several id the liish popular mtm
beis gave their ready and hearty votes to alle
viate the burdens and diminish tire usxation oi’ '
the English people; 1 sorrowfully regret thst 1
all the Iri'h membeis, who were deeply and 1
doubly pledged to every species of i etiench* *
ment and telorm, ate nut more mindfiil <4 these 1 1
1 pledges, and more actively zealous to pt educe 1
for l iigl.tnd chyau 1 and free tiisii- ;
Whole No. 22.
I repeat it, the people of England are our
friends. The present most inefficient ministry
have lost all character and almost all popular
support, by that total dereliction of every con
stitutional and liberal principle which thev ex
hibited in their Coeicion Bill for Ireland.——
That tyrannic measure has reacted on them
selves, and the moral strength which they lost
by its means cannot possiblv be ever regain
The total defeat of the Whig candidates at
every recent election, the triumph of liberty
over Hobhouse and Burdett, ami “dear Da
Vearf' and all that group of motley politicians
in Westminister, is one of tho most decisive
evidences which could be given of the state of
the public sentiment in reference to the “coer
sion ministry.” My mind expands and my
heart exults at the opening prospects —yes, this
ministry of hypocritical professionsand liberti
cidal acts must soon disappear. There cannot
be a change for lhe worse, and the change for
the better will soon disengage Ireland from the
base fetters she now wears, and once again at
tach her to British connection, by a reciproci
ty of benefits and privileges.
I he defeat ol Hobh<>use secures the fate of
the present ministry. They may struggle on a
I little while, but their doom is sealed,and thou
lhe air of liberty may be breathed in Ireland
! once again.
I look io changes useful to Ireland and salu
. tary to ihe empiie with tho more confidence,
because Z know how impossible it is that any
other patty but the wretched Whigs should
continue Loid Anglesey in office—a more un
wise and to speak plainly, a more silly politi-
I cian was never yet engaged in the misgovern-
J meat ol a great country. Z never enquire into
; what ;s called good intentions, intentions never
, carried into effect. But suppose I were to
i concede io lhe sycophants of Lord Anglesey
’ that his intentions are excellent, it would only
! render his political folly and fatuity the moro
’ glai ing and palpable.
Let us, therefore, hope for and expect bet
; tor days lor Ireland. Let us hope for and ex-
I pect lhe period when tho popular sentiment
will again have its natural effect, and when
wretched renegades and unwise calculators will
feel ihemselves controuled by the national
voice to attend to national in erost.
In tho mean time this independent and truly
liberal paper—the True Sun— which enables'
me to communicate freely with the people of
Zrelaml, affords mo the means also of agitating
lor that electoial organization which alone re
mains as an irresistible inducement to rescue
Z.' l-.ud fiom her present state of political dc
Recollect, the leading object of these letters is
to keep up the power of ihe Irish people, to
select proper representatives, aud to substitute
for ihe lenegade, or the “unwise,” those who
will think ut nothing beyond the interests of Ire
lattd, save the maintenance of lhe eternal, and
creed, caste, colour, and nation, on the fuco
of the habitable globe.
At this period of change, when the great
movement is going on, rescuing mankind from
ms last remnants ol tho chains long since in-
Ihcted on the nations of Europe by tho feudal
system, and also scatleiing into thin air tho
selfish and sordid pretensions of aristocratic
newer—at such a period as this, Ireland ought
be represented by men worthy ofihe high
destiny to which they are called—mon inca
pable of making any compromise with lhe eno
mes of ilieir native land, or of deserting ou
any pretext the cause of universal freedom.
It is for these great purposes that I desire
o organize the electors of every county, city,
aid town ia Ireland, so as tube prepared for
■very event, and to be able to take advantage
H every contingency.
1 have begun witn the county of Dublin.—»
1 pause upon that county; I cannot go bey ond
' unit! 1 find that every possible exertion has
oeen made to preserve its repiesentation under
ue controul of the Zrish and tiuly national par-
in my third letter, I called for assistance
from each of five out ol the nine baronies, of
winch ihe country is composed. I again re
peat my call for aid as to each of those five
baronies; and 1 make, as it were, a personal
application relative to each of the remaining
tour baronies. Who can 1 get to assist mein
tiu h.irony of Denote ? Who in Castteknock ?
i Who in St. Sepulchre’s ? and who in Coo
I want to learn the number of electors of
each class registered in each of these baronies;
the qualification on which such person is regis
' tered, and the political party or personal inter
; est which sways each voter. This is lhe first
! Mep; namely, to ascertain the popular strength
: hi each barony, and to contrast it with the Anti
Irish Ascendency party in that barony.
T’be second step is to ascertain whether any,
I and ifi.ny, what addition can be made to tho
popular f< rce in each barony. I’licse two are
wanted—First, the present state of lltepiupu
lar strength, and secondly, the capability of ia<
creasing it. Let me Lui be able to ascertain
both in each Laruny of the country of Dublin,
and 1 will then proceed to another nv.rl another
ami another county, until we have all Ireland
prepared to return none but t‘ior< tighgoing re
fbrmci s of every abuse, and repeaters of that
legislative union which has weakened the en
tiie empire, and impoverished and degraded
But although I contino myself in direct ap
y.icaiian to Dublin euunty, I do not the !vsi