“The rerment of a IVcc, it* preferable lo the torpor of a dcNpotie, ftorernnient.”
ATIIEYS, GEORGIA, \OVEJIBE2t 24, 1832.
The Southern Banner,
IS PUBLISHED IN THE TOWN OF ATHENS,
GEORGIA, EVERY SATURDAY,
BY ALIJO.Y CIIAJHE.
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AG KN T S.
Thomas B. Cooper, F.sq ClarkescWe, Habersham Co.
George IIawpe. F.sq Gainesville IIill Co
William Cowan, F.sq Jefferson. Jackson t'o.
William Meronet, F.sq. Danirlsrilte, Madison Co.
Mat. J. Williams. F.sq Lawreuceville. Gwinnett Co
SEASON A 53L.E ftOOBS.
V the Ship Oglethorpe, intended to sail for this
Port on 25th August, the subscribers have on
A GENERAL AND EXTENSIVE AS-
FALL AN» WINTER
Which ore daily expected to arrive, and w ill be for sale
at reasonable prices and on accommodniinp terms.
LOW, TAYLOR, ft Co.
Savannah, Oct. 19—31 -eou6».
T HE iindersigrud take pleasure in informing the
citizens of Athens, and the public generally, that
they have formed a ro partnership in the
And opened a Si-.-cal the sln.nl heretofore occupied
by Mr. J. r. KDWAIIDS individually,under lac name
am! firm of
THOMAS HANCOCK & CO.
Where they intend keeping a ch* ice, extensive and
fashionable Stork of Goods, in the various departments
of their line of biismcs®. They respectfully solicit the
attention of the public towards thrii esiab'ishinent.
JAMES C. EDWARDS,
JAMES A WIUGHT.
Athens, Oct. 5.—29—tf.
C. As U. SI. KELSEY;
CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA,
A RE now receiving a penpral assortment of seasons
bio DRY GOODS,comprising every article wan-
tori for the Country Trade, winch they will sell on accom
modating terms, at the Store now occupied by Charles
MTntvre& Co. No. 275, King street.
Chaileston, Oel 10—31—51.
T RIE subscriber having withdrawn from nil Mer
cantile concerns in Charhston, earnr ally requests
*11 those indebted to him, individually, or to the late
firm of FLEMMING, GILLILAND & CO to make
payment to his noth rised agent, JSIr. B'm. Me Burney,
as early as practicable, as all notes due one or morn
years, not settled bv the first of Innuary next, wifi he
putin suit. THOMAS FLEMMING.
August 31 —24—I8t.
Capt. >V. DUBOIS, hi.d
JOHN DAVID MONWIN,
Cnpt. J AMES CURRY.
ME Proprietors of these Splendid Sientn Packets
intend running 'hem ns Fassnge nnd Freight boa*,
between CHARLESTON and AGUUSTA, the coming
season—the first regular Trip to commence on Satur
day, 3d of November next, tinder the following arrange
rnent:—Leaving Charleston and Augusta every Satur
day, and arriving at Charleston and Augusta every
By this arrangement. Country Merchants Hading to
Charleston, and wishing to avail themselves of the con
veyance, can make their calculations with perfect safe
ty, before leaving home, when they will have their
goods in Augusta. Great care has been had in fitting
up their Cabins, in a «t vie combining comfort and splen
dor, equalled hv few boats n the United States. These
Boats are on tho*low pressure •rineiph*, coppered and
copper fastened; and as no expense has been spared
in building them, for safety, speed and cotnf f, they
are recommended to the public with the greatest confi
dence. H. W. CONNER & CO. Agents,
Chirlefion, S. C.
A. MACKENZIE & CO. Agents,
Oct. 5 — 29—13t.
I HEREBYforHwini Afi Iro n trading for a
ten dollar promissory note of hand, given by me to
Thomas J. Galightly and Samuel A. 'Vales in prelen
ded Co. The note was given in June, or July last, and
payable to the said Wales by the first day of October
thereafter. As the same wis fraudulently obtained by
the said Galightly, therefore I do not intend to pay the
tame unless compelled by Jaw.
'USE OF PHKEMOI.OUY.
Away wiili all doubt and misgiving,
Now lovers must woo by the hook —
There’s an end lo all trick and •lunvingy
No man can be caught by a look.
Bright eyes, or a love-breeding dimple,
No longer their witchery fling;
That lover indeed must be simple
Who yields to so silly a thing.
No more need we fly the bright glances
Whence Cupid shot arrows of yore ;
To skulls let us limit our fancies,
And love by the bumps we explore !
Oh, now we can tell in a minute
What fnte will he ours when we wed:
The heart has no passion within it
That is not engraved on the head.
The first time I studied the science
With June and I cannot tell how,
’T« as not till the eve of alliance
I caught the fiisi glimpse of her brow.
Casuality finely expanding,
I he la r tf* st I happened to see ;
Such a-gnment’s lar too commanding,
Th night I. to be practised on me.
Then Laura came next and each featuro
As mild as an angel's appears;
I ventured, the sweet little creature,
To take n peep over her ears;
Destructiveness, terrible omen,
Mod vilely developed did lie!
(Though perhaps it is common in women,
And hearts may be all they destroy.)
The Organ tf Speech was in Fanny ;
I s diddered—*lw«s terribly strong!
Tin n fled, for I’d rather Ilian any
Than tha* to iiiv wife fdionld belong.
I next tu u»*d n»> fancy to Mary—
She swore she loved nothing hilt me:
Hi »w the look and tin* index could vary!
For nought but Self-Love did I see.
Locality, sli!y betraying
In Helen a passion to roam,
Spok" Mich predilection for straying—
Thought I —she’ll he never at home.
Oh ! some were so low in the forehead,
I neve could settle mv mind;
Wild • others had n!| Hint was horrid
In teirihle swellings behind.
At leng'h *twas m*’ lot to discover
The finest of skulls, I believe,
To please or to (Mizzle a lover,
That Spiiizheim or Gall could conceive.
’Twotdd lake a whole age to decipher
The humps upon Emily’s head ;
So I said, I will settle lor life here.
And study them after we’re wed.
Frum tlmToken for 18.12.
THE Fim cloak.—.9 Reminiscence.
It wtis jn ill., winter of IS05, that I was di
ning ill Mr. Jufferson’s, wlmn soon after leiiv
inf; the lulile, I whs seized will) nn ague, and
obliged to leave the charming circle dial col
lected in the drawing room.
Air- Jefferson, with almost paternal kind
ness, insisted on wrappinn me ill his fur cloak,
which, whiie it completely shielded me from
the night air. had the more powerful effect of
conquering inv shivertngs, hy exciting my im
‘ Strange !’ though I, ‘ that I. nn obscure in
dividual in America, should he wrapped in the
samo mantle that once enveloped the Czar of
Russia—that wns after wards long worn by the
pntriol hero of Poland, and now belongs In
one of the greatest men alive. ! wish the
cloak could speak and tell mu .something of
eaeli ol its possessors. Of the insane despot,
to whom it originnlly belonged, it could tell me
of no act of his life half so good as tho one hy
w turn the cloak was Irasferred to the good
This brave man, inspired by nn inherronl
and inextinguishable love of liberty, had. when
a more youth, forsaken his native country—
ti e luxuries of wealth, and the allurements
"f pleasure, to enlist and fight in our cause.—
Many were the privations ho endured and the
danger- hr encountered for the sakenf that righ-
Ipous cause lo which his whole life was devo-
ted. To a rnur go the most unshrinking and
a spirit the most daring, he add' d a tenderness
and delicacy of feeling, almost feminine, arid a
refinement of tasie which led him. amidst the
riiggedness nurl hardships of a camp, to culti
vate the gentle nris of peace. The daring sol
dier in the field of battle, wns the tender nnd
sentimental companion of virtuous women;
the ornament of 'he drnwing room, and the fa
vorite of the domestic circle.
P.veti in garrison, the pursuits of a simp’o
nnd refined taste were not negle -led. At the
fort of West Point, where his regiment was
long beleaguered by the British forces, we are
still led to n spot amidst the rocks, called Kos
ciusko's garden. There, on the high nnd
rockv banks of the Hudson, he amused lus
leisure moments in cultivaiing (lowers. Na
ture had supplied no soil for their growth, hill,
with indefatigable toil nnd inexhostihle pa
tience, he supplied the deficiency of Nature.
The spot he had chosen was inaccessible to
vehicles of any kind, and ho carried the soil
himself in baskets and deposited it in the reces
ses of the rocks.
There, morning nnd evening, leaving the
coaise merriment and -ensiial pleasures of the
ramp, he tended his flowers, or giving himself
sp lo the «'’loess of solitude, would sir on
some projecting rock and watch the majestic
stream that flowed nt his feet, or tho clouds
that floated over his head.
Who that could then have looked on the
slight and tender youth, the pretty bov, for so
small and delicate were his form and features,
that he seemed littlp more ; who (hat looked
on him, hanging with delight over a bed of
flowers, would bave recognized in him the
- commander of armies, the hero of hisnnlioii?
How lovely is the union ofgreatness and good
ness ! It was the blending of those qualities
that made Kesmsku as beloved as he was ml-
mired, and kindled m other bosoms a portion
of tbni enthusiasm which glowed in his ow n.—
Yes, even I, then a young and thoughtless girl,
felt the power of that enthusiasm, winch inspir
ed n nation of freemen, and collected thou
sands round tho standard of this patriot sol
For days and weeks have I sat, with increa
sing delight beside Ins couch, and listened to
the stories of his b illies and hair bread'll es
capes, of his successes and defeats, lus triumph
and his captivity, one day a conquerur, (lie
next a prisoner.
Though more than thirty vents have since
passed, I cun still seo him, us I saw him then,
pale, emaciated, wounded ; his almost fragile
form re lined upon a couch, supported by pil
lows, with a I it t It* table drawn close beside him,
on which he leuncd I,is elbow, supp irting Ids
head on tiis hand ; ilia' wounded head around
which he wore a bandage of lil.u-k riband, in
stead of ihe laurel wreath lie had so nobly won.
Bui the indcblilo scar, which tlmt bandage
covered, was the seal of glory.
Tliplnlle table was covered wuh bunks,
pens, pencils; with letters from numerous
fi tends, and tributary verses from every Euro-
p-un nation. With what delight did I avail
myself ol'liis permission in examine all these
tilings, and how kindly did he indulge mv
ynuihlul curiosity m reading to mu many of
theso effusions of friendship, admiration nod
love; yes, love, fm I remember well, that one
of the letters was from a lady, who had loved
him when a volunteer in our army. It began
By what title shall I address thee, oh being
still too dear and loo well remembered ! shall
I rail thee tho defender of lliy country t oh,
no, it ib too awful. Hero oflibertv? it is too
high. Nolile Pole? oh I that speaks of ano
ther and far distant country ; what then shall I
call thee, that will bring lo recollection the
days of past yours ? I will call the Koscius
ko! other names may need titles,Inn this is it
self the highest title. This, indelibly engra
ven on iiiv heart, will brightly shine m tho pa
ges of history. Welcome, then Kosciusko,
welcome to the country Ihul reveros, and to
the heart that adores you !’
Snell, or neti'ly sill'll, wore iho glowing
words of this impassioned letter; they in rn
so accordant with the garlish romance of my
disposition, that they made an ineffaceable im
pression on my memory Perhaps—nay, eer-
luinly he ought not to have shown this letter.
But ufier all, heroes are lull men, and lie had,
alas, too many of (lie weaknesses of poor hu
man nature, and I runnel deny, that vanity
was one. I recollect to some verv heauliliil
verses sent him by MissPorler,the distinguished
novelist ; hut they enme not from her heart,and
therefore did not reach mine. They were
complimentarv verses, in praise of the patriot
and hero. Hero! how different were mv
ideas of the person of n hero, from that of Ko-
From mv childhood his name had been fa
miliar io my oar, and I hud head of lus yiuitli-
lii! aehievemen's in Hefenro of our liberty.—
.At the lime ol lus return to our mutiny, his
fame hud preceded lus arrival. His Imld cn-
teprisn, his patient endurance, in invincible
courage, his unyielding firmness and lus ar
dent patriotism, were the Daily theme of pri
vate circles and public journals, and when lie
landed on onr shores, lie was welcomed with
unbounded enthusiasm, nod crowds eagerly
ran to ratch a glimpse of one of their earliest
W hen lie arrived in the little town in which
I lived and became nn inmate oftlie house of onr
of my relations, I fell emotions it is impossible
lo describe. Mv young imagination embodi
ed this ‘apostle of liberty,’ as he was some.
itrr.es called in u form grand, impo-ing, and
venerable; with n figure ns commanding ns
that of onr own Washington, n- d a counte
nance lar more expressive. My fancy pictur
ed Dim fiirth with noble features, large pene
trating eves, and an nir of loftiness and gran
deur. When I was led up to his couch, nnd
saw a diminutive and feble old man, with a
pale face, turned up nose, little blue eves, and
thin light colored hair, I could not at fir-t be
lieve that it really was the renowned Kosciusko,
and for a lime mv enthusiasm was entirely ex
tinguished, for there was nothing about him >o
counteract the effeet produced by his appear
ance. and I must own I never recovered those
feelings which his fame tins inspired — feelings
excited by moral grandeur. His manners and
conversation were ns little imposing as his
person and coimmnnnce. I continually en
deavored, by recalling his great actions to
mind, to rekindle my enthusiasm. I never
succeeded—nothing ho said, or looked a-sis-
led ihe allusion ; no, not even when he descri
bed the conflicts in which he had been engag
ed, could I realize that :lie pale, feeble, little
man, whom I I inked upon, was iho enmm ri
der of armies, and ihe idol ol hiB country.—
But a tenderer sentiment scon took Ihe place
of this high wrought enthusiasm, for when ho
talked of his sufferings, his bosom cares, arid
anxieties—Ids lugh hopes and his deep despair,
it was impossible to listen and not to feel a
deep interrst and lender sympathy.
Ilis tnild countenance, soft voice, and gen
tle manners, were in harmony with such
In our littlp town, there were few who
thought of approaching ffitgrnil mail, and lie
was left in romp ir.'ilivc solitude—at least
to the quiet ol the domestic circle of our family.
I was a romantic girl, n young enthusiast,
arid (iiiii'h indulged. I soon found a low aeat
beside his couch, on which I every day passed
many hours. He loved lo talk of himself,
and peiImps p. re ived no one listened lo him
with so eagei nod untiring an attention ns I
(I'd ; who is there iiisens.tdo to the pleasure
of exciting strong emotion, deep interest and
lender sympathy? Seine there are. and I
'hulk lie was one who fell peculiar pleasure in
awakening these i nl"ii"ns, m the artless nnd
unsophisticated mind of youth, where they
were blended with strong curiosity and as
My fixed gaze, tearful nyes, and glowing
face, so clearly evinced iho interest I look in
liis conversation, that no doubt it led him into
ih t uls lie would not otherwise have given.
I linve tiirgotleii few of theso details, nnd
could fill n volume, were I lo write all I re
member; lull at present, will only repeat Ihe
account lie gave me of the manner in which
he became possessed oftlie Fur Clonk, though
Hie ineidcii's connei led with lus defeat, fol
lowing tin- battle in which he was made pris
oner, and ins feelings mi the occasion nru so
inlm-sting, that I can scarcely omit them.
Bill these are matters of liMory.
‘ I expected,’ said he, ‘ on mv arrival at
'*1. Petersh rg, to be thrown into a dungeon
and loaded with chains ; hut un such thing—
Catharine, ihiiugb nil embittered, wns not ii
cruel enemy ; I had fought only for the liberty
ofmv country, nnd al'liough site wished to de
stroy that liberty, she respected its defender.
‘ The confinement to which she consigned
me was rigorous in tho extreme—hut I wns
allowed every comfort compatible with se
curity »f mv person and prevention of any in
tercourse with society.
M v Hpnflment was large nnd commodious,
mv table well spread, and hooks, materials
f r writing, drawing and painting amply sup
• Could I for ono moment have forgotten
my pour, bleeding, and enslaved country, I
could huve been almost happy. But my coun
try in ehnins, and struggling for freedom,
wns n thought never absent from my mind,
and produced a restlessness nnd impatience
scarcely io bn endured. Imagine u mother
bearing the cries of a child m agony, forcibly
withheld from running to its assistance, mid
you muv then imagine my feelings. I some
times thought, licit in a dark dungeon and
rhaineil to the ground, I could have endured
confinement with less impatience than in mv
spacious and lightsome apartment, which
wore the semblance and lircii'hcd ihe air of
liberty while I was in fact os much enchained
as if loaded with fellers I was lint indeed,
fettered with iron chains, but what was more
intolerable, with the etern il presence of men ;
by men, on whose sympathies I might have
worked had time been allowed me. But this
wns a roiiliiignnee, uguinst which my saga
nous, as well as powerlul enemy hud securely
‘ During >ho eighteen months I wns confin
ed at St, Fciersluirg, I never, for two hours
successively saw the same luce. Tho guard
stationed in my apartment was changed every
hour. Compute how many hours there are in
eighteen mm"h<, and you will know how many
strange faces I looked upon during tho time
of my inprisimnient. Never, for one moment
was I left alone!
Escape was impossible. .After n time, this
composure brought with il mure composure,
nnd I could read, write, and draw ; tho latter
latent was the sourco of much amusement,
mill in I lie rremi'i'is ef my pencil, I found a
substitute for lli"se of nature. Yes, the flow
ers grew under my limn! —the Imidseape was
li; with sunshine mid smiled with Verdun, nnd
iil llUies, I fell emotions of pleasure, similar,
if not equal lo those wmch living flowers and
real landscapes could give. And sometimes
loo, I would recover the presence of those I
loved—I would trace liioir features, and draw
eyes that seemed to look at me, and bps Unit
seemed lo spenk.
1 Thus del I seek lo beguile the weary mo-
iinlnny of my confinement. But inure heavy
and inure we iry was each succeeding day. m'd
ilicin were moments when I felt such disgust
to life, (tint I was templed to destroy it—yet
loathing life, I lived: for against hope, I
* One day, awakening from a sleep into
w Inch I had fallen, on opening my eyes, I saw
a stranger silling on the foot of my couch, ear
nestly regarding me. I started up with, I sup
pose a look of alarm, for the stranger said to
me, ‘ ho not ularined- I bring you good tidings
—your inexorable enemy is dead. Cuthaiine
died this morning ; you are free I’
“Free!” I exclaimed, ‘impossible’—‘not
impossible.’ lie answered.
‘ | am Paul, and 1 tell you, you are free.’
‘ Alter the first emotions of joy and surprise
had subsided, the emperor told me I wus at
l.berty to leave St. Petersburg nod to goto any
country I pleased, Poland excepted. Ilo of
fered me any sum of money I should desire.—
I declined receiving more than was sufficient
tor defray my expenses to London, and
from thence to Americu. AVhcn lie found I
would not take the heavy purse ho earnestly
pressed on me, lie look from his shoulders a
itch fur cloak lie wore, and throwing it over
mine—• wear this lor my sake,’ said tho em
On leaving this country for Europe,KosciuB-
ko left this cloak with his reverend iriend, Jef
“So ims Franklin."—“ O.you’re n ’pren-
t'ce,’ said u little boy, the other day taunting
ly to his companion. Tho addressed turned
proudly around and w hile the fire of injured
pride mill tho look of pity were strangely blen
ded in Ins countenance, coolly answered—
“ So wns Franklin !”
The dignified reply struck mo forcibly, and
I turned to mark the disputants more closely.
The former, I perceived by his dress, was of
a higher class u, society than his humble vet
more dignified companion. Tho latter was" n
sprightly, in live lad scarce twelve years old,
and coarsely hut eluvcrly attired. But young
as ho was, there was visible in his counlen”
ance much of genius, manly dignity, nnd de
terminate resolution while that of the former
showed only fostered pride, and tho imagined
superiority of riches.
1 he linln fellow, thought wo gazing at our
young hero, displays already much of tho man
—though liis calling bo an humble one: and
though poverty extends to him her dreary,
cheerless renltly—still lie looks on tlin briglit-
sidc of the scene and alroudy rises in nntici-
pitipns from p -vertv, woe, and wretchedness!
Once,“ so teas Franklin!" ,.nd the world may
ono dav witness in our little “prentice" us
great u philosopher ns they linve already seen
m his untile pattern ! And wo passed on buried
The motto of our infantile philosopher con
tains miirli—too much to bo forgotten - —and
should he engrnveii on the minds of all
What can better cheer man in nn humblo cal-
ling, limn the reflection that Iho greatest and
the best of earth—tho greatest statesmen—
the brightest philosophers—and tho proudost
warriors—have graced the same profession?
Look at Uinciminlus ? At the call of his
country ho laid aside tho plough ; and seized
the sword. But after wielding it with entire
success when liis country was no longer en
dangered, and public affairs needed not his
longer stay lie “ heal his sword into a plough
share,” nnd returned with honest delight to lus
Look at Washington! What wns liis
course of life? lie wiih first a commander in
chief nt Iho host of freedom, fighting for the
liberation of his country from the thralls of
despotic oppression—next, called to tho high
est seat ol government, by his ransomed breth
ren, a president of the largest republic on
eurtli—mid I tsily, u farmer again I
Look ul Frunkliu! lie who
“*** with itictlmnilor tslkod, ■■ friend to friem),
Anil wave las giiilumj ul tho lightning's wing,
111 sportive twist,"
Wl.nt was ho ? a printer ! once a menial in a
printing office! Poverty stared him in the
luce—but lier blank hollow look could nothing
daunt him. Hu struggled ngainst a harder
current than most lire railed to encounter;
but he did nut yield, lie pressed manfully
onward—bravely buffeied misfortune’s bil
lows—and gained the desired haven.
What was the famous Ben Johnson? Ho
was first a bricklayer or mason I What wns
ho tri after years ? Tin needless lo answer.
Wlml wns Burns? An Ayrshire plough-
man I What wns he in after life in the ea-
lunation of Ins countrymen nnd tho world?
Your library gives the answer I
But shall we go on and eall up in proud
array oil the mighty host of worthies that hnvo
lived nnd died—who were cradled in the lap
of penury and received their first lessons in
the schools of ulliiction ? Nay; we have ci
ted instances enough nlrcndy—vea, mure
than enough to prove the point in question—
namely? that tiiere is nn profession however
low in the opinion of tho world but has been
honoured with earth's greatest and her wor
Young man ! Does tho iron hand of mis
fortune press hurd upon you and disappoint
ments well nigh sink your despairing aoui?
Hava courage) Mighty ones have been
your predecessors—and have withstood the
current ol opposition limt threatened lo over-
whelm then fragile hark.
Do you despise your humble station, and
repine that Providenro has not placed you in
some untile sphere? Murmur not against
the dispensation of nn all-wiso Creator! Re
member that wealth is no criterion of moral
rectitude, or intellectual worth—that riches,
dishonestly gained, are a lasting curse—that
virtue nnd uprightness work out a rich roward
" Ah honest min’s Iho noblest work of God!"
And when dark Disappointment comes, don’t
wither at her stare—but press forward—nad
the prize is yours ! It was thus with Franklin
—it can he thus with you. He strove for iho
prize, and he won it! So may you! ’lis
well worth contending for: and success may
attend you ! and tho “ atars” will be brighter,
ns the “stripes” are deeper.
The most manifest sign of wisdom is con.
tinued cheerfulness : her estate is like that of
things in the regions above the moon, always
clear and serene.