• militia laws of this state, and to ‘repeal the
To amend the several acts heretofore pass
ed tor the reg'ilaS'io or'the Penitentiary.
Further defiling the duties and powers of
the C i nptroller t»e ter »l.
To appoint c rtain persons to rent out the
fractions in the counties of D toley, ftauston,
Monroe, Fayette and Henry, Appling, Ear
ly, Telfair and Irwin.
Apportioning the ft oesand forfeitures aris
ing from criminal prosecutions in the coun
ties of Columbia and Jones, to the use and
benefit of the said county Academies.
To authorize the Inferior Courts of Pot
nam and Jasper counties, to levy extra taxes.
For the relief of the securities of William
Scott, late tax collector, of Chatham county.
To loan the Unace Turnpike Company a
sum of money.
From the Florida Gazette.
~ At the request of the Grand Jury, imnan
nelled for the District Court of the United
States for East Florida, held in St. Augus
tine, on tho sth day of December, IH2I, the
Honorable William P. Duval has consented
that his charge to the jury may be published,
together with their proceedings. I inclose
the same to you for that purpose.
1). COPP, Foreman.
Gentlemen of the Grand Jury.
It must be highly gratifying to the citi
zens of the United States in E ist-Florida, to
4itness on this occasion, the interesting
jectacle of its highest judicial tribunal rea
v for the distribution of justice, without re
gard 10 religious faith, rank or nation. This
event has been delayed from an unusual and
fatal disease prevailing in St. Augilstine du'-
.ring the last season. The acquisition of the
Ilsridas, as a demonstration of the power of
our great and growing empire, is a subject
of just exultation ; tut ! to the inhabitants of
other countries, mere increase of power
would be the only source of gratulation, but
in t)ie pleasure we cherish oo this occasion,
areimingled the moral ingredients of anoth
er and loftier nature, consisting in the ge
fnfluence on the political condition and
I relations of our species. Gentlemen,
y good citizen of the United States looks
confidence and triumph to the Consti
-0,111,n and Laws of the Union for equal pro
tection in his life, liberty and property. The
humblest individual in society claims and en
joys all rights and privileges, in our Courts
of Justice and in our political institutions, in
common with the most wealthy and power
ful. The despot governs by his will, and
the highest and dearest rights of community
sink before his interest and ambition. Our
government is that of the laws ; none are :t
--bove their influence and power. To you,
Gentlemen of the Graqd Jury, and to the
of our country, we look for the due
execution of the laws. These are made for
thesbenefit of our whole nation, by repre
sentatives elected by the people. On the
moral character of every people dfepend their
happiness. The great securities of our lib
erties and rights is an impartial trial by a Ju
ry of our country, wlrcli the Constitution
guarantees to every ind vidtlal. You Gen
tlemen as the Grand Inquest of the Nation,
will examine into ah cases where a breach
of the laws of the United State 9 has taken
place. This is a high and important duty
which you owe to your country and your
selves. On the due execution of your pow
ers depend the happiness, safety and glriry
of our government. Gentlemen, Treason,
(a rare offence id our country) is a crime of
the deepest dye ; it is defined by our Con
stitution to be an actual levying of war a
gaiust the United States; or in adhering to
the enemies of our country in time of war,
giving them aid and convert. If any such
case shall be known to any two of your bo
dy, or otherwise come to your knowledge,
you are bound to present the same. Mur
der on the high seas, and piracy, are subjects
within your jurisdiction, and it any such case
sexists it will claim your attention. All vio
lations of the Revenue laws of the United
States it is your duty to present. Robberies
committed oil the Post-Offices or Mails.
Counterfeiting the clirrent coin of the Uni.
ted States —Stealing any Record belonging
to the Federal Government, or altering the
same —Forging any Note on the Bank of the
United States or any of its Branches—lssu.
ing any false Certificates for Public Stock
or other securities, belonging to, or con
nected with the interests of the United
States, are all rendered highly penal by the
laws, and properly come under your cotisid
eratiou*. TIiSJ are many other ■subjects
M besides those already mentioned, which may
▼V<le serva y° urnot ' cli ' If y ol ‘should want any
in the progress ofyotir labors, the
Court will give it with pleasure. Gentle
instil, the Floridas, by a strict and impartial
asceotiou of the laws, will soon become an
object of deep interest to every part of the
Union. Its climate and products will invite
a considerable emigration. The order, jus
tice' and regularity of your Territorial Go
vernment, alone can secure and make it per
manent. —On you then, depend in a great
measure, the population, wealth and politi
cal consequence of JEast-FlofVla; and I en
tertain no fears but you will soon acquire by
the conduct of your citizens, that character
and standing in our great Union,' which pat-
and a love ot virtue, and liberty a
Wc a District Court of the United States of
* America, for the District of East-Florida,
I begun and held at tile Government-House,-
S? in the City of St. Augustine, on Wcdhes
f < day the s:li day of December, A. I). 1821.
jjjfc The Grand Jury fbr the District Court of
bL the United States, for the Dis rict of East
hk Florida,.before they retire from the duties
i with which they have been honored, beg
■ leave to present t > his honor Judge Ocvav,
■ their welcome t > this territory, ami to assure
ft him that they with tvlgli felicitate their fei-
Hfclow-citizens, and the territory at large, upon
phis accession to the bench of this Court, c jn-
Sfe vinced that under his administration ot tile
Est. laws of the territory, every right which be-
Plongs to them as citizens of the American
RRemiblic will be secured to tliem.
They pre-ent to in s ho.i u-iblc C >urt the 1
to when this province is
Bpsti&jected in the establishment arttl anntmua-
Ktionofthe Spanish la vs. When it is taken
ft into consideration th* those law, are iocun
■p sistent with the principles and genius of a
Republican G irernm -nt; that ttu v are un
t known, having never b-cn jffiai&y ari .
j mulgated or publish -d with,n this territory.
K And When it is alsi further consul red rhr.;
ft the Spanish population wthin this ter ,t or v
R does not extend tbt- number'd two thousand
} souk, (slaves include 1.) m l that nn nh
, daily decreasing by their renv.va to the Id
and of Cuba, it mi,, be ad m ,e 1 tint every
s ratioualhope Wti.ch may be entertained o;
the early prosperity of this territory, must
be founded upon the population, wealth aitfl
enterprise and industry of the American
States. That population then, whose ear
liest impression. andN'ost cherished ideas o
civil liberty and gojMrument have grown
and matured under lIM influence of Ameri
can institutions, is the population whose
good will is to be conciliated in the forma
tion of any system of laws fob the future
government of this territory. Under these
impressions, the Grand Jury beg leave to
represent that the adoption of the princi
ples of Common ’aw, as they exist m the
several states, will be more congenial to their
feelings and habits, and best calculated to
preserve the blessings of liberty to them
selves and their descendeots.
They farther represent as a greviance,
and as a serious injury to the commerce of
the United States, the situation of the Flori
da Keys ; that harbors colitigious thereto,
have become the resort of Wreckers and
Pirates, and would respectfully suggest to
the general government the propriety ami
utility of stationing a Naval and Military
force in that neighborhood, for the purpose
of suppressing those disorders. *
They also represent the absolute necessi
ty of establishing a Light-House near the
entrance of this port. They are impressed
with the belief that it may be the means of
saving much property, jeopardized for want
of such an establishment.
They also further represent as a griev
ance, that there are no funds in the pro
vince, and no mea:i9 whereby tile expences
of the territoiy can be defrayed. Tbit as
all charges of government were paid from
the Royal Treasury of Spain, there existed
previous to the cession no necessity tor tax
es, and co seqneutly none were laid.
Tins Grand Jury therefore, trusting In the
libfei-ty and wisdom of Congress, hope that a
fund may be placed at the disposal of the
proper (fleers, sufficient to defray all the
expences of the territory.
The Jury request that this honorable
Court will forward this document to the
President of the United Slates, to be laid
before Congress that such measures may be
adopted by that honorable body, as in their
wisdom they may determine <m.
D. COPP, Foreman.
Attest JAMES G. TINGLE, c. i>. c. k. t.
Appointments made by the U. S. Court at St.
GRF.ENBURY A. GARTHER, Esq. At
torney. protean._/ir the United Stahs,
JAMES S. TINGLE, Esq. Clerk of said
AN TONIO GAY, Esq. Translator and In
terpreter for the Court.
The United States sloop of war Hornet
Capt. fh:.VLr, arrived at Pensacola ou tlie
30th ull. having in company as prize, the
armed brig La Centilla, under the Venezue
lian flag, captured on the south side of the
Island of Cuba, where she was negoeiating
the sale of the cargo of toe French brigan
tine Center, consisting of 249 slaves, captur
ed a tew days previous. The La Ceniilta,
has been sent to New-Orleans for adjudica
tion, whither her prize, the Petlsee, has ar
ready arrived. Capt. llknly has obtained
some further information r<-l .rive to a piracy
committed by the schr. .Moscow reee-uly ar
rived at Norfolk, on an English brig lying off
Cumberland Harbor, (Cuba) where the La
CentiUa Was captured.
[ Charleston Ciurier.
We know Lawyers, who would be delight,
fill companions if they did not always talk of
Law—Authors, if they did not always re
publish to you their writings— Mercltarits, if
they did not always speculate about the
market—Painters, if they did not perpetual
ly retouch upon i heir works—Schoolmasters,
if thej did not eternally leaeli us their fine
systems of Education, and Players if they did
not incessantly act of their performances.
Physicians have less of this egotism than oth
er professional characters; probably because
they could not always fi id patients, to atleod
to their cases, and still mure probably be
cause Medicine embraces so many brilliant
and pleasing prospects in its theory. After
all, however, if the questions were put to
the generality oi men, Why do they-detest
vanity in others, their candid answer Would
be, because it shocks their o wn.
Bankrupt Law. —Wells and Lilley an
nounce in the Boston papers that they pur
pose on the Bth instant, to “ publish a letter
to Win. M. Crawford, esq. Secretary of the
Treasury oo the establishment of a uniform
system of Binkruplcy.” The news-paper
press it is well known has long ueen teeming
with argumentative esiays in favour of bank
ruptcy, but they have so fir been still-born,
however cogent, as to their efficacy on the
acts of our legislature. 'The period of the
present session of Congress not being limit
ed ri> any pariicular day it is hoped the bill
may not, on that account receive its quietus.
The seventeenth congress will receive the
gratitude of millions if they supply this hia
tus in our rode of laws as well as in our hu
manity.— Washington City Gazette.
The Philadelphia Franklin Gazette, gives
a long letter from Washingion. On the sub
ject of our ncgociations with the French
Minister on commercial affairs, the writer
“ There is a secret at the bottom of the
Baron’s argument nut generally understood.
’The liiiited States have large demands upon
France, and the French claim under the
Louisiana convention has been got up as a
set-off. Bit i lie Huron will not succeed, not-
M’i'hstanding his perseverance.”
The American minister at London, says
Relf’s Gazette, has complained to the Bri
tish government that dispatches for him had
been se’Zed by officers out of the outports.
In consequence, an order ha, beeais,ued to
remedy tue evil complained of.
A festival in honour of Dr. Jenncr, to
whom the world is so rnirch indebted
sot tiie discovery of vaccination, v,'as
celebrated jn Berlin by a splendid ban
quet, at which many ot she most emin
ent individuals in the kingdom were
present, Pour hundred thousand chil
dren were vaccinated in the’Prussian
dominions during the year 1819.
L beral Com'ruction A jury in the
"fate of New-York have recently de
cided that a man is not a habitual
!r uikard, unless he be drunk “ more
than ha f hit time.”
FRIDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1821~
THE Legislature of this State, ad
journed on Sturdily last—A list of Acts
passed during the Session, will be found
in our columns of to-day.
THE Legislature of South Carolina,
after remaining in Session all the pro
ceeding night, adjourned on Thursday
morning the 2oth inst—'They passed
during their sitting, twenty-seven Ac's.
A Reward of §l3O is offered by the
Executive of this state for the appre
hension of Henry Shepherd, of Bald
win co. charged with the murder of
David Murphey; and a like reward for
the apprehension of lVierridan Brake, of
Madison co. charged with the winder
of Flamstead Borum.
We noticed yesterday, the apprehen
sion of three persons on a charge of
forgery. It appears that the conduct of
these individuals in Charleston had ex
cited the doubts of a gentleman to whom
they had passed a considerable sum, in
that city, who upon enquiry was con
firmed in his suspicions, and came on
express to Savannah for the purpose of
stopping them, fie arrived at the mo
ment when they were about taking their
departure, and secured the whole. They
appear to have carried on the business
on a huge scale, as there was found
upon them no less a sum than about.
20,000 dollars in genuine notes, and
11,000 supposed to be forged. The
latter are of a description to deceive
the best judges, being executed in the
first style. They are principally Inn's
of the Planters’ and Mechanics’ Bank
of Charleston, and Farlner’s Bank of
Virginia, various branches, both of the
plate of Murray, Draper, Fan-man &
Co. lo’s of the Bank of Philadelphia, of
the same plate ; and 100’s of the Bank
of Orleans. Harrison’s plate. A principal
part of the genuine notes are of the
Bank of tile United States.
The renowned Talleyrand de Peri
goi d ; the Arch-Minister of succes
sive Monaivhs, who has passed un
harmed amid the shock of Empires ;
whose policy was always provident, and
whose fortune never deserted him-is
at last dead He died on the 2nth Oc
tober at the advanced hge of 8.1 years.
He was created Cardinal and A.rch
bishod of Paris in 1817.
The public are cautioned in the New
York Daily advertiser against a young
man, pretending to be a printer, who
the Editor of that print declares lias
“ grossly deceived ” this said editor by
his artless falsehoods.
A new system of propelling boats by
steam, has been invented by a person
in New-Bed ford, by which" a boat 20
feet long may be propelled by two men
four miles in twenty minutes ; and it is
thought the plan may be applied to pro
pelling the largest steam.boats with
more velocity and much less power than
is required by the present system.
Mr. Bonpland, the traveller, saw, in
the interior of South-America, an in
ntense plain covered with innumerable
masses of meteoric iron.
On Tuesday the Ist Jan
uary next, at 11 o’clock, a. n. un election
will be held at the I’resby t*H»n Church, for
Trustee* thereof, for the year 1822. The
assessment* for that year, will at the same
time be fixed; and the receipts and dis
bursemeuts for the present year b>- exhibit
ed. Ali persons interested in these trans
actions will please attend.
Chairman, ltd. Tritt. V. C.
December 28. It 52
To the Public.
THE Establishment ofa Missionary Asso
ciation in this City, having been anxiously
desired for some tone past, by many of the
friends of Zion, for the purpose of supplying
the vicinity of this place, and the dcstlle e
parts of this State (as Tar a* they won)-;, be
enabled) with the mi’niftrjftidns of ** ie
pel Several jrf&vMua s have ‘
meet next Satcki,* r owning, ... 7 , , ,
in Mr. Hopkins' School-Knot 1 -’ r -uncle,
pose of forming a Mission '”'l'
which meet,rg alUl,-.. XoUSti,y “
and desirous of car jing tl)e at( , reS4l / ob ;
j. c, in ° efffirv. are respectfully and ear
uc*o} invited '.o aitciul
DsccmU'-f 28, 1321. ’
*** *d new Quarter in Mr.
a,| d Mr*- /f 'arne's school fur Young
Ladies, will commence on Tuesday
the first day of Jnu. Mr*. Waiue’s
undivided attention is givej to (he
scholars during the day. Mr. \V.
uUends particularly to the Latin,
Wriling.and Arulrmetic. Hereafter
be vvi 1 l»e iu seboof from two 10 three
hours only each day— aud the terms
of luiliou be redured
In the first c ass to gls per qr.
to the second do. to 12 do. do.
la the third do. to 9 do. do.
Dec. 28. 52
On FRIDAY, li/fc inA. at 12
o'clock, will be sold before the
A House anil Lot on Broad
Streat, occupied at present by Messrs.
H $ G W ■ bster, nearly opposite
the Planters’ Hotel'
A Mouse and Lot, on the
Sand-Hills, formerly owned by Mr.
i 3© Shares Wharf Stock.
Terms at Bale.
*** The above sale is POST
PONED. until FRIDAY, the tltli
Fraser <v Bmvdre, AneYrs.
December 23 6 2
tty 1. T\\t>m\)son,
Oil THUSIi fT, the. Ist. day of Janu
ary next, will HE SOLI) without
reserve, at the Market-House, in
the City of Augusta, at to o'clock:
2 Prime NEG IU) FE LI ,OW£
good boat hands Terms Cash.
November 13 t 39
*\* dV ire.
JOSEPH BACON, has Formed a
couuectiou in business with Mr.
Abraham Danforth, under the
firmufß VCDN and DAN FOR I H,
they lifter their Services to their
Friends and the Public, in the COM
MISSION LINE, tor the disposal
of Produce, and all kinds of Mer
chandise ; they hive taken a store in
Myers’s Buildii) upper mil Broad-
Street —Also, the extensive WaRE
HOUSE, f.irntevly occupied by .1. S.
Barni-y, fur the reception of Colton,
which will be taken on Very low
terms, and liberal advances made if
lodged for sale.
/ifAT IIIVE OX 11,1X1),
And always keep
—A GENERAL ASSORTMENT OF—
Which drey will sell on moderate
term* fur ('ash.
December 18 ftt 49
AND FOII SALE, HY
DIVIO( K and VI MIS H,
*N\fei 4 c\vAnt Taylors,
0 CASES Gentlemen's Cloth
Comprising sup. fine black & blue
Waterloo if. FIU)CK COATS,
of various color*,
Cloaks, Lioriskin Big Coats, Pantu
Vests, Netting and Fianuul Drawers
Shirts & Children’s Dresden, dee. Bte.
One Case real superfine black
and blue Broadcloths and l.atsi
December 14 48
Sugar, Uofftie, Wine,
Hlulfi. prime Muscovado S a.
B Pipes L. P. I*. Madeira W'.ne.
15 Qr. Casks do.
3 2 Half qr. Casks do.
75 Bags Coffee, *
17 Bids, fresh soft Shell A | tnon( |, (
50,000 Superior Segars, in
Boxes contain 100 e *eh,
7 Pipes and 7 quar (er Casks Corsica
for s ale by
John Kinney, jr.
-Krvv/.ir & ttennociv,
P dVe received by late arrivals, an ex
srrei.r ok heahosahlk
I heir assortmeut is now very eoin
pleto, and tiiey offer the whole to
Country Merchants on the most ac
U3l) 2) Buslicl* All inn Sait,
Low fur Cash only, by
December 7 at 43
j 0- VV AN I’Ell.— To hire or
purchase, a NEGRO WOMAN, a
good Cook Washer aud Ironer also
a Waiting Boy, who understands tk
common duty of a Family Euuuir*
i at this Office.
! December 18 8t 49
Tlfty TVoWors "Reward.
S i 01. KN from t lif Store of Messrs. Lit
lam ami Mills last evening-, between the
hours of S ami 9 o'clock, twenty gentlemen’*
black, and five blue Dress Coats. Any per
son giving information and obtaining tbe
said Hoods, shall receive the above reward.
KILL AM & HILLS'.
December, 28, 1821,
lirHiL commence to run on
T ? Thursday, ihe toth of Janua
ry next, and continue three day*, free
foi any horse, marg, or gelding what
soever ; and the purse will be dis
posed of in the following manner :
Ist day, 3 miles heats, for a purse of g'2oo
2d day, 2 miles lieftts, for 150
oil days, mile heats, tor all entrance money
By order of the chib.
Proprietor of the tuitl TvrJ,
December 28 ot* 52
MvoW-jUV to Juv\
3 N Burke County, a Negro Fellow,
who says his name is I)AVJJ) „ r
UAVKV, au African hy birth, speaks
hatl English and scarcely cun be un
derstood says his master’s name is J.
M'Kiime, living in South-Carolina."
He appears to be about +o or Go year#
of age, and is about five feet 8 ur io
inches in height.
N. VV. Blount, S. U. C.
December 23 r ot
Jhll be leaned at Auction to the high
est bidder, on ike premises, for a
term of years, on Sjt TUJtIJ.i V the
btlt January next, at 12 o’clock:—
All tint L() re? belonging to
the eslale oflhe late JoVin Mi]ledge
situated at Ihe U|iper end of Urott(l- ,
Sliect. Icims on the day of leasing.
T. H. Lamar, Attorney,
In foci, for
Ann Milledge. Exe’trixof
December 20 3t m
Wilt be sold on the fir-1 dm, of .lamia
rynext. at the Market-/louse, in
the City of Augusta :
I lit'. Land belonging to the
C hildren oi Snniurl litigg, deceased,
vils. The Plantation on Savannah
river, and the place where 1 now live,
and at the slittle lime nod place, will
he hired Sundry NEGROES, be
longing to said Children. Persons
Hut hired the present year, will de
liver the Negroes tt l the Market-
House, on the day above mentioned,
clothed agreeable to contract.
A. Kennedy, Guardian.
December 23 3t gj
WILL HE SOLD
OX the first Tuesday in February
next, at the Court-Mouse in the
town of Wayneeborongh, llurke.
counts,, witlun the usual sale, hours :
Two Negroes, Bo.dc and Jim,
levied on as the prnpr. rly „ r p t , ter j
Hoohling, to satislV He nry Gilstrau
and others, returned to me bv a ed
20° acrey of i an( | undivided,
adjoining ()f ( ~| Hr| e ( R
egmith, le* ied on a* the properly
of Jam ||. Milhn, to satisfy an ex
ecutio ~ i„ favour of Jesse Giegory.
/ I .t acres oi Oak anti Hickory
»•»'*, adjoining the lands of Warren
Ureen and others, levied on as the
property of Bryant Ohunioa, adm’r.
debouis non, on (he estate of Sum
tier Green dec’d. to satisfy an exe
cution h ','avour of the executors of
Matthew Green, dec’d.
S. \V. Blount, S. li. C.
December 23. 51
GEORGIA, Richmond county,
by Isaac llunimii-r, Clerk'of the
Court of Ordinary of Richmond
1o all whom it may concern.
WHEREAS Alexander Muthe
son, as Administrator on the
estates of Duncan M itheson, & Mer
dock Mntheson, boih dcccused, hat
applied for Letters Dismissory.
Now therefore, these are lo cite and
admonish all and singular the kin
dred and creditors of both the de
ceased, to file their objections (if any
they have) in my office on or before
the lii st Monday in July next, other
wise Letters Dismissorv «ill be grunt
ed to him.
Giicji under my hand and seal of
office, iu the City of Augo.ta,
this 14-th day of Dee ember, 1821.
<,UI Isaac Herbert, 677 c.
of t/>« Court if Ordinary.
ALL persons indebted to tv*
• ate of J. Mercer, lute of Weifv
en county, deceased, are r< (pa sted
to e,ohim forward and m;ike immediate
payment, and all those to whom the
estate is indebted, are solicited to
render iu their accounts, properly at
tested, as the law directs, to
(<eo. H. Matter, .idm’r.
Bc> iren county, Die. 10, 183 i,