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The Augusta herald. (Augusta, Ga.) 1890-1908, November 13, 1898, Image 16

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, , *W.L PLATT, fUn«i»r. H. I» PHjCMIiR. imrtury »»d Tree»ur»r - • * » The Very Latest "Styles are Here. Our Stock Is the Largest, the Newest and the Most Artistic Ever Seen in the South. FRESH ARRIVALS DAILY FROM THE LARGEST MANUFACTURERS OF FURNITURE IN THE WORLD OUR PRICES ARE LOWER BECAUSE WE PAY CASH FOE EVERYTHING WE BUY. Parlor, Chamber and Dining Room Suits. «■ , anrl Mitro!lanf»ou« Furniture. Bod*. Droftnors. Choffor.ior*. Choval Giotto*. Dressing Table*. Scro«*ns, Costume* and E."! ".ton and Break last Table*. Side Table.. Cabinet*. Book Case*. Chair.. Library and Center Tables Lad.e.' Wr,tin« Desks. Tables. Sideboards^.!. -.on al» Mu ., L and Parlor Cabinet., Art Stand., Parlor Table* together with many other useful and handsome p,ec„. of Fu'rn^r 0 . of*Boy.l tC'ign. O.d Colonial. Sheraton. Chippendale. Elizabethan. Lou,. XV. Loui. XVI. Empire and othara. True atyle co.t no mor. than Furnituro with no stylo. • USE os _. „ . Fv „ m , dl . White Mahogany or Prima Vera. Black Walnut Curly Birch. Quarter Sawed Oak. Vermilion and Satm Woods. "fin. Hand Carving. Dainty Marqu.tryin Metai.. Mother of Pear,. White Holly Tulip. Satin and Ro.ewood. Onyx. Cut Class. Bras, and Cold Trimmings-by which we shall demonstrate that the Cheapest as well as the Choicest stock Is that of Augusta House Furnishing Co. 836 Broad Street. TAXATION iN GEORGIA Where the Real Fault is Said to Now Lie. Co«ii»;rollff. Wright Is »Ctllfd to (h«n»e His Plan. Th# plan propp'd by Comptroller Gcnrrrl Wright to ra'se revenue la not ca» which. in cut opinion, would great iy a*a.M th- utatc In gelling out or bar! dim .Tilth’'. The plan la It c in,i I Ito il. ra of securities of all kind* to reglater then, with «h# ortll nr t!e« or county rotam sston.-n of «h*!l recpctiv# nmatlm. giving their u ; rkoi ru<l Ibetr fare vnluaa. and making Hum non-roll actable tbrooKb the rrAir.a unless returned fur taxa tion No doubt a great <l»al of per gonal property of one kind and nnothet subject to taxation under the ruling* of the court*, bow e arc Tea the tax bur- A» u, b> i the amount l« act rearly *o great aa the eimptrollar geneva! tblnke It U. If all cf It were to lie put cn the tax recatver'a book#. the Increaaa la the ttr'c'a Income would not be any where near sufficient to meet the aluu's nted*. And what would happtu If the pro- ; pm'Hi plan want adopted? '>Vkat ha» happened In reaped to the debenture* of the Atlanta and West Point rail road? Until recently three aaeurltlea wart? regarded a* exempt from taxa tion. When It waa ordered that they ; be taxed, the holdere began to sell them It la ante to Bay that within a year or two few. If any. of them will l»e held In the stale. What 1* happening In reat.eet to there debenture* would happen In reaped to about all other kinds of securities. They would be gold out of the state. First class bonds now pay ottl.v on average of 4 per cent. The stale* Sty per cent bends are selling for consid erably above pur. Five per cent rail road bonds of the second clasa do not commend ahywhere near par. In the c'tles, particularly this city, the rate of taxe.tlor I* over per cent A juki who holds 4 per cent bonds ha* to glee more than half of his income from them for taxes. In fact, the hold er;- cf 5 per cent bonds have to give tl-: larger half of their Income to the ft-'e. lives the comptroller general think 1 possible l<* devise a plan that would make all the holders of securi ties give up the greater pad of their Income for taxes? Is It right that so grew! a part of a person * Income should tie taken for that purpose? \nd it most no< he forgotten that Im. trmttoa of land* and Mortgage* end moat other kind* of aecurUlca l» j | .ju.ibie taxation. It* at estate la tnaed al |ta market valfue- No allowance l» . | made for the mortgage that may en- I '.-umber It Aad then the moil gag* la taxed That la double taxation. The anme t» true la reapac* to railroad# , The roada are lut'i '• aarb ronnty lor I atat*. eauaty #od. where they rater cities municipal purtsum* And yei ithe bond* of th* roada. which repre sent the value of the road*, are also taxed. In moat state* where bonds and mortgagee are taxed real estate I* taxed only to the extent that II I* hot eon mb. red In ether atatea. I*enn »)i\.nU fc- Instance, the tax on bend* i nd mart rage* I* very light. Ou bend*, taertgage* and money In the state m Hie tax rate la only one-fourth of one per rent. That I* the kind of miction th* framer* of ihe constitu tion Intended to have In thl* *t»te. If that Intention were carried out It I* certain that Ihe stale would be l.enefl - ied In many way* Securtle* would he mere generally held In the state, and would he given In freely for taxation. The comptroller would not be talking of a draatlc plan for reaching securi ties taxation which are supposed to he bld.ten from the tax receiver. Would It net Im> well for the number* of the legislature to study the tox law* of some of the other states before un- I'-rt ..king to reform the tax laws of this state? Thr legislature has a difficult prob lem to solve In the state’s flnatulal af fair* The legislature that passed the lsw pensioning Confederate veteran* mid the widows of veterans acted with out kncwlitlßi' of Gie extort of th ‘ burden it was putting upon the stale. If li had known how grrat an upprt prlation It would require annually to pry the pensions It would have hesi tated a long time before passing the ■ pension bill In the shape In which it was passed. But. as a matter of fact, arc thno noi many on the pension roll who are net entitled to he there? Has the rare been exerclred In examining applicants lor pensions there should have been .’ It is not difficult to find those who think there has been great careless ness. or e'se favoritism. Would it not be well for the legislature to look into thl# matter? An Investigation might show that there Is no need for pension*, ns some cf the mem bers of the legislature propose It would be aiffictm. of course, to get at the truth in respect to penslonets. but ths truth eau be bad, and it ought to be Usd In Justice to those really de serving pensions. \ni> what does the legislature pro pose to do ill respect to equalising ti»X- THJ) Jk. T7QT7ST-A. BTTNDAT HBIHALn atloa? )v. * M not know that more (baa bat.*-—yaa. more ibaa two-third* of the count lea dra* more nat of the treasury than they pay into It? Why la this? I* K not bemuse the valua tion la these routine# which do not hrlp to support the atate are only a flic ka of what they ought to be? If property were laird at alsiut Its mar ket value Ik all parts of (he state the present dfflculiy fa the plate# finan cial affairs might not exist. The member* of the leglalature might aa well make up their inlads to one thing, and that la that the people are not going lo la #att*4l»d wlih any tax reform la* that saddle* the whole burden of supporting the atate upon about forty of the 127 countie*. If the tax receiver* refo*« to value property at eomewhere near It# true value In the counties which are now a drag on the treasury. It Is the duly of the leg islature to find a wav to have property In thrar counties valued as It should be There can be no tax reform that permits property to he valued at about one-fourth of It* market value In Ihrce-fourth* of the countlea while It Is valued at about It* real value In the other fourth. —Savannah New*. HOW DOGS ARC “FAKED.” Cruel Methods Adopted to .Make Pet Animals Conform to Fashion. Time waa when tlog shows were as sociated with beer and the churchward en pipe in an east end or wayside pub lic house, when the owner of a cham pion bulldog fed his pet on a pound of rump steak and let hi* family starve upon a crust. The dog. too, *ot all the kicks. In our days we have changed nil that. The old-time dog show still ob tains, and you may occasionally see it advertised In Ihe sporting papers, but there are two powerful aascoclations who each In their way. with wealthy purses, have Improved the lot of the n'odern day dog and given him a so cial status. But with all the power of these two associations ngalnpt them, the tricks and dodges of the dog fakirs of old still obtain. They have simply changed their eoats. The dog fakir of the past, to get a very small breed of pet dogs, kept the lungs cf the animal closed by onra preseion in puppyhcod, and by plug ging the .nostrils at stated time* stopped a proper system of respira tion. The modern fakir takes the rel ics of the older days and Inbreed* from the smallest type cf do*, and regulates thy feeding of his animals. To moke the eyes of toy spaniels large, bulgy, and round, and the coats o rich color, the animals were kepi a moat the beer' barrels in the public hoc** cellar* ta pwrp* trial dacha** l while lb* spaniel imp* wrrr helped’ la th* matter of becoming very abort nosed by hating (he bon** surrtuad ung the nose pressed 4o the heal while th> v were la a soft and tinder rartllag* slat*. Tr<tal th*a* method* are pot ao —-rrvy for a long roura* of "fak ing" through many geiyrat on* has at last pudweed the malformation a* a permanent type, hut la the spaniel sad many cAha* breed* of dog* the tjpa at riven hw I* Mill “Mp 4." When th* moilern bulldog Is rho**u from a litter of pupa, lb* loose#® skinned «* marked nut to work upon, and then, to put U httodly. “the fua begin*.” A* the pup g*4* along In Ilf* he I* atrbmlttrd to a process of skin-’ pulltag twitll hi* head la one mass of wrinkled *ktn and hanging rolla of fur. Painless, of course, but still Ul* "faking.” The more unscrupulous give an ar tificial kink to the puppy’s tall by breaking the vertebra where nature he* forgotten to do It. and pulling the foreleg* out at elbow to give breadth of chest and genera! all-round loose ness of appearance; but this 1* con fined to few. Bloodhound*, too. and pug* both have to be "helped” at time*. If na ture doc* not conform to the fashion. lAndsfcr’* lovely big-eyed bloodhound In h : » picture, "Dignity and Impu dence," In not to the tuele of modern connoisseurs. He must be padded with roll upon roll of loos# akin; his ear* must hung low down, and the eye* be all Hnt sightless, hidden Sway, a* they tire, In overhanging brow*n. Mon* people will notice how beauti fully the highly bred rcllie drops hi* car* over. Well, there are dog fakirs, who keep In the dark, who, if they happen to possess a good pup whose cars are too strong, run a needle through the ear under the skin, and keep the head in splints, aa 14 were, for some time, until the ear* drop. Other methods are followed to weak en the nerve# of the ears. Sometimes a drop of acid 1* put on the nerve, and the ears are pulled and flaps of weight ed wood are fastened to them. Other ways of faking dug* include the pulling out of white hairs and the dyeing of patches of white fur too big to be pultfd out. Cropping and dock ing still flourish openly, although the kennel club rules are framed to stop all faking. It Is left, however, for woman to do u great work, in ktamplug t out the art* and dodge* of a bygone, unenlightened time, and Hi the Ladles’ Kennel Asso ciation we paasess a power for good which will ultimately effect a great purpose In doing away wph nil fakes and fa* of dog dealer*. , LOUS WAIN. THE BIRTH OP AN ISLAND A Strange Phenome non at Sea. —r— The E,\pfriffice of a Slip »nd Her Cirv. From tb* New York Herald. ; Philadelphia. Pa.. Nov. T.—Aa Island arna upbeaved on th* night of Sept. IS. In the southern part of the Indian ocean, according to the captain aud rrew of the British steamer Breeon •hlre. which has arrived here from Java with a cargo cf sugar. The man on the outlook, according to the captain, about 4 o'clork in the efternoon cf Bept 15. saw a cloud loom lug up directly ahead. The cloud spread until the entire horixoa ahead was obscured by a wall of vapor. Into which the captain did not dare to en ter until the next morning, when he would have fourteen hours of daylight ahead of him. The at earner hove to and the sailors terrified by the unusual vapor waited anxiously for th# next day to rome. Th# moon came up, and by Its light the sea waa seen to be smooth a# glass. Shortly after 10 o'clock that night a booming sound was heard aliout ten mile# to the northward. At the same moment, borne upon the bosom of au immense wave, the Breconshire mounted vertically to a point at least, twenty-five feet above her former position on the ocean bed, and to the accompaniment of an im mense upheaval of water an Island appeared to leeward, where all pre viously had been but the sea and sky. The suddenness of the event almost deprived the crew of their Brest, but they had little time to comment on the phenomenon, being obliged to look to the safety of the vessel. It was many anxious moments before that safety was assured, but apparently as though nature had exhausted herself, the sea in n few moments, returned again to Its wonted tranquility and the loom ing clouds of vaprr disappeared. When day downed a clear view was afforded of the island, nod its volcanic origin was clearly established. It con sisted of vertical columns of hard min eral arranged with wonderful geomet rical exactitude resembling very strongly the pictures of the famous Giant's Causeway. It was found to be only a small Island, possibly not more than one-quarter of a mile In oireum ferovtco. ,»nd nt It* highest point no! [at a greater altitude than too feet. In .all probability the near Island has been la formation for many years below the surface, and only by aa upheaval of i extraordinary intensity did H emerge ! above the surface. THE CIGARS OF MANILA. Now Much Better Than Those Ameri cana Used to saiok«. Manila Correspondence Chicago later * Oceaa. Cigars and cigarettes are remarka bly cheap, even In Ihe face of the eco nomic condition* that exist In the east. The cheapest cigar* are aold for $lO per I.uOO, and the most expensive for SIOO per 1,046. Reduce that to a gold baala, and yon find yourself won dering how they ran be made for the money. The cigarettes arc even cheap er. The cheapeat grades retail for 114 and 2V4 cents Mexican per package of twenty-four and thirty rigarette*. and , the grade# in most common use sell at the factory for S2O Mexican, or $9.50 gold, per 1,000 packages of twraty-four and thirty cigarettes each. The best cigars can be bought at retail at the cigar stands for 5 and 10 cents Mexi can. and It Is recorded that in the days of Ihe monopoly a very fair cigar, as Manila cigars go. could be bought for t and 2 cents Mexican. The genuine Manila cigar of today I* net known In the United State#, and if ever It finds its way there It will at once spring Into Immense popularity. The old Ma nila (Igar. short and stubby, cr cone shaped. la rapidly passing, and In Its place modern cigars are being made. All of the modem shapes in vogue in Europe and America have been Intro duced since the monopoly ceased to exist, and anything that pleases the fancy may be had at the kiosks of Ma nila. The modern cigar m«de of the best Cagayan or Isabel tobacco, is not as goed as the Cuban product, but it will bear fair comparison with It, and is certainly the superior of scores of the domestic brands sold in the United Slates. The tobacco Is milder, and there is no flavoring Introduced Into it nor any chemical process resorted to In treating it. There are 15,000 Americans In Mani la now. and they take very kindly to 1 the better grades of Manila cigars, and t reP ]y predict a revolution In the cigar : industry in the United States in the event of the annexation cf Luzon or the Philippine group. The cigarettes at e also made of pure tobacco. The en tire industry has suffered on account of the inferior grades that are shipped i from here, and Manila cigars have been j unfairly condmned. The average small native planter grows no more tobacco and does no nor# work than t* ibtolowlf bw#* nrv to #irn t livinf Hr plants In November and gamers la Mareh. and In the interim raise# what mat** he weed* for bis house and farm. Ha list no oiher rare#, and borrows sour. He pickets the market price *ti* th* buyer srrltra*. and It keep# him until he reot-r again. He has to sort hla Haves Into five aitea and bundle them Into manor, each of which contains 100 leaves, an-l there rod hie troubles. There are right targe, and between fif ty and oar hundred atnall factories in Manila, and the former employ from 400 to 2.000 operatives each. In the marnfaetcre of the better gradea of i eigara men end boy* *r# employed al mnet exclusively while on the rbeaper cigar* and cigarette# woaMSi are more grnerrlly employed. The former are. as a rule, paid on the piece system, while the latter are often contracted for In gangs and answer to their em plryers only through the sub-contrac tor. Wage# vary, not only as to the of ihe cigars made, but aa to the skill of the operatives, and there la a wide range in pay. Expert rlgar makers In the larger factories can earn $1 In Mexican, or 45 cents on the gold basis, but the average is nearer to 76 cent# Mexican, and among th# children and less expert operative* wneee range down to 20 and 30 cents Mexican per day. The Kaiser's Big Soldiers. From the London Chronicle "The tallest man In hla army." who t« accompanying the German Emperor Hi his visit to the East, is a grenadier named Chlemke. who Is nearly 6 feet 10 Inches In hi* stockings This Fred erick William mania of the kaiser's I# an old device cf his for impressing the foreigner. On returning from his visit to Constantinople in 1889 the emperor sent the Sultan a complete set of kettle drums, which he Intrusted to the tall est officer in the army. Lieut. Pies kow. who is very little. If at all. under 7 feet Once, ludeed, when this Prus sian guardsman looked over a seven foot garden wall and asked a girl pick ing gooaeberrles therein what was the way to so-and-so. the simple maiden told him to ride first to the right and then to the left, and he would find the he wanted. The nymph had hon estly fancied that an officer* overpeer tng her garden wall like that must nec essarily be on horseback. The Jonesboro Enterprise notes that the Australian ballot seems to be working all right in several other states and calls for It for Georgia. When -rgland and France and Rus sia go to war, wheat will get a regular Loiter boom.