An appeal in bekalf oC Public
" < Education.
The'following should be read by every
parent ini the state.. • It is a most graphic
portrayal of the condition of (be uneduca
ted: • ■ •*
“Did you ever sec that ragged little
siragglcrl” “Yes, God help linn,” said
ray companion. “God help him l” With
such cosy adjuration do we leave thousands
and tens of thousands of human souls to
want and ignorance, doom them while
yet walking the path of guiltlessness to
future.de vils—their own unguided passions.
Wo make them outcasts, wretches; and
then punish in their wickedness, our own
selfishness—our own neglect. We cry,
“ God help the boy,” and bang the man.
Yet a moment. The child is still before
us. Can we not see around it—contend
ing for it—the principles of good and evil ?
A contest between the angels and the
fiends I Conic hither statesmen: you who
live within o party circle: yon who nightly
fight some miserable fight: continually
strive in some selfish struggle for power and
place, considering men only as tools, the
merest instruments of your aggrandize
ment, come here, in the filthy street, and
look upon God’s image in its boyhood 1
Consider I his little man. Arc not creatures
such as these the noblest, grandest tilings
of earth ? Have they not solemn natures
—are they not subtly touched for the high
est purposes of human life? Come they
not into tliis world to grace and dignify it?
There is no spot, no coarser stuff in the
pauper .flesh before you that indicates a
tower nature. There is no felon mark up
on—no natural formation indicating the
thief in itstiny fingers—no inevitable blas
phemy Written upon its lips. It lies lieforc
vott a fair unsullied tiling, fresh from the
hand of God. Will you, without an effort,
let the grand fiend stamp' his fiery brand
upon it! Shall it, in its innocence, he made
a trading tiling by iniscty and vice? A
creature driven from street to street, a piece
of living merchandise for mingled beggary
and crime ? Say: what widths awaken
ing soul, shall it learn ? What lessons
Whereby to pass through life, making nn
item in the social suin'} Why, cuniiing
will be its wisdom; hypocrisy its truth;
theft its natural law of self preservation.
To this child, so nurtured, so taught, your
whole code of morals, nay your brief right
and wrong, are writ in stranger figures than
Egyptian hieroglyphics, ana—time passes
—and you scourge the creature never
taught, for heinous guilt of knowing naught
but ill 1- The good has been a sealed book
to him; and the dunce is punished with
the'jail. Doubtless there arc great states
men ; wizzards in bullion and hank paper;
thinkers profound in cotton, and every turn
and variation of the markets, abroad and
at home. Hut there are statesmen yet to
come, statesmen of nobler aims—of’more
•heroic action: teachers of the people, vin
dicators of the universal dignity of man ;
apostles of the great social truth that
knowledge, which is the spiritual light of
God, like his material light, was made to
bless and comfort' nil men. And w hen
these men arise—and it is worse than weak,
it is sinful to despair of them—the young
ling poor will not be bound upon the very
tbreslthold of human life, and made, per
force, by want and ignorance, life’s shame
and curse. There is not a babe lying in
the public street on its mother’s lap—the
unconscious' mendicant to ripen into the
criminal—that is not a reproach to the
state ; a scandal and a crying shame upon
men who study all politics save the politics
of the human heart.—Literary Messenger.
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 4, 1845.
The Sheriff's Sales ol Early County will hereaf
ter be published in the “ Aldasy Patriot.”
JOSEPH COLLIER, Sheriff.
May 28th, 1845.
Owing to our necessary absence last
week, several ‘typographical’ errors occur
red in our last number, which wc here cor
rect. In the article “Ocqrolgcc and Flint
Rail Road,” 2d paragraph, Dili line, in
stead of “that particular- regird for our
well-doing,” read, that ptitemal regard for
our well-doing, in the article headed
“Early and Laker Senatorial Convention,”
2d paragraph, Cth line, instead of “which
ravishes the favors of government,” read,
which lavishes the favors of government.
In the 3d paragraph, 5th line, instead of
"freely expressed,” read, fairly expressed.
In the 4th paragraph, lot line, instead ef
“exultation,” read, exaltation, in the some
paragraph, Sd line, instead of "love,” read,
lucre. In the article, “ The Pine Forest on
Fire,” the 3d line from the end of the 4th
paragraph, instead of “ The scene,” read,
and the scene. In the article “Democrat
ic Meeting in Sumter,” 5lb paragraph, 4tli
line, instead of “in the Albany Patriot,”
read, and published in the Albany Patriot.
compromisinglopponcnt of the annexation
of Texas. Hie opposed the measure in the
last Senate of the United States, and,
should he bhfJ an opportunity, lie is pledg
ed to oppose ;|1 when it shall again go be
fore that body forits final uction.
Again, Mr. Beriienj in his northern poli
tical speeches duriag the Presidential can
vass is reported to have said 1 , and we have
not seen it. denied, that he was in favoc of
a tariff for Protection, not incidental, but
Protection for the sake of Protection.”
Nov, we ask in candor, does net Mr. Ber
rien misrepresent the people of Georgia
upon these important subjects ? Arc not
nine tenths of the voters of Georgia, in
favor of the Annexation of Texas, and
opposed to the anti-republican doctrine of
taxing the many for the avowed purpose of
protecting the few }
Foreign -Intelligence. | The loss of property, in buildings, gowk.
The -Steam Ship Briltanin arrived at furniture, Stc. wasiseveral thousand doilar*,
Boston on the 22nd ult., bringing European a P arl on ^ was en *ured.
intelligence to the 4th. ! * “ Se '5 ral Jbe vicinity of tb c
Wo e rt„, te W,ow tog _ ? turn
oar New York exchanges. or packed tip ready to move. ‘ A nuiut*!
Colton bad advanced from | to f d per of bouses were in imminent danger, and
lb., with a firm and animated market, were only prevented from taking fire |,y
which is attributed to the apprehension of ?*’ c ac, * v 5i exertions of the firemen and ch.
• ... . ..... mT .. , , tzens—others at a considerable dutanr.
difficulties with the United States. t from the scene ol the cpnfiugration u lr !
The sales of the week, ending April 25, ignited by sparks and were only saved In
were 72,450, including C5,080 American ;, the-watcbfulncss of the occupants. Had it
and for the week ending May 2, 51,220, not been for the brick buildings ndjacen*
including 45,580 American. |£™ a “™.. an ! 1 L . , _ ho ^ e nca ^- v
The slock in Liverpool is estimated at fh^flam^wolddhave b£eJ a7eM?d
/ll (MIA Itnlno nrrnincl Alt! I nt RfllfiP f U: A _ • * 1
831,000 bales, against 654,500 at same, fact in our opinion saved the city front one
dates ta 1844. | of the most destructive conflagration- will!
Quotations at Liverpool, May 3d, were. I yhich we bave beenyisited since the gi tat
Uplands, 3it P 5d. ; Orleans, 3* to 7Jd; firC of . ,8 *°- H<W ,m P‘ ,rlnnl * “
Mr. Berrien’s Senatorial term will expire
before the next session of the Legislature,
and it will be the duty of that body to
elect a U. S. Senator, to represent the peo
ple of Gcorgiaupon the question of ratify
ing or rejecting the measure, for Annexing
Texas, and upon a revision of the Tariff.
If the Whig Party should have a majority
in the next Legislature, will they re-elect
Mr. Berrien, and thus continue to misrepre
sent the interests of the State, and the
known will of her citizens ?
Will some of the knowing, ones of the
Whig press, give us a candid answer.
Mobile, 45 to 5jd—extremes.
The spinners are heavily stocked' with
cotton, and their trade ver^ prosperous.
The market for American provisions is
firm,, and prices advancing.
money plenty at a low rate of interest.
TTf’A. large silver mine has been discov-
ccrd on New River, in Grayson county, Va.
F5*A rich Coal mine has recently been
discovered in Troup Co. Ga.
New England .School*.
A writer in a Southern paper, thus des
cribes the Free Schools of New England :
“The poorest boy in the free schools
•feels os high and as proud as the son of the
richest. ■ ‘ You do not -mean,’ said Governor
Barbour of Virginia, afior visiting the su
perb free school at Boston, which he ad
mired very much, ‘that these schools are
freo ?’ ‘Indeed Ido,* said the committee
man.- * You remember the boy that got
the medal in -the class wo have just exam
ined,’ and the boy that lost it } ‘The first is
tho son of that woodsawyer there, (point
ing to a man who was sawing wood in the
street) and the second is the son of John
Q. Adams, the President of tho United
States.’ The Virginian started in astonish
ment at a spectacle like this, and no longer
wondered at the prosperity of New Eng
Emigration to America.—Our advices
from various ports from which emigrants
depart, state that emigration to Canada
and the United States is going on to a lar
ger extent than ever before known. From
Germany also it is equally large ; 200 pas
sengers had just arrived at Havre from Rot
tcruam, on tneir way to the 'Western World.
It is to bo regretted; that the authorities in
New York, Boston, <$-c. do not establish
protective societies, not in name hut in
spirit, and secure the poor emigrant from
'tnc robbery and plunder to which he is sub
jected by the sharks who arc allowed to
.hoard the ships on their arrival at their dcs-
'tined port. 1 ...
The Question of War.
The war spirit in England has abated
somewhat of its wrath, though the London
Times and other papers continue to exer
cise all their influence to keep it alive by
misstating the.facts relative to the British
and American title to Oregon, by uttering
affected sympathy for Mexico, by denounc
ing “the eager gain seeking and roving
population of the Western Slates of the
Union,” and by flattering Texas with indc-
petulance, and a position to form “the Key
Stone of the Arch between the United
States and Mexico on the one hand, and
between (lie Maratimc interests of European
and of American Nations on the other!”
But the war spirit flags notwithstanding.
The people of Great Britain are not
united people” upon this subject;. they
arc now thinking of the matter, and reflec
tion is opening their eyes to their own in
terests, and to the rights of- the United
States. The Muynootli -bribe to Ireland
for her co-operation in a war against the
United Slates is accepted by O’Connell,
with, probably, a handsome amount of
“secret service money,” but Ireland reject*
it with scorn, if wc may judge front her in
dependent Journals. They concede our
title to Oregon, admit our right to annex
Texas, and warn the British Government
against a war with the United States for
such a cause.
The Canadians are with us in feeling.
They arc' opposed to' being driven into a
war with the United States to sustain the
selfish and grasping policy of England, in
her designs upon the rights of the Western
World; and it requires no spirit of prophe
cy to foretell that a war based upon the
question r.ow in issue, would add the Cana
das to the American Union.
The people of England, (to say nothing
of the British 'Empire) are not a “united
people” upon this subject. Her commer
cial, manufacturing and other industrial
population are opposed to a war, as a mea
sure destructive to their best interests.—
The thinking mass of her subjects, already
groaning under taxation to pay the expen
ses of Government in time of Peace, and
the interest on her National Debt, are op
posed to its being increased to support an
unjust war for territorial acquisition, or even
to force Texas into an indcpcndance which
would deprive her of the right of associat
ing herself with our Union for the purpose
of promoting her security and happiness.
But the British Government will decide
this question as they decide all others of
the same nature. Will war increase the
power of the British Crown and advance it
another step towards universal dominion}
If so, then, must British subjects and de
pendants through the world bow their necks
and open their pockets and spill their blood
Prospects of crops—the River.
Notwithstanding the long continued
drought which we have experienced, we
understand from the Planters in our vicini
ty, that the crops have suffered but little
or no injury, 'nnd will yield an average
harvest, should, the'season now prove fa
The Flint River is as low as at any time
during the past summer, notwithstanding
witich, our boating men are now carrying
off our coMon in light Boxes, carrying from
150 to 200 bales each. This course would
have been adopted earlier in the season,
but for. the fact that large boxes, capable
of carrying from 400 to 700 bates each had
been prepared, and rfiany of them laden,
awaiting a swell in the Rirer. We predict
that cotton will be shipped regularly thro’
the next season, without regard to the
state of the river. The interest of all con
cerned will bo promoted by an arrangement
for that purpose, and experience lias now
proved that it, is practicable.
If our neighbor of tho “Courier,”
will look over our article, written in answer
to the “ Commercial Advertiser,” he will
find that instead of “disputing about the
relative advantages that would be derived
from the completion of the Rail Road, and
the improvement of the navigation of the
River,” wc expressly decline making any
comparison of the relative value of the Sa
vonnah and Apalachicola markets—we
say nothing'of the relative advantages of
the Rail Road and River, but express our
anxiety to hny^ both markets open to our
trade, by clearing the river of obstructions,
and completing-, the Ocmidgcc and Flint
Rail Rond. We believe that (he accom
plishment bf'tliesse two objects, will not
only be beneficial to this section of country
and Savannah; but would add to, instead of
diminishing, the trade of Apalachicola,
Naval force of Great Britain.-*-Accor
ding to the official returns of the Lords of
the Admiralty, the Naval force of Great
^Britain consists of680 ships of wArj enrry-
ing ftoni one to one hundred and twenty
gupse&ch. Of this number there are 125 ar-
,med eteara vessels, constructed on the most
.approved.principles. This immense fleet
r cmploy* iti the tithe of-'peace 23,001) able
.bodied seamen, 3000 stout lads, and 94
companies pf Royal Marines.
egret to’state that the small pox is
“ = "in this" City. ‘ 1 A few' victims
dy /alien, and in close and un-
ippy spread Maradngly.
d young wc say—‘Get vaccmated
„ Tnc preventive is simple and we
believe efficacious.—N. T. Sun.
which Governments are constituted; a.day
ofvengeance is not far distant wbon tyranny
shall not ride upon-the necks of the peopfo,
nor longer fatten upon the bread of the
storyirig poor. To titc “Mistress of the
Ocean,” her “on whoso dominions the sun
never sets,” that day Will have commenced
in the dismemberment of her empire^-and
the decline 6f her power when she shall
again provoke war with the United Slates.
. Senator Berrien. HfU.1
Since I84D this* gentleman’s political
course has been utterly repugnant to some
of the mostimporthnt interests of the Sooth,
and his. opinions at variance with ia large
majority of Southern me n. " Ho isanun-
important is it Thee,
that the authorities should prevent woodcii
buildings (we care not of what size,) from
being erected any where near the centre of
the city. The cost between wood and
brick is now comparatively trifling, and wc
do hope this matter will receive that alien.
... . . . . , , tion to which it is entitled. Every holder
AH departments of trade arc active, and • of real estate, and in fact every citizen who
The number of steerage passengers arri
ved at New. York on ‘he 18th and 19th
ult., was 1600
has an interest in the prosperity ol the citv
is interested in the measure. * "
Democratic meeting in Lee.
According to previous arrangement, a
meeting of the Democratic Party was held
at the Court House in Stnrksvilic, on Wed
nesday lhe28ili ult., tor the purpose of
appointing Delegates to the Convention to
be held in Millcdgcvillc on the third Mon
day in June, to nominate a candidate for
Governor, when Judge A. E. Harris was
called to preside, and John Gilmore appoin
Thos B. Jourdan, Esq., explained the
object of the meeting, and moved that the
Chairman appoint a Committee of seven to
suggest two suitable persons to represent
Lee county in the said Convention, u hich
having been adopted the Chairman appoin
ted the following gentlemen that committee
I. P. Cock, Benjamin Green, Samuel
There arc other points to which we wish
to call ihe attention of the proper million,
ties. How is it that our fires almost inviu
riahly take place on Saturday or Sunday
nights? In the present instance wc could
gel no clue ns to how the fire originated.
After diligent enquiry we are not perfectly
satisfied as to whether it took place in the
kitchen of Mr Dixon, or the carpenter’s
shop of Mr. Haupt—or whether it was ac
cidental or the work of nn inccndinrv—wc
are inclined to the former opinion. These
foots will no doubt be fully investigated la
the Mayor, to whom we leavo the matter,
having performed our duty by alluding |q
Heist lor, Benjamin Jourdan, Horatio Sims,
John Woolbright, and Jesse Watson.
The Committee, after consultation, sug
gested tho names of Dr. L. B. Mercer nnd
Thomas B. Jourdan, Es>|., whereupon they
were unanimously appointed delegates to
represent Leo county in said Convention.
Mr. B. F. Cock moved that the delegates
go to the Convention uninstructcd, which
On motion of Dr. L. B. Mercer, the Sec
retary was instructed to furnish the delega
tes with certificates of their appointment.
T. B. Jourdan, Esq., moved that the pro
ceedings of this meeting be published in
the Albany Pat riot and the Columbus Times
which w:is adopted.
On motion, the meeting then adjourned.
E. E, HARRIS, CT’tt.
John Gilmore, Scc'y.
XjT A Cart! appeared in our last paper,
signed K. W. McIntosh, containing allega
tions against the character of W, G. Mc
Wc were both absent from the County
in attcndance:tipon the Courts, when that
Card was handed in for publication, and
the gentleman, whom we left in charge of
the office noi bnowingourregulationsupon
this subject, inserted it at the usual adver
Wc deem this apology due our readers.
It is a rule with: us, which wc shall not de
part from, that the “Patriot” shall not be
made the vehicle for circulating personal
We shall neither furnish the food to sat
isfy a depraved appetite for scandal, nor
will we minister to the vicious propensities
of individuals. As public Journalists, we
shall shrink from no duty which we think
Fire in Savanpah.
Wc extract the following front nn article
in the Savannah Republican, of the 26th
ult., which furnishes the particulars of the
fire, the loss uf property, &c.
“ A fire broke out in this city on Satur
day evening, uboul ten o’clock, in the rear
of a two story wooden building, owned by-
Mr. Jacob Stuillcr, situated on Broughton
street, and so rapid was the progress, that
before the alarm was lairiy given, the a hole
building was enveloped in tlanios, ll was
occupied in front by Messrs. J. & R. -bar-
try as a general furnishing store, and by S,
Goodall, as a family grocery. In the rear
was a carpenter’s shop, occupied by A- J.
Haupt, nnd the kitchen of A. Dixou, who
occupied the second story immediately over
the Messrs. Barry,, as a dwelling, ""
■ Ffrsn >tl- ft’. Crescent Ci’r, Mon 21.
RUMORED WAR—LATER FROM
The following items we copy from tin
Courier of last evening, and give them fer
just what they may be worth. The nnrs
was received by the Mexican schooner Hr.
lampngo, from Vera Ctuz, which place flic
left on the 1< th tnst,:
It is reported that this schooner war
chartered at a high price, to bring dispatch,
es from the British Minister at Mexic*, to
the British Minister nt Washington, nnd
from the Mexican Government to their
Consul in this City, Mr, Frederick John
son is a passenger, and bearer of the llril.
ish dispatches. He intended this murnin;
to take his departure for Washington. The
Hclanipago lrring9 a report that the Mrxl-
can Government has positively declared
wni against the United Slutos,
Another rumor says that Santa Aiitin
has been released from Prison a d app- t d
commander in chief of the Mexican armies.
The Committee of the House of Repre
sentatives of Mexico has made a favorable
report on the request of the executive fer
authority to receive nnd listen to the propo
sals of Texas. The report was adopted by
a vote of 41 toll.
The net of amnesty to Gen. Santa Anna
has been passed.
The friends of the Federal System in
the south have shown a disposition to raise
nn insurrection. It was rumored that Gen.
Alvarez was at their head.
The newspapers are filled with common!.'
on the negotiation with Texas.
The Deputy from Jalisco, Mr. Cuervo, i;
Vnrious motions v ere made in the Hohk
of Representatives, on the 30th ult., ft!
alterations in the tariff.
A letter from Mnzaltan in the Constiie.-
tional Monitor says, '• the insurrection it
California against General Michelioreti:
has succeeded—the holy cause of libcrt;
is triumphant; wo arc independent.”
We are quite ignorant of the insurrection
mentioned in this letter, and know not what
party it is who have triumphed in the holt
cause of liberty nnd made themselves in
dependent, Liberty and independence no
good things to those who know how tqnp-
preciate the blessing they arc capable o
conferring—but liberty and independence
in the Mexican sense, are idle words, wlticl
mean anything or milling.
to promote this end of hcr ambition, regard- will confer good upon bur fellow-citizens,
less of ail other considerations. and wc shall stoop to nothing which would
Bm a day of light approaches—man is injure them or dishonor ourselves,
learning his ow n rights, and the objects for
building in which the fire broke out was
situated between a two-story brick dwell
ing house owned by G. R. Hendrickson
and occupied by 1. W. Morrell, and a three
story brick dwelljng house owned by the
estate of Tufts and occupied by E. J clicks
and Mrs. Bliss. These last named .build
ings were saved, although much damaged
by fire and water. The fire then extended
across Broughton street lane to the kitchens
and stables attached to three wooden dwel
ling house fronting on State street, and one
on Barnqrd-strect. to which .it sooncom-
Since -writing the above, we have Seen
Public Rlceting in Bainbririgr
In accordance with previous notice,
meeting of the citizens of liainbridge «s
The held on Tuesday, the 2 th May, Tor Uw
purpose of making arrangements for
celebration of the approaching Anniversa
ry ol' our Country’s Independence. Tfc
Meeting was organised bv calline Mai. A
Meeting was organised by calling Maj.
A, Allen to the Chair.
On motion, Mr. Win. C. Dickinson.
Judge Mann and Col. John R. Hays, «cr
-.-J - e — ■- - 1 —* - Speak
appointed a Committee to select a ,
and Reader to officiate on. that occasion.
It was on motion, Resolved, That tl
membcisof this meetingjpledge therosein
signed 1V. G'. McAlister, which we are re
quested to publish,. Our reasons already
giveja ipust be <ytr apology for declining.
. Tnitcri Slates Journal.
i We haTo receivcd the first and second
number , of-this spirited .nnd thoroughly
Democratic'paper, published by Messrs,
jfeese E. Dow and' Theophilus Fisk, in the
City of Washington. The editors enjoy a
high .reputation as political: and literary
writers, and from their position and talent,
addition to these, tho brick stable attached
to the dwelling belonging to the estate pf
Tufts was destroyed, ond much damage
done to the stable and out buildings of Mr.
. “The two story dwelling house fronting
on Bernard street, and the adjoining one on
State street,, were owned by the estate of
Gugel, and occupied by J. F. Doe and Mrs.
Lundy. That adjoining Mrs, L, on State
street,; (also two story,) was owned by Mr.
Mingledorff, of Bryan Connty, and occupi
ed ,hy Mrs. Walker—the next was a three
to sec that tho ‘‘work goes bravely on,”? !
in the spirit suited to (he occasion; and
order, better, to carry out the. object of th*
meeting, ai Committee of Auangcmcn'
was appointed, consisting of at least
member from;each' Militia Disti
"‘tuiKi iiwukii ..iuiikC District of ' 1
County, to make the necessary preparat'
and arrangements'for the day.
It was on motion Ordered, 'That the So"
retary transmit a sketch of thoprocccdk!
of this meeting to the Editors of ihe
Albany papers for pubhcfitiira.nnd that 1
citizens of the adjoining counties be in*' 0
to attend our Celebration:
JVptAmg.—An Irishman Jins defined 1 *
— — v. /■—-* ■—*-= -jthpnt.
surCd thSii they Will wield no or-1wooden building, owned and occupi- thing, to be “ a footless stocking',w
kience in the’ arose of gdod goy-1 Hwnthn devowringsfc- jif*T.! A dweripfion hy, another ft
eminent. We publish the prospectus jjstnpfafe ‘tj 'B M iM “Thnt rnur SjiBSfiSH rr‘ I
the Journal m another column. 1 Godwin opd Dr. Do Leon” IsaidPnt^: ' ... ,