to Eastern nations, since it was put of their reli- The Whig* say not a word about opposi-; A. Reese,
gions duty to cleanse tho skin. These rations were tion to (he present administration, nor a- S. Riley, H. Stakes and J.L. Baker,
ignorant of wearing a garment next the skin which bout an election of a United States Senator,
can be frequently changed. The absence of this at the next session.
comfort was one of the causes of those dreadful dis- But let them carry the election of Gover-
cascs of which we read, and which are now unknown nor, and we will have more letters from
among Christian nations. There are classes of la- Milledgeville asserting that the people
boron and m^rb.nu-., whoss health would be pro- “have expressed their unqualified disappro-
aened,and their lives prolonged, if they knew bow bation of the present administration, and
nuichdgpffluM on periodical cleansing, It may be their principles.” Also, that “the election
said that there is a connexion between -cleanliness was held by the people with a full knowl-
and moral Ceding. Perhaps it maybe going too edge on their part, that this Legislature
ftr to say, that those who habitually disregard clean-, would be required, in the discharge of their
liness, and prefer to be dirty, have no moral pcrcep- duties, to elect a United States Senator, for
tions: but it may be truly said that those who are the term of six years from the 4th of March,'*
O.'H. Prince, .
Beautifying the State House with Soot,
Lime sad Water,
A. J. Nichole,
F. Catnip, ld i \«3 izoi
300 00 they are offered, we have the honor, gen-
10 00 tlemen, to subscribe ourselves^
morally sensitive are time so from respecting this
virtue. There is a dose affinity between morel de
pravity and physical degradation. The vicious poor
are always shockingly filthy: the depraved rich are
visited by worse penalties: they may have clean
garments; but what can wash away the impurities
which vice has made a part of themselves 1 It is
not for one’s self only that the virtue of cleanliness
oommends itself. Every one comes within the ob
servation of others. However uncleanly one may
be himself, he is not the less offended at the like neg
lect in those whom he observes. Now it is every
one's duty to himself to recommend himself to oth
ers, so far as he innocently and reasonably can, and
to obtain their respect Clean and costly garments
may fall very short of doing this, if it be seen that
Let I he Democrats bear in mind the old
adage, “When a man deceives us once, it
is hu fault. When he deceive* ns a second
time, it is our fault.
From the Constitutionalist.
Books Posted!—Final Settlement!
“ They came like sacrifices in their trim,
And liot and bleeding do I offer them.”
The fulminations from the Capitol, upon my hum
ble contributions, come with• unusual malignity
through the columns of the Georgia Journal, of
Tuesday, August 12th, and as I presume that those
articles will bo republished in several of the Whig
De-dw,’ ^ .
M. Wright, iy >'-
Charice Dodson, 1 ■ y
A. B. Bostwiefc,
Silas Bowen, '
W. B. Williams,
Georgia Rail Road Company
papers, I avail myself of tho earliest opportunity to
they are a covering for the neglect of this important exam jne the novel positions assumed,
law. If there be a lovely object to the human eye j -phe present point of diffisrenco between us is the
it is a dean, clear-faced, healthy, innocent, neatly
clad, happy child. There are few children who rasy
not, if they will, be neatly dressed, for this does not
depend on that of which the dress is made. There
are fewer who may not have a clear skin; for we
speak to those who are old enough to judge for them
selves. And let it be added, for their inducement,
that, in obeying the command to be clean, they are
performing a moral duty; in neglecting it they are
inflicting an evil on themselves in two ways—first
in diminishing their own comfort; second, in losing
the esteem of ethers.”
relative expenditures of the democratic and whig
legislatures of 1842 and 1843.
Here is the statement of expenditures which this
whig editor says must be charged against the demo
cratic legislature of 1842. I take it as the whig re
port, and hope it will be received as such.
Expenses and Appropriations of the Legislature of
1842, as they appear from the Report of the Trea
surer, and the public Acts of that year:
Legislative Expenses, 893,347 97
Civil Establishment, 34,675 00
non. J. n. Berrien.
Burr was once exalted by the suffrages
of his countrymen. to the second office in
their gift. Arnold once stood high in the
confidence of the American people, and c-
ven Lucifer himself was once one of the
brightest angels in Heaven. The honora
ble Senator whose name heads this para
graph, once enjoyed the confidence of his
countrymen. But he, too, by his treachery,
like the great examples before him has fal
len, fallen, J alien. While the history of few
public men in any country affords a more
instructive moral of the danger of misguid
ed ambition, there is none that furnishes a
more signal evidence of the retributive jus
tice of the people. The condition of this
country during the past-year was such as
gave strong reason to expect that every
true American would range himself on her
side. But imperative as was this holy du
ty in a national point of view, from our pe
culiar institutions and the deadly stab that
was aimed at this section of tho Union by
the opponents of annnexation, it became
doubly so to every man whose heart glow
ed with a single spark of devotion to his
own sunny clime. Where, t hen, it mnv be
asked was the honorable Senator? Was
he in the ranks of her friends cheering them
on by his presence at this perilous crisis, or
was he leagued with her enemies and rc-
vilers? He flew away to Boston to bear to
the wliigs and fanatics of New England,
M lhe cordial greeting of the Whigs of Geor
gia, and to say from them that they were ani
mated with the same spirit which beat in the bo
soms of those at present pefore him,” to give
them his faith, his friendship, and his con
science and to
“Witness that here logo doth give tip, -
The execution of his wit, hands, heart,
To this great council's service.”
But Mr. Bcrrien-’s influence, whatever it
was for good or evil, is all gone even with
his own party. Like other false divinities,
the obedience of his votaries lasts only with
his success. That has all vanished'hefore
the fiat of a free people, and his former idol
aters now look upon him with scarcely ns
.much reverence as the frogs in the fable
did upon their king. We arc not, neither
do wc desire to be in the confidence of the
whig party ; but if we do not greatly mis
take the signs of the times that party in
Georgia is rapidly approaching a transition
state. The old carcase must be galvanis
ed—old issues as far as they can lie, must
he repudiated. To do this, old leaders
must be cast ofT. Mark the prediction: An
effort will be made very soon to remodel the
partv anew under the auspices of a former
candidate for Governor, as its head, flank
ed by the “hero of Taliaferro,” and Gen.
Clinch for his aids; and Judge Berrien, like
Cardinal Wolsey, will he cast off to indulge
in unavailing regrets for his faithlessness,
and find like that unhappy man, when it
is too late, that he was hazarding too much
when he interposed his own personal views
bdween the rights and honor of his country.
To pay Secretary of the Senate,
“ Clerk of the Hou*e,
“ Inspector of the Penitentiary,
To pay Clerks employed by Secretary of
State, and Surveyor General, daring
the previous summer,
To pay \V. J. C. Kennedy,
To pay Jus. Inf. Conrt Richmond co.
“ E. A Soullard,
“ W. W. Stephens,
“ M. Wimberly,
“ Henry Sutphin,
“ John D. Brown,
For Lunatic Asylum,
To pay James R. Mosely,
“ Hansel Dillard.
To pay extra Clerks employed by Secre
tary of State, Treasurer, Comptroller,
and Surveyor Genera),
To pay extra Clerks for making Report
from Comptroller General’s office, of
To Wm. Rcmshart,
“ Fred Smith,
“ Charles Allen,
* B. B. Smith,
“ T. N. Paulcn,
“ T. II. Trippo,
“ D. Creamer,
“ Mrs. Amanda M. Taylor.
“ Joseph Crews,
“ 6 Clerks allowed in the State House
“ James Kiviin,
“ Hnrral Hassar St Co.
“ Wiley, Lane Si Co.
“ Penitentiary for purchase of iron,
“ Henry Darnell,
“ Wilson Lumpkin,
Your obedient, servants,
J. M. VICKERS,
W. G. PONDER,
, Thomas Delegates.
fe. F. CRAWFORD,
AL’X. A. ALLEN,
N. 11. HICKS,
Asylum—$50 for each innate, say City, 2^00 00
N. S. Gdvcr,
N.B. Wheeler, ■
C. Addison, ’ “
Wm. A. Hotchkip, .
Securities of T. Farter,
There are some few indefinite appropriations,
which, in consequence of my distance from Milledge
ville, I could not state, with accuracy, the amounts
appropriated. I have, therefore left them blank, al
though they would probably reach some thousands
And I have even omitted several matters of ap
propriation by the. whig legislature of 1843.
Now let ns pod the Books—and see, after this
Our understanding with all the parties, how mat.
Expenditures and appropriations of
the whig legislature of 1843, 8241,254 09
Expenditures and appropriations of
the democratic kg$f|(tn^epf1842, 8176,847 07
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST ST, 181*.
in the measure.” But says the Republic,^,,
whig! of Georgia are now ready to kubmit'fetL
popular voice, and are willing to take Text, *•••
all her incumbrances.” What condescension,*!^
magnanimity, after they have done every thi^ j
their power to prevent annexation, and in con,,
queues have been overthrown and hurled boa ^
by the people, and Texas has been annexed in ^
of their opposition. They are now wiifiagto teeth,
her with all her incumbrances, and wi*h to he ^
vited to rejoice with the democrats at the farorjy,
issue of a measure which they had denoonetd t,
dishonorable and dishonest.
m. hall McAllister.
For Senator in the District composed of Early and
For Representative in Baker, ’
For Representative in Early.
Col. Boling U. KobiHHon.
For Senator in the District composed of Pulaski and
Col. William S. Whitfield.
For Senator in the District composed of Thomas and
For Representative in Decatur,
Mi. J. Bruton.
For Representative in Thomas.
J. B. F. Dixon.
For Senator in the District composed of Leonids and
Far Representative in Laumds,
For Representative in Ware,
For Senator in the District composed of Randolph
Col. Wi/liam *f. Tennille.
In fovor of the democrats, 865,407 02
Now what have tie Whigs got to say 1 If they
are not satisfied, let them do the posting themselves
—let them put down as many Sundries, Profits and
Losses, as they please, bnt the above statement after
the most careful examination, will stand unaltered
as tong as the Public Laws of Georgia remain in
I have now driven the supporters of Gov. Craw
ford’s administration from every rickety fiscal am-
bnscadc that those personages have entrenched
themselves behind. Where will they go next ?—
What new shifts will these hnmbugers now avail
themselves of 7 Verily, their days are numbered—
and they know it—the handwriting is plainly seen
upon the wall—and the people, whose rights and
feelings have been outraged, by this bungling fiscal
administration, will in a few weeks put their seal
of disapprobation upon them, and hurl them to that
position which thousands of honest Whigs deeply
regret these fiscal]sers ever should have boon re
moved from. ,v -v • PINEY WOODS.
Tbc Texas Jubilee.
We call the attention of our democratic friends to
the resolution of the Democratic Central Committee,
recommending the democrats to meet on the 3d
Saturday in September, in their Senatorial districts,
for a genera] Jubilee of the friends of annexation.
Will not our friends in Early and Baker, Decatur
and Thomas, Lownds and Ware, Lee and Sumter,
Pulaski and Dooly, and indeed throughout the State,
sec that the recommendation of the Committee is
carried ont. Let them meet and rejoice together at
the glorious consumation of that important measure.
Tbat Letter! That Letter!
What letter T Why Mr. McAllister’* letter—^,
one he wrote when he accepted the office of DUt*,
Attorney. Well, what of the letter! Why, ^
you not beard ! The Editor of the Savannah p.
publican has written on to the Department of Stu,
for a copy of tho letter, and has received an ahnm
that the letter contains nothing but* bare accepts*,
of the office, and of conrse, what Mr. lleAliistcrrti!
about conditions must have boen false, and what j;.
Habersham said too, for he said that what Mr. J[ c .
Allister said about the conditions was true. This i,
what Mr. Habersham said: “ I recollect all the (
cumstanccs which you stated in yonr letter,
lieve that you have stated them correctly. The coc
ditional letter of acceptance to which you refer m,
examined and revised by myself, and I have no m.
son to doubt was sent without alteration, ji,
addressed to the late Judge Johnson, the Circus
Judge of the United States for this District’’ \'c
see, Mr. Habersham says there was a condition
letter of acceptance, for he cxaminot&nd revised t
himself. But how came he of tho Republican t;
send to the Department of State at Washington Citj
for the letter, when Mr. Habersham aays it ini^.
dressed to Judge Johnson? Neither he or &
McAllister says a word about sending it to the I
purtment of State. Surely the Editor of the Rcpcb
lican ought to wipe bis spectacles and examine It
Habersham’s letter twice before he attempts to i
cuso him and Mr. McAllister of falsehood.
We think the less Whig editors say aboot “ lc
rowing an Indian,” the better for themselves, mbs
they take particular pride in their “‘Roorbacks.*.
When they want an “Indian” or a “Traveller,’
they do not take the trouble to “ borrow” c
manufacture them for the occasion.
I have omitted tho two last items in the Journal’s
statement, and which were evidently inserted last
in order to swell the amount of expenditures, of the
democratic legislature of 1834. Why do I omit
those ? Because these items were not properly ex
penditures made by the legislature of 1812. It was
a mere advance for the United States, to pay for
forage &.C., of troops to protect the sonth-westem
frontier of our State, and which will, if not already,
be returned to the State Treasury. The last sec
tion of the act, appropriating 60,0000 dollars, for
forage, Sic. read as follows:
“ See. 5. And bc.it further enacted by the authori
ty aforesaid, That all sums of money disbursed un
der this act be charged to account against the gov
ernment of tho United States.”—Public Laws of
1843, page 22.
The appropriation of 200 dollars for D. J. Miller,
was likewise charged to the account againt the
I know that no intelligent and honorable whig
can find the slightest objection to the omission of
those two items. On the other hand, I believe that
they will thank mo for thus presenting a question
in a manner that all magnanimous persons must
admit to be correct. All that they can desire is a
fair exposition, and I have made no other.
Now, let us examine, in a like spirit, the expen
diture* of the whig legislature of 1843.
From the public Laws and Resolutions of 1843.
To pay Civil Establishment, 835,525 00
“ Speaker and Presidents Warrants 76,973 00
Clerk of House of Representatives,
Clerk of the Senate,
From the Constiutiimalist,
Extract from Editor’s correspondence of
the “Chronicle & Sentinel.”
Milledgeville, Nov. 24, 1840,
“It is known to the country that the peo
ple of Georgia, on the first Monday in Oc-
tober, expressed their unqualified disappro-; Inspector of the Penitentiary,
bation or the present administration party J. Gardner,
and their principles, by the election of a dc- j C. W. Howard,
cided majority of both branches of the Leg- C. W. Rogers,
■islature opposed thereto. This election A. M. Horton,
was held by the people with a full knowl- N. Phillips,
'edge on their, part, that the Legislature John Gardner,
Form the Federal Union.
Tiiomasville, August 3, 1842.
To Col. Richard Mitchell, of Thomas county,
and William Williams, Esq., of Decatur
county, candidates for the Senate from said
Gentlemen—At a meeting of a portion
of the citizen' of both counties, held in De
catur on the foiirih Monday in July, in the
present year, a Resolution was adopted, by
which a committee of six were appointed
to interrogate the candidates for the State
Senator, from the joint counties of Thomas
and Decatur, in regard to their views of
national and Stale politics: and in accor
dance with such Resolution, we, the un
dersigned, are noioitiated. Our task, oth
erwise of adeKcKie nature, becomes a labor
of love, when we Teflect that it is but bear
ing out the noble intention of our system of
government, by enlightening the people
regarding the principles by which they ore
to be governed, and enabling them to carry
out their own political desires in the np
preaching Legislature, by casting their
.votes for Kepresenalivcs, whose sentiments
are well ascertained, and clearly defined.
Self-government would be nothing but a
mockery, if the-citizens remained ignorant
upon matters so all important to their liber-
Wfcbeg therefore, with thcmosfprofonnd
respect, to propound to you the following
I. Are you, or are you not in favor of n
strict construction of the Constitution of
the United States, as held by the Repub
lican party in-^bfc Virginia and Kentucky
Resolutions'? . ‘
II. Are you, or are you not in favor of a
Protective Tariff, or simple Tariff for Rev
enue on the ad valorem value of imports?
III. Are you, or are you not in favor of
the distribution of Proceeds of the Land
sales, amongst the several States ?
IV. Did you ip the late Presidential can
vass and election, support by your vote or
otherwise, the' annexation of Texas to the
United States |.
The August elections, so far os wo have heard,
have generally resulted favorably to the democrats.
In Indiana tho delegation to Congress will stand
eight democrats to two Whigs. Tho Legislature
will bo democratic in both branches, which secures
tho election of a democrat to tho United States Sen
ate in tho placo of tho Hon. A. S. White, whig.
The delegation will be three democrats and sev
Has elected six democrats and three whigs to
It appears to bo admitted on ail hands that Brown,
democrat, has beat Foster, whig, for Governor,
about two thousand votes. The particulars of the
election have not yet been received.
V. If elected to the Senate of Georgia.
-**’ — of Johi
would be required, in the discharge of their Executive Mansion, to buy extra Furniture, 400 00
duties, to elect a United States Senator Wm. P. McConnell,
for the term of six years from the 4th of J. McAfiee,
March next.” Tbomaa Hooray,
What was true in Nov. 1840, may be William Monfa, .
true in Nov. 1846. |n. McBain,
Now, the people are appealed to, vote J. Mitchell,
for the Whig candidate for Governor, and William Jones,
Whig candidates for the Legislature, upon Hutchison & Co.,
local and financial considerations alone. ( M. H. McAllister, States’ Attorney,
will you vote' for th^ re-election _
McPherson Berrien to the United States
Senate, if he is a candidate for that office?
VI. If elected to said Senate, will you,
or will you not support the re-election oi
the Hon. Carieton B. Cole to the office of
Judge of the Southern Circuit, provided he
consents tdrtraf If nay, bfeso good as to
inform'ti8 whom* you'Will support for that
office ? at '
Tbc Texas Hninlmg Again.
Tho editor of the Savannah Republican appears
to be angry and fidgity because the Democratic Cen
tral Committee of Georgia has recommended the
Democrats to meet in their Senatorial Districts to
rejoice with and congratulate each other on tho ad
mission of Texas into the Union. He seems to fear
they will get up an excitement What! a Whig
who figured largely in the ‘Hard Cider Campaign’
afraid of excitement! Why, the Whigs were the
inventers of political excitement Mass meetings
and humbug; and now they are afraid of their own
works. Like the witch of Endor, they tremblo at
the ghost which they themselves have raised. But
the Republican says,—“Tho whigs would say to
the Democracy—go on, Gentlemen, rejoice over the
triumph you have achieved. If you will have a
jollification, be it so, but let it be national, and not
political.” It would seem then, that tho whigs are
willing to join in tho jollification, and they are not
afraid of excitement if they can have a share in it
Bnt why should tho whigs rejoice at the consumma
tion of a measure which they have condemned with
all tho bitterness they could find language to ex-
Did they not frequently declare the annexa
tion of Texas, without the consent of Mexico, would
We arc again at out post, and greet our trade
with our best wishes. During our absence we hu>
succeeded in combining pleasure with business,u
have gratified our own curiosity by observing tea
things which may not be entirely devoid of intern
to our readers.
Our last letter was written from Wilkes conUr
On our return to Cass county, the prospect of cu
crops hud been so diminished by drought that ta
hod risen within throo weeks from 35 cent* |
bushel to 40 or 60 cents; and wheat had risen fra
50 to 75 cents. As wo approached Macon on <
homeward journey, the appearance of the crus
grew gradually worse, until wo reached Bibb conn.
From Macon to Albany, a distance of one hundre
miles, on the cast side of the Flint river—princijsl*
ly a pine land district—the crops are comparative
good. In this section of country the npper putt
Baker anil the'lower part of Leo counties will p
dace fall crops, whilst other parts are much under:
average. We believe that the aggregate crops
com and cotton in the State will be from ooe4t
to one-half short of an average produce.
We visited the “Georgia Manufacturing Coo
pony’s” works, on tho Oconee river, four i
south of Athens, and the Athens Manufactiei
Company's works, on the same stream, at Atbe
On approaching the former we were uniavonl.
impressed with the appearance of the place.
Factory building and the dwelling houses cf I
oppenatives are of wood—have never been prist
look dingy and have tho appearance of neglect*
decay. The operatives (poked pale and sickly, a
the children, many of whom wo saw in the l
looked ragged and dirty.
The first question which occurred to us, i
whether these unfavorable appearances were thei
feet of the manufacturing system, or whether
could be attributed to other causes. ■ Upon isp
ry, wo ascertained the following particular*'’
Tho works employ about fifty operatives, mod 1
whom are women and children, at from 3 to 6dofr
per month, or a half cent per yard for
they feeding and clothing themselves. Thews
about sixteen hundred spindles, and fifteen 1
with tho usual corresponding apparatus.
In answer to our expressions of surprise »to
general appearance of poverty which surroumW'
we were told that the families of operatives I
be a national dishonor, a disgrace and a curse to
the country, to call upon thorn to rejoice at inch an j are such as have no land to cultivate,' and are rifr
event, we should think would be an insult. But the too indolent, sickly, or indigent to «***!" a 1W
democracy believed differently. They believed the in any other way, and that generally they haw
annexation of Texas would be a great national proved in health, mantis and industry since
blessing, that it would add wealth and strength to residence at the Factory,
our Republic, would extend the boundaries of free- There is one school abouTa mOe from the
dam and give peace and security to a neighboring
and kindred people. It is therefore reasonable for
them to rejoice, and the editor of the Republican
need not fear the excitement There will be no
‘Log Cabbins’ or ‘Canoe*’ hanled through the mart of the children have learned to read,
country—there will be no live ‘Coons’ paraded ou[ 'The Athens Manufacturing Company
ash poles at the corner* of the street*. And as we about ninety opperatives—aix of whom are i
do not believe there will be much ‘ hard cidari drank and the others women and children. They
the integrity of the Constitution, a* M- on the occasion, wo think the Democrats will behave about two thousand three hundred nitrite 1
75 00 Ehur!^SlWvi , ,™sr f *'** "* ■“«* the democracy J forty loonm, boride, a wool mulewith one bw*
60 001 they’ inthdr wisdomsaw fit replace in'the * bring ont the torch and fifty-six epindleo. Wages fMperativcs,
175 00 j hands of the President ? bghtsfutonter” bub prefercd the “sober second than overseen, from 2 to 7 dollars por month
190 00 ; In thebopesthat the interrogation* will thought” of the people. Yet we have no doubt they feeding and clothing themselves. 1 The bcD*
300 00 j be received la the frank spirit with which, will “ rejoice like men who really feel a deep interest. are of bricktand have a favorable appearanco. *
bnt it is poorly attended. They have no gregeh
about the rrtalilinhment, and consequently no rio
enness. There is preaching every Sunday,
Sunday School which is well attended, and in
▼11. And finally, are you, or are you not
in favor of inflicting the first wound upon