*T^ h , Mart* Tstcgrayh ii published eveiy U’cd
IV'ii,,. Office on Mulberry Street, east side.
JTLItuskk Dollars a year,ir nnM in ml
*1 , r rooa dollars, if not paid Before the
B*, veer. Subscribers living at a distance
j'jvirtil in all cases to pay in advance.
piBtlsniMJ AT MACON, GA., AN AOr.lCUL-
n .uc newspaper, to be entitled
*HB SOUTHERN PLANTER.
HE SOUTHERN PLANTER will be devoted
• • to the Agricultural Interest* of/tbo
including Horticulture, management of
It making of Wine ond fcilft, tinrdeniug, I)o-
5,’ EcnnoBT, useful Arts, Household Kipenscs,
j,| Fruit Trees, Ac. ic. Ac.
I,’ill h« issued («t Hist A every other week—on*
Jjgm steel, and quarto form-roh good pnper -nnd
lype. procured eiprcrsly for the purpose. To
improved and enlarged as the estenl of patronage
A*farm "ill be eonrenlent for binding: mid reeb
line will bn accompanied with a copious lode*.
frliticnl and sectarian subjects will be excluded.
t jj ;be design of the publisher to tnaku the work
enitin; In a!U classes of the community; partied,
a to loose in any wise connected with farming,
litslng. mechanics. &c.
Cwim'inirntions are solicited. Agricultural Soci-
friends of the planting interest generally,
rqnesteil to nid us In our undertaking.
■,,,p <m Ian, medical and scientific aubjucts, will
Snhists will he giren for the best written essays
imrticnlar subjects. Any well written cormntmica.
JOB say subject connected with I bn objects of this
lUcatioa, will entitle the author to a year's subscrip
ts pohlisber will lie assisted in the Editorial de
ment hr soreml literary gentlemen.
dollars per annum, in advance, or
jj at the end of the year. To snlncrlber* to the
con Tclejraph the price will he one dtdbtr mid a
(inutb'ance. ortwodollnrs eg the endofshe yonr.
epa|ier will he commenced as soon ftt sufficient
ilitnntlirnugliout the Southern States nre respect-
r rcuursicd to giro the above a few insertions.
torn, Mr*. 1833." _ M.BAftTILTT,
Xcwnan, Coweta County, Georgia.
THE semi aunual exami
nation of this Institution,
took place on Friday, the
loth iustant. Ou which oc
casion the students w ere cri
tically and minutelycxani-
ined on thu various branches
which had occupied their at
tention during the preceding
session. The precision and
/icuitv of their recitations, tho promptitude
accfiracy of tbeir answers, to the various in-
i-atc.-ics, evinccd^n our judgment, in no
II degree, much in9try, talents, and it nq tics-
dc acquirements on the.part of the Iuslruc-
reflect uot a little credit ou tho promising
i of the students, and must have been pecu-
gratifying to immediate relatives. Tho cx-
atioa was succeeded by an exhihit ion, in
h the students sustained their respective parts
such singular ability, as to surpass the ex-
itimis of the most sanguine. Tho order and
deportment of tho stiwcot., «hn1ng-*tio >v liutu
t period, clearly evinced the most judicious
pliae. It is with much pleasure that we in-
th; public, that the uoxt session of this
trill commence on the Grst Monthly in Ju-
t. Voting ladies from abroad may ho nc-
eodited with hoard, ou reasonable terms, in
tlablo families near to tbo Institution. The
i of studies, in this Seminary, comprises oil
I'jrlns necessary to a useful and suhxtan-
ueation, together with such oroamentnl
is* as aro generally taught in other inslitu-
of a similar kind, iucluding all thu Variety of
and ornamental Neodlo work,
those who aro acquainted with the talents,
iplidimcnts, and amiable character of Mrs.
slet, it would, wo presume, he superfluous
“dasolitary remark ns to lice competency to
Is over an institution of this kind. ; Tito cx-
ee which Mrs. B. has had in this avocation,
tol with the universal satisfnctoui which she
■tillered, during her residence in this place,
impartial perilous, fully authorise its to state,
anno will lie disappointed who intrust 'their
M'is to her instruction and discipline. ■ •
J. W. PRNTIOOST.
»*, 1832. 20 3t cow
TheFederal Union is; requested to insert
ovc three times every other Week.'
IRS PXBDMOtf 7
UjVE of stages
INNING through the upper parts'of South
1 ""''NorthCarolina tmd Virpuin, to Wasli-
BCih, -«.l t. r.i
fity, and which,‘at its Southern end, rc-
krminated at Powelton, Ga., is uow iu full
inrcrently been extended to Miltodgoville,
"mch place it departs on Tuesdays, Tliurs-
3 »d Rtlnirigyt, at 4 A. M.
particulars seo bills suit tho MillcdgeviUo
JPJNwVa., May 15,1832. 21 firn
■JAMES fC. BENNET,
Soot an V£ihocma!sci’, ,
HAS commenced busiuess in
McDonald’s building, (near the
«*■« Macon Telegraph jUJfie,) whore
i he will-be found ; ready to atten'd
1,1 customers and others vvho may call pu
BOOTS ami SHOES manufactured to
"] »ne best mamier. REPAIRING aRo
Two or three JOURNEYMEN can find
^employment by application toJiim.
having sold bis stock of
d'oHbu.incM, Bolicits for lnm tlic patron-
,,,, * l ? eB “S and former customers, nud ra-
,f q WI J? "re indebted to h'un, to call at the
i jj 'T- Rowland, next door to Messrs
0W i ,v B erc be will be found for tho
0, ma j'ngBeulement,.
1 ISAAC i; owl. A NIL
i^o and Summer Clothing.
lip , u wwainer viouun»
. ^ 'ubteriber lias just commenced r'yceiv
5 an stock of spring- and Summer Clo
. e assures the public that bis stock wil
, ?°ne, is determined to tell Ut lot
I tav lt «« purchaser, r,ll.
tou. n. uriti's m i..
lY A^S*, cn t ^ vann ah.
ClU f0r Sille h >'
SSIU • don\v Till'
DAY & BUTTS.
HOTEL i. situated on the corner
Outlie public square, ltd, spacious, neat, end com-'
gfijWS;■ ,V,’ "J3 1 ' 01 HonUy. the iudtvidu.l tree
nllcr,the datty boarder, ovtlm fashionable viiiter, the
Georgru Hotel will present accommodations inferior
western part of (,'enrgia. Our stables
will bo bountifully supplied with the best of proven-
der and aUenlive ostlers. Gaines, ille is one of the
most flouiashing and grawing villages in Georgia. It
is situated immediutefy^m (he tipper Federal Road,
nine miles from the Cherokee line, atid about eighteen
miles fmm the Cliernkec Gold Jjines. It is the most
direct route for persoiiit;wi4(ing ta explore the Cher-
okge country, wlm live in the eastern end middle
counties of Georgia or Carolina. Persons wishing
to slop in Gsinesville; can be acromraodaicd with
private conveyances to anv part of the GoM region
they may wish to visit. The line of stages running
from Augusta to Athens hna also hern estendedto
Gainesville; and from llienecto Morraysville, twelve
miles west of Gainesville, which gives as great facili
ties in travelling .to the Gold region as to any other
part of the State. We believe froin.thelocal advan
tages which .Gainesville possesses, that there is novil-
laeo in the Stnte that is belter, calculated to render
those comfort able and pleasant who may wish to
spend the summer months in tlie up country. IVe
are daily refreshed with mountain breezes*-the nights
extremely pleasant—and Uie best and purest of pump
or spring water. All nccrimmddntion-stage line will
shortly bd running fiom Gainesville to Clarke,viile.
Persons from Gainesville wishing to visit tho foils of
Tnlhiola.ornny other curiosities located in Hnber-
elimp, enti lie eonyeyed to and from on reasonable
terms. By’ niir personal and unremitting attention,
we hope, to be able to render all who may favor us
with n call,- comfortable and easy. We therefor
ea. nestly solicit a share of public patronoge.
• ABSALOM BISHOP.
WM. N. BISHOP.
Gainesville 23d, June, -1832. 26 Ot
TIN WARE MANUFACTURER.
' MUI.KKIIUV, KKAR THIRD STREET.
T HE subscriber manufactures and keeps con-
stoutly ou hand, a general assortmenr-of
‘Tin Ware, .
which ho will sell wholesale and retail at Savau
itali or Augusta prices. ' ,
JOB WORK done at the .shortest notice at
the shop on Third sttect, next door to Ellis, Shot-
rell & Co. WILLIAM S. ELLIS.
Orders sent to Ellis, Shoticell If Co. will rc-
i .live prompt attention.
Nov 11 17
Per cent, cheaper than ever!
S 3 just opening a very extensive and splendid ns"
bv himself, front the latest importations, which nre
psrticnlarly calculated for this market, and which will
bo disposed of fully
Ewasffire-rrvu ksb. cess®.
cheaper than ever. These goods are of the latest style
and most fashionable patterns, and are offered to bis
Friends and tho Public
with confidence fully assured, that not only the style
hut prices prill fully meet their approbation. Their
attention is requested to the same—a few of the arti
cles are mentioned, vi*:
•.•IK) pieces Calicoes end Prints, somevery rteh. .
Kxtra line Furniture Calicoes and Common.
50 pieces fine Parish Muslins and Ginghams, plain
and striped, figured and striped Mandarines, Baragos-
sas black and” purple Grodeswiss and Italian Silks
Watered Gmdeenp, black and brown colored do ,
ileruam'Gauers, Ortran* Robes, painted Pnlmnrlnct
nud Crape Deleon, black and colored Silk, Cnnitdels
nod I’linoellas.fine French BomhaBinrs, Blond Gauze
Veils (some extra sizes), Satin Straws, Scarfs Fancy
Handkerchiefs and Shawls, very rich, sett Cap and
Belt Ribbons new; patterns, Thread Laces and Insert,
bigs al«o Edgings and Poolings, checked and striped
Muslins. Jnckonet, Swiss uud Cambric do., one case
ura-s bleached Irish Linens assorted. Long Lawns,
Linen Cambrics and Cambric Handkerchiefs, Super-
Ve,lings, I'laid and plain Drillings nnd fineFrciiah
Unfinv Pongees and I’onge nandkerchicfs,Bandan-
ua bud. Plugs, Gloves and Milts assorted.
• Oil dozen Silk, Cotton, Randon llosc and half
100 Parasols and Umbrellas, very neat and rich.
llK) pieces'Mbsqilitn Netting. , „ ■
Bend Bag* and Purses. Shell Tuck and Side Combs,
Cambric and FuriiiturJ Penlities and Lotion Fri nges,
II 7, S,0, 10. II nnd 13 by4 Damask Table Cloths.
Table Covers, Dunstable nnd Straw- Rnnnels, Palm
Leaf Hals, Black and Drab Beaver Huts, latest fash-
inns, Tr.yellinrC.pi.nUTrt.ekB. • .:
- TO THE PESTILENCE.
Illy shadow darkeus rouml us,
Thy form ia in the air;
Thy fatal voice hath found us, *
Thy bauquet will be rare!
A sudden fear hath bound us,
\\ c kuow thee—and despair.
Thy gloomy wing is flappiug,
Impatient for thy prey;
Thy breath o’er all is wrapping
A shroud of sad decay;
The sullen grave is gaping—
• Thine eye doth light the way.
r Whcu will thy eottrse be rim!
Whom hast thou marked? Art near
To mo, relentless one?
When will thy dread career *
Of punishment bo done?
The glowing south, the icy north,
The vale, the desert bare,
Tho eity, and the mountain sot,
Thou visit’th every where—
The mosque, tho idol temple, and
The Christian's place of prayer.
Thou hast swept in all thy terror,
The regions of the east;
Thou hast bid the mighty wither!
The loftiest and (lie least;
The brave, the foud, the beautiful,
Alike have been, thy feast.
The patriot, the tyrant,
Lord, vassal, friend and foe;
The victor's arm hath sunk besido
The victim it laid Jow;
Tho hosts that met for mortal strife,
Have fallen without a blow.
Before tlieo thou hast cast thy shade,
A frightful chill it bath;
One moment is the storm delayed,
The next it comes in wrath; -
Then helploss, smitten things, we fade
Aud wither iu thy path.
, Knoxville, Crawford county, July 4, 1832.
The Committee of Arrangements for thb 4th
of July at Knoxville, respectfully tender their
thanks to Hiram Warner Esq. aud solicit a
copy of his speech fur publication.
H. B. TROUTMAN,
* F. SIMS,
JOHN L. HARP.
■ Knoxville, Crawford county, July 4,1832.
Gentlemen—I have received your note, re
questing acop.y of tho Address-ma'de by me this
day, to the citizens of this county, for publication.
Although it was not written with a view of its
publication, yet if you think it contains any mat
ter worthy of publicLy, the original is at your
service, with all ifs imperfections, uot having
time to prepare a copy.
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
To Messrs. R. Harvfij, II. R. Troutman,
S. Prince, t\ Sms, and John h. Harp,
Committee if Arrangements.
I raveUiiifvep* unu i runas. ■
IQ bales Sheetings, Shirtings and Plaids.
• 000 lbs rjinn Cotton, Tickings, Osnaburgs, Cot
ton Cards.&c. , '
Also.au extensive assortment of Perfumery, Soaps.
Oils. Powder. Powder Boxes and I nils. Erosive Balls,
Cologne, Honey and Rose Wuters, Otto ot Roses,
Ucc.jeo. Alsri. , ,
3000 naif dimes and Pumps assarted, end
100 pair Mororro and Call Boots, some very
neat end fine. ■ • , '
And • very large supply «r ■
Sa lales. Kridlcs, ItaartiDgalSs
3ADDLL AND TRAVELLING BAGS,
Together with n general assortment or
Uarditare Sf Cutlery
And n snpply
CINF.8, &e. '
Macon, April 20
To Rent. • •
THE dwelling over the store or A.
P. Patrick fy Co., wcllculeulotcd for
a private Hoarding lloiise, w present
occupied bv Petit Lewis. Also, the
StoreToccupied *rW. T- Sage. »6' vcn
A. P. PATRICK.
Juno 25 155 . . . tl .
Delivered by Hiram Warner, at Knoxville, Craw
ford, county, Ga. July 4, 1832.
Friends nnd Fellow-Citizen»—Fitly nud six'
times has the sun performed his annual revolu
tion, sin.ee the American Colonies were declared
to bo free and-independent—Fifty aiul six was
the number of those unexampled patriots who
signed that Declaration of Independence, just
read in your hearing, 4t a crisis, too, which tried
men’s souls, plodged their lives, their fortunes,
and sacred honors, to support it. 'How many of
them now remain to speak forth their noble deeds
of other days? Alas! but one of that immortal
band is heard on earth to answer to his name;—
and, ere now, his spirit may have fled to Him
who gave it; for this is a' day on which our heav
enly Father delights to call those patriots homo.
Time, which no human arm can stay, has
moved onward ia its -course, until fifty nnd six
years have rolled away, since the American peo
ple declared themselves emancipated from the
thraldom of British tyranny; and wo aro, ns yet,
a united, prosperous nnd happy people. Let all
our hearts bo filled yitll gratitudo nnd thanksgiv
ing to that God, from whom all blessings flow, for
.... his kiiulnoss nml protection. But, while we have
abundant cause to rejoice that wo aro yet pre
served ns a united, prosperous and happy peoplo,
we havo nlso cause to mourn. There has bcou
n dark cloud gathering around our political hor
izon, for some timo past, which threatens de
struction to our Union, prosperity and happiness.
That there has boon a deliberate plan formed, by
ambitious and designing politicians, to dissolve
tbo Uuion of the States, l.do most sincerely bo-
liovc—That this plan is In the progress of cpn-
summation, but little doubt is entertained—That
regularly organized meetings have been held m
which this subject has been gravely discussed, is
nlso believed. Disregarding the last farewell ad
monitions of the Father of our common Country,
certain loading politicians iu a neighboring State,
secretly countenanced by men high in authority
in our own State, ore, at this moment, mdustn-
ously laboring to prepare the miuds of the peo
ple to cinbraco their baneful doctrine—a doctrine
unknown to the Constitution, perfectly at war
with that instrument, aud, in its practical oflect.
entirely destructive of that Union of the States so
essential to tho preservation of American liberty.
This now-fangled and dangerous doctrine i* call
ed Nullification, a namo quito significant of itself,
for the purposes intended to he ttr,comph*hcd by
tho authors of it. This doctrine of Nullification
(in its general received senso) is understood to bo
tho right of a single State to judge, for benelf,
and pronounce upon, the constitutionality of the
acts of the Congress of the United States, or, m
other ivord., that a single State has the right, m
her sovereign capacity, to judgo of, aud prououuco
upon, the constitutionality of a law of the Con
gress of thu United States, without anv refcreuco
whatever to tho/arms prescribed b » lh * CoRiti-
tution for that purpose. and to resist tho operation
of that law so tar as such State is concerned.
In ever, well regulated^ov^rameat.d.cramu..
W Ucavm E.-X. SHELTON
fV tny ageut during u.y ha-
nuihorizwl to collect the
exist a supreme laW;making power, commanding
what is right, nml prohibiting what >»
Tliis power, by tho Constitution, isi vested in the
A e .ui Itnltn.l Stairs. The grant IS ex-
Congress of the United States. The grant
prcssly made in tho Cor.stiuition, by tbs dele
gate. if the several States. Tbo compact is rr-
icuted, aud each State is a party to it. It there
fore equally biuding on all the States, or it -ts
liinding upon none of them
Ench State, on-the
adoplion Sf rhrcowritution, yielded up a portion
Fitch L- Wordin; and I would mice move invite
those iudehted to eitfr and paflhe*«UI«' ,0 “5
roit - • flPflSHWKR
to K ,h. -koi,.
strument was tlio’reiult of mature »e*e«tion and
cmmirnmisiL for ihe purpose of forming a more
lierfeet Union, to establish justice, eusnre i.omcstic
Irauqifilitv. previde for the common defence, pro-
jnoto the general wrifzre. and secure the bli sstngs
•f jiberu to those who framed it and their posterity.
We must lake the Coostituttou *» it 1,-1
wiri. it ta be. If the ,wo P le of any State
dislike iu provision*—if they aro tired of h-. .. c
under them—they can either resort to thb cJiwti-
tutionul mode of redress, by proposing tho call
of a Convention for the purpose of amending the
Constitution, or, if thcy-chooso'to do so, can
throw oil' all allegiance, nml be in an open at'ato
of rebellion, both to.the laws and’Coii-itilUliou;
but I do couteiiil, there is no middle grouud be
tween submission' to the .Cmwtitution/and .open
rcbellidu, dinguixo the mode of operation ns yoii
please. According to the doctrine of Nullifica
tion, one State can control the action of twenty-
three. by tbo interposition of hor sovereign pow
er. ' To admit this doctrine, for a moment, would
bo entirely destructive of tho mniu object hud in
view iu tho formation of tho Constitution. It
would also contravene ono vital principle inci
dent to nil republican governments, that a majori
ty must govern—wherons, according to the ground
assumed by the Nullifiers, a minority would gov
ern—one State control tho action of tweuty-three.
This mongrel doctrine has no w arrant iu the Con
stitution for its oxercise, aud is alike subversive
of the Union of tho States, as it is tbo offspring of
bosoms fermenting with disappointed ambition.—
If yoa ‘have a written Constitution, you must
conform to its provisions—you must bo within
the pale of tho Constitution, or you must be with
out. You cannot claim protection under it, when
tho same suits your convenience, aud disclaim its
hindiug effect, when the samo does not exactly
suit your purpose. One State cannot be a mem
ber of the Union today, nnd without it tomorrow;
or, accordiug to tho late discovery, half w ithin,
and half without. She must either bo for the
Uniou, or she must be against it. That there are
some men who honestly entertaiu this illegitimate
doctrine, is not to-be doubted. Tho Apostle
Paul thought .ho was right when he persecuted
the Gentiles, but when bis eyes were opened, as
to the consequences of iiis strange conduct, he saw
his error, and confessed his bids. However in-
tiocent those may he who surrender their opinions
upon this subject, without an investigation, de
pend upon it, tho leaders in Ibis grand drama
caunol plead such an excuse. It is their object
to wean the affections of the people from their
constitutional government, under the specious
pretext that they alone nro tho sole champions of
their rights. Tlint the Constitution, framed by
Washington, Franklin, Madison,, and others,
whose names are dear to the American people,
is uot sufficient for that purpose. Great la
bor lias been exerted to show, that their favorite
doctrine of Nullification is perfectly innocent in
its consequences<#.This is highly necessary to
ensure success. What man or-set of men ever
plotted tho destruction of any government, who
did uot pqrsue a similar course?. First, poison'the
public mind by their pretended innocent measures
Until they have acquired sufficient strength; theu
to the accomplismont of their unhallowed object.
Could thq immortal Washington aud his aisoci
ates be permitted to appear before the people of
this mighty republic this day. with that holy fire
of patriotism burning in their bosoms which so
fearlessly prompted them ip action; in seventy-
six; looting round upon thoir descendants, should
call upon them to rally nrouml tho standard of
their country’s glory, a’nd receive the blessing a-
warded to the faithful—do you think the Arch
Nullificr and his tgsociates would bo permitted to
.have a place among them? . No,-fellow-citizens:
they would be hurled from their presence, as the
rebel angels were hurled from thtf court of Heav-
cn, aud be eternally consigned to that place w hich
the sober judgpicnt of tho American peoplo
has long sittco prepared for them. Can it be
possible, we shall ever hecomo insensible to the
incalculable benefits which we annually derive,
under our happy form of government? Can the i-
dea bo indulged, for a moment, that wo shall lie
so lost to n sense of gratitude towards those who
offered up their nil upon the altar of their coun
try’s .good, nud more especially .tow-ards Ifim,
who by his guardian enre, led them safely through
tho perils of the Revolution, as to presume to
ealculato the value of that Union which has secitr-
ed to us such signal blessings, and communded
tho admiration of the world? Shall wo now,
while the lamp oflibcrty is fairly blazing, when
that fabric which cost our illastrions ancestors so
much toil, blood and treasure to erect? Better
would it bo. far a millstone to bo banged found
tbo uecks of those dhorginiicrl of llio govern
ment, and ihcv thrown into the middle of .the o-
ocoan, than tills happy coumry should ever lib-
come a “howling wilderness" to satisfy tb-ir in
satiate ambition. It cannot fail to cx-.-lte rii-
deepest couccrn in the bu«ml of every true pat
riot who has tho welfare of the country of heart,
to witness tho daily nttacki that ore made upon
the free mstiintioni of his country, by different
classes ofinen who have been cherished and pro-
tectad by them—institutions which, iiy their *n-
lutnry influeuca aud example, have enosed; the
bands of tyranny to be loosened, aud the mon
arch to tremble for his throne.
While tho Chief Magistrate of thetiatimi, who
is the organ of the people, placod on tho watch-
tower of tho government hy them, annually pro
claims, that our whole country is prosperous and
happy, yet there are to he found thoso who strive
to inculcate the Idea, that wo are n miserable,
wretche.d and oppressed peoplo, the evidence of
our own senses, to the contrary notwithstanding.
Cast your eyes over tho map of tile world, nud
say where is tho nntiou. on the face of tiio earth,
with which you would ho willing to exchange
your condition? Compare your aituation with,
that of anv other people, knowu to tho cmlizcd
world, having a regular organised government,
ntld it will ho frfuud that you pay less tax nud en
joy a greater share of human happiness than any
other—oven the most favored on this terrestrial
globe. • Tell mo, then, why these things are so?
Why is it, in tho latter days, tho work of thoso
whose deeds wo have assembled this day to celo-
brate have fallen into such disrepute with somo
of our countrymen? I* it because they, wlio ccn-
inre and abuso the government at tins period,
nnd labor to convinco the people that they ore
oppressed, possess n better knowledge of the pro
visions of the Constitution, than those who fram
ed that instrument and first acted under a? Or
is it because there ore so many ambitious politi
cians in the county who find it necessary to cre
ate some groat political excitement, to secure th«ir
elevation to powqr! These questions, partyco-
larly at this time, deserve a serious consideration.
The careful observer cannot fail to notice, that
those whose vociferations nre loudest against-the
government of our common country, oml who fa
vor this.illegitimato-doctrine of nullification, may,
with propriety, bo divided into three general,
classes: First, tlioie talented, nmbiiiaui, design
ing, diJ-ilipn/'d'-dpoliticians w ho contributed much
to sustain the government, so long os there teas
any prospeet of their elevation to power under it;
but whoso hopes of success, being now forever
blftted. they direct all their energies towards the
destruction of that Uniou over winch they have
not been permitted to assume any share m uiaex-
ecutive control. It is the policy of -urli polinci-!
ans to sour tho minds of the common people a-1
interests. Indulging the hope, that, by persuading
tho peoplo they me grievously opprcsqii, tk«y
will he able to work a 'revolution, w bicb will pro
duce anarchy and coufu-iou, whereby they inny .
he enabled to possess themselves of tli# supreme
poweroversome of the brokcn Jraguieiiu.. Sncli
are tite-amhitioue and tffprawLiratures of sonio
then, that they would rather rpign in hell thau en
joy n happy obedience iu beiu-eu. There it
another class of politicians who ought to be no
ticed at this time. It it those whp have bht llt-
.tlo merit of-their own to recommend them to pub
lic notice, .although gifted with lofty ideas of their
own worth and consequence, who know,as little
about the practical oparation ofthoeaactmentsof
the General Government as n llotcntot, but who
havo been extremely active for their party on all oc
casions; consequently, claim lobe elevated to im
portant stations as the reword of their supposed se
rvices. Such men aro always tlmmost clamorous
about tho people’s rights, as if the people did not
understand theiroum rights tbemseltws. They talk
loudly of the oppressions of tho people by the gov
ernment,.a.s if tho people Could not ascertaiu tliat
fact, (if it existed.) without tlicir nssiitjiuce. I incl-
fy wlicii you como In learn tlu-ir Gw character, they . _
nretho merciariruiiicntsbf those talented,dcs-lgR-*
ing-poiidcians. who always si lect sucA demagogues -
to promulgate nnd trumpet forth tltelrncasonablu
ilnntvinnj llllv tlicir vi.irp via mnv Ifnmv llit*rr».**
doctrines. “By tlicir voice yo mny know them.
Tho second class of persons who censure and a-
huso the government most extravagantly, aro
those village politicians comprising the pettifog
ging lawyer, the quack doctor, the broken mer
chant, and tho lazy of every profession, who nre
to ho found lounging about the streets in ell the-
villages of the Stafc, without any visible means
of employment. Those sago personages, “ wiser
in their ow n conceit, than sevetf.men can render
n reason," assume to tliemscivos the prerogative
of acting as censors over tho Conduct of those
who administer tbo government of the nation.
The people, say they, are most shockingly oppre*-;
sed by the unconstitutional enactments of Gent-; i
gross. Wo wit! hot submit to sueh tyrannical u-
surpation of our right*; our vital interests will be'
destroyed unloss some prompt: nnd decisive men-'
sure* be adopted. Aud when their torpid syrttmr
'become excited by copious draughts of Cognac
brandy,.they talk ol nullification nnd ahoul fight
ing tlicir rights, and are as valient as Falstnff
-wneioe encountered tho men in hu'ckratn suits—'
while ra truth, and in fact, tlwy have no substan
tial interests to bo affected by any government.
One government is as good ns another for them,
although, 1 have no doubt, a majority of them
yvoitld prefer a gnvqrument without order nud
without laws, as justice, administered according
to law, iaAho'imly oppression which iaqh nj«x
really dread.. The third nnd last general class of
persons' -who aro so much dissatisfied with tbo
laws of their-own government, aud Rrs continu
ally iiivoigliing against iU oppressive enactments,
are: those who have been raised in'tho Inp of lux-
without a correct knowledge of cither laboj- ■
or economy.’ Their pnrcHta, anxious to provide
for the welfare of their sons, had, by practical in
dustry aud economy themselves, acquired hand
some estates, of which their sons become posses*-'
cd at tlwir doath. As thoir parents have taken
great pains to raise their sons gentlemen, I wM,
therefore, hy'way of distinction, denominate (nr,
class of persons gentlemen farmers. From .tho '•
hard earnings of their deceased parents, they are
enabled to purchase the best land in the neigh
borhood where they settle, with a sufficient num
ber of hand* to work, it, as well as every other
thing necessary to carry ou their farms wruli u>r-.
coss aud profit. But linving been raised gentle- .
men, they have no practical knowledge of man-*.,
aging their business in a husbandilke maimer.—
So th» management of their plantations must ne
cessarily bo eutfurtpd to overseers, while they, '
richly attired in. British goods, (instead of their
own domestic manufactures) are riding about
tho couutry, indulging in every species of extra
vagance. Two or three years elapse, when' they
find themselves largely involved in flebt. Being j
unwilling to acknowledge the truo cause uf their -
arrears,, but anxious for some excuse, (a* meii
while the lamp ot imcrty is tniriy mazing, wucu arrears,, mu nnxiuus iur »muu *»*«■*, yi* men..
the eyes of all nations nro upon u», by our intes-j , w ho neglect tlicir ow n business nlw ays arc) tlisy
tine feuds, turmoils and dissensions, rend in twain] nttrihirto it all to the oppressive tariff laws oT
Congress. During tho most busy season of lb*
year, when every industrious practical fanner is
entirely engaged in his crop, you can always find
some of tboye gent.'- man fmiurs at a country
piiit-olfii'O.oii mail dnjs, and other public places,
c|iid iu superfine broadcloth, with a miUifieaiiim
newspaper in one-hand, making viidint gesticu-
?</!foMl withlhe other, and desrautiug largely up
on the oppressive euacmicuts of the government.
Oh! tho accursed tnrill'! We shall in ale limbing
by our craps' this ye»'ri. We bad much ralber
live uuder (he-Blwli Rivcruineut, than cudur*
such vrucl oppression!—Always ready to allege
their.misfortunes to.afty other chu-c than ibatoi
thcirownmi cundu-'i. Such an; the true sources
v.-b.-uc,' t'w-e r. >t> rat’d eoiupluiuts of oppression
oMlie part of-the government, originated. Such
are the true sources whence this bastard doctrine
of Nullification took its riso and continues to re
ceive its countenance.
• In the State of South Cnroiiim, where the doc
trine was first promulgated, it has flourished much
more luxuriantly than iu this State, or, indeed,
in any other State. Although warmly contested
there by some very able meu, the coinuiou jicoph
apnearto have surrendered thoirowo opimons to
abend of politicians. Without a thorough «x*un-
nmion of the subject, and have been led sway
for a time captive. A* yet, uullifiratioa lies no
‘fixed root in Georgin,'notwithstanding attempts
have constantly hocu making to plant the noxious
weed npon hor soil. Adverse wind* have scat
tered the germ amongst us; but 1 tntat, the good
sense of our people, their attachment to the I'niou.
cemented by the pure blood of patriots, will not
sufforit to tnko root within our borders. Geor
gia, true to herself, in tho regulation of her own
internal police, so'hr as respects nil those rights
not delegated to tho General Government, wil. I ,
trnst, long remain a bright star in that const! lla-
tioDt which it is hcrgloiy fo maintain, nml winch
proclaims protection to the oppressed of every,
nation wider Heaven. With regard to the con -
stitutiopnlity of the tariff law of 1828, which ha.
afforded such an excellent hobby, horse for a cur
tain class of politicians to ride into power, mid
which is the alleged pretext for nullification as
wellns disunion, 1 shill say but little at this time.
My own opinion is, that act was a fraud Npon ibo
Constitution.' Others, much wi»rr than myself,
think differently: who isright. it is unnere4snry
now to discuss'. The only question for the peoplo
to dotermino, is whether US effect produced upon,
their interests, by thq operation of that law, iv
sufficient to justify them hi open rebellion ngaic t
the Government whico enacled it, or, to use tin*
significant substitute, bdlHtoft? I address iny..df
to the plain, prseUcal. mJ.Miiou. planter, and
Ask him, how his interests have been affix te*l by
the tariff! Ifyoor.interests have been seriouslyiaf-
recte.lbyi..atwb,t,o,t 1 >u/. , ,L-ard,d yunTh^
discover itsdc.tn.ctive co,iscim m*! Dowthere
exist any necessity for yon to Pjtrcnase srt.rics of
Cloihicg subjjct to tHnff dutiqpl V * n . ) (
UI .Uio cuuiuiuu J.x.i,*.*- « i • a ,
Inst their government, and for that porpaso maunfactaro doe ^
gradually approach them through their supposed 1 uough fur anj