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Savannah daily herald. (Savannah, Ga.) 1865-1866, January 17, 1865, Image 1

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SAVANNAH DAILY HERALD. VOLUME Id ivo. o.| ; 18 P6KUBKEX) ; JSVBRY EVENING, SUNDAYS EXCEPTED, BT . ' a w. mason & co. TEBMB! P«t Copy. Five Cent*. Per Hnudred. $3 &•. Per Year ste 89, ABVEBTIBISfI : A limited numlfer of Advertisemeets will be re fed at the rate of Twenty Cents per Line for insertion, and Fifteen Cents per Line for each jeqaen r insertion; invariably in advanee. Ad feements should be handed in before noon of JOB PRINTING in every style, neatly and promptly done. NORTHERN NEWS. Fir Mer Exf Facte ta ear Jew ferk Fifes to January 11th. V'/v.'V'sA.'vr' Giacinnati, January 7.—General Bur liridge has removed his restrictions upon trine in Kentucky. "Resolutions were introduced into both Houses of the Kentucky Legislature yesterday declaring for the immediate abolition of slavery. Gov. Braude tie, in his message, recoin l..ends the gradual emancipation and ul timate removal of the slaves; rejoices over and thanks Generals Sherman and Thomas for their victories; denounces the unwarrantable arrest of Col. Wolford and taeUt. Gov. Jacob: says that hue obwjci in attempting to regulate the enlistment of slaves was not to save the institution, but the people of Kentucky from an unne cessary burden in its accomplishment; and declared that Kentucky has furnish ed nearly seventy-six thousand soldiers to he United States army. i iouisville, January 7. —J. Walker Taylor’s rebel forces occupied Owens boro until Friday, conscripting citizens and firing upon steamers when they left. The New Albany Ledger says the rebel guerillas have possession of Owensboro, Hawesville, Davenport and Hepderson. The Lebanon train was captured by a band of Magruder's guerillas near Le banon Junction yesterday afternoon. The passengers were robbed and the cars burned. The rebels brutally murdered four discharged soldiers of the 15tli Ken tucky. Taylor has established his headquar ters at Hawesville, and the citizens are fleeing across the Ohio to avoid con scription. St. Louis, Jan. it.—The convention to-day decided to completely reorgan ize the constitution, and passed a resolu tion for the appointment of a committee of eleven, to whom shall be referred the different articles of the constitution, and whose duty it shall be to report such amendments thereto as maybe deemed advisable. Albany, N. Y., Jan. J).—Attorney General Cochrane has given liis opinion that the vacancy occasioned in Congress by the resignation of Governor Fenton can onty be- filled at the next general election; therefore no special election will be ordered. Trenton, N. J., January 10. —The Le gislature met to-day, The Senate organ ized by electing Edward W. Schudder (Mercer) President; John A. Meeker (Essex). Secretary ? Isaac R. Wilson, En grossing Clerk, and all the old officers. The House met at three o'clock. A resolution that it shall require a majority to' elect the officers was offered, and a motion to table.it lost by a vote of JO to JO. It was then postponed until to morrow. A motion prevailed to proceed to the election of Speaker. The first ballot stood thirty for Taylor, Democrat (Mon mouth), and P.s tor Croswell ( Union), JRepimkatt. SAVANNAH, GrA., TUESDAY, JANUARY 17. 1865. The House then adjourned to meet at ten o’clock to-morrow. | General Thomas’Army and its Work. —The New York Times says: General Thomas, we learn, is concen trating his magnificent army at East port-, in the Northeastern corner of the State of Mississippi, near the point where the railroad to Mobile crosses the Memphis and Chattanooga road. He will thus hare the most convenient base of sup plies that our western array has had since Grant fought the battle of Shiloh— his line of communication being by waflf, on the Tennessee river. He has not only driven the rebels entirely out of Tennes see, but has put die State in a perfect condition of, defence, so that he may be free, at his convenience, to enter on his campaign southward. The public were probably surprised at the information which we gave, on the yery best authority, that Thomas’ army is this day twice as strong as it was when he began his late great and glorious cam paign against Hood; that he had been so reinforced, and had so concentrated the troops in his department, that he has now in hand forty thousand veterans, and a splendid cavalry force. Late Rebel Papers. A VARIETY OF INTERESTING EXTRACTS. HOOD'S MOVEMENTS, ” A private of the *d KentifekV'regi ment of cavalry, who left the army of Tennessee at Pulaski, on the 22d De cember, gives more encouraging accounts of the recent operations aud condition ot that army than we have heretofore had. The only serious disaster with which our arms met was at Nashville. There our lines were attacked in strong force by the enemy. Two brigades (a Georgia and Florida, reported) of Bates’ division, gave way and tied precipitately frohi the held. This opened the way for the enemy to enter our lines, of which they availed jhemselvcs, and at one time the most serious consequences were iui nent. A portion of Cheatham’s corps were called upon to re-establish the line, which they did, but not until we had lost considerably in prisoners and heavy ar tillery. This occasioned the retreat from Nashville. Skirmishing was kept up from that point to Rutherfords Creek, lour miles from Columbia, where- there was a more determined engagement, Lee's corps of our army being princi pally engaged. In that light the Yan kees were badly worsted, losing both prisoners and a number of pieces of ar tillery. At that point the pursuit by the enemy stopped. Our infantry continued its way without interruption. Forrest remained in Columbia two days after Hood left, and then look up his line of march toward the Tennessee. There was no straggling or desertions on the retreat, and no demoralization either among the troops or people. Socks and jeans were brought out by men and wo men of (he country ana given to the troops, with encouraging words. The citizens besought the solaieis to be of good cheei, that the time would yet come when the Confederates would come back to stay. It was l>elieved that’a sufficient ( number of recruits had been received to make up the losses in battle. The most j discouraging feature mentioned, says the | Montgomery Advertiser, is the lack of ! confidence expressed by the troops in j their commander. If this report be true, and it is certain- j l;jr entitled to as much confidence as the l ankee statements, we are not yet re duced. to the desperate condition the alarmists would have us believe.— Thomas is too badly crippled to to annoy us for some time to and > the Army of Tennessee is in position and condition to render essential service dur ing the remainder of the campaign in i either Alabama, Georgia or South Caro lina.—Charleston Otvncr, Vlth. TWO gladiators. The Confederacy at this moment, is in much the condition of a man who, hav ing more than once got his enemy under him, with his knee upon his breast, and his hamfjpon his throat, is, while in the act of dealing him his deathblow, assail ed from behind by one whom he had supposed to be his best friend, whilst the enemy Is released from his grasp for the third or fourth time. Staggering upon his legs from repeated blows from be hind, confronting his released and en ranged antagonist—^weakened in strength, shaken in nerve J sick at heart—his ef forts all vain, his skill all vain, his suc cess ali vain, exhausted by his long strug gle, stunned by the foul blows, reeling, He still bears up and endeavors to sum mon back his ebbing energies. If con quered, he falls not by the force of the enemy in front, but by the unlooked tor blows from behind. Yet had he expect-* ed this foul play, could he at any time by one effort have felled this puny creature in his rear. Even yes he might free him self of Ms presence, and, retreating slowly before his antagonist in front, gradually collect his strength and hurl him back to the ground. Will he do it ? or will he sufier himself to perish by this foul play Charleston Mercury , 9t/>, The War News.-—The most interest ing news brought by Northern papers, is the announcement that, Butlers much talked of Dutch Gap canal has at length been completed. The importance of this news remains to be seen. If it is a suc cess, that is, if it admits the passage through it of the Yankee fleet, it is an important work to the enemy, inasmuch as it puts them about six miles nearer Richmond by water than they would be bad they been obliged to make the trip around Farrar's island, which is the name of the peninsula of which Dutch Gap was the isthmus. If it. proves unnavigable to monitors end gun bo ass, the whole vast undertaking is so much time and labor lost. But even should it float the moni tors comfortably, it is yet to Be tested whether our batteries on the South side of James river and West of the gap will not effectually blockade its navigation. We hope and think they will. —[ Chark.s ton Courier, ] 2th. To Curb Camp Itch.—Take a pound of fresh poke root, mash it, and boil a quarter of an hour, with water; add four pounds lard, and stew till the fibres of the root feel dry; >. e ., till all the water is evaporated; then strain. Rub at night on the afflicted parts very thinly. Sure cure.— Mercurt/, Ydth. ' ' Tub Provost Guard.-— The fact that a few prowling stragg ers in the garb of soldiers have been umvarrantiy assum ing the functions of a provost guard, stopping and robbing negroes, and in some cases, white men. has thrown dis credit upon many of patrols of the l;o«- fide provost guard. In order, therefore to prevent mistakes, we would mention that there is a genuifte provost guard, re lief parties from which perform the on erous duty of patrolling the streets at ail hours, night and day, and the best plan for citizens and others, when challenged, will be to show T their papers without delay.— -Mercury, 9 ih* Cotton in Savannah.— The Southern Confederacy learns from a high official souic3 that that there were about UO,- 000? bales of cotton in Savannah at the tin; Sherman entered it. Near 120,000 bales of the amount belonged.to foreign merchants and cannot be interfered with. The remaining 30,000 belonged to Amer ican merchants. It is said that all ol* General Quailef SU& who were with Food'- army ic the battle of Franklin, were either killed or waUßded.— Mercury. SfßTOsios OF Travel Conthibbd.— Ihe Augusta Chronicle says the com mandant of the post leceived orders last night to continue the suspension ot travel over the South Carolina Itailro&d for an other Week. Many a one went away troin the depot disappointed this moni -IB- going to the depot on such a ramy, disagreeable morning, it was real ly too bad to turn round and go home again. It is said the embargo will be removed next Friday. Last week it was said it would be removed yesterday. Oxr Hundred Dollars Reward. - Runaway on the 29th ult., my negro pan named Tan, aged about 22 y& r* jn color Dearly blank, 5 feet 11 inches''in height, fine set of teeth, and quite sprightly when spoken to. He is very plausible, and well calculated to deoem: any one. He wore a suit of country made clothing. The above reward wit be paid for bis delivery to me or, lodfe. and in the Work House of Charleston or in < anr Jail in the country. L. Cannon, Mount Holly, 3. Q. NERVE. [From .be CharlMtOß Weekljr Merciry, Jan. 12. The grand crying deficiency in our af fairs, political ‘ana military, is, and has ever been, the want of nerve— demagog ism in politics, and demagogigm In the armies—fear of the populace, and ffftai of the soldiery. Yet both people and armies are above their leaders. Both are more enduring, both braver, both more competent to the crisis. It is the weak- those in power that has well nigh killed the cause, not the mass of intelli gent men who originated and have up held it through all adversities, in spite of Congressional and Executive folly ai:d vice. What we most want no v, aLd have ever needed, is nerve, not to breol: law, but to enforce law; nerve, go? lo run" into excess and illegality, but to main tain an inflexible obedience to law and duty. Nerve to be steady and unaher/i --ble, not the pie umpaicus arroga’ ee j;o outstep law and assure - power; nerve t<> face the enemy, not nerve to 1 ullv aul oppress friends. We want nerve in Con - ! gross, we want nerve in our Generals. It is nerve that has carried Sherman to Sa vannah—it is that which is now carrying him to cut the Confederacy in half, if is is an army of discipline-—an army of soldiert-^ inot ft mob of ragamuffins Jit* had no generals with rolls' of twenty or thirty thousand men, and twenty or thirty hundred in the field. Ilis men stand to their guns-not to people’s chick en coops and barn yards. His men are full in hand at theii posts. He holds them there. He is a general. The con dition of the Confederate soldiery in This Department (and others are little better) ; is a disgrace to the cause, to the country, j and to the whole science of war. Is j there any Incompatibility between a : Confederate soldier and the discipline o! ' law ? We say no. It is deroagogism ! that says yes; or worse. It is cowardice. ! The A 7 mighty never made a race of me» that cannot be made subject to disci i pline. The world has no use for such ruffians. Law is supreme. Ob< dience 1 to law is civilization. Are we not civilized? We are. Yet everywhere does lawless ness and disregard ut authority prevail. And why ? Because everywhere in the army and in the government is Jacking the nerve to enforce the performance of duty. Most conspicuously deficient of all ethers, is the body of Congress itself —both House and Senate. Both lie prostrate at the feet of the Executive both fail to perform i heir functions. They neither exact obedience of the E x ecutive—and he renders them none. The Executive himself is u'most illustrious and pernicious example of contempt of law, and of enforcing obedience to law on ©rters. ‘b wof ;te Conatitutie* U FBICE 1 (Five Gemts.