SAVANNAH DAILY HERALD.
TVo. 10. I
EVERY EVENING, SUNDAYS EXCEPTED,
S3. W. MASON «& CO.
At 111 Bay Street, Savannah, Georgia,
Per Copy .Five Cents.
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Per Year $lO 00.
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vertisements should be handed* in before noon of
In every style, neatly and promptly done.
GOV. ANDREW ON THE WAR.
We make the following extract from
the Message of Governor Andrew, of
Massachusetts, in the Legislature :
The proposal to amend the Federal
Constitution by empowering Congress to
abolish slavery is urged by the President,
in his last annual message, upon the re
consideration ol the House of* Represen
tativeg. In the Senate it has receiv-*
ed the needful two-third majority. In
the House it barely failed. It is hoped
that reconsideration may disclose a
change of votes, and establish the adop
tion by the present Congress of a mea
sure which will ultimately extinguish
slavery and prohibit it forever.
If this shall be done, it will be the
welcome duty and the lasting honor of
the present GeneraKCourt to ratify the
amendment on the part of Massachu
setts. If it shall fail, I trust the Presi
dent will promptly call a special session
of the new Congress, by which its adop
tion mav be considered certain. It
would well become the Legislature of
the Commonwealth,. in such an .emer
gency, by solemn resolution, to request -
Hie President to convene Congress for a
duty so grand in purpose, as well as
practical in character and exigent in im
I venture also to suggest the proposi
ffcrn of an amendment to the Federal
Constitution, repealing its inhibition of
duties on exports. A moderate tax on
the exportation of cotton, and perhaps
of some other articles, might be levied
by Congress, which would materially in
crease the national revenue, without di
minishing the production or sale of
thpse articles; wjqle at the same time
indirectly promo-- ng their manufacturer
at home, and thus strengthening tha
country in its competition against othes
nations in the markets of the world.
Had the rebellion been successful, the
Southern policy would have been to im
pose a light revenue duty on exports,
(which would have affected the North
ern as well as the European buyers,) and
, also to impose a greatly reduced duty on
European manufactures. Thus on ~ in
j. troduction of foreign manufactured
foods into the South, they hoped by
iscriminating against our manufactures,
jtnd by controlling seven-eighths of the
navigable rivers of the continent, and of
their reach into the interior, to smuggle
foreign goods into the West and North
west, despite the laws of the United
States—with the intent to disintegrate
the free States; to break down American
manufactures, discourage skilled, intelli
gent labor, and reduce the laboring clas
ses, by measures alike audacious and in
sidious, to the dependence held by the
slave power appropriate for the masses
of men. -
I desire to see not only slavery extir
pated, but its' policy reserved, and an
American policy inaugurated which will
SAVANNAH, GA., SATURDAY, JANUARY 21. 1865.
secure at once the freedom of the people,
the strength of the Government, and the
independence of American industry.
The statesmanship of the future gives
cause for more anxiety than any milita
ry concern of the present. How to
combine the austerity of a Government
determined to vindicate its rightful pow
er, with the parental forbearance which
discriminates those who are swept into
the current of treason from those who
are the wanton architects of ruin; this
is one of the problems. For myself, I
would counsel forgiveness to the masses
of our countrymen, hurried, precipita ed
by a superior power dominating their in
telligence and their capacity of resist
ance, into the vortex of a ruin they nei
ther foresaw nor even yet comprehend.—
Cheated, misguided, conscribed, over
whelmed, they have b een led to battle
by the light of their blazing homes.—
They have periled their own lives while
they have assailed ours, without com
prehending the occasion of the war, and
without the ability to avoid it. Victims
of an evil, subjects of a wrong which in
volved their own fate, they were unable
to escape its meshes or resist its power.
Let the people of Massachusetts remem
ber that the poor , oppressed democracy
of Georgia and the Carolinas are their
brethren. We fight to carry the school
house, the tree press, the free ballot, and
all the independent manhood of our own
New England liberty to the people of the
sl#ve-ridden South. Delivering them
from their oppressors—as Maryland has
just now delivered herself—let .them en
joy with us the fruit and feast of victory.
Nor let sentimental politics surrender
either them, or the black man with whom
they have shared the voiceless woe of
his servitude, or the country on whose
fate our own depends, to the possibili
ties of any reactionary theory. So, too,
let the color of an African extraction, so
long the badge of slavery, cease to be
the badge of exclusion from any of the
privileges of citizenship. Let intelligent
manhood enjoy that recognition, and
reap its due reward. Then we will re
store government, order and society.
Then we will reconstruct the States in
rebellion on a ground of principle and
fait!§ which will command the friendship
of the nations, the sympathy of man
kind, and the benediction Qt God.
The old Hall of the House of Repre
sentatives at Washington, with which is
associated the fame, the wisdom and the
eloquence of so many American states
men, has been set apart by Congress for
a National Gallery of Statuary, com
memorative of citizens illustrious for
their historic renown, or distinguished
civic or military service, whose careers*
on earth have ended. Each State will
be invited to furnish two statues in mar
ble or bronze. Many years will elapse
before this gallery of historic Art will be
complete. But there are already names
ample in number, belonging to history,
and forming a part of the renown of
our ancient Commonwealth—venerable
names of men over whose graves retreat
ing Time has long cast his shadow, and
of whom such monumental commemor
ation would be worthy and becoming.
I respectfully recommend the appoint
ment of a Commission to report during
the present session a plan of co-opera
tion on the part of Massachusetts in this
eminently patriotic national design.
If these honors are paid to the heroes
and sages of the past, what commemor
ation awaits those who in this generation
shall command the gratitude of poster-,
In the vestibule of the Capitol of the
Commonwealth, you passed through to
this hall of your deliberations beneath a
hundred battle-flags, war-worn, be
grimed, and bloody. They are sad but
proud memorials of the transcendent
crime of rebellion, the curse of slavery,
the elastic* energy of a free Common-
wealth, and the glory and the grief of
There has been no loyal army, the
shout of whose victory has not drowned
the dying sigh of a son of Massachu
setts. . There has been no victory gained
which her blood has not helped to win,
Since the war began, four hundred and
thirty-four officers whose commissions
bore our seal, or who were promoted by
the President to higher than regimental
commands, have tasted death in defence
of their country’s flag.
The names of nine General officers,
sixteen Colonels, seventeen Lieutenant
Colonels, twenty Majors, six Surgeons,
nine Assistant Surgeons, two Chaplains,
one hundred and ten Captains, and two
hundred and forty-five Lieutenants, il
lustrate their Roll of Honor. Nor will
the history be deemed complete, nor our
duty done, * until the fate and fame of
every man—to the humblest private of
them all—shall have been inscribed upon
them the records of this Capitol—there
to remain, I trust, until the earth and
sea shall give up their dead. And thus
shall the Capitol itself become for every
soldier-son of ours a monument.
“Nothing is here for tears, nothing for wail
Or knock the breast, no weakness, no contempt.
Dispraise or blame, nothing hut well and fair,
And what may quiet us in a death so noble.
Then plant it round with shade
Os laurel evergreen, and branching palm,
With all his trophies hung, and acta enroll’d
In copious legend or sweet lyric song.
Thither shall all the valiant youth resort,
And from his memory inflame their breasts
To matchless valor and adventure high ;
The virgins also on festal days
Visit his tomb with flowers.”
The Wreck of the Melville.
Further and Interesting Par
[From the N. Y. Herald, Jan. 14 ]
We have from William Kennedy, the
third engineer of the unfortunate steam
ship Melville- an account of the wreck
of which we published yesterday—the
following additional details of the disas
ter. It was aoout half-past ten o’clock
at night when the bows of the vessel
were stove in. The captain was on
deck at the time, and, knowing that
there was a bulkhead which cut off a
compartment in the bows of the vessel,
and which had saved the ship on a pre
vious voyage, he assured those on board
that he still felt confidence in the ship
and that the compartment would secure
Soon afterwards it was discovered
that the hold of the ship was filling, and
that the bulkhead was only useful in
prolonging the career of the vessel for a
few hours, but unable to save her. The
male passengers rushed for the boat, in
which the captain was subsequently lost,
with the intention of embarking in it
and saving themselves. . The captain
in his efforts to prevent this, got into the
boat, and the sea carried her away, and
she was soon swamped with all on board
of her. The fires of the engines were
extinguished by the water soon after it
commenced rushing in.
About midnight the sea was calm,
comparatively, and becoming more so
gradually. R continued thus till noon
next day, when the steamer went down.
Many of the lady passengers were sea
sick and some of the gentlemen, and
this contributed much towards keeping
them quiet. There was no unusual
noise from the time the clanger was first
discovered till the last person was swal
lowed by the waves. The boat in which
our informnt was, was swamped no less
than thirteen times, but it was a life
boat, anu always rose again.
Every one on board had a lile-preser
ver when the ship went down, and these
kept them afloat for hours? during which
time they were engaged in devotional
exercises, such as prayer and singing ;
but from these the unfortunate people
disappeared one by one, as they suc
cumbed to cold and exhaustion, leaving
only the life-preservers to show that they
had existed. The schooner which was
in sight of the wreck is much blamed by
our informant, who says that she could
have saved every one on board the Mel
ville if her commander had been a hu
mane man. He exonerates the captain
of the steamer from all blame, and be
lieves he did the best he could um’er the
Among the passengers of the unfortu
nate steamer was Mr. P. Osborne, the
father of our deceased correspondent,
Mr. Galen IT. Osborne. He came on
from Hilton Head in the Fulton, with
the body of his son, and had taken pas
sage in the Ceres on his return to Beau
fort, but changed his mind and took pas
sage in the Melville, and was lost with
One of the last persons drowned was
the stewardess, who held on to the boat
which saved Mr. Kennedy and his com
panions till she was exhausted. Our in
formant believes that the four persons
brought to this port are the only ones
saved out of all on board.
DIRCE FOR A SOLDIER.
BY GEORGE 11. UOKER.
“Close his eyes: his work is done!
What to him is friend or iooman,
Rise of moon, or set of sun.
Ilanfl of man, or kiss of woman!
Lay him low, lay him low, '
In the clover or the snow !
What cares he 1 he camiot know!
Lay him low.
As man may, he fought his fight,
Proved his troth by gis endeavor;
Let him sleep in solemn right.
Sleep forever and forever.
Lay him low, lay him low,
In the clover or the snow I
What cares he ? lie cannot know ;
Lay him low !
Fold in his country’s stars,
Rollthe drum and fire the volley !
What to him are all our wars,
What but, death bemocklng folly ?
Lay him low, lay him low,
In the ?!over or the snow !
What cares ho ! he cannot know;
Lay him low !
Leave him to* God's watching eye,
Trust him to the hand that made him.
Mortal love weeps icily by :
God alone has power to aid him.
Lay him low, lay him low.
In the clover or the snow !
What cares he? ho cannot know:
Lay him low !
Tuk Free School. —The .Jacksonville
Free Schpol is now in full operation
again, lumng commenced its session on
the 2d inst. It is somewhat more
thoroughly organized and will be con
ducted with a view of making it a per
manent institution in the town— Florida
An Irish beggar recently made his ap
pearance at a New York hotel, when the
landlord said to him, “Why don t you go
to work ? A hearty man like you should
not be seen begging. - ’ He said he could
not get work. “Well, then, enter the
.army. There you can get four hundred
dollars bounty money, besides thirteen
dollars a month and found.” “Found!”
replied Pat, “yes, be jabers, found dead
on the battle field !
Mr. Rogers was requested by Lady
Holland to ask Sir Philip Francis wheth
er he was the Junius. The post ap
proached the knight, “Will you, Sir
Philip —will your kindness excuse me
addressing to you a single question ?"
“At your peril, sir,” was the harsh and
laconic answer. Tiie intimidated bard
retreated to his friends, who. eagerly
asked him the result of his iqmhpation.
“ I don’t know,’ - he replied, “whether he
is Junius; but if he be, he • certainly
Junius Brutus ' lli: :4>