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Savannah daily herald. (Savannah, Ga.) 1865-1866, January 26, 1865, Image 1

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VOLUME ID No. 1.-1. / Ift PUBUSHKB JCVBSRY EVENING* SUNDAYS EXCEPTED, KY *4. W. MAHON CO. At 111 Bay Street, Saya-\s.\u, OweiteiA. TEBMB: Per Copy Five Cents. Per Hundred Per Year ste ADVERTISING : A limited njaiitiei’ of Advertiscmeets will be re c n» the rate of Twenty Cents per Line for fust insertion, anil Fifteen Cents per Line for each suhseQiien insertion ; invariably in advance. Ail vertisemeutfe should be handed, in before noon of each day. .) OB PIUXTI X G jn every style, neatly and promptly done. 3 Bays Later front the North. New It'uric D&Ses to Jan. Bramctton of <£enerai Terry. ANOTHER VISIT OP MR. BLAIR TO- RICHMOND. IOLTBBT WAR I£WS. TRADE WITH S.l V A !tf VA K . THE ( ANADi AN. PAULIAMENT, »feo.. <Ac., Ao. -’nelEY, Herald, .Tan. 20.] Sr., will start on a feA’Ond visit to the rebel capital to-day. .What the nature or object of his mission is has not be n made public. Last Mon day's Richmond Whig slated that Mr. Blair carried to Washington an auto graph letter from Jell Davis, “express 'll g his willingness vo send or receive eouiaussioiieris authorhad to negotiate a peacec’ Tu.ire have been no hew military m wemcnts in the armies before the rebel capital to notice. On Tuesday of this week a party of guerillas made a dash into Bardstovvn, Kentuciiy, and set lire to the railroad station, which was consumed. A Air. Sanbefiy was burneu to death in the building’. The national troops of the garrison soon rallied, and a severe fight took place, in which several were killed' and w ounded, the guerrillas being finally driven from the town and pursued lbr several miles It is thought that the leaders of the rebel army in Arkansas design to aban don that State entirely. They are said t< be concentrating their troops at Cam den for the- purpose ot moving south warti into Louisiana or Texas. Even the rebel citizens of Arkansas not in the army, have been ordered by AFagruder to remove to the south side*of the Red river. Guerrilla gangs, however, still in fest the northern section of the State.— Two detachments of national troops re cently went from Holla and Pilot Knob, Missouri, into the northern and north? eastern parts of Arkansas, for the pur pose of hunting up these marauders.— They came upon and broke up several of the gangs, and killed and captured a number of the members of them. Our Consul in Havana has communi cated the intelligence that the rebels are engaged in improving the harbor of St. Marks,, situated on St. Marks river, on the west coast of Florida, for the purpose *1 opening there an extensive blockade limning trade. St. Marks is connected, by :t railroad twenty-six miles in length, ■with the capital of the State of Florida, Taliahassee, of which it is the port. The harbor can be entered by vessels drawing t'yht Let of water. The Treasury Department is constant- SAVANNAH, GA., THURSDAY EVENING, JAN. 26, 1865. ]y receiving applications for permission to open trade with Savannah. The re ply to these is that until the President declares that port open clearances for t can only be made for military purposes and on the request of the Secretary ot War or the Navy. The Canadian Parliament convened at Quebec yesterday. The Governor Gen mal, in his address, alludes to his desire to preserve friendly relations with this country, and the efforts he lias made to prevent further raids 'by rebels from the province into the Northern States. In addition to the volunteer militia now in service tor this purpose, lie lias distri buted a force of detectives along the border. He asks for such legislation as will enable him more effectually to ac complish his objects in this respect. He favors the proposed colonial confedera tion. The exchange of national and rebel ' prisoners of war is again being proceeded with on James river, under the super vision of Commissioners Mulford and Ould Six hundred rebel officers and S privates from Point Lookout were taken ‘ so Aiken’s Lending yesterday to be ex ! changed for a like number of our own ! men. Special Dispatch to the N. Y. Tribune.’ Washington, Thursday, Jail. 19, 1865. One of die results of Secretary Stan ton's visit to Savannah is to solve the ; doubt as i-o the soundness of Gen. Slier | man on the negro question. That sol der's views and policy are those of the Government. His treatment of the ne groes of Savannah has inspired them with confidence, and they rely on him wholly. He has bore in his heart a great scheme for the benefit of their race in Georgia, and it is understood here j that the country will be electrified in a ' few days by an order from him parti j tinning among them the abandoned Sea ; Island properly of fugitive Rebel plan | ters, and establishing them in their new i freeholds .nd laying the foundation of a ! new special condition in the South, whose ! buperstrm wire but few politicians In the ; c '.entry me now permitted dearly to see. Gen. Terry was not; only confirmed by ! the Senate as Major-General of Volun ! leers, but was nominated as a Brigadier |in the Regular Army. He was confirm ! cd without reference, the first instance under tin*. Government in which a vol unteer was Huts snatched to the bosom ! of the Regular Army from that level. It is understood that the Secretary of | the Treasury has for t he present prohibit ! cd the issue of any more certificates for ! purchase of products of insurrectionary | States on Government account, in the j Stat ■ bordering on tlie Atlantic. It is ! further understood that appointments of ; purchasing agents will shortly be made jat Pensacola, Fcinandinu and oilier | points, wl ?u products will be allowed j to come forward with all proper speed I mid facility. ! _ " :• rrora the N. A . Tribune, Jan. 20.] Gold opened at 214 3 4 and closed at 210 1-4. The demand for cash gold continues, and the chief strength of the market is in the extent to which gold • has been over-sold. The quotation | yields slowly, but there are few opera tors for an advance. Government stocks are hardly so firm under the decline in railway shares. In some quarters it is argued iliat with peace secured, a good many Government stacks will be ex changed for railway and other shares, which wii; pay more income than Fede ral slocks with gold at a small premium, j Railway shares have been much excited land fluctuated widely dining the day. J Upon the street prices were steady, but | at the Stock Exchange a furious charge was made by the bears. Alter the cidi, the market rallied 1 1-2 a 2 per cent., but the advance was not sustained at the j jpu.ijliC At the Second Board the market TJ" fyeMc, under to realize upon the temporary advance. At the close of business, prices were firmer, and the turn of quotations in favor of the seller, with a fair demand for most stocks. Money is abundant at (5 a 7 per cent., and at this rate more is offered t han can be used by st ock houses. La*/ Keening. —The excitement in gold at the evening exchange was intense, amounting to a* perfect panic. Opening at 208 1-4, R varied but little till after the Board, when it suddenly went down to *204 1-8. under a heavy pressure to SehL LITE REBEL NEWS. Swuflieni Hates to Jan. H. TA2TK3 A BOOT P^ACE. WHIT THE REBELS 811 OF FORT FISHER. BLOCKADE BIiMIKK AT AN E\D. [FvcHt the Ricdmottd Examiner, Jan. 17.1 The loss of our best port by the fall of Fort Fisher vvill be no evil *m the end, if it serves to spur the country on to de cisive action. Nothing can be more in glorious and deplorable than to sit still, harmoniously resigned and hopeful, : while our resources and armies are 1 gambled away in full view by a weak nut presumptuous officials. Nothing is more absurd than make-believe “good | cheer” and buncombe “confidence" in ; the face of manifest and fatal mismun : agemeut. All the eloquence and all the : blather in the world will not alter the i tacts or prevent people trout thinking on them. Are the people of this country tighting for the glory oi Mr. Davis from , Mississippi, or defending tlicir liberty, lives and property ? If they are doing • the hist named business, they cannot justify themselves to their own con science or to posterity; in abandoning i their affairs any longer to the unlimited, uncontrolled and uncontested discretion of persons who daily furnish new proofs I of un skill illness and bad judgment and j defective character j In the next few weeks affairs must be definitely arranged. If the spring eam j paigu finds Johnson at the head of what Hood has'left in place of that magnifi cent army of 60,000 turned over to him : six months since; if Lee is the com j munder-in-chief of the whole military power of the confederacy, independent by legislative enactment of all control .and restriction and ibterference—with ! authority to asssgn general and other i officers to command, transfer armies, : and to give unity of plan and aim to the wkole operations of the war—the full force of this people will re-appear. iFrom Mie Richmond Whig, Jaa. 17.] | The vial of wrath seems not to have been completely exhausted with the fall iof Savannah. Fort Fisher has also fallen. We had expected this long since. In deed, we did not see how it was possible for an isolated fort!ess to stand the reit erated attacks of such an armament as was brought against it. It fell at last by the assault of overwhelming numbers. It could never have been taken by sea. We have had occasion frequently to remark that ill fortune never comes singly. When it once begins-it is pretty sure to run its course. The only way to moot it is with an, invincible firmness, whfich must, in the end, tin) it out This we hope and believe oar people are pre paid! to do. It is wonderful, indeed, that we iuppe any seaport remaining; that the enemy, pos&osing such a fleet as he . h.as at command, and we have none at all, he did not sweep ail of them before the second year of the war had been brought to a close. The loss of Fort Fisher involves, we suppose, the stopping of the blockade running. In future, we shall have nw more importations from Europe. This will be a great inconvenience certainly, but it by no means decides the question of independence or subjugation. That, question has yet to be settled on the bat tle field,where we have nothing to fear as loDg as our enemies are not more than three to one. The Confederacy can survive the loss of Fort Fisher, of Mobile, and of every other seaport in its possessing. But it cannot survive the decay of spirit and the loss of determination on the part of its people. That is a thing which it lias more cause to fear than all other things put together. Let the people be but firm—let them show a determination to resist to the last man and the Inst dollar —and the capture of our seaports will not be of the importance we are apt to assign to it. We lost New Orleans, and survived it: we lost. Savannah, and sur vived it. We can, therefor'-, we sug gest, stand the loss ol Fort Fisher. If there shall be no real change of men. but only a sham*alteration; only a repe tition of the old duplicity, by which tin power has remained in the same puny hands, while the responsibility of all the misfortune they have worked has been shifted over to Johnston, to Beauregard, and lately to Lee: the struggle must stifi. continue- for neither compromisc-by the North or submission by the South is possible ; and in one way < r in another the war must be waged ;• but i! is certain that, mider these lattir perditions, we will enter on the corning campaign with' faded hope, diminished energy and a foreboding of a continuation to that se ries of disasters which has been uninter rupted since the ivir.«v&i of the only gen eral who has commanded with profit tor Army of the Central South. A change of mot: has bj:om t a public necessity. That any sr.ff inor of self can be obtained he persuading or .advising Mr. Davis, few wli'i believ j. There h j not the slightest probability < I Johnson'* i restoration to the command of tils army, i and if Hood, whose name has been sent 1 into the Senate for cor-ffim-bion as iu.il ' general, is ever lvli-wed, 1m wifi be fi ilh j with replaced by Gii.er:.! Did: Taylor, [ the President's brother-in-law. ! ae is : really no prospect of a change in Execu i live policy. Tim defects of mind ami j character, which have produce! the past will continue to operate in future events, i Whether ('ongress leas the cute- inuionai • power to interfere, is not necessary to be ascertained until it is proven to have, what it has never shown, some disposi ton to be other t iin the registry ot ex ecutive decrees. \\ e do not perceive how any real alteration is to be made without an appeal—always contempla ted in every American constitution —to u convention of thy States, legitimately and regularly called by, and constituted from the conventions or the people in senarate States. These last cun be as sembled only by net of the Legislature; and instead of legislating .tor the next spring election, the legislature ot Yir ojnia might be more properly employee: in assembling that supreme body. Suck a body, represents g tin- people in their sovereign, unity, is needed m Virginia now. It. was a gr’.at error when the Convention of Virginia dispersed, urn the sooner it is-recalled tli * m< >re us< i n! it may he. The rebel papers say that Hood fcfts made an advance mown, -at Irom N.asu ville, and will probably sou be in the rear of Sherman’s army Tins preserves the consistency of tviN.-l military theories. If Shermaifs moveanni a- a 7, etreat, HoOsV-s must certaiivlt be <.m lid vance. j PRICE (Five Cents.