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Savannah daily herald. (Savannah, Ga.) 1865-1866, April 04, 1865, Image 1

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SAVANNAH DAILY HERALD. VOL. 1-NO. Go. The Savannah Daily Herald (MORNING AND EVENING) IS P [HUSHED cv ii. W. MAHON & CO., At 111 Bat Street, Savannah, Georgia. * terms: Per Copy : .Five Cent*. per Hundred $3 60. Per Year slo 00, advertising: Two Dollars per Square of Ten Lines for first in sertion ; One Dollar for each subsequent one. Ad vertisements inserted in the morning, will, if desired, appear in the evening without extra charge. JO 11 J? 11INTING every style, neatly and promptly done. Three Days Later from New York FILL PARTICULARS OF THE LATEST SEWS, CONFTiICTING REPORTS. From General Sherman. TIIK BATTLES IN NORTH CAROLINA. In addition to the telegraphic summary oi Northern dates of the 25th ult., which we were enabled to lay before our readers last evening in an ‘ Extra,” we now give the laslest and fullest particulars of the intelli gence brought yesterday to Hilton Head by the steamer George Leary. As it gives a long account of a recent battle between the armies of Grant and Let*, and places upon record anew proof of the valor of our sol diers, and scores one more to the bright vic tries the pastGiree months have brought, it can readily be perceived that it is truly of the utmost importance. Other items of news are related and commented on, and tho bud get of newagenerally is one of the most im portant that we have received for gome t ime. li e quote from the New York Herald of tiie 25th of March, which is lu part indebted to late Richmond papers. SECRETARY STANTON TO GENERAL D;X. War Department, j Washington, March 24—y p. m. f Major-General John A. Dix, New York : The following extracts from Richmond pa pers were received this eveniug at thirty minutes past eight from General Grant. Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War. GENERAL GRANT’S DESPATCH. City Point, March 23, 1865. Hon. Edwin M. Stanton, Sec’ry of War : Richmond papers are received. The fol lowing is from the Dispatch : FROM NORTH CAROLINA. It ia understood in official circles that no fighting has ooo.ured in North Carolina siuco Sunday ; and from ail we can learn it appears tiiat Sherman has attempted no advances since |iis check on that day. General Hardee’s victory on the 16th was n very important one, and as regards the. enemy. %most bloody affair. General John ston telegraphs that in that battle tho Con federate loss was four hundred and titty, while that of the enemy was three thousand, three hundred. The light took place at Avcrysboro’, on the Cape Fear river, half way between Raleigh and Fayetteville. General Johnston’s deteat of the enemy last Sunday, the Jtffh inst., occurred at Bentona ville, near the INeuse river. By these facts we are informed that Sher man is pushing towards Raleigh in two columns,one moving due north from Fayette ville, the other northwest from Newbern, General Hardee fought the former, General Johnston the latter. U. H. Gkant, Lieutenant General. Washington’, March 24, 1865. No news had been received from North Carolina to-day up to a late hour this after noon. Important advices are hourly expect ed and may be received at the War Depart ment this morning. No apprehensions are felt in regard to the safety and success of Sherman and Schofield. The affairs which the rebel papers magnify into serious repulses were evidently of no great importance, and tho result was not un favorable to our arms. Everybodp feels san guine and confident ot a continuance ot the success which lias thus far attended this great movement. Sixty refugees, who were allowed to come through from Fayetteville by permission of Gen. Sherman, have arrived here. This party consist of armorers, from the Fayetteville Arsenal, and their families, all of whom are in a destitute condition. The men were for merly employed at Harper’s Ferry had moved 10 Fayetteville in 1861, when the machinery of’ the Harper’s Ferry Arsenal "as i alien to that place by the rebels. They '■•‘port that Gen. army is g.eatly •'ueutr.bered with refugees, there being some hundred with him now, who followed iuin through from Columbia. Several transports, including the Europe and the Everman, sailed from Washington and Alexanpria yesterday for Beaufort, N. | with clothing* intended for the use of Gen. Gherman’s army. Elizabeth, C. March 15, 18G5. GENERAL SUL UMAX COMMUNICATING WITH WIL- M.XO.TON. Communication was opened on the 18th inst. with General Sherman from Wilmiog ton, N. C., by the Thirteenth Pennsylvania cavalry, Col. M. Ker win commanding, and a detachment of men under Capt. Berks. Colonel Kerwin marched from Wilmington Jo this city, and from here the despatches "ere carried through by Captain Berks, who ''as the first officer to make the junction "'ith General Sherman from Wilmington. General Sherman crossed the Capo Fear river yesterday at 8 A. M., intending to narch ten mile?. To-day he will probably march on Goldsboro. Ihe arsenal, public buildings, and some very elegant residences of Fayetteville,owned by prominent secessionists, were in ttame3 at eight A. M. yesterday. The Thirteenth Pennsylvania cavalry are now crossing the Cape Fear river at this point on the steamboat James Christopher, Captain Samuel G. Martin, a South Amboy man, and are to march forward to joiu Gen. Sherman at Goldsboro to-morrmv, or to form a junction with Gen. Kilpatrick on Saturday. Rebel Account*. THE battle near avertsboro. The Raleigh Progress of March 20 says this affair turns out to have been of much more magnitude and importance than was at first supposed. The editor conversed with sevei al wounded and other soldiers engaged in the fight, and they all agree that it was a des perate one. Most of them think our entire loss was about one thousand, while they sav that of the enemy must have been four or five thousand. Another account, said to be official, is that our loss was three hundred and fifty, while the Yankee loss was between three anil four thousand. The Progres* gives the following account of the battle, without vouching tor the abso lute truth of the statement: It seems that the fight commenced about noon on Wednesday, the 15th inst., and con tinued briskly until night. Considerable skirmishing was carried on all night, and on Thursday morning the battle commenced furiously, and raged the whole day. General Hardee, with about a half a corps, was in trenched between Black creek and Cape Fear river, at no great distance from the conflu ence of these two dreams, but a point higher up than that at which these two streams, but at a point higher up than that at which the enemy crossed the former stream. Here he was attacked by two corps of Sherman’s vet erans, and our works were charged three several times, and each charge was repulsed with immense slaughter. We do not under stand the position of General Bragg, but we are informed that his troops were driven back, whieb made it necessary for Hardee to fall back .to prevent being flanked. He.had to abandon two guns, the horses be longing to them being all, or nearly all, killed, so that he was unable to bring them off. A ISEFI'LTABLE. The subjoined list of the Regular and Vol unteer Navy can scarcely fail to be exceed ingly interesting to every one whose friends have cast their lot in tho ships of the United States. It shows the number of officers in each grade of the Navyj Regular and Volun teer, as shown on the books of the Navy De partment, February 10, 1865 : OFFICERS OF THE REGULAR NAVT. 1 Vice Admiral Active List. 6 Hear Admirals Active List, T Rear Admirals .#'.*« Retired List. 2() Commodores r ... Active List 81 ■Commodores..^..«* 5..- Retired Dist. ?! ii.VCaptaiiis Active List. 24 Captains Retired List. 06 Commanders Active List. 88 Commanders Retired List. 142 Lieutenant Commanders Active List. 2 Lieutenant Commanders Retired List. 108 Lieutenants Active List. 21 Lieutenants Retired List. 8 Masters Retired List. 20 En-igns Active List. 31 Acting Ensigns Active List 2 Ensigns Retired List. 80 Surgeons Active List. 14 Surgeons Retired i ist. 20 Passed Assistant Surgeons Active List, 4 Passed Assistant Surgeons Retired Aist, "'B4 Assistant burgeons. Active List. g 5 Assistant Surgeon.* Retired List. 03 Paymasters Active List. 14 Paymasters Retired Litt. S3 Assistant Paymasters Active List. 21 Chaplains Active List. 10 Chaplains .Retired List. 10 Professor Mathematics Active List. §? 3 Professor Mathematics Retired Li9t. 59 Chief Engineers Active List, 06 First Assistant Engineers .. .Active List. 238 Second Assistant Engineers .Active List. 109 Third Assistant Engineers Active Lis# 40 Boatswains Active List. 3 Boatswains Retired List. 08 Gunners Active List. jg SGunnners Retired Lis . 48 Carpenters Active List. 2 Carpenters Retired List. 30 Hailmakers Active List. 4 Sailmakers Retired List. 31 Midshipmen •raduates. I Midshipman..... Invalided j 475 Midshipmen Naval Academy. OFFICERS OF THE VOLUNTEER NAVY, lit Act’g Vo!. Lieut. Commanders.. .General Service. 1 Act’g Vol. Lieut. Commanders.. .Miss. Squadron. I Acting Lieutenant General Service. t<« Acting Volunteer Lieutenants General Sendee. 22 A#jug Volunteer Lieutenants Miss. Squadrou. 407 Acting Masters General Service. f 01 Acting Masters Miss. Squadron. 1115 Acting Ensigns Genera: Service. 188 Acting Ensigns Miss. Squadron. 607 Acting Master’s Mates General Service. 225 Acting Master's Mates ;. .Miss. Squadron. 282 Acting Assistant Surgeons General Service. 10 Acting Assistant Surgeons Miss. Squadron, 384 Acting Assistant Surgeons General Service. 25 Acting Chief Engineers General Sendee. 80 Acting Chief Engineers Miss. Squadron. ISO Acting Firßt Assistant Engineers. General Service. 89 Acting First Assistant Engineers. Miss. Squadrou. 354 Act’g Socond Ass't Engineers ... .General Servico. 132 Act’g Second Ass’t Engineers Miss. Squadron. 881 Act’g Third Ass't Engineers General Service. 148 Act’g Third Ass’t Engineers Miss. Squadron. 6 Actiug Boatswains General Service. 63 Acting Gunners Qeneral Service. II Acting Gunners Miss Squadron. 5 Acting Carpenters General Service. 25 Actiug Carpenters .Miss. Squadron. The \ icksburg Herald has information derived from persons lately arrived in that city, to the effect that a few days ago a reg iment of Texans moved on a prison pen at Jackson, Miss., and literally demolished it, telling the prisoners confined to go home ; that they themselves had had enough of the war and were going to Texas. This story was also vouched for by a rebel officer who stated that he was in Jackson on the day that the stockade was destroyed. At the last sale of autographs in Paris a charming letter from Mdlle. Rachel to Mdme. Samson, the wife of her master of elocution, was sold. It gives an interesting account of her tour in Switzerland in 1843. She men tions among other incidents, that one night she stopped at an inn, where two travellers met her. One one of them vyas sure she was the great tragic actress of (he French Comedy; the other was as positive to the contrary. An appeal was made to the per son best informed on the subject, and she de cided the question by writing on the register of arrivals: “Pay the leg of mutton, sir, I am Rachel.”* SAVANNAH, GA., TUESDAY, APRIL 4, 1865. I From the Reside Chicken.l SPECIMENS OK AMERICAN DOMKSTIC BPiCIPUXF.. Billy Boleun jumped out of Us bed, lie rushed at his sister and clt off her head ; This gave his dear mother 4 great deal of paiu— Let ns hope little Billy won’t do so again : Baity sat in the window-sect, Mary pushed her into the street; Baby’s brains were dashed out in the airv. And Mamma held up her forefinger at Mary. “Where is your sister, Margaret, tel!»” “Mother, I pushed her into the well.” • “Very cross in you, Margaret, really ; I thought you loved your sister dearly V’ Grandpa had goid in his brass nailed trunk; Grandpa gav e Harry some ; Harry got drunk. Then to get more the trunk Harrvjtroke into; Grandpa thought Harry ought to be spoken to. Darling sticks carving forks into poor dames - Darling callsgrundmma hoi.dMe names; Darling can’t have any dese rt—that’s clear. Unless she screams loud win* there's company here. Sammy got hold of a match vge day, And set on fire a stack of ha&v Soon hay, barn and horses vrare ashes and dust , And Sammy's papa turned away in disgust. “Oh, look, if yon please, Master Jonathan, inarm, He’s bitten a piece right out of my arm !” “Oh dear!” cried the mother, Hu accents wild, “I hope it won’t disagree will the child “Who strangled Jack with hi> collar and chain ?’’ “I did, mamma, and I'll do it again; And I’ll strangle you when I get big and strong I” “That’s a good boy to confesß v\ Leu your wrong.” Mucii has been said, arid mow has been sung, Oi the open ingenuousness of the young; But we own we'd like better tie infant democracv, Were it even endowed wiih *'»£ grace of hypocrisy, Let's have anew motto nigcriw:', on our banners Asa step toward good morals we’ll strive for good manners! Importance of Rest.—ln his excellent Herald of Health, Dr. Trail thus sagely ad vises rest: How much has been written about water, air, food, exercise, dress, and other hygienic materials and influences, and how little about rest! Asa remedial measure, rest is of vast more importance than has gen eaally been supposed. Asa therapeutic means its place is at the vfcry head of hygi enic materia medica. Vefy little skill, com paratively, is required for a practitioner of the Higeio-Therapeutis "school, to know when to do something and what to do. But a vastly greater fund of professional knowl edge is required to know %heu and how to let the patient alone. One half the world is drugged to death when sick, and one half of tile remainder is fretted to death. We have frequently saved life by standing between the patient and their friends. The world has got a bad fash ion of making a terrible ado, keeping up a constant consternation, nursing and fussing continually, while anxious relatives, sympa thyzing friends, mysteriously gibbering doc tors. meddlesome nurses, and whispering watchers, add their mite df mighty influence on the wrong side, and all because somebody is sick and needs rest. And the whole mis chief is traceable to a false dogma in medi cal science in relation to tue nature of the disease. c The authors teach ns that disease is an entity, a thing which travels about, pervades the air, penetrates our dwellings, and finally attacks us; and this absurd phantasm is eas ily transmogrified by the ignorant and un thinking multitude (unthiuking ou the sub ject, we mean) into something analagous to a witch, a ghost, a goblin, spook, fiend or demon, w hich nothing hut the doctor’s pois ons, dealt out by the doctor's own hand or pen, can assuage, pacify, eradicate, exorcise, kill or cure. The charms, incantations, and amulet3 of the ancients were not more silly, and the necromancy and pow-wows of the Indian tribes of the present day are not more ridiculous (and they are predicated on pre cisely the same false notions of the nature oi disease,) than are the dosing and drugging and slopping and stuffing and watching and fretting of the regular physicians of to day and the patrons and nurses of their school. Nine out of ten of all the maladies of ail the people of the world would get well in a few hours or days, if left to themselves, with no other appliances than such as instinct would suggest and common sense employ. Yet in nine cases out of ten the doctor is called, and if he is a dmgopathie doctor, one half his patients are in danger of a protract ed illness, and one half of these are sure of a ruine*l constitution, not because of tho disease, but be-ronsequence of the drags.— When wc visit a patient in the country, our greatest difficulty is to keep the friends quiet, who nothing but letaloneativeness is needed. All are willing to do something; every one is anxious to lend a helping hand, and peo ple generally estimate a physicians knowl edge and skill by the extent and variety of his prescriptions. * Few ean understand the quietly-working, yet efficient remedial re sources of nature, when undisturbed. The following observations of the Provi dence Journal are so just and express so much truth in so few words, that we copy them for the consideration of our readers : • It is said that there have been over fifty railroad accidents in tbe United States since the year begun, and some of them have been attended with great loss of life. It is simple nonesense to say that most ot them are acci dents in the just sense of the word. They are the natural or legitimate effects of negli gence. They are crimes. Nowhere else in the world do’ we hear of such a sacrifice of fife. Nowhere else is railway travelling at tended with such perils. Never before, we think, was there in this country so much need of bidding farewell to a friend, who is about to travel a thousand miles, as if you would probably never see him again. The locomotives are half worn out. The rails need to he replaced by new ones. Owing to the high price of labor and of iron, the com panies have postponed the purchase of rails and locomotives. The roads are therefore imperfectly equipped. Hence trains are be hind time, and collisions occur. Rails break and throw the cars down embankments. A journey by railway becomes an undertaking accompanied by about as many risks as service in Grant’s army. Le Club tells a wonderful story of a clas sical Scotchman who now haunts the stu dents’ quarters in Paris, and earns a livelihood by singing Latin songs and translating Taci tus to eager audiences, which crown round the gutlers in which he “stands and delivers” bis song and sentiments, raising shouts on him as be ends. BERUF.N TI NSEL. A Illark Hole of DsuKir- Tin- Sw Signal Apparatus Its liMtttciiiu anti I Character—Prospeet of Sniaslt-irpH autt Collision*—Wlial the Kinployecs Say. There appeared in one of the British (Quar terlies, some five years ago, an article which predicted that the time would come within a few years, when railroad accidents would he very common in this country. The rea sons given for their prophecy were that the roads had been constructed with such haste and incompleteness that they must of a cer tainty he in a very dangerous condition with in a few years. That time seems to have come with a vengeance, for (lie last three months have presented a very carnival of railroad disasters. Os course Bergen Tunnel has not been unrecorded in the list, else it would have lost its legendary fame and charac ter. The public were informed two months since, that the acknowledged dangers of pas sage through the Bergen Tunnel, by reason of its use for the trains of two companies, were to lie obviated by a complete system of telegraphic signals. The many hundreds of gentlemen doing business in New York, hut who arc called to pass through the tunnel daily, dh*\v a breath of relief at the prospect of security and protection in their going and coming. And it is probable that most of these gentlemen now labor under the im pression t)at the new wires and “Martello tower;.’ are winding off thedangeis that used to cause so much trepidation. It is not pleasant to do away with such a delightful hallucination, hut a tour of obser vation and examination into the merits of the matter, compels us to destroy a very blind dream. It is indeed true that the signal ap paratus has beeu erected, and the “opera tor’ keeps watch at each cuds, hut the re sults are not at all as satisfactory as they ought to be to insure safety.* The wires that r:a over the hill and into the towers, give electrical signals by the application of the finger to a button. But the only signal given D the ringing of little bells, the sound of which is by no means sure to be heard. There are four towers and four wires, two for the Morris and Essex nnd two for the Erie Railroad. The bell is rung to signalize the approach of the train; if it is a Morris and Essex, that hell is rung, aud if the Erie, the Erie bell. It takes a practised ear to discern which bell has sounded, and what renders the whole thing uncertain and dan gerous, the wires are so near together that a stxmg breeze will bring them in contact, ami thus the electrical current is beyond control, and a false signal is liable to be given at any moment. The employees at the tunnel ex press doubt as to the practical workings of the arrangement, and declare that they are themselves afraid to remain in the little sta tion house beside the track, there is such a thundering and whirling past of trains. If this is so, how much greater should be the fear of those who are doomed to be whirled along at tlje mercy of the. crossing and re crossing tracks. And wliafnfstill m<#£ im portant to be known, of the men employed at the tunnel, all but one are ignorant Irish men. Iu tact, we consider this point, when considered in every view, the most danger ous spot for railway travel in the country. It is a wonder that numerous and terrific ac cidents do not occur here. The Erie Railroad have very properly post ed regulations with regard to’ the passage of the tunnel, one of the restrictions being that the trains of the Mtsrris aud Essex shall stop on leaving the tunnel, before crossing the track of the Erie. This regulation the Mor ris and Essex “protest” against, but say that they will “obey it for safety’s sake.”— But for this regulation, a fearful smash-up would have occurred last Thursday, four cars of the Erie road having been thrown directly across the track. A train was also detained one hour at the tunnel, last week, because the operator had taken a little' saunter over the hill. Now we contend that all this danger may he obviated by tlie use of proper means of safety. And this means of safety wc claim to he perfect telegraphic communica tion, by which two persons shall be in con stant conversation between the ends of the tunnel. Mere signals by bells will never he proper projection, as has been already proved. There is very general dread of the tunnel in Orange, Moiristowu, and other places, where New York business men reside, and several now change from the Morris and I?s --sex to the New Jersey, at Newark, rather thairrisk the dangers of the tunnel. It is time that more attention was paid to the matter, and we shall uot cease to disclose the hazards of the tunnel passage, until proper means are adopted for the protection of the public. The recent attempt is a fail ure. Tiie men employed as watchmen are not responsible enough. And the whole thing is left in too loose aud reckless a man ner.—Jersey City Times. Payment of Generals Sherman and Sheri dan's Troops- —lt has been decided to pay General Sherman’s army in lull to the end of February, as soon as it arrives at a point where it can rest long enough for payment to be made. This wifi give six months’ pay to nearly the whole army. The men were last paid up to the 31st of August, and they will now be paid to the 28th of February. Secre tary Stanton has decided that this mark of approval—almost the only one in his power— of their noble, brilliant and patriotic deeds during the last six months of their service, shall b<s promptly accorded. Let their fami lies rejoice, therefore, in the' expectation ot soon hearing from their loved ones, not only in tones of affection, but of absolute demon stration of regard. It is also intended to serve Sheridan's boys (they never call them men) in thesame way, as soon as they form a junction with Sher man. This they will not fail to do as soon as ordered by “Little Phil.” Whatever he orders they will do. Henry A Wise.— This redoubtable hero is announced as a candidate for the rebel Con gress from the second district of Virginia. We sincerely hope he will be elected. A constitutional firebrand, he may unwittingly do his country some service by ihcreasing the distraction of the already divided coun cils of the Confederacy. Let him be made a Congressman, by all-means, lor his tongue is more pointed than his sword. PRICE. 5 CENTS OUIIS AND ENDS, OK NEWS AND IN CIDENTS. Auraham Lincoln is tin* only northern man ever re-elected President of the United States. Little Patti’s affianeed'hushand is said to have an income of nine millions. Mrs. Swish elm is a Washington corres pondent of the Chicago Journal. Hon. Schuyler Colfax, is in New' York, whoie he will remain a few days before go ing to his home. It is announced that Henry Ward Beecher will preach in Charleston, S. (.’. Subject: “The Fullness of Time.” The correspondence of Humboldt, is to be published. He wrote-2,000 letters a year, and it it will take 22 thick volumes to contain it. Two volumes are nearly ready. Young ladies, it may be well enough for youlo go to balls, spangled with scattered diamonds, like the sky on a fine night., hut not crusted over with them like barnacles on a ship's hull. *** The first to “strike He,” it now appears, was Job, who says ; “When I washed my steps with butter,and the rocks pop red me out rivers of oil.”— Job, xxix; 6. The condition of the people of Texas may be inferred from the fact, stated in the Hous ton Telegraph, that more than four hundred families ih tiiat city (of L> s than 8,0(0 inhabi tants) are dependent upon the city for the necessaries of life. Foote was once met by a friend in town with a young man who was flashing away very brilliantly, while Foote seemed grave; “Why, Foote,” said lus friend, “you are flat to-day ; you don’t, seem to relish a joke!”— “You have not tried me yet, sir,” said Foote. A handsome lithographed copy of Con stant Mayer’s full-length picture of Mr. Owens as “Solon Shingle,” has just been is sued by Frodsham & Cos., of 625 Broadway. It is lithographed by Fabronius, and is a vary pleasant souvenir of a remarkable theatrical personation. A writer in Blackwood professes to know all the Englishmen abroad who write travels, and lie says that “they all sketch, most of them are short-sighted, and wear thick boots and spectacles, very little crinoline, with what there is of it rather long. The younger ones are reserved, the older ones gushing.” Insinuations are made iu the Richmond papers that Vice President Stevens has nei ther stood by Jeff Davis, nor raised his voice in Georgia to “fire the Southern heart, ” as was expected after the failure of the peace mission. So Jeff' Dayis is left alone in his glory to deal as he best can with the difficul ties thickening around him. “Malakoff, ” the Paris correspondent of the. New York Times, writes: “General McClellan ia.nq^iiera*„ c itQppbig/at the Hotel de 1 Empire, but is to leave, I understand, on Thursday for. Rome. He breakfasted at Claremont, while in England, with the entire Louis Phillippe family, consisting of 32 per sons, and was also invited to the house of the Prince of Wales. “Artkmus Ward his Book” has been re published in London by a Mr. J. C. Hottea. The Flaneur of the London Star says that “it is impossible to imagine a better reposi tory of most genial nonsense, most exquisite fooling. Its humor is irresistible, but—rid ente.ni divere verum qws vetatf — there is a good deal of shrewd practical truth under Mr. Ward’s nonsense. The critic evidently thinks that “Mr. Ward” is the real name of this entertaining humorist.. Ball, the Boston sculptor, sails for Europe oil the 29th inst. He will proceed at once to Florence, where he proposes to remain three years, during which time he will put into marble, a life statue of Edwin Forrest, in the character of Coriolanus. It is now two years since Mr. Ball first began this work. — He will also execute in marble a bust of the late Rev. Thomas Starr King, for tho Hollis street church, and several other heads of dis tinguished persons in Boston, during his res idence in Italy. He has just completed a model of the head of Edward Everett. It is a remarkable fact that persons losing themselves in a forest or in a snow storm manifest invariably a tendency to turn round gradually to the left, to the extent even of eventually moving in a circle. The expla nation of this is found probably in the fact that the limbs and muscles of the right side are generally better developed than those of the left side. Under the excitement felt when one is lost, and in the absence of any guiding line, the superior energy of the right limbs throws the pedestrian insensibly round to the left. The Mormons have commenced cutting a canal of a magnitude far exceeding anything of tbe kind ever undertaken in the Territory before, for the two-fold purpose of irrigation and navigation. Starting near the boundaries ; of Utah and Salt Lake counties, it will wind i its way along the eastern side of the valley, | watering the land on its course, including’a very considerable tract yet unbroken, and reaching a terminus in the city, a short dis tance south and west of where the artesian well is being sunk; its entire length being over thirty-two miles. The Paris correspondent of the London Morning Post says he has seen a letter from “an official authority in Washington,” in which occurs the following language refer ring to the peace conference: “There was much more jn the meeting the other day than you will learn from the newspapers. W e shall, however, go on threatening, and even fighting, and declaring (both sides) that we will not give rvay, and all this time we shall be approaching peace, thank heaven.’’ It is noticeable that since Gen. Sherman took Savannah, the great majority of desert ers from Lee’s army hail from South Caroli na. As soon as the rebel soldiers ascertain that their houses are within our lines, they are seized with an uncontrollable inclination to desert, showing palpably that their reten tion in the rebel ranks is compulsory. Other wise these would be the very circumstances under which they would fight more desperate ly, when their own Slate is invaded and the safety of their own homes jeopardized.