The Savannah Daily Herald.
BT 8. W. MASON AND CO.
SAVANNAH, FRIDAY, APRIL 7, 1566.
HISTORICAL ANALOGY AS APPLIED
TO THE PRESENT WAR.
There is ao greater source of error in
practical life than reasoning from historical
analogy. This has been strikingly exem
plified in the comparison instituted between
the conflict of the Colonies with the Parent
Country in 1776, and that between the North
and South in 1861-4. In the first of these
contests the circumstances were quite dis
similar to those which have characterized the
present. Let us indicate in what that dis
1. In the struggle between the Colonies
and the Parent country there was the mate
rial fact that the colonies had important
material aid from a powerful ally. France
gave us assistance with her fleets and armies.
SpaiD, owiug to family and political connec
tion between tho branches of the House of
Bourbon, reigning respectively in France
and Spain, afforded all the moral aid to the
American revolution that was possible under
the then existing circumstances.
Iu that struggle we had the financial aid
of Holland. Our commissioners Dr. Frank
lin and Silas DeaD, were enabled to nego
tiate loins in that country that afforded the
utmost aid to our finances.
In that struggle the enemy was three thou
sand miles "from the theatre of action. He
had not only to transport his armies very
long distances by sea, but to encounter the
hazards of want of co-operation between his
land and naval forces iu transporting them
such long distances.
It is almost needless to state how con
trasted are all those circumstances to those
which characterize the present contest.
The confederate States nave no ally in any
part of Europe, aud what little moral aid
is to be found thoro is neutralized by the ad
verse opinions of a large majority of its in
habitants. Not only is the entire slavery
sentiment there all powerful, but tho prevail
ing political views of the people of Europe
are iavorable to unity if not to consolidation
The Confederate Btates are without credit
in Europe. They were able to negotiate a
cotton loan at au early period of the contest,
tho intereit on which was payable by an ex
port duty on cotton, but this resource has
been cut off by their military reverses and
the want of sympathy. The large European
capitalists in the ultimate success of the Con
federate arms, while the continental capital
ists, particularly the German bankers, from
the combined sympathy with the Union
cause, and tho impression that it must be
finally successful, are freely taking the Fede
Tlie more or lest remote geographical por
tion of two countries of relatively dlspro
portioned physical resources, is a powerful
element in the question of success or failure
History here shows that a country in revolt
has never been able to achieve its indepen
dence while, in addition to inferior resour
ces, near nelghborood enables the more pow
erful state to invade the territory, if not sub
due, that iu rovolt. Nothing but a potent ally
or allies can enable it to make effectual resis
tance, as in the case of invasion with a view
to conquest to preserve territorial integrity.
In our own day, the case of Poland and Rus
sia exemplifies the first of these supposed in
stances. Nothing but the intervention of
the grest Powers could have enabled Poland
to achieve its independence, while nothing
but the active intervention of Great Britain
and France could have saved Turkey from
the grasp of Russia. Now this is precisely
the relative situation of the Confederate
States and the United States. We say,
therefore,, that although historical analogy
supplies in great measure the foundation of
our reasoning, that it is also the source of
much error and delusion.
Flao of Truce.— The steamer Nelly
Baker, Capt. Norris, in charge of- *“" t t,:
ker AM to Major proceeded
yesterday afternoon up Bavannah river a9
a Flag ot Tb* Nelly Ba ker has ex
cellent accommodations, and her officers
■will do jjj their poorer to make It pleasant
for Ae ladies and children under their care.
As the river is falling it is not known at what
point she will touch to meet the Confederate
Commissioner, Col. E. C. Anderson. We
annex the following as the list of her passen
Mrs. Julia P. Wilson and 3 children, Mrs.
Caroline Clay, Sirs. Christie and 5 children,
Miss Jane Posey, Miss Wall, and 4 misses
Phifer, Mrs. E. 3. Harden and 5 children,
Miss Leonoria Cohen, Mrs. E. 8. L. Jones,
Mrs. G. B. Cooper and 3 children, Miss Em
ma Bowen, Mrs. James Manin and one child,
Mrs. M. A. Tynan, Mrs. James Hunter,
Mrs J. Gilbert and one child, Mrs. J. W.
Anderson, Mrs. J. P. Hopkins and 3 chil
dren, Mrs. K. A. Quarterman and 2 children,
Mrs. Mary Rogers and 3 children, Mrs, John
R. Johnston and 6 children, Mrs. Wm. Hen
ry Stiles and 4 children.
The President on Saturday had a distant
view the Tebel forces before our lines at Pe
tersburgh. While going to witness a review
with Gen. Grant, be stopped at a fort within
eve-shot of the extreme front, and from its
parapet tqok a survey of the field. At one
point in his excursion, Mr. Lincoln was wit'u
iu six miles of Richmond.
Hatred of Jeff. Davis. —A fitizen,
whose name may be found in the earliest
annals of thfe State, and which stands forth
iu high honor in the war of the Revolution,
but whose sons are in high offices in the Con
federate Army, was beard to say yesterday :
“Sir, every life that is now losyn this war is
murder, murder », sir. We have fought jjbn
bravely, but our strength is exhausted • we
have no resources ; we have no more men
The contest was unequal. You have conquer
ed us, and it is best to submit and make wise
use of the future. Thia%not my opinion be
cause the Union flag is flying upon the Cus
tom House yonder to-day, but it has been
my conviction for many months past, a con
viction more than confirmed by recent events.
We would have peace, sir, were it hot for
that vain, obstinate, ambitious man, Jeff.
Davis. lam not in excitement nor anger,
sir, when I assure you that I know that a
large majority of our people curse him, not
only with their hearts, but their lips. His
haughty ambition has been our ruin.”
Unhappy chief of fallen spirits is Jefferson
Davis. Failure has brought down upon him
hatred and abuse. It would not be ebsers,
no welcome, nor friendly greeting that he
would receive from the people of Savannah
were he to visit them now.
Tiie Mahkkt and Forestalleks. —Prior
to the occupation of Savannah by the Union
forces, and for several years past, the mar
ket house iu our city baa been infested with
a class of speculators, extortioners, whose
occupation was to purchase up all produce
brought to market and offered for sale at
living prices. After the occupatio u of Sa
vannah, it was the impression of all that the
vultures who had infeßted the market for
years, would endeavor to obtain more honest
employment than that of grinding down the
poor aud depreciating the currency of the
Uuited States. This fitful dream was soon
over when it was announced that the coun
try people with their produce could come
within our linos and trade. Upon the ap
appearance of the first train of
carts to the market * appearod this
scum of speculators far more raveuous
and devastating than the locusts of Egypt.
The people not being content that the specu
lators should have their own way as regards
trade, they appealed to Col. Neafle, Com
missioner of Trade, for a reform or a schedule
of price* for food. Colonel Neafle arranged
and published tbs rates at which a]l produce
or food could be sold at in the market. Thiß
only emboldened the speculators, for they
proceeded to buy up all supplies, particularly
poultry, paying .or the same the lowest
schedule price. They would 1 then take a first
class chicken and a second class chick
en, tie them together, and offer them for
sale at first class rates. The deception
having been seasonably discovered it will in
uture prove a failure to attempt to swindle
the public in this manner. Another imposi
tion upon the public, viz: parties purchasing
a cart-load of chickens for their own use, is
at an end. This dodge of speculating will
not do. Mr. Emanuel Sheftall, Keeper of
the Market, has now a gentlemanly assistant
with him, and by the combined efforts of
these these two gentlemen the market will
soon be cleared of speculators. Yet the
speculators are not yet vanquished. We
shall soon hear of them on. the public roads
misrepresenting market prices to tho coun
try people, buying up all produce, keeping
the same for several days, or until the coun
try people have left the city, and then bring
ing it to market for sale.
Second Provost Court.— Judge Walton
disposed of the following cases yesterday
United States vs. Osgood & Cos., defendant
charged with selling, at higher rates than
those authorized by the schedule of prices
governing the sale of produce. A friend of
Messrs. Osgood A Cos., sold them a dozen
eggs for eighty cents per dozen, and they
resold them at the same rate. The rate of
the schedule is sixty cents per dozen Ju^s e
Walton fined Osgood £ eST'tive dollars '"
Oeo. effewart (colored) vs. Mrs. Kene, claim
for remuneration for cleaning a well for de
fendant. Ordered that defendant pay to
plaintiff, the sum of four dollars for said ser
Abraham Stewart (colored) petitioner.
Permission was granted petitioner to retain in
his possession two horses without molesta
CHATTANOOOA.-yThe fortifications at Chat
tanooga are being strengthened, new works
are planned and others are being rapidly
pushed forward to completion. The place
presents the appearance of one vast chain of
forts, every hillock being crowned with an
earthwork. The broad front and steep de
clivities of Lookout Mountain are marked
with lines of batteries, and the heights of
Waldron’s and Mission Ridges bristle with
cannon. The government is engaged in
erecting extensive and heavy works, such as
machine shops, saw mills, and large ware
houses for the storage of supplies—all indi
cating a design to hold it permanently as a
military post. Guerrillas still hover in the
vicinity, murdering Union citizens and per
petrating other outrages.
Bat Street —That ever-vigllant officer,
Capt. Stearns, the Street Commissioner, had
a large force of hands eDgaged yesterday af
ternoon in cleaning and placing in good po
lice, Bay street. The work caused consider
able dust which is however more agreeable
than noxious air and % city filled with disease.
Curious Specucens'Excmed from Defunct
Rebel Journals. —As our first specimen
of Confederate post-obit literature, we
quote the following from the “Winns
boro Daily News.” It is an announcement
by the editor of what he proposed and pre
tends to be able to do. It is the “Preface”
prefixed to Vol. 1 No. 1 of the “News," and
read in the light of recent events, it is really
In commencing, at this particular period
of our National and State affairs, the publica
tion of a paper in Winnsboro’, which, we
trust, will receive the countenance and sup-
B>rt of the citizens of this and adjoining
istricts of Fairfield, the undersigned feels
sensibly the responsibility he is undertaking.
Having been almost raised in this section
of country, and being acquainted with many
of its oldest citizens, we are confident that
the liberal and patriotic portion of them will
give to us the patronage which is requisite
to the support of a district paper.
Asa news journal, wq intend that
our little offspring shall be second to none,
having made all necessary arrangements for
securing the latest telegraphic reports, we
will be prepared to give to our readers the
very latest that can be secured—from our
exchanges we will cull the latest and most
important items, with a view to the enligh
tenment and pleasure of our readers. In fact
we will spare neither pains, labor or expense
in making The News a thorough news jour
A3 regards the political sentiment of our
sheet, there is, undoubtedly, but one course
left for a true Southern man to adopt, and
that is the advocacy of the thorough inde
pendence of tue Confederate States—no com
piomii-e—uo going back into the Union, —
but an eternal resistance until the sovereign
ty and independence of the South, Horn
\ ankee thraldom, shall be guaranteed.
Our course, nevertheless, will bo indepen
dent, not neutral, upou all political topics.—
We belong to no party, as a party, unless it
be the great Southern Rights Party, and
with that we are ptepared to sink or swim.
Our State and Confederate Governments
will receive our hearty approval when they
do, in our opinion, what is right j but when
they err, wo will criticise without fear or
favor. And even so with our statesmen,
and those in the public walks of life. Their
good deeds will be heralded with gratifica
tion, while their errors will receive the criti
cism which they deserve.
Give ua the support, kind friends, that we
need iu establishing our paper, and we will
try and merit your confidence and further
patronage. ’ Respectfully,
J. E. JBritton.
Britton, not content with th« appeal just
set forth, seems to consider it necessary to
address each and every trade and profession
s> porately, as witness tue following articles
from the- Brittcnic pen.
to our friends
Who desire to sustain our publication we
say come forward and subscitibe i t one j, aud
by your countenance and support put upon a
sure foundation yoar district paper.
Our office is at the old stand of the Herald
and Register, where we will be pleased to
see all who may give us a call. For terms,
&c., see first page.
to oua fatrons.
Should any of our patrons fall to receive
their papers promptly, they will please notify
us immediately of the fact. Our carriers are
not yet thoroughly acquainted with their
routes, but we hope soon to have everything
TO OUE BRETHF.N
of the press we extend the right hand or fel
low ship, hoping that our intercourse may be
pleasant and profitable.
Those who will exchange with us, and to
whom we send this number of our paper,
will please send on their several publications
We send this number of our paper to Post
masters in this and adjoining districts, and
ask them to distribute them gratuitously for
Why he didn’t call upon the Bootmakers,
the Tailors, the Lager Bier sellers, and the
many other people with whom he must have
had dealings, wo don’t know—probably he
But we imagine that our readers will all
agree that these specimens of Confederate
journalism were worth digging up.
Savannah Thfatke.— The favorite‘~pißJ r of
William Tell was again presented last even
ing, with Mr. Weir aB Tell. A great bill is
offered for this evening, with Mr. Weir in one
of his favorite characters.
Swsatnam’s Varieties was 7 opened last
evening with great eclat. The work of trans
forming St. Andrews Hall into a theatre, has
been executed with great liberality and
singular good taste, and many flattering com-
ments were elicited upon the neatness and
comfort ofthehouse,andthebeauty and fitness
of the stage appointments. Everything went
as smoothly as could be expected on a first
night, and the accomplished and well-drilled
actors who compose the new company ac
quitted themselves to the entire satisfaction
of a large audience. If the house last even
ing can be taken as an index of the future
popularity of this new place of amusement,
we can safely promts Mr. Sweatnam the
most complete and gratifying success iu his
Won’t Give In.— The Rebel press cling to
the now exploded idea of a separate nation
ality for them with the most amusiug and
absurd tenacity. Thus the Richmond Whig
in giving late intelligence from New York,
heads the column “Xeivs from the United
Statu,” thus assuming that they in Virginia
are not of the “United States,” but are a for
eign country. Doubtless they will speedily
be cured of their delusion by Grant and
Sherman and be taught that Richmond is as
much a part of ths United States as is New
York or Washington itself,
Recovery of the Bodt of Lieut. A. W
Coe—At the siege of Savannah'Lieut. A. W.
Coe, of Battery I, 2<l Illinois Light Artillery,
was killed by a fragment of shell. The re
mains were interred at Monteith, in Chatham
county, near the Charleston and Savannah
Railroad bridge. About five o’clock on
Wednesday afternoon a detachment of
on its mission. Being of a heavy draft of
water got aground on the shoals of McAl
pin's Landing. The steam tug C. T. Shep
pherd, Capt. Davis, being called into requi
sition, proceeded to the relief of the Pontiac
and took on board the detail of the 18th In
diana, aud also a detail of Marines from the
Pontiac under the command of acting En
sign Ross, twenty-five men from the 18th
Indiana U. S. Volunteers, under command
of Capt. Josiali Campbell, proceeded on the
U. S. steamer Pontiac to exhume the remains
of Lieut. Coe. The steamer Pontiac at four
o’clock yesterday morning got under way
and proceeded to Monteith.
The remains having been secured, the
Shepherd returned to the city last night about
nine o’clock. Mr. Corwell Wool worth,
brother of the deceased, superintended the
exhumation of his relative, and he desires to
return thanks to the Army, Navy and Capt.
Davis, of the Shepherd, for their kindness.
On the up trip of the Shepherd, the inani
mate body of a human being, supposed to be
a white man, was found lying near a landing
on the bauk of the river, iu an advanced state
of decomposition. Acting Ensign Ross, with
a detachment of tho Pontiac's crew had the
body decently buried.
Bushwhackers. —We learn that two Ger
mans, who left Charleston one day last week
with a team oi mules and a wagon for Colu
mbia, were met, abojit twenty-five miles from
the city by a party of rebel bushwhackers,
ancl forced to return to this city. The Ger
mans had started for the purpose of bringing
their families from Columbia to Charleston.
The rebels took possession of the team and
wagon and coutents, depriving the unfortu
nate victims of everything but a change of
clothing. The Germans returned to J the
city yesterday morning It was also report
ed that a party fromColuntbia endeavoring to
reach Charleston had been turned back and
their property taken from them.—CWAwfoa
Courier, 4 th.
Hon. R. J. Walker denies the statement
made in the Montreal Gazette, that he visit
ed Canada for the purpose of assisting an an
nexation movement with $100,000,000 of
Federal money. He says this is his fifth
visit to Cauaaa within a few years, aud it
called for no such animadversion.
SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE .
PORT OF SAVANNAH, APRIL C.
Arrived—steamer C 8 Grant, Dobbs, Hilton Head;
steamer Nelly Baker, Norris, Hilton Head.
Cleared—steamer Enoch Dean, Haiiett, St. Simon’s
Sound; steamer U S Grant, Dobbs, Hilton Head; U S
Flag of Trace steamer Nelly Baker, Norris, Sister a
Lessee and Business Manager ukant taooart.
Director of Amusements a. and. havkntobt.
Stage Manager t. t. heendon.
FRIDvY EVENING, APRIL 7, 1805.
The performance will commence with the celebrated
Irish Drama, entitled
IRELAND AS IT 18.
Third Night of
MR. THOMAS WEIR,
MISS FLORENCE LaFOND.
MR A . H DAVENPORT.
Who will appear in two Piecea.
The Glorious Farce of
A TRIP TO RICHMOND ; or, THE MARRIED RAKE
Will also be presented.
The piece* above mentioned will be cast with the
entire strength of the Company, including Messrs.
Weir, Davenport, Herndon, Simpson, Rodgers, Miss
Lafond, Mrs. M.'E. B'errell, Miss Maude St. Leon, Miss
Prestige, Miss Elsie St. Leon, Miss Lee, and others.
Notice.— ln future the doors will open at T and the
curtain rise at 8 o’clock precisely.
Box office open from 10 until 2 o’clock.
EST- PRICES OF ADMISSION AS USUAL. _&3
All bills must be presented weekly.
(Formerly St. Andrew's Hall.}
w. p. sweat-ram f.t,,.. .Sole Lessee
OPEN EVERY NIGHT.
. aud FAKcff.
CHANGE OF PROGRAMME NIGHTLY.
FOB PARTICULARS SCI B.VAU. BILLS.
A bildlng containing rooms for a small family, with
store attached—must be in a business portion of the
city. Apply at the Herald office, apr4
QIRCULAR. ' 5
Office Provost Marshal,
District of Savannah, Ga.,
... .. . , . April 0, 1865.
Attention having been called to the fact that the
Cemeteries of this City have been desecrated by visi
tors plucking flowers without authority, and injuring
the trees and shrubbery in variou.| ways, notice is
hereby given, that any person hereafter found guilty
01 *ny such act, will be punished for the same.
The sticking up ofhandbilllsor posters in the streets
of this city is hereby prohibited, except upon Bulletin
boards prepared for that purpose.
By cojpmand of
Brevet Major General C. GROVER,
_ _ Commanding
Robert P. Yoke, Lt Col. 75th N. Y. V. V.,
and Prov, Mar Diet, ot Savannah, Ga.
The large Stock of
BOOTS AND SHOES,
BOTTLED AT.K t
SEGARS and CIDE,
TOBACCOS, tn great variety,
BEEF AND PORK, in half-bbla,
The entire Btock will be sold,
WHOLESALE AST) RETAIL,
AT NEW YORK PR.ICEs
The public will find this the best opportunity tdr,„ r
chase yet offered In this market, ‘
170 BROUGHTON STREET,
mar2l ts Next door to Sherlock’s.
pOST QUARTERMASTER’S OFFICE,
Ckntbai. Railroad Bans,
Savannah, Ga., March, Ist, isc;
In pursuance of orders, received at this office, HI
citizens occupying batldftigs, whose owners are ab
sent within the Rebel lines, or buildings, or other
property belonging to disloyal persons, will, unless
such buildings have been previously assigned-rent
free—settle the rents for the same, due the Uni
ted States, at this office op or before the loth of
A failure to comply with the above will cause a
forfeiture of all claims to farther occupation.
S. S. STARR,
aprl Capt. and A. Q. M., In charge ofbuildhiga.
STEELE A BURBANK,
11 Merchants’ Row,
„ . Hilton Head, S. C
Call the attention of Wholesale and Retail purchasers
to their superior stock of
MILITARY AND NAVAL CLOTHING
Watches, Clocks, Fancy Goods, Jewelry, ard Plated
Ware,Swords Sashes, Belts, Embroderios, Boots, Caw
Field Glasses, Gauntlets Gloves, Ac., Ac., Ac.
JELLING OFF AT COST 1
IMMENSE STOCK I
$150,000 •.VOBTH OF MERCHANDISE TO BE 30LD
30 Tieroee Hama,
300 barrels Flour,
100 barrels Sugar,
150 cases Boots and BhOwa,
-- 60 boxes Coffee,
1000 cases Ale,
600 boxes Raisins,
150 barrels Ale,
150 barrels Walnuts, Filberts and Brazil Nuts, ■
1000 cases Peaches, Tomatoes, Chickens, Tur
* keys, Ac.
800 barrels Cakes and Crackers,
60 barrels Molasses,
150 eases Tobacco.
COO dozen Shirts,
A large and extensive stock of Yankee Notions,
Stationery, Hosery, and many other goods too num
•roue to mention.
Sutlers and Merchants, eall and examina before
sending your orders to New York.
C W. DENNIS & CO ,
No, 4 Merchant's Row, Hilton Head, S. 0
Stolen from in this city, on yesterday af
ternoon, a Bilver Watch, (detached lever,J Cooper,
maker. Attached to the Watch was a Gold Chsia.
and looped to it was a Silver Badge, in the shape of a
heart, and set in live oak. The following inscription
was on the Cadge; Hilton Head, Nov. Yth, 1801: Fort.
Pulaski. April 11th, 1862: Pocotallgo, Oct. 22d. 1802;
James Islaud, June 10th and 18th, 1862: Fort Wagner.
July 18th, ISO3 ; Morris Island. July 18th, 1803, The
above reward will be paid on delivery of the property
at this office. 2 aprl
QARPENTERB WANTED IMMEDIATELY.
Two good Carpenters are wanted at the St. An
drew’s Hall. Apply to
apr4 JAMES C. BLANCE.
rjNHE NEW SKIRT FOR 1906.
Awonderful Invention for Ladies. Unquestionably
superior to all others.
Don't fall to read the advertisement in the Savakkah
Herald, containing- /nil particulars, every Monday
morning. edexM3mo aaar2l
Savannah, Ga., March, 8, 1805.
After this date the Provost Court will bo held in the
U. 3. Court House, up stairs, coiner of Bull and Bay
&treeU EBEN PARSONS, Jr.,
mar 9—ts Lieut, and Provost Judge.
QOTTON SEED Ml
LARGE OR SMALL QUANTITIES.
Will be purchased at Fair Rates by the undersigned,
“SEA ISLAND" PREFERRED.
Parilee desiring to sell, will state quantity for dis
posal, and price per bushel desired, and where located.
T. E. SICKLES,
mar 7—ts Box 14, Hilton Head, S. C.
J>ROVOST COURT NOTICE.
On and after this date, the First Provost Court, Ist
Llent. El>eu Parsons, ,Tr„ Judge, will be held at the
U. S. Court House, corner of Bull aud Bay streets.
The Second Provost Conrt, Capt. James M. Walton,
Judge, will be held in the room over Adams’ Eipress
rn'u °® C0 ’ co« ler Bey and Drayton streets.
The respective jurisdictions are fixed by General
Order No. 6., and all parties having business btfore
said Courts will govern themsi-’'"--
By order, PROVOST JUDGES.
TANARUS) IDDELL & MURDOCK,
WUOLWALK AM, Bi/lAIL DKALLIM IN
SUTLERS' AND NAVA [. STORES, DRY GCODS,
BOOTS AND SHOES, HATS AND CAPS,
Ukntj.kaikn’B Flknisui.no Goods, Ac.,
No. 5 Merchants’ Row, Hiltou Head, S. C. .
W, O. KIDDMJ, [janlO—tfj H, A.mRBOOXv