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Savannah daily herald. (Savannah, Ga.) 1865-1866, April 07, 1865, Image 2

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The Savannah Daily Herald. BT 8. W. MASON AND CO. SAVANNAH, FRIDAY, APRIL 7, 1566. HISTORICAL ANALOGY AS APPLIED TO THE PRESENT WAR. There is ao greater source of error in practical life than reasoning from historical analogy. This has been strikingly exem plified in the comparison instituted between the conflict of the Colonies with the Parent Country in 1776, and that between the North and South in 1861-4. In the first of these contests the circumstances were quite dis similar to those which have characterized the present. Let us indicate in what that dis similarity consists: 1. In the struggle between the Colonies and the Parent country there was the mate rial fact that the colonies had important material aid from a powerful ally. France gave us assistance with her fleets and armies. SpaiD, owiug to family and political connec tion between tho branches of the House of Bourbon, reigning respectively in France and Spain, afforded all the moral aid to the American revolution that was possible under the then existing circumstances. Iu that struggle we had the financial aid of Holland. Our commissioners Dr. Frank lin and Silas DeaD, were enabled to nego tiate loins in that country that afforded the utmost aid to our finances. In that struggle the enemy was three thou sand miles "from the theatre of action. He had not only to transport his armies very long distances by sea, but to encounter the hazards of want of co-operation between his land and naval forces iu transporting them such long distances. It is almost needless to state how con trasted are all those circumstances to those which characterize the present contest. The confederate States nave no ally in any part of Europe, aud what little moral aid is to be found thoro is neutralized by the ad verse opinions of a large majority of its in habitants. Not only is the entire slavery sentiment there all powerful, but tho prevail ing political views of the people of Europe are iavorable to unity if not to consolidation of authority. The Confederate Btates are without credit in Europe. They were able to negotiate a cotton loan at au early period of the contest, tho intereit on which was payable by an ex port duty on cotton, but this resource has been cut off by their military reverses and the want of sympathy. The large European capitalists in the ultimate success of the Con federate arms, while the continental capital ists, particularly the German bankers, from the combined sympathy with the Union cause, and tho impression that it must be finally successful, are freely taking the Fede ral securities. Tlie more or lest remote geographical por tion of two countries of relatively dlspro portioned physical resources, is a powerful element in the question of success or failure History here shows that a country in revolt has never been able to achieve its indepen dence while, in addition to inferior resour ces, near nelghborood enables the more pow erful state to invade the territory, if not sub due, that iu rovolt. Nothing but a potent ally or allies can enable it to make effectual resis tance, as in the case of invasion with a view to conquest to preserve territorial integrity. In our own day, the case of Poland and Rus sia exemplifies the first of these supposed in stances. Nothing but the intervention of the grest Powers could have enabled Poland to achieve its independence, while nothing but the active intervention of Great Britain and France could have saved Turkey from the grasp of Russia. Now this is precisely the relative situation of the Confederate States and the United States. We say, therefore,, that although historical analogy supplies in great measure the foundation of our reasoning, that it is also the source of much error and delusion. Flao of Truce.— The steamer Nelly Baker, Capt. Norris, in charge of- *“" t t,: ker AM to Major proceeded yesterday afternoon up Bavannah river a9 a Flag ot Tb* Nelly Ba ker has ex cellent accommodations, and her officers ■will do jjj their poorer to make It pleasant for Ae ladies and children under their care. As the river is falling it is not known at what point she will touch to meet the Confederate Commissioner, Col. E. C. Anderson. We annex the following as the list of her passen gers : Mrs. Julia P. Wilson and 3 children, Mrs. Caroline Clay, Sirs. Christie and 5 children, Miss Jane Posey, Miss Wall, and 4 misses Phifer, Mrs. E. 3. Harden and 5 children, Miss Leonoria Cohen, Mrs. E. 8. L. Jones, Mrs. G. B. Cooper and 3 children, Miss Em ma Bowen, Mrs. James Manin and one child, Mrs. M. A. Tynan, Mrs. James Hunter, Mrs J. Gilbert and one child, Mrs. J. W. Anderson, Mrs. J. P. Hopkins and 3 chil dren, Mrs. K. A. Quarterman and 2 children, Mrs. Mary Rogers and 3 children, Mrs, John R. Johnston and 6 children, Mrs. Wm. Hen ry Stiles and 4 children. The President on Saturday had a distant view the Tebel forces before our lines at Pe tersburgh. While going to witness a review with Gen. Grant, be stopped at a fort within eve-shot of the extreme front, and from its parapet tqok a survey of the field. At one point in his excursion, Mr. Lincoln was wit'u iu six miles of Richmond. Hatred of Jeff. Davis. —A fitizen, whose name may be found in the earliest annals of thfe State, and which stands forth iu high honor in the war of the Revolution, but whose sons are in high offices in the Con federate Army, was beard to say yesterday : “Sir, every life that is now losyn this war is murder, murder », sir. We have fought jjbn bravely, but our strength is exhausted • we have no resources ; we have no more men The contest was unequal. You have conquer ed us, and it is best to submit and make wise use of the future. Thia%not my opinion be cause the Union flag is flying upon the Cus tom House yonder to-day, but it has been my conviction for many months past, a con viction more than confirmed by recent events. We would have peace, sir, were it hot for that vain, obstinate, ambitious man, Jeff. Davis. lam not in excitement nor anger, sir, when I assure you that I know that a large majority of our people curse him, not only with their hearts, but their lips. His haughty ambition has been our ruin.” Unhappy chief of fallen spirits is Jefferson Davis. Failure has brought down upon him hatred and abuse. It would not be ebsers, no welcome, nor friendly greeting that he would receive from the people of Savannah were he to visit them now. Tiie Mahkkt and Forestalleks. —Prior to the occupation of Savannah by the Union forces, and for several years past, the mar ket house iu our city baa been infested with a class of speculators, extortioners, whose occupation was to purchase up all produce brought to market and offered for sale at living prices. After the occupatio u of Sa vannah, it was the impression of all that the vultures who had infeßted the market for years, would endeavor to obtain more honest employment than that of grinding down the poor aud depreciating the currency of the Uuited States. This fitful dream was soon over when it was announced that the coun try people with their produce could come within our linos and trade. Upon the ap appearance of the first train of carts to the market * appearod this scum of speculators far more raveuous and devastating than the locusts of Egypt. The people not being content that the specu lators should have their own way as regards trade, they appealed to Col. Neafle, Com missioner of Trade, for a reform or a schedule of price* for food. Colonel Neafle arranged and published tbs rates at which a]l produce or food could be sold at in the market. Thiß only emboldened the speculators, for they proceeded to buy up all supplies, particularly poultry, paying .or the same the lowest schedule price. They would 1 then take a first class chicken and a second class chick en, tie them together, and offer them for sale at first class rates. The deception having been seasonably discovered it will in uture prove a failure to attempt to swindle the public in this manner. Another imposi tion upon the public, viz: parties purchasing a cart-load of chickens for their own use, is at an end. This dodge of speculating will not do. Mr. Emanuel Sheftall, Keeper of the Market, has now a gentlemanly assistant with him, and by the combined efforts of these these two gentlemen the market will soon be cleared of speculators. Yet the speculators are not yet vanquished. We shall soon hear of them on. the public roads misrepresenting market prices to tho coun try people, buying up all produce, keeping the same for several days, or until the coun try people have left the city, and then bring ing it to market for sale. Second Provost Court.— Judge Walton disposed of the following cases yesterday noon. United States vs. Osgood & Cos., defendant charged with selling, at higher rates than those authorized by the schedule of prices governing the sale of produce. A friend of Messrs. Osgood A Cos., sold them a dozen eggs for eighty cents per dozen, and they resold them at the same rate. The rate of the schedule is sixty cents per dozen Ju^s e Walton fined Osgood £ eST'tive dollars '" Oeo. effewart (colored) vs. Mrs. Kene, claim for remuneration for cleaning a well for de fendant. Ordered that defendant pay to plaintiff, the sum of four dollars for said ser vices. Abraham Stewart (colored) petitioner. Permission was granted petitioner to retain in his possession two horses without molesta tion. CHATTANOOOA.-yThe fortifications at Chat tanooga are being strengthened, new works are planned and others are being rapidly pushed forward to completion. The place presents the appearance of one vast chain of forts, every hillock being crowned with an earthwork. The broad front and steep de clivities of Lookout Mountain are marked with lines of batteries, and the heights of Waldron’s and Mission Ridges bristle with cannon. The government is engaged in erecting extensive and heavy works, such as machine shops, saw mills, and large ware houses for the storage of supplies—all indi cating a design to hold it permanently as a military post. Guerrillas still hover in the vicinity, murdering Union citizens and per petrating other outrages. Bat Street —That ever-vigllant officer, Capt. Stearns, the Street Commissioner, had a large force of hands eDgaged yesterday af ternoon in cleaning and placing in good po lice, Bay street. The work caused consider able dust which is however more agreeable than noxious air and % city filled with disease. Curious Specucens'Excmed from Defunct Rebel Journals. —As our first specimen of Confederate post-obit literature, we quote the following from the “Winns boro Daily News.” It is an announcement by the editor of what he proposed and pre tends to be able to do. It is the “Preface” prefixed to Vol. 1 No. 1 of the “News," and read in the light of recent events, it is really comical. SALUTATORY. In commencing, at this particular period of our National and State affairs, the publica tion of a paper in Winnsboro’, which, we trust, will receive the countenance and sup- B>rt of the citizens of this and adjoining istricts of Fairfield, the undersigned feels sensibly the responsibility he is undertaking. Having been almost raised in this section of country, and being acquainted with many of its oldest citizens, we are confident that the liberal and patriotic portion of them will give to us the patronage which is requisite to the support of a district paper. Asa news journal, wq intend that our little offspring shall be second to none, having made all necessary arrangements for securing the latest telegraphic reports, we will be prepared to give to our readers the very latest that can be secured—from our exchanges we will cull the latest and most important items, with a view to the enligh tenment and pleasure of our readers. In fact we will spare neither pains, labor or expense in making The News a thorough news jour nal. A3 regards the political sentiment of our sheet, there is, undoubtedly, but one course left for a true Southern man to adopt, and that is the advocacy of the thorough inde pendence of tue Confederate States—no com piomii-e—uo going back into the Union, — but an eternal resistance until the sovereign ty and independence of the South, Horn \ ankee thraldom, shall be guaranteed. Our course, nevertheless, will bo indepen dent, not neutral, upou all political topics.— We belong to no party, as a party, unless it be the great Southern Rights Party, and with that we are ptepared to sink or swim. Our State and Confederate Governments will receive our hearty approval when they do, in our opinion, what is right j but when they err, wo will criticise without fear or favor. And even so with our statesmen, and those in the public walks of life. Their good deeds will be heralded with gratifica tion, while their errors will receive the criti cism which they deserve. Give ua the support, kind friends, that we need iu establishing our paper, and we will try and merit your confidence and further patronage. ’ Respectfully, J. E. JBritton. Britton, not content with th« appeal just set forth, seems to consider it necessary to address each and every trade and profession s> porately, as witness tue following articles from the- Brittcnic pen. to our friends Who desire to sustain our publication we say come forward and subscitibe i t one j, aud by your countenance and support put upon a sure foundation yoar district paper. Our office is at the old stand of the Herald and Register, where we will be pleased to see all who may give us a call. For terms, &c., see first page. to oua fatrons. Should any of our patrons fall to receive their papers promptly, they will please notify us immediately of the fact. Our carriers are not yet thoroughly acquainted with their routes, but we hope soon to have everything working orderly, TO OUE BRETHF.N of the press we extend the right hand or fel low ship, hoping that our intercourse may be pleasant and profitable. Those who will exchange with us, and to whom we send this number of our paper, will please send on their several publications immedately. TO POSTMASTERS. We send this number of our paper to Post masters in this and adjoining districts, and ask them to distribute them gratuitously for us. Why he didn’t call upon the Bootmakers, the Tailors, the Lager Bier sellers, and the many other people with whom he must have had dealings, wo don’t know—probably he does. But we imagine that our readers will all agree that these specimens of Confederate journalism were worth digging up. Savannah Thfatke.— The favorite‘~pißJ r of William Tell was again presented last even ing, with Mr. Weir aB Tell. A great bill is offered for this evening, with Mr. Weir in one of his favorite characters. Swsatnam’s Varieties was 7 opened last evening with great eclat. The work of trans forming St. Andrews Hall into a theatre, has been executed with great liberality and singular good taste, and many flattering com- ments were elicited upon the neatness and comfort ofthehouse,andthebeauty and fitness of the stage appointments. Everything went as smoothly as could be expected on a first night, and the accomplished and well-drilled actors who compose the new company ac quitted themselves to the entire satisfaction of a large audience. If the house last even ing can be taken as an index of the future popularity of this new place of amusement, we can safely promts Mr. Sweatnam the most complete and gratifying success iu his new enterprise. Won’t Give In.— The Rebel press cling to the now exploded idea of a separate nation ality for them with the most amusiug and absurd tenacity. Thus the Richmond Whig in giving late intelligence from New York, heads the column “Xeivs from the United Statu,” thus assuming that they in Virginia are not of the “United States,” but are a for eign country. Doubtless they will speedily be cured of their delusion by Grant and Sherman and be taught that Richmond is as much a part of ths United States as is New York or Washington itself, Recovery of the Bodt of Lieut. A. W Coe—At the siege of Savannah'Lieut. A. W. Coe, of Battery I, 2<l Illinois Light Artillery, was killed by a fragment of shell. The re mains were interred at Monteith, in Chatham county, near the Charleston and Savannah Railroad bridge. About five o’clock on Wednesday afternoon a detachment of on its mission. Being of a heavy draft of water got aground on the shoals of McAl pin's Landing. The steam tug C. T. Shep pherd, Capt. Davis, being called into requi sition, proceeded to the relief of the Pontiac and took on board the detail of the 18th In diana, aud also a detail of Marines from the Pontiac under the command of acting En sign Ross, twenty-five men from the 18th Indiana U. S. Volunteers, under command of Capt. Josiali Campbell, proceeded on the U. S. steamer Pontiac to exhume the remains of Lieut. Coe. The steamer Pontiac at four o’clock yesterday morning got under way and proceeded to Monteith. The remains having been secured, the Shepherd returned to the city last night about nine o’clock. Mr. Corwell Wool worth, brother of the deceased, superintended the exhumation of his relative, and he desires to return thanks to the Army, Navy and Capt. Davis, of the Shepherd, for their kindness. On the up trip of the Shepherd, the inani mate body of a human being, supposed to be a white man, was found lying near a landing on the bauk of the river, iu an advanced state of decomposition. Acting Ensign Ross, with a detachment of tho Pontiac's crew had the body decently buried. Bushwhackers. —We learn that two Ger mans, who left Charleston one day last week with a team oi mules and a wagon for Colu mbia, were met, abojit twenty-five miles from the city by a party of rebel bushwhackers, ancl forced to return to this city. The Ger mans had started for the purpose of bringing their families from Columbia to Charleston. The rebels took possession of the team and wagon and coutents, depriving the unfortu nate victims of everything but a change of clothing. The Germans returned to J the city yesterday morning It was also report ed that a party fromColuntbia endeavoring to reach Charleston had been turned back and their property taken from them.—CWAwfoa Courier, 4 th. Hon. R. J. Walker denies the statement made in the Montreal Gazette, that he visit ed Canada for the purpose of assisting an an nexation movement with $100,000,000 of Federal money. He says this is his fifth visit to Cauaaa within a few years, aud it called for no such animadversion. SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . PORT OF SAVANNAH, APRIL C. Arrived—steamer C 8 Grant, Dobbs, Hilton Head; steamer Nelly Baker, Norris, Hilton Head. Cleared—steamer Enoch Dean, Haiiett, St. Simon’s Sound; steamer U S Grant, Dobbs, Hilton Head; U S Flag of Trace steamer Nelly Baker, Norris, Sister a Ferry, THSATHE 1 Lessee and Business Manager ukant taooart. Director of Amusements a. and. havkntobt. Stage Manager t. t. heendon. FRIDvY EVENING, APRIL 7, 1805. The performance will commence with the celebrated Irish Drama, entitled IRELAND AS IT 18. Third Night of MR. THOMAS WEIR, Re-appearance of MISS FLORENCE LaFOND. And MR A . H DAVENPORT. Who will appear in two Piecea. The Glorious Farce of A TRIP TO RICHMOND ; or, THE MARRIED RAKE Will also be presented. The piece* above mentioned will be cast with the entire strength of the Company, including Messrs. Weir, Davenport, Herndon, Simpson, Rodgers, Miss Lafond, Mrs. M.'E. B'errell, Miss Maude St. Leon, Miss Prestige, Miss Elsie St. Leon, Miss Lee, and others. Notice.— ln future the doors will open at T and the curtain rise at 8 o’clock precisely. Box office open from 10 until 2 o’clock. EST- PRICES OF ADMISSION AS USUAL. _&3 All bills must be presented weekly. apr6 * gWEATNAM’3 VARIETIES. (Formerly St. Andrew's Hall.} w. p. sweat-ram f.t,,.. .Sole Lessee OPEN EVERY NIGHT. SINGING. DANCING, BURLESQUE, PANTOMIME. OBAMA, MINSTRELSY, . aud FAKcff. CHANGE OF PROGRAMME NIGHTLY. FOB PARTICULARS SCI B.VAU. BILLS. aprfl ts wanted. A bildlng containing rooms for a small family, with store attached—must be in a business portion of the city. Apply at the Herald office, apr4 QIRCULAR. ' 5 Office Provost Marshal, District of Savannah, Ga., ... .. . , . April 0, 1865. Attention having been called to the fact that the Cemeteries of this City have been desecrated by visi tors plucking flowers without authority, and injuring the trees and shrubbery in variou.| ways, notice is hereby given, that any person hereafter found guilty 01 *ny such act, will be punished for the same. The sticking up ofhandbilllsor posters in the streets of this city is hereby prohibited, except upon Bulletin boards prepared for that purpose. By cojpmand of Brevet Major General C. GROVER, _ _ Commanding Robert P. Yoke, Lt Col. 75th N. Y. V. V., and Prov, Mar Diet, ot Savannah, Ga. I apr7 OUT. The large Stock of BOOTS AND SHOES, SPRING CLOTHING, GROCERIES, BOTTLED AT.K t PORTER and SEGARS and CIDE, TOBACCOS, tn great variety, BEEF AND PORK, in half-bbla, SUTLERS’ GOODS, TEAS COFFEES and SPICES The entire Btock will be sold, WHOLESALE AST) RETAIL, AT NEW YORK PR.ICEs The public will find this the best opportunity tdr,„ r chase yet offered In this market, ‘ 170 BROUGHTON STREET, mar2l ts Next door to Sherlock’s. pOST QUARTERMASTER’S OFFICE, Ckntbai. Railroad Bans, Savannah, Ga., March, Ist, isc; In pursuance of orders, received at this office, HI citizens occupying batldftigs, whose owners are ab sent within the Rebel lines, or buildings, or other property belonging to disloyal persons, will, unless such buildings have been previously assigned-rent free—settle the rents for the same, due the Uni ted States, at this office op or before the loth of April. A failure to comply with the above will cause a forfeiture of all claims to farther occupation. S. S. STARR, aprl Capt. and A. Q. M., In charge ofbuildhiga. STEELE A BURBANK, 11 Merchants’ Row, „ . Hilton Head, S. C Call the attention of Wholesale and Retail purchasers to their superior stock of MILITARY AND NAVAL CLOTHING AND FURNISHING GOODS, Watches, Clocks, Fancy Goods, Jewelry, ard Plated Ware,Swords Sashes, Belts, Embroderios, Boots, Caw Field Glasses, Gauntlets Gloves, Ac., Ac., Ac. JELLING OFF AT COST 1 IMMENSE STOCK I $150,000 •.VOBTH OF MERCHANDISE TO BE 30LD IMMEDIATELY! Consisting of 30 Tieroee Hama, 300 barrels Flour, 100 barrels Sugar, 150 cases Boots and BhOwa, -- 60 boxes Coffee, 1000 cases Ale, 600 boxes Raisins, 150 barrels Ale, 150 barrels Walnuts, Filberts and Brazil Nuts, ■ 1000 cases Peaches, Tomatoes, Chickens, Tur * keys, Ac. 800 barrels Cakes and Crackers, 60 barrels Molasses, 150 eases Tobacco. COO dozen Shirts, 400,0000 Cigars. also, A large and extensive stock of Yankee Notions, Stationery, Hosery, and many other goods too num •roue to mention. Sutlers and Merchants, eall and examina before sending your orders to New York. C W. DENNIS & CO , No, 4 Merchant's Row, Hilton Head, S. 0 aprl tt REWARD. Stolen from in this city, on yesterday af ternoon, a Bilver Watch, (detached lever,J Cooper, maker. Attached to the Watch was a Gold Chsia. and looped to it was a Silver Badge, in the shape of a heart, and set in live oak. The following inscription was on the Cadge; Hilton Head, Nov. Yth, 1801: Fort. Pulaski. April 11th, 1862: Pocotallgo, Oct. 22d. 1802; James Islaud, June 10th and 18th, 1862: Fort Wagner. July 18th, ISO3 ; Morris Island. July 18th, 1803, The above reward will be paid on delivery of the property at this office. 2 aprl QARPENTERB WANTED IMMEDIATELY. Two good Carpenters are wanted at the St. An drew’s Hall. Apply to apr4 JAMES C. BLANCE. rjNHE NEW SKIRT FOR 1906. Awonderful Invention for Ladies. Unquestionably superior to all others. Don't fall to read the advertisement in the Savakkah Herald, containing- /nil particulars, every Monday morning. edexM3mo aaar2l ® Savannah, Ga., March, 8, 1805. After this date the Provost Court will bo held in the U. 3. Court House, up stairs, coiner of Bull and Bay &treeU EBEN PARSONS, Jr., mar 9—ts Lieut, and Provost Judge. QOTTON SEED Ml COTTON SEED; IN • LARGE OR SMALL QUANTITIES. Will be purchased at Fair Rates by the undersigned, “SEA ISLAND" PREFERRED. Parilee desiring to sell, will state quantity for dis posal, and price per bushel desired, and where located. Address, T. E. SICKLES, mar 7—ts Box 14, Hilton Head, S. C. J>ROVOST COURT NOTICE. On and after this date, the First Provost Court, Ist Llent. El>eu Parsons, ,Tr„ Judge, will be held at the U. S. Court House, corner of Bull aud Bay streets. The Second Provost Conrt, Capt. James M. Walton, Judge, will be held in the room over Adams’ Eipress rn'u °® C0 ’ co« ler Bey and Drayton streets. The respective jurisdictions are fixed by General Order No. 6., and all parties having business btfore said Courts will govern themsi-’'"-- By order, PROVOST JUDGES. mar2o ts TANARUS) IDDELL & MURDOCK, WUOLWALK AM, Bi/lAIL DKALLIM IN SUTLERS' AND NAVA [. STORES, DRY GCODS, BOOTS AND SHOES, HATS AND CAPS, Ukntj.kaikn’B Goods, Ac., No. 5 Merchants’ Row, Hiltou Head, S. C. . W, O. KIDDMJ, [janlO—tfj H, A.mRBOOXv