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Savannah daily herald. (Savannah, Ga.) 1865-1866, May 08, 1865, Image 1

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SAYANNAH DAILY HERALD. VOL. 1-NO. 96. The Savannah Daily Herald (MORNING AND EVENING} IS PUBLISHED BY W. MASON & CO.. At 111 Bat Street* Savannah, Georgia terms: Per Copy Five Cents. Per Hundred $3 6u. Per Year $lO 00, advertising: Two Dollars per Square of Ten Lines for first in sertion ; One Dollar lor each subsequent one. Ad vertisements inserted in the morning, will, if desired, appear In the evening without extra charge. JOB PRINTING, In every style, neatly and promptly dc^e. THE END OP THE ASSASSIN—THE FURTHER PROGRESS OP JUSTICE. The official announcement made in the city about noon of yesterday, that the assassin of President Lincoln had at last been hunted down and killed, and that one of his chief confederates had at the same time been cap tured, produced au excitement not ordinarily surpassed by the announcement -of a victory in the field, accompanied by a profound sense of relief, satisfaction and pleasure. The pur suit of the assassin had lasted just eleveu days, and had been carried on with a keen ness and an intensity unequaled by anything in our criminal history. It had, of course, been particularly vigilant in and around Washington ; but the agents of justice were hunting him everywhere. The search reached up to Quebec in the North, and extended far down into the South ern Confederacy. The hiding places in the mountains, fqrests and swamps, as well as the hiding places in the great cities of the land were scoured for him. All outward bound ships to foreign ports were searched for him; the gunboats and garrisons on the Mississippi River were, and doubtless still are, closely watching for his appearance; on every railroad train, on all the lines of the country, lynx-eyed men were eagerly trying to discover him; detectives, governmental and municipal, regular and voluntary, sol diers, sailors, citizens, rebels, negroes,— everybody everywhere seemed to be after the accursed outlaw. The large rewards were, undoubteitly a stimulus to activity; but, besides this, every one felt that he had a duty to perform to himself, to his country, and to public justice. Under the circum stances, the attempts of the wretch to escape law and vengeance were as futile and hope less as his attempts to save himself from the execrations of history by his swaggerish assumptions. Perhaps the first ieeling in the public mind created by the report that the murderer had been shot was one of disappointment. The loyal community had set its heart upon see ing him swing at the rope'e end. There were few, at first, able to understand how, after an assassin had been tracked to a barn and there surrounded by a squad of cavalry numbering twenty-eight men, he could not be talceu alive, even if he had been maimed and reudered powerless by sundry shots be fore his capture. Justice appeared not to be fnllv vindicated. And there seemed to have been, as it were, a final triumph for the murderer, in the manner of his death. The naturalness of this feeling renders it super fluous to analyze it. The public will ask, however, for thorough inquest into the circumstances of the capture; and until this inquest is made, it will be w4l for the reflectihg to remember that it was, after all, but a dog s death that the ruffian met; that his stage tricks were taken out of him before he sought shelter— lamed, bruised, stripped of his paint and feathers—in a shed along with one of his wretched accomplices; that the public have been spared the abomination of hearing his dying speech and confession j and that, while the most notable of the gang of assassins has got a quick dispatch, there are- yet left scores of his confederates, scarcely less whom the vengeance .of the law will be meted out in a less summary lorm. • The dead murderer’s memory may be left to rot with his carcase. The living conspira tors who acted with him must be pursued with redoubled energy and unyielding pur pose. The task is no easy or grateful one, but it can only be shirked at the risk of the national safety.— .V. Y. Times. No Use to Try to Please Everybody.— “If you please,” said the Weathercock to the Wind, “turn me to the South ; there is such a cry out against the cold, that I am afraid they'll pull me down if I stop much longer in this North quarter.” So the wind flew from the Sottth, and the sun was master of the day, and rain fell abundantly. “Oh, please turn me from the South,” said th'e Weathercock to the wind again. “The potatoes will all be spoilt, and the corn wants dry weather, and while lam here, rain it will; and, what with the heat and the wet, the faruleTs are.just mad against me.” So the wind shifted into the West, and there came soft, drying breezes day after day. “Oh, dear; dear !” said the Weathercock, “here’s a pretty to do ! such evil looks as I got from eyes all round me the first thing every morning ! the grass is getting parched up, and there is no water for the stock ; and what is to be done ? As to the gardeners, they say there won’t be a pea to be seen, and the vegetables will wither away. Do turn me somewhere else.” “VYhat do they say to you now ?” he ask ed. • “Wljit!” cried the Weathercock; “why, everybody has caught cold, and everything is blighted—that’s what they say ; and there isn’t a misfortune that happens but somehow or other they lay it to the East wind.” f.•” cried the Wind, “let them find tault; I see it’s impossible for you and-me to please everybody ; so in ftiture I shall blow wuere 1 like, aud you shall go where 1 like, without asking any questions. I don't know iut that we shall satisfy more than we can do now, with all bur consideration. 1 ' . . SISTER BESS. I’ve a sister at home—a dear r 'guish lass. With a heart gay and l’ght as a cricket’s; A sly little minx, with a rage for the glass. And a passion for opera tickets. O ! a dimple-chinned fairy is dear sister Bess, And vain is her soldier brother; As he sits in his-tent Ayith his comrades at mess, And tells them the jov Ot her loving caiess, And her earnest regard for her brother. Poor Bessie was left, when a wee little child. With none but a brother to love her; How sad was the day when, startled and wild, She piteously sobbed for her mother. “Look, Bessie,” I said, and I pointed on high, To the heaven of blue far above us, “Up there, my dear sister, Far up in the sky, Where, if we are good. We shall live when We die, We’ve a mother to watch and to love ns." So Bessie and I grew up with our love For each other never fading, But I start led the dear little soul one day, With my uniform on for parading; And her heart swelled full, when I left for the war, For she loved me with deep devotion— “ Come back, dear Dick, When the war is o’er, Come back, my brother, To Bess once more." • She sobbed in wild emotion. And I’m going back to my early mate, When the battle ends with honor, And that will be when, from every State, Streams out our starry banner. And when I go, I have heard it said, (So writes my cousin Jessie.} That dear old Tom (Now Captain) Bird, High private once In the Twenty-Third, Is going to many Bessie. [_V. 0. Times. EDWIN BOOTH AND ROBERT LINCOLN From the New York Times. And here it ia only thoughtful and honest to say that the Union cause has had no stronger or more generous supporter than Mr. Edwin Booth. From the commencement he has been earnestly and actively solicitous for the triumph of our arms and the welfare of our soldiers. An incident, a trifle in itself, may be recalled at this momen’, when the profound monotony of grief overwhelms us. Not a month siuce Mr. Edwin Booth was proceeding to Washington. At Trenton there was a general scramble to reach the cars, which had started, leaving many behind in the refreshment saloon. Mr. Edwin Booth was preceded by a gentleman whose foot slip ped as he stepping upon the plattorm. and who would have fallen at once beneath the wheels had not Mr. Edwin Booth’s arm sus tained him. The gentleman remarked that he had had a narrow escape oi hia life, and was thankful to his preserver. It was Robert Lincoln, the son of that great, good man who now lies dead before our blistered eyes, and whose name we cannot mention without choking. In some way the incident came to the knowledge of Lieutenant-General Grant, who at once wiote a civil letter to Mr. Edwin Booth, and said that if he could serve him at any time he would be glad to do so. Mr. Booth replied, playfully, that when he (Grant) was in Richmond he would like to play for him there. It is a trifle, but it is just to re member trifles when a man so stricken and overburdened with woe as is Mr. Edwin Booth. The Assassination of the President and the Union. —Rev. Chas. Lowe of Massa chusetts iu a sermon delivered iu Charleston Sunday April 23d, said : I have purposely predicated what I said respecting this unfavorable condition of Southern sentiment as applying to the time preceding the news of Mr. Lincoln's death. That event has materially changed the as pect of affairs. Perhaps it was that it roused a fear of the consequences—in the increased strineeuey and austerity of the policy that w< uld be pursued—perhaps it was that the honor at the deed gave a thrill of indigna tion that was in syinpaihy with the Union side; but it matters not what the motive may have been—that eVent has done more to hasten the true conditions of peace than would have been done by months of ordiuary endeavor. The day on which the dreadful news arrived will be for this city a memor able day. It was the nineteenth of April— the anniversary of the battle of Lexington and Concord, in 1775, and of the shedding of blood in the streets of Baltimore, in 1861. That morning I sat iu a feeling of disappoint ment at something that had just occurred to illustrate the lack of cordial loyalty iu the South, and as I recalled the date I wondered if, this year, it would be marked by an event. Even as I pondered the boat was steaming up the harbor with the intelligence that was to burst over the city with a cloud that should mantle ail in gloom. Who shall picture the despondency of that day, and one said to another in your streets, -“Ruin! rum! all hope of reconciliation is gone!" Ah, but in these things God is great er than our fears, and out of this awful cloud came presently a gleam of light. No sooner was the first shock over than it began to be felt that now the hour for decision had come. That very day, in this church—which being the first to take a stand—resolutions were passed, (the first since the occupation of this city), promising fidelity and service to the i Union The day, like those of which it was the anniversary, was a day of gloom; but in ; its results it will be glorious like them. On the dark 19th of April,"in 1775, liberty was born. In 1861 resistance to treason was se cured—and the continuance of the Union assured 1865 disunion was buried in the ! grave of Abraham Lincoln! | Who can say, when we consider this effect I ° Ike tidings of that day—who can say but that God’s wisdom said that he whose life seemed to vs necessary to our service, could serve us better by his ceath ? Os approaching union we find the first harbinger in the event which we commemo rate to-day. Six months ago an observer ' would have said that if there was one point in which was embodied, as it were, the spirit , of our dissensions, it was the hate on the one ■I side and the affection on the other towards him who presided over our national affairs; ■ and yet the first thing in which the syrnpa ; thies of our once-more-to-be-united people : have joined is in one common sorrow which ‘ seems to prevail South as well as North, over i the grave of Abraham Lincoln • SAVANNAH, GA., MONDAY, MAY 8, 1865. [From the Atlanta lutelligebcer.] A TRAGEDY AT WASHINGTON CIT^. •God works in a mvste ions way, His purpose to fulfill." In the accounts which we published on yesterday of Lincoln’s assassination at Wash ington City be true, how illustrative they are of the mysterious workings of a Provi dence that shapes the ends of govern ments and of men—of all nations in their rise, progress and fall—and of rulers of na tions, arrogant in the pomp of power, or hu miliated by weakness and misfortune. Pre ceding the death of Lincoln, no hand was seen writing upon the wail, to warn and pre pare him for his doom. Nor did his knees smite each other, as did Belshazzar’s at Iris feast, in anticipation of a fearful judgment about to befall him. At a place of revelry, surrounded by a gay and briliant assembly, with no thought of danger, sharing the ad miration of the theatrical “stars, ”aud buoy ant with the success of his armies ; indulg ing, doubtless, the belief that,his Presiden tial career in the future would be one of con tinued triumph over a people who had done him nor his people any wrong ; he was “cut down like a flower, ” and from life to eterni ty passed away, there to account for the deeds done in the body. What a lesson ! What a tragedy ! In it, history has again been re-enacted. At the startling event we are appalled. The actor in it, was the sop ot an actor, who bore the name of Junius Brutus,” who doubtless imparted to his son much of his nature, which his profession and his delineations of tragedy were calcu lated to communicate. In a great degree, the brother of the actor in the terrible event that signed Lincoln to his tomb, inherits the passion of his father, the elder Booth, for tragedy. But both father and 9on have been eclipsed by a young son. The mimic perfor mances of the former pale beneath the ac tual of the latter. Truly the mysterious workings of Providence are past all human comprehension! The Status of Lee s Paroled Officers and of Rebel Civil Officers. —Attorney- General Speed has given an opinion, at the instance of the War Department, as to the status required under Lee’s capitulation, by paroled rebel officers, and by persons hold ing a position in the civil service of the Con federacy. It appears from Secretary Stan ton’s statement, that since the capitulation, rebel officers have appeared in their uniform within the loyal States. And upon this there naturally arises the question, whether 6uch conduct is not an act of hostility, subjecting those guilty of it to be dealt with as enemies of the United States. The Attorney-Gene ral reaches a conclusion on the subject with out much apparent hesitancy. Starting with the decision of the Supreme Court, that the rebellion was an organized insurrection with a defined territory, and that "Gen. Grant, in giving certain terms to Lee, dpoke and acted simply as a soldier. Mr. Speed is of opinion that the rebel officers who have surrendered to Grant have no homes within the loyal States, and have no right to come to places which were their homes before the rebellion. The Attorney- General is also of opinion that, the stipulation made betwixt Gens. Grant and Lee only em brace the officers and soldiers of Lee’s army. Civilian officers of the Confederacy, there fore, have no protection under that instru ment, if found within the territory of the loyal States. The wearing of a rebel uni form is held by the Attorney-General to be in in itsell an act of hostility. This opinion, we take it, coincides fully with the iutention present to the mind of the Lieutenant-General in dictating the terms of Lee’s surrender. If Gen. Grant had contem plated either throwing an amnesty over’the civil officers of the Confederacy, or of giving perfect enlargement to rebel officers to par ade through the loyal States at will,he would have taken up Gen. Lee’s proposition of a general scheme of pacification. As it was, the terms of capitulation were strictly mili tary, and this is simply the construction At torney-General Speed puts upon them. — N. Y. Times. The Ocean Bottom. —Mr. Green, the fam ous diver, tells singular stories of his adven tures when making search in deep wateiwif the ocean. He gives some new sketches of what he saw at the “Silver Banks,” near Hayli: t: Tbe banks of the coral on which my div ings were made are about forty miles in length, and from ten to twenty in breadth.— On this bank of coral, is presented to the diver one of the most beautiful and sublime scenes the eye ever beheld. The water varies ten to one hundred feet in depth, and so clear that the diver can see from two to three hun dred feet when submerged, with but little obstruction to the sight. The bottom of the ocean, in many places, is as smooth as a marble floor; in others it is studded with coral columns, from ten to one hundred feet in height, and from one to eighty feet in diameter. The tops of those more lofty support a pyramid of pyrididal pendants, each forming a myriad more, giv ing the reality to the imaginary abode of souse water nymph. In other places the pendants form arch after arch; as the diver stands on the bottom of the ocean and gazes through in the deep winding avenue, he finds they fill him with as sacred an awe as if he were in some old cathedral, which had long been buried beneath old ocean’9 waves. Here and there the coral extends to the surface of the water, as if the loftier columns were towers belonging to these stately temples that are now in ruins. There were countless varieties ot diminu tive trees, shiubs, and plants in every crevice of the corals where water had deposited the earth. They were all of a faint hue owing to the pale light they received, although of every shade, and entirely different from plants that lam familiar with that vegetate upon dry land. One in particular attracted my attention ; it resembled a sea fan of im mense size, variegated colors and the most brilliant hue. The fish which inhabit these ‘Silver Banks’ I found as different in kiud as the scenery was varied. They were of all forms, colors, and sizes—from the symmetri cal goby to the globe-like sunfisli; from those ol the dullest hue to the changeable dolphin ; from spotß of the leopard to hues of the sunbeam, from the harmless minnow to the voracious shark.” FROM THE INTERIOR. Lute Augusta, Atlanta and Macon Papers. INTERESTING EXTRACTS. Ziocal, Personal and Military In telligence. Ed It orlal Comments on Recent Events. The Lawlessness on Monday —We re gret to state that the government stores in this city were sacked on Monday. But we arc happy to announce that but few soldiers took part in the affair. The mob was com posed mostly of low women and men, resi dents of this city. Any parties who attribute the deeds to our brave soldiery will do them a great injustice. No true soldier took part in the matter. On the contrary, they re sumed the arms they had so nobly borne in their country’s defence and assisted to sup press the deeds of lawlessness which were being committed. Great praise is due Gen. Wright and Col. Fiser for the part they took in dispersing the mob. One or two private stores were plundered before order was restored. Among them the store of Messrs. Neal & Whitlock. These gentlemen are heavy losers. — Augusta Chronicle Sentinel. A SUGGESTION TO THE COMMANDING OFITCE. As the government clothing has been given out, all that now brings the returning sol diers to our city is simply to receive their pay. We suggest that a pay office be estab lished at the junction of the Washington branch with the Georgia Railroad. Also another at Atlanta. We also suggest that the proper officers be stationed at the Washing!on junction, and turn the Coldiers who live beyond in the di rection of their homes. Comiug to this city only hinders them a day or two on their journey; and also vexes them with disappointment. Will the proper officials see to this at once? We hope so. PEACE, As with most wars, ours has been brought to a sudden conclusion by a powerful and mighty catastrophe. The surrender of Gen. Lee s army virtually put an end to it. In the judgment of Gen. Lee and of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, it was worse thaii useless to continue the fight any longer. But not a shadow ot blame can be cast upon,either of those illustrious generals or the noble armies under their command. By the verdict of both friend and foe they are without reproach. They retire from the contest, honored and applauded even by* their adversaries. They did all that men Could. For four years they sustained au enequal struggle with unsurpassed endu rance, heroism and valor. That they failed was the fortune of war—the result of the overwhelming superiority of numbers and resources opposed to them. All that remains is to conclude a peace which shall give tranquility and prosperity again to our bleeding and distracted country. Tui9, we fondly trust, has been already sub stantially effected. As our readers are aware, we have long been an ardent advocate of peace, of the substitution of negotiation for the sword, of a peaceful solution of this sanguinaiy con troversy. However our motives may have been maligned, we can conscientiously say that we have been influenced in the course we have pursued on this subject, solely by a sincere devotion to what we thought was lor the best interests of all concerned. In our position we have had the satisfaction of knowing that we were sustained and en dorsed by some of the best, the wisest and purest patriots of the South- Aud now the propriety of our course is fully demonstrated by the logic of stern and stubborn facts. We congratulate our readers on the bright prospect es an immediate pea*. Its bles sings are appreciated, aud its necessity felt by all. It will enable our war worn and battle scarred veterans to go to the homes from which they have been so long absent— to cheer with their presence the hearts which have so long sighed for their return. It will rekindle the light of joy in many a dwelling, and bring happiness to many a hearth, made desolate by the absence of its protector. It will diffuse renewed prosperity over our land so long torn and devastated by the plougshare of ruin. It will re-invigorate the spirit of enterprise, and renerve the arm of industry. And soon it will repair the cruel ravages of war, and cause the desert and the solitary place to rejoice and blossom as the rose— Augusta Chronicle Sentinel, To tlie Citizens and Residents of Au gusta. All the citizens and residents of Augusta, capable of bearing arms, arc earnestly re quested to assemble at the City Hall this Wednesday morning, at 11 1-2 o’clock, for the purpose of forming organizations for the protection of the city. As the military are rapidly being paroled, it is necessary that action should be immediately taken upon a matter of such vital importance to our wel fare and security, and I trust our arms-bear ing people will come out en masse. The organization, when completed, will be placed under the Generals assigned by Geu. McLaws to the protection of the city. Robt. H. Max’, Mayor City of Augusta. Important from Gen. Johnston.. By Telegraph from Greensboro, April 26th, W Major Gen. McLaws, or Brig. Gen. Fry : Gen. JohDSton desires you will publish the following order : Ofilcers and men of the army, and officers and men of the navy, within the country west of the Chattahoo chee may also accept the terms of the con venti’on.—3/ocon Journal fc Messenger, May 2d. The rumor we published yesterday in re gard to Kirby Smith’s forces having joined Maximilian, is still circulated pretty freely on the streets, but we have nothing up to PRICE. 5 CENTS the time of going to press, which will justify us in confirming the report. —Macon AW (From the Macon News.} Our City Has the past two or three days been as quiet as could have been expected, under the cir cumstances. We notice that a few stores and shops of variifffe kinds have reopened, and resumed business; and from the crowds we see around the doors of such places, we judge there is no lack of customers. We re gret to see that in some parts of the city where the soldiers are encamped, 9ome of onr shade trees, of an extraordinary character and highly ornamental to the city, aie being used as hitching posts. We merely mention this, in the hope that it may be noticed -aud remedied by the authorities. The trains are now making their regular trips on all the roads leading from the city; a lew days ancTother vehicles that look any thing but military, may be seen in the streets; the newsboys line the pavements, chanting “here’s your morning paper,” and with the exception ot the “blue jacket” on the streets, our city wears much of its old appearance. We are requested by Capt. W. E. Brown, Chief Q. M. of the division to inform farm ers and planters on the different lines of rail road leading from the city that they are urged to bring in their corn, for which they will receive pay in Federal currency at fair prices. His office is at the Lanier House, and he is prepared to make contracts with our planters for produce and supplies. Im pressment will not be resorted to in any case if it possibly can be avoided, as he is pre paaed to pay all on delivery for their corn, fodder and other supplies. Gone Up !—Yesterday evening about 4 o’clock our editorial sanctum was thrown into great confusion by the gathering of a large crowd of Confederates, near ®ur office. Flu hed with the idea of obtaining an item, we threw down our pen and rushed to the scene of action. Filled with excitement by the apparently agitated condition of the crowd, we pushed into the midst ot the throng, and asked what was up ; and were answered—“going to draw rations.” Im agine our disappointment. [From the Atlanta Intelligencer ] * lVhat the South may Kxplct. In another column of to-day’s paper our readers will find two articles that may inter est and teach them what the South, in a state of subjugation, the leaders especially, and the masses concerned in the “rebellion,” may expect. The first article to which we invite attention is headed “Speech of President Johnson,” which we find in a late Chatta nooga Gazette. This speech, it seems, was made to an Illinois delegation, headed by Governor Oglesby, who had called upon the accidental President to pay formal respects to him. It will be found significant—veiy significant—of his views and temper towards those who have sinned against the Ration over which he now rules. The second article appeared in the New York Herald and is headed ‘The duty of the North—Henry Ward Beecher pleads par don for the Rebels and Jeff Davis.” Beech er’s “valadictory, ”as it is termed, was de livered to his congregation at Plymouth Church previous to his departure tor Fort Snitipter, to which is appended the views of his church endorsing the sentiments em braced in the valedictory. As the position he and his church assume, differs widely from that of their President, we present ft* to our readers as an offset to the same. It will lutVdly be disputed that over the public mind of the North, Beecher exercises as much influence as President Johnson, if not more, and it may be that not as much hang ing will be done, as one might anticipate upon reading the address of the latter to the Illinois delegation. But the reader must judge for himself. The Intelligencer and the Register have beeD having a sharp passage of arms over the question of nominating a Governor for the next State election; iiPthe course of which the Intelligencer thus speaks of The Chaos in Georgia. Our friends of the Register will please to enlighten ns if they can upon this point. They know full well, or ought to know, that iu the conduct of this journal we have stead ily ignored the agitation of the gubernatorial question at this time. They know, or ought to know, that we have in no manner given information even, as to whom we will sup- S>rt for Governor at the next election. either do they, nor do we know, whether Governor Brown will he a candidate or not; neither do they, nor do we know, whether either they, or ourself, or any of Georgia’s tpie sons, will be permitted to vole for Governor, at the next election in this State ■ for one. There is a time and a season for all things. And now, with our armies disbanded, our State occupied by the enemy, our people suffering and distressed, our Confederate au thorities fugitives, chaos. reigning as it were in our midst, nothing, in our judgment, can be more supremely ridiculous than the call of the Register upon us to l< trot out” our candidate. Be more considerate* neighbor! You will write still more piquant editorials, and sleep sounder, if you will only let alone for a time longer this gubernatorial, question, and avoid-tro abling oMiers-wtth-it also. The Loyalty of Edwin 'Booth: all who are interested in Edwin .Booth Ave offer the following extracts from letters written by him to Capt. Richard Cary, of the Second Massachusetts infantry, and to members of his family at the dates given. E^t .Cambridge, April 19, 1865. 4 Fekrdary 11, 1861.—“ fr fancy * * * intends to crush the rebellion Without shed ding blood ; God grant he may crush it—at any cost. . * * * Then the “Star Spangled Banner’ will be more respected, loved, feared, and envied than in days before the fight. * * * I hold on to faith in the glorious future of our undivided Union.” November 11, 1864.—“1 voted for Lincoln the other day—the first vote I ever cast; and now, I suppose, I am an American citizen all oveT, as I have ever been at heart.” March 10, 1865. —“Yes, our news is glo rious. lam happy in it and glory in it, though a Southerner born. God grant the end, or rather the beginning, is near at hand. For when the war ceases, we shall have be gun to live; a nation never to be shaken again; ten times more glorious—a million times fairer than before.” — Boston Transcript.