The Savannah Daily Herald.
BY 8. W. MASON AND CO.
• AVANXAH. WEDNESDAY, MAY 10, 1P66.
___ __ - —««
Pkbsonai.. -Tne numerous friends of the
Hon. Philip M. Russell, one of the Repre
sentatives of Chatham County (in the Legis
lature) will be pleased to learn that he ar
rived in this city yesterday from Macon, ao
oompanied by his son Oapt. Isaac Russell, ot
the Georgia State forces. Mr. Russell is in
excellent health aud is gratified to learn the
views of his constituents as regards the future
destiny of the “Empire State." He will do
all that he can to further their views and re
store the allegiance of the State to the Gov
ernment of the United States.
Retribution. —Our soldier boys cannot and
will not give up at once their notions of pay
ing off certain debts of a peculiar kind, and
“getting square” with those who have treat
ed them so badly. Witness the following
“Some of our men, escorted by niggers and
escape i prisoners, paid a visit to a noted ruf
fian, a second Legree, who kept a pack of
blood-hounds for the purpose of hunting
down niggers and escaped Union prisoners
The boys disposed of his dogs as they have
done w T ith all the blood-hounds they come
across, burned down his house and place,
then tied himself to a tree, and got some
strapping niggers to flog him. which they did
with a will, repaying in the lex tailoms style.
Lime. -~-This excellent disinfectant wtiich
has been furnished the people so that they
might be enabled to keep their premises under
good police, has been quite freely distributed.
The supply, two hundred and fifty bushels,
having'been exhausted in a few days, a fur
ther supply will be on hand. All who desire
can then procure it, free of expense.
FIRST PROVOST COURT.
The following case came up before Judge
A. T. Maaon vs. D. Oliver Pierce & Cos ,
GarnUherfl. Claim for $495 50. Case con
tinued from May sth, IBCS. On motion of
defendant’s counsel it is ordered that the at
tachment on the goods and property iu the
Forest City Mills be dismissed upon delivery
by defendant of six bales of hides therein to
to Pierce & Cos., the purchasers.
SECOND PROVOST COURT.,
Judge Benedict assumed charge of this
court yesterday. The following cases were
George C. Ulmer vs. Mr. Rowland—Re
covery of moneys paid in advance for rent.
Alfred Haywood vs. Ben Golding (color
ed). Recovery of rent. Ordered that the
defendant be allowed ten days to procure
another house or pay his rent to plaintiff.
Rachel Bloomfield vs. Heotor Johnson.—
Ordered that the defendant In this case be
allowed time to pay his rent until he is paid
off by the Government, in which employ he
Wm. Swoll, Agent vs. Addison, James
Vaughan, Sarah Duncan, Wm. Rose, Han
nah Christopher. Recovery of rent. Order
ed that the several defendants named herein
pay to the plaintiff as much of their rent as
they can possibly afford within ten days from
Larkin King v». Thomas Dixon. Debt due
for board, Ordered that the defendant pay
the amount he owes, or in default thcreot he
becomes liable to be arrested.
Jane Mitchell vs. Rebecca Holmes. Theft
of oven. Ordered that the said oven be re
turned to plaintiff the proper owner, ,
Simon Ruffian vs. Miriam Ruffian. Re
covery of children. Ordered that the de
fendant give up two of the children to plain
tiff, the mother retaining one.
Tbe following coses were adjourned until
Mrs. Brower vs. Dr. Sheftall. Destruction
Patrick Scanlan vs. Mrs. Magrath. En
croachments on lot.
James Loitis vs. Mrs. Daries. Illegal pos
session of house. Adjourned till to-morrow
The following cases were dismissed for the
non appeal ance of the parties conoemed.
Elizabeth winn vs. Mr. Oliver. Recovery
Mrs. Nutmeyer vs. Blondean. Using
Geo. Washington vs. Adam Fox. Recov
ery of mule.
Larkin King vs. Donald McDonald. Debt
Am Im«*obtant Pamphlet—A review of an
able pamphlet just issued, upon »he Commer
cial Strength of the United States, &c., will
be found on our first page this morning. The
argument ot the writer is clear and power
ful and educes the most startling conclu
sions. An interesting and critical sketch of
this remarkable pamphlet is given by one of
our regular contributors.
SvTEATNAM S \ ABIITIES.— >ThIS popular
place of amusement will be re-opened to
night with many new and important improve
ments in scenery; machinery, & c ., and sever
al additional attractions to its already excel
In a conversation with Rev. Dr. Bellows
of avear ago, Secretary- Seward
said to Mr. Lincoln, “He is the best man I
ever knew." * 1
News boys are prohibited from selling the
Dally Intelligencer for more than one dollar
per copy.— Atlanta InteUiymioer.
The County Convention*
SPEECH OF KIATOB ARNOLD.
Fhllow Citizens : — You have convened in
primary assembly this day in pursuance of a
call which I hold in my hand, signed by a
*arge numbei of the citizens of Chatham
County, ••lor the putpose of divising some
practicable mode of ascertaining the views of
the people as to the speediest plan of restor
ing the State to her original condition in the
Union, and to provide tor the assembling of
a convention of the whole people ol Geor
gia at some suitable time and place for that
The proclamation of Governor Brown,
calliug an extra meeting of the Legislature,
which has come to hand here since our call
was issued, has modified materially the plan
of actiou which, it is thought by many,ought
'to be pursued by this primary meeting; be
cause when the Legislature meets it is en-
tirely iu their power to call a convention of
Early after the capture of our city, on the
21st of December, 1864, the citizens of Sa
vannah, representing a preponderating
part of the county of Chatham, did recom
mend that a convention should be called.
The Legislature, which met after that
time, refused to call a convention.
I shall not discuss the past. lam not here
for the purpose of crimiuution or recrimina
tion. I should scorn to cast back one single
stone of abuse which has been hulled at the
citizens of Savannah.
It is the duty of the true patriot to make a
proper estimate of our actual situation, and
to endeavor by all proper means to remedy
as far as possible the evils under which we
It is the right of the people, who are the
source of all government, to express their
views in all cases of public emergency, and
to iutrust their representatives to carry out
Already have you expressed in public
meeting your desire for a Convention.
The proclamation of Governor Brown does
not specify any particular course to be pur
sued, but as I know you have made up your
minds as to what ought to be done, it is your
right to express your views, and considering
the circumstances under which we are placed,
it is indeed a duty that you should urge up
on the Legislature the necessity and proprie
ty of an early Convention of the people of
Georgia to take measures to restore our State
to her original station in the Union.
It is not for us to dictate to the citizens of
our fellow-counties, but it may be permitted
to us to respectfully urge upon them the
propriety of calling primary meetings in the
several counties iu the State to give expres
sion to their yiews as to a Convention, and to
instruct their Senators and Representatives
as to those views.
The time for action is at hand ; let us not
waste it iu idle words or in metaphysical ab
stractions as to the science of Government.
Earnest, honest, harmonious, concentrated
action may, and will do much to rescue us
from our present prostrated condition, and to
enable us to start on our new career with an
impulse which must injure success.
The meeting is now open for any proposi
tion which may be laid before it. v
Remarks of W. 8- Rockwell, Esq.
It is with some degree of hesitation, Mr.
Chairman, that I respond to the call which
has been made upon me to-day, and venture
to advise with my fellow-citizens of Chat
ham county,to whom lam so much a strang
er. Yet in times of difficulty aud extremity,
any one's opinions may tend in some meas
ure to point the way to the desired relief. I
propose, therefore, to advance but a few sug
gestions. You have met to-day to deliberate
how to extricate yourselves from the embar
rassments that surround you, and to decide
on some plan which may avail speedily to re
store the State to that position iu the Union
she once occupied.
There is probably throughout the whole
country not one dissenting' voice upon this
subject. All are satisfied that it is not only
desirable, but in the present aspect of affairs,
imperative that Georgia should at once re
turn to that position, and if any differences
of opinion exist, it is only upon the best and
readiest plan which will accomplish the ob
ject. Some hesitate, restrained by the idea
that our people will not be permitted to
adopt such measures as they may deem best
calculated to lead to such a result; others
shrink from the taunt of subjugation and
submission, which they think must needs be
encountered; others halt upon the best, be
cause the constitutional mode; but remem
ber the best mode is that which is the speed
iest and most unreluctantly adopted. It de
pends upon us alone as'a people. If we
come up like men aud frankly accept the
olive branch now tendered to bs in a spirit
ot noble kindness, we will, in my opiuion
meet with no difficulty whatever. All that
is just will be conceded to us. Everything
which we ought to demand, if asked for in a
right spirit und in proper terms, will be ac
coided ; more, I am satisfied, no right-mind
ed patriot on either side will require.
Something we must do—we cauuot remain
as we are. Without a national organization
we cannot maintain ourselves as an indepen
dent State; without a State Government we
cannot exist as an isolated country. Nothing is
then left us but to retrace our steps, aud seek
to regain the plage we once held, aud restore
to our country the prosperity it once enjoyed
The pleasant reminisce nees of past en
gagements iu business, the noble respect en
tertained by gallant men for a brave but un
successful toe, the noblt»t inspirations of a
common religion, will forbid the northern
people to repel us with icy colduess or vin
dictive haughtiness. On the contrary I
doubt not, on our first advance we will’ be
received with open arms, aud conciliation !
will be the order of the day.
Doubtless there are some, and even among
ourselves, who cannot rise to the lofty idea
of silencing their enmity when the strife is
ended and the sword is sheathed, but they
are too lew in numbers and too feeble in ca
pacity to merit more than a pa 9ng notice,
satisfied in the sincerity of our intentions and
frankness of our purposes to regard them, if
at all, with iudifference.: But this is no time
to gather, as to a place of recreation, to listen
to «peeches for amusement. Let us net.
And closed with the following resolutions:
Resolved, That a committee of thirteen be
appointed for the purpose of drawing up and
offering suitable resolutions for the consider
ation of this meeting.
Whereupon H's Honor the Mayor appoin
ted the following Committee:
W. S. Rockwell, R. T. Gibson,
£toddardt Isaac Cohen,
1 xv• B Knapp, h. Brigham,
E. Padelford, J. G. Mills,
| A.'Porter. LB. Bennett,
N. A. Hardee, 11. Roberts,
George W. Wyley.
After a few minutes’ adsence, the Commit
tee returned and presented, through the
Chairman, Col. W. 8. Rockwell, the follow
ing resolutions, which were unanimously
adopted by the meeting:
Whereas, The interest and prosperity of
the people of Georgia demand a speedy re
turn of the State to its former Union with the
Federal Govern tnent,
1. Resolved, Tuat the people of Chatham
county are willing and auxious to have the
State restored to its former Union under the
Federal Government as speedily as possible,
and pledge themselves to unite in every
proper measure for effectiug so desirable an
2. Resolved, That this meeting cheerfully
concur iu the wisdom and necessity of the
call of the Governor convening a meeting of
the General Assembly of the State on the
22d day of May inst., and the people of this
county would, with due deference, urge upon
the General Assembly the necessity ot an
immediate call of a Convention of the whole
people of Georgia, to repeal the Ordinance of
Secession and to restore the State to its for
mer position in the Union.
3. Resolved, Tout our Senator and Repre
sentatives in the General Assembly of the
State of Georgia be, and are hereby instruct
ed to use eveiy means in their power to carry
out the intentions of the foregoing resolu
4. Resolved, That when this meeting adjourn
it adjourns subject to the call of the Chairman
to be reassembled.
5. Resolved, That a of the proceed
ings ot this meeting be transmitted to the
Governor of the State and be published in
the Gazettes of this City.
There being no further business, ou motion
of Colonel N. B. Knapp, the meeting was
adjourned, subject to the call of the chair
R. D. ARNOLD, Mayor.
John Gammell," }
John J. Kelly, >
John R. Wilder. )
Interesting Account oi Hebei Af
fairs at Danville after the
Evacuation of Richmond.
THE NEWS OF THE SURREN
DER OF LEE.
Jeff. Davis Again Takes Flight, and
His Train is Fired Upon by
SCENES AFTER THE REBELS LEFT DANVILLE.
Eto., Etc., Etc.
iFrom the New York Herald, May 2nd.]
DANVILLE, THE LAST CAPITAL OF THE REBEL-
Danville, on the Dan river, one hundred
and forty miles from Richmond by rail, was,
before the war, a flourishing little place of
about three thousand inhabitants, beautifully
situated on a hill overlooking the river, which
rolled gracefully between the hills beyond,
until it was lost to the vision, turning ab
ruptly from its course, by a small valley of
great lovelineaf. Its chief commercial na
ture consisted in the tobacco trade. The
counties adjacent to Pittsylvania (in which
Danville is situated)—Henry, Patrick and
Frankiiu—are all in the richest part of Vir
ginia, and the yield of the soothing weed is
enormous. Like all Southern towns, Dan
ville has suffered greatly from the war by
the utter stagnation of business and the pre
mature decay so common to the Southern
Jeff. daVis’ arrival.
Danville, on the morning of April S, pre
sented an unusually 1 vely aspect. The news
of the evacuation of Richmond had reached
the place. Crowds of men, women and
children, black aud white, gathered around
the*depot at the telegraph office to hear the
news. A thousand and one rumors were
rife. Soon the overloaded trains began to
arrive, and the confirmation of the sad news,
with many additional particulars, was eager
ly listened to by the impatient crowd of by
standers. Soon the train containing Mr.
Davis was announced. As the people crowd
ed urouud the car whiclj contained him not a
word was spoken, not even a faint cheer was
given, but gloom—deep gloom of the black
est description—settled like a heavy pall up
on the features of every one present. But,
alas, for the blind devotees of the cause of
the rebellion, the worst had not yet come.
Mr. Davis was immediately invited to the
palatial residence of Major W. B. Sutherlin.
Mr. Trenholm and several other dignitaries
accompanied him. Here he remained until
he was obliged to leave the place a few- days
after. Mr. Benjamin, the fat little Secretary
of State, with the air of a French dancing
master, had a smile— l should have said a
grin—for every one. *
By the vast influx of strangers Danville
wasthionged; every place was filled to its
utmost, and the department clerks who ac
companied the effects of the different offices
remained in the cars, converting them into
offices, warehouses, kitchens and bedcham
bers. The Greensboro extension railroad
was used to its utmost capacity in transport
ing people who were en route South—some to
their homes, others to visit their friends,
under whose roofs they might tarry until
they could shift elsewhere tor themselves.—
The greatest state of uncertainty prevailed,
and the people, were beginning to feel really
alarmed in not hearing from General Lee’s
army. Six days of this terrible sus
pense. Brigadier General 1L H. Walker,
who commanded the line of defeuce on the
Richmond and Danville railroad, was in com
mand of the place. He was iu daily com
munication with Mr. Davis, still no accurate
information could be heard from Gen. Lee.
It was confidently expected that he would
make his way to the Danville railroad, and
make the Staunton river the line of his de
fence- Sufffcdent time had elapsed for his
plans, if such they were, and such was the
general s impression, to be developed, and
not one word was heard from him.
XIIK NEWS OF EKE’S SUIiHENOER.
General Walker sent out scouts, to be car
ried down the Staunton river, then to make
the best way they could to General Lee’s
army. They went within sight of the ar
mbs, and returned with the information of
the surrender, which at first was generally
disbelieved. It was kept secret; but bv the
time Geueral Walker had ridden to* Mr
Davis’ house the news began to spread, and
two hours afterwards every cue knew it.
Nearly ali night was spent bv many in the
discussion of the situation. Moraine dawned
and, like the people's heart, was dull and
THE GENERAL EXODUS.
Then began the exodus. Stoneman’s raid
ers were reported between Greensboro and
Danville, causing painful apprehension to
those who contemplated flight southward.
It was over one week from the evacuation of
Richmond before the news of the surrender
of Lee was known in Danville. By this time
the wagon trains and those who had left
Richmond on foot began to arrive, and the
place was more thronged than ever. As all
the cars were packed when they arrived in
Danville, and the wagons also, many valua
ble stores of great variety were destroyed.
Mr. Davis and Cabinet left on a train, and
were fired into by Stoneman’s men just before
they burned the tressle work over Reedy Fork
SCENES UPON THE REBEL EVACUATION OF DAN
The evacuation of Dauville began on Tues
day morning, and by Wednesday morning
every one who could get away had gone.—
Then began one of those scenes so common
in the South in places evacuated. The poor
of the place began to plunder indiscriminate
ly commissary stores, quartermaster stores,
medical stores—those that had accumulated
by the blockade—of such quality that tbe
poor of Danville hau not seen, save in their
dreams, during the war and in ante bdlum
time. Not only did plunder fall exclusively
into the hands of the poor of the city, but
they came from the country by droves. In
the midst of the excitement a magazine ex
ploded, and the cxplosiou of the shells added
greatly to the excitement.
The Cost of War.—We find in Leslie’s
Illustrated News, in the midst of its Illustra
tions of battles and of the devastated coun
try through whiclx war has made its path
way, and alongside of its usual aud bitter
remarks upon the same, the following on the
“cost of war:”
It is stated that the armies of Europe have
a total ot 4,694:000 men, costing annually
$425,000,000. Russia has the largest army,
numbering 1,200,000 men. That of France
numbers over 700,000 men. This is on a
peace basis If war prevailed the number of
soldiers would, doubtless, be largely in
creased. All this vast outlay is devoted to
the wasting of human life and properly. It
is used to destroy, not to build up. Who
can estimate the good this amount of labor
could accomplish for the prosperity and hap
piness of the human racc«at it was employed
in the arts of peace ? It is almost inealeu
In the Knitted States, for the past three
years, more than a million of men have been
engaged in the work of destruction, consum
ing and destroying what has required years
of industry to accumulate. If the same
energy and expenditure had been used iu
developing the resources of the country, in
creasing the facilities of intercommunication,
and adding to all the various means of moral,
intellectual and physical has
been in the civil war which has been con
suming our accumulated wealth, It would
have made us not only tbe strongest nation
upon the face of the earth, but added vastly
to the individual well-beiug of the people.—
The experience of thousands ot years has,
however, failed to teach mankind the cost of
war, nor has the boasted increase in civiliza
tion and Christianity diminished in the least
the resort to brute force in the settlement of
either national or individual difficulties. In
that respect mankind seems to have made'
no advance upon the darkest ages iu the
A fair for the benefit of tbe orphans of
freedmefi, is to be held in Pierre Soule's
house, In New Orleans. In Slay.
MAY 8, 1866.
Arrived—steamers Jerf Davis, Henry, Sand Bar Fer
ry, Richmond county, Qa; Oneota, Hallett, Hilton
Cleared— steamers General Sheridan, Palmer, Hilton
Head: Golden Gate. Fitzgerald, do; Nemaha, Mo-
Gowan. do; U S Grant, Briggs, do; Nellie Baker, Nor
rie, do: steamships Constitution, Greenman, do; Cas
sandra, Holloway, do; Thetis, Walden, do; Star of
the South, Woodhull, do; tug Starlight, Anderson, do.
Fell in battle, near High Bridgo. Amelia county, Va.,
on the evening of April Oth, 1865, Sergeant W. C. BEN.
NETT, of the 18th Georgia Battalion, in the 24tb year
of his age.
Jusfthree days before the surrender of Gen. Lee’s
army, while the Angel of Peace was descending to fold
her wings once more over the land, and the glad tid
ings came to d ; spel the gloom and desolation from
our homes; when we looked forward to a happy meet
ing with our loved ones again; oh 1 why, in the midst
of so much happiness, amid the last din of battle, when
the sound of war had almost grown 1 silent, and sweet
thoughts of home lingered In many an anxious heart,
did the swift-winged messenger of Death rob us of one
so fondly loved. Smiling welcomes and cheerful faces
awaited the wauderer's return—but alashe Came not.
The idol of so many fond hearts—loved and esteemed
by all who knew hiic.— iow many »U 1 weep over the
sad tidings that our Willie is gone; for his name was a
cherished household word; and the mi-sing smile, the
voice forever silent, while the "vacant chair" reminds
us of the loved one who will come no more, has brought
gloom and sorrow to many a heart once gladdened by
Oh 1 Willie! Willie 1 how can we give thee up f The
bright smile gone forever from the Ups we have pressed
so fondly—the voice that once made made la our homes
now silent forever—the welcome footsteps never to hi
heard again! How can we say farewell 1 How twine
the arvpress o’er thy early grave, then turn with smiles
once more to scenes that were once to dear to you
Ah! ho—the bright hopes that are buried with thee
can never bloom to Hie and beauty again, for our fair
est buds of happiness have withered on thy tomb. But
oh 1 amid the smiles ol a careless world we will not
forget our cherished idol-WilUe, the loved and lost!
Yes, dear one, we will weep
In sorrow o’er thy grave ;
Would that my hand could plant sweet flowers
Above that spot to wave.
Ah 1 1 fe will seem so dark,
And cheerless esrth will be;
For oh l we loved thee, darling one,
Ani ice must weep for the* t
Farewell! oh, bitter word—
Farewell to meet no more,
•Till angels call my spirit, too,
To m«!t thee oa that shore I
• * Corny Caws.
M mature almanac— this Week
8 ' M... ! i 8n “ , Sn ?
10 W ... 6 6 ! fi i r £
12 iFr ..! 6 3 ] <1 49 l BjS 1 ««
13 Sa.. I 6 2 j 660 ; 9 K 1 g
14 8 ...I 6 2 1 660 L io M 9 J
w ~ linc ow," — —«*
DRUGGIST AUD A POTH EC ART
comets of Bull jlov Conq-bbs* 2£stb*
FRESH DRUGS AND MEDICINES,
FANCY AND TOILET ARTICLES,
ur «aiAt vakiiy,
RECENTLY SELECTED IN NEW YORE.
EXPRESSLY FOB TKS MARKET.
TRE LARGEST STOCK OF FRESH DRUGS
BVBB OFFERED U* 018 OUT.
w. W. LINCOLN
DRUGGIST AND APOTHEOARY,
wanes OF ROLL and OOKORBM (EMEXS,
OF THE NORTHERN AND WESTERN BANKS,
Maine, Massachusetts, &c,
L. C. NORVBU A 00.,
Corner of Dali street, opposite the Poet Office.
JZ>LANTATION FOR SALE.
THE SEA ISLAND COTTON PLANTATION,
For, tale, situate on Hilton Head bland.
About five miles from Custom House street;
Contains 12 or 1400 acres—4 or 600 acres heavy wood
Live Oak and Pine, tbe balance valuable Cotton
Land, or suitable for Early Gardening purpo
ses. Has high banks and deep water on
Broad Creek, suitable for wharves.
Price, $16,000.. Address'
J. E. WHITE,
mayß-tl' Box 80 Hilton Head, a a
HEADQ’RS. DEPT. OF THE SOUTH.
HAto* Head, 9. C„ May 0,1864.
No. 47. f
The following dispatch from the Provost Marshal is
published for the information of this command;
, PSOVOST MaBSHAI GfNESAL'S Bcbkau.
Washington, D c., 1-S" P M„ April itfth, 1965.
The Secretary of War ha\. aj. dieted that the re.
cruitlng of men in the loyal States for the volunteer
forces be stopped, now directs'that the recruitment for
the volunteer forces, of all persona, Including colored
men. In all States, be embraced in the order and their
enlistment be discontinued.
JAMES B FRY,
_ . „ Provoet Marshal General.
To Major-General GILLMtiKE,
Department of the South, Hilton Bead. S C.
By command of Major-General Q. A. GILLMORE.
T. D. Homes,
Captain H6in U. S. C. TANARUS., Act. Asst Adit Gen.
HEADQ’RS. DEPT. OF THE SOUTH.
Hilton Head, 9. C., May b, X 865,
No. 68. /
To enable all men absent from their commands to be
properly mustered out of service at the expiration of
tbeir terra, the following regulations will be strictly
Ist. Whenever enlisted men are separated from their
Companies on furlough, detached service, or in hospi
tals, they will be furnished by their Commanding Offl
cere with descrivtlve lists, on which will be shown all
the dMta affecting their pay, clothing accounts, Ac.
2a. Commander* of regiments, battalions, or detaefc
ments, in this Department, will immediately cause de
scriptive lists of ail enlisted men now absent from the
Department, as prisoners of war, on detached services
or iu hospitiiD, to be forwarded direct to theChiefMus
tering Officer of their respective St.ites, aud in case one
was furnished the soldier at the time be left his com
mand, the copy heroin directed to be Airniebed such
Chief Mustering Officer will be marked across the (ace,
By rr, CO^ 1 S* Q ' l 01 Major-Geneial Q. A, GILLMORS.
T. D. Honors,
Cept. Mot u. b. u. y., Act. Asst. Adjt, GeaanL