Savannah daily herald. (Savannah, Ga.) 1865-1866, May 11, 1865, Image 1
SAVANNAH DAILY HERALD. VOL. I—NO. 99. The Savannah Daily Herald (MORNING AND EVENING) 18 PGULISHED BY O. W. MASON & CO.. At 111 Bat Street, Savannah, Geobgia. terms: Per Copy . .Five Cents. Per Hundred $3 50. Per Year $lO 00. ' ADVERTISING: Two Dollars per Square of Ten Lines for first in sertion : One Dollar for each subsequent one. Ad vertisements inserted in the Aorning, will, if desired, appear in the evening without extra charge. JOB PRINTING, In every style, neatly and promptly done. QUARANTINE. As the season approaches in which quaran tine regulations are established iu Southern ports, the important question arises: Will these restrictions on trade, and to what ex tent, be renewed ? The question is invested with additional interest since intelligence has been received that a devastating epidemic has broken out in Russia, and has extended to several parts of the continent of Europe. The precise character of this disease is un known. That it is an epidemic would appear from its. diffusion beyond the place or places of its first appearance. Some of our phys icians have contended that it is only the re appearance of the disease called cerebrospinal meningitis, a disease which first appeared in New York and New England during the war of 1813-14, carrying off many of the Amer ican soldiers, and in Virginia in the most fearful form in 1822. It appeared in Michi gan during the winter of 1848-49, and was known as the spo‘ted fever, or spotted death. It commenced at Kaiamazo, but ravaged ter ribly in Lansing, Grand Rapids, Cold Water and other portions of the State. From the remoteness from each other of the places at which it appeal el, the presumption is that it is contagious, and, from the brief description above, it would seem to partake of some of the ap pearances put on by the plague. Be this as it may, our purpose is to present such views of Quarantine as the advanced stage of Medical science and experience suggests, as a guide to those who may have the subject of Quarantine in charge as our supposed external protection against t)ie in- troduction into our city of this or any other epidemic. We offer no suggestions of our owd, but we think it will conduce to'the for mation of enlighted opinion among us, if the conclusions reached on this complex subject by scientific men are presented. With this view we shall make free use of tl e Report of the Third National Quar antine and Sanitary Convention as sembled in the. City of New York, in September, 1859, comprising some ot the most eminent physicians in the United States. The reports and debates embrace a very valuable body of information in relation to hygiene generally, and although there was much contrariety of opinion as to the origin of .yellow lever, there was much unanimity on several leading and importani points, as relates to practical measures. The subject naturally divides itself into two branches. 1. The origin and progress or history of the Epidemic; and 2. The character of the measures the most effectual to prevent its generation and diffu sion. The source of yellow fever is more obscure than that of almost any of the epidemics which have ravaged the world. It is most probable that it was originally an endemic in Africa, as the plague was in Egypt, and that it diffused itself gradually throughout the West Indies and in the Southern States, having a similar climatie character,embracing all those portions denominated the yellow fever zone or within the isothermal lines. Among the first questions that arose in the convention was in regard to the contagious ness of the disease. Several of the most experienced practition ers, during the debates, pronounced an opin iouin the negative. The venerable Dr. Francis expressed his conviction of the utility of quarantine in the most unequivocal terms. The majority of the Convention decided in a qualified manner, the question that the disease of yellow fever not being personally communicable, a dis tinction should be made between persons and things —between passengers in a vessel from an infected port, and the vessel itself and the cargo she may have on board, or the pas sengers effects, which may contain the germs of morbifie poison. In this forni a resolution was passed ayes 85, noes 4, thus giving most unequivocal expression to the opinion by the highest medical authority in the United States, that it is inexpedient, as well as vex atious to subject persons arriving fiorn an infected port to the delays and dangers of detention at a quar antine ground, although the goods she brings or the vessel may be infected. This distinction is all important, and it inevitably SAVANNAH, GA., THURSDAY, MAY 11, 1865. suggests a modification of quarantine regula tions iin which the discrimination is not made. It is rather surprising that in the reports relating to Quarantine, no discrimination should have beeu made between epidemics. Asiatic cholera, small pox and typhus are em braced in the 9aine category, and no distinc tion made as to the seasons it would be pro per to institute quarantine. Yellow fever is a disease sui generis. It is one of the epi demics of warm latitudes, whereas Asiatic cholera and typhus are the epidemics of cold latidues. Now, assuredly a discrimina tion ought to have been fiiade between these diseases; the latter producing the necessity of quarantine iu mid-winter, the season of active business. With these qualifications the conven tion pronounced in favor of quarantine laws, without, however, several strong expressions of dissent from individual members, iu oppo sition to quarantine in toto as useless, ineffi cient and a grievous incumbrance on com merce. The other branch of the inquiry, to wit: the character of those preventive measures, under the general name of hygiene, that pre clude the generation and diffusion of infec tious diseases, embraces a great variety of matters in detail underthe name of Hygiene. Here there was scarcely any room for con trariety of opinion, as will be seen in our next. * „ * Mysterious Suicide. AN AMERICAN LADY SAID TO HAVE POISONED HERSELF IN ENGLAND. (From the Exeter (Eng.) Gazette, April 20.) .On Monday evening a woman having the appearance of a lady went to the York Ho tel, Dawlish.aud engaged a bed for the night. She stated she was an Americau from New York, and that she was traveling for her health. She had come that day From Pad dington, and her object in visiting Dawlish wa3 for the sea bathing. Her luggage was, she said, left at the railway station. She pro fessed to be much fatigued and retired at once to her bedroom, to which she desired a glass of brandy and water and a biscuit might be sent. This was done, and nothing was heard of the visitor until midday on Tuesday, when the inmates of the ho tel, becoming alarmed at the failure of their efforts to obtain an answer to tlieir repeated inquiries, and being unable to opeu the bedroom door obtained a ladder and a man entered the room by the window. The woman was discovered dead iu bed. By the bedside was the glass that had contained the brandy and water, and beside it wa9 several empty paper packets marked “vermin pois on.” On examining the deceased's clothes the only money that could be found was 2 l-2d. She had, however, two watches in her possession, one gold and the other silver. She wore three rings on her fingers, one of which was a weeding ring. No clue could be obtained to iler identity, the marks on her pocket handkerchief having been cut out. On iuquiry at the station it was found there was uo luggage there, nor did any of the officials remember having seen the de ceased. Republican Simplicity. Sir Frederick Bruce’s interview with President Johnson to-day was as informal aud as undiplomatic as President Lincoln himself could have made it. This new minister made his appearance with all his stars and decorations on, pre sented his credentials and formally read his speech. Mr. Johnson replied, sayiug that he was glad toffee him and to welcome to the capital a representative of Great Britain, and then added : “ But, sir, I am not much used to.the diplomatic formalities customary ou such occasions. My idea is simply that two great nations ought toconduct their relations very much as two neighbors who sincerely desire peace and good fellowship between themselves would do. aud that the less mere formalities about it the better.” _ “ I assure you, Mr. President,” interrupted Sir Frederick, pointing to his uniform and decorations, “that I should feel very much more at ease without these things than with them.” The remark was so thoroughly English, and at the same time so consonant to Ameri can prejudices against fuss and feathers, that the President and Minister became friends at once, and sat down for a chat. Sir Freder ick asked about Sherman. President John son explained the position. “What chance is there for Mr. Davis,then ?’’ asked Sir Fred erick. “Oh! a small particle still; doubt less his escape across the country,” said the President.. “Well, ” rep ied the Minister in an inquiring tone, “I should think that Mr. Davis and a few members of his Cabinet would probably find it well to start pretty soon ?” “If they know what is for their own interest,” responded the President rather grimly, “they had better lose no time about it.” “The time has come,” he added, “when they must be taught that they are criminals The country has clearly made up its mind on that point, and it can find no more earnest agent of its will than myself.” There was then a renewal of the mutual promise to talk of any difficulties that might arise between Great Britain and the United States like two neighbors sincerely desirous of good terms with each other, and so the interview ended. bpec'al to Cin. Gaz. ~ IIE AST , OF the Rebel Home-made Accepting the report as true that the rebel ram, the Webb, in the desperate at tempt to run her down the gauntlet of the Mississippi, had her machinery so deranged that she was abandoned and blown up vte may set her down as the last craft of the rebel home-made navy gone to Davy Jones’ lock er. One hundred millions of dollars would probably fall short of the expenditures ot the rebels in their defensive gunboats, ironclads, rams, floating batteries and transports, and where are they now? Captured, burned, blown up or sunk; for a thousand miles along the Mississippi, a thousand miles along its quiet tributaries, and two thousand miles along the Atlantic coast—the fugitive Webb, like the Flying Dutchman, bringing up the rear of the long and ghastly procession.-i --xV. Y. Herald. [From the N. Y. Evening Post ] OTR ROTS ARE COMING HOME. Thank God the sky is clearing! The clouds are hurrying past; Thank God, the day is nearing! The dawn is coming fast. And when glad herald voices Shall tell ns peace has come, This thought shall most rejoice us: ••Our boys are coming home 1" Soon shall the voice of singing Drown war’s tremendous din ; Soon shall the joy bells’ ringing Bring peace and freedom in, The jubilee bonfires burning. Shall soon light up the dome. And soon, to soothe our yearning, Our boys are coming home. The vacant fireside places Have waited for them long: The love-light lacks their faces, The chorus waits their song; A shadowy fear has haunted The long deserted room ; But now our prayers are granted, Our boys are coming home ! O, mother, calmly waiting For that beloved son.! O, sister, proudly dating The victories he has won ! O, maiden, softly humming The love song while you roam— • Joy, joy, the boys are coming— 6ur boys are coming home i And yet—oh, keenest sorrow ! They’re coming but not all; Full many a dark to morrow Shall wear its sable pall For thousands who are sleeping Beneath the empurpled loam; Woe! woe! for those wU’re weeping, Who never will come home ! O, sad heart, hush thy grieving; Wait but a little while ! With hoping and believiae Thy woe and fear beguile, Wait for the joyous meeting Beyond the starry dome, For there our boys are waiting To bid us welcome home. TRODDEN FLOWERS. BY ALFRED TENNYSON. “ There are some hearts that’ like the roving vine, Cling to unkindly rocks and ruined rocks; Spirits that suffer and do not repine— Patient and sweet, as lowly’ trodden flowers; That from 1 he passer’s heel arise. And bring back odorous breath instead of sighs. But there are other hearts that will not feel The lonely love that haunts their eyes and ears; That wouudfond faith with auger worse than steel! And out of pity's spring draw idle tears. O, Nature! shall it ever be thy will 111 things with good to mingle, good with ill! Why should the heavy foot of sorrow press The willing heart of uncomplaining love— Meet ebarity that shrinks not from distress. Gentleness, loth her tyrants to reprove t Though virtue weep so ever and lament. Will one hard heart turn to her and re’ent ? Why should the reed be broken that will bend, And they that dry the tears in others' eyes Feel their own anguish swelling without end, Their summer darkened with the smoke of sighs? Sure, Love to some lair Eden of his own Will flee at last, and leave us here alone. Love weepeth always—weepeth for the past. For woes that are. for woes that may betide ; Why should not hard ambition weep at last, Envy and hatred, avarice and pride ? Fate whispers, sorrow is our lot, They would be rebels; love rebelleth not. Mysticism. —Tlie illusion with which the magician Hellen has for the last four months mystified New York under the title of “Gyges,” is thus spoken of by a cotem porary : Eidos Aeides.;— All daily as well as literary papers have lately noticed an extraordinary optical delusion invented by Mr. J. Maurice, the effect of which is to render the real actor on the stage and in sight of the audience in visible, without his moving from the. spot, and to give him all the appearance of trans parency ; also to change instantaneously into another. Mr. Maurice is a member of the Jewish community. It is, therefore, with particular satisfaction that we call attention to Ejidos Aeides (this is the name by which the invention is known), and from the vari ous most flattering notices of the press there of, copy that of the Times of December 27. Ttiis journal, in a most favorable criticism of the pantomime brought out at Her Majesty's Theatre, observes: “But the illusion which fixes attention most of any in the whole piece, and which last night led to an unani mous call for M. Harrison and Mr. J. Mau rice, the inveutor, is the Eidos Aeides, by the agency of which, actor and actresses, without moving from the stage, are rendered visible and invisible almost iu the same mo ment. • . They are not, as in the case of other ocu lar deceptions, placed below the stage, level, because with the aid of a very powerful glass, the outline of the figures can be distinguish ed in the same spot after the object has fad ed from the unassisted vision. Watched by the eye alone the effect is of the most start ling character. Upon the self-same spot where one character has been plainly visible but the twinkling of an eye previously,anoth er in a totally different attitude is revealed. This in turn disappears, and the original figure return* with the addition of one or two others. Then these all die out together, perhaps to reappear in different order. As an illusion, it is certainly the most clever and successful of the day”—L. J. C. [This is the original of the “Gyges,” now familiar to New Yorkers.] His Scriptural Quotation'. — Our country and our religion should go together, and in the following, although a little mixed, there is no reason to regret that a noble sentiment has received in one juvenile mind a sacred endorsement. A few days since in Brooklyn a gentleman was urging his son to repeat a verse in the Bible before he gave him a so licited five-cent bill. The boy hesitated and could not bring up his biblical reserve, when a lad standing by, who expected to be an active partner in a candy and peanut stock to be purchased with the little V, spoke bravely up, “I can say a verse, sir.* “Well, do so,” said the accommodating father. “If any one attempts to haul down the American flag, shoot him on the spot,” answered the, swelling heart of the brave boy. The gen tleman smiled, as he thought of the fun he would have in relating the story of the Gos pel according to General Dix, and came promptly down with his “currency.” Far better for our land if many men as well as boys kept patriotism and religion so close to gether that they could not easily distinguish one from the other. Then all would be good, and rebellion unheard of among us. (From the Florida Union, May 6.) The Released Anderson vllle Prisoners In Jacksonville. Thirty-two Hundred Uuion Prisoners Brought Down to Florida—Fifteen Hundred Brought to the Rebel Oat-post and Turned Loose — Their Afipcarance and Condition — etc. On Friday afternoon of last week, shortly before sunset, commenced to arrive in squads of twenty to fifty, the first installment of 3,200 Union prisoners, the surviving inmates ot the rebel prison pen at Andersonville, Ga. Thirty-two hundred had been removed from Andersonville and brought into Florida via Albany and ThoinasviUe, for the purpose of exchange. An arrangement had been agreed upon between the Provost Marshal General Thompson and the rebel authorities for an exchange at Darien, Ga. Preparations had accordingly been made to receive our prison ers at that point, and none had been made here. The rebels alleging that their supplies were not sufficient to feed so large a number of persons adopted the plan of turning them loose to find their way into the Union lines the best way they could. Accordingly, about fifteen hundred were brought in two trains from Lake City to Baldwin, accompanied a few miles from Baldwin, then left by the rebel guard. FIRST DEPARTURE FROM ANDFRSONVILLE. On the 4th of April the prisoners were first taken from Andersonville and brought down to Atbany, the terminus of the Southwestern Railroad. Fiom there they were inarched across the country, sixty miles, to Thomas ville, the western terminus of the Savannah and Gulf Railroad. After being detained for two days at this point, it was given out that it was impossible to transport them to Da rieo, as the railroad had been destroyed tor thirty miles. Accordingly, they were com pelled to march back the sixty miles to A1 bany, and then were returned to the stock ade at Andersonville. On the return many, whose condition was such as to render them utterly unfit to undertake such a march, and who had been buoyed up by the hop3 of soou being among friends, as soon a9 they set out to return, dropped on the way. Others pre feired to die in the woods rather than return to the prison pen. How many thus perish ed it is impossible to learn, or even to con jecture with any degree of accuracy. THE SECOND DEPARTURE. On the llth of April the prisoners w’ere suddenly removed from the stockade to Ma con. The capture of Columbus, and the movements of the Federals in that direction created a big scale among the rebel garrison. They momentarily expected the arrival of a Yankee advance guard. The prisoners were hurried oft' with the utmost haste to Macon to be confined, as they supposed, in a stock ade near that city, which they bad been told had prepared for them. They did not remain long in Macon. That city was too liable to change hands. They were sent off with all possible despatch to Alban}’ - again, and again made the march to Thomasvilte. They were speedily placed on board the cars and brought down to Lake City, where they arrived about the fii st of last week. AT LAKE CITY. They were detained till Friday morning.— Very little restraint was placed upon them. They lay principally in a swamp near the town. It was at first the intention of the rebel authorities to detain them here, until the arrangements for an exchange at Jack sonville had been made wi'h the United States authorities. Finding that their com missary stores were likely to become reduced too fast, and the movements of the Union forces making it somewhat uncertain, when and how they were to replenish their supply when it became exhaused, the rebels con cluded not to even waste time iu going through the necessary forms of parolling them. They were unconditionally released, and accompanied by a rebel guard to the White House, who then lett them to proceed to Jacksonville. They needed no second bidding. ARRIVAL AT JACKSONVILLE. The foremost of the number reached the Union picket line about four P. M. Soon af ter they began to arrive in the town. They came in groups of twenty and upwards. They entered at the gate at the head of street. Most of them took a straight course for the river, as if by instinct. They kept arriving till after dark, even then there were many still out in the woods to come in the next day. About fifteen hundred were in this lot of arrivals. Their appearance us they passed along was pitiable in the extreme. Their clothing was in tatters; their faces were begrimmed with dirt and black smoke from pine wood; they nearly, were all with out shoes; many were without hats. Large numbers were affected with scurvy. Yet their countenances wore a cheerful appear ance. One intelligent looking youth as he observed some bystanders looking intently at him and his comrades in the group, ex claimed, “We are dirty and ragged, but we are loyal yet.” "PROVISION MADE FOR TREM. Owing to their unexpected arrival at this post no special provision had been made for them. Everything available was brought iut<> requisition from the Quartermaster’s de partment. The whole force of the Commis sary department was put into operation to supply their wants. Many voluntary contri butions were made by the soldiers, merchants, and others in the place. The first essential was a thorough application of soap and water. A camp was established norlh of the town. Here every arrangement was made to make them as comfortable as possible. Nearly all of them threw away their last rebel ration— a pint of meal made by grinding the corn and cob together—on the ground as fit only for chicken feed; a few days before ‘lt was worth its weight in greenbacks” as one re marked. A few days, during which a supply of clothing has arrived and. been issued to them and they bave been fed on wholesome food, has made a wonderful change in their personal appearance. They would hardly be recognized now as the ragged and besoiled looking persons who entered the town last Friday week. PRICE. 5 CENTS TIIEIR CONFINEMENT AT ANDERSONVILLE. The treatment of the prisoners during con finement at Andersonville, the shortened al - lowance of food, its miserable quality, the establishment of the “dead line,” are familiar to all. Under such treatment it is not at all surprising that the mortality should run up to the following frightful figures. STATEMENT OF DEATHS FOR ELEVEN MONTHS ENDING JANUARY 31, 1865. In Prison Hospital 8,41 6 In Stockade 4, 150 In Small Pox Hospital 74 Total 12,640 The above statement is made from the re cords kept iu the office of the Medical De partment of the prison, and furnished by a member of a New York Zouave Regiment, who was employed as clerk there. THEIR PRESENT CONDITION. The camp of the prisoners is now removed to a pleasant location on the banks of the river at what is known as “ the other side of the creek.” Brevet Brigadier General B. C. Tilgbman is in command. Dr. D. T. Bundy is the surgeon in charge. The camp has been put in complete order. The men are in “A” tents, shaded, in front with neat “bowers.” The Clyde arrived on Sunday with the clothing and stores. Thursday every inan was supplied with clothing, and full provis ion made for supplying them regularly with rations. This has been brought about by the indefatigable exertions of Major Thomp son, assisted by Capt. Johnson. The ser vices of Mr. A. B. Day, formerly of the U. S. Sanitary Commission, were very useful, dis tributing little articles of luxury donated by the merchants of the place. THE NUMBER NOW H£RK. By Saturday noon, about all of the first fifteen buudred bad arrived. The remain der were brought in on Sunday and Monday The number receipted for by Major Thomp son, Provost Marshal General on Thurdav night, is as follows : 3 Officers— l Major; 4 Captains; 5 Ist Lieutenants; 4 2d Lieutenants. Total 14. Non-Commissioned Officers— Sergeants 243: Corporals 339. Total 582. Privates— 2,722. Making a total of 3,328. list of officers. The following is a list of the officers, with their rank, regiment, and number of mouths confined. Major N. Cutler, 2d Maine Cavalry 9 months. Captain A. Wliedon, 82d Indiana 2 1-2 months. Captain J. H. Hafford, !oth Ohio Cavalry, 5 months. . Captain W. C. Buck, 39th Ohio, 6 1-2- months. Ist Lieut. E. Rittenower, 6th Missouri, six months. ■" Ist Lieut. A. G. Hunter, Adjt. 82d Ind. 2 1-2 months. Ist Lieut. N. Aspen, 22d New Jersey, 9 months. - Ist Lieut. T. S. Berry, 114th Illinois, 11 months. Ist Lieut. W. G Wilsen, 99th U. S., nine months. 2d Lieut. T. B. O’Hara, 56th Illinois, three months. 2d Lieut. Hi E. Crawford, 39th lowa, 7 mouths. .. 2d Lieut. D. Murphey, Ist Kentucdy, Cav. 9 months. 2d Lieut. TANARUS, Oliver, 9th Penn. Cav., 2 1-2 months. Captain Wilson French, 17th Connecticut vote., who was captured last February, ar rived on Thursday evening. He has been confined in the jail at Lake City. The re mainder of the officers were paroled and sent North by way of Vicksburg. deaths in hospitals. Corporal John Hampton, Cos. D. 3d Illinois cavalry. W. Clayton, Cos. H, lC9th New York. Augustus P. Miller, Cos. B, 100 New York. Levi Coon, Cos. B, ’sth Michigan cav alrw« \V m. J. Benty, Cos. D, 10th Indiana cav alry. .Jasper Cheesman, Cos. B, 15th Illinois. James M. French, Cos. I, 111th Illinois,died near the WBlte Hou«e station on the 28th of April. There are now in the hospitals established here about' two hundred and fifty pa tients, mostly afflicted with scurvy and dia lhcea. W'HAT IB TO BE DONE WITH THEM. Though the rebels have not gone through any form of paroling them, and could estab lish no valid claim to their being considered as such, they are to be placed on the same footing as paroled prisoners and will be sent to the parole camp at Annapolis, Ma ryland. Alexander Dumas. —An amusing letter from Alexander Dumas to M. Paul Meurice, on the subject of the drama Les Deux Dianes, • now about to be revived at the AmbiguCom ique, does great credit to the candor of the former, and at the same time shows that pos terity will run the risk of putting the saddle on the wrong horse when it shall admire the pioductions of his most prolific pen. M. Dumas admits that at a time when his purse was too ill filled to allow him to lend money to his friend, M. Paul Meurice, he lent him bis name; that the successful Deux Dianes which appeared under the name of A. Du mas, was, was written, every line of it, by Paul Meurice, and that Dumas did not so much as liead jhe manuscript, which the lat ter sent him. *M. Dumas now, iu the interest of his friend, as well as for the sake of his own conscience, wishes publicly to make a clean breast in the matter. He regrets that, owing to forgetfulness on his part, during a five _ years’ absence from France, M. Leva published the Two Dianas as part of his works, and he compliments M. P. Meurice on his delicacy in having never complained of this piracy. He concludes with exquisite French sentimentalism by expressing the hope that M. P. Meurice may always recip rocate what the writer heartily says <sf him, Esprit poetique c t ceeeur loyalj« f aimt.