The Savannah Daily Herald.
MONDAY. MAY. a*. 1865.
FKO.II OIK EVENING EDITION
THB SKVBN-THIHTY I*o AN,
The exact history of the popular Loan
known to tbe world as the 7-30 is as follows:
It is called a “7-30" loan, for tbo reason that
the interest on a hundred dollars is seven
dollars and thirty cents a year.
Congress, in July, 1804, authorized the Se
cretary of the Treasury to borrow $400,000,-
000 in 9Uch.form as he deemed best. Os this
amouut $100,000,0.10 was issued as Ten-For--
ties | $70,000,000 as Five : Tweutie.s and the""
balance .-3330,000,000, as Seven-Thirties. 'Ou
the 3d nt..March last, Congress authorized a
further loan of $000,000,000570,000,000 of
this was taken and added to the $230,000,-
000 of Seven-Thirties issued under the act of
July, 18«4,. to round It up to $300,000,000
This made the first series of the Seven-Tbiriy
loan. This left $530,000,000 unissued of the
amouut authorized by the last act. The
issue of $300,000,000 of itas- Seven-Thirties,
was directed by the Secretary of the Trea
sury. Their sale commenced on the Ist ot
April last. This was the second series of
the Seven-Tbitty loan.
Its sale has averaged between $8,000,000
and $9 l lMK) J 000 a day. Only about $35,000,000
remains this 12th day of May. When it is all
sold, there will be left at the disposal of the
Secretary of the Treasury, under the act of
March 3, 1805, $230,000,000. It is presumed
that this amount will be issued in tbe shape
of a third aeries of the Suren-Thirty Lean,
payable in three years from the 15th of Oc
tober nex^and That it will have as rapid a
sale as the preceding series have iiadf The
government will thus be euablvd to pay all
its dues to soldiers, contractors and other
creditors, aud to liquidate .all the fiofting
claims against the Treasury. The publiq
sentiment In large cities is that there never
has heou such prompt discharge ol a.national
debt at the close of a great war—never in
the world such a spectacle qf a whole people
pressing forward to supply their government
with, the means to pay off the vast body of
war claims that succeed a war debt. All
feel that the Secretary of the Treasury U en
titled to the greatest praise for bis successful
management of the department and tbe busi
ness, like energy and tact,, displayed in all of
bis plans and purposes.
Success of thb Volks Gab***,—-This new
placeof entertainment, built by our enter
prising fellow citizens, Messrs. Weigaud and
Schwarz, has proved an entire success. Qn
Hs.openiag, Monday evening last, a large at
tendance of genii emeu and ladies were pre
sent. The Savaunah.City Orchestra perform
ed admirably, <u»<Lit Was putt tUc small
op Tttesday jnocuing before the guests
retired. .Yu*, refreshments served were ex
celleut, »i, em sonm_German delica-
York. The danclug-floor, winy, ls octa .
gon of fifty feet, was perfectly amoou., and
the dancers .expressed themselves highly
pleased with the work.of Mr. <?eo. \V. Hard
castle, the builder. Veutilatlon is perfect tn
the "Garden, and under Ibe jPavlUioa the
guests are protected from either heavy dews
or rain. Giavelled walks, and grounds with
plants, and shrubbery ad«rj» the enclosure.
There are ten arbors furnished with marble
top tables on the north side of the garden.
The gardeu will hereafter be open all day
and refreshments served from eight to eleven,
A musical entertainment will be given by the
Savannah Orchestra, uuder the leadership of
Professor Weigand, next Monday evening,
and for several evenings a variety of enter
tainment will be given by the Vocal Quar
tette. The proprietors, on Monday, will
the garden, and
their establishment wilJLbe conducted In the
•lylept the Atlantic and Palace Gardens
tfew York. .
Evefy.evening since the opening the Gar
den has been- visited by huu<fredß, add it is
Indeed as Dr. Arnold says, “a good thing
and a blessing.”
No Restiuctiox s~on Bringing is Wood.—
It will be seen that the O.der of Qen. Qro
. ver puMfsbed to-day, removes all restric
• tiona upon gutting wood and bringing it into
the city>- Parties will be held responsible,
however, for cutting wood in localities where
permission la not given, and for trespass
upon private property, damage to fences,
Telegraph to Augusta,— ?This morning,
the work of putting up the telegraph wires
from the telegraph office, in the Exchange,
to connect with she line at Waynesboro*,
which is complete from that point to Augus
ta, was commenced. A large force Is at
work, and In a lew days Savannah aud Au
gusta will be indirect communication. From
Augusta the iine is complete to Washington,
The students of Williams Coliege, in Mas
sachusetts. are about erecting a monument to
rirelr comrades who have fallen on the haul?
lields of the present war. It will lie
hi front of Grifflu Hail, and U Intended m be
worthy of the college j&pd of the fallen heroes
4 commemorates. y wjes
tl* Lynn Bulletin says shoe buyers are
numelpons, and orders are coming In faster
can be filled. The stock of goods
on hand is very 1-ght, and there fe a 6 pros
pect at present of an accumulation.
EXPENSE OF PTBIitSHIKCt A UVE
DAILY PAPER IN SAVANNAH.
A Few Words About Ourselves.
Tbe success of the Savannah Dailv Her
ald—in Its large circulation, its popularity,
the extent of its advertising patronage, and
the reliance which all our exchanges seem to
in its news—affords us great satisfac
tion- We commenced under very di°cour
aging auspices, with hardly au acquaintance
in Savannah, money scarce, the army about
leaving, advertisers rather discourged and
disposed to be very economical, communica
tion with the country entirely cut off, a thou
sand miles from our base of supplies.with no
direct communication and no certain com
munication direct or indirect. But we were
bound to succeed aud have labored on, meet
ing encouragement from almost all quarters.
We have placed our paper on it» own
merits, and done all that energy and perse
verance could do to make it successful, and
we are proud that wc have succeeded. W e
now have as large a circulation in Savannah
as we anticipated in our most sanguine mo
ments. Our circulation is also extending to
the interior, and Is almost unprecedentedly
large, considering the number of inhabitants,
at Hilton Head, Beaufort, and other points iu
the Department, with a large list of Northern
. But those who suppose we are reaping a
rich harvest from this success, are invited to
look at the following'statement of our aver
age weekly, expenses.;
Editorial R00m....;....., sllO 00
Composing Room , 250 00
Press Room,*. . 62 00
Counting Room , 45 00
Job Printing Office... 65 00
Mail and Delivery Room : 25 00
Carrier. 16 00
Correspondents 40 00
. Hilton Head Agent and Correspond
ent 25 00
Telegraph 60 00
Stationery 10 00
Printing Paper, Ink, &c 170 00
Rent.......... 15 00.
Fuel, say 25 00
Gas, say .. 20 00
Servants 15 00
Repairs and Incidental Expenses 50 00
Total .... .$993 00
We have omitted some trivial expenses,
which swell the whole amount we have been
actually paying out each week, in cash, to
qger one thousand dollars.
We believe otlr enterprise will be of a per
manent character, and that it deserves to be
and will continue to be successful. Our rates
of advertizing and subscription arc low3r
than rule iu any other line of business,
j. We shall continue to make the Herald a
live daily paper, and shall spare uo exertions
to give every item of important news at tbe
earliest moment, but we shall avoid ail sen
sational articles, as we have hitherto done,
being opposed to them from both principle
and polity. ’
A Meetinq ok the Mkxican Filibusters.—
TBe excitement regarding the Mexican colo
nization scheme Is beginning to abate consid
owing to the indefinite whereabouts
ot tne leader* of the movement, and the dif
imqlty in gaming any Information as to when
the emigrants" are to stavr, for the land of
promise. The* meeting of the
Ceru connected with the movement, aavortis
ed in the papers to be held at the Maison Do
ree, last evening, not take place, aud on
inquiry at that holel nothing could be'ascer
tained as to the time or place ot the promised
meeting The he tdqunrtors of Colonel Allen
corner ot Howard aud Uroftby streets was
visited yesterday by a* great number of
adventurous spirits, more anxious, o*e
would think from their outward appear
ance, to wield a musket than to follow
the plough or other agricultural Imple
ments., Discharged soldiers, hearing on
their persons the diamond, trefoil, or Maltese
cross, the emblems of the different army
corps to which they had belonged, ahd un
der whose banners they had served, haunted
the neighborhood and vicinity, and through
out the porter-houses, treating and be?n°-
treated by their friends, thereby causing in
tense gratification to the smiling barkeeper
who eagerly'dispensed the malt or other
beverage to the frequenters of the house.—
The majority of the Would-be emigrants
which it would be easy to create a host to
emulate the deeds of a itassonet de Boulton
a PiziWCi or A Cortes. ‘Some of the older
campaigners miked of Chaput pec, Ccrro
Gordo, and Contreras, as gladly as if it
wese but yesterday that these historic
events had been achieved. Many of the
applicants for agricultural fame discoursed
ss,5 s , * merc excursion,
premising fortune and the favor of the black
eyed dames of the land of the chtipporal the
w/dto, and the equally dangerous but more
fascinat ug beverage of the Mexicans, known
to the old soldiers uuder the name of puhnt,
One bronzed and muatnehoed specimen of hu
raamty, who looked as if he had “heard the
Chimes at midnight,- offered his services as a
fighter, but did not wish, as be asserted, to
settle down as a colouist. Auother individu
al, with n wooden leg-wanted to serve as
chief of the culinary staff of Colonel Allen,
with whom be eagerly desired an Interview for
the purpose of teaching that officer anew
method of cooking desiccated vegetables.
Nearly every nationality under the sun was
represented by the numerous r.ud eager seek
ers after information and bounty money. It
is expected that a meeting will be held this
evening, by those concerned in the move
ment, for the purpose of more thorough
and efficient organization— ,V. Y World 13M
The Yale College Glee Chib have been
spending their vacation in giving concerts at
und < New°York? 1 W J * rSey ’ ™» i jrhrM»la
Inn^ e '-? ew . tlamp9^ Legislature meets on
find fiußQCes - the militia law.
Will fo?m thrf°il a E r >cultaral college
Will torn the leading subject of legislation.
Savannah, Ga., May 16, 1865.
To Albert G. Browne, Esq.
Supervising Special Agent, Treasury Depart
ment, Fifth Special Agency :
Sir: —To correct misunderstanding and to
secure uniform action by Agents of tnc Trea
sury Department In collection of captured
and abandoned property, alt agents will be
required to observe the following directions.
No property owned by individuals and
nun- in their possession will be treated as cap
tured, except such as has been taken by the
National forces from hostile possession, and
has been or shall lie turned over to agents of
the Treasury Department under military
No property will be treated as abandoned
except such as has been or shall be found ac
tually deserted and out of the custody of the
lawful owuersor their agents, and no house
hold goods,appurten;«nces, or furniture will be
touched by agents of the Treasury Depart
ment uuder any circumstances, except for
the purpose ot keeping the same eardhlly
stored subject to directions from the Secreta
ry of the Treasury.
Any property, which there Is satisfactory
reason to believe has belonged to the late so
called Confederate Gqveruuieut will be treat
ed as abandoned t when found by Agents of the
Treasury or Will be treated as
captured; when taken and turned over under
No authority whatever can be given to
purchase products iu States' heretofore declar
ed iu insurrection, except for account of the
United States, until after the President shall
declare that the insurrection has been sup
pressed, or shall 'otherwise make such pur
chase lawful, or the Act of Congress, approv
ed July 2, 1864, shall be changed.
You will, by every proper means, encour
age a return to industrial pursuits In your
All products of free labor heretofore pro
duced within the National lines, as then de
signated, or hereafter produced in the States
ot Tennessee, Virginia, North Carolina, Geor
gia, Florida, aud so much of South Carolina,
Alabama and Mississippi, a3 shall be declared
within the lines of occupation by the Depart
meat Commanders thereof, may be taken, or
sent to market iu the loyal States by the pro
ducers on their own account, without sale to
the United States, or any charge except the
internal revenue fax, anu the intercourse fees
prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury.
All product* other than of free labor, pro
duced in insurrectionary States; - prior to the
order of the Secretary ot War extending the
lines of military occupation, dated April It,
1865, may be sold to agents appointed by the
Secretary of the Treasury to purchase for
the United States. ; These ag-ents will be lo
cated at all the Atlantic and Gulf ports im
mediately, and will pay for such property
three-fourths (3-4) of the New York market
Arrangements will be immediately made
in your agency for unrestricted trade in tbe
sale of all supplies not contraband of war.
All persons who take the oath of loyalty
will be permitted to bring such supplies,
in any quantity desired by them, to all mili
tary posis in your agency, .and there to sell
the same to all loyal persons, in unrestricted
amounts. . -r. .
The purpose of the Government Is to es
tablish in all districts where good order is
maintained by the Inhabitants, as nearly an
unrestricted trade as possible under the pres
ent law; and you will be Careful to see that
the above directions are carried otit in yonr
agency, and that ad technicalities are avoided
which are not absolutely required under tbe
I am your ob’t rerv’t,
Wtt. P. Msu.e:l
. General Agent Treasury Dept-
I ; .
[Cbwi/afcd expressly for the Savannah Daily
Cathedral of St. John the Baptist—northeast
corner of Perry and Drayton streets.—-Mass
6 1-2 a. m., 8 1.-2 a. m. High Mass 10 1-2 a.
m., Vespers 4p. m. Suadaf School "2‘ 1-2 p
m., Stations or tEe Cross; concluding with
the Beuedicttoh of the'Mo§t Blessed Sacra
ment, Friday evening, 7 •o'cfoQt. Clergy-
Right Rev. Augustus Verot, D. D. Bishop ot
Bavaonah; T. F. G'Neil, Sr. Vicar General;
Rev. Peter Whelan, Rev. Peter Du&u, Bev.
Henry P. Clavrenl.
St. Patrick’s Churchirtoutheasi corner ot
West-Broad and Liberty streets,—Rev. Chas.
Prendergast,—Mass 8 1-1 a. ta., Hi£h Mass
10 1-2 a. m. * * • -
PBOTE3AHT EM3COFAL CHURCHES.
Chrbt’s Cliurch—«ast side of Johcsozi
Square comer Bull and Oougress streets;
Rev. Charles Coley Assistant Rector. Service
a - m -i S u “aay School 4p. a., Prayers
Wednesday and Fnday 11 a. m-
St. John’s Church—west side of Madison
Square, comer Bull aad Charlton streets;
Rev. C F. Mcßae, Rector. Service 10 1-2
r. m., 8 1.-2 p. m. ; Sunday School 9 a. m.—
Wm. S. Bogart, Superintendent. Prayers
daily atSp.'rh. ¥
Trinity Church—West side Sfc James
Square, comer Barnard and York streets;
Hev. A. M. Winn, Past.or. Service 10 a. m.;
Sunday School 1-2 p ro.: Mr. Madll
Service Tuefeday at 4 p.'ro.
Savannah Lutheran i Church East aide
W right Square, corner Bull and State streets:
Rev. D. M. Gilbert, Pastor. Services 10 1-2
a. m., 3 1-2 p. m.,- Sunday School 9a. m.;
John *l. Thomas, Superintendent. Service
Thursdays 3 il-2 p. m.
rRESBTTEfctiN CHURCHES. 5
Independent Presbyterian Church—South
west comer Bull and South Broad streets
Rev. LS. K^ ri Axson, D. D., Pastor. Ser
vices 10 1-2 fro., 3 1-12 p. m., Sunday School
9a. in.; John"W. Anderson, Superintendent,
service Thursday afternoons.
Savannah Baptist Church—We3t side of
Chippewa Square, comer Bull and Hull
streets ; Rev. Sylvanus Lundrum, Pastor
Service 10 1-2 a. in., and 4 1-2 p.ra. Sunday
School 3 1-2 p. m.; Geo. W. Su.
perintendeut. Service Thursdavs at'a 1-2
Mickva Israel, north-east corner of Whita
ker and Liberty streets. Rev. A. Epstein,
Reader. Sendee Friday 3 o’clock p. m Sa
turday 9 1-2 o’clock a. m. -
Bnai Berith Jac»b, Army Hall building,
we9t side* Wright Square, comer Bull and
State streets. Services Friday, G o’clock n.
m. Saturday 9 o’clock a. m.
First African Baptist Church—West side
Franklin Square, corner Montgomery and
Bryan streets; Iter. Wm. Campbell, Pastor.
Service 10*1-2 a. ro., 3 1-2 and 7p. m. Sun
day School 2 p. m.; James Sims, Superb .
Undent, Ct&tlet L. De La Motto, Assis.
taut. Church service Thursdays 7 p. m
prayers, Mondays 7 p. m.
Second African Baptist Church— West side
Green Square, corner State and Houston'
streets; Rev. John Cox, Pastor. Service
10 1-2 a. m., 3 1-2 and 7 p. m. Sunday
School 21-2 p. m. ; Herman Eves. Su
perintendent, Win. Gorgan, Assistant. Pray
ers, Tuesdays and Thursdays 7 p. in.
Third African Baptist Church Bryan,
near Fahan street. Rev. E. Houston, Pas
tor. Service 10 a. m., 3 and 7p. m. Prayers
Mondays and Thursdays 7 p. m.
Fourth African Baptist Church—Liberty,
near Montgomery street, Rev. Isaac Brown
Pastor, Rev. Henrv Taylor, Assistant Pastor.
Service 10 1-2 a. m., 3 1-2 and 7 p. m. Pray
ers Tuesdays and Thursdays, 7 p. in.
at. Stephens Episcopal Church—West
side Calhoun Square. Rev. James Porter,
Lay Reader. Service 10 10 a. in., 7p. in.
Union Metfiodisi Episcopal— New street,
near Fahan street, north Central Rail Depot.
Rev. Win. Bentley, Pastor. Service 10 a. in.,
3 1-2 p. m., 7p. m. Sunday School 121-2 p.
m. Henry*Bates, Superintendent.
German Lutheran Church corner of Dray
ton and Gordon streets.
Wesley. Chapel—North-east corner of Lin
coln, and South Broad streets.
.. Penflelds Mariners Church—Bay street,
south side* between Abercorn and' Lincoln
jT C. NOE-WELL & CO.
CORNER BULL AND BAY STREETS*
RAVE Jtßt BfiCEmn
THE LARGEST AND MOST COMPLETE STOCK
DRY GOODS. CLOTHING, BOOTS AND SHOES,
HATS AND CAPS.
-.7: • ;.D '•• '
sv*b- orrjHß is tut situt.
Which will be sold
AT WHOLESALE AND RETAIL,
WON TBS SiQ3T FAVORABLE terns.
Organdies. * -
Giughana, • -
Bareges, all kinds,
Crape Maretz, ail colors
THIS DEPARTMENT IS COMPLETE Ql ALL ITS DETAILS
Ladles’ and Gouts 1 Black aud Colored Kids, best make,
Lisle, ell colors, .
> Silk, all colors,
•' ‘ ' ' Fillet Mi’ts.'
HANDKEBCHI. EF 9.
Linen Cambric, Hemstitched, ,
Gents’ Printed Borders,
H O S I E fit Y, .
Ladles’ Black and White Silk,
Ladies’ Black and White Cotton,
Misses’ Black and White Cotton,
~ • Children’s Black and Whits Cottoh,
Ladies’ and Misses’ Gauze Merino Vests,
UMBRELLAS and parasols.
Bonnet and Belt, all kinds..*
White,Black and Coloi ed Straw and Braid Bonnets.
Ladies’ Misses’ and Children's Plats, in great Va
riety, ; V •- - ;•■ • ; ...
A foil assortment of Gents' aad Boys’ Hats.
FANS IN EVERY VARIETY,
LAB6S AJfL WELL ASSORTED STOCK OF LADLES’
- A.n> emirs’ enocs.
Linsu and Casslmare Sommer Salts,
A Full assortment of Military Dress and Fatigue
may2o - L. C. NORVELL & CO.
1865 NEW SKIRT.
THE GREATEST INVENTION OP THE AQE IN
J. W. Banin'# New Patent DUPLEX ELLIP
TIC (or double; SPRING SKIRT.
Wests, Bradue? & Caet, (latej. l.&Jo Westi
sole Proprietors ami Manufacturers, 97 Chambers ami
.9 and 61 licade streets, New York. C
This invention consists of duplex (ortwoi ellintir
steol springs, Ingeniously braided, tlgkt'v aud firmlv
together, edge to edge, making the toughest moat
flexible. elastic and durable'spring ever used.' Thev
seldom bend or Break aud consequently preserve their
gerfcct ana beautiful shape twicers ioKS
Tiie wonderful flexibility and great comfort and
pleasure to any lady wearing the Duplex Ellin; k- fekiit
will be experienced particularly iu all crowriedn-w.m
bliis, opera, carriage, railroad cars, church pews arm
wihfoidft nd UoUBC ,!re ' 8 ’ a»*the Skirt
will tola itself, when in use, to occupy a small ulace ns
"a fadvbnrtn eUie i Ut!y l " llk or uiußllu dress
the pleasure, comfort, and
thc Duplex Elliptic
R , Bis |( le drt y Soil never afterword wil.
lingly dispense with the use of them, i'or Children,
itn(l ' oQng udie » are superior to nil
1 hey are the best quality in every part, and nn
?nH9^, on ‘ 1 y f 0 latest, most desirable, comfortable
und economical Skirt ever mads. For sale in all flrst
c ass stores iu this city and throughout the United
States, I iavaiia de Cuba, Mexico, Svuth America, aud
the \Y cst ludic*.
Inquire for the Duplex Elliptic ski ft.
1 r HEADQ’RS Dfe.PT. OF THE SOUTH
Go-eral Ordeosl * Uea * S ' C • “V I6 > Stt.
No. m. f
The following General Order from (he War
menv U publL-hed for the information of o^^
Awutant G£N* RiL and Otfior,
Genxhal OsDzas) Aprd 24. wcs.
No 73. /
t«J he T, attention of Commanders of MUitaiv Diru
jons. Departments, Districts, Detachment,
is drawn t<» tbe annexed opinion of the Attoi
® r *L which they will observe, and thpii^i^ n *
m accordance tnerewith • k te theU action
ATTGRNKY GENERAL’S OFFICE
Hon. Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary 01 ISW -
Sis: I have the honor to acknowledge the recelnt
You ask. First. Whether rebel officers who
sifted in the city 01 Washington, sud went I° V
or elsewhere in the South, and took service ca^ tit'
turn to the city under the sUpu.—oua of ths
Uou, and reside here as their h gj- , ; «*|>itui«.
Sea.nd. Whether persona who resided la Washtoe
ton shout the time the rebellion bioke out led thft
city and went to Richmond wnere have i u h e r«d
to Uie rebel cause, entered into the rebel serWce ??
otherwise gwentt their support, comfort, and Via,’cm
return to »* ushiugtou, aince the capitulation or Gen
Gee s army, and the capture of Ricbmoial, and re»rda
here under the terms 01 the capiiuiauonf
Third. You state that, sin, e the capitulation of G°n
Lee’s ar my, rebel offlceis nave appeared in publlc hl
the loyal States, weurmg th<; rehei uuiiorm; and votr
ask whether aach conduct is not a ireah act 01 hostil! U
ty, on their part, to the tinted States, su^ecUng tnem
mem t mto M uvo,v ' !d 01 the gov£td
, Your letter la accompanied with a copy of the terns
r • „ uii cue ouiceis and men to be mad* in du
plicate ; one copy to oe given to an officer ueorguutwl
oy me, the other to be retained by such officer trtm
ce.s as you may designate. The olhceis to rage their
ludrviuuai paroles not to lake up arms
ve urneut or the Lnrled Stare, uuui proper,y exchangl
ed, and earn company or re„inieutar Conau/uUuer siFu
a iilto parole tor tue-men of then- command* 'ice
arms, amuerv. aud public property to he pamedand
aiacaea, and turned over to the officers appointed ov
me [Ueu. Uram] to receive them. Tula wui uot enr.
Drsce the *:ae arms of me officers, nor their nnvma
Oorces or hag gage. This done, each officer aha ffi.u
will he uliowea to return to their noaus. uot t!Tha
dwturueu py me Gnitea States suthoniyso long us
they observe their parole ana the laws in ,oroo wtera
mey may reside.’• **
i.—lu giving construction to thes* artldes of capitu.
iaUou, wo must consider lu what capacity Ueu. Grant
was speaking lie, of course, spoke oyane autuoritr
of the Fresment oi the Umted grates, ns commanntr
m-G'niet of tue A. mice or the United htstea. It must
oe presumed thut he had no nutaomy from the Fresi.
dent except such as the Commauder-m-Gnief oouid
give to a m.htur> officer.
Tu« President pe.iorms two functions of the Govern
went; one civil, the other mhiury. As Fiesweut of
me United atates and its civil beau, he possesses the
pardoning power; us President o, the United states u«
is Gwmmaiiuef-i 1 r-Ohief 01 the Armies oi the Umted
States, ana is ibe head of iis Deiiigerent power ill*
power to parcou as a avil magistrate cannot he Uwe
gaicd; it la apersona, trust ins, puraoiy Couirecteawim
tae office of President. As Uonmianaer-in-Chier 01 uie
of me United Skuas,. he has of uece.-siiy to
utlcgate a vast amount oi power. Rugat dinr Ueuer al
Gr ant then pu tly as u mintary officer anu uiat i9 won
speuKmgaa one posse aiLg Uo power except be.Uaer
eat, ruru consider lug that lac* lo oe weir ahown lotne
oeiiigerems, wail whom he "us muting the stmuia.
tiou, ret us come to the consideration oi Ore mat outs
trwu wuicu you have propounded.
It must be observed Una tbe question is not as to
the extent 01 the power that the President, t a Com
marroer-m-ohiei oi tbe Armies, it 1s hot
wumher he, as Commander tn-Chref of the Armies of
the Unrteu Mtales couid gr ant parole, by virtue ot his
murtary auihonty, to rebel.,,to go to, ftpu risrde iu loy
al couimuuims—communities mat had not been iu re.
oeiiiou against the Uovemmeut of the Umted States •
cat the question is whether by, and uuder the terms oi
me supination, he has graute.i such permis-Jun*
•la m* ca,es m 2 Black, commonly called the Prize
c a=ea, the Supreme Court of the United States decided
hat the rebels were belligerents: that this was no
l.ose, uuorguhlzed insurrection, without dell*ed boun
dary, but that it had a boundary, marked by lines 'of
b ‘ y ,i De^h V^ CJl f uu olil y he crossed by tbire; that
south of that hue is enemy’s territory, became claimed
and held by au organized hostile aud belligerent Dow
er ; teat an person, residing w.thiu that territory
b* treated as enemies, though uot foreigner 1 aud it
is wen settled that all persons going there without 11.
cense pending me hostilities, ,? r remaining U.em a tir
hostiUties commenced, must be regarded and treated
as residents 01 that territory, it follows, as a math r
of coarse, that residents of the territory In iebeilioa
cannot be regarded as having homes in the loy. 1 star a
a man * home and his residence cannot be distinct the
one irotn the other. The rebels were dealt with by
General Grant as belligerents. As belligerents, their
homes wer* of necessity in tbe belligerent to
the Government oi me United States. The office™
andsoldiwsof Gen, Lee's aimy, then, who had homes,
prior to the rebellion, In the Northern States, took us»
their residence within the rebel States, and abandoned
their homes in the loyal States: and when Gen Grant
gave permission to them, by the stipulation, to return
to their home-, it cannot oe understood as a Dermis
siou to return to any part of the lftyal States
That was a capitulation of Burrend&’t and not a trues
Vaueii lays it down that: [p. 414 J • DarUi K the trues
•spaciully if mud* lorn long pe.lud, It is Saiuraily v.l
loWitbi»Air euemie* to pas* uud r*pa»» to and fro*a
• .ch oihei- * country, in ih« manner as it is allow.
•a lu Uiu« i.f p«uc«, since all ho.-tlitu# are now
auapeeded. But eacn of the sovereigns it at lioerty. us
hs wou.d be in tlmft of peace, to aaopt every piec n
tion which may be necessary to prevent this inteuouraa
. t oxa becoming prejudicial to bhu. He has Just K r,.unda
oi suspicion against, eople with whom be is mon to
re-commence hostilities. He may even declare, at the
time of making the truce, tnat be will admit none of
the enemy into any place under his jurisdiction.
' Those who, having entered the euemy’a territories
during the truce, aie detained there by rienness, or any
outer umnraountable obstacle, and thus happen to
remain in tne country after the expiration of the ar
mistice, may, iu strict Justice, be kept piiooners; it is
an accidi nt which they might have foreseen, and to
which they have, of their own accord, exposed them,
salves t but humanity and generosity commonly re
ttdepartm«**‘° ttlU b# tt aufflcieut i«r
’ ’‘II the articlca of truce contain any conditions el.
tber moie extensive or more narrowly restrictive than
what we have here laid down, the transact! u beco me*
a particular convention. It Is obligatory on the “nT
trading p .riles, who are bound to ooscfve what Uiey
, have promised in due form; aud the obligaUons thSc*
resulting constitute a conventional right;
Now if the rights of enemies, du.ing alone trace
afid suspension of hostiliiles, are thus restneteffik
wonld seem evident that their rig ins under a cupitu'a
li.tiuu or suneuder, without vny suspension of hotiill.
ties, could not, w.thout ex;n s orda in the stitnua
tion to that effect, te aLytL.*ig an large as under a
truce and »nspeiLdon of hostifities. *
Regarding Gen. Grant, then, as speaking simply as
soldier, and with the powers of a soldier fret ardiug
this war as a terr.torial war, and person# within that
r i? Qr l as resideuts thereof, and. as such, enemies of
the Government; and ioi king to tae lang’iaze 01 the
stipulation, I am of opinion tuat the rehei ouuerswno
Bar rendered to Gen. Grant, have no homes within the
h yal States, and have no right to c.me t j plane., w hlcii
Rod* tk * ir homes prior to their going into the rebai-
H.—As to your second question—The stipulation of
eurreudtr made betwixt Gets. Giant unui.ee, does
not embrace any persons other than the officers’ and
•oidiers o. Gen. Lee’s army. Persons in the civil t*er
vice of the rebe.iion, or who had othe.w.se given it
support, comfort aud aid, and were resident:: ct me
rebel territory, certainly have no right to retura to
Washington under that stipulation. *
lU.—As to the tr.lrd qiiestiou—My answer to the first
Is a complete answer to this.
Rebel officers certainly have no right to be wearing
their uuiiorms in any of the loyal Suite#. It seems to
me that such officers, having don ewrong in coming
Into tie loyal St .tea, are bui adding iuotiu to i. Jury iu
wearing their un norms. They have os much light to
bear the truiioro* flag through the streets of a loyal
city as to wear a traitors’ ga:h. uhe etlpulatiuu of
anrremUfr pci mlra no bucli taiug, aud the wc.ii lnji of
hoaUlity against tlic Uvvctn*
Ver>- respectfully, y< nr obedient servant,
r- SPEED, Attorney Gtneral.
f. D. ilopdw, capt. 36th U. 3. C. TANARUS.,
Act. Alt, Adjt. General.