SAVANNAH DAILY HERALD.
VOL. 1-NO. 112.
The Savannah Daily Herald
(MORNING AND EVENING]
IS PUBLISHED BY
S3. W. MASON & CO.,
At 111 Bay Street, Savannah, Georgia,
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In every style, neatly and promptly done.
QHARLES L. COLBY A CO.
SHIPPING, COMMISSION AND FORWARDING
JONES r.I.OCK, COKNEE bay and aijekcokn streets.
. SAVANNAH, GA.
LIBERAL CASH ADVANCES
Made on Consignments to the firm of Chas. L. Colby,
of New York, or to onr friends in Boston.
A. 11. HOLWAY, Resident Partner.
Messrs. Dabney, Morgan A Cos., New York.
Jarivs Slade, Esq., New York.
Hon. J - Wiley Edmauds, Boston.
Gardner Colby, Esq., Boston. may IS— ts
jpXCHANGE ON NEW YORK.
FOR SALE BY
ap2(j ts 9:; Bay street.
STEELE & BURBANK,
Hilton Head, S. C.
Call the attention of Wholesale and Retail purchasers
to their superior stock of
MILITARY AND NAVAL CLOTHING
Watches, Clocks, Fancy Goods, Jewelry, and Plated
Ware,Swords, Sashes, Belts, Embroderies, Boots, Caps
Fi Glasses, Gauntlets Gloves. &c., &c„ Ac.
The undersigned have this day formed a co-partner
ship under the firm name of Charles L. Coloy & Cos ,
for the transaction of business as* Shipping, Commis
eion and Forwarding Merchants.
CHARLES L. COLBY,
ALEXANDER H. HOLWAY,
Savannah. Ga., May 10th, ISCS. ts maylT
Riddell & murdock,
WHOLESALE ANT) RETAIL DEALERS IN
SUTLERS’ AND NAVAL STORES, DRY GOODS,
BOOTS A YD SHOES, HATS AND CAPS,
Gentlkmkn’s Furnishing Goods, Ac.,
No. 5 Merchants' Row, Hilton Head, S. C. ,
w. o. riddeit, f.ianio —tf] a. j.mttbook
RW. CAMPBELL, VETERINARY SURGEON
* having reopened his office and yard, on Wil
liam street, is now prepared to treat (on scientific
principles.] all diseases incident to Horses that are
susceptible of remedy. Charges moderate. Cures
warranted. Terms cash. feblC ts
Bakery a confectionery 'es tablish
MENT AT BEAUFORT.
.We respectfully call the attention of the public to
our Bakery A Confectionery Establishment in Sam.
A. Cooley’s Building at Beaufort, at which we are
prepared promptly to fill any orders which muy be for
warded to us. Special attention is paid to the man
ufacture of Ornamental Pieces, Fancy Confectionery,
and Elegant Pastry, for holiday or( estival tables.
Feb. 3-ts McMANUS A MURRAY.
FIRE AND INLAND NAVIGATION INSURANCE
ON FIRST CI.ASS BISKS,
ON BUILDINGS, MERCHANDISE, COTTON,
And Prodnce generally, at any of the Cities, Towns or
Plantations in this State, and in transitu, by Rail or
River, can be obtained at liberal rates to the extent of
FIFTY THOUSAND DOLLARS,
Under the New York underwriter’s Policy of the Ger
mania, Hanover, Niagara and Republic Insurance
Companies, on application to
T. T. THOMAS, Agent,
may24-3t No. 11* Bay street.
JNLAND AND FIRE INSURANCE.
on the Rivera
TO AN 1> FROM 'MACON,
Also Fire Risks on Cotton in Macon and Augusta
taken by the Metropolitan Insurance Cos., of New
L. C. NORVELL & CO.,
Corner Bay and Bull Streets, Agents.
OOLUM BI A N
(MARIN Ej INSURANCE COMPANY
OF NEW YORK.
CASH CAPITAL .’ $3,500,000.
The undersigned are prepared to Insure under Open
Policy from the above Company to the extent of SIOO,-
000 in property in any first class Steamer, and from
$50,000 to $75,000 on any first class sailing vessel, on
the most favorable New York terms.
For further particulars apply to
CHARLES L. COLBY & CO,
Jones Block, comer Bay and Abercorn streets,
V I lS,|,|
FOR WRAPPING PAPER,
For sale at the
-SAVANNAn HERALD OFFIC
mar 22 KO * 111 BTEKET -
C. NOR V ELL A CO.
CORNER BULL AND BAY STREETS,
HAVE JUST RET El YEP
THE LARGEST AND MOST COMPLETE STOCK
DRY GOODS, CLOTHING, BOOTS AND SHOES,
HATS AND CAPS.
EVER offered in this maek.et,
Which will be sold
AT WHOLESALE AND RETAIL,
UPON THE MOST FAVORABLE TEEMS.
Lawns, latest styles,
Bareges, all kinds,
Crape Maretz, all colors.
THIS DEPARTMENT IS COMPLETE IN ALL ITS DETAILS.
Ladies and Gents' Black and Colored Kids, best make,
Lisle, all colors,
Silk, all colors,
Linen Cambric, Hemstitched,
Gents’ Printed Borders,
Ladies’ Black and White Silk,
Ladies' Black and White Cotton,
Misses’ Black and White Cotton,
Children’s Black and White Cotton,
Ladies’ and Misses’ Gauze Merino Vests,
Gents’ Merino Vests.
UMBRELLAS AND PARASOLS.
Bonnet and Belt, all kinds.
White,Black and Colored Straw and Braid Bonnets
Ladies’ Misses’ and Children’s Flats, in great va
A*full assortment of Gents' aad Boys’ Hats.
FANS IN EVERY VARIETY.
LARGE AND WELL ASSORTED STOCK OF LADIES’
AND GENTS’ SHOES.
Linen and Cassimere Summer Suits,
A Fnll assortment of Military Dress and Fatigue
H. A. TOPHAM,
138 CONGRESS STREET, SAVANNAH, GA,,
NO. 7 MERCHANTS’ ROW, HILTON HEAD,
Calls the attention of Wholesale and Retail purchasers
to his superior Stock of
MILITARY, NAVAL and CITIZENS’ CLOTHING,
GENTS’ FURNISHING GOODS
For sale at the Lowest Market price.
Additions to Stock received by every Steamer from
New York. . may2s-20t
may2o L. C. NORVELL & CO.
A. A. SOLOMONS & CO.
Beg to inform their customers and the public general
ly that they havejust received per steamer America,
A FULL ASSORTMENT OF GOODS IN THEIR
And with a thoroughly REPLENISHED STOCK,
they are enabled to fill orders as faithfully as hereto
TUEY iIAVn AEB/VNOET> TO RECEIVE SUPPLIES WEEKLY.
Being compelled to adhere to ? he
Funds must in all cases accompany the orders to in
AT THE OLD STAND.
maylß 10 Savannah, Ga.
Y'ORK HEKaXd COKUKSPONDKN t.
The office of the New York Herald Correspondent
111 BAY STREET,
marts . .. ts
SAVANNAH, GA., FRIDAY, MAY 26, 1865.
THE TRIAL. OF THE ASSASSINS.
Synopsis of the Kvtdence Taken.
Washington, May 19.
The witnesses for the defence were to-day
dismissed until Monday. About twenty have
thus far been summoned.
The United States have probably thirty
more witnesses to examine, and an effort
will be made to conclude the testimony for
the prosecution to-morrow.
The trial will probably be closed next
This morning, up to the recess, Charles
H. Rosch was examined as to his having ob
tained possession of Edward Spangler’s car
pet bag on the 17th, and found therein a
piece of rope eighty-one feet long, the twist
having been carefully taken out.
After the recess, Mr.. Rosch was recalled,
and identified the rope found in Spangler’s
Win. Eaton testified that be arrested
Spangler at bis boarding-house in Wash
Wm. Wallace testified that be arrested
O’Laughlin on the 17th ot April, in Balti
more, on the way to the Police-office.—
O’Laughlin spoke of the assassination as a
bad affair, and denied that he had anything
to do with it.
James Gifford, a carpenter at Ford's Thea
tre gave information about fitting up the box
President Lincoln occmajjjd. Nothing speci
ally important was cbaited by his examina-
William H. Wells testified: On the 14th
April he was living at the house of Secretary
Seward, and«recogni«eA*Payne. as the mau
who came tttere representing he had medi
cine from Dr. Verdi, faujpy physician : saw
Payne strike FredericlUSeward on steps
twice over bead, with something round,
mounted with silver; subsequently saw Payne
come out, and get on his horse and ride
away; after Payne’s capture witness recog
nized him immediately. V
Sergt. Robinson, who was in attendance up
on Secretary Seward on£he night of the 14th.
April testified that the fast he saw of Payne,
he heard a disturbance if the ball; when he
opened the door Payne struck him, and
when he oame into tic room ihe witness
clenched him; Payne pwhis arm around his
neck, struck him with aQcnife and cut him,
then went to the bedsidfof Secretary Seward
and struck him with tn same weapon on
the neck twice. He Ascribed what took
place and the in whVli Payne
seemed to be endeavoring to cut him in the
neck. • ‘ j
Major Seward, son a* Secretary Seward,
was sworn, and identifiA Payne as the man
who was at his on the night of
the Ist of April. He fttd retired about II
o’clock, and a short tinm-qfter Mas aroused
by screams of his sister Jrushed up stairs and
seized the man, who ««itck witness with a
decanter from the table, smd made use«f the
words, “I am mad—l am mad;” when near
the door, as witness wa9 pushing, he saw by
the light in the hall that’he was tall, large,
and had dark hair and no beard; got a pistol
and rushed down to the front door. After
witness’ own wounds were dressed, he went
into his father’s room and saw he had a lorge
gash on his cheek, one on his throat,and one
under his ear; witness was satisfied prisoner
at the bar was the same man.
Col. Morgan testified that on the 17th of
April he had possession of Mrs. Surratt’s
house, and-stated that Payne came in with a
pickaxe on his shoulder. Payne said “I
guess I am mistaken.” I asked who he want
ed to see. He said “Mrs. Surratt.” I told
him he was right, to come in the parlor. He
said Mrs. Surratt had epgaged him to dig a
gutter ; said he was* twenty years old, was
from Fauquier county, Va., and earned liis
living by the pick. He showed me an oath
of allegiance,and said he was from the South;
said he could neither read nor write. Wit
ness identified the pickaxe which he had on
The special correspondence ol the N. Y.
Times ha 9 the following:
Washington, Friday, May 19.
As the trial of the assassin* progresses,
the interest of the public in the proceedings
increases, if possible. The court-room aud
adjoining apartments were densely crowded
this afternoon. Not a foot of standing-room
was unoccupied. A larger number of ladies
was in attendance than on any previous oc
Payne’s case was nearly or quite disposed
of, and the testimony against him presented
in more regular judicial form than has been
practiced in offering the evidence as to the
other prisoners. Excepting the immaterial
and irrelevant questions put and answers
drawn out by Payne’s counsel, the testimony
was unusually pertinent. For a time during
the reading of this testimony the prisoner
exhibited some marked evidences of sensi
bility, and much more intelligence than was
generally expected of him. It was not long,
liowever, before he relapsed into his usual
stolid expression. Whilst the history of his
entrance to the mansion, and attack upon
Mr. Seward and the inmates of his house
hold, was being recited by the several wit
nesses, much interest was manifested by the
prisoner, though his countenance did not dis
cover any strong emotion, but seemed to say,
“Ot course these facts are generally true,but I
want to see whether you tell the story cor
lectly or not. ’ The identity of the accused
was completed by the testimony of Major
Seward, Robinson, and the mulatto boy.—
Major Seward unhesitatingly pronounced
Payne to be the man who made the attack
upon his father and afterwards upon himself.
Robiuson is satisfied with the identity but
would not like to swear that the prisoner
was the man. The boy was possitive that
Payne is the criminal. Such was the mat
ter of identification whilst Payne was yet sit
ting in his woolen shirt. The witnesses re
tired to an adjoining room, and by order of
the Commissioner the prisoner was required
to clothe himself in the hat that was picked
up in Mr. Seward’s house just alter the
criminal left, and in the two coats identified
as belonging to Payne. The mulatto boy
was again brought into the court-room. Im
mediately upon taking the stand he pointed
to Payne, then standing up, and exclaimed,
“Oh, be knows me nght well. If he has
confessed to everything, you can ask him if
lam not the one that let him in.” This ex- i
ciamation made in boyish frankness of man
ner caused a general laugh, in which Payne
joined heartily. The additional clothing
made a wonderful change in his personal ap
pearance. He now looked a broad-shoul
dered, stout young man, and the hat
concealing the form of his head, he
had less ot the appearance of a savage, but
the same face was there, the unmistakable
features of the confirmed hardened criminal.
The boots that this mau had on when arrest
ed were produced in court, aud, upon exami
nation, found to be a pair made lor Booth,
doubtless, as his uarne was found written up
on the lining near tt e top of the leg.
Some further evidence was added against
Mrs. Surratt, and it was sworn that, when
she was confronted with Payne on the night
of her arrest, when he appeared at her house
in disguise, she protested she never saw him,
and added, “I did not hire him ; I do not
know him.’’ This testimony is considered
material as against her, since it has been,
heretofore clearly proven that she well knew
the prisoner, who had boarded with her and
lodged in her house ou two occassions.
The appearance of the other prisoners is
not different from their looks yesterday, ex
cept O’Laaughlin, who is yet apparently sink
The evidence ou the part of the govern
ment will close to-morrow, as it now looks.
Such is the expectation of the Judge-Advo
cate. It is believed the further hearing will
consume the whole of next week.
Particulars of His Course after Lee's Surrender
—How He Gathered a Body Guard and Car
ried Off" the Specie—His Men become uneasy
A and clamor for Pay—He Encourages them with
Patriotic Speeches — Talk will not do and the
Money Bays are Opened—Nearly all his
Guard leave him and march West—Breckin
ridge and otfler Leaders probably across the
[.Special Despatch to N. Y. Tim >.]
Nashville:, Friday. ,\lay 19.
Through Confederate officers \< lio have
just arrived, I get a full accopnt of Jeff.
Davis’ movements up to within a short time
of his capture.
Gen. Deprell, who commanded his escort,
was engaged iu the battle neai Raleigh, N.
C., when he received the intelligence of the
surrender of Lee; and at the same time
Wheeler got a despatch from Jeff. Davis,
dated at Greensboro, N. C., calling for one
thousand picked men, to escort him and
what remained of his government to Washoe,
Debrell was accordingly despatched with
the required force, and after a march of
three days reached Greensboro, at which
Joint he found Jeff. Davis with his family,
udab P. Benjamin, Jno. C. Breckinridge,
Senator Burnett,of Kentucky, J. H. Reagau,
Postmaster, Gen. Gustavus A. Hums, of
Tennessee, and other rebel officials.
As soon as-Gen. Debrell arri ved, the party
prepared to march, and they set out on the
following day. Jeff. Davis and the rebel
oiticials rode In front, followed by ambu
lances containing the women and children
and the specie, which was currently reported
among the officers to amount to eleven
millions of dollars. It was put up iu heavy
iron-bound kegs and boxes, and had a guard
of one thousand men led by Gen. De Ruell,
which followed this traiu.
At a point about five miles from Greens
boro they camped, Jeif. Davis and family
taking up their quarters in a- house in the
vicinity. Here the rank and file first learned
the object of their mission, and it was dis
cussed with ali the surmises which it natural
ly excited, the men being exceedingly
anxious to know the destination of their gov
On the following day, Jeff. Davis visited
the boys and made a soul-stirring speech,
adverting to the disasters that had overtaken
their beloved Confederacy, but giving them
every assurance that they were not irrevoca
bly lost; that all that was necessary to ulti
mate success was confidence in their govern
ment, and the undaunted bravery which bad
characterized the Confederate army during
its past career.
Upon taking up the line of march, they
rode in the same order; Jeff Davis having by
his side young Col. Johnston, son of Gen.
Albert Sidney Johnston, in whom he evi
dently reposed the most implicit confidence.
They reached Charlotte, N. C., where they
again camped, and Davis harrangued the
men again, inspiring confidence in them, and
dealing in glowing words ot rebel patriotism.
He appeared happy and cheerful, took the
boys by the hand, and entered Into cheerful
conversation with them. He would praise
their valor in the presence of the ladies, and
call them the faithful thousand, the flower of
the Confederacy, and paid other pretty but
not substantial compliments.
At this point they were joined by Basil
Duke, Ferguson and Vaughn, with their
brigades, which increased the escort to the
magnificent proportion of 5,000 men.
After the new comers had mingled with
the others they soon learned the condition of
things, and they too had their surmises.
Like a pack of hungry wolves they were sud
denly reminded that the government was
slightly indebted to them, aud as the treasure
was near at hand the idea of presenting
their bills suggested itself to them. The men
would congregate in groups, and their low
mutterings boded no good to the govern
ment. Jeff, found it necessary to redouble
-his efforts to conciliate, but his eloquence
was wasted now. The men obeyed their or
ders and followed Jeff, into South Carolina,
to Abbeville, whera they again halted very
much fatigued and demoralized.
On the Bth things began to assume a,new
desperate feature, and Jefl. found it polite to
inspire his brave boys with something more
substantial than words. The treasure - was
opened, and the division of Gen. Debrell,
with the brigades of Duke, Ferguson and
Vaughn, were formed in line, and the soldiers
were paid off. Some of the men were paid
S3O, some S2B, and others 20. They were
Said in gold and silver, the coin being chiefly
[exican dollars, with lew United States, but
few of them received gold.
■ln the evening Duke sent his Adjutant-
General, Capt. Davisto notify all his men
who wished to go west of the Mississippi
River, to report at 11 o’clock on the follow-
PRICE. 5 CENTS
ing day. At the appointed time all the men
reported, but Duke refused to take those
who were without arms, and taking only
those who were armed, left the others to
shift for themselves. They heaped curses on
Duke, and with heavy hearts went to
Washoe, Ga., where they surrendered them
selves to Gen. Wilson, together with the
brigades of Ferguson and Vaughn.
The command of Gen. De Ruell, escorted
Jeff Davis to Vienna Valley, on the West
bank of the Savannah River, about twenty
miles from Washiugtou when the grand disso
lution took place on the 9th.
At this point Benjamin, Breckinridge, Bur
nett aud several others took a last tarewell of
Jeff Davis and his family. At the hour nam
ed Jeff Davis aud his suite crossed the river,
and the other portion of the government gal
loped off to Washington, their pocket hand
kerchiefs in mourning. The command was
apprised of the fact that they were now left
to follow the bent of their own inclinations.
Benjamin and Breckinridge, with their
friends, no doubt reached the west bank of
Jefferson Davis.' Extraordinary Precau
tions against his Rescue or Escape.
A special despatch to the New York Even
ing Post fr om Fortress Monroe, Va., states
that the steamer Wm. P. Clyde from Hilton
Head, convoyed by the U. S. Gunboat Tusca
rora, arrived there on the 19th having on board
Jefferson Davis and his fellow prisoners.
The dispatch says: At this writing, such is
the 9trict secrecy observed, not only as to the
presence of the prisoners, but also as to their
future movements, that it is impossible to
torm even an opinion regarding the intention
of the government.
The steamer Clyde still remains away ont
mote than three miles from here, seemingly
anchored, and Colonel Pritchard is piobably
t ie only one who has come ashore from her.
The gunboat Tuscarora anchored iu the
roads about 3 o'clock this afteruoon, but
nothing can be gleaned from her officers in
relation to the party on the Clyde.
ltnmors have been continually flying about
this afternoon to the effect that the steamer
Clyde ran in along close to the beach
about four o'clock this afternoon, and landed
Davis and liis party on the beach, about one
mile from the port, and from there were
marched into the sally port of the water bat
tery, in order to escape tho gaze of the curi
Four o’clock p, m —the steamer Clyde has
just dropped her anchor in the Roads, and
there now seems no doubt but that Jefferson
Davis must have landed somewhere alon°*
No communication whatever is allowed
with the steameif and it is more than proba
ble thrt the larger portion of the party still
remain on board.
The officer in charge awaits instructions
About a week since Colonel Bremerton, of
the Engineer corps, received orders by tele
graph from Maior-General Barnard, to imme
diately have vacated a room of casemate in
side the Fort for the accommodation of pris
of state. The work on the casemate, trans
ferring them into cells, for which they are
admirably adopted, was at once commenced.
The work has gone on very fast, atd the
casemates, which once communicated one
into another, are now hermetically sealed by
walls of brick. Strong iron bars, and other
substantial arrangements of a similar materi
al, enclose the windows and doors, complete
ly rendering futile any attempt at escape or
A wide moat encircles the fort, and strong
guards of sentinels will be posted in the im
mediate vicinity ot the casemates.
Every device which precaution and a ’de
sire to meet the wishes of the government
and people should suggest, will assuredly be
adopted to insure still further the close cus
tody of the most important prisoners cap
tured sinoe the war began.
A portion of the testimony of Gens. Grant
and Meade before the committee on the con
duct of the war, has been furnished for pub
lication. Both generals warmly endorse the
ability displayed by Secretary Stanton in the
management of the War Department, and
Gen. Grant testifies that there has been no
misunderstanding with regard to the conduct
of the war, in any particular, between him
self and the Secretary of War since he has
been in command.
On Sunday last there aTrived in Peters-
twenty, odd car loads of machinery,
which had been removed from the Confed
erate States Armory to Danville prior to the
evacuation of Richmond, and recaptured at
that place by the United States authorities a
few weeks sinoe. It is designed to tranship
it from City Point to some Northern city,
where it will be put up.
Iredoll County, N. C., is literally full of
widows and orphan children. Two years
ago there were in the little village of States
viiie and vicinity, twenty-nine widows, each
with from one to six and eight children, The
Fourth North Carolina Volunteers was re
cruited in this county, and it suffered heavi
ly at the second battle of Manassas.
A mass meeting of Union men was held
in Paducah, Ky., on Wednesday, at which
resolutions were passed denouncing the. men
whose representations caused the removal of
Gen. Meredith from command in this district
as unworthy of belief, as the very worst
enemies of the Union cause, and as opposed
to the restoration of peace.
Coi. Shelley, of Gen. Sherman’s staff, ar
rived in .Washington on Wednesday with
the rolls of Johnston’s paroled army, con
taining the names of 37,000 men.
The Louisville Democrat learns that the
Secretary of War will, in the course of ten
or twelve days, appoint commissioners to fix
the value of slaves who have enlisted or
been drafted into the United States armies
from the State of Kentucky.
An individual, having been to church, re
turned earlier than usual, and was asked,
“Is it all done already?” “No,” he replied ;
“it is all said; but very little if any ot what
was said has been done.”