SAVANNAH DAILY HERALD.
VOL. 1-NO. 117.
The Savannah Daily Herald
(MORNING AND EVENING^
18 PUBLISHED 1)Y
8. W. MAHON «fc CO..
At 111 Bay Street, Savannah, Georgia,
Per Copy Five Cents.
Per Hundred $3 60.
Per Year . ,«£ *lO 00. .
Two Dollars per Square of Ten Lines for first in
sertion ; One Dollar lor each subsequent one. Ad
vertisements inserted in the morning, will, if desired,
appear in the evening without extra charge.
In every style, neatly and promptly done.
FACTORS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
Robert Erwin, Chas. S. Hardee,
QEWI9 L. JONES,
SHIPPING,AND COMMISSION MERCHANT,
Sio IT Broadway , Hew York.
Liberal advances on Shipments to above Consign
ment, made by
HUNTER & GAMMELL,
Agents Pioneer Line Steamships.
81 Bay Street, Savannah.
Reference in New York—
Messrs. SpofFobp, Tileston & Cos.
may2C y , , y
QUARLES L. COLBY & CO.
SHIPPING, COMMISSION AND FORWARDING
joneV'baook, cornea Bay and auercorn streets,
LIBERAL CASH ADVANCES
Made on Consignments to the firm of Chas. L. Colby,
of New York, or to our friends In Boston.
A. H. IIOLWAY, Resident Partner.
Messrs. Dabney, Morgan & Cos., New York.
Jarirs Slade, Esq., New York.
' Horn J Wiley Edinaiids, Boston.
Gardner Colby, Esq., Boston. may!3—tf
ON NEW YORK.
FOR SALE BY
ap2o if J 93 Bay street,
STEELE & BURBANK,
** ■' Hilton Head, S. C.
Call the attention of Wholesale and Retail purchasers
to their superior stock of
MILITARY AND NAVAL CLOTHING
Watches, Clocks, Fancy Goods, Jewelry, and Plated
Ware,Swords, Sashes, Belts, Embroideries, Boots, Caps
Fi Glasses, Gauntlets Gloves, &c., &c., &c.
The undersigned haye this day formed a co-partner
ship under the firm name of Charles L. Colov <ft Cos,
for the transaction of business as Shipping," Commis
sion and Forwarding Merchants.
CHARLES L. COLBY,
ALEXANDER H. HOLWAY,
Savannah. Qa„ May 10th, 1865. ts mayl7
RW. CAMPBELL, VETERINARY SURGEON
• having reopened his office and yard, on Wil
liam street, is now prepared to treat (on scientific
all diseases incident to Horses that are
susceptible of remedy. Charges moderate. Cures
warranted. Terms cash feblG ts
Bakery & confectionery establish -
MENT AT BEAUFORT.
We respectfully call the attention of the public to
our Bakery & Confectionery Establishment in Sam.
A. Cooley’s Building at Beaufort, at which we are
prepared promptly to fill any orders which may be for
warded to ns. Special attention is paid to the man
ufacture of Ornamental Pieces, Fancy Coufectionery,
and Elegant Pastry, for holidav or.’ e6tivai tables.
Feb. 3-ts McMANUS & MURRAY.
un mi ■ ■ ■ . u— ,
Citizens interested, are called upon to notice partic
ularly the following instructions iu reference to their
Ration Tickets for the next week. N
All persons absolutely needy will apply for Tickets
at the “Relief Committee Rooms,” in the Exchange,
in the following order, viz:
district no. 1. '
Extending from Bay street, south, to South Broad
street, aud Irom Bull street, east, (including Magazine
Ward], to the city limits. Citizens of this District wil.
be served on Monday and next. White fam
ilies will be served fiom 9 a. m. to lqi. m. Colored
families from 4 p. tn. to 0 p. m.
district no. 2.
Lying east or Bull street and south of South Broad
street, extending to the city limits. Will be served on
Wednesday and Thursday. Whites from 9a.m. to 1
p. m. ; colored from 4 to ti p. m.
district no. 3.
Lying between Bay street and South Broad street,
and irom Bull street, west, to West Broad street. -
Will be served on Friday. Whites from 9 a,m.
p. m,; colored from 4to6p. m.
district no. 4.
Lying between Bull and West Broad streets, and
from South Broad street, south, to the city limits.
Will be served on Saturday and Monday, May 7th.
Whites irom 9a. m. to lp.m.; colored from 4 to 0
DISTRICT NO. 5.
Yamacraw—extending from the river, south, to
New street, between West Broad street anil the canaL
Will be served on Tuesday and Wednesday, the Bth
and 9th May. Whites from 9a.m.to Ip. m.; color
ed from 4 to 0 p m.
district no. 6.
Robertsville. Will be ’served on Thursday, May
10th. Whites from 9a.m.to Ip. m.: colored from 4
to 0 p. m.
JJKOVUbT COURT NOTICE. *
On and after this date, the First Provost Court, Ist
Lieut. Ebeu Parsons, Jr., Judge, will be held at the
b.B. Court House, corner of Bull and Bay streets.
The Second Provost Court, Capt. James M. Walton,
Judge, will be held in the room ever Adams’ Express
Co.’s office, corner Bay and Drayton streets.
The respective jurisdictions are fixed by Genend
Order No. 0,, and all parties having business beto<«
Courts will govern themselves accordingly.
by order, PROVOST JIJ JJGES.
OLD newspapers, '
FOR WRAPPING PAPER*
For sale at the
SAVANNAH HERALD OFFICE
NO. 11l BAY STREET. f
SAVANNAH, GA., THURSDAY, JUNE 1, 1865.
feoobs anb Clothing.
H. A. TOPHAM,
ISB CONGRESS STREET, SAVANNAH, GA.
NO. T MERCHANTS’ SOW, HILTON HEAD,
Calls the attention of Wholesale and Retail purchasers
to his superior Stock of
MILITARY, NAVAL and CITIZENS’ CLOTHING,
* GENTS’ FURNISHING GOODS
For sale at the Lowest Market price.
Additions to Stock received by every Steamer from
New York. may2s-20t
£ V eT
GENTLEMEN’S FURNISHING EMPORIUM,
Corner Bull Street and Bay Lane,
Opposite Post Office, •
SAVANNAH, G A .
A FULL AND COMPLETE ASSORTMENT’ OF FINE
Hats, caps, clothing,
TOILET A RTICLES, Arc.
Q C. NORVELL & Cos!
CORNER BULL’AND BAY STREETS,
HAVE JUST RECEIVED
THE LARGEST AND MOST COMPLETE STOCK;
•> • OF—
DRY GOODS, CLOTHING, BOOTS AND SHOES,
HATS AND CAP&
EVER OFFERED IN THIS MARKET,-
\ Which will be sold
AT WHOLESALE AND RETAIL,
UPON THE MOST FAVORABLE TERMS.
Lawns, latest styles,
Bareges, all kinds,
Crape Maretz. all colors,
THIS DEPARTMENT IS COMPLETE IN ALL ITS DETAILS.
Ladies' and Gents’ Black and Colored Kids, best make.
Lisle, all colors.
Silk, all colors,
* Fillet Mfcs.
Linen Cambric, Hemstitched,
Gents’ Printed Borders,
Ladies' Black and White Silk,
Ladies’ Black and White Cotton,
Misses' Black and White Cotton,
Children’s Black and White Cotton,
Ladies’ and Misses’ Gauze Merino Vests,
Gents’ Merino Vests.
UMBRELLAS AND PARASOLS.
Bonnet and Belt, all kinds.
B O N N E T S
White,Black and Colored Straw and Braid Bonnetß
Ladies’ Misses’ and Children’s Flats, in great va
A full assortment of Gents’ aad Boys’ Hats.
FANS’ IN EVERY VARIETY.
LAROE AND WELL ASSORTED STOCK OF - LACHES’
AND OENTS’ SHOES.
Linen and Cassimere Summer Suits,
A Foil assortment of Military Dress and Fatigae
Just received from New York a fine Invoice of
Suitable for the Southern Trade, which will be sold at
reasc nuble prices, or exchanged for Rice or Cotton.
Address, B. J.,
may3l-2t Savannah P. O.
gTRAW GOODS! * '
A well selected and desirable invoice of Straw Goods,
suitable lor the Southern trade, for sale on reasonable
terms. Address, B. J.,
may3l-2t Savannah P. O.
jy£ OSQU IT O NETTING,
may2fl L. C. NORVELL & CO’S, x
OFFICE SUPERVISOR OF TRADE,
Savannah, May 24th, IBCS.
I am instructed by Genet al Orders No. 11, Headqnar
tens District of Savannah, April 23d, ISCS, to collect a
tax of 3 pe» cent, upon au'l incomes of six hundred
(sooo] and upwards, from Heal Estate.
All persons whose incomes from this source exceed
six handrid ($600) dollars p* r annum, will be required
to make u return of such prq perty and incomes imme
diately, tor the month of Mu/.
Blank returns for this purpose may be had on appli
cation at this office. . . ...
- (Sigacd) ALFRED NEAFIE,
Lt. Col. a) id Supervisor of Trade.
FIRE AND MARINE INSURANCE AGENCY.
Insurance onall deseriptious of Property here, or on
tl* Ocean, or Inland btovigatiou. can be obtained, in
three of the largest Firl and Marine Companies in the
CKyofNew Yoifc Rt rates, by applying to
i A. A. LANK, Agent.
: . Office in gqrell’| Building, Ball st, up stairs.
Savannah, May 31,18® may3l-7t
O fTfe A N~,*- ftivEß. FIRE.
The undessigned Bold AJtniuts«ions from the leading
Insurance Corporations hi New York, representing
an aggregate cash Capital ol over
F’IVE MlLDtOjfe OF DOLLARS,
and are prepared to isAe Policies to cover Fifty
Thousand Dollars on one application upon
Fire Risks at Savamah and inland towns.
Cotton and Merchandise—in transit on
the Augusta and Macon Rivers,
and Ocean Risks generally.
r ROMP T SETTLEMENT OF LOSSES,
L: C. NORVELL & CO.,
may29 —i Bnll street, opposite Post Office.
Q O LIT M BI A N
(MARINE] INSURANCE COMPANY
CASH CAPITAL 2. $3,500,000.
The undersigned are preparecWo Insure under Open
Policy from the above CompanVflo the extent of SIOO,-
000 in property in any ftrat <jjjjss Steamer, and from
$50,000 to $75,000 on any first cl As sailing vessel, on
the most favdrable New York teriis.
For further particulars apply tot
CHARLES L. OOLBY & CO
Jones Block, corner Bay and AJrercorn streets,
maylS ts Savannah, Ga.
Headers District of Savannah, )
Savannah, Ga., May 26, 1865. \
Gknkrai. Orders, >
No. 24. * )
The following General Order is republish
ed for the information of all concerned:
Headqr’s, Department of mie South, )
Hilton Head, 8. C., In 15, 1865.)
No, 63. J 4
I. The proclamation of A. fi. Magrath,
styling himself Governor, of So|th Carolina,
dt®ed at Headquarters, Columbia. South
Carolina, May 2d, 18C5, declaring that all sub
sistence Btores and the property* of the Con
federate States within the limits of the State
should be turned over and accounted for by
the Agents of the State, appointed for that
purpose, and directing that the subsistence
and other stores shall be used for the relief of
the people of the State ; and the proclama
tion of Joseph E. Brown, styling himselfGov-'
ernor of Georgia, dated at the capitol of that
State, on the 3d day of May, 1865, requiring
the officers and members of the General As
sembly to meet in extraordinary session at
the Capitol in Milledgeville on Monday, the
22d day of May, 1865 ; and the proclamation
of A. K. Allison, styling himself Acting Gov
ernor of Florida, dated at Tallahassee, on the
Bth day of April 18G5, giving notice and di
rection that an election will be held on Wed
nesday, the 7th day of June, 1865, for Gov
ernor of the State of Florida ; are, each and
all of them, declared null and void, it having
become known to me, from trustworthy in
formation, that the aforesaid A. G. Magrath,
Joseph E. Brown, and A. K. Allison, are dis
loyal to the United States, having committed
sundry and divers acts of treason against the
same, in adhering to their enemies, giving
-hem aid and comfort.
The persons and peoples, to whom the
proclamations hereinabove referred to have
been respectively addressed, are therefore
enjoined and commanded to give no heed
whatever thereto, or to any orders, procla
mations, commissions, or commands, emana
ting from persons claiming the right to exer
cise the functions and authority of Governor
in either ot the States of South Carolina,
Georgia, or Florida, unless the same shall
have been promulgated by the advice or
consent of the United States authorities.
11. The policy and wishes of the general
government towards the people of these
States, and the method which should be pur
sued by them in resuming or assuming the
exercise of their political rights, will doubt
less be made known at an early day.
It is deemed sufficient, meanwhile, to an
nounce that the people of the black race are
free citizens of the United States, that it is
the fixed intention of a wise and beneficent
government to protect them in the enjoy
ment of their freedom and the fruits of their
industry, and that it is the manifest and
binding duty of all citizens, whites as well
as blacks, to make such arrangements and
agreements among themselves, lor compen
sated labor, as shall be mutually advan
tageous to all parties. Neither idleness nor
vagrancy will be tolerated, and the govern
ment will not extend pecuniary aid to any
persons, whether white or black, who are
unwilling to help themselves.
111. District and Post Commanders
throughout this Department will at once
cause this order to be circulated far and wide,
by special couriers or otherwise, and will
take such steps to secure its enforcement as
may by them be deemed necessary.
Q. A. Gillmore,
T. D. Hodges,
Capt. 35th U. S. C. TANARUS., Act. Asst. Adj’tGen’l.
The Commanding Officers of the Defences
of Savannah, Post of Augusta, Fort Pulaski,
and detached commands will see that the
above order is circulated, not only within the
limits .ot their respective commands but
throughout the adjacent country.
By command of
Brevet Maj. Gen. GROVER.
Oliver Matthews, A. A. G.
may 27—7 t
MINI'S MERCHANT’S MAGAZINE! FJR
This number contains a well written bi
ographical sketch of President Lincoln, by
Mathew Hale Smith, accompanied by a cap
ital engraving. The first article entitled
“Physical Features of the Oil Region,"’ by
Professor E. W. Evan 9, Marietta College is a
highly satisfactory and scientific description
of the geological features of those sections of
the country denominated the Oil Region
The second paper, on “Rail Way accidents, ’
is a highly instructive article. »
The Coal Fever, by E. C. Conant, explains
the cause of the increasing high prices of
this great mineral staple, and shows an
intimate knowledge of the cole j.
“The House of Hapsbury in merica, by
Professor Andrew Ten Broek, r ki continu
ation, and presents a surcint n ILS, iye. The
of the article is the as
sumption by Maximilian of .overeignly
of Mexico, and is opposed tc our enforce
ment of the Monroe Doctrine. '
“The Law of Place where, the contract is
made,” is discussed under the head of com
The Commercial Chronicle and Review
presents au able and comprehensive course
of the commercial and financial events of
the last month.
The Journal of Banking, Currency and Fi
nance is a record of especial value to those
concerned in banking, as well as to staticiana
generally. We cannot say that we concur
in the views expressed iu relation to the de
finition of money. The author follows the
description of some of those economists who
have defined money to be “ any 2.:*y that ef
fects exchanges ” of commodities. Tillß would
exclude all idea of intrinsic value, the essen
tial property of money. The writer quotes
the authority, among others, of Tooke and
Mill in support of this proposition. We are
of opinion that if the opinions of these econ
omists are scrutinized, it will be found ad
verse to this definition ; but if it were other
wise, the weight of authority is in fwor of
the proposition that nothing is money that
does not possess intrinsic value, although the
functions of currency are not denied to those
various representatives or substitutes for
money consisting of bank notes, bills of ex
change, bank checks, &c. Os this opinion
is Chevelier, Wilson, Gamier, Huskisson and
many others. •
The remainder of this useful publication
contains a VaTUty of the statistics of trade
FItOJI COLUMBIA, S. C.
Arrest of Governor Magrath*
His Address to the People of the
[From the Charleston Courier 27th ult.]
Lieut George C. Breck, Third New York
Artillery, who was sent with a detachment
of fifteen men on a mission to Columbia, S.
C., arrived iu this city at seven o’clock Satur
day evening with ex-Governor A.G.Magrath.
The latter, on his arrival was immediately
driven in a carriage from the rail road depot
to the steamer Anna Maria, which soon after
left for Hilton Head. The Governor on the
route was in good spirits, and took his arrest
as a matter of course.
Lieut. Breck deserves the highest credit for
the successful performance of his mission.
On his first arrival in Columbia he took up
his quarters in the College Campus, aud met
with a very kind and hospitable reception
from the citizens. From reports which he
had received of a bitter feeling still existing
iu the interior he had been led to expect, with
his small guard, some demonstration of hos
tility. He, however, kept on, and, reaching
Columbia, delivered Gen.Gillmore’s despatch
es to Governor Magrath s Secretary, the Gov
ernor having left on a visit to his family at
A courier was despatched after him, but
not returning, Lieutenant Breck, after wait
ing a short time for an answer started on his
return. Upon reaching Oiaugeburg he
lound despatches from General Hatch, or
dering him to return and arrest A. G. Ma
grath. He immediately started back, and
on his second arrival lound the Governor
awaiting him, having already issued a proc
lamation recalling his order in relation to
the subsistence stores, and an address to the
people of South Carolina, and indicating his
authority as Fxecutive of the State. The
Governor surrendered himself to Lieutenaut
Breck without any exhibition of a desire to
We are indebted to Lieutenant Breck for
copies of the Phoenix of the 24th and 25th
instant, the latter containing the address to
the people. The following is a copy :
Executive Department, "»
Coi.umaia, May 22, 1865. >
To the People of South Carolina :
I have this day received information of an
order issued by Major-General Q. A. Gill
more. I deem it proper, without delay, to
present to you for your information, such
portions thereof as affect me and concern
you ; because they create for you a conflict
with the forces of the United States, which
can only be avoided by my forbearance to
exercise the functions of the Executive De
partment of the State.
[Here follows General Gillmore"s order in
relation to the rebel Governors of South Car
olina, Georgia and Florida. ] .
I cannot, under all the circumstances
which surround you, expose you to the con
sequences which will be produced because
of any effort on my part—fruitless, if not
mischievous, as it must be—to exercise those
functions which you iu your confidence have
committed to me. Nor am I willing that,
without such consequences to you, while in
the Executive Chair ©f the State, shall I be
PRICE, 6 CENTS
held forth to the world charged with crime’;
without the most positive declaration, that I
am ready to meet and repel it, wherever and
by whomsoever made.
In that peculiar condition of our affairs,
which is now disclosed to you, I feel that my
duty, whether considered in regard to my9eff
as your Executive, or to you as a people
whose welfare is dear to me, is at once plain
aud imperative. I will not introduce within
this State discord or contention. I will not
allow myself to furnish the occasion by
which a single atom of suffei ing can be added
to that load which now weighs so heavily
upon you. I will not give opportunity for
conflict between the Government of this State
and'the Government of the United States.
The functions, therefore, of the Executive are
suspended by me from this day.
I nder other ciroumstaiic6s and at other
times, I would pause iu doing that which I
now do without hesitation:and with a perfect,
conviction that it is due to you that it should
be done, The exercise of the executive pow-.
er in the proclamation of the 2d May, 1865,
which was complained of, has been rectified
and the proclamation recalled. Before my
letter was received containing the explana
tion of the circumstances which led to the
proclamation, these orders have been issued;
in which because of “trustworthy informa
tion” ot “disloyalty” and “sundry and divers
acts of treason,” the iunctions of the Gover
nor of the State are suspended and his au
thority denied. To exercise my functions
in the face of these orders, is to invoke force
to sustain me in opposition to that which
will be displayed against me. Such a contest
could have but one result while to those
in the State who would give their support to
the Executive, must come penalties and suf
fering, without the possibility of advantage.
Whatever, therefore, may be the feeling
which belongs to me as a man or a citizen,
in a case like this where conviction precedes
the hearing, and sentence comes before the
trial; I feel that it becomes me to be mindful
of ihe considerations which involve your
peace and affect your welfare. I have said
to you before, 1 say to you now, the war sis
over, hostilities have ceased: and it is your
duty to forbear opposition which is hopeless
—contest which is unavailing-—and reconcile
to yourselves that submission which the Gov
ernment of the United States can impose,
and you cannot resist.
While the considerations which I have now ,
expressed lead me to this forbearance in the
exercise of the functions of the Executive
Department of the State, I owe it to myself,
to you, to the State, the Legislature of which,
according to the Constitution of this State,
elected me the Governor of the State, to
make my jprotest against the power claimed
and exercised by Gen. Gillmore. It involve*
a question which concerns not alone this
State, but all the States of the United Slates.
It affirms a principle which it is not neces
sary now for me to dWcuss. **
Whatever may be youi oohrtiflrm, rttfoViif
ing resistance on yoiir part will hut make it -
worse. With an earnestness"of the sincerity
of which I need not give you assurance, t
urge upon you the resitmptida of your peace
ful pursuits, and the adaptation of yourselves
to those changes which may be made in your
condition. Do not he misled by excitement;
g"ve no heed to passion; deal resolutely with
cts; look the > truth calmly in the face;
spill no more blood; accept with thedignity
which even misfortune can command, the
condition which you canuot avert.
In thus suspending the active exercise of
the duties ot my office, I do so with the
most earnest wish that your sufferings may
soon find mitigation and relief: that you
may retrieve the waste and loss of prosperi
ty which you have endured in the progress
of the war, and that you may experience
those blessings, intellectual, social and
moral, which, under the favor of God, were
the great ends which I desired to accom
plish. To have succeeded in these would
have secured to me a reward, the richest
and only inheritance which I could have left
to my children.
Witli regard to myself, so far as I am af
fected by the charges which are made
against me, I am ready to answer to them
or to any of them. At any time or place,
when or where my presence may be de
sired of required for investigation, I shall be,
if notified thereof, with the least pos
sible delay. Whatever I have said, I believe
to be true; whatever I have doue, I believe
to be right. And with this consciousnes of
the rectitude of my purpose and of the in
tegrity of my conduct, I shall not avoid,
delay or hinder the closest scrutiny that can
To you, among whom I was born ; to yofi,
with whom my whole life has been spent; to
you, whose confidence I have enjoyed; to
you, whose testimony I feel I could well iu-.
voke for my conduct, I have but to express
the pain which this condition of the State
has cost me, aud to wish you all the happi
ness which a.people are ever permitted to
enjoy. . , A. G. Magrath.
The 25tlr Ohio regiment, Lieutenant Col.
Ilaughton, arrived at Columbia Thursday
evening. They are to constitute the perma
nent post garrison of Columbia. The Phce
nix, noticing the> arrival of these troops,
“With their arrival, we learn that Gov.
Magrath has been notified that he is under
arrest, on the charge of high treason, and
that he will take his departure this day, via
Charleston, for the city of Washington.”
We are indebted to Captain J. R Gillmore,
of General Gillmore’s Staff, who has just ar
rived from Columbia, for the Phoenix of tbe
26th and 27th instant. They contain nothing
ot special interest.
Hon. T. J. Goodwin had resigued his office
as Mayor of the city of Columbia, and J. G.
Gibbs, Esq., was elected to.fill bis place.
The Phoenix of Friday, 26th inst., says:
Governor Magrath was arrested and taken
off in an ambulance, under the escort of a
lieutenant and two soldiers, about 2 P. M.
yesterday. . Jhe great body of the most res
pectable citizens waited upon him during the
morning, before his departure, expressing
their sympathy and respect. That such an
arrest should take place in the capital of
South Carolina,.and in the case ot its Execu
tive, should be conclusive _as to the complete
moral and physical prostration of the ebuntry.