SAVANNAH DAILY HERALD.
VOL. I—NO. 119.
The Savannah Daily Herald
(MORNING AND EVENING)
IS rii HUSHED BY
8. W. MASON «fc -CO..
At 111 Bat Street, Savannah, Georgia.
Per Copy .. .Five Ceuta.
Per Hundred $3 60.
per Year...' $lO 00.
Two Dollars per Square of Ten Lines for first in
sertion ; One Dollar for each subsequent one. Ad
vertisements inserted in the morning, will, if desired,
appear in the evening without extra charge.
In every style, neatly and promptly done.
P M BRUCE.
‘dealer exclusively in cotton.
FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC EXCHANGE,
The undersigned has made every arrangement to
resume his commercial pursuits so soon as trade res
trictions are removed. I will be prepared to receive,
store, insure, compress, ship, sell or purchase Cotton,
and make advances on shipments to any markets in
the United States or Europe.
I respectfully invite correspondence, samples and
shipments by both Planters and Merchants, assuring
all that they can rely upon prompt responses and the
E. M. BRUCE.
I refer to Merchants generally throughout the U. S.
and to Members of Congress. jn3-I‘2t
Qj_ ADEN & UNCKLES.
GENERAL PRODUCE- AND COMMISSION MER
CHANTS, AND WHOLESALE DEALERS
GROCERIES, PROVISIONS. Ac*.,
CORNER OF HAY AND BARNARD STREETS,
Highest market rates paid for Cotton, W 001, Hides
&c., and liberal cash advances made on shipments to
our New York house, jo.t-1 m
AGENTS FOR iSRAEi. R. SEAI.Y,
Wholesale Dealers in
ALES, WINES and IMPORTED LIQUORS,
Os all Kinds and Qualities.
No. 5, MERCHANTS’ ROM',
Hii.ton Head, S. C
BOOKSELLERS AND STATIONERS.
HILTON HEAD, S. C.,
CORNER HKYAN STREET AND MARKET SQUARE,
pBWIN & HARDER.
FACTORS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
Robert Erwin, Ciias. S. Hardee,
J EWI9 L. JONES.
SHIPPING AND COMMISSION MERCHANT,
A'o 17 Broadway , A'eto York.
Liberal advances on Shipments to above Consign
ment, made by
HUNTER & GAMMELL.
Agents Pioneer Line Steamships.
34 Bay Street, Savannah.
Reference in New York—
Messrs. Spoeford, Tii.eston & Cos.
QUARLES L. COLBY CO.
SHIPPING, COMMISSION AND FORWARDING
JONES BLOCK, CORNER BAY AND ABERCORN STREETS,
LIBERAL CASH ADVANCES
Made on Consignments to the firm of Chas. L. Colby,
of New York, or to our friends in Boston.
A. H. nOLM’AY, Resident Partner.
Messrs. Dabney, Morgan & Cos., New York.
Jarive Slade, Esq., New York.
Hon. J Wiley Edmunds, Boston.
Gardner Colby, Esq., Boston. may IS—ts
Hilton Head, S. C.
Call the attention of Wholesale and Retail purchasers
to their superior stock of
MILITARY AND NAVAL CLOTHING
Watches, Clocks, Fancy Goods, Jewelry, and Plated
Ware,Swords, Sashes, Belts, Embroideries,Boots, Caps
Fi Glasses. Gauntlets Gloves. <tec.. <fcc., Ac.
The undersigned have this day formed a co-partner
ship under the firm name of Charles L. Coloy A Cos.,
for the transaction of business as Shipping, Commis
sion and Forwarding Merchants.
CHARLES L. COLBY,
ALEXANDER 11. HOLM'AY,
Savannah. oa., May Kith, 10)5. ts maylt
RM\ CAMPBELL, VETERINARY SURGEON
• having icopcned his office and yard, on M’il
liam street, is now prepared to treat (on scientific
principles.) all diseases incident to Horses that are
susceptible of remedy. Charges moderate. Cures
warranted. Terms cash. feblG ts
Baker \ &~confrctjoner if Esf ABUKii-
MENT AT BEAUFORT.
M e respectfully call the attention of the public to
our Bakery A Confectionery Establishment m Sam.
A. Cooley’s Building at Beaufort, at which we are
prepared promptly to till any orders which may be for
warded to ns. Special attention is paid to the man
uiacture of Ornamental Pieces. Fancy Confectionery,
and Elegant Pastry, for holiday on' estival tables.
* eh- a-ts McManus a Murray.
new vork. L '
FOR SALE BY
- If S3 Bay street.
To families by the quart or gallon, at
O’MEARA A CO’S
mL24 over Adams’ Express Office, Bay street.
[From our Extra of' Saturday Evening.]
Latest News From the North.
Dates TO THE 30ih,
ARRIVAL OF THE TRISTRAM SHANDY.
Seddon, R. M. T. Hunter and Judge Camp
bell at .Fort Pulaski*
By the arrival of the gunboat Tristram
Shandy, froor Fortress Monroe, May 31st,
M-e have dates to the 30th.
The Tristram Shandy brought down Ex-
Secretary of War Seddon, R. M. T. Hunter,
and Judge Campbell, who are now' confined
iu Fort Pulaski.
THE TERMS OF PARDON
FOR THE REBELS.
PRES’T JOHNSON’S TREAT
MENT OF TRAITORS.
Who are to be Restored to Citi
zenship and who are to
All Civil Officers of the Confederate
States, and all Military or
STaval Officers above the
Rank of Colonel in the
Army, and Xiieut.
in the Navy,
Excluded from its Benefits.
No Pardon for Rebel Governors,
Ex-IJ. S. Congressmen and
Judges, Renegade West
rates or Raiders.
No Hope for Persons who Have 111-Treated
lulled States Prisoners.
All Voluntary Rebels with Over Twenty
Thousand Dollars of Taxable
HOW A PARDON MAY BE OBTAINED.
SPECIAL APPLICA TION TO BE MADE
■TO THE PRESIDENT,
&c., &c., &c.
By the President of the United States of
Whereas, The President of the United
States on the eighth day ot December, A. D.,
eighteen hundred and sixty-three, and on the
twenty-sixth day of March, A. D., eighteen
hundred and sixty-four, did, with the ob
ject to suppress the existing rebellion, to in
duce ail persons to return to their loyalty,
and to restore the authority of the United
States, issue proclamations offering amnesty
and pardon to certain persons who had di
rectly or by implication participated in the
And w’bereas, Many persons who had so
engaged in said rebellion, have, since the is
suance of said proclamations, failed or ne
glected to take the benefits pffered thereby;
And whereas, many persons who have
been justly deprived of all claim to amnesty
and pardon thereunder, by reason of their
participation directly dr by implication iu
said rebellion and continued hostility to the
Government of the United States since the
date of said proclamations, now r desire to ap
ply for and obtain amnesty and pardon.
To the end therefore that the authority of
the Government of the United States may be
restored, and that peace, order and freedom
may be established, I, Andrew Johnson,
President of the United States, do proclaim
and declare that I herewith grant to all per
sona who have directly or indirectly partici
pated in the existing rebellion, except as
hereinafter excepted, amnesty and pardon,
with restoration of all rights of property, ex
cept as to slaves; and except in cases where
legal proceedings under the latvs of the Uni
ted States providing for the confiscation of
property of persons engaged iu rebellion
have been instituted. But upon the condi
tion, nevertheless, that every such person
shall take and subscribe to the following oath
or affirmation, and thenceforward keep and
maintain said oath inviolate, and which oath
shall be registered lor permanent preserva
tion, and shall be of the tenor and effect fol
I, , do solemnly swear, or affirm, in
the presence of Almighty God, that I will
henceforth faithfully support, protect and
defend the Constitution of the United States,
and the Union of the States thereunder,
and that I will, in like manner, abide by and
faithfully support all laws and proclamations
which have been made during the existiug
rebellion with retercnce to the emancipation
of slaves, so help me God.
The follow ing class of persons are except
ed from the benefits of this proclamation:
Ist. All who are or shall have been pre
tended civil or diplomatic officers,or otherwise
domestic or foreign agents of the pretended
2d. All who left judicial stations under the
United States to aid the rebellion.
3d. All who shall have been military or
naval officers of said pretended Confederate
Government above the rank of Colonel in
the army or Lieutenant in the navy.
4th. All who left seats in the Congress of
the United States to aid the rebellion.
sth. All who resigued or tendered resigna
tions of their commissions in the army or
navy of the United States to evade duty in
resisting the rebellion.
SAVANNAH, GA., MONDAY, JUNE 5, 1865.
6th. All who have engaged in any way iu
treating otherwise than lawfully, as prison
ers of war, persons found iu the United
States service as officers, soldiers, seamen, or
iu any other capacity.
7th. All persons who have been or are ab
sentees lrom the United States for the pur- ,
pose of aiding the rebellion.
Btli. All military and naval officers in the I
Rebel service who were educated by the !
Government in the Military Academy at
West Point, or the United Stalts Naval
9th. All persons who held the pretended
offices of Governors of States in insurrection
against the United States.
10th. All persons who left their homes
within the jurisdiction and protection of the
United States, and passed beyond the Fede
ral military lines into the so-called Confede
rate States for the purpose of aiding the re
•11th. All persons who have been engaged
in the destruction of the commerce of the
United States upon the high seas, and all
persons who have made raids into the Unit
ed States from Canada, or been engaged iu
destroying the commerce of the United
States upon the lakes and rivers that sepa
rate the British Provinces from the United
12th. All persons who, at the time when
they seek to obtain the benefits hereof by
taking the oath herein prescribed are in mili
tary, naval, or civil confinement or custody,
or under bonds of the civil, military or naval
authorities, or ageuts of the United States,
or prisoners of war, or persons detained for
offences of any kind, either before or after
13th. All persons who have voluntarily
participated in said rebellion, and the esti
mated value of whose taxable property is
over twenty thousand dollars.
14th. All persons who have taken the Oath
of Amnesty, as prescribed iu the President's
Proclamation of December Bth, A. D., 18C3,
or an oath of allegiance to the Government
of the United States since the date of said
pioclamation, and who have not thencefor
ward kept and maintained the same invio
Provided, that special application may be
made to the President for pardon by any
person belonging to the excepted classes, and
such clemency will be liberally extended as
may be consistent with the facts of the cases
and the peace and dignity of the United
The Secretary of State will establish rules
and regulations for administering and record
ing the Amnesty Oath r so as to insure its
benefit to the people and guard the Govern
ment against the fraud.
In testimony wherereof I have hereun
to set my hand and caused the seal of the
United States to be fixed.
[r.. s.] Done at the city of Washington,
the tw’enty-ninth day of May, in the year of
our Lord one thousand eight hundred And
sixty-fivef and of the Independence of the
United States the eighty-ninth.
By the President: V
Wm. H. Seward, Secretary of State.
Reconstruction in North Carolina*
State Government Established.
HOLDEN APPOINTED GOVERNOR BY PRESI
CONVENTION TO BE CALLED.
Voters to Take the Amnesty Oath.
Slavery Virtually Abolished.
UNITED STATES COURT OPENED.
Snell Htate to Decide In Hegard
to Negro Sull'rage.
By- tlie President of the United States of
Whereas, the fourth section of the fourth
article of the Constitution of the United States,
declares that the United States shall guaran
tee to every State in the Union a republican
form of government, and shall protect each
of them against invasion and domestic vio
Whereas, the President of the United
States, is, by the Constitution,made Comman
der-in-Chief of the Army and Navy, as well
as Chief Civil Executive Officer of the United
States, and is bound by solemn oath faith
fully to execute the office of President of the
United States, and to take care that the laws
be faithfully executed.
And whereas, The rebellion which has
been w'aged by a portion of the people of the
United States against tlie properly constitut
ed*authorities of the Government thereof,
in the most violeat and revolting form, but
whose organized and armed forces have
now been almost entirly overcome, lias
in its revolutionary progress, deprived
the people of the State of North Carolina of
all civil Government.
And whereas, It becomes necessary and
proper to carry out and enforce the obliga
tions of the U uited States to the people of
North Carolina in securing them to tlie en
joyment of a republican form of Govern
Therefore, in obedience to the high and so
lemn duties imposed upon me by the Consti
tution of the United States, and for the pur
pose of enabling the loyal people of said
State to organize a State Government, where
by justice may be established, domestic tran
quility enjoyed, and loyal citizens protected
in all tlieir rights, of life, liberty and proper
ty, I, Andrew Johnson, President of the Uni
ted States and Commandcr-in-Chief oi the
Army and Navy of the United States, do
hereby appoint William W. Holden, Provis
ional Governor of tlie State of North Caro
lina, whose duty it shall be at the earliest
practicable period, to prescribe such rules
and regulations as may be necessary and
proper for convening a Convention com
posed of delegates chosen by that por
tion of the people of said State who
are loyal to the United Slates, and no
others, for the purpose of altering or
amending the Constitution thereof, ant] with
authority to exercise within the limits of said
State all the powers necessary and proper
to enable such loyal people of the State of
North Carolina to restore' said State to ks
constitutional relations to the Federal Gov
ernment, and to present such a Republican
form of State Government as will entitle the
State to the guarantee of the United States
therefor, and its people to protection by the
United States, against invasion, insurrection
and domestic violence; provided that in any
election that may be hereafter held for ckos
ing delegates to any State Convention, as
aforesaid, no person shall be qualified as an
elector, or shall lie eligible as a member of
such convention, unless he shall have pre
viously taken and subscribed to the Oath of
Amnesty, as set forth in the President's Pro
clamation of May 29, A. I)., 1865, and is a
voter qualified as prescribed by the Constitu
tion and laws of the State of North Carolina
in force immediately" before the 20th day of
May, A. D., 1861—the date of the so-called
ordinance of Secession—and the said con
vention, when convened, or the Legislature
that may be thereafter assembled, will pre
scribe the qualification of electors and the
eligibility of persons to hold office under the
Constitution and laws of the State, a power
the people of the several States composing
the Federal Union have righteously exercis
ed from the origin of the Government to the
present time. And Ido hereby direct,
First, That the Military Commander of the
Department and all officers and persons in
tlie military and naval service aid and assist
the said Provisional Governor in carrying
into effect this proclamation, and they
are enjoined to abstain from in any way
hindering, impeding or discouraging the loyal
people from the organization of a State Gov
ernment as herein authorized.
Second, That the Secretary of State pro
ceed to put in force all laws of the United
States, the administration whereof belongs to
the Slate Department,- applicable to the geo
graphical limits aforesaid.
Third, That the Secretary of the Treasury
proceed to nominate for appointm. it Asses
sors of Taxes, Collectors of Customs, and
Internal Revenue and such other officers of
the Treasury Department as are authorized
by law, and put in execution the revenue
laws of the United States, within the geo
graphical limits aforesaid. In making ap
pointments the preference shall be given
qualified loyal persons residing within the
districts where their respective duties are to
be performed; but if suitable residents of the
district shall not be found, then persons resid
ing in other States or districts shall be ap
Fourth, That the Postmaster General pro
ceed to establish post offices and post routes,
and put into execution the postal laws of the
United States within the said State, giving
to loyal residents the preference of appoint
ment, but if suitable residents are not found
there, to appoint 1 agents, &c., from other
Fifth, That the District Jndge for the Ju
dicial District iu which North Carolina is in
cluded proceed to hold courts within the
said State in accordance with the provisions
of the act of Congress. The Attorney General
will instruct the propei officers to libel and
bring to judgment, confiscation and stile,
property subject to confiscation, and enforce
the administration of justice within said State
in all matters within the cognizance and ju
risdiction of the Federal courts.
Sixth, That the Secretary of the Navy
take possession of all public property belong
ing to the Navy Department within said geo
graphical limits, and put in operation all acts
of Congress in relation to Naval Affairs hav
ing application to the said State.
Seventh, That the Secretary of the Inte
rior put into active force the laws relating to
the Interior Department applicable to the
geographical limits aforesaid.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set
my hand and caused the seal of the United
States to be affixed.
Done at the city of Washington, this 29th
day of May, in the year of our Lord
one thousand eight hundred and
£d. s.] sixty-five, and of the independence
of the United States the eighty
ninth. Andrew Johnson.
By- the President:
Wm. H. Seward,
Secretary of State.
IMPORTANT OPINION OF ATTORNEY GEN
The Amnesty Proclamation Judicially
Washington, May 29.
Attorney General Speed has given an elab
orate opinion in response to President John
son’s letter of the 21st of April last. He ar
gues that the right and power of tlie Presi
dent to pardon aud to issue any proclamation
of amnesty are derived from the clauses in
the Constitution and the act of Congress,
which he quotes. The high and necessary
pow er of extending pardon and amnesty can
never be rightfully exercised so as to make
the President say to offenders against the
law : “I now offer you a free pardon for the
past or at any future day; w’ben you shall,
irom baffled hopes or after being foiled in
dangerous and bloody enterprizes, think
proper to accept, I w ill give you a pardon
for the then past.” When men have offended
against the law their appeal is for mercy, not
lie proceeds to consider the questions pro
pounded by President Johnson on the procla
mations dated respectively the Bth of Decem
ber, 1863, and the 2Gtli of March, 1864, com
monly called the “Amnesty Proclamations.”
No doubt, he says, many persons did, be
tween these periods, take the oath who could
not have done so had the original proclama
tion contained the exceptions set forth in the
second. What the rights of those who took
the oath in that intermediate space of time,
and who could not have taken it after the
26th of March, is purely a judicial question.
The facts in such cases are accomplished
and the rights arising out of these facts are
attached and become rested. The Attorney
General, after considering the proper opera
tion and effect two proclamations,
comes to the concraHon that another procla
mation should be issued. Persons, be says,
should not be invited to take an oath and to
PRICE, 5 CENTS
comply with terms under which they cannot
obtain firm legal rights.
It is especially due to those who have here
tofore and would now avail themselves in
good faith of the benefits of pardon and am
nesty, that another proclamation should be
substituted, covering the now past. Persons
who have beeu constantly engaged in rebel
lion should know distinctly what they are to
do, and when aud how they are to do it, to
free themselves from punishment in whole
or in part, or to reinstate themselves as be
fore the rebellion. Such as have been affect
ed merely by their treasonable associa
tions should be absolutely forgiven.—
Appropriate conditions should he appended
to the pardon of many ; the crane and favor
of the Government should now be large and
geuerous, and the operation and effect of ita
proffered mercy should uot be left uncertain.
Asa measure to aid iu the suppression of
the rebellion, the late baa
done its full and complete office. Now <jn e
is desimd to aid in restoring order and re
organizing society in the rebellkms i&tea
Reconstruction is not needed. JL,
conveys an erroneous idea, /tide 'MUaJfWF'"
tion of. this Government j* as perfect as
human wisdom can ijptUe it. The trial to
which its power and capacities have
lieen subjected in this effort at revolution
and dismemberment proved with what wis
dom its foundations have been laid. Ours is
a task to preserve principles aud powers
clearly and well defined, and that have car
ried ns safely through our past troubles.—
Ours is not a duty to reconstruct or to change.
Society in the Rebel Stales has not been,
and is not now, in a normal condition, nor
in harmony with the principles of our gov
eminent. That society has t ebelled against
them, and made war upon the principles and
powers of our Government. In so doing it
has offended, and stands a convicted culprit,,
Mercy must be largely extended. Some of
the great leaders and offenders only must be
made to feel the extreme rigor of the law,
not in a spirit of revenge, but to put the seal
of infamy on their conduct. But the mercy
extended to the great mass of the misguided
people can and should be so used as to reor
ganize society upon a loyal and freedom
loving basis. It is manifestly for their good
and the good of mankind that this should be
done. The power of pardon and mercy is
adequate to this end. Such conditions pre
cedent and subsequent can legally and prop
erly be appended as will root out the spirit
of rebellion, and bring society in these States
into perfect accord with the wise and thor
oughly tiied principles of our Government.
If this power of pardon is wisely used, peace
will be established upon a sure and perma
Terrill* Calamity at Mobile.
300 murom xiilss.
Eighty Squares of Buildings in Ruins.
Morilk, May 27, via Cairo, May 29, 1865.
On the evening of the 25th inst. the mgin
ordnance department, in Marshall’s ware-
at Mobile, blew up with a terrible 1
About three hundred persona were killed
and many w'ounded, aud thousands buried in ,
Eighty entire squares of the city were de
molished, and about eight thousand bales of
The steamer. Colonel Cowles and Kate
Dale, with all on board, were entirely des
A great portion of the business centre is
The total loss is estimated at three mil
General Granger rendered prompt relief to
The ordnance stores, which w ere a por
tion of the munitions of war surrendered by
Dick Taylor, were in course of removal
when it occurred.
The entire city is more or less injured by
The New Comauds of the Major Generals
of the Regular Army.
The N. Y. Herald’s Washington corres
The following is understood to be the dis
position ot the Major Generals in the Regu- ’
lar Army which lias been determined upon .•
General Halleck takes command of the Pa
Gen. Sherman of the military division of
the Mississippi, comprising the States of
Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, and probably
Gen. Meade of the Atlantic States.
Gen. Sheridan of the trans-Mississippi.
Gen. Geo. H. Thomas of Virginia, North
Caroliua, and perhaps other Southern States.
THE STOCK MARKET.
Gold 137 3-4.
The stock market opened dull and closed
heavy on the 30th.
Gold was firm, and after opening at 1361-4
closed at half-past 5 P. M. at 137 1-4. At ’
night the closing quotation was 137 3-4.
The audience of the National Theatre in
Cincinnati, were recently favored with a
novel performance not in the bills. The play,
anew one, proving a failure, the author and
manager appeared at theloot-lights, alleging
that the actors had not followed the text.
Next, an actress appeared aud declared some
portions of the text too vulgar to be used.
The author retorted, reinforcements came to
the support of the actress, and the manager
rang down the curtain. In the midst of the
£xt'iit’im ilt tlie gas was tux ned off, and the
audience finally groped its way out in the
darkness. __ —
The Russian Government lias ordered the
forest to be cut down which extends the
whole lenirth of the frontier from Polongen to
TWoetteii, in order to destroy the repeat of
smugglers, who seek refuge in the woods
when pursued by the frontier guard. The
The trade iu timber with Prussia is In conse- *
quence most active, the cheapness of the ar
ticle having attracted a large number oi deal