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Savannah daily herald. (Savannah, Ga.) 1865-1866, June 06, 1865, Image 2

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The Savannah Daily Herald. a W. Masok * Cos rkonuiM SAlim. W. Mahon Eintoa. SAVANNAH. TUESDAY, JUNE 6, ISC6. THE AMNEm. The long-waited amnesty proclamation ol President Johnson is at length before our readers. The line of policy which is to be pursued by the administration is also reveal ed to our somewhat anxious aud apprehen sive community. Our belief is that the peo ple generally breathe more freely, now that the whole is known. The feeliug has wide ly prevailed in the South that the Govern ment was actuated by a merciless spirit of retaliation, that the present head of the ad ministration was a man in whose mind the promptings of revenge and partisan preju dice were suffered to out weigh considerations of justice aud humanity. With reasonable people these bugbear creations of the politi cal enemies of the government must be final ly dispelled. The proclamation of amnesty is instinct with a spirit of clemency and temperate jus tice. It is a sweeping pardon of the masses of those who with weapons in their hands have sought the life of the nation. None of the rights of citizenship are to be permanent ly withheld from those who. misled by folse prophets and carried away by a popular frenzy, assailed the flag of the country and gave their allegiance to its enemies. They knew not what they did; and the voice of the chief magistrate into whose control their fate has fallen, bids the people to give them again the hand of brotherhood, and to grant j them as before a place at the councils of the i sovereign people. No reasonable person could expect, and no truly loyal man would desire, that the inciters of the baleful insurrection, the meg of posi tion and influence, the men of political training and the*men of military education, who were able from the start to understand the magni tude of their offence, and to foresee the disas trous consequences of the war, which they were inaugurating, should be allowed to re assume those places of trus which they have so misused to the detriment of their fellow’ citizens. The government does w’ell to shield the people, but it cannot do otherwise than leave the leaders to reap the whirlwind they so recklessly sowed. It is due to the af flicted common country, to the preservation of national security, and to every principle of justice, that the arch-plotters of the great re bellion should suffer the legal penalty of their crime. And now has come the time for action, on the part of the people of the South. Their future is no longer uncertain, their path no longer obscure, their present condition is clearly defined. Let them but show by word and deed that their respect for the government is undiminisbed; that there is still a place in their hearts which the love of country, of their whole country, only can fill, and their eveiy endeavor to establish anew a prosperous commerce, and to rise into po tential influence in the nation, will be wel comed and fostered by the great government, which can pardon as well as punish. Important Military Changes, GEN. GROVER RELIEVED. Gen. Birge in Command of the Dis trict Gen. Woodford to Command the Post. In another column we publish an impor tant General Order from Maj. Gen. Grover, announcing his relinquishment of the com mand ot this District to Maj Gen. Birge, and of the Post to Brig. Gen. Stew an I« Woodford. (Jen. Grover ha 9 won a host of friends in Savannah, \flio will regret tc part with him; and we take this opportunity to testify to his uniform courtesy to us, since he has occu pied the position of commandant, and also to that of his staff. Gen. Birge is well known in the District, and we buiteve will be acceptable as a mili tary commandant. Gen. Woodford, formerly commandant at Charleston, and for a long time Chief of Staff to Gen. Gillmore, is well known for his superior executive ability, and for combining the qualities of an able lawyer and a brave and experienced soldier. Some other changes, not yet announced, will be officially promulgated in due time. THE REIOVAL OF THE RESTRICTIONS ON TRAVEL. We publish elsewhere an important order from Maj. Gcu. Gillmore directing that no more Provost Marshal passes, shall hereafter be required to enable civilians to enter,leave, or remain within the limits of the Depart ment. An order from Gen. Grover, removing res trictions ou travel in the District, has alrea dy been published. This prompt use by Gen. Gillmore, of the authority conferred ou him fromWashingtou, for the removal of a source of great inconve nience to the civilians, will win for him tbeii hearty gratitude. No military restriction has been more annoying than this one of pas *es, though manifestly necessary at the time The people will appreciate this disposition on the part of the government and the milita ry commanders representing it, to make their condition pleasant, and to afford every facility lor following their legitimate pursuits with out impediment, and for enjoying in every respect all the freedom practicable. THE KKEEDMEN MIST WORK. One of the most difficult and delicate ques tions with which our public men will be call ed upon to deal, in the re-construction of Southern society upon the new basis, is un questionably that of the conditions under which the colored inhabitants are to be in duced to resume labor. Labor they must, of course, aua the sooner they are disabused of the false ideas of their uew position, with which many of them have been designedly or mistakenly infected by interested or ignor ant persons, the better for themselves, for the South, for our whole country, and for the cause of liberty and human equality through out the world. There is no doubt, that many of the blacks, so recently released from a social condition in which every ray of intellectual light was ever most carefully barred from them, enter upon their new life with fallacious ideas of the benefits which “Freedom” is to bestow upon them. Mauy of them imagine that “Freedom” means freedom from hard work for evermore, aud that “Liberty” signifies perpetual immunity fiom toil and labor. They seem to fancy that henceforth life is to be to them a perpetual holiday, and that they are to spend their days in a never-ending exemption from disagreeable w’ork, the ex penses of their support to be borne in some inexplicable manner by the white race. Both their mental darkness, the ignorance inseparable from an enslaved condition, and the unsound self-authorized teachings of cer tain persons who, perhaps, hope much from the negro, should he ever be granted the boon of equal suffrage with his former mas ter, have conduced to the birth aud mainte nance of this pernicious feeling. The sooner the colored people all over the land are taught the universal lesson that la bor, earnest, persistent hard work, is, for all men of all colors and degrees, the invariable price of earthly happiness or comfort, the sooner will they be relieved from a strange misapprehension which, more than any other one thing, will avail to prevent them from ever achieving a more exalted social states than they at present enjoy. It should be the business of every man who has at heart the true interests of the South and the real welfare of the negro, to strive, on all fitting occasions, and at all pro per times, to disabuse the minds of the new ly emancipated colored people of this mon strous error. If they could be brought, for a few months, into immediate contact with the tree colored people of the North, those who have learned the truth by the sharp experience of a life-time, they would soon know the lesson which necessity teaches all of us, that work is the inevitable condition precedent of wealth, of respecta bility, and of social position. The free ne groes of the North recognize this truth, and quietly accept it a9 a necessary condition of their lives, as do all the rest of us. But such a free intercourse between the free- men ol the North, and the freed- men of the South, is impracticable, and, in fact, im possible for the present ; it rests with us here who know the rights of the matter, to instruct these politically new-boru men who, iu the intoxication of delight at their sud den emancipation from the shackle and the lash, run into wild extremes of expectations which are certain to be disappointed. There is much farm work now waiting to be done throughout the entire South -crops have to be looked out for—the ground must be prepared, the seed planted, and all agri cultural operations must go on the same as ever, it we would have food for the winter. This work must be done to a great extent by the same men as formerly, the great dif ference being that now their labor will be fairly paid for. And to the Freedmen of the South we now say, Go back to the plantations which so sorely need your services; make bargains with those who uow hold these lands to give fair work for fair wages, and then go to work. You have got to support yourselves. II you would win the respect of the whole world, whose eyes are now upon you, show your capacity for self-government by first demon strating your ability for self-support. Speed ily, very speedily, the rations which are now issued to some of you from the commissary chest ot the United States will be stopped. Then those of you who have already secured work will be provided for, but where will be the others ? I lie day ot idleness has passed, and the time has come when, if yon aspire to political equality with the white man, you must adopt the white mau's rule, and honestly, cheerfully, faithfully' make up your minds to do as he does, and work for a living. Tue C AcriißK of Governor Letcher, of Virgin. a.— Ex-Governor Letcher, of Virgin ia, was captured by a detachment of the Twenty-second and Fifth New York cavalry, under the command of Major Moore, Aid-de- Camp on General Torbort s stuff- They left W incheater on the morning of the 17th, and arrived at Staunton on the evening of the L!»th, at seven o clock. An additional detail was made by Gen. Duvall of oue hundred iud fifty of the Filth New York cavalry. At three, A. M , of the 19tli, they started for Lexington, and arrested Letcher about four o clock iu the mornuig. They had orders to arrest Extra Billy Smith also, but were three days too late. Letcher said he did not see why he should be arrested, and 9aid if the secretary of War had sent him notice that ne wanted to see him he would have come along. Major Moore told him that mail ar were not very perfect in the val l^erefore tbe other method of secur ing his presence was considered preferable. Extracts from northern Papers of June Ist. Jeff# Davis Confined on board a Monitor preparatory to a trial APPOINTMENT OF OFFICERS FOR NORTH CAROLINA. ITOICTHHS FOR ADMNIBTERIYG THE AMMESTY OATH. The Assassination Trials. ben. Sherman’s Farewell; to his Army. Tlie Rebel Ram Stonewall, We return our ’.hanks to Mr. Michael Mc- Closkey, Chief Steward of the steamer Ariel, for New York papers to June Ist, inclusive. Elsewhere will be found telegraphic aud other despatches, giving Nortliern dates to June 2, inclusive. From the New York Herald of that date we make extracts as follows: Jeff. Davis ha 9 been brought to Washing ton from Fortress Monroe, and has been pla ced on board a Monitor, which is anchored in the stream, instead of being confined with the other assassination conspirators in the Old Arsenal. « APPOINTMENT OF OFFICERS FOR NORTH CAROLINA The President has appointed the following officers for North Carolina : District Judge, K. P. Dick; United States Marshal, W. K. Richardson ; District Attorney, Richard Ma son ; Postmaster of Raleigh, Coi. J. B. R. Rust. All the appointees are of North Car olina. Directions for Administering and record ing the Amnesty Oath. The following official circular has just been isssued:— Department of State, \ Washington, May 29, 1805. j Sir—A copy of the President’s amnesty proclamation of this date is herewith ap pended. By a clause in the instrument the Secretary of State i9 directed to establish rules and regulations lor administering and recording the amnesty oath, so as to insure its benefits to the people and guard the gov ernment against fraud. Pursuant to this injunction, you are informed that the oath prescribed in the proclamation may be taken and subscribed before any commissioned officer, civil, military or naval, in the service of the United States, or any civil or military officer of a loyal State or Teiritory, who by the laws thereof may be qualified for adminis tering oaths. All who receive such oaths are hereby authorized to give certified copies thereof to the persons respectively by whom they were made ; and such officers are here by required to transmit the origiual9 of such oaths, at as early a day a9 may be conve nient, to this department, where they will be deposited aud remain in the archives of the government. A register thereof will be kept in the department, and on application, in proper cases, certificates of such records will be issued iu the customary form of offi cial certificates. I am, sir, your obedient servant, William H. Seward, Secretary of State. The Assassination Trial. Though a number of new witnesses have been examined since the date of our last ad vices, their testimony was not very import ant, being mainly corroborative of what had been said before. All the testimony now being taken is for the defence. Gen, Sherman’s Farewell. Gdheral Sherman issued his farewell to the Army of the Tennessee aud the Army of Georgia on Tuesday May 30th and left Wash ington for New York, en route for Cincinati, where, it said, his future headquarters will be. The address is eloquent, patriotic and affecting, tracing, as it does, in a succinct and hasty manner, his own aud the career of his trusty and brave followers from the cliffs of Lookout Mountain, through all fighting, marching, privation and wonderful achieve ments, down to Savannah, and thence north ward through the Carolinas and Virginia. He advises his men, that now they are about to return to their peaceful homes, not to yield to the temptation for seeking “new adven ture abroad;” for “it will lead only to death aud disappointment.” The Rebel Ram Stonewall* News from Havana to the 27th ult., states that the excitement regarding the rebel ram Stonewall wa9 nearly ended. The rebel of ficers and crew had been paid off, the vessel was moored along side the government arse nal, undergoing repairs, and Spanish officers and a Spanish crew were on board and had charge of her. Her late rebel commander, Capt. Page, hail left for Vera Cruz. It was understood that our Consul in Havana had demanded of the Cuban authorities the sur render of the Stonewall to the United States, and that the Captain General awaited in structions from Spain before replying to the demand. Post Office at Augusta.— Mr. A. L. Har ris, the efficient Agent of the Post Office De partment here, has gone to Augusta, to make arrangements for postal facilities for the peo ple there. It is probable that mail commu nication will soon be opened through from here to Macon. Who they Are, 1 hose who are curious to know who are the troops which arrived here yesterday, may learn from this paragraph, which we clip from the New York Herald of June Ist : “Gen. Dwight’s Division, formerly the first division ot the Nineteenth Array Corps, leaves here to-morrow for Savannah, Ga., with or ders to report to Gen. Grover. They go on transports from Alexandria.” Latest from New York. New York Dates of June 2d In clusive. THE ATLANTIC CABLE. General Sherman in flew lark. The Uew milliard Match—Oold thwaite Beaten. THE FAST DAY. THE ASSASSINATION TRIALS. EUROPEAN NEWS. GOLD 137 1-4. COTTON. Thn steamer Fulton, which left New York on the 2d in3t., arrived at Hilton Head last evening. She brought uo mail,but her passen gers for this city were brought hither by the steamer Resolute, to whose accommodating chief officer, Cipt. Cannon, we are deeply indebted for complete files of Northern pa pers to June 2d inclusive. Thd Resolute ar rived here so late in the evening that we are able to give only very 9hort extracts from her news, but our Evening Edition shall make amends for all. Much of the news has already been antici pated by our telegraphic despatches in an other column. The Atlantic Cable, Tnere is a published letter from Cyrus W. Field, which says that the Atlantic Tele graphic Cable will be laid next month (July.) More than twenty-two hundred miles are al ready made and stowed on boaid the steam er Niagara. Gen. Sherman in New York. Gen. Sherman arrived in New York June Ist, and at once went to the residence of Mr. Scott, No. 64, East 23d st. He was accom panied by his wife aud son, the members or his staff, his private Secretary, Col. Farrel; Gen. Pomfret, State Surgeon; Gov Fenton of New York, aud other prominent gentle men. As he was crossing from Jersey City to New York be was recognized by soldiers, with whom he shook hands. During the day he was called upon by many at the house ol Mr. Scott, in 23d st. Among the visitors were many ladies. In the afternoon he vis ited Central Park, aud was known aud cheer ed heartily. In the evening he went to Niblo’s Garden, where he was recognized and loudly cheered hut made no speech. He was so crowded by persons who wished to shake hands, that the police had to clear an entrance for him into the Metropolitan Hotel, where he stayed some time, and whence he'finally escaped. Having once again reached the house of his entertainer in 23d street, a crowd assem bled and remained, until, at 12 o’clock mid night, in answer to repeated solicitations, the General appeared and said: Boys—l am not going to make any speech in New York, so you need not wait here. I am much obliged to you for coming to see me. Good night, A Voice—We waut to look at you, Gen eral. General Sherman—You will see me in broad daylight to-morrow riding down Broadway. A Voice—Come down and let us shake your hand. The General then descended and went through a severe ordeal ofhaud shaking. Voice—General, we are your army. General Sherman—Oh, I have an army of one hundred thousand men—the best I ever saw r . (Cheers.) Three cheers were then given for the Gen eral, when he entered the house and the crowd dispersed. A billiard tournament commenced jfi Cin cinnati May 31st, with a match game for $2,000 a side, between McDavitt. of Indian apolis, and Goldthwait, of Ndw York, which was won by the former. Tbe Fast Day. This day was universally observed, and many excellent discourses were delivered, of which we hope to give sketches hereafter. The Assassination Trials. We have already given a'summary of all of importance that has been given in evi dence up to May 31st inclusive. There was no Court on June Ist, that being the Fast day. John S. Clarke, r the Jbrother-in-law of John Wilkes Booth, however, submitted a state ment on the day befofe, which we shall give iu full hereafter. ✓ The European News Is interesting hut not startling. There is said to be wide-spread uneasiness in France und England about the probable future course of America with regard to those countries. Gold Closed on Wednesday, May 31, at 137 1-4. There were comparatively no sales of gold or cotton on June Ist, though some small sales of gold were made, which fluctuated from 138 1-4 back to 137 7-8 and 138, and even to 137 1-4. It having been an irregular day, but little idea can be formed of the true state of the market. Cotton. The Government sale of cotton in June was tiom 17 cents per pound in gold, for low ordi nary, to 37 1-2 cents for good middling. No private sales were made. Tbe Arrival of New Troops. * We areueluctantly compelled, this morn ing, to omit a complete list of the officers of the regiments arriving here yesterday after noon. It will appear in full this evening. lFrom our Eli* of Yesterday Evening.] Tw« Days Later from Ike Horth. Washington Dates of 3d l ns t. JEFFERS©* DAVIS TURFED OYER TO CIVIL AUTHORITIES FOR trial. Ck»v. Brown, of Georgia, Released on Parole. Congressman Harris Found Guilt y- H b Sentence Remitted by tbe President. Sec. Stanton and Gen. Sherman. GENERAL HOWARD IN RICHMOND. GOLD 138. [Special Despatch to the Savannah Herald.] Our falhful agent at Hilton Head, has se cured copies of Washington papers of the 2nd, from which he sends us the following by L T . S. Military Telegraph: Hilton Head, June 5, 1865. Jeff Davis turned over to the Civil Au thorities for Trial. Washington, June 2, 1865. The administration to-day finally came to the conclusion to turn Jeff. Davis over to the civil authorities for trial. The Rebel Governor Brown of Georgia Released on Parole. Gov. Brown of Geoigia has been released on parole, and to-day made bis appear on Pennsylvania Avenue. The Sentence of Congressman Harris— The Penalty Remitted by the Presi dent. The Military Commission has found Benj. G. Harris, member of Congress from Mary land, guilty of the charge of persuading Rebel soldiers not to take the oath of alle giance, but to get exchanged and go back to continue the fight. He was sentenced to three years imprisonment and a forfeiture of all political rights. The President has ap proved of the finding, but remitted the sen tence, and the culprit has been released. . The Stanton and Sherman Hatter. It is claimed by one of the papers that Sec retary Stanton has new matter in regard to his position towards Gen. Sherman that will put anew face on the affair. He is said to have all the facts connected with the inter view with Johnston and Breckenridge, with their version of the matter, which will place him rectus in curia, when published. Departure of General Howard for Rieh mond. Major Gen. How’ard, accompanied by sev eral of his personal staff, left for Richmond to day, to organize his Bureau iu Virginia ’’ Trial of the Assassins. But a few’ of the witnesses remain to be examined. It is supposed that all the testi mony in the conspiracy cases will be closed this week, and several days of tbe next will be consumed iu the arguments, which are to be in writing. Hon. Reverdy Johnson has prepared a long protest, denouncing the ju risdiction of the military commission to try the accused. Gold Is quoted at 138. Important order from den. Gillmore in Regard to Travel. HEADQ’RS DEP’T OF THE SOUTH,) Hilton Head. S. C., May 31, 1805. / General Orders, I No. 79. f To more fnlly carry out the Orders of His Excellen cy, the President, dated April 29th and May 9th, 1606, removing all Military restrictions upon trade with and in certain of the Insurrectionary States, which orders were published in General Orders, No. 71, current se ries from these Headquarters, it is hereby directed that no'Provost Marshal passes be hereaiter required to enable civilians to enter, leave or remain within the limits of this Military Department. The Quartermaster’s Department will, when the In terests of the service allow, famish passage upon gov ernment transports to civilians travelling within this Department, charging therefor the rates prescribed in General Orders, No. 31, current seiies, from these Headquarters. Free transportation will only bs al lowed to civilians as prescribed in that order. The proof that a Regimental Sutler is travelling upon duty will be a certificate to that effect signed by his Regi mental Commander. Paragraph 111, of Gereral Orders, No. 31, current series, from these Headquarters, directing that no free transportation will be allowed except upon passes marked '•'free" by the Provost Marshal, is hereby re voked, and the Quartermaster’s Department will be held responsible that no free transpyrtation is allowed except as authorized by orders from these or superior Headquarters. By Command of Major-General Q. A. GILLMORE. W. L. M. Beboek, Assistant Adjutant General. Official: T. D. Hodges, Capt. 35th U. 8. C. TANARUS,, Act. Asst. Acljt. Gen. jes 7t PORT ROYAL HOTEL, [HILTON HEAD,] JuneT A H Davenport, H Head. R W Godfrey, Charleston. Miss Lafond, “ JDKavanagh, 11 Mrs. Berrell, “ MP Grady, 157ih N Y Vols. D Shgcte, Charleston. PORT OF PORT ROYAL, Hilton Head, 8. G\, June 5. Arrived. U 8 steamer Fulton, Wooten, from New York, June 2d, to Port Royal. 8. C. Passengers—Col Jas Lewis, Lt Col W Ames, Major Z C Remmie, Capts H M Bragg, W II Hammer, K 8 Dan iels, V W M Brown, A 8 Cole, E W Schuvffle, Geo D Hart, Lieuts E 8 Wilcoxson, G A C olt< n. J H McKee, V Powers, F Waschow, H II Hibbard, P C Turner, K W Reed, Rev U P Dickerd, Miss Ellen Schannacy, Lt M Wushbrnck, C Childs, Ensign E 8 Frisbie, R B Hines, Ass’t Surg A Dunbar, Gov W Aiken, Messrs Chas Birdsull, Chas Hancock, L Webster, C W Carder, F K Burgess, E A Brooks, E B Jacker, F D Curray, J R Reed, A B Lazarus, James Smith, W Peabody. W James, Capt E C Baker. * MrjVRB'IHOSPITAL TRANSCRIPT.” The paper above named is published at Hilton Head 8. S., by M. J. MoKenna, It is designed by the Publisher to make an Interest ing and Instructive Paper, not only for SICK AND WOUNDED tOLDIERS, but a WELCOME WEEKLY VISITOR to all residents of Hiiton Head. It will contain Original LOCAL NEWS, a summary of NORTHERN NEWS, and carefully Selected MIS CELLANEOUS ITEMS. ju3-tf