The Savannah Daily Herald.
ft ty. MarovA Cos., PKorßirroM.
Siurzt. W. Ma«on, Emt«ir.
SAVANNAH, TUI RSDAY, .irNEir., ISC;.
TPE ASSASSINATION TRIALS.
Wo bad expected that this steamer would
bring us the news of the conclusion of this
trial, but it seems still to drag its slow lengih
along. The following was the condition of
things at the latest as stated in the papers of
the 10th inst.
A number of witnesses were examined on
the 9th, and a considerable additional amouut
of testimony was taken. The only facts of
particular importance elicited, however,
were contained in the evidence of Mr. Chas.
A. Dana, late Assistant Secretary of War,
who was recalled by the prosecution. He
identified the letters, already published in
the Herald, picked up in a Third avenne car
in New York, last fall, by a lady. These
letters, it will be remembered, related to the
movements and plans of the assassination
conspirators, and alluded to the lot to mur
der the President having fallen to Booth.—
Tiiese letters were given by the lady finding
them to General Dix, and by him sent to the
War Dspartment. Mr. Dana stated that be
took tiiese letters to President Lincoln, who
looked at them without making and particu
lar temurk, owing to the fact that numerous
similaj communications had previously come
to the notice of the government. It was evi
dent, however, that Mr. Lincoln attached
more importance to these letters than to
previous ones, as Mr. Daua subsequently
found them in an envelope on which was
written, in the handwriting of the President,
the word “Assassination.”
The cqunsel for the accused again produc
ed witnesses with the design of invalidating
the testimony of those giving evidence for
the prosecution. Among them was a sister
of Dr. Mudd. One witness stated that on
learning of the assassination Dr. Mudd sug
gested that the people of his neighborhood
ought to raise a home guard to assist in pre
venting the escape of the assassins.
A dumber of persons suspected of compli
city in the conspiracy and several witnesses
in the case' lmve been released from confine
ment in the Old Capitol Prison.
Errors will occur in the best regulated
families, as our readers all know. The other
day we announced the arrival of the Arago,
instead of the Massachusetts, at Hilton
Head. The mistake was founded on the
careless but innocent statement of a gentle
man who was kind enough to bring us a file
of northern papers of the 7th, seventeen
New York subscribers, five new adver
tisements, and some books to notice. On
the whole we have decided to excuse him,
and as the Herald seldom makes errors
which anybody that is half witted does not
know are accidental, and unavoidable in so
large an establishment, we are sure that the
public need no further apology.
To Rival Newspapers.— We are willing
to afford all assistance possible to rival news
papers, tor we know that a narrow policy
does not pay in the long run. When they
need assistance we always render it, as the
record will show. We would not even re
fuse to loan them paper, should their stock
at anytime be exhausted, or to woik their
small editions should their little press break
down, and we never have. But as to adver
tizing them gratuitously we cannot doit.
Witli our Immense circulation we should be
over-run with advertisements of all sorts of
nostrums, and cheap literature, and that sort
of thing, did we not adhere to a rigid plan of
cash rates. We will state however, that any
paper, Inserting a column of abuse, of any
kind, at any time, shall have our hearty
thanks, and we shall be ready to return the
favor in any reasonable way, and we will
back it up, and try to keep it alive, for
tliaf object, it for no other—but we can’t
afford room for giatuitous or even recipro
cal advertisements ol that character. We
should preier, on the whole, to make con
tracts in advance, for cash.
To Advertisers and Subscribers.— We
have had, for some cause, such an influx of
new advertisements and so many calls from
new city subscribers, of late, that we feel
a right to be excused for occasional omis
sions of advertisements, and sometimes, pos
sibly, a failure to serve new subscribers
Abbott Lawrence said that he got rich
by attending to his own business, and that he
never knew a man to become wealthy or in
fluential by obtruding himself into otljer peo
ple's affairs. The most successful men, of all
professions, even editors, mind their own
business and le* other people’s alone.
Die Georgia Delegation. —The Georgia
Delegation, to which allusion is made in our
news column, consists of Dr. R. D. Arnold,
Mayor, Henry Brigham, Esq, and J. G.
My Is, Esq. Messrs. Brigham and Mills were
likewise chosen as members from the Geor
gia Union Club of this city, the remainder of
wlucfe-eommittee left for New Ycrk by a later
Ex-Gov. Brown —Amongst the passen
«ers by the Arago to Hilton Head, was Ex-
Govemor Joseph E. Brown, who arrived here
Secretary Seward has so far recovered
as to be able to walk to the State Depart
ment and to attend to his duties there.
Frederick Seward is also recovering rapidly.
SIRRE.VBER OF GALVESTOV.
The Rebels Hfarch Home Wjtl:
TBE BLOCK ADERtYYEK DAY ill DESTROYED
Jeff. Davis to be Tried by a Civil
Ssa*c Scott, of ftSacca,
for ¥rovisional Governor of
Joshua Hill to be Senator fresu Georgia,
SABINE PASS, TEXAS, SURRENDERED
GREAT FIRE A.T IVA.MII
Ten Aliliious of Dollars worth of Property
The Itc*l>el Colonel T>unimlly
Organizing' More Guerrilla
Bands in Tennessee,
Oihtr Yews from Yashviilc and Vicinity,
GOLD 137 3-S,
By the arrival of the Arago at Hilton Head
yesterday, we have Northern dates to the
10th inclusive. We are much indebted to
the purser of the Arago for his care of our
despatches and files, and also to the officers
of the.U. S. Grant for their promptjdeliveiy at
Capture of Galveston i !
The jNew York Tribune correspondent,
off Galveston 24tli ult., says : Galveston was
evacuated by the Rebels on that day. It
appears that a few days previously a nuftiber
ot' paroled Rebel officers were brought from
New Orleans and landed, among them was
Gen. Wilcox, widely known in Texas, and
it was hoped they would influence a surren
der. This proved to be the case, as on the
24tb the announcement was made by signal,.
“Galveston cunningly evacuated,” and it was
found each 9oldicr had taken his musket and
The famous blockade runner, Danby,
was run ashore and destroyed.
The New York Times Washington special
correspondent has the following: We can say
authoritatively that Government has positive
ly determined that Davis shall be tried by a
civil tribunal. This question was decided in
Cabinet meeting within the week past.—
Where the trial will take place has not been
decided. State Agencies generally devote
themselves to settling soldiers’ accounts, thus
relieving our brave men from tire risk of
being swindled by unprincipled sharpers.
Maunsell B. Field, late Assistant Secretary
of the Treasury, ha? been appointed Collec
tor of Internal Revenue for the Sixth Dis
trict of New York.
The Herald’s special correspondent, says:
The Georgia Delegation recommends to the
President, Isaac Scott of Macon, for Provis
ional Governor to send Joshua
Hill to the U. S. Senate
The Herald s Texas correspondence says,
Forts Maimaliassett and Grifliu defending
Sabiue Pass were surrendered on the 26th.
The rebei troops had all evacuated the works
before the removal of the national forces. It
is said they left in a state of mutiny, and that
this was the condition of the Rebel forces
generally, prior to and at the time of Kirby
Smith's surrender. Nine heavy guns, and
other valuable property were found in the
works. Delegations of the citizens met Com
mander Pennington,and expressed a willing
ness to surrender everything, they were
anxious to take the oath of allegiance, and
were dt lighted at the restoration of the na
New York, June 10.— Advices from Nas
sau, state that in the case of the British
Steamship Mary; or Alexandra, seized on
suspicion of being intended lor a Rebel cruis
er, has been decided in favor of her discharge
with a caution.
THE VERT LATEST.
The following intelligence had lust been
received at New York, und had not been
printed there, not having arrived till after
the morning papers were all issued. It was
forwarded by our reliable special correspon
Great Fire at Nashville.
TREMENDOUS DESTRUCTION OF PROPERTY.
Loss Eight to Ten Millions of Dollars.
Nashville, Tenn., June 10.
At about 2 o’clock this afternoon, the ex
tensive building used for Quarteimasters and
Commissary stores, on the corner of Summer
and Broad Streets, known as Taylor's depot
was discovered to be on fire.
The fire is supposed to have caught from
the sparks of a locomotive which was ou the
track running lengthwise with the building.
These sparks fell into the cellar, and soon
the. flames began to spread.
Capt. \V. W. Wainwright, in charge of
the building had two or three iuches of
water on the fire before the arrival of the
The firemen, however, promptly rallied to
the scene of the conflagration, but found it
impossible to stay the fury of the flames ufi
til half the immense building was entirely
destroyed. The other half, filled with com
missary stores, was saved from destruction
only by the most strenuous exertions of the
The loss to the Government is estimated at
from four or five millions of dollars.
Several dwellings near the scene of the
fire, with their contents, were also destroyed.
So great wa9 the heat from the flames that
approaches to the burning buildings were al
Two or three of the employees of the Quar
termastere’ Department are supposed to have
perished in the flames.
The destruction of government property
at the great fire to-day, In now bellevea will
amount to from eight to ten millions of dol
lars, as there was stored in the building am
pie stores for an army of eighty thousand
men for two years.
From the Southwest
Nashvii.lk, June 9.
Major General Murray, of the rebel army,
who was arrested here several days since, is
at his residence in the country.
Col. Dunnally, the rebel guerrilla leader,
who came in two weeks ago, returned lo
his old quarters in the vicinity of Columbia
and Pulaski, and is busily engaged in re-or
ganizing guerrilla bauds. His plea is that
the government or some representative,
promised him that no federal raiding parties
should traverse that section. .No such pro
mise, of course, was given, and vigorous
measures are l*eing taken to bring that guer
rilla to justice. y
Major General Upton is in the city, su
perintending the organization of the cavalry
Gen. McCook left this morning for the
Reliable information from Macon and
points north of that place represent the
whole of Georgia in a starving condition.
The river here is three feet deep on the
shoals, and failing.
NEW YORK LETTER.
New York, Friday Evening, June 9.
that we now and then see referred to as hav
ing been passed by some of our vessels on
the voyage from Europe, and which make
their way down the Atlantic coast in the
summer, cooling the ocean's breezes as the}'
sweep towards the shore, should be induced,
by some means, to pay us a visit. It would
be splendid to have one anchored off Sandy
Hook to make a sailing visit to now-a-days,
with a heavy coat and thick mittens. Os
course they would not last a long while with
the thermometer at 90 a 100, but they would
do much towards refrigerating the atmosphere
which seems not. only to be intensely hot, but
also of the stifling order. Lord—an ice
cream has about as much show for long life
as a Louisiana darkey would have in the
frigid atmosphere of Greenland. Sherry cob
bler's, mint julleps, claret punches, “cool
lager,” and kindred things are much indulg
ed in, while everybody removes his hat,
looks at the thermometer, and prays that the
clerk of the weather will not forget our regu
lar afternoon and evening thundershowers.
Simply—it is hot. Babies cry, pups yap,
cats yowl, bullfrogs blart, and the moon looks
as red in the face as a Bowery politician on
election day. We are consoled however, by
the farmers, who say “it s good weather for
Southern Custom Houses.
The following will be ol interest to the
readers of the Herald :
Mr. R. S. S. Andros has been appointed a
special agent of the Treasury Department,
and will proceed to the various re-opened
Savannah. Darien, .lack
son ville. Mobile, dtc. —with reference to the
re-establishment of the United States Cus
It is understood that Mr. Andio9 is to have
a cutter at his disposal, and tliat two or three
experts will assist him; and he will go to all
the recently re-opened ports, inspecting the
custom houses, making investigations as to
the present condition of the buildings; and
ascertaining such facts concerning the busi
ness probably to be done, as the government
Mr. Andros lias a very thorough acquain
tance with our revenue laws, and is known
to the public as a writer on this subject.
Wiley Woodbridge has been appointed
Collector for Savannah.
The Collectors of Mobile and Charleston
have reported to the New York Custom
House, and with the advice of Collector
Draper will choose from the force here the
clerks they will need in the transaction of
The Collector of Charleston is Dr. Albert
G. Mackey, whom the Freemasons of this
and other cities have welcomed so handsome
ly, partly on account of his loyalty to the
Union while residing in Charleston. Dr.
Mackey has not yet chosen an Assistant Col
The Collector of Mobile is Colonel B. V.
Montague, who was also one of the loyalists
of the South. His property in Mobile, and
also, we believe, in Louisiana, was seized l>3 r
the rebels, and confiscated by them.
The Assistant Collector at the port of Mo
bile is Mr. George F. H. Youngs, a gentle
man who was connected with the customs for
many years, and with the Treasury Depart
ment during the past three years; and who
performed the important busiuess connected
with the re-opening ot three of the Southern
It is expected that these officers will sail in
the course of a few days for their stations.
Large Cotton Sale.
Ou Tuesday last some eight thousand bales
of what is known here as the ‘’Savannah
Cotton,” was sold at auction, realizing fair
prices. I append a table of the sale, which
was made at gßld price :
82'» bales middling fair 36 a37 1-2
15S8 bales strict middling 2y 3-4a32 1-2
2220 bales low middling 26 8-4n27 3-4
1021 bales good ordinary 23 a23 1-2
669 bales ordinary 20 a2l
33 bales pickings io l-2a
SEA ISLAND COTTON.
56G bales first quality 69 ]-2aoi
789 bales second quality 46 l-2a47
478 bales third quality 3. r > l-2a36
104 bales sawed ginned 42 a—
sß bale 9 stained .' 22 l-2a—
li> bales seedy. 17 a
The total sum realized in this sale i9 esti
mated at a million and a quarter of dollars
Gold at the time this sale took place was
ruling at 136.
How He Kept Cool.
Sunday last will take its place in the me
teorological tables for the year, among the
high temperatures. The heat was intense
(not strictly original) and there was scarcely
a breath ot air stirring (unnecessary to use
quotation marks ) Tne study of mankind
was how to keep cool. A friend of mine tells
how lie managed it, and, as it may prove uso
ful to your readers, I will relate it here. In
the morniog early, he tock a drive in the
suburbs—returned, breakfasted—went into
his hathing-room—let in the water, all cokl—
deposited a huge cake of ice at, the feet—un
dressed—got in—rested his head on the cross
strap—took in hand a volume of Dr. Kane’s
Arctic Explorations—lighted' a cigar— and
there, in recumbent position, passed"" three of
the most comfortable hours ot his life.
One of the most striking cases of sharp
practice has just occurred in our sister city,
Brooklyn. It appears that Brigadier Gen
eral Spinola was presented with a fine horse
by his friends nearly a year ago. The Gen.
went to the front, was in one engagement,
I think, and returned home, where he has
been awaiting the action of a Court Martial
some niue months, or more. On his return
he stabled the horse for some time, when it
w'as seized for debt. Spinola, who was for
several years a member of our Legislature,
in which he gained the reputation of being
exceedingly smart in getting “big things”
through, w T as not disposed to lose his horse,
even if he did so to pay an honest debt. So
last winter he got a bill passed which pro
vided. that horses belonging to officers in*
the army, should not be seized for debt. A
very patriotic act, and so far as patriotism
was concerned, all right; but exceeding nn
just to to poor creditors, nevertheless. Un
der this act Spiuola brought an action of re
plevin, and giving security, obtained pos
session of the horse. The case came to
trial, but the Judge decided against him,
inasmuch as the horse had bceu seized be
fore the passage of the act, which could not
be made retrospective in its operation. Spin
ola did a good thing for his brother
officers, but, unintentionally, of course, left
himself out iu the cold.
The idea of a Baby Cup, to be awarded to
the member of the West Point Graduating
class, who shad be blessed with the first
child, is a good one—especially good as ap
plied to these embryo sons of Mars. The
same idea has been in vogue for some years
in at least one College : but it is much more
appropriate in the West Point Academy, an
institution for the education of young men iu
the art of life-taking. Now where a man
devotes himself to a depopulating profession,
how appropriate it is that he should, at the
same time, direct a part of his energies to
supplying a portion at least of the deficiency
he causes. This'is clearly an economical duty
which lie owes to the woild. Besides, ashi9
own life is, as the underwriters say, extra
hazardous, it becomes his duty to duplicate
himself, not only once, but several times, so
that when the shaft of death strikes him, he
leaves behind one or more representatives to
take his place and maintain the aggregate of
population. \Y hether these views originated
the idea of a Baby Cup or not, I think they
Either Deseret is illimitable, or Polygamy
is shamefully deficient in populalive power.
Here is a ship just arrived with near seven
hundred new r converts to nrormouism. About
one-half this number are women, and two
thirds of these again are buxom English and
Welch lasses, whose bright eyes, rosy cheeks,
and well-rounded limbs and forms, show
their derivation from a healthful stock. They
were well clad, and fully a9 cleanly as couid
be expected, coming off,from a ship where
they had been clpsely quartered for one
month and two days. The girls were plain,
and very simple in their manners, and ap
peared exceedingly anxious to reach their
destination. They seemed to think the great
est part of their journey had been performed
in crossing the ocean, and that the land trav
el w'ould be a mere pic-nie jaunt. They ea
gerly inquired about the great and beautiful
city (Salt Lake) and asked bystanders, with
amusiug naivete, if they had ever been there.
They were accompanied by several elders,
bald, grey and withered, who were very gal
lant and attentive, looking carefully to their
comfort. These are but one instalment of
what is expected this season, and one is
forced to the inquiry why the Mormon?
should resort to this means to secure popula
tion for their possessions.
in this vicinity are fast being evacuated by
all soldiers who arc well enough to get to
their homes. As soon as they shake the dust
of their Esculapiau hotels from their feet,
they find the way to the hospitable roof of
New England Rooms,
which are crowded to repletion—every bed
is nightly occupied by the brave boys. Some
recovering from fevers, some with wounds
yet to be healed by tenderer care than that
vouchsafed by contract nurses (the latter ex
crescences generally thinking more of their
whiskey and pipes than of the patients de
pending upon their attention for their very
lives,) —some with stumps of arms or legs,
and alas, one or two crazy! They all ap
pear delighted to find themselves under the
fostering care of our excellent matron, who
is assisted \>y the lady members of the com
mittee, all of whom have been unceasing in
their devoted efforts to alleviate suffering.
One of tiie
ever established here is tlie locating of a Pay
master at the Rooms. By this means all the
discharged sick and wounded are enabled to
receive all their pay, and settle up ail their
accounts with Unele s-un. In fact a great
many detached soldiers, of all States, stop
ping at the Rooms, do the same. The scene
is quite lively, and the boys seem highly
pleased at getting paid off.
have shown themselves in large numbers in
our streets, both in squads and in regimen
tal organizations. They have been heartily
received, and their bronzed faces have shown
that they appreciated the cheers awarded
them as they marched homeward. Some
farm-yard in Massachusetts is to have an in
fusion of secesh fowl soon, for one of ilie 61st
boys had ft bully specimen of a rooster on
his shoulder us he marched up Broadway,
another had a tabby cat. aud a lew long
eared mules were in the rear were evidently
Intended to tnke home to down cop
perheads. Hundreds of
eager to meet their returning
soldier relatives, and some of the scenes at the
Battery are affecting in the extreme. How
ever, joy never kills, aud the prospect of
having the vacant chair at home again
filled is evidently gratifvingly satisfactory to
those who come here in their over-anxiety
to embrace their loved ones.
are again in vogue, but they are mostly to
distinguished officers. It was thought, and
indeed some of our regiments noted, that,
turn ont one regiment per
da}, to receive and escort our returning snU
, (hers through the city, bat the plan, although
meeting the approval of every one, hS
| fallen through. The boys don't care mark
aliout receptions—all they ask is that Baker
who supplies the rations at the Battery afodi
give them good food, and plenty of it, and
they will wait till they get to "their homes
when the good things will taste all the
sweeter around their own firesides.
Our Red Shirts
are on their good behavior this week. A fine
body of men from the Philapelphia file de
partment is on a visit here, as the guests of
h arren Hose, and a gtmnd time they are
having. Banquets, torch light processions
chowder-parties, l arbor excursions, etc ’
serve to make the time fly rapidly with them!
New York Markets.
The subjoined is a condensed summary of
the New York Markets on the afternoon of
the 9th inst
The stock market was dull aud without
material change yesterday. Go'd opened nt
138, and closed in the street at 137 3-8. At
night it closed at closed at 137 3-8.
There was a firmer feeling in commercial
circles yesterday, and prices, as a general
thing, tended in favor of sellers. Still busi
ness was not active, except in a few article?
Freights were rather better, and the offerings
were larger. Groceries were steady. Cot
ton was heavy Petroleum was less active
but firm. On ’Change, flour and grain were '
steady. Pork and lard were firmer. Tlfc
latter again advanced 1 -2c. per pound Whis
key was rather better.
NEWS FROM THE INTERIOR.
The kindness of our good friends furnish
ed U3 yesterday with files of Augusta papers
up to the 13th, inclusive, a*rd also with the
latest intelligence from Macon. From one
of the latest Macon papers we extract the
A negro man attacked a white girl in the
lower part of ths city yesterday, striking her
with a stick. A paroled Confederate soldier
interposed, when the negro drew a pistol on
him. At this juncture, a Federal soldierrode
up and shot the negro dead.
The city of Augusta is in a bad way so fur
as cieanliness is concerned, if we put perfect
faith in the appended paragraph:
We are requested to call the attention of
the proper authorities to the state of the
Lower Market; and hope it may experience
so vigorous an application of brooms, spade?,
etc., as may render it a less vivid type than
now of the Slough of Despond.
They should send forX’apt. Stearns, our
efficient Street Inspector, who has, let us
hope, saved Savannah from yellow' fever this
* MISCHIEF MAKERS.
We find the following in the Au
gusta Chronicle & Sentinel; we don’t
know whom it relers to, but down
here in our section we have some discontent
ed folks who make equally as much mischief
by abusing the South and everything therein.
Both sorts had better keep quiet.
The temper of some of our cotemporaries
does not seem to be right as yet. There ap
pears to be something the matter with them.
They have been so long in the habit of abu
sing the North and everything that has come
from that section, that even now they show
a desire to keep up sectional hatred between
the two sections. We think all such sheets
are incendiary in their teachings. What the
country wants now is peaee aud quiet—ancl
these two things it never will have as long
as tiiese growlers are -allowed to work away
in their underhanded manner. They dare
not 9how their hand openly. They have not
manliness enough for that. But like the as
sassin in the dark, they pursue their villain
ous work, and do their best to destroy the
confidence of the people in our rulers.,.
The followiug U a statement of financial
affairs at the Brokers’ offices in. Augusta on
The following were the prevailing rates for
specie and currency as reported by one of
our leading Cankers:
Gold—buying, 15 to 20 prern. '
“ selling, 25 “
Silver —buying, 14 “
“ selling, 25 “
G. R .R., buying, 50 dis.
C- R- R, “ 50 “
Bank Slate Georgia, buying, B|o dis.
Bank of Augusta, “ 90 “
Bank of Savannah, V 86 “
Marine Bank, “ 80 “
Union Bank, “ 70 *•
Rival Ge.iroia|Deleoations —There are
now two delegations of Georgia citizens in
Washington, both claiming to represent
the true sentiment of the State. Both have
had interviews with the President and Cabi
net officers, and between the two, it would
seem that re-construction ought to be thor
Gen. Grant.— Old Unconditional Surrender
has gone West to attend the great North
western Fair at Chicago. Well, the old
veteran has been doiDg some pretty hard
work for the past year or two, and lias fairly
earned a play-spell.
The Secretary of War won’t stop his
wages during his absence, we ll* bet four big
Alabama. —There is also a delegation of
Alabamians at the National Capitol trying to
briug about the re-organization of tlißt State-
They have been most cordially received by
Discharged. —A number of Rebel Officers
who have been confined in the Old Capitol
prison at Washington, have taken the oath of
allegiance and been released.
The President Quartered at tiTE White
House —President.Johnson on the 9th moved'
his residence to the White House, of which
he has now taken full possession. •*-
—An infamous old bachelor, being asked
if he ever witnessed a public execution, re
plied—“No, but I one* saw a marriage.”