SAVANNAH DAILY HERALE
VOL. 1-NO. 132.
The Savannah Daily Herald
(MORNING AND EVENING;
IS PUBLISHED BY
S3, \V. MASON A CO.,
Ar 111 Hat Street, Savannah, Georgia.
Per Copv Five Cents.
Per Hundred $3 50.
Per Year $lO 00.
Two Dollars per Square of Ten Lines for first in
sertion ; One Dollar for each subsequent one. Ad
vertisements inserted in the morning, will, if desired,
appear m the evening without extra charge
JT OH PRINTING, t
In every style, neatly and promptly done.
FIRE AND MARINE INSURANCE AGENCY,
SECURITY INSURANCE COMPANY -
MANH vTTAN INSURANCE COMPANY ;
ruOCNIT FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY ;
CASH CAPITAL of over POUR MILLIONS.
Risks taken on all descriptions of Property on rea
sonable terms by A. A. LANE, Agt.
iSST" Otiicc in Sorrell’s Bnilding, on Bull 3t
qo.li;mbian / • 7
(MARINE; INSURANCE COMPANY
CF NEW TORE.
CASH CAPITAL. $3,COO,00!).
The undersigned are prepared to Insure under Open
Policy from the above Company to the extent of SIOO,-
iK)O in property in any first class Steamer, and from
$30,000 to $75,000 on any first class sailing vessel, on
the most favorable New York terms
For further particulars apply to
CHARLES L. COLBY* CO
Jone3 Block, corner Bay and Abercorn streets,
maylS ts Savannah, Ga.
jpOR A SHIRT, GO TO IVES’
YTf t. sTIL I. LIVE;
, TAB ‘‘OFFICE,* 1
No 1 X Mebch aiiis 1 Row,'
HILTON HEAD. ?, C
BENJAMIN HONEY, Proprietor
Just received frqm tea North—
VEAL, . *
from the Plantations every morning—
ICE CREAM, WITH FANCY CAKES
The inner man must and shall be preserved
iCE WATER, FREE FOR EVERY BODY.
N. B.—Why does my friend ip the rear ol the Post
Office discontinue to say where the laugh comes in ?
LAMS'. CLAMS! CLAMS!
IN TBS SHELL Oli .S.TLLLET OUT,
With other Refreshments, at the oldest and best stand
ON HILTON HEAD ISLAND,
For a va.icty of something Good to Eat at all times, at
In rear ot the Post Office, Port Royal. S. C.
PETER FITZGERALD respectfully informs his old
friends, ancl the public in general, that since Oysters
are out of season for a time.. his Daily Patrons can find
a good substitute in CLAMS, cooked to order, in every
style, ut the shortest notice He has also a constant
FRESH MEATS. POULTRY, FISH & VEGETABLES,
From the North and other places in this vicinity.
M«als cooked to order at any hour during the day
Out motto is to “Live well."
PETER FITZGERALD, Proprietor
"■ - _
JpOR YOUR HATS. GO TO IVES'
LB DAVIS- .
GROCER AND COMMISSION MERCHANT,
No. 283 Bcoap SisrET,
AUGUSTA', G A .
Consignments solicited. Will give personal atten
tion to business entrusted to him
refers to .
Crane & Graybilh Savannah,
claghorn * Cunningham, Savannah
S. Palmer at son,
Air. A. Wilbur, Pres. Insurance, Savannah
Mr, W. Camming, :'.’miner Bonk State of Ga
Mitchell * Smith, Mscon.
John B. Habersham * Cos. Macon.
Wright & Alexander, Augusta.
E. b. Long * Cos.,
C. V. Walker O Cos., “ jp!C-lm
JMPORTKD AND DOMESTIC
WINES AND LIQT OK S ,
a. T i-HOLfSALt, FOE FAIII.I CS S ,
AT ‘.Hi; BAY STREET
ISRAEL B. SEALY * CO.
J R SOLOMONS, M. D
D * E N T I S T ,
from Charleston, S. C., ofiera his services to the
citiaens of Savannah
Rooms ct Dr. Claris’s office. Congress street.
References.—Dr. Jas. B Rjod.
Dr. JcaiAU liAitars
Hon. So; omcn Cohen-,
W. N. HAUiT.saA.i; Esq„
jail ts A. A. SonoxonaACo.,
J.JOOKS AND STATIONERY.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL,
At the Old Stand of
JOHN M. COOPER A CO.,
Just Received the Largest and Best Selected Stock of^;
In the Southern States; consisting of Primers, Spellers,
Readers, Geographies. Arithmetic, Grammars. Greek,
Latin, French, German and Spanish Text Books, and all
oilier Books used in Colleges. Academies and Common
Slates, Pens, Pencils, Ink. Foolscap, Letter and Note
Paper, Envelopes, Blank Books, 4c. 1 also have on hand
a large assortment oi New and popular Novels by the
best authors, Dickens. Reynolds, Mrs. Holmes, Mis. Wood,
4c. I will keep constantly on hand a large stock of el
egant Photographic. Albums and Card Photographs, as
well as a constant supply of the latest Northern Newspa
pet sand Periodicals, N. Y Daily and Weeklv Newspapers,
Harper s Magazine. Godey’s Lady’s Book, Atlantic
Monthly, Domorest’s Fashions. 4c., Ac.
Everything will lie sold at the very lowest figures, and
special terms art- ottered on School Books to Teachers and
I can anil will sell at least as cheap as any other house
in the South.
TERMS STRICTLY CASH
Caii and examine the Stock at the old stand of
John M. Cooper 4 Cos..
• Cor “Whitaker and St. Julian streets,
STEPHEN F A R R E L L Y ,
Bookseller and Stationer
N. B.—All orders for Miscellany ws Books, Music, or
any article connected with the Hrade, filled at the
The friends and patrons of the undersigned, and of
the firm of John At. I“oopeb & Cos., are respectfully so
licited to continue their patronage at the old establish
ment to Mr Fakrelly. The undersigned may be
found at his desk as usual, for the purpose of chising
up old business affairs and rendering "such assistance
as he can to Mr. F.
A general Wholesale business will be established by
J. M. C. * Cos., whenever practicable, upon the upper
floors of the establishment.
JeS lino JOHN M. COOPER.
THE SOLDIER OR THE CITIZEN,
THE MONTHLY NOVELLETTE,
contains a Novelette complete, together with from
three to eight short stories, with Illustrations, Terms:
$2 per year. Single copies, 2-3 cents
THE AMERICAN UNION
It. FiBBSiDE JOURNAL. NO CONTINUED STORIES.
Thrillifffe Stories. Racy Sketches, Stirring Adventures
and Choice Home Reading $3 a year Four copies,
THE FIAG OF OUR UNION.
Debited to Tales, Sketches, Adventures Poems,
News, NovellettrA, &e. $4 per year.
THE DOLLAR MONTHLY MAGAZINE.
The cheapest magazine in the world. $1.50 a year,
i Seven copies. $9. Nearly one hundred pages of reading
j matter and illustrations. Postage only 12 cents per
TEN CENT NOVELLKTTES
128 pages in each book ; one-third larger than any
other Dime Novel.
All of the above publications will be forwarded regu
larly by mail, on receipt of price, by
ELLIOTT. THOMES * TALBOT. _
C3 Congress street,
Samples can be seen, or copies purchased, by ap
THE SAVANNAH HERALD STORE,
lit BAY STREET,
nprlS tf_ _
gAVILLE * LEACH,
BOOKSELLERS AND STATIONERS.
HILTON HEAD, S. C. ,
, CORNER BRYAN STEEKT AND MARKET SQUARE,
i ■iSSEiri ii—err i "_n i-~
"pOR A COLLAR, GO TO IVES’.
SHIPPING AND COMMISSION MERCHANT,
An IT Broadway , Sew Yterk.
Liberal advances on Shipments to above < onaign
meat, made by
HUNTER & GAMMELL,
Agents Pione'er Line Steamships,
84 Bay Street, Savannah.
Reference In New York—
Messrs. Spoee'ord, Tii.eston * Cos.
mayYC _ .
QHARLES L. COLBY & CO.
SHIPPING, COMMISSION AND FORWARDING
JONES BLOCK, CORNER BAY AND ALERCORN STREETS,
LIBERAL CASH ADVANCES
Made on Consignments to the firm of Chasl L, Cci.sy,
of New York, of to our friends in Boston
MAUDE * WRIGHT. Agents at Augusta, Ga.
• Messrs. Dabney, Morgan * Cos., New Vojj.r
Jarivs Slade, Esq., New York
Hon. J. Wiley* Edmunds, Boston
Gardner Colby, Kaq., Boston na rylS—ti
Q.ADEN * UNCKLKS
GENERAL PRODUCE AND COLMISSION MER
CHANTS, AND WHOLESALE DEA LERS
GROCERIES, PROVISION ft. &d. f
COBNER OP HAY AND lIAP.tfAKD n'M Kit,
SAVANNAH, GA. v »
Highest market rates paid lor Cotton, W 001. Hides
&c., and liberal cash advances made on si lipments to
our New York house, ]o3-im
FASHIONABLE HAT, GO TOD
-VLF.WS-DEALERS AND OTHERS DES IRING Tee
Lx Savas.nah Dairy HraALD at Whole* ale arc re
quested to send in their orders as early In advance na
practicable. S. W, »N &■ CO.
SAVANNAH, GA., TUESDAY, JUNE 20, 1865.
£hn fcoobs anti (Tlotbing.
WHOLESALE AND RFTAIt. DEALERS IN
SUTLERS' AND NAVAL STORES, DRV GOODS.
BOOTS AND SHOES. H ATS AND CAPS.
Gentiemen’s Frr.NimiiNo Goods, &o„
No. 5 Merchants* Row. Hilton Head. S. C.,
W. C. RIDDELL. fjul3-tf] 11. J. MTRDOCK.
ARRIVAL OF GOODS.
SKEHAN * CONYNGIIAM.
\>f 17C Broughton Street,
Receive by every steamer fresh consignments ot Good*
» from New York, consisting of
BOOTS nud SHOES.
l adies* HAIMORALS, Ac.,
Gentlemai’s Felt and Straw HATS,
CLOTHING, GROCERIES, WINES.
Dublin and London PORTER, ,
Golden ALE, in Cases and Barrels;
A lao—A choice selection of GARDEN SEEDS,
Which we offer at low prices to the Trade
A DUSTER GO TO IVES*.
A TOPHAM, *
135 CONGRESS STREET, SAVANNAH. GA„
NO. 7 MERCHANTS' EC , HILTON HEAD,
Calls the attention of Wholesale and Retail purchasers
to his superior Stock of
*.IILITARY, NAVAL and CITIZENS’ CLOTHING,
GENTS’ FURNISHING GOODS
For sale at the Lowwt Market price.
Additions to Stock received by every Steamer from
New York may’-’.720t
| C. NORVELL &CO
CORNER BULL AND BAY STRE Em
KATE JUST F.FCEIVrii
THE LARGEST AND MOST COMPLETE STOCK
DRY GOODS. C LOTHING, BOOTS AND SHOES.
HATS AND CAPS.
IVBI OFF F. RED IK THIS- MARK FT,
Which wit) lie sold
AT WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
UFOM THE MUST FAVORABLY TERMS.
Lawns, latest styles,
Bareges, all kinds.
Crape Maretz. all colors*
THIS DEPARTMENT IS COMPLETE IN ALL ITS DETAILS,
GLOV K S- .
Ladies' and Gents’ Black and Colored Kids, bent make.
, Lisle, all colors,
. Silk, all colors,
Li non Cambric, Hemstitched,
Gents' Printed Bordsre,
Ladies’ Black and White Silk,
Ladies’ Black and White Cotton,
Misses’ Black and White Cottoif,
Children’s Black and White Cotton,
Ladies’ and Misses’ Gauze Merino Vepts,
Gents’ Merino Vests.
UMBRELLAS AND PARASOLS.
Bonnet and Belt, all kinds.
, B O N N E T S
White. Black and Colored Straw and Braid Bonnet*
Ladies’ Miases’ and Children’s Plata, in great va
A full assortment of Gents’ aad Cejas’ Hats
FANS IN EVERY' VARIETY.
J.AIROE 15® WELL ASSORTED. STOCK OP DAPiEB*
S * AMD GENTS’ SUOj.3.
O L O T H I N « .
Linen and Cassimere Summer Suita,
, Alapacv Coats,
A Full assortment of Military Dress and Fatigue
jjiuy2i) L. O, NORv ELL «& CO’S.
yyrm re is ives’ furnishing store ■'
ti'J'HE HOSPITAL TRAN SCRIPT. ’'
The paper above named is published at Hilton Head
S, by M. J. McKenna.
It is designed by the Publisher to make an .interest,
tag and Instructive Paper, not only for
SICK AND WOUNDED SOLDIERS,
bat a WELCOME WEEKLY VISITOR to all residents
of Hilton Head. -
It will contain Original LOCAL NEWS, a summary
of NORTHERN NEWS, atd c-ireftßly Selected MIS
CELLANEOUS ITEMS. ■ * j»3-tf
THE CANADIAN COHFF.pKRAt'V.
The problem of combining the present dis
jointed British North American provinces in
to a Confederacy w§uld appear to be neat a
practical solution. The Union of Canada
with Nova Scotia, New Bruuswick. New
foundland and Priucc Edwards Islands,
would present the most splenaid example of
the formation of a Confederacy of any his
tory exhibits, not excepting the union of these
States The extent of territory that would
be brought into political connection.the vast
ness of undeveloped resources, the fertility
of the soil, auc the energy of the occupants,
colonized principally by the Anglo-Saxon
race—would present the proportions of a
Confederation which would tind no parallel
except that of the United States.
A mere outline of tlrt* geographical extent
and resources shows the vast ness of the Brit
ish possessions in this continent. Indepen
dent of British Columbia, Vancouver’s Island
and Hudson’s Bay, the number of square
miles is 418, «>4l; in the other British Prov
inces, adding the above portions of territory,
the total amounts to 2,218,641 square miles,
which is the area given of the territory of
the United States. In the six colonies con
stipating the provinces, which it is propos
ed to embrate in the pew confederacy, the
number of acres under cultivation is 18,128,
229, otft of the whole quantity 45,288,854
appi’opriatcd as private property'. The agri
cultural jjfoductions yield an annual value
of 150 millions of dollars In Nova Scotia
; gord, iron, coal and copper are found in
abundance. The quantity ot. coal at present
is half a million of tons per annum. Four
years ago gold was discovered, and uow 150
mines are worked. New Brunswick, in con
nection with Nova Scotia has coal deposits
extending over seven millions of acres.—
Canada has a profusion of iron. The aggre
gate value of the fisheries is supposed to yield
20 millions of dollars Having 5000 miles of
sea coast, the British Provinces have exhaust
less maritime resources. The number of
sailors and fishermen by the lust returns
amounted to 69,250. The population of the
siS colonies is estimated at 4,000,000, ‘yield
ing P. 93, HI 8 fighting men. The total exports
for 1868 amounted to $60*847,138; the im
ports to $71,601,456 in live or six of the
These form the material of a great con
federacy, not only in the present but the fu
ture, as the outlying portions, consisting of
the British possessions on the Pacific, he
come embraced within its limb*.
There are some points of resemblance be
tween the recent convention, composed of
delegates from the different provinces, as
sembled at Quebec in September, 1862, and
our convention for a similar purpose in Phil
adelphia. in 1789, as exhibitiug*tliat spirit of
conciliation and compromise where there
exists great inequality of population and re
sources between the provinces that propose
to come into union. The opposition to union
between Upper and Lower Canada it was
difficult to overcome. The numbers of the
former exceeded those ol the latter by four
hundred thousand, and the result of equality
of representation would be the disfranchize
raent of these four hundred thousand,
But the greatest obstacle to overcome was
the difference of .rages in the two Canadian
provinces, Lower Canada being populated by
the Celtic and Upper Canada by the Angfb-
Saxon races. Yet these differences were
Reconciled, andthe two Canadas, as the result
of their common deliberations, agreed to
unite with the other provinces in forming a
It,however, will present essential differences
of features from our Ponfederatiou. It will
exhibit only tbs partial adoption of the Fed
eral principle. There will he political incor
poration between the provinces—a union
under a general legislature; but the execu
tive authority will he vested in the Queen of
England, with a Chief Executive of their
own, to be nominated by the Crown, and a
Legislature in which the provinces are to be
represented in a House of Commons elected
b y popular vote, and a Legislative Council
clMweu by the Crown, which is to have a
ve to on the acts of the Legislature.
It is evident that this scheme of Federatiftr
has few Federal features, and that the idea
of Centralization predominated in its forma
tion. It is a kind of anomalous combination
of Imperialism and the principle of a Fed
eration. The negative of the home govern
ment on the acts of the general legislature
with the nomination of the governor general
and the members of the Legislative Council
impart to it a centralizing character with
very little departure from the relation in
which these colonies stood before to the pa
However a legislative union was a great
axi vantage to colonies so divided in interests
and diversified in resources. The near
neighborhood of a powerful Republic was,
we prowume, a governing motive in continu
ing jjmler the protecting wing of a powerful
monarchy at the sacrifi?e of that share of
independence which could only be attained
by entirely severing the ties between them
*aud the parent State. %*
PRICE. 5 CENTS
NR. JACOB N. CARDOZO.
In Vol. IV. ol* Appleton's New American
Cyclopaedia we find the following notice of
Mr. Jacob N. Cardozo. who has been for
some months one of the editors of the Savan
nah Hkkai.d. He reached Ills seventy-ninth
year on Saturday last, yet retains the vigor
ot his intellect unimpaired, as those who
have read his contributions to our columns
on Finrnce. Political Economy, and kindred
subjects, from time to time, can testify. For
nearly fifty years a leading editor in the
South, lais retention ol all his literary abilities
to this extreme age is remarkable :
“Cakdozo, Jacob N., an American journal
ist and politicaleconomist, bora at Savan
nah,, Ha., June 17, 1786. About 1794 his
hvp!ah' removed to Charleston, S. C., where
he received a plain English education,. and
from his 12tli year was pnt to mechanical
and mercantile, pursuits. In 1816 he became
editor of the “Southern Patriot" newspaper in
Charleston, of which, in 1823, he became sole
proprietor. He had long studied the princi
ples of trade, commerce, and finance, and
his purpose from the first was to render bis
journal especially an organ of free trade
doctrines. 1 Having a constant view to those,
commercial questions in which the interests
of the Southern States were involved, the
commercial relations of the U. 9. with the
British West India Islands, in their then re
stricted condition, engaged a large share of
his attention. The removal of those restric
tions was an object of constant solicitude
with Mr. Monroe's administration. To force
a relaxation by the British Government,
Congress iu 1818 and 1820 adopted counteract
ing regulations. These, whatever their effect
on the British, were found to be oppressive
on Southern commerce. In 1822 various
seaport towns of the South, such as Norfolk
and Baltimore, petitioned Congress for their
removal."’ The city of Charleston was so far
inclined to secoud the movement that a large
public meeting was held, and a memorial
was drafted for its acceptance. Mr. Cardozo
regarded the case as an exceptional one, and
opposed the memorial. He argued against
unlimited freedom of intercourse where re
ciprocity was denied, and at an adjourned
meeting of the citizens the memorial was re- .
jected. leaving the whole matter as before,
in the hands of Congress and the Executive.
The result which was aimed at in the coun
tervailing resolutions of Congress was Soon
seen in the partial removal of the British re
strictions. When this was done, President
Monroe opened the ports of the United
States to thes,vessels of the British West In
dies. Mr. Cardozo took an active part in
the establishment, in 1823, of the Charleston
chamber of Commerce. The tariff of 1824
met with little or no united opposition from
the south. When, in *1827, an increase of
protection was agitated, it resulted in the act
of 1828. Mr, C. brought the subject before
the chamber, and was one of a committee
appointed to draft a memorial to Congress,
which unanimously adopted by the
citizens dPfc-harft*Btoa in a public meeting.';
The arguments on the subject, however* new,
rapidly made their way into the public mind
ol that State, and constituted the chief po
litical capital of the press and parties. The
agitation ripened into nullification, the con
troversies upon which began in 1828. Mr.
Cardozo continued ills opposition to the pro
tective tariff, still maintained his free trade
argument, but declined to adopt the extreme
practical results to which nullification was
expected to conduct. The advocates of
nullification succeeded in the State, but Mr.
C. forfeited none of the public esteem in con
sequence of his course. He continued to con
duct the “Southern Patriot,’’ keeping it
steadily the exponent of the comrawiial
principles of which he had been so long the
advocate, until 1845, when he sold the paper,
and soon after, in the samd year, established
the*“Evening News,” another daily news
paper, with which he has ever since been as
sociated as commercial editor. His reputa
tion as a political ceonomist has become fixed
in the esteem ot the Southern people, though
few know how extensively he has written
on all the subjects we have indicated. He
has contributed to the “Southern Quarterly
Review’’ and other periodicals, and in 1826,
he published “Notes on Political Economy,”
1 vol. Bvo.
The dAPiTOu—The dome of the Capitol,
upon which the hammer has been busy for
the last four years, at last stands up in the
summer air, a finished and most graceful
piece of architecture. Crawford’s statue of
“America,” put into colossal, bronze by
Clark Mills, surmounts the dome—a beauti
ful creation of art. The atrocious and bar
barous head-gear, consisting of a eviscerated
eagle, with a row of stiff quillrf down its
back, is evett more objactionable than when
it was upon the ground. It is some satisfac
tion to remember that this cap was designed
by Jeff. Davis, wheh he was Pierce’s Secre
tary of War, and to know that, in death, as
in life, it will be added to the list of his sins.
It is also to be regretted that the Goddess ,
turns her back resolutely upon the city and
upon the West, whither “ the star of Empire”
moves, and faces the Old World, with its
despotisms and follies. But, these objections
aside, the effect of the new dome is very
grand, and the Capitol presents a harmony
of outline and proportion which it was feared
it never would obtain. Inside, soldieis and
visitors wander listlessly through the desert
ed halls, sit in the seats of members and
reverend Senators, and tfwake the echoes by
hammering upon the desk* where Colfax,
Grow, Banks, Orr, Winthrop, Hunter, Folk,
John Bell and Henry Clay have hammered
in by-gone years.
The striking and spirited picture of the
“Storming of the Heights of Cbepultepec,”
which has recently hela position at the head
of the north stairs, is superceded by the
mongrel picture of “ Old Chippewa,” repre
senting a cerulean Scott riding a pink horse
with a Solferino tail, across a yellow mea
dow—a very caricature, in fact, but no doubt
accepted by the shbject of it, in all its tawdry
gorgeousness, as a genuine thing. It is ‘a
touler attempt upon the old hero’s life than
even hie recent autobio.jraphy. —Rochester