stump or stamps denoting the duty required;
and w henever any bond or note is secured by
mortgage, but one stamp duty is required on
such paper, such stamp duty being required
for such instruments, or either of them. In
such case a note or memorandum of the value
or denomination of the stamp affixed should
be made upon the margin or in the acknowl
edgment of the instrument which is not
The Savannah Daily Herald.
S. W. Masow & Cos., Proihiktoeh.
Sunn. W. Mason, Et>itor.
SAVANNAH, WEDNESDAY, JULY 6, 1%5.
Observance in Savannah and Vi
TV&XfiOVV or THU FXRUftSCFN
Salutes, Bell-IHiijjiiiff and F 1 Ir
ina.' of Crackers.
Plc-Nic Party—Excursion Down the River-
Ball at the Volks Garten.
Fireworks in the Evening
The weather yesterday was most auspi
cious. The sun rose in undimmed splendor,
and, with the exception of being somewhat
warm, the day was fine and pleasant
Throughout JYlonday night, and before day,
the occasional discharge of fire-arms or fire
crackers, anticipated the dawn of Indepen
dence Day, but the celebration prqper was
inaugurated at -sunrise by the firing of a sa
lute of artillery stationed in the Armory
Square, by the ringing of the various hells' ot
the city, and by the universal noise of private
demonstrations. From that time until a late
hour in the evening the celebration proceed
ceeded with much vigor, every one takiug
part according as inclination dictated. The
streets, during such hours as the heat of the
sun would not render promenading uncom
fortable, were thronged with crowds of pleas
ure-seekers ; numerous private parties were
gathered, where patriotism overflowed iu
many a lively toast The firemen and others
paraded in procession through the streets,
attracting large numbers of spectators, and
the day closed witli a fine display of fire
works, which appropriately wound up one of
the most widely observed returns of the
Fourth of July ever known in the South.
At 8 o’clock the troops all paraded by
regiments, and listened to the reading of the
Declaration of Independence aud the Eman
cipation Proclamation, after which they had
In the afternoon the 103d U. S. C. T. had
a dress parade, in which enlisted men acted
as officers throughout. The display was
The display of National colors was very
general. At sunrise Mr. Uriah Cranston,
Mr. Fred Lapham and Air. Archibald McAl
lister, members of the Georgia Union Club,
hoisted the National coloHMm the Exchange.
The colors of the Adams Ekpress Company,
were also displayed. Thefollowing displays
of the flag were noticed: The windows, bel
fry etc., of the Exchange were adorned with
minature flags by Mr. John Crawjflnrd, and
Mr. William Rankin. The office of Capt. S. S.
Starr, A. Q. M., in the Central Rail Road
Bank Building |was handsomely decorated,-
as also were the premises of Mr. T. Nugent,
Jr., ißull street. Lieut. Knowlton, north
side of Bay street, Germania Fire Compauy
No 10, Washington, Fire Company No. 9,
and Black & Duggan, Union corner, Bay
street. The colors of the Consuls accredited
to the U. S. Government for Savannah, were
The parade of the Colored Fire Com
At four o’clock the fire companies, manned
by the colored people, formed their line on
South Broad street, the right resting on the
Fireman’s Hall. They moved in the order
given below down South Broad street to East
Broad through East Broad to Bay, up Bay to
the Exchange, where they were dismissed.
We give the following as the strength of the
Warren Fire Company No. 1, and Hose
Cart, 105 men, uniform white pants, blue
vhirts trimmed with red. Obert Miller, first
foreman. Engine manufactured by Smith,
NeW York. *
Pulaski No. 2, uniform -white shirts with
black trimtniug3. The engine was manned
by 85 men, and the hose carriage by 38 men,
Win. Jordan, first foreman.
Lewis Glenn, First Assistant, Amos Dens
lcr Second Assistant, Richard Wauing Third
Assistant, and Captain of Hose Carriage. '
Franklin Fire Company No. 3, 113 men;
First Foreman Sylvester Proctor.
Tonahoui' No. 7, 80 men; First Foreman
Fire Engine Company No. 11, 75
meu, First Foreman, James Reddy, uniform,
white pants, blue shirt, glazed caps.
Sergant Major Win. Davidson, of Pulaski
Fire Company No. 2, with several of his
fiiends, furnished the music on this occasion.
White the companies were in line a slight
difficulty occurred between white soldiers on
one aide, aud colored soldiers and firemen on
the other, w’Ut the disturbance was quelled
before it reached sufficient importance to de
serve elaborate mention.
In the Hospital*
The day was not forgotten. An Order from
Col. Clymer, Medical Director, had directed
that all work that which was abso
lutely necessary should be dispensed with on
the Fourth, and generally that the day should
be observed as a holiday.
Dr. J K. Bigelow, Medical Director of the
Post, determined that these instructions
should be carried out according to the most
liberal construction. All the inmates of the
various Hospitals in the city were assembled
under the Doctor’s direction in the Pavillion
Hospital for the occasion. About five hun
dred of the boys were thus gathered together
iu the dining hall of the Pavillion. The hall
was appropriately and handsomely decorated
the national emblems, and the insignia
of the army, the badges of the Nineteenth
and Twentieth Army. Corps figuring con
spicuously. A splendid dinner, well worthy
of the occasion was laid in the hall, to which
the soldiers seated themselves, and, it is
seedless to say, did full justice. The affair
was a most successful and delightful one, and
the wounded and sick heroes who participa
ted reckoned it almost good fortune to have
been placed in such a position as to require
tbe kind offices of their friend and benefac
tor, Dr. J. K. Bigelow, who was the recipient
of hearty toasts and enthusiastic cheers.
Many thanks are due to Mrs. Wiuton, the
Chief Matron, for her untiring exertions in
The Declaration of Independence and the
Emancipation Proclamation were read to the
patients by Dr. Bigelow.
were fired with great accuracy, under the di
rection of Capt. Fisk, of Gen. Birge's Staff.
The following was the detail from the 90th
New York Volunteers :—No. 1 Piece—
Sergt. G. W. Lyle, Cos. B, Gunuer; C. S.
Treadwell, James Dunn, Edward Reily,. Pat
rick Donnelly, Nat. Preston, and Daniel
Sullivan, of Cos. A. No. 2 Piece—Sergt.
Thomas Kelly, Cos. C, Gunner; A. 11. Lord,
Geo. Dean, W. 11. Rathbun, A. L. Olmstead,
Cos. E; J. S. Allen, and W. A. Chapman,
Cos. D. '’The guns used on this occasion were
brass six pounders made in the, Conlederate
States ; the powder, tow- and friction primer
were all captured property. The guns were
placed in St. Julian Street near the Head
Quarters of Bvt. Maj. Gen. Birge, and
east of Johnson Square.
Thirty-six guns were fired at sunrise, one
hundred at meridian, and twenty five at sun
Germania Fire Company No. 10.
This organization of adopted citizeus ap-r
peared at three o’clock on parade, Henry
Blunn, First Foreman, in command. The
Savannah City Orchestra, Mr. Geo. Weigaud
Leader, assisted by the 14th New Hamp
shire Regimental Brass Band, Geo. A. Day,
Leader, furnished the music on the occasion.
The Germania turned out fifty-six men, aud
proceeding from their Hall to South Broad
street, with their engine and hose
marched down South Broad, through East
Broad to Bay street; up Bay to West Broad,
through West Broad to Broughton, and
thence to their engine house, through Mont
gomery street. The Germania on this occa
sion made au exceedingly fine appearance in
their new uuiforn: of red shirts and white
The Germania Fire Company wound up
their celebratiou wit h a grand ball at tbe
Volks Garten, which was well attended, and
was a thoroughly enjoyable affair.
Excursion Down the River.
Duriug the afternoon Capt. S. S. Starr, the
efficient Chief Quarterimatei, having busi
ness at Port Pulaski, invited a small party of
gentlemen to accompany him on the-steamer
Emilie, for a Fourth of July excursion, and
the result wy one of the pleasantest parties
of the season, in all respects. The band of
the 12th Maiue was with the expedition,
and on the way down the ears of the guests
were delighted with excellent music, and
their eyes with the luxuriant foliage of the
trees on either side of the river, while their
cheeks were fanned with cool breezes, far
preferable to the oppressive, dusty, sultry at
mosphere of tfee town. The awning of the
Emilie just accommodated the party, shelter
ing them from the sun without depriving
them of the refreshing breezes. A dinner
was served on the way down, and there was
no stint of refreshments.
In passing the guard ship and several other
boats, exchanges of salutes with colors and
cheers were made. Several fine vocalists
were comprised in the party who added much
to the entertainment of the party. On ar
riving at Fort Pulaski, while Capt. Starr was
transacting his business, the party had an
opportunity to look over that interesting
work, and pome were introduced to several
of the (Jjgtlnguished State prisoners sojourn
The Emilie started on her return at dusk,
and as we came up the river we had a fine
view in the distance of the fireworks being
displayed in Savannah, while on the left the
lurid flames of a burning plantation house
lighted up the horizon, creating a sublime
Ou the trip rip, Captain Starr was loudly
called on by the company, and in response
to three hearty cheers, and complimentary
remarks all around he made a speech, the
best for au excursion speech we have heard
for many a month. He was eloquent and
racy, and got the company in the best of ju
nior. Several other speeches were made,
interspersed with music.
Just as the boat arrived at tbe levee, the
well-pleased party adqgted'a vote : of (banks
to Capt. StaiT, und to the officers of the
Much of the credit of the arrangements for
making the party pleasant is due to Col. N.
W- Day, Col. Henry Graham, 22d lowa, was
also very attentive’ to tue comfort ot the party
the of 131st New York, who was most assi
duous in his efforts to render the trip pleas
As night approached the demonstrations
broke forth in renewed brilliancy. From all
quarters were to be seen private displays of
fireworks ; snapping tire crackers, squibs,
Roman candles and rockets illuminated the
streets in every direction. The chief public
pyrotechuic exhibition, however, took place
at the Exchange. The fireworks *were dis
charged from the portico of the Exchange,
and beiqg in full view of Bull street, made a
striking display.- Several most beautiful
pieces were fired, among them triangles, file
wheels, and torbillions, which, together with
the beautiful Roman candles, and the'splen
did rockets made a most brilliant exhibition,
and reflected much credit upon the mana
gers An immense crowd of people thronged
Bull 9treet and Bay street in the vicinity of
the Exchange, among whom perfect order
Mr. J. E. Hayes, of the Republican, used
untiring diligence in malting this display a9
creditable a substitute as possible for the fire
works ordered from New York, but which did
A Gratifying Fact
In connection with this celebration, and an
unusual circumstance, is that not a single se
rious accident occurred that we are aware of,
aud that there was not even an alaim of fire.
Colored Soldier Hurt.
Since writing the above we learn that the
Drum Major of the 33d U. S. C. T. was se
riously injured yesterday iu the disturbances
previously alluded to. It is feared he will
die in consequence of his hurts.
THE CELEBRATION AT HILTON HEAD
One of our correspondents sends us a full
account of the grand celebration at Hilton
Head, too lengthy for publication this even
ing. The programme was carried out very
nearly as announced by the Herald.
A NATIONAL DEBT A NATIONAL BLES
This hacknied phrase is now bandied about
by the American papers as if not bad not any
of the flavor of originalit y. It is however as
old as Monarchy itself. That it ever should
have found favor in a Republic excites sur
prise. Those who first employed the phrase
did not use it in a financial but political sense—
as a bond of union where the debt was due
from the government to the people among
whom it was contracted, and not as a fiscal
contrivance. In the latter sense it is a total
It would seem to be an obvious conclusion
that if the debt is duplicated the blessing
must be increased two fold, and that if so
augmented as that the interest should absorb
tbe entiie National income; the nation would
be proportionally benefltted.
AU this, to use a vulgar phrase, is mere
bolderdash. All <Jebt,whether individual or na
tional, is injurious, and obstructive of pro
gress. In the case of a nation it is attended
by increased taxation to pay the interest.
The comparison has been made between
the United States and Great Britain as to the
magnitude of their public debt, respectively,
and its being due to their own citizens. There
is here no analogy. The British debt is al
most exclusively due to British subjects, it is
true. A large part, lipwfcver, of our war debt
is due to foreigners—to Germans. The Bri
tish government has no creditors abroad, or
very few, to whom they are compelled to
remit the interest annually, which forms a
part of the revenue of foreigners. The gov
ernment of the United States occupies the re
verse position. *lt is the debtor for the sums
it has borrowed abroad, and is compelled to
transfer specie or bills to meet the annual
charge for interest, and occasionally for pay
ment of principal when there is a money
pressure among their foreign creditors.
We agree with the upholders of this doc
trine, that a National debt is a Nation bless
ing, In the views with, which they ac
coropap*. this financial absurdity, of the
of our resources, present and
prospective, to meet all our National en
gagements. These engagements should give
us no concern when we look to the future.
Let the future answer the call on the,re
sources of the future, if existing resources
should fail. It is no more than just that as
we have been fighting the battles of posterity,
that posterity should contribute its share oi
the burden of preserving the Union.
The way of treating this matter of a pub
lic debt unparalleled in amount is to accept
it as a political necessity—as the price of
Nationality, and not seek by exageration and
fallacy to delude the public. We have to
foot the bill to defray the charges incurred
by the war, and bare our shoulders to the
burden as best we may.
We have seen quoted the celebrated pas
sage in jVJacaulay’s History of Euglaud, in
Which he shows Akat with every progressive
step in adding to the public burdens, in Eng
land, there was a still more advanced stage
in National wealth and prosperity. The debt
rapidly augmented from the accession of
William the Third until it culminated in the
reign of Qeqrge the Third, at the conclusion
of the American war, in the prodigious sum
of between eight hundred and nine
millions sterlmg. But the way to view this
social phenomenon is, that within that period
several causes had concurred to give an ex
traordinary impulse to British improvement
—the monopoly of trade —maritime ascen
manufactures and an equally flourishing
Still Later from the North*
ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMSHIP AMERICA.
Dates oF\Ju.ly Ist.
HEALTH OF THE PRESIDENT.
IMPORTANT ARMY CHANGES.
From Kirby Smith's Scattered Army.
&c., &c., &c.
arrival of the America, Capt. Clift,
we are in possession of files of New r York
papers to July Ist, inclusive. Purser Robt.
H. Owen, of the America, has placed us un
der obligations for favors.
Mr. Johnson’s Health.
The President’s health was such to-day
that he was unable to receive visitors at 9:30
o’clock this evening. • He is somewhat bet
ter, but it is doubtful whether be will be able
to attend to any business this week, though
he expects to be present at the Cabinet meet
Army Consolidation—Change of Com
Th*Times Washington special says :
A comprehensive order relating to the con
solidation of the different armies, and to the
departments of the new military divisions, is
about to be issued. As soon as the present
mustering out of troops is completed, the
several corps of the Army of the Potomac
will each be reduced to a division, the whole
to constitute a provisional army corps, to be
commanded by Major Gen. Wright, head
quarters at Martlnsburgh, Va. Tbe Second
Corps division is to be commanded by Brevet
Maj. Gen. Mott; the Fifth Corps division by
Rrevet Maj. Gen. Ayres ; the Sixth Corps
Division by Brevet Maj. Gen. Getty. The
Middle Military Division is abolished, and a
new department, consisting of Pennsylvania,
Delaware, Maryland, Western Virginia,
Maj. Gen. Hancock, commanding, head
quarters at Baltimore. The Department of
the East remains as it is, but Maj. General
Hooker will succeed Maj. Gen. Dix in his
command, headquarters at New York.
The New York Herald says:
•The extraordinary feat,of driving a horse,
hitched to a light sulky, from Boston to Port
land, a distance of about one hundred and
twelve miles, between sunrise and sunset,
some minutes over fifteen hours, was at
tempted one day this week, for a wager oi'
two thousand dollars, by Edward Brackett,
of Roxbury, Mass., with his geldiDg Lyon.
The start w r as made from Boston at the ap
pointed time, and all went well until within
about four miles and a half of Portland, a
full half hour ot the stipulated time yet re
mapping, when the horse staggered and fell,
as though iu a fit, and shortly after died. It
is estimated that over twenty thousand dol
lars had been bet on the affair.
Fraud* in Importation.
Several delegations of commercial men
from New York have have been here to-day
iu consultation with the Secretary of the
Treasury aud Solicitor Jordan, with reference
to the frauds committed upon the govern
ment in the matter of under valuations of
importations. The facts presented prove
that the most extensive Muds have beeu aud
are now being perpetrated. The subject has
absorb id the attention of the Solicitor for
seveial days, and his action is likely to cause
prominent personages to come to grief pre
From Kirby Smith's Army.
The New York Herald’s despatch Says :
Up to the 21st of June ten thousand men
oi Kirby Smith’s rebel army had been parol
ed and ninety pieces of artillery and twenty
thousand stands of arms had been surren
dered. Os the general officers of Smith’s
army some sixteen or eighteen had been par
oled, including Buckrtfer and old Stirling
Price, of Missouri, whom rumor has so often
killed and as often brought to life again.—
Generals Shelby and Magruder have taken
refuge in Mexico, with their leader, Kirby
Smith himself. General Gordon Granger on
the 17th ult., issued at Galvestou his order
assuming command of all the troops in Texas.
The Mexican imperialists at Matamoros have
recently been very%uch excited over a re
port that there will shortly be seventy thou
sand United States troops along the Rio
Grande, on the Texas side. A fleet of trans
ports carrying the Fourth corps, destined for
the Rio Grande, passed New Orleans on the
Stock Market*, etc
The stttk market was stronger yesterday,
and a general improvement of prices took
place. Governments also improved. Gold
was steady, and, after opening at 139,closed
at 111 1-2 on the street, and at the same
price at night.
Cotton was quiet aud somewhat lower
with stiles of about 800 bales at ouf quota
.. Upland Florida. Mobile. NO AT
GoodMiudling. .46 4T "
Rice was dull and heavy.
Sugar— The market’was very firm, with
sales of 400 hhds. Cuba at 10 3-4 c. a 11 l-2c
™dl4o hhds. Porto Rico at 12c. a 15c. Also
400 hhds. grocery and refined grades on pri
vate terms. *
Tallow was quiet at 10c. a 11c.
Tobacco.— There is less activity, but pri
ces are steady. Sales 163 hhds. Kentucky
?j , a ,32c., 74 bales Havana and 25
hhqs. \ agima strips on- p. t.
Rules fob the Post Provost Court.-
Under our Court head will befouud announc
ed the appointment of a Committee to estab
lish rules for the Post Provost Court.
July sth. By au inadvertanoe on the out
side the Herald is dated July 6th.
SAD OROWVTVG ACCIDENT.
Death of Mr. Alcxauder Hogg.
We are pained to announce the death by
drowning, of Mr. Alexander Hogg, firm of
Mackey, Hogg & Cos., No. 2, Stoddards
Block. Mr. Hogg, in tbe morning, joined a
party of of business aquaintauces for an ex
cursion to White Bluff, visiting what is known
as the Betr Cole place. While there Mr.
Hogg, accompanied by Mr. Leavy, of this
city, went on a boat excursion. They had
been wading in shallow water, and
had returned to their boat, when Mr. Hogg,
not knowing that they had floated into deep
er water, jumped out, in sport. The water
was beyond his depth, and as he was not a
swimmer he was drowned. Mr. Leahry used
e r ery effort to save hi i friend and even pi r!-
ed his own life, but without avail.
Mr. Hogg’s body has not yet been recov
Deceased was about 44 years old, .and has
resided in Savannah about six weeks, ac
quiring man)' warm friends by bis good busi
ness and social qualities. He was a native
of Ireland, but has long been in the Grocery
and Commission business in Philadelphia,
where his firm is known as a wealthy and
honorable one. He leaves a wife and three
Personal.— Col. Horace P. Rugg, of the
Savannah Herald store, arrived from New
York on the America. We are indebted to
him for late files.
Thanks. —We have to tender our thanks to
Pilot Wallace Smith, of the steamer
diac,” for late copies of New York papers;
also for former favors.
Alexander H. Stephens. —Speaking of the
provisional governments of the Gulf States,
the Louisville Journal says:
If the Government will release Alexander
H. Stephens, and request him to go and use
his influence in connection with Gov. John
son, to restore law and order upon the basis
already adopted, it will perform an act which,
while elevating the Government itself, both
at home and abroad, will gratify and re-assure
an overwhelming majority not only of the
people of Georgia, but of every Southern
We admit that Mr. Stephens did wrong in
yielding to the hurricane oi' passion, how
ever fiercely it raged, and allowing himself
to be placed in the Vice-Presidential Chair
by tbe Montgomery usurpers. Well dd
we recollect the feelings of sadness aud
gloom with which we were oppressed as
tile news of his weakness, and, if y6u please,
his wickeduess, was flashed oyer the wires,
hot with fire and the frantic passions of the
moment. But let no man judge him who
was not himself m the midst of the blast
as it came hissing and surging and de
vouring up as if from the nethermost depths
of hell. It was terrib^ enough in the border
States and the conservative States like Vir
ginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, and North
Carolina, but iu the Gulf States, Georgia,
Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana,
Texas, its uncontrollable fury beggats all
description. Passing over this, we cannot
forget how persistently and eloquently Mr.
Stephens defended the Union cause, bow he
opposed secession and war and revolution
before the people and Legislature of his
State, how he warned them of the conse
quences, and how he implored them, almost
with tears in his eyes, to pause before taking
the dreadful plunge; neither can we forge;
how constantly he‘sought at every favorable
opportunity to make peace, and thus stop
this horrible carnage after the war had be
gun. If tbe power to terminate the strug
gle had rested in his hands, it would not
have lasted six months, nay, it never would
have had a beginning.
flipping || ntdligsiuc..
PORT OF SAVANNAH.
• July 3—Steamer Zodiac, New York.
Pasengers— C B Lovejoy, N W Clark, H W Webb. R
r WTiSe ’« r w CrC -,’. H Koemgtberger, E D Dortie, f
R Welch. 8 P Hamilton, N Hubbard, J A Totlen, C
Perrin, WII Derrhum, Mr* Man-ison, C L Settletter, E
C Halleck, L (i Watftoq* L b Morel
Consignees— Adam* Express Company, Blun & Meyer,
G II Briggs, CH Bateson. Brigham, Baldwin & Cos. Spratt
& Callahan, FCerveao, A L DeLorge, DeWitt A Morgan.
BF Einstem. SH Ecknjan, Erwin & Hardee, Estes£
2 f'U C TvP V C L Gilbert - Halsey. Watson
&. Cos, Hdtou & RandeM, SP Hamilton. .1 &F M Hamiltoa.
.lolin Ryan, Wiilet Howe, J N Rein & Cc, A Lefflo“ R J
Larcomb, James Leary, John Lama, Lovell & Lattimore,
S M Lederer, J Mayor & Cos, M S
Meyer- J C Maker & Cos, J N Mull# Melnhard i Bro.
J McMahon, Mackey, Hogg* Cos, GWNlcUols, TNugent,
H O Byrne, C K Osgood, Miss Owens, Presdee A Oril, H
G Ruwe A Cos, Robinson & Van Dorn, W H Sherwood,
\ SkehßTi, A A Solomons & Cos, JF Schuster. T & TANARUS, Weed
Cornwell A C s E P'fonnison, B Q Tilden, W Wood
bridge, G W Allen, W M Walsh.
SozonosT Gratifies all who use it.
Sold by Druggista aud Perfhmen
iJTW K, 1 ■ ’
FOR NEW YORK.
The new and elegant steamship AMERICA Capt
Clift, will leave for the above port on •
SATURDAY, JULY Btu,
For Freight or passage apply to
BRIGHAM, BALDWIN A CO.,
jy OTICE. ’ _ “
Consignees per steamer America are hereby notified
to receive their goods now landing at Central Pre»
Freight payable on the wharf before the delivery of
BRIGHAM, BALDWIN & CO.,
Six good Ship Carpenters cun have immediate em
ployment at good wages, bv applying to
, , ' JAMES MILLIKENS,
■lyo-a Augnata, Go.
HEADERS DISTRICT OF SAVANNAH,
Savannah, Ga„ June 24, 1806. <
General Order, 1
Lieut Elijah Swift, 38th Mass. Hpls, at hls-awn re
qnes. Is relieved fyom the duties aud responsibilities
incident to the charge of the civil fund of this District.
Lieut. Morris M. Davidson, ITOih New York Vole
will reneve Lieut. Swift and take charge of the civil
fund at once, receipting to Lieut. Swill therefor.
By command of Brevet Major Gin. IURGE
Rout. F. Wilkinson, Mai. and A. A. A. G.