SAVANNAH DAILY HER ATT)
VOL. 1-NO. 145.
The Savannah Daily Herald
(MORNING AND EVENING*
> U PCHUBHEP BT
Is. W. MAJoON 4fe CO..
At 1U Rat Street, Sa.ta.nxab. Gioksia.
Per Copy '• Five Cent?.
Per Hundred • - .$3 w.
. Per Year • ** lo
Two Dollars per Square of Ten Lines for first in
sertion ; One Dollar for each subsequent one Ad
vertisement# inserted in the morning, will, if desired,
appear in the evening without extra charge.
i In every style, neatly and promptly done;
JCS= 111 Til I ».1~. >" • . ..-if •,
LOW KATES ON RIVER BETWEEN SAVANNAH
JACKSONVILLE AND SAVANNAH.
The undersigned are now prepared to take risks per
earner to Augusta, and Steamer or Flat from
AT LOWER RATES THAN CAN BE OFFERED BY
ANY OTHER PARTIES IN THIS PLACE.
Also, by Steam and Sailing Vessels to and from
CHAS. L. COLBY A CO.,
ju2B-lw cor. Bay and Abercom stg.
JS YOUR l;£e insured?
This Is an important question for every man and
important also for every wife and mother as it affects
their future welfare.’ ,
SEE TO IT AT ONCE. DO NOT DELAY.
.The “Knickerbocker Life Insurance’’ of New York
will iasnro you at the usual rates in any sura from SIOO
SIO,OOO. They also issue the f vorite TEN YEAR
NON-FORFEITUKE Policies, and will after two years
payment give a lull f>aid up Policy for Two Tenths the
whole sum, and Three Years Three Tenths, gad so
on. Thus a Policy oi $lt»,Ooo. Two Premium* paid
upon it will be entitled to a paid up Policy of si,ooo.
and five years five-tenths for every additional year.
For former tfifonaatror fiputy to
a. Wilbur, Agent,
At the office of the Home Insurance Cos.,
ju27 . 83 Bny st., Savaunah, Ga.
rrtlE NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE LNSU-
X RANCH COMPANY, OF BOSTON.
- This is oneof the oldest- and best Companies in
Policies on'Lives for any amount up to $15,000 are
taken by them ... . 1
Thepohci- sos these Companies were not cancelled
during the war uuul neurd ir.'rt—a fact wnich shews
their dealing and determination to be Just and honor*
able in alt cuses. Apply to
Ju2T A. WILBUR, Agent.
i'ORK ' ■■ •-•...-•■‘.-an r.
YUiE AND MARINE INSURANCE AGENCY,
— XErXSBSXTTSiO TWB
SECURITY INSURANCE COMPANY; *•.
MANHATTAN INSURANCE COMPANY;
rftßNCt FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY ;
CASH CAPITAL of over FOUR MILLIONS.
J.isks takciaon all descriptions of Property 0 n rea
aole- terarsby * A- A. LANE, Agfc
ay- office in Stoddard’s Range, Bay street, oppo
site Hrjna.no office.
juts i- I mo
(MARINE; INSURANCE COMPANY
OF NEW TORE,
- CASH CAP1TAL............. .. ........... $8,800,000.
The undersigned are prepared to Insure under Open
Policy from the above Company to the extent of sloo,*
00g in properly in any first class Steamer, and from
$60,000 to $75.U00 on any first class sailing vessel, on
, the moat favorable New York terms. ;
■ For further particnlan* apply to „
CHARLES L. COLBY & CO
( Jonee Block; corner Bay and Abercoru streets,
L jel.S if Savannah, Ga.
EIGHTH SPECIAL AQEN'CY, \
ChoitefctoiyS. C., June- 20, 18$5. >
, The undersigned, iu addition to his duties as As
—««!ta t Specittl Agent of the-K-ifdt--Agency. - has been
assigned to the charge of the Eighth Agency as Depu
ty Supervising Special Agent.
. All coranrauicatious relating to the business of the
business of the fifth Agency should be addressed to
Port Royal, S. C., and all relating to business in the
Eighth Agency should be addressed to Charleston,
JOHN H. PILSBURY,
Ju2S ' _ Deputy Supervising Agent.
GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
Dealers iu Sheeting, Shirting, Osuaburgs, Yams,
Rope, Bagging, Manufactured aud Smoking Tobacco,
<Ssc., &c. '
Particular attention given to the Purchase, Sale and
Shipment of COTTON.
Ralstok’s GaAstm Ranbx;—Tsuxd Ramos,
Rbteetruces.—Ervrln <fc Hardee, Claghom i Cun
ningham, &avaunah;-L. G Bowers, S. M. Farrar, Cos
lumou3; E. B. nong-s Cos., L. B, Duvib, Augusta; P
Y. Pease. V. A. Gasttiil, Atlanta. ,iu3B.lm
The paper above named is published at Hilton Head
S. C., by M. J. McKemma.
It is designed by the Publisher to make on Interest
ing and Instructive Paper, not only for
but a WELCOME WEEKLY VISITOR to all residents
of Hilton Head.
It will contain Original LOCAL NEWS, a summary
NORTHERN NEWS, and carefully Selected MIS
CELLANEOUS ITEMS. Ju3-tf
|>oobs aniJ i|lo^hio.
WHOI.UXLK AND UTAH. DCAUtBS in
SUTLERS' AND NAVAL STORES, DRY odoDS,
BOOTS AND SHOES, HATS AND CAM;
GrafTLEsrsa’s Funmuoia Goods, Ac.,
No 6 Merchants’ Row, ; Hilton Head, S. C.,
w. c. BIDDEI.L fjul3-tf] a. J. XUBDOCX.
ARRIVAL OF GOODR
SKEHAN A CONYNGHAM.
Os 178 Broughton Strut, *
Receive by every steamer fresh consignments of Goods
from New York, consisting of
BOOTB and SHOES,
Ladies' BALMORALS. Ac.,
Gentlemen's Felt and Straw -HATS,
CLOTHING, GROCERIES, WINES,
Dublin and London PORTER,
Golden ALE, in Cases and Barrels;
Also—A choice selection of GARDEN SEEDS,
Which we offer at low prices to the Trade.
r JX) THE CITIZENS or GEoitGIA
The termination of a Bangninary contest, which for
the past four years has presented an impassable barrier
to all social or commercial inter coarse between the
two great sections of onr country, having at length
happily cleared away all obstante* to a removal of
those relations which formerly bound ns together in a
fraternal union, I take the earliest opportunity afford
ed me by this auspicious event to greet my Southern
friends, and to solicit from them a renewal of that ex.
tensive business connection which for a quarter of a
century has been uninterrupted save by the great pub
lic calamity to which I have adverted.
It Is scarcely necessary, on the threshold of a busi
ness re-union, I should repeat the warning so often
given to my friends.—to beware of all those spurious
and de'eterious compounds which, under the specious
and false titles of Imported Wines, Bra ndies, Holland
Gin. Liquors, &c„ have been equally destructive to
the health of our citizens and prejudicial to the interest
of the legitimate Importer.
Many vears of my past life have been expended In
an open and candid attempt to expose these wholesale
frauds; no time nor expense has been spared to ac
complish this salutary purpose, and to place before
my friends and the public generally; at the lowest
possible market price, and in such quantities as might
suit their convenience, a truly genuine imported arti
Twenty-five years’ business transactions with the
largest and most respectable exporting houses in
France and Great Britain have afforded me unsurpass
ed facilities for supplying our home market with
Wines, Liquors, and Liquefs of the best and most ap
proved brands In Europe, in addition to my own dis
tillery in Holland for the manufacture of the “Schie
The latter, so long tested and approved by the med
ical Faculties of the United States, West Indies and
South America as an invaluable Therapeutic, a whole
some, pleasant, and perfectly safe beverage in all cli
mates and during all seasons, quickly excited the cu
pidity of the home manufacturers and venders of a
spurious article under the same name.
I trust that I have, after much toil and expense, sur
rounded all my importations with safeguards and di
rections which with ordinary circumspection will In*
sure their delivery, as I reoeive them from Europe, to
all my customers. •
I would, however, recommend in all cases where it
is possible, that orders be sent direct to my Depy>t, 22
Beaver street, New York, or that purchases be made
of my accredited agents.
In addition to a large stock of Wines, Brandies, &c.,
in wood, I have a considerable supply of old tried for
eign »Ines, embracing vintages of many past years,
bottled up before the commencement of tbs war,
which I can especially recommend to all connoisseurs
of these rare luxuries.
In conclusion, I would specially call the early atten
tion of my Southern customers to the advantage to be
derived by transmitting their orders without loss of
lime, or calling personally at the Depot, in order to
insure the fulfillment of their favors from the present
large and well selected assortment.
ju23 lm 32 Beaver street, Nsw York.
\TACKY, HOGG A 00.,
General commission merchants,
No. 2 Stoddard’s Block, opposite Custom House,
Having opened a House at the above stand, In eon*
nectioa won our House in Philadelphia* we offer to
-250 barrels Bourbon and Rye "Whiskey; Hama
Breakfastßacon and Shoulders. Bagged Beef, Lard
Broom , Washboards, Lime in hogsheads, &c.
Consignments to our House in Philadelphia solici
ted. MACKT, HOGG A Cos,
No. 2 Stoddard's Block, Savannah, Ga.
jußo-lm 26 South Water street. Philadelphia,
The Proprietor of the
Begs to announce to his numerous patrons that be has
made a number of improvements in the machinery at
tached to his establishment, aud is now prepared to
furnish his customers with a full supply of the best
GRITS AND MEAL,
and everything that ran be expected from a
FIRST-CLASS MILLING ESTABLISHMENT,
He pledges himself to always sell his Goods and do
25 PER CENT LESS
for the benefit of the citizens, than many of his com
petitors. He is prepared to grind Wheat and Com at
the customary X toil, and in addition will, as above
stated, always be prepared to furnish his friends with
everything iu the old dtyle.
His place of business is at tbe well-known spot at
the FOOT OF BROUGHTON STREET ialV ts
>e Regular Annual Meeting of the Stockholders of
the Southern Insurauce and Trust Company will oe
held at the office of the Company, in bavauuah, on
YV ednosdiy, lUth July, 1886, lor the purpose of elect
ing Direct ore for the ensuing year, and for the tran
saction of such other business as may be brought be
fore the meeting. *
H. BRIGHAM, President,
Per J.C. McNULTY,
iu® jttf AssUtaut Secretary
SAVANAH, GA., THURSDAY, JULY 6, 1865.
FROM OUR EVENING EDITION
Observance in Savannah and Vi
TuRSf iCI VT OF THIS FX&SMSST
Salutes, Bell-Ringlug and Fir*
lng .of Crackers. *
FicoHic Party—Excursion Down the River-
Ball at the Volks Garten.
Fireworks in the Evening
The weather yesterday was most auspi-
The sun rose in undimmed spleudor,
and, with the exception of being somewhat
warm, the day was fine and pleasant.—
Throughout Monday night, and before day,
the occasional discharge of fire-arms or fire
crackers, anticipated the ddwn of Indepen
dence Day, but the celebration proper was
inaugurated at sunrise by the firing Os a sa
lute ol artillery stationed in the Armory
Square, by the ringing of the various bells of
the city, and by the universal noise of private
demonstrations. From that time until a late
hour in the evening the celebration proceed
ceeded with much vigor, every one taking
part according as inclination dictated. The
streets, during such hours as the heat of the
sun would not render promenading uncom
fortable, were thronged with crowds of pleas
ure-seekers ; numerous private parties were
gathered, where patriotism overflowed in
many a lively toast The firemen and others
paraded in procession through the streets;
attracting large numbers of spectators, and
the day closed with a fine display of fire
works, which appropriately wohnd up one of
the moat .widely observed returns of the
Fourth of July ever known in the South.
At 8 o’clock the- troops all paraded by
regiments, and listened to the reading of the
Declaration of Independence and the Eman
cipation Proclamation, after which they had
In the afternoon the 108d U* S. C. T. had
a dress parade, in which enlisted men acted
as officers throughout. “ The display was
The display of National colors was very
general. At sunrise Mr. Uriah Cranston,
Mr. Fred Lapham and Mr. Archibald McAl
lister, members of the Georgia Union Club,
hoisted the National colors on the Exchange.
The colors of the Adams Express’Company,
were also displayed. The foilowtn- displays
of the flag were noticed: The windows; bel
fry etc., of the Exchange were adorned with,
minature flags by Mr. John Crawford, and
Mr. William Rankin. The office of Capt. S. S.
Starr, A. Q. M., in the Central Rail Road
Bank Building ; was handsomely decorated,
as also Were toe premises of Sir* T. Nugent,
Jr;, Bull street. Lieut. Knowltou, north
side of Bay street, Germania Bpe Company
No 10, Washington Fire Company No. 9,
and Black & Duggan, Union corner, Bay
street. The colors of the Consuls accredited
to the U. 8. Governffient*for Savannah, were
The Parade of the Colored Fire Com
At four o’clock the fire companies, manned
by the colored people, formed their line on
Bouth t ßroad street, the right resting on the
Fireman’s Hall. They moved in the order
Sven below down South Broad street to East
road through East Broad to Bay, up Bay to
the Exchange, where they were dismissed.
We give the following as the strength Os the
Warren Fire Company No. 1, and Hose
Cart, 105 men, uniform white pants, blue
shirts trimmed with red. Obert Mil lpr, first
foreman. Engine manufactured by Smith,
Pulaski No. 2, uniform white shirts with
black trimmings. Tbe engine was manned
by 85 men, and the hbse carriage by 38 men,
\Ym. Jordan, first foreman.’
Lewis Glenn, First Assistant, Amos Dens
ler Second Assistant, Richard Waning Third
Assistant, and Captain of Hose Carriage.
Franklin Fire Company No. 3, 113 men;
First Foreman Sylvester Procfor.
Tonahoni No. 7, 80 men; First Foreman
Wright’s Fire Engine Company No. 11,75
men, First Foreman, James Reddy, uniform,
white pants, blue shirt, glared caps.
Servant Mqjdr Wm. Davidson, of Pulaski
Fire Company No. 2, with several of his
friends, furnished the rubric on this occasion.
While the companies were in line a slight
difficulty occurred between white soldiers on
one side, and colored soldiers and firemen on
the other, but the ‘disturbance Was quelled
before it reached sufficient importance to de
serve elaborate mention.
In th* Hospitals
The day was not forgotten. An Order from
Col. Clyroer, Medical Director, had directed
that all work except that.which was abso
lutely necessary should be dispensed with on
the Fourth, and generally that the day should
be observed as a holiday.
Dr. J K* Bigelow, Medical Director of the
Post, determined that these instructions
should be carried out according to the most
liberal construction. All the inmates of the
various Hospital* in the-city were assembled
under the Doffior’a direction in the PavUlion
Hospital for the occasion. About five hun
dred of the boys were thus gathered together
in .the dining hall of the Pavillion. Tue hall
wm appropriately and handsomely deeprated
with the national emblems, and the insigni..
of the army, the badges of the Nineteenth
and Twentieth Army Corps figuring con
spicuously. A splendid dinner, well worthy
of the occasion was laid in the hall, to which
the soldiers seated themselves, and, it is
needless to say, did full justice. The affair
was a most successful ana delightful one, and
the wounded and sick heroes who participa
ted reckoned it almost good fortune to havtf
been placed in such a position as to require
the kind offices of their friend aud benefac
tor, Dr. J. K. Bigelow, who was the recipient
of hearty toasts and enthusiastic cheers.
Many thanks are due to Mrs. Wioton, the
Chief Matron, for her ugtiring exertions in'
The Declaration of Independence and the
Emancipation Proclamation were read to the
patients by Dr. Bigelow.
were fired with great accuracy, under the di
rection of Capt. Fisk, of Gen. Birge’s Staff.
The following was the detail from the 90th
New York Volunteers :—No. 1 Piece—
Sergt. G. W. Lyle, Cos. B, Gunner; C. 8.
Treadwell, Jameß Dunn, Edward Reily, Pat
rick Donnelly, Nat. Preston, and Daniel
Sullivan, of Cos. A. No. 2 Piece—Sergt.
Thomas Kelly, Cos. C, Gunner ; A. H. Lord,
Geo. Dean, YV. H. Rathbun, A. L. Olmstead,
Cos. E ; J. S. Allen, and W- A. Chapman,
Cos. D* The guns used on this occasion were
brass six pounders made in the Couiederato
States ; the powder, tow and friction primer
wore all captured property. The guns were
S laced in St. Julian Street near the Head
Quarters of Bvt. Maj. Gen. Birge, and
east of Johnson Square.
Thirty-six guns were fired at sunrise, one
hundred at meridiap, and twenty five at sun
Oersutnia Fire Company No. 10.
This organization of adopted citizens ap
peared at three o’clock on parade, Henry
Biunn, First Foreman, in command. The
Savannah City Orchestra, Mr. Geo. Weigand
Leader, assisted by the 14th New Hamp
shire Regimental Brass Band, Geo. A. Day,
Leader, furnished the music on the occasion.
The Germania turned out fifty-six men, and
proceeding from their Hall to South Broad
street, with their engine and hose carriage,
marched down South Broad, through East
•Broad to Bay street; up Bay to West Broad,
through West Broad to Broughton, and
thence to their engine house, through Mont
gomery street. Tne Germania on this occa
sion made an exceedingly fine appearance In
lfieir new uniform of red shirts and white
The Germania Fire Company wound up
their celebration with a grand ball at the
Volks Garten, which was well attended, and
was a thoroughly enjoyable affair.
excursion Down the River.
During the afternoon Capt. 8. S. Starr, the
efficient Chief Quartermaster, having busi
ness at Port Pulaski, invited a small party of
gentlemen to accompany him on the steamer
Emilie, for a Fourth of-July excursion, and
the result was one of the pleasantest parties
of the season, in all respects. The band of
the 12th Maine was with the expedition,
and on the way down the ears of the guests
were delighted with excellent music, and
their eyes with the luxuriant fSliage of the
trees on either side of the river, while their
chegktwere fanned with cool breezes, far
prererSbro to lhf%*preastve, dusty, sultry at
mosphere of the town. The ' awning «rs-the
Emilie just accommodated the party, shelter
ing them from the sun without depriving
them of the refreshing breezes. A dinner
was served on the way down, and there was
no stint of refreshments.
In passing the guard ship and several other
boats, exchanges of salutes with colors and
cheers were made. Several fine vocalists
were comprised in tbe party who added much
to the entertainment cf the party. On ar
riving at Fort Pulaski, while Capt. Starr was
transacting his business, the party had an
opportunity to look over that interesting
work, and some were introduced to several
of the distinguished State prisoners sojourn
The Lrnilie started on her return at dusk,
and as we came up the river we had a fine
view in the distance of the fireworks being
displayed iu Savannah, while on the left the
lurid flames ot a burning plantation house
lighted up tbe horizon, creating a sublime
On the trip up, Captain Starr was loudly
called on by the company, and iu response
to three hearty cheers, and complimentary
remarks all around he made a speech, the
best for an excursion speech we have heard
for many a month. He was eloquent and
racy, and got the company in tbe best of hu
mor. Several other speeches were maae,
interspersed with music..
Just as the boat arrived at the levee, the
well-pleased party adopted a vote of thank#
to Capt. Starr, and to the officers of the
Much of tbe credit of the arrangements for
making the party pleasant is due to Cos!. N.
W. Day, CoL Henry Graham, 22d lowa, was
also very attentive to the pomfort of the party
the of 131 st New York, who was most assi
duous in hia efforts to render the trip pleas
As night approached the demonstrations
broke forth in rehewed brilliancy. From all
quarters were to be seen private displays of
fireworks; snapping lire crackers, squibs,
Roman candies and rockets illuminated the
streets in every direction. The chief public
pyrotechnic exhibition, however, took place
at the Exchange. The fireworks were dis -
charged from tbe portico of the Exchange,
and being in full view of Bull street, made a
striking display. Several most beautiful
pieces were fired, among them triangles, she
wheels, and torbillions,- which, together with
the beautiful Roman candles, and the splen
did rockets made a moat brilliant exhibition,
and reflected much credit opon the mana
gers . An immense crowd of people thronged.
Bull street and Bay street in the vicinity of
tbe Exchange, among whom perfect order
feiMr. J. E. Hayes, of tbe Republican, used
untiring diligence in making this display as
creditable a substitute as possible for the fire
works ordered from New York,but which did
not arrive* • . -
PRICE. 5 CENTS
A Gratifying Fact
In connection with this celebration, and an
unusual circumstance, is that not a single se
rious accident occurred that we are aware of
and that there was not even an alarm of fire.
Colored Soldier Hurt.
Since writing the above we learn* th«t the
Drum Major of the 33d U. S. C. T. w*a se
riously injured yesterday in the disturbances
previously alluded to. It is feared he will
die in consequence of his hurts.
THE CELEBRATION AT HILTON HEAD
One of our correspondents sends us a full
account of the grand celebration at Hilton
Head, too lengthy lor publication this even
ing. The programme was carried out very
nearly as announced by the Herald.
A NATIONAL debt a national bles
This hacknied phrase is now bandied about
by the American papers as if not had not any
of the flavor of originality. It is however as
old as Monarchy itself. That it ever should
have found favor in a Republic excites sur
prise. Those who first employed the phrase
did not use it in & financial but political sense—
as a bond of union where the debt wm due
from the government to the people among
whom it was contracted, and not as a fiscal
contrivance. In the latter sense it is a total
It would seem to be an obvious conclusion
that if the debt is duplicated the blessing
must be increased two fold, and that If so
augmented as that the interest should absorb
tbe National iacome, the nation would
be proportionally benefitted.
AH this, to use a vulgar phrase, is mere
bolderdath. All debt, whether individual or na
tional, is injurious, aud obstructive of pro
gress. Io the case of a nation it is attended
by increased taxation to pay the interest
Tbe comparison has been made between
tbe United States and Great Britain as to the
magnitude of their public debt, respectively,
and its being due to their own citizens. There
is here no analogy. The British debt is al
most exclusively due to British subjects, It is
true. A large part, however, of our war debt
is due to foreigners—to Germans. The Bri
tish government has no creditors abroad, or
very few, to whom they are compelled to
remit the interest annually, ifrhich forms a
part of the revenue of foreigners. Thegov-
the United States occupies the re
verse position. It i& the debtor for the sums
it has borrowed abroad, and is compelled to
Aansfer specie or bills to meet tbe annual
charge for interest, and occasionally for pay
ment of principal when there is a money
pressure among their foreign creditors-
We agree with the upholders of this doc
trine, that a National debt is a Nation bless
ing, in the views with which they ac
company this financial absurdity, qf tbe
sfffilciency of our resources, present and
prospective, to meet all our National ea
gageuno«t». These engagements should give
us no concern when we look to the future.
Let the future answer the call* on tbe re
sources of the future, if exiting resources
should fail. It is no more than just that as
we have been fighting the battles of posterity,
that posterity should contribute its ahar* of
the burden of preserving the Union.
The of treating this matter of a pub
lic debt unparalleled in amouut is to accept
it as a political necessity—as the price of
Nationality, and not seek by exageration and
fallacy to delude the public. We have to
foot the bill to defray tbe chargos incurred
by the war, and bare our shoulders to the
as best we may.
We have seen quoted the celebrated pa*.
sage la Macaulay’s History of England, in
which he shows that with every progressive
step in adaipg to the public burdens, in Eng*
land, there was a still mors advanced stage
tn National wealth and prosperity. The debt
rapidly Augmented from the accession of
William the Third Until it culminated in the
reign of George the Third, at the conclusion
of the American war, in the prodigious sum
of between eight hundred and nine hundred
millions sterling. But the way to view this
social phenomenon is, that within tbat period
several causes had concurred to give an er*
traordiuary impulse to British improvement
—the monopoly of trader-maritime ascen
manufactures and an equally flourishing v
[rfUTAREo rot mi aiVAKKAB aouuJ.J
Range of Thermometer lor seven day*
ending July 1, 1865, at Savannah, Ga.;
Date. 7 A.M. IP.M. 7 P.M. 10 P.M. Av’rw.
25 79 SO 70 77 78&
76 29 82 fc» g;V
27 80 91 « 85 S4V
2* 79 »0 65 80 tiU
28 82 90 85 81 84j|
30* SI 91 83 81 Zi
July 1 SO ,87 88 SI tgj(
Av’rxe for Av for week.
eaeknour79 88 38 81 'B3
—lt is said that, since the death of the late
Czarewitch, the Princes* Dagmar has discon
tinued her studies of the Greek Church, and
that she will shortly be confirmed as a Pro
—A collection of shells, lately sold in Lon
don, realized upwara of two thousand pounds.
One shell, a cypraa guttata, brought forty-two
pounds, and a specimen of the cypraa prm
ceps was bought for forty pounds.