SAVAMAH DAILY HERALD.
IVOL. 1-NO. 146.
I \ie Savannah Daily Herald
■ ) (MORNING AND EVENING^
16 FVbU6H£f> BY
t-s, W. MA»ON A CO..
I Ai 111 Bay Strait, Savaxnab,' Oiomu.
Fer Copy .Plve Genta.
||A fn litumrea 4#
fer Year. e#«
■MkwjTx , One Dollar tor each subsequent one. Ad
vertlaetaents inserted in the morning, will, if desired,
up. re- in the evening without extra charge.
•f ufevery style, neatly and promptly done.
* YOOR LIFE INSURED?
JlwThLs is aii important question for every man and
. Important also for every wife and mother as it affects
yKlr future welfare.
I SEE TO IT AT ONCE. DO NOT DELAY.
n.‘ “Knickerbocker Life Incairance’’ of New York
insure you at the usual rates in any sum from slon
IpTi nee They also issue the favorite TEN YEAR
-FORFEIT'DKK Policies, and will after two years
fjjMffment give a full paid up Policy for Two Tenths the
flKiloiu sunt, and Three Years Three Tenths, and so
K. Thus a Policy of $16,000. Two Premiums paid
it will l>o entitled to a paid up Policy of $2,000.
live years five-tenths for every additional year.
further information apply to
A. W ILBUR. Agent.
At the office of the Rome Insurance Cos.,
. ju'rV ' 61* Bay st., Savannah, Ga.
NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE INSU
WM, KANCE COMPANY, OF BOSTON.
is one of the oldest and best Companies in
Sfciieiee on lives for any iimount up to $15,000 are
■taken by them
■LThe Policies of these Companies were not cancelled
. ■priug the war until heard from—n fact which shews
Jfcn ‘dealing and determination to be just and honor
sßlc in ail cases. Apply to *
Wju2T A Vvilßlß, Agent.
ffilltl AND MARINE INSURANCE AGENCY,
• *CURTTY INSURANCE COMPANY ;
I INSURANCE COMPANY ;
' IpiUENIA FiRE INSURANCE COMPANY ;
CASH CAPITAL of over FOUR MILLIONS.
. tafetas taken on aii descriptions of Property on rea-
Hfciblt'terms by A. A. LANK, Agt.
• Office in Stoddard’s Range, Bay street, oppo
gjf tuio lino
QO L U M BI A N
CMASINEj INSURANCE COMPANY
Cl Na.vv YORK
CASH CAPITAL $5,600,000.
Nt Tbs undersigned arc pr,.pated to insure under Open
Pciipj notn the above Company to the extent of SIOO,-
OCo in property in any first class Steamer, and from
.$60,030 to $75,000 onauy rirat class sailing vc#sei, on
.. the most iavorable New York terms.
Bur further particulars apply to
CHARLES L. COLBY & CO
U”>uoh23 Block, corner Bay and Abercorn street*,
■Eg jeli> ts Savannah, Ga.
W V S. SCUANCK A SON,
(Forrtcriy Sca-cxx 4 Dowsuto.J
* JP m P 3mrß ani Dealers
ill CCACH ’ CAn ’ 4113
ijji FICTURE GLASS,
• ' , —IXBO,
' -fa J
'q 'CGIOiU-D and ornamental glass.
ROUGH PLATE GLASS
o r '
FOR FLOORS and S KYLUITTT?.
:U L. From Kto IK inches thick. .
~ OiJ» DITOT,
, kv ■ %
jH||: AND 41 CHAMBERS STREET,
if*** NEW YORK.
.hr,..HI:L ,t SMITHS.
‘ in Sheeting, Shirting, Osnabnrgs, Yarns,
Hhic, Bagging, Manufactured and Smoking Tobacco,
attention given to the Purchase. Sale and
; of COTTON.
Gexnite Ranoe;—Titian Hanoi’,-
MACON, GA .
)■ nApl. nit tit c m .—Erwin A Hardee, Olagliarn A Own
MBtgiism. Savannah; I- G Bowers, S. SL Farrar, 4 : *>
E B. Longx Cos., 1,. B. Davis. Augusta; P
HBpcase. V. A. Gaskill. Atlanta. JuSa.ini
payer above named is published ut Hihwn Read
, by M. J. MoKehxa. '.
His designed by the Publisher to mike aji Int erest
d and Instructive Paper, not only for
LICK AND WOUNDED SOtDIKRT,
WLLTOME WEEKLY VISITOR to ail residents
|B will contain Original LOCAL NEWS, a. summary
1 WORTRERN NEWS, and carefully Ucted JrUS
” ITEMS. jfi3-U
wuoi.xaxxi arm extaix dcaltbs in
SUTLERS’ AND NAVAL STORES, DRY GOODS,
BOOTS AND SHOES, HATS AND CAPsT
Genti.ejien’s Fcunishino Goons, Ac.,
No. 5 Merchants' Row, Hilton Head, 8. C.,
W. O. EIDDP.L. fjul3-tf] H. J. ucnnociL
ARRIVAL OF GOODS
SKEHAN A CONYNGHAM.
*Of 17C Broughton Street,
j Receive by every steamer fiesli consignments of Goods
from New York, consisting oi
BOOTS and SHOES,
Ladies’ BALMORALS, Ac.,
Gentlemen's Felt and Straw SLATS,
CLOTHING, GROCERIES, WINES.
Dnblln and London PORTER,
Golden ALE, in Cases and Barrels;
Aleo—A choice selection of GARDEN SEEDS,
Which we offer at low prices to the Trade.
r JYI THE CITIZENS OF GEORGIA
The termination of a sanguinary contest, which for
the past four years has presented an impassable barrier
to all social or commercial intci course between the
two great sections of our country, having .at length
happily cleared away all obstacles to a removal of
those relations which formerly bound us together in a
fraternal union, I take the earliest opportunity afford
ed me by this auspicious event, to greet my Sonthern
friends, and to solicit from them a renewal of that ex.
tensive business connection which tor a quarter of a
century has been nninterrnpted save by the great pub
lic calamity to which I have adverted.
It is scarcely necessary, on the threshold of a busi
ness re-union, I should repeat the warning so often
given so my friends,—to beware of all those spurious
and deleterious compounds which, under the specious
and false titles of Imported Wines, Brandies, Holland
Gin, Liquors, Ac., have boon equally destructive to
the health of oar citizens and prejudicial to the interest
of the legitimate Importer.
Many years of my past life have been expended in
an open and candid attempt to expose these wholesale
frauds; no time nor expense has been spared to ac
complish this salutary purpose, and to place before
my friends and the public generally; at the lowest
possible market price, and in such quantities as might
suit their convenience, a truly genuinßGmported arti
Twenty-fire years’ business transactions with the
largest and most respectable exporting houses in
France and Great Britain have afforded me unsurpass
ed facilities for supplying our home market with
Wines, Liquors, and Liquers of the best and most ap
proved brands in Europe, in addition to my own dis
tillery in Holland for the manufacture of the “Schie
The latter, so long tested and approved by the med
ical Faculties of the United States. West Indies and
South America as an invaluable Therapeutic, a whole
some, pleasant, and perfectly safe beverage in all cli
mates and during all seasons, quickly excited the cu
pidity of the home manufacturers and venders of a
spurious article under the same name.
I trust that 1 have, after much toil and expense, sur
rounded all my importations with safeguards and di
rections which with ordinary circumspection will in
sure their delivery, as I receive them from Europe, to
all my customers.
' 1 would, however, recommend in all cases where it
is possible, that orders be sent direct to my Depot, 22
Beaver street, New York, or that purchases be made
oi my accredited agents.
In addition to a’ large stock of Wines, Brandies, Ac.,
in wood, I have a considerable supply of old tried for
eign sines, embracing vintages of many past years,
bottled np before the commencement of the war,
which I can especially recommend to all connoisseurs
of these rare luxuries.
In conclusion, I would specially call the early atten
tion of my Southern customers to the advantage to be
derived by transmitting their orders without loss of
time, or calling personally st the Depot, in order to
insure the fulfillment of their favors from the present
"large and well selected assortment
* UDOLPHO WOLFE,
ju23 lm 22 Beaver street, New York,
jyj"ACKY, HOGG A CO.,
GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 2 Stoddard’s Block, opposite Custom House,
Having opened a House at the above stand, in con
nection witi: our House in Philadelphia, we offer to
■'so liarrels Bourbon and Rye l Whiskey; Hams
Breakfast bacon and Shoulders. Bagged Laid
Broom-, Washboards, Lime in hogsheads, Ac,
Consignments to our House in Philadelphia tioliri
ted. MACKY, HOGG A Cos,
No. 2 .Stoddard's Block. Savannah, Ga.
,jn2o-lm 25 South Water street.^ Philadelphia,
The Proprietor of the
SAVANNAH CITY FLOUR MILLS,
Begs to announce to his numerous patrons that, be Has
made a number of improvements.m the machinery at
tached to his establishment, and is now prepared to
fumDh his customers with a full supply of the best *
GRITS AND MEAL,
and everything that can be expected from a
FIRST CLASS MILLING ESTABLISHMENT,
He pledges himself to always sell his Goods and do
25 PER CENT LESB
for the benefit of the citizens, than many of hie c ,nv
petltoie. He is prepared to grind Wheat and Corn aa
the customary q toll, and in addition will, afi above
stated, always be prepared to furnish his friends with
everything in the old style.
His place of business is at the well-known, spot at
toe FOOT OF BROUGHTON STREET. julh-tf
The Regular Annual Meeting of the Stockholders of
the Southern Insurance and Trust Company will be
held at the office of the Company, in savannah, on
Wednesday, 12th July, iB6O, tor the purpose .of elect
ing Directors for the ensuing year, and for the tran
saction of such other busmens as may be bmnght be
fore the meeting.
H. BRIGHAM, President,
Psr J. C. McNULirY,
ju22 ts Assistant Set xetarj.
SAY AN AH, GA~, FRIDAY, JULY 7, 1865.
H G. RCWE & <&,
Cos Kura Sr, Jui.izn StaxsT and Montxent Squaw.
Near the Polaskl House,
GROCERIES, FINE IMPORTED LIQUORS. WINES
Also Agents for two large aud excellent Breweries,
at New York, from which we receive the best of
ALES AND LAGER R
A 1.40, constantly on hand tiie best
EAST INDIA ALU
We capie.down here very in bueinene,
as conducted under necessary military res trie! iona;
and coming unprovided with the proper papers mv
our trade, we at first labored under many disadvan
tages. But we now consider ourselves well posted,
and having, by strict compliance with all military
rales, been put on a good looting for disposing of our
Stock, with the proper license, we propose to osier
mm-ual inducements to the trade. We shall give a
superior article at a small advance on New York
MONEY OR GOODS ADVANCED
i ■ FOB t
COTTON. RICE. AND GENERAL PRODUCE.
_ jUlt t!
M. SCARBROUGH A CO.,
GROCERY AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
140 Congress and 57 St. Jaiiann Streets,
Offer for sale,
AT WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
A LARGE STOCK of GROCERIES ani> PROVE iONS,
TEAS and SUGARS, best brands; COFFEE CAN
DLES, SO AP, FLOUR, HAMS, BACON, (Shonlder
and Clear Sides;; LEAF LARD, CORN MEA L
CAN PEACHES, PIE FRUITS and PR&
SERVES,PEPPER, SPICE, GINGER,
Ac., Ac.. Ac-
All o’ which they are selling at r dneed price Give
them a call before purebaring elsewhere.
led lino wmmmt
TO MERCHANTS AND SUTLERS.
/ We offer our lr.rge and varied Stock of 3TATK&-
ERY at the lovce.xt w«>. *»!<=•*'=>. ‘
Our stock In the above line Is the largest in the De
partment, and all our goods are of the first quality,
fresh and direct from Manufacturers.
We solicit the attention of purchasers to our goods
SAVILLE 4 BEACH,
Corner Bryan street and Market square,
Timber Cnttcr's Bank,
* Savannah, Ga.,
MERCHANTS’ ROW, HILTON HEAD, S. C.
jyi ' ts
gOOKS AND STATIONERY.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL,
At the Old Stand of
JOHN M. COOPER & CO.,
Just Received the Largest and Best Selected Stock of*
In the Southern States; consisting of Primers, Spellers,
Readers, Geographies, Arithmetics, Grammars, Greek,
Latin, French, German and Spanish Text Books, and ail
other Books used in Colleges, Academies and Common
Slates, Pens, Pencils, Ink. Foolscap, Letter and Note
Paper, Envelopes, Blank Books, Ac. 1 also have on band
a large assortment of New and popular Novels by the
beat authors. Dickens. Reynolds, Mrs. Holmes, Mrs. Wood.
Ac. I will keep constantly on hand a iargb stdek of el
egant Photographic Albums and Card Photographs, as
well as a constant supply of the latest Northern Newspa
Sirs and Periodicals, N. Y Daily and Weekly Newspapers,
arper’s Magazine, Oodey’s Lady’s Book, Atlantic
Monthly, Deiuorest’a Fashions. Ac., Ao.
Everytliing will lie sold at the very lowest figures, and
special terms are offered on School Books to Teachei s aud
I can and'will sell at least as cheap as any other house
in the South.
TERMS STRICTLY CASH.
Call and examine the Stock at the old stand of
; Jo*n M. Coorra A Cos..
Cor, Whitaker and St. Julian streets.
Booeseloeb awn Stationeb.
N. B —All orders for Miscellaneous Books, Music, or
any article connected witli the trade, filled at the
The friends and patrons of the undersigned, and of
the firm of Jons >l. Coopfr & Cos., are respectfully so
licited to continue their patronage at the old establish
ment to Mr. Faicbei.lv. The undersigned may lie
found at his desk a« usual for the purpose of closing
np old business affairs and rendering such assistance
as he can to Mr. F.
A general Wholesale business will be established by
,T. M. C. & Cos., whenever practicable, upon the upper
floors of the establishment.
jed lmo JOHN M. COOPER.
gAVILLE A LEACH,
BOOKSELLERS AND STATIONERS
HILTON HEAD, S. C. ,
COR NEK BRYAN 6TRF.IT AND MARKET SqCAF.F,
K EIN * courANY ’
FACTORS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
Having leased the large and commodious Warehouse
formerly occupied by Messrs. Dana A Washbnrne, 114
Bay street, Savannah, Ga., we are prepared to Store
and Forward all kinds of Merchandize. Liberal ad
vances will be made on'
COT T O N
Consigned to onr friends in New York; or Liverpool
EDglS “ d KfclN & COMPANY.
Rkfebsnch.— Messrs. Smith et Donning, New York;
C C A H. M. Fabor, New York ; W. A. Smith, Esq.,
Mobile, Ala.; Cabot Jt Senter, 81. Louis,
The Royal Mail Steamer Cuba, arrived at
New Yoik on the 27th ult., with dates from
Liverpool to the ICth inst. JVe copy an ab
stract of her intelligence from the New York
World and Journal ot Commerce.
A telegram from Alexandria states that
cholera had broken out there, and that com
mercial operations had consequently been
It is stated that, owing to the necessity for
repairing some of the B’reuch vessels which
accompanied the Emperor to Algeria, the
French channel fleet will not be able to visit
the English ports before the middle ot Au
An explosion of fire-damp had occurred at
the New Pitts collieiy, near Tredegar. Fif
teen dead bodies had been brought np to the
bank, aud it was supposed that thirty or for
ty remained in the pit..
A sale was made iu the Liverpool stock
exchange, on Saturday, June 17, in the old
£I,OOO share of the Atlantic Telegraph
Company. The price paid was four hundred
and fifteen. The last, previous sale was two
hundred and forty-five
The Paris Pays announces that the Italian
and Papal governments have agreed that all
Italian bishops, without distinction, shall be
simply required to enter into a written en
gagement not to violate the laws ot the
kingdom, and that no prelate shall be com
pelled to take the oath of allegiance to King
Victor Emanuel. The absent bishops will
return to their sees, with the exception of a
small number who persist in maintaining a
hostile attitude towards the Italian govern
During a procession in celebration of the
Corpus Chiisti lete in Naples, on the 16th
ult., about four hundred Bourbon and'cleri
cal partisans, including some priests, assem
bled in the street adjoining the cathedral,
shouting “Long live religion.” The people
attacked them with sticks aud put them to
flight. Several arrests were made. The
journals, iu discussing the event, urge the
necessity of abolishing processions, except
within the churches.
The debate on the treaty with Austria, was
resumed on the 15th inst., iu the House of
~ , »
Mr. Handheld asked whether, aud when,
the government intended to replace English
consuls at the ports on the .seaboard, of the
Southern states of North ATnerica, declared
by I,the President to be open for general
commerce on the first of July next; and
whether the same consuls who occupied
those several stations before the war, and
were acquainted with the interests, would be
again sent out.
Mr. Layard said that English consuls were
now placed at short intervals at the principal
ports «f the Southern States, such as Charles
ton, Savannah, Alobile, New Orleans and
The Paris Moniteur of the isth says : «
We stated some time since that in the
month of April last the Captain ot un En
glish vessel at Honolulu had tofu down the
flag at the American consulate. This insult
created a great sensation in the town, and
the English officer in command on the sta
tion, ordered the flag to be rehoisted, and
made personal excuses to the consul of the
United States. We now learn that the i
Washington government was not satisfied)
with this, but demanded further satisfaction
from the English government, which latter
has just sent a dispatch to President Johnson
expressing its regret for the occurrence at the
The London News pHts in a strong plea
for mercy to the Southern rebels and also the
The Paris Moniteur denies that reinforce
ments have been sent to Mexico.
Anew infernal machine had been project
ed at London which was said to render use
less the construction of iron ’clad vessels,
and opened the prospect of perpetual and
universal peace. Mr. Dupuy DeLorme of
the Ministry of Marine, made some explana
tions as to thie machine, and said it was by
no means calculated to lead to the extraor
dinary results spoken of by M. Kervegnen.
A military conspiracy is said to have been
discovered at Valencia, in Spain. It was
Lord Brougham had made a speech on
American affairs at Fishmongers’ Hall, in
which he spoke as follows .
If my voice could reach across the At
lantic, it would tell our kinsmen that their
best friends, those who have been their ad
vocates through good report and through
bad report, now pray and beseech them to
use the victory which, by great courage,
great perseverance, and no little military
skill, they have gained, in mercy as well as
in justice (cheers); that they should not
stain the scaffold with the blood of their
prisoners (cheers); that they should remem
ber those prisoners whom they, call rebels
were treated by them as warriors (cheers);
that truces were made with them, agree
ments made with them, . submissions re
ceived from'them, and that they ought, not
to do anything to render their cause, which is
now triiimpbat, hateful as well as triumph
ant, by spilling the ’ blood of those captives
they have now in their -gpwer. (Loud
The envoy of the Emperor of Mexico has
been aided by King Leopold in securing
restoration of the Emperor Maximilian’s
•gnatic rights to the Austrian succession, and
his efforts are said to have been crowned with
The progress of the Russian arms in Cen
tral Asia has just received a serious check.
Hitherto everything has favored the progress
of General Ehdokimoff, whose success were
as much due to the exertions of Prince Gort
schakoff as to the military talents of the gen
erals of the Czar. Having made .iriends of
the important population belonging to the
Khanat of Khokan coiled Kafosaks, General
Endokimoff carried his army of 40,000 or
50,000 infantry, with a proportionate force ot
PRICE. 5 CENTS
cavalry and artillery, into these districts of
Central Asia, knowing well how far he could
count upon this people. By this means, on
the sida ol Lake Aral, the Russians, without
striking a blow, obtained possession of the
fortress of Ak-Medjid, a place of great stra
tegic importance, near the mouth of the Sir
Au agent of Juarez had arrived at Turin to
enlist officers and men, who formerly served
under Garibaldi, for the Juarist army in
Mexico. It is stated tfiat the chiefs of the
party of action had rejected the offers made
Private telegrams irom Bombay announce
the failure of a native banker with liabilities
amounting to about half a million sterling.
The suspension of some of the financial in
stitutions at Bombay is atso reported.
iFiom the New York World.]
Probable Extinction of the Negro Race.
We have already shown by statistics col
lected . before the civil war began, and by
reasonings on those statistics completed by
the head of the census bureau before the
Emancipation proclamation was published,
that the negro population of the United
States were likely to follow (theugh at a
slower pace) in the same road by which our
Indian tribes arc advancing to certain ex
tinction. We are now to show that emanci •
pation .will hasten this result.
A part of our proof must still depend on
the figures of the census report. Between
year 185(» and 1860 the free negro population
of our northern cities declined; and the total
iuoreasp ol’ the whole tree negro population
of the country was less th in half as great, in
proportion, as the increase of the slaves; and
this in spite of the fact that the free negroes
were recruited by large numbers of manu
mitted aud fugitive slaves. These facts prove
that a slate of freedom checks the growth of
the negro population.
There was perhaps never a people so fa
vorably situated for allowing the procreative
principle its iullest vigor as were the negroes
in a state of slavery. In a state of freedom
many men do not marry at all, and many
others defer marriage till a late period, from
doubts of their ability to support, a family.
Among the slaves, this prudential cheek had
no place ; or, to express it in Malthnsian lan
guage, population never pressed upon the
means of subsistence. The slave population
has. accordingly, multiplied without any in
terposition ot the voluntary check. But
even in this favorable condition, the increase
of the slaves was less than two-thirds a*
great, in proportion, as that of the white
population of the country; the whiles in
creasing 38 per cpnt., and the slaves a little
more than 23 per cent. A part of thq dis
parity is due to white imn igration; but the
difference is much greater than immigration
i The chief-cause is, undoubtedly, the licen
tious habits of the negroes. »Os the colored
population, 36 1-4 per cent, are mul&tjoes.
This progeny of sell-convicted licentiousness
prove, by implication, the illegitimacy of at
least an equal proportion of the pure blacks;
for it is not to be supposed that the negresscs
'practice more virtue toward their own race
than toward the whites. This licentiousness
operates as an immediate check on popula
tion by rendering the. females less prolific -,
and as a remote, but more efficient check, by
reason of the diminished tenacity ot exis
tence of a mulatto stock. It has been shown
by researches in tb<r West Indies, and con
iflro’ sby the results of observation every-
that inulattoes seldom propagate be
yond the third generation ; and that, even in
the first generation, they are more subject to
disease, with a larger proportionate mortali
ty, than pure-blooded negroes. While,'
therefore, the southern slaves were more fa
vorably situated for procreation tfian any
other people that ever existed, their moral
degradation wad a more powerful check than
the difficulty of supporting a family, and
consequent postponement of marriage, among
our white population. /
Now that ihe negroes are free, the check
on their increase which has heretofore exist
ed will be re inforced by the prudential
check. The preference given by the employ
ers of labor to the more energetic and capa
ble white races, will keep the negro popu
lation constantly’preasing upon the means of
subsistence ; and this, the greatest and most
certain of all checks to population, yyill be
gin at once to act on the negroes with a force
and steadiness unfelt by any other class 'of
the people of the United States. When our
population becomes dense, and, its rapid
progress is arrested by the causes which op
erate in old countries, the feeblest will * fill
first; and the decaying remnants then left -
of the negroes will easily succumb.
What, we have described would take place,
even if emancipation had been gradual and
prepared for by wise precautions. But its
suddenness, and the general destitution pre
vailing in the South at the time it tnfces
place, will terribly aggravate its evils and
accelerate the steps by which the negroes axe
doomed to extinction Perhaps one-third of
the emancipated are children, incapable, un- •
der any circumstances, of taking care of
themselves. Thrown loose, without .pro
tectors, in the very crisis of a destitution
amounting in large sections, to dearth, they
will be swept away by scores of thousands,
their parents in many cases perishing with
them. This work of destruction is already
proceeding with great rapidity. The de- .
rangement ot Southern industiy is so great
that little will be raised this year, and the
next year will also be a year of scarcity in
the South. A people above all others un
l fitted to struggle with difficulties, commence
t heir life of'freedom in a state of absolute
beggary, and in a community which has
wasted' all its resources in a long war. A
more unfavorable combination of circum
stances cannot $e imagined. The figures of
the next census may, therefore, be expected
to tell a tearful tale of extermination.
—James E. Yeatman, President of the
Western branch of the United States Sanita
ry Commission, writes to Gen. Howard from
Sr. Louis, that he has received volunteer con
tributions from the colored troops in and
around that city, amounting to $7,000, to be i
appropriated, to ‘he erection ol a monument,
in Washington, iu honor of the late Presi
Gen. Meade, after two years' command
of the Army of the Potomac, baa issued his
farewell order, and retired firpm that position,