SAV ANNAH DAILY HERALD.
VOL- 1-NO. 164.
The Savannah Daily Herald
(MORNING AND EVENING)
18 PUBLISHED BP
S3. W. MASON «t CO..
At 111 Bat Street, Savannah, Georgia,
per Copy Plve Cents.
Per iiundml $8 so -
Per Y64t.... . .#lO 00,
Two Dollars per Square of Ten Lines for first in
sertion ; One Dollar for each subsequent one. Ad
vertisements inserted in the morning, will, if desired,
appear in the evening without extra charge.
In every style, neatly and promptly done.
AT LOW RATES!
COLUMBIAN INSURANCE COMP'Tor NEW YORK
River Risks cx Favorable Terms.
CASH CAPITAL .$3,600,000.
The undersigned are ready, through their open poli
cy with the above, to cflect Insurance for Augusta,
New York, and Jacksonville,
AT THft LOWEST MARKET RATES.
Mdse, on first-class Ocean Steamers SIOO,OOO
« “ “ Sailing Vessels 75,000
.« “ “ River Steamer or Fiat 15,000
Shippers will find it to their interest to call before
effecting Insurance elsewhere.
CHARLES L. COLBY A CO.,
JS YOUR LIFE INSURED*
This is an important question for every man and
important also to. every wife and mother as it affects
their future welfare.
SEE TO IT AT ONCE. DO NOT DELAY.
The “Knickerbocker Life Insurance” of New York
will insure you at the usual rates lu any sum from SIOO
$lO 00(1. They also is9ue the f .vorite TEN YEAR
NON-FORFEITURE Policies, and will after two years
payment give a full paid up ; Olicy for Two Tenths the
whole snin, and Three Years Three Tenths, and so
on. Thus a Policy of SIO,OOO. Two Premiums paid
upon It will be entitled to a paid up Policy of $‘2,000:
and five years five-tenths for every additional year.
For further information apply to
, A WILBUR, Agent,
At the office of the Home Insurance Cos.,
ju27 80 Bay st.. Savannah, Oa.
THE NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE INSU
RANCE COMPANY, OF BOSTON.
This is one of the oldest and best Companies in
Policies on Lives for any amount up to $15,000 arc
taken by them.
The Policies of these Companies were not cancelled
during the war until heard fr«r* —a fact which shews
their dealing and determination to be just and honor
able in all cases. Apply to *
j U 27 A. WILBUR, AgeuC
rpo COTTON SHIPPERS.
Is prepared to take Cotton on Storage, at the lowest
ON THE CORNER OF JEFFERSON & BAY STS.
For the purpose of
SHIPPING COTTON FOR THE PUBLip,
FURNISHING INK, Ac.
J£IKLIN A HIENZLE.
WHOLESALE aND RETAIL DEALERS
ALES, WINES AND LAGER BIER.
165 BAY STREET,
BURKE, & BRO.,
ALES, WINES AND LIQUORS,
< VtKNT.It WniTA-KKR STREET AND BaT I^ANE,
ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED AND DELIVERED.
Sub-Distkict of OoKKCup, r
savannah, Ga., July 20> 1866. )
All schools now in session in this city fer tile
control of the military authorities, will be closed this
26th day of July, and remain so closed until October
by command of oen DAVJ3
Jxo. MuxutK, A. A. A. General.
r ¥» SHIPPERS OP COTTON AND OTHER
-■- SOUTHERN PRODUCE.
FENNER, BENNETT A BOWMAN,
Successors to Hotchkiss, Fenner A Bennett.
CO MM ISsION MERCHANTS,
No. 40 Visit Street, uw York. ,
And Memphis, Tenn
Thomas Fenner, Henry Bennett, D. W. Bowman.
OHARLES L. COLBY A CO.
SHIPPING, COMMISSION AND FORWARDING
JONES BI.OOK, CORNER BAT AND ABEBOORN STREETS,
LIBERAL CASH ADVANCEB
Made on Consignments to the firm of Chab. L. Colby,
of New York, or to our friends iu Boston.
MAUDE A WRIGHT. Agents at Augusta, Ga.
Messrs. Dabney, Morgan A Cos., New York.
Jarivs Slade, Esq., New York.
Hon. J Wiley Edmonds, boston.
Gardner Colby, Esq., Boston. jylS—tt
J JIWIS L. JONES,
SHIPPING AND COMMISSION MERCHANT,
A T o 17 B ydway, New York. „ ,
Liberal advances on Shipments to above Consign
ment, made by
HUNTER A GAMMELL,
Agents Pioneer Line Steamships,
84 Bay Street, Savannah.
Reference in New York—
Messrs, Spopfobd, Tilxston & Cos.
OODWARD, BALDWIN A CO.,
110 Duane Street, New York,
9 and 11 Hanover Street, Baltimore,
DRY GOODS COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
Liberal advances made on Consignments, Sheetings,
Osnaburgs and Yarns. jyis
COMMISSION AND PRODUCE MERCHANT.
Strict attention given to all Consignments.
Corner Broughton and Jefferson Streebs.
, COMMISSION DEALER
In all kinds of
FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC FRUITS and PRODUCE,
West Washington Mabkrt,
Opposite 143 West st., Bulkhead between Barclay and
Potatoes, Apples and Onions constantly on hand, and
put up for the Southern market
All consignments promptly attenked to.
i£T Refers to A. L. Bradley, A. Haywood, T. J.
Walsh, and J. H. Parsons.
| J. GUILMARTIN A CO.,
COMMISSION AND SHIPPING MERCHANTS,
NO. 148 BAY STREET,
(Opposite the*City Hotel,)
Particular attention given to procuring Freights,
and filling orders for Hard Pine Timber and Lumber,
Cotton, Wool, Hides, Ac.
L. J. OUILMABTIN, JOHN FLANNERY. E. W. DRUMMOND.
R. CRUMP A CO.,
AUCTION AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
209 Broad Street, Auqusta, Ga.
James b. Cahill.
GROCER AND COMMISSION MERCHANT,
Cotton Purchased and Shipped. Merchandise
bought and sold on Commission.
Will also take Agencies for the sale of any Goods
and Merchandize required-in the Southern market.
U J. SOLOMONS*
Will attend to the Selling or Receiving and For
warding all kinds of Merchandise. Produce, Ac.
Office for the present at the Drug Store of J. M.
A Weekly Commercial and Advertising Sheet,
WITH AN EDITION OF 10,000 COPIES, FOR GRA
To be Issued on or about the 16th of July, 1865,
By J. W. BURKE & CO., - MACON, QA.
This enterprise is undertaken at the suggestion of
many of the leading merchants of the countiy, as a
method of extensively advertising their business.—
While we will publish the advertisements of all who
may favor m with their patronage, the paper will also
contain Prices Current oi the Markets in all the princi
pal Cities, Rates of Exchange, Brokerage, Ac., and
Commercial News of every description that will be of
interest to the Mercantile Community.
Nor will the “ MIRROR ’’ be exclusively filled with
advertisements; but the paper will ne sufficiently large
to leave ample room for Editorials, Correspondence,
Select Reading Matter, Ac. It will be a family, as
well as a business paper, and we Intend that it shall
visit every City, Town and Village in the Country.
All can perceive the advantage of advertising in a
paper of this description. OUlt TERMS WILL BE
LIBERAL. We are unable to publish them in this
Circular, not knowing what number of our friends will
waattheir Business Cards, Notices, Ac., brought be
fore the Public through this medium. We will only
say to all, send your Advertisements to us immedi
ately; state how much space you wish them to occu
py, directions, Ac. We have a large Stock of Fancy
Type, Cuts and material for displaying them, and feel
confident of meriting the patronage and approval of
all Business Men. As soon us we arrive at tbe amount
of matter and size of paper required, we will make an
estimate, and publish the rates tor advertising, in the
first number. They will he as low as possible, to
allow us to publish Tns paper. Deeming it superflu
ous to argue the benefit of tills enterprise to the adver
tising world, we leave the subject with it, feeling as
sured It will meet its cordial co-operation and sup
port. Address , J. W. BURKE & CO.,
Agent in Savannah:
Gzo. N. Nichols, Bay Street. jylS-tf
- N orth river agricultural works.
GRIFFING, BROTHER A CO., Proprietors,
66 and 60 Cqurtland Street.
Manufacturers of Plows, Harrows, Cultivators, Cot
ton Sweeps, ConTMills, Cotton Gins, Ac.
Every implement wanted by the Planter, Also,
dealers in Field and Gardes Seeds. Also, Agents ft *
Bruce’s Concentrated Manure, Bone, Ac.
Send for clrealar. ju2o 3nr.
SAVANNAH, GA., FRIDAY, JULY 28, 1865.
srji <|aoi>s anil <Clotting.
138 CONGRESS STREET, SAVANNAH, GA.,
NO. 7 MERCHANTS’ ROW, HILTON HEAD.
Calls the attention of Wholesale and Retail pur
chasers to his superior Stock of
MILITARY, NAVAL and CITIZENS’ CLOTHING,
GENTS’ FURNISHING GOODS.
For sale at the Lowest Market price.
Additions to the Stock received by every Steamer
from New York. jn2l-tf
QARHART, WHITFORD A CO.,
MANUFACTURERS and WHOLESALE DEALERS
READY MADE CLOTHING,
331 and 333 Broadway, coil Worth Street,
T. F. Card art, I Henry Shafer,
Wm. H. Whitford, [ A. T. Hamilton,
J. B. Van Waueneh^
Office of Payan A Carhart in liquidation.
jyC ; 3m
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN
SUTLERS’ AND NAVAL STORES, DRY GOODS,
BOOTS AND SHOES, HATS AND CAPS,
Gentlemen’s Furnishing Goods, Ao.,
No. 5 Merchants’ Row. Hilton Head, 8. C.,
W. O. RIDDELL. fjul3-tfl H. J. MUBPOOK.
Steele a burbank,
ii Merchants’ Row,
Hilton Head, S. C.
Call the attention of Wholesale and Retail purchasers
to their superior stock of
MILITARY AND NAVAL CLOTHING
Watches, Clocks, Fancy Goods, Jewelry, and Plated
Ware,Swords, Sashes, Belts. Embroideries,Boots, Caps
Field Glasses, Gauntlets loves, Ac., Ac., Ac.
SEEMS TO BE THE
END OF OUR NATIONAL TROUBLES.
THE HILTON HEAD HOUSE,
Corner of Johnson Square and Brtan Street,
Is now in good running order—a place where the
weary con find rest, and where the waiters have no
BURTON’S EAST INDIA PALE ALE.
COOL LAGER, ON'ICE.
LUNCH AT ELEVEN O’CLOCK, A.M.
No crippled jaws wanted in this establishment in
Old acquaintances ne’er forgot,
“For particulars see small bills."
jyl9-tf Proprietor Hilton Head House.
, QLAMS! CLAMS!
I have the best Cltrtns at Hilton Head, and the best
Cooks, m proof of which statement 1 adduce the fol
lowing testimony from Mr. Beqj. Honey’s advertise
ment in the Savannah Daily Herald, of the last oi
“There is no man in Port Royal that can serve up
Clams In every style better than Mr. Fitzgerald, at the
Lagle Saloon, in rear of the Post Office.
••There is Where the Laugh Comes In."
My dear Ben we wish you a long life and a merry
In addition to the above luxury, we furnish as good
a meal us cun be obtained at Hilton Head, or any
other place in this Department.
GIVE US A CALL,
And we feel confident that you will leave our estab
lishment satisfied that whatever we advertise you
will find to be correct.
Do not forget our old established house, in the rear
ttirginia tobacco agency;.
GEORGE R. CRUMP A CO„ «
209 Beoad Street, Augusta, Ga,
Have on hand a large and well selected stock of
Manufactured and SmoKing Tobacco.
Samples sent by Express when desired. 3m jn2o
npHE NEW SKIRT FUR 1866.
A “ BRADLEY’S DUPLEX ELLIPTIC.”
A wonderful invention for ladles. Unquestionably
superior to all others.
Don’t fail to road the advertisement in the Savannah
Herald containing lull particulars every Saturday
morning. jy6 6taw3m
rjpUE ADAMS EXPRESS CO.
Os this city having made arrangements, are now
nrenared to forward ireight and valuables to Charles
ton. Hilton Head and Beaufort. S, C.; to Augusta,
Macon Atlanta, and all intermediate points. Ala* to
all points North, East and West. Special care and
The firm of O’MEARA A CO. having been dissolv
ed hv a decree of tne First Provost Court of Savannah,
all persons having claims against said firm willpre
sent them forthwith to the undersigned,
iV26-ti * W, U’MEAKA.
and attorney for claims,
No 241 F Street, Between 13« b and 14tu Streets,
(Near Pay Department,)
WASHINGTON, D. C.
Who wish to realize immediately, will consult their
General Commisskji Merchants,
Refer to—Messrs. Charles L. Colby A Cos., Messrs.
Marcy, Day A Cos., William Battersby A Cos
Re-opening off Railroad Coin indication
[From the Florida Union.)
On Thursday last week the first through
train from Lake City arrived at Jacksonville.
This places us in direct connection with the
interior of the State for a distance of two
hundred miles, with branch roads running
in each direction.. The benefits derived from
re-opening this route are already manifest in
the shipments of cotton, sugar, syrup and
other products of the country which are
daily arriving at this pl&ce, and the ship
ments of goods of all descriptions, which are
daily being sent into the interior in exchange.
The railroad from Jacksonville extends to.
Lake City. At Baldwin it crosses the Flori
da Railroad, which at present is in running
order to Cedar Keys only. At Lake City
the Pensacola and Georgia railroad com
mences and extends to Quincy, about two
liuudred miles from Jacksonville. At Live
Oak station some twenty-five miles from
Lake City a Branch road extends to the Sa
vannah and Gulf road. Thirty miles from
Tallahassee is a road eight miles in length
leading to Monticello. At Tallahassee a
branch road twenty miles in length runs to
St. Marks. •
Under the present arrangement a traveller
leaves Jacksonville at two or three P. M. on
Monday and arrived at Lake City the same
evening at seven or eight; there he is com
pelled to lay over till four the foUowing
morning then a train leaves for Tallahassee
and Quincy, making connections with the
branen roads. Thus a traveller is not only
subject' to a vexatious delay, but does not
even gain advantage of a full night’s rest. It is
stated that tbe condition and interests of the
Pensacola and Georgia road will not permit
night travel. There are important stations
on the road, and connections which render
it essential that trains should pass over it iu
the day time. The expense, business, con
dition of road and rolling stock at present
warrant only tri-weekly trips. With all these
connections and facts before os we see no
reason why passengers should not be trans
ported to their places of destination without
detention. The fact that daily trips are
at present impracticable renders such an ar
rangement more important. The condition
of tne road according to engineers and oth
ers supposed to be capable of judging, will
allow a speed of twenty-five miles per hour,
exclusive of stops, except a few miles be
tween Jacksonville and Baldwin.
We will suppose a train leaves Jackson
ville at sa. m. Monday. Allowing for the
extra care in running over the newly and un
perfectly laid track, two hours is certainly
sufficient to reach Baldwin. A train could
here be in readiness to start for Cedar Keys,
with little detention by transfer of passen
gers. Tbe remainder of the distance to Lake
City is a trifle over forty miles. There are,
we believe, five stopping plates. Allowing
fifteen minutes stoppage at Baldwin and ten
minutes each at other stations,■ would make
10 a. m. the hour of arrival at Lake City.—
Allowing half an hour for changes at that
station, the train would leave at half past
ten. For Lake City to Tallahassee is one
hundred and five'miles. At twenty-five miles
per hour this would be accomplished in a
trifle over lour hours. There are ten stop
ping places between the places. Allowing
thirty minutes stop at Madison station to
dine, 15 minutes at the junction of the Mon
ticcllo road, and 10 minutes at the remaining
eight stations, together with other delays,
we will say two hours and a half, is thus
consumed; added to four hours, make
six hours and a half, making the hour of ar
rival at Tallahassee five P. M. Allowing the
usual stoppage (one hour) at Tallahassee and
ten minutes at each of the three way stations,
the train would reach Quincy at seven P. M.
Thus the entire journey would be accomp
lished without compelling travellers to start
or arrive at unreasonable hours, any vexa
tious delays, or night travel. The return
trip on the following day could be made on
the same time-table. This being the direct
line, passing through aud connecting the
most important points in the State, the
branch railroads, of course, make their time
table conform to it. The only one of any
considerable length is the Cedar Keys road.
The trains could leave Baldwin soon after
the arrival of the train from Jacksonville,
reaching Cedar Keys the 9ame day ; return
ing could leave Cedar Keys in time to con
nect at Baldwin with the train returning to
Jacksonville. The remaining branch roads
would have to vary but little from their pre
sent running time. This arrangement allows
ten minutes stop at every station, (many of
which do not require two minutes detention)
ample time at all points to make changes,
etc., where necessary.
The City op Cologne —This ancient Ger
man town which is now holding an interba
tional exhibition is growing with almost the
rapidity of an American town. Within the
last twenty years it has more than doubled
the number of its Inhabitants. From tbe
66,000 it hsd in 1844, it has, Within less than
a generation, grown to be a city of something
like 140,000 in 1865. Trade it flourishing,
and not a trace left of the 12,000 meodiosots
who, under the ecclesiastical government,
subverted as late as sixty yur? ago, used to
infest the streets in a professional wav and
plant themselves at fixed »ation9. Jfcom
the north-east the coal and iron districts of
the Lower Rhine are pouring asD«i of rich
es into tbe ancient but very yqntnful me
tropolis of the land; in the scyth-west the,
mines and cloth manulacfcyie* ot tte Julich
and Moselle country h#Te besn Tendered
tributary to tbq commercial enterprise and
the financial resources flf CJblegne; while
the wine trade and the tr|de generally
have here found one busiest and
most lucrative centres, Ataong the pecu
liar advantages of ColOfpw it ought to be
mentioned also that a Rhinelander, when be
has leathered his nest and waits w enjoy his
remaining years, wifijtafdly ever retire to
Berlin, but, if he iikwtdwn life aHdl, is al
most sure to prefer old “Oolle.**
—The statistics of the ffcnited States cen
sus show that the numbefiof deaths among
the colored population, oi Boston, is nearly
twice as large as the number of births ; and
that if it were not for tbe acpessionf-Zrom tbe
South, the negro pop.tri>*«i would soon be
PRICE. 5 CENTS
The He*ry Ordnance of the United States.
In the report of the committee on the con
duct of the war occurs the following with
regard to the heavy guns in our service:
Under tbe head of “heavy ordnance” your
committee would call attention to three classes
esof guus: First, those made entirely of
cast iron; secondi, those made of cast iron
and banded with wrought iron; and third,
those made entirely of wrought iron. Os the
first class are the guns generally known as
the Dahlgreen gun and the Rodman gun.
Os the second class is the Parrott gun. Os
the third class is the Ames gun. There is
still another gun known as the YViard steel
gun, but as ii docs not come, so far as you
committee have been able to leara, under the
head ot “heavy ordnance,” they have not
deemed it necessary to devote much atten
tion to it.
THE RODMAN GUN.
The Rodman gun, while having to some
extent its peculiarity of form, is principal
ly distinguished by the mode adopted in its
manufacture, which is an invention of Ma
jor T. J. Rodman. The casting is made
around a hollow core, or core-barrel, as it is
termed, into which is introduced a stream of
cold water, the outside of the casting being
kept heated until the cooling from the inte
rior reaches the outer portion of the mass of
metal forming the casting. This mode of
manulacture, it is claimed, insures two im
portant advantages over the old method of
casting the gun solid and then boaring it out.
The strain upon the metal produced by cool
ing in large masses is reversed, rendering
the gun less liable to burst from the explo
sion of the powder in it; and a much greater
degree of hardness is given to the interior
surface, rendering the gun less liabltf'to abra
sion in the bore by the passage of the pro
jectile along it, aud the action of the gases
of the powder upon the metal. It is gener
ally held by the witnesses that no effective
gun of large caliber can be made of cast
iron except upon the Rodman principle, or
the principle of cooling from the interior.
THE DALGREN OIN. i
The Dablgren gun is the invention of'Rear
Admiral John A. Dablgren, and is distin
guished bv its exterior form. The plan
adopted to avoid tbe strain consequent upon
cooliug a solid casting of large size from the
outside is to make the castings considerably
larger than otherwise would be needed to
produce a gun of the required size, anneal it
alter cooling, then turn tt down to the prop
er size and lorm. But the Dahlgren guns of
the largest caliber are now being manufac
tured upon the Rodman principle. These two
guns are the only two guns of large caliber,
made entirely of cast-iron, which are now
used in the service. They are generally
smooth-bore guns, but few, if any of the
larger caliber being rifled.
THE PARROTT GUN
The rifled gun of large calibre, employed
almost wholly in Ihe army and naval service,
is the gun invented by Robert C. Parrott. It
is composed of a cast-iron cylinder, with a
wrought iron jacket or band, shrunk upon
the breech of the gun, in order to strengthen
k about the scat of discharge. The cast-iron
cylinder of this gun was formerly cast solid,
and then bored out: but latterly those of the
largest calibre are cast upon the Rodman
principle. The Parrott rifled-gun of large
calibre is used upon our naval vessels, being
able to throw projectiles with greater accu
racy and to a greater distance than the
smooth bore guns. At the time of their in
troduction into the service they were un
doubtedly tbe beßt rifled guns of large calibre
which the government could obtain. But
the bursting of the Parrott guns of large cal
ibre, together with the bursting ot some
of the cast-iron guns of large calibre,
upon tbe vessels engaged in operations
against Fort Fisher, has tended to weaken
confidence in tbe durability of these guns.
THE AMES GUN.
The committee refer, somewhat at
length, to a wrought-iron gun, which
to them seems to possess those quali
ties of strength, durability, and safety, which
are so very desirable. It is the invention of
Horatio Ames. But few of these guns havo
yet been manufactured, yet they have suc
cessfully withstood every test that has been
applied to them. Upon the 21st ot August
last, at the request of the inventor, the
President ordered the appointment of a board
to test a gun #f seven-inch caliber manufac
tured by Mr. Ames.
As the result of the examination the board
report: “It is the unanimous opinion of the
board that Ames’ wrought-iron guns possess
to a degree never before equalled by Any
cannon of equal weight offered to our ser
vice, the essential qualities of lateral and
longitudinal strength, and great powers of
endurance under heavy charges ; that they
are not liable to burst explosively and with
out warning, even when fired nnder very
high charges ; and that they are well adapt
ed to the wants of the service generally, but
especially whenever long fqpges anu high
Velocities are required.
—Abraham Stemberger, a citizen of Kos
ciusko, Tenn., who bad fled from .home at
the beginning of the war, and been residing
dt Memphis, was on the wav- to his borne
when he was murdered on tbe highway. He
had considerable money on bis person, which
was taken, and roost of bis clothing. He
leaves a wife and four children, who reside
A cat in Titusville, Pa., has given birth to
a litter of four kittens, which are joined to
gether at tbe back and sides in such a man
ner that when two of them are walking tbe
other two are on their baqks, with their feet
—The grape rot is attracting tbe attention
of Cincinnati horticulturists. The disease
has broken out afresh, and seems to attack
nearly every variety.
—lt is [said that the French and English
fleets will meet off Plymouth on the 17tn of
July, the former to visit theEnlgish.the latter
the French ports, on a holiday cruise.
g— I The infant son of the Prince of Wales
is to be christened Albert Christian Emanuel.
He will be known under the name of Prince