The Savannah Daily Herald.
a. W. M tso.v A Cos., PROPRIETORS.
Sauoil W. Mason, Editor.
SAVANNAH. SATURDAY, AUGUST 6, 1966.
FOR LOCAL HATTERS SEE THIRD FACE.
TUB ENGLISH JUDICIARY.
It is dow upwards of three centuries siuce
the Judiciary of England has received the
slightest t&rni9h. In the long catalogue of
able Judges which has adorned the bench in
England, there has not been one that has,
like Bacon, soiled his palm with gold. A
more incorruptible body of magistrates can
not be found in the administration of justice
in any part of the world. A lord Chancellor
of tyrannical inclination disposed to strech the
royal prerogative beyond its constitutional
limits—a Mansfield, an Eldon, a Thurlow,
an Ellenborougb, a Kenyon, will occasional
ly cross our path, but the ermine was never
soiled by which their shoulders were adorn
But the world was startled recently by the
charge of Nepotism against one of those who
have been entrusted with the great seal.
Lord Westbury whose judicial attainments
are of the first order, and who had reached
his late eminence by the usual gradations—
has been compelled, despite ministerial sup
port, to resign his position as Lord Chancel
lor. It was found that he had abused the
pationage of his office by procuring a retiring
pension for an unfaithful public officer on
condition of bis resigning his office in favo r
of his son. There is no positive proof of the
fact, but there is strong presumptive evidence
of a corrupt bargain. So decided was the ex
pression of opinion in the House of Com
mons, that there had beeu at least collusion
between the parties, that the Chancellor was
compelled to bend to the storm and resign.
In England so jealous are they of the reputa
tion of their public men—so high is their
standard of political morality, that like
Cascr's wife they must be above suspicion.
The large amount of patronage with which
the Lori Chance llor in Englandis clothed must
be inimical to the purity of that office. He has
the appointment to a large number of church
livings, besides to raauy subordinate offi
ces in chancery. This presents a tempta
tion too strong to be resisted in the dispen
sation of that patronage. The judicial office
should be removed beyond the sphere of such
temptation. We associate the idea of the
administration of justice, in its utmost puri
ty, with more elevated conceptions than dis
pensing the emoluments of office.
The office of Lord Chancellor in England
is an anomaly. He exercises a variety of
functions that cannot be reconciled to any
abstract notions of propriety. He is a privy
councillor as well as a judicial magistrate,
thus blending political with judicial func
tions. As keeper of the Kings con
science it is part of his duty to advise
him, who on his advice may pursue or
withhold a measure indispensable to the wel
fare and prosperity of the kingdom. It is
well known that Lord Eldon prevented
George the Third from conceeding the Cath
olic claims, and that Lords Thurlow and El
lenborough were the advisers of every meas
ure for strengthening the prerogative.
The Chancellors form part of every ad
ministration. They retire with the ministry
on every resignation, a custom adverse to
the stability of justice, although none of the
judges are removable except ou the address
of both Houses of Parliament—custom and
law thus conflicting The establishment of
a political connection between this branch
of the Euglish judiciary and the government
tends still further to impair the usefulness of
that branch. Combined with the patronage
it enjoys, it is calculated so to unite and
blend the different departments—the judi
cial, the legislative and executive—as to con
found that line of demarcation between them,
the object of every just theory of the divi
sion of power In the construction of govern
It, however, could scarcely have been
otherwise under the British system. It was
not the result of formal convention, as was
the Constitution of the United States and of
many of the States, but of accident and of
gradual formation. ,
Some of the auomalies by which It la char
acterized were unavoidable, but that patron
age which places the duty of the highest
legal officer of the Crown in opposition to
his interest might and should have been
WOK UNTO THEE, SAVANNAH.
A Boston paper says, “The social condi
tion of Savannah is represented as deplora
ble.'' A letter in the Augusta Transcript,
written from Savannah, has the following :
We have a strange society now—all races,
and people ot all opinions, mingling in new
relationship. Sin is in the ascendant; Zion
in the dust.
It would appear from these paragraphs
that this city stiuketh, at the present time, in
the nostrils of the nations ; that Sodom and
Gomorrah are likely to be comparatively de
sirable locations for residence “in that day,”
and that it were better for a large proportion
of Savaonakaus it they had never been born.
But we shall take the liberty of resenting any
design toward hanging a millstone about our
neck and casting us into the sea, until wo
learu what it is all about. We will not in
stitute any captious inquiry as to what cir
cles the (doubtless) veracious authors of the
paragraphs quoted above frequent in Savan
nah ; but we think that such serious impu-
talions should -be put In a less vague and
sweeping style. Against wbat class or class
es is the charge of corruption made—citizen
or military; men, women or youth ? Per
haps ten rig! teous persons may be found in
Savanoab. Shall we not have the chance of
defending them ? If not, we shall take refuge
without further concern in "Honi toil qui mat
FOREIGN EMIGRATION TO THE SOUTH
We see it stated that North Carolina has
sent a commission to Europe to make known
; the inducements to emigration to that State.
This i9 a step in the right direction, and we
hope it will be imitated by other Southern
States. The wonderful advancement of
those sections of our country heretofore open
to European emigration, has demonstrated
the great benefits accruing from the intro
duction of a thrifty laboring, agricultural and
artisan population from the European coun
tries, whose redundant numbers have been
driven to seek a borne in the New World.
There are some who, in the belief that our
republican institutions were endangered by
too large an infusion of the foreign “subject”
element, uneducated as it is in the principles
of popular sovereignty and self government,
have regarded with apprehension the im
mense influx of European emigration.
But this distrust we have always regarded as
a reflection upon our republican institutions.
Adopting the maxims of the declaration of in
dependence in their true meaning, that all
men beariug the same relation to Govern
ment are equals, and that the powers of Gov
ernment are justly derived from the consent
of the governed, we have considered it sur
render of our boasted superiority over
the monarchical systems of Europe
to admit that our free government is
in danger from men of our own race
and blood to whom it guarantees equal
rights, equal protection, and eligibility to the
highest prefetment. If our republican sys
tem affords the largest rational liberty, with
the highest personal enfranchisement that
man is capable of enjoying, with security
and order, then it has nothing to fear from
the largest aggregation of an assimila
tive race. If not, if our government is only a
republic in name, if there is nothing in our
governmental system to commend it to the
love, veneration and loyal support of those
who seek our shores as an asylum from the
wrong and oppression, which drove our an
cestors from their homes, then we should
welcome any reforms which may be inaug
erated by “the people” resolved only in se
curing those ‘inalienable rights’the great end
of popular government—“life liberty and
the pursuit of happiness.” To oppose
emigration and adopted citizenship, un
der proper regulations and qualifications, is
then to repudiate our much boasted repub
lican institutions, and to admits doubt at
least of the ability of our race for self govern
ment. _ >
j There formerly existed obstacles in the way
of an equal distribution of the foreign emi
gration to the Southern States. But recent
events, which have produced great political
and social changes, have removed these ob
stacles, and the South, no longer closed
against foreign emigration, is now beyond
doubt the most invitmg field for those who
desire to cast their lot in the great American
Republic. Georgia ''specially with her vast
agricultural and mineral resources, fertile
9oil, cheap lands, salubrious climate, abun
dant water power and great need of
capital and Industrial energy, offers
inducements at the .present time superior to
those of any other It should there
fore be among the first objects of ottr "State
Government, when reorganized, tb invite
emigration and capital to come among ns, to
promote which competent agents should be
sent abroad and prompt measures taken to
give the fullest information of the advantages
offered by our State to almost all classes of
emigrants. To the agriculturalist the cheap
and fertile lands of the interior are open; the
enterprising capitalist will find in the devel
opment of our vast mineral and manufactur
ing resources an inviting field, while labor
may be sure of remunerative employment,
with the certain prospect of ultimate pros
perity and independence.
—Four words a minute are got out of the
Atlantic Cable before being sunk. Every
word of five letters is five dollars telegraph
charges, or a dollar a letter. The expecta
tions are that this speed will be increased
when the cable is in the water. Experience
does not warrant this belief, for the causes
of disturbance of the electric current In the
wire are greater in the water than out of it.
If the cable,2ooo miles long, will work at ail
in the water, four words a minute at the con
templated prices, will yield a very large in
come on the cost, as the cable will work
both night and day.
—A story is told of two Vermont captains
in the war, betweeu whom was a generous
rivalry, ralating to their own gallantry ana
that of their companies. Both were danger
ously wounded at the Wilderness. Capt. B.
was insensible for two days, but on the
third opened his eyes and inquired if Capt.
W. was alive, and on being told be was do
ing well, said energetically, “Well, If W. can
live, I’ll be d—d if I'll die,” and he didn’t.
—The English Earl of Nottingham recent
ly rode in a railway carriage and persisted in
smoking, though it was against the rules of
the company. He was summoned to appear
before a magistrate, but refused to attend
claiming that as a peer he had a right to
smoke where be pieascs, and that it is a
breach of privilege to ask for a warrant
The Archbishop of Baltimore has re
quested Father Walter to cease his contro
versy relative to Mrs. Surratt's innocence.
LINES TO AMELIA S.
Amelia, do not say farewell,
Tho’ we are doomed to sever ;
Tis’ like a solemn parting knell.
Os pleasures gone forever.
Oh: find a gentle r Utn guage pray,
The mournful truth to toll;
Say parting friends must met one day,
But do not say, farewell.
ft tells of pleasures passed away,
Os pleasant rides. Oh I sorrow l
That summer’s smiles of yesterday,
Will blackness be to-morrow.
.** ¥ Ik *
No more the gentle milk white hone,
Shall feel thy soft caress ;
No more galloping ’neath the moss,
Thy presence cheer and Ueas.
Around the heart it seems to throw
A melancholy spell,
Os mingle 1 sorrow and of woe;
Oh l do not say farewell.
Savannah, Ang. 4,1866.
English Hotels and Waiters. —l went to
a second class one, and knew nothing of the
Adelphi or Washington houses, but mine al
ways impressed me with awe, and I never
entered it without feeling as if I was going to
church. Everything is in perfect order and
quietness. The lowest tones of voice we al
ways used, and ladies attend at the office.
The coffee room is still a wonder to me, for
wherever Igoit is the same. This one was
finely carpeted, bung with pictures, and dra
pery curtains, furnished with arm-chairs,
sofas, and three tables. In one corner stood
two devout individuals with white neck-ties,
and broadcloth suits, looking like penitent
sinners. One of them immediately began to
hop towards me on tip-toe with his hands
under his coat tails, giving him the appear
ance of a very solemn bird. He received my
order, motioned me to a table and very
quietly proceeded to fulfil it. Let us sup
pose it is a lamb chop. 1 sit at one of the
tables, and presently it appears in a covered
dish. One by one the side dishes are brought
in, and one by one the covers are removed
without so much as a tinkle. In the centre
of a white napkin, garnished with mint, lies
the little crisped chop; three potatoes are ar
ranged like a pyramid on one side and there
is a mould of squash on the other. The but
ter is garnished with mint and brought on
the table in moulds, while the water is in
bottles, the lower part of which are frozen,
and which are used instead of ice-pitchers.
Pastry is rarely used, the English taking
cheese and porter instead, which is supposed
to aid digestion. Every waiter wears a broad
cloth suit with white neck tie, and always
approaches you as if he were about to whis
per some fearful secret. It is the same in
Ireland and is possitively distressing. Tou
feel awed in the presence of so magnificent
an individual. You invest bim with all man
ner of secret mystery, and half suspect that
he has beard some report about you which
he will spread and ruin your reputation. If
he would only make a noise, or break some
thing, or fall down stairs ; but no, be is al
ways impassive except when you give him
& penny and he touches his hair.
A Belgian Scandal.— The king of Bel
gium has thrown his sons, the Dnke of Bra
bant and Comte de Flandre, into a state of
great excitement by a determination to mar
ry a Madame Meyer, widow ’of an artillery
officer, who has been the object of his af
fections for many years, and recognizing her
son under the title of Count de’Ardennes.
It so happened that the Count de’Ardenues is
one of the handsomest men about the Court,
one of the most accomplished likewise ; and
the great argument made use of by the king
in justification of his marriage is the supe
riority of presence as displayed by the young
Count de'Ardennes over the legitimate sons
of the Priucess Louise of Orleans. The af
fair is hushed up as much as possible
at Brussels, but it has got wind, nev
ertheless. Leopold is beut on the mar
riage as a means of satisfying his own sense
of justice ; the Brussels public is on his side,
and hostilities, which never before existed,
have been declared in the family camp.
—Jean Berchman, a Belgian Jesuit, who
was born in 1659 and died in 1721, has lately
been beatified. A pamphlet, sold under the
portico of St. Peter’s, at Rome, containing a
sketch of Berchman’s life, mentions a large
number of miracles performed by his inter
cession, among which three have been de
clared authentic by the Congregation of
Rites. These were instantaneous healings
of maladies deemed incurable.
The Western papers are in ecstacles
about a young lady ou Rock Prairie, seven
teen years old, who drives her father’s reap
ing team, and frequently takes a load of
grain fifteen miles to market and sells it.—
She plays the piano, sings charmingly, does
the honois of the drawing-room with dig
nity, and can make a loaf of bread.
—The German lager beer saloon keepers
of New York, in consequence of the exorbi
tant price which the brewers are charging,
($lB per barrel), propose establishing brew
eries by themselves on shares, for the pur
pose ot reducing the price.
Brooms to let" -7-
At Hilton Stead, S. 0.,
THE Palmetto Herald Building having been Newly
Fitted Up, now offers large and airy rooms, suita
ble for Bl*epinfc Apartments or business purposes.
For terms apply jo vV. S. Sampson, Jr., Box No. 26,
Hilton Head Post Office, or on the premises, corner of
Merchants' Bow and Palmetto Avenue, from 4 o’clock
to 6 o'clock p. m. Jn22
r piIERE is a Letter at our office for Mr*. J. M.
ISRAEL R. SEALY A CO.,
auS-3 go 7 Bay street.
THE firm of O’MEARA A (X). having been dissolv
ed by a decree of the First Provost court of Savan
nah, all persons having claims against aald firm will
present them forthwith to the undersigned,
Jy*&-tf W O’MEARA.
OFFICE PROVOST MARSHAL,
Sue Distsjot os’ Oancuxc,
Savannah, Oa., July 27, 1866,
THE dtiaens of Savannah are hereby requested to
report at this office all able-bodied persona, either
white or colored, who are found loitering about the
Street*. Market Houses, Whites, or other places
within the'Units of this Command, without visible
means of support, in order that they may be prompt
ly arrested and put upon Government or other work.
CHARLES H. COX,
Capt and Provoet Marshal,
Sub district of UgevvUo.
_ NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.
PIONEER LINE FORNEWYORK
. The U. 8. Mall Steamship CHASE,
Capt. Boons, will sail (hr the above
P° rt oa her regular day,
Thandsy, Amgast 10th, at —O’clock.
For Freight or Passage, haring superior accommo
dations, apply to
HUNTER A GAMMBLL.
ans 84 Bay street.
White Sulphur Springs,
A Popular aad Healthful Resort#
THE subscriber la preparod to accommodate Board
ers at the above named Springs, situated within
twelve miles of Lake City and seven miles from Wel
burn Station, oh the Jacksonville and Tallahassee
Railroad. Stages connect regularly with the trains to
convey passengers to the Springs.
The Sulphur Springs are noted for the bountiful sup
ply of water and for its medicinal virtues, many case*
of long standing disease having been affected by then
Terms adapted to suit the times.
aus-dl wASawSw W. A. TURNER
For Southern Bank Notes.
MANNING & DE FOREST,
19 WALL STREET, NEW YORK.
Bank of Berkeley 70
*• Commerce. Fredericksburg 80
•• Charleston, Charleston 20
“ the Commonwealth 16
•• Ho wards villa 20
“ Old Dominion 80
“ Philippi is
“ Rockbridge 20
“ Rockingham 20
“ Scottsville 20
-the Valley. so
“ Virginia $0
“ Winchester 20
Central Bank of Virginia 20
Corporation of Alexandria 60
Danville Bank, Danville 20
Exchange Bank of Va., Norfolk 20
Farmers' Bank of Fincaatle.... 20
*' “ Richmond 20
Merchants' Bank, Lynchburg 20
Monticello Bank 15
Northwestern Bank at Jeffersonville 70
Southwestern Bank, Wythesvllle 20
Traders’ Bank, Richmond 20.
Bank of Cape Fear
“ Charlotte 22
“ - Clarendon 26
“ Commetce 16
“ Fayetteville 26
“ Lexington 20
*• North Carolina 30
“ W adesborough 26
“ Washington 20
“ Wilmington.... 26
“ Y.tnoeviile ....26
Commercial Bank, Wilmington ..26
Farmers’ Bank of North Carolina 26
Merchants’ Bank, Newbem 26
Bank of Camden. .10
*• Charleston 15
“ Chester .. 15
•* Geo getown 75
“ Newbury 15
" State of South Carolina .......17
Commercial Bank. Columbia
Exchange " “ • 7®
Farmers’ and Exchange 72
Merchants’, Cberaw.... 12
People’s Bank so
Planters’ and Mechanics’ Bank 16
South W. R. R. 26
State Bank 10
Union Bank 45
Augusta Insurance and Banking C0mpany.........12
Bank of Augusta ....14
•' Athens £0
' Commerce 12
“ Fulton 15
“ Empire State
“ Middle Georgia... 50
Bank of State of Georgia 25
Central Railroad Banking Company (Sc
City Bank ot Augusta 20
Far men’and Mechanics 12
Georgii Railroad and Banking Company 15
Mechanics’ Bank 10
Merchants' “ _
Merchants end Planters' Bank 12
Timber Cutters' Bank 15
Union •* 12
Bank of Mobile . ..(&
Commercial Bank 26
Central *• —, 2*
Eastern Bank so
Northern “ 26
Bank of Chattanooga 18
“ Memphis is
* “ Middle Tennessee *0
•' Tennessee 20
“ West Tennessee ,ie
City Bank of Nashville 35
Commercial Bank 20
Ococe *• 26
Southern “ 20
Shelbyvllle “ 20
Traders' “ 26
Bank of America 95
“ New Orleans 50
Citizens' Bank 92
Louisiana State Bank
Mechanics’ and Traders’ Bank
Southern *• '9O
Union •• 1 .50
New Orleans City Scrip.
STATE BONDS AMD COUPONS.
Virginia Bonds and Coupons 67 to 60
N Carolina “ « . ■ tb
8 Carolina “ ••
“ '* 76 to 82
Tennessee “ ** 70
Memphis City “ '• M
Augusta,ua. “ ••
City ot Memphis Coupons .76
Memphis and Charleston Railroad Coupons 55
vi y T
The above Bonds are bought with Coupons included
from July, 18SL
These quotations are liable to fluctuate, and cannot
be relied on for any length of time.
The Note* must be of the issue before the war, and
We pay the above rates in United States Legal Ten
der Notes, or in Gold Coin at market rates, if desired
by parties. Packages of notes can be sent by Express
wi ih instructions. Remittances made prompter.
GROCERIES LIQUORS, Ac.
’ - BY -
BTUART & CO.,
In Barrels, Half Barrels and
25 pound Sacks.
POPE’S HEAD BRUSHES,
HAIR AND FEATHER DUSTERS,
LONG HANDLED SCRUBBING BRUSHES
A Large Lot of New Potatoes
and Fresh Eggs.
STUART At CO.,
an 3-3 Comer Bull and Broughton streets.
Schooner “Electric Spark”
A Complete Assortment of
LIQUORS OF ALL KINDS.
These goods were bought very low for cash, andean
AT A VERT LOT FIGURE,J
W. A. BEARD'S,
Jy29-lw 164 Congress street.
TEAS, WINES AND LIQUORS,
Corns* Bcu. and Bbooghton Streets.
Special attention paid to country orders from Fami
lies and for the Trade.
Goods delivered to all parts of the city free of
L. Y. Stuart. H. M. Kelloso.
Wholesale and Retail Dealer
In Fine Groceries, Boots and Shoes, Clothing.
Foreign and Domestic Wines, Liquors and Segars.
Also, Skehan's Celebrated
GOLDEN ALE AND CHAMPAGNE CIDER,
in bottle and in wood.
London and Dublin Brown Stout, Scotch and Eng
lish Ales, Ac.
Liberal deductions made to the trade.
176 BROUGHTp.V STREET, SAVANNAH. '
aiid 62 Liberty street. New York
GADEN & UNCKLES,
GENERAL PRODUCE amp COMS’N MERCHANTS,
WHOLESALE DEALERS IN GROCERIES, PRO
Coaaas or Bat and EuUUuid Stmsts,
Highest market rates paid for Cotton, Wool, Htdasy
Ac., and liberal cash advances made on shipments to
our New York House. jyis
Geo. A. Hudson,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer
Groceries, Ales, Wines, Segars,
soots mi ooshsb or
EAST BROAD AND BROUGHTON STREETS,
savannah, Georgia. ■ ,j *
KIRUN & KIENZL.E,
Wholesale and Xtetall
ales, hikes and lager bier*
W 6 BAY STREET.
. to" u_
KIRUN, BURKE & BRO.,
WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
ALES, ms 11 LIQUORS,
CORNER WHITAKER STREET AND
ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED & DELIVERED.
George A. Grump & Cos.,
209 Bioiii Stsbxt, Austin, Ga,
OAVE on hand a large and well selected stock ot
r-J- Manufactured and Smoking Tobacco.
Samples sent by Express when desired. 3m Ju2o
Imported and Domestic
WINES AND LIQUORS,
At Wholesale, Iter Family Use,
AT HOT BAY STREET.
may944f IS * A * X *
O R » A 2L, £ .
LOOO bushels OATS.
1,000 do Whit a cobn,
CHEAP TO GX.OU OOMSramtKHT.
Jysi-tf Bay atrtst, 9 Stoddard's Building*.