/he Savannah Daily Herald.
BY S. W. MASON & CO.—
w —| ——•
SAMIKL W. 11A SOT,
W. T. THOMPSOX,.'.... Associate E<ti«or.
roa LW»L MiTTEKS SEE THIRD Mel.
T o advertisers.
M6.8.a.u inserted in the Morning Edition of the
Heui ,, will appear to toe Evening withoat extra
charge Advertisements should he handed in as early
a* passible, but will be received as late**M
at Bight. We adhere to oar advertised rates except
for!.*g advertisement*, or those inserted for a long
time, on which a reasonaWetoMomt*^ he “**'■
HOW TO OBTAIN THE HBBALD RKG "
Wc often have complaints from resident* of Savan
nah and Hilton Head tb.t they are not able always to
r “ , ‘ The demand is sometimes so
JSTa. to exhaust an Edit,on very soon .Per its issue,
and those-ho wish to have the Heaven regularly.
Should subscribe for it. We have faithful camera in
Sa\ aimfth and at Hilton Head, and through them we
always eerve regular subscribers first
KI SJNKSS DIRECTORY OP SAVANNAH.
We are no w publishing a column and more of brief
business announcements, caHWIv ctoMfied, under
the general head of -Savannah Business Directory.
It includes some forty leading business men and
nrtns of Savannah. We propose to retain this as a
regular feature of the The expense of m
sertiiig cards in this department ofthe paper is very
small and we believe the advertisers will receive
more than a proportionate benefit. Parties wishing
t„ have their carts included in this Directory, can do
so by sending them to our counting rOoin, or hand
mg them to Mr. M. J. Divine, who is authorised to
receive them. Prepayment will be Invariably re
A WORD OP ERtOPRAGEMEST TO
THIS FAI LTERI'b AND DESPONDENT.
The minds of many of our people are not
unfrequently disturbed by the apprehension
that the payment of our national, if not ren*
acred impracticable by its startling magni
tude, will so impoverish and cripple the re
sources of the country as to p aralize its en
ergies lor ages to come.
To dissipate such gloomy forebodings and
eassure the despondent, it is only neoesstuy
to contrast the present financial condition ol
the country with that of England when she
came out of the great struggle with the first
AVe have before us an interesting historical
sketch of the gloomy state ot affairs tliat dis
turbed, but did not destroy tlie sell-reliant
spirit of the Brittons, at a time when their re
sources and patriotism were so severely
taxed, from which we learn that at the
close of the war in the year 1815, the nation
al debt of England amounted to four thou
sand one hundred and fifty millions.of dollars.
At the time too, almost universal bankrupt
cy prevailed, and two millions of paupers
were supported by the public at an annual
cost of eighty millions of dollars.
The entire population of Great Britain, in
cluding Irelaud, was but seven millions, and
so low Bad the public credit already fallen,
that in 1818 it bad been necessary for the
Government to issue securities to the amount
of its, WO,OOO to obtain a loan 0ff25,500,000;
and in 1815, previous to the final victory at
Waterloo, government securities to the
amount of f65,440,000| were issued fora loan
Commerce and agriculture were complete
ly prostrated. Iu one parish every property
bolder, but one, was wholly ruined, and he
was called upon alone to pay the entire poor
rate of the parish, which was more than his
whole income. In ODe parish every farmer
abandoned his property, rather than pay the
enormous poor rates, aud the support of the
poor ofthe parish would have been laid, in
accordance with law, on the adjoining par
ishes, only that they, in like manner, contain
ed hardly any inhabitants that were not al
Large tracts of the finest agricultural re
gion were abandoned and ran to waste. In
the midst of all this, there was of course the
highest popular discontent, and mobs and
crimes of violentje were of dally occurrence.
It was estimated that at this lime nearly"
three millions of farmers aud mechanics were
out of employment, Specie payments liad
been suspended in 1797, and were not re
sumed till 1813. At this time the Rothchilds
made a large loan to the Government, which
though in a greater discount, relieved the
public Treasury of the immediate pressure
upon it, and the’people, now that peace was
established, addressed themselves with that
energy and resoluteness for which the Eng
lish ate celebrated, to the task of recovering
their lost property. With what success let
the present power and greatness of that
mighty Empire answer.
And now let us turn our attention for a
moment to the present financial condition of
our own country.
The total debt oi the United States on the
Ist ot August was $2,757,253*275, accotdiug
to the Treasury statement of that date. In
addition to this the Government owes
about $99,000,000 to the banks.
The national debt of Great Britain in 1815
exceeds that of the United States in 1805
more than a thousand million of dollars, and
with an excess of population iu favor of the
latter of thirteen millions.
The geometrical increase 0 f population in
the United States will, of course, greatly ex
ceed, for any given period, that of Great
Britain after the re-establishment of peace
with Napoleon, and when this fact 1; duly
considered in connection with the vast su
periority of this country in extent of its do
mam aud resources of every kind, it cannot
fail to convince the most skeptical of the
ability ol our Government, not only to can
cel iU indebtedness, but to accomplish it
with comparative ease to the tax-payers.
If out of the impoverished England of 1815,
has grown the proud and wealthy England
of to-day, what we ask, may be reasonably
expected with reference to the future wealth
and power of this magnificent country, that
has been more profusely endowed with all
the elements of resuscitation than even
haughty Britain herself.
So, let the dispondent take heart, push
foiward in the path of duty, and our word
ioUt, success will crown their efforts in the
Tjbf r. Dr vis' Chjldkex.—The New York
correspondent of the Richmond Bulletin, in
announcing the arrival of Mis. Davis’ moth
er in New York, says :
Mrs. llowell brought with her the chil
dren of President Davis, wholiave been de
lighted with the sights of this city. One re
port is that they are to be taken to Wash
ington, thence to Portress Monroe to *see
tbeir lather it pi rmi-sion cau lm obtained ;
smother is llrnt they art: to visit Mrs. Presi
tlent lyler at her residence on Staten Island,
and them remain some t ine. ’
It isl * remarkable fact .that there it a cer
tain connection betweeS crimes of a lighter
and deeper hue at all periods, but more par
ticularly when, as at present, we are in a
state of social disorganization. Theft very
often leads to murder. The lesser crime is
the prelude and provocative to the greater.
Government itself is responsible for much of
this, by the adoption of measures that un
settled the foundations of public morals. A
more wide-spread causa of private crime, as
well as public mischief cannot be imagined
than a depreciated paper currency. It
tempts to crime by the encouragement it
gives to speculation and gambling. It sos
\ts extravagance by the little value the pos
sessors of money place on their easily ac
quired wealth. It spreads corruption of
manners among those who, led by tbe spirit
of imitation, ape their betters in spending
large sums in entertainments, in furniture,
raiment and equipage.
It is to these sources wc must attribute
the numerous malversations that now crowd
the columns of our newspapers. The plea
put forth in extenuation, is not without plau
sibility. The defalcations of officials who
have look to fixed salaries as the only source
of income, is the inadequacy of these sala
ries for their maintenance. The depreciation
of the currency bears with intolerable pres
sure on this class of persons. Unless they
descend from their social position, or, having
families, their children are' deprived of the
benefits of education, it is inevitable that they
should fall in debt or, perhaps, become in
mates of the poor house. All articles ol pur
chase are enhanced, while their services nre
measured and estimated by a specie stand
In assigning the moral censure for ibis
state of things, those who adiniuister the fis
cal affairs of our moneyed institutions cannot
be acquitted of blame. It was certainly their
duty to have brought the compensation of
their officers to a level with the reduced
value of the circulating medium. This of
course does not excuse the moral delinquin
cy of parties who violate responsible trusts,
but it is some palliation of their offence that
titer wants and services have been so inade
Will the Neuuo Rack Die Out? —The
Washington Chronicle publishes quite an
elaborate article to show that the colored
race, now that it is free, is destined lo a not
very distant extinction. It gives figures to
prove that even previous to the war the rate
of increase ol the white race was much
greater than that of the black race. At the
time of the formation ot the
the blacks were about one-fifth of the
population; to day they do not number much
over ouc-lenth. The following table shows
the respective proportions of the two races
in the United Htates, as exhibited in each
Whites. F. Cold.
1780.... 80.72 18.27
JBOO 81.13 • 18.87
1810 80.87 19.03
1820 8157 18.43
1839 81.90 18.10
1840 83.17 16.83
1850 84.31 15.69
1860 85.88 14.12
and the black 757,363. In 18G(%the whites
numbered 28,975,574, to the blacks 4,441,730.
Tbe war Ims cut otf thousands of the color
ed race, and so changed and unsettled is
their condition, even under improved
circumstances it is doubtful if they hold
their own in numbers for years to come,
while there are many reasons tor believing
that future censuses will show a steady de
cline instead of increase of the black race.
A Yisrr to Alexander 11. Stephens.—
The New York Journal of Commerce of
Saturday says a gentleman, now at the Astor
House, lias just returned from Boston, where
lie succeeded in obtaining au interview with
Mr. Stephens, late rebel Vice President, in
his place of confinement at Port Warren.—
The apartment is described as partially un
derground, and so damp that fires are built
in the after part of the day without reference
to the external temperature. Mr. Stephens
is said to have appeared entirely submissive,
expressing himselt as having never been an
enemy to tiie government, but as having ac
cepted public office in the Confederacy with
hopes of contributing more speedily to a
settlement of the national difficulties. His
health is precarious.
—Crime is fearfully prevalent iu Illinois.
On Friday last a committee of citizens from
Vermillion county went to Chicago to obtain
the services of detectives to operate in that
county, it beiug iulestcd with a gang of law
less desperadoes. During the past week
four stores were broken open in the country,
aud over $5,000 in cash and large quantities
of goods stolen. Over a dozen horses were
stolen in the same time.
Letters from the ex-rebcl Vice President
Stephens, now in confinement at Port War
ren, speak of his health as “very precari
ous,’ - but not.from any lack of nourishing
food or kind treatment at the hands of those
who have him in charge. It is the close
confinement which he complains of as un
dermining his condition, which lias been
very feeble for several years.
Balloon Ascension. —Professor Lowe is
uow engaged in making daily ascensions in
liis wing air ship the “United States,” from
the ampitheatre at Central Park N. Y., the
object being to afford parties au opportunity
of seeing from the height the city aud its
Ciurlktton Daily News. —We have re
ceived the first number of this paper, which
was issued in Charleston on Monday last, by
t athcart, McMullen A Morton. The News
is a handsome sheet, and its contents evince
good taste and editorial ability. In their sa
lutatory the editors express their readiness
to acquiesce in the action of the government,
and sustain the President in the further
course it may be his policy to pursue—in
perfect trust that that course will be accord
ant with the best interests of our country.
The Savannah Herald. —This paper has
recently been enlarged and much improved
iu its appearance iu every respect. It is now
one of the best and most reliable journals is
sued in the South.— Aw/u&ta Chronicle.
Our up-river cotemporary will excuse our
modesty and accept our thanks for the' ex
pression ot an opinion in which we most
A private telegram received in New
1 ork says 800 tons of copper were lost in
Lake Huron by the siuking oi the steamer
ftirabic, worth at least $150,000,
Tbe States to be Ur.iMßt a?ki> >or Eqn/nxc axi>
Pl BMSHING TfUKH-S FOB THE SiTfKS'llß iw rux
Krbelijon.—According to act approved Jult a?,
1801. tiie -Secretary of the Tn-aamy is directed to jiay
to the Governor ot ally State, or his duly authorized
agents the cost, elianres aud expenaes. properly in
curred l>j such State for enrolling, subsisting, cloth
ing, supplying, aruuug. equipping, paying and trans
porting it* troops, employed in aiding to suppress the
rehellion, t'lnler this net claims have Seen Ailed by
the several States in the office of the Third Auditor
as iol lows :
Pennsylvania,...42.lis.4ia Minnesota $25,13.'!
Michigan, 6ia.te.ei Delaware 3,(119
Connecticut, 1,D40.633;10diaim 1.927,867
Kentucky, 2,*ls,4O*joliio 2.089,154
West Virginia,.. 0,91 b: Massachusetts,.. 3,501,766
New Hampshire, 1.319.712| lowa 647.57:!
New Jersey 546,225 Wisconsin 1,109,413
Kansas, 12.351 Illinois i5.500.613
Maine 1.144,319) New' York 2,946.96:;
Rhode Island.... as9,l9ojVermont 7ls,oyt;
Englishmen are just now excited on a sin
gular mutter. About five years ago the
| young child of a respectable family, living
in one of the suburbs of London, was myste
riously murdered during the night. The act
of murder was committed without awaken
ing, so tar as could be ascertained, any
member of the family ; neither mother nor
nurse had heard the child cry. The de
tectives were for once at fault. Suspicion
pointed most strongly, however, at the
father ; his razor had been used to do the
deed ; and, when finally Justice gave up her
search, 9he continued to point her linger to
the unhappy father, who, in the opinion of
the community, rested for five long years
under the intolerable burden of unproved
but strongly suspeeted guilt. He was drop
ped from society, and retired, a broken
nmn, to a country village, deprived of busi
ness, friends, and everything that makes lile
At last, a few weeks -ago, his grown
daughter, who had been for five j’ears pitied
as an unfortunate sufferer by her father s
crime, aud who had in the meantime, op
pressed as was thought by a burden of sor
rows. retired to a kind of convent, appeared
voluntarily before a judge, and confessed
that she had killed her little step-brother.
This confession ol Constance Kent has been
published in our columns, and we will not
now repeat her story. Very naturally the
public was excited : justice was at last done
to the wretched father, and Miss Kent was
held for trial. On the trial she pleaded guil
ty, and was sentenced to death.
When we consider that she murdered a
child, her step-brother, in cold blood, de
liberately, and that having done this cruel
act, she so adroitly concealed her own agency
in it as to throw suspicion upon her father;
when it is further remembered that for five
long years she coldly suffered her father to
rest under the cruel suspicion of having
killed his child—-when ail these circum
stances arc borne in, mind, it would seem
that if ever the death penalty could justifia
bly be indicted, this was a case.
But io t no sooner was Constance Kent
sentenced than the English public went off
into a fit of what the Spectator rightly calls
“maudlin sentimentality,” and demanded
and pleaded for her life. So strong was the
plea for mercy that this murderess was ac
tually reprieved, and her sentence has been
commuted to penal servitude for life. Even
this was too strong lor the public, and the
last news is that she is to be transported to
West Australia, where she will presently ob
tain a ticket of leave, and live, as an English
journalist remarks, a much happier life than
the majority of poor girls who have not mur
dered their brothers.
If this had happened in America, we
should have read in the Times and other
English journals long homilies upon the vi
ciousness and folly eugenaered of republican
institutions. Americans are too enlightened
to attribute such foolish and wicked senti
mentalism to the monarchical constitution of
of the English government; but tlrey cannot
help but notice that the same class in Eng
land which has pleaded lor the cruel murder
ess Constance Kent, has iu a similar way de
manded that Jeff Davis shall go unpunished.—
,Y. i. livening I'ost.
American Actors in England.
We read in the London Review the fol
lowing notices of actors well-known in this
city now “starring” in London :
“Thefate of Mr. J. E. Owens, the ‘great
American comedian,’ at the Adelphi, ought
to teach the dramatic profession that good
pieces are necessary to procure a sound the
atrical success. Mr. Owens has failed A) at
tract remunerative audiences, not because he
is a bad actor, for be is the best character
actor we have ever seen from America—but
because he appeared in the worst dramatic
rubbish ever placed upou the stage. Solon
Shingle may have been popular in New York
on account of the local interest felt in the
character so ably aud humorously represent
ed by Mr. Owens, but this local interest is
wanting in London. When the late James
Rogers went to America he failed in the
same way, becaused he represented nothing
but Cockney peculiarities.
“Mr. Owens’s successor, as a “star,’ at the
Adelphi, will be Mr. Jefferson, an actor well
known in America and Australia, lor whom
Mr. Diou Boucicault wrote the part of Salem
Scudder, in the ‘Octoroon,’ and adapted the
part Os Caleb Plummer in ‘Dot.’ Mr. Jeffer
son will make his appearance early in Sep
tember in anew romantic drama which Mr,
Boucicault is writing for him, based upon
Washington Irving’s famous story of ’Kip
“This story has been dramatized before in
America, but very badly, aud the version, if
we mistake not, was brought over to this
Country by Mr,
turned into an opera by (he American com
poser, Mr. Bristow. The new drama will
be placed on the stage with every care, under
the personal superintendence ot tbo author. ’
The National Debt. —Estimating the na
tional debt at twenty-five hundred millions
of dollars, and apportioning it according to
the number of white male adults over the
age qf twenty-one years in the different sec
tions of the country, it has been found that
the proportion of the New England Slates is
$308,689,352; of the Middle States $780,195,-
342 ; of the Western States $893,288,781 ; of
the Southern States $401,929,846; and of the
Pacific StatesJs9s,B9B,o77. This calculation
makes the South respousible lor over $460,-
000.000 of debt.
Paroled Rebel Prisoners—The Move
ment Southward.— Nearly all of the paroled
prisoners who were sent to this State a few
months ago by the War Deyartmetit, have
returned -to the South, or have found employ
ment in Northern cities. Those who are
furnished transportation now are mostly
from the hospitals. There are a few rebels
still at Elmira, but they will be scut South as
rapidly as possible. This morning eleven of
the paroled men arrived front Elmira, aud a
few others were received from the General
Hospital. There are at present only fifteen
rebels at the Battery, who belong to Geor
Within a few months between four and
five thousand rebel prisoners have been fur
nished quarters at the Battery. They were
treated as well us Union sold jets were. Some
of them have left the barracks and found
friends or occupation iu the city. AU of
them retain their passes, however, and oc
casionally a paroled rebel applies at the Bat
tery tor quarters aud transportation, which
are provided, lie is sent to the post neatest
Iris home. As the South becomes more quiet
the prisoners arc more eager to return than
they were a few months ago.
A’. Y. /’oil, B th ihst.
Mr. Coffin, of West Hartford, Conn., worth
SBO,OOO, put a bullet through bis brain last
week, and lived long enough to exultantly
assure his family physician, who hud cucc
relieved him of poison, “You are foo late
tiistime. You stopped it before, but you
can’t now.” •
There was a wicked boy who, when he
was told that the best cure for tlfo palpita
tion of the heart was to quit kissing the giils,
said i. “If that is the only reasott for palpita
tion, 18»y, let her palp 1” '
Au Ejihl«uii EralljrCouiing-Thitroargr
[From theJ/>udon Herald. July 2K]
That there is an epidemic traversing Eu
rope, east and west, and emiuating from Asia,
it would be folly to deny. Tbe privy Coun
cil admit the fact by issuing an order to the
authorities of all the British ports, and sev
eral governments have resorted, more or less
rigidly, to the principle of quarantine. In
France, earlier than in England, the danger
is confessed ; but, on both sides of the Chan
nel, it is unmistakably argued that with the
public lies, the chief responribility of guard
ing against infection. Bid water, corrupted
air, habits of diaorafcr, slovenly lodging
houses, putrid drains, and pc-rspnal unclean
liness. account for many a depopulating epi
demic. A disease is thus created which we
designate as cholera. It is not new to the
world. It is known, among the oldest tra
ditions of social calamity, to India, China,
and Russia ; it has been called colic and nau
sea, but it is, as a rule, inseparable from
those customs which travelers hare ascribed
to the inhabitants of Muscat. People laucy
wlieu they read of precautions adopted at
Southampton aud Hull that they have got at
the secret of security. They read the liisto- •
ry of the epidemic in its progress from
the Ganges in 1817 to its outburst
over England in 1831 ; they watch its
movement from Hamburg to London, trom
Sunderland to Edinburgh, and through the
triple panics of 1853, 1854 and 1859. What
are we doing, however, to arrest the conta
gion, now manifestly spreading over the
North and East of Europe ? In Eugland the
Board of Health recommends an encourage
ment of pure air aud water, the use of tlistn
lectants, deodorizing preparations, ablutions,
anil the removal of dirt in eveiy conceivable
way. From France medical writers assure
us that the cholera follows the lines of the
sea coast and of great rivers; that it is gene
rally, a misfortune ofthe vast high roads con
i Electing different countries: that in the East
| it is often trailed along the path of a caravan;
that in Europe it usually spreads from popu
lous centers; and that by rigorous precautions
its approach may be prevented. Thus it has
been kept out of Saxony, Hanover, Saxe-
Weirnar, Gotha, Anhalt, Hesse, Brunswick
and Mecklenburg, which have quarantined
themselves into a state, so to speak, of medi
cal isolation. But its travels are rapid, never
theless, and whether its influence be con
tagious or not is a question no longer to be
disputed. All we Lave to do is to recognize
the fact that, directly or indirectly, we are
menaced by this frightful scourge ; that it is
roaming Europe; that it lias visited Egypt,
Turkey and Italy; that it creates apprehen
sion in France ; and that our own adminis
tration has been roused to issue a public
THe Story of a Robin.
A correspondent of the London Atlieme
um writes :
“Some years since a robin frequented my
garden in the neighborhood of Portsmouth.
Whilst at work, alone or with my children,
he would follow me about to obtain insects
and other things from the newly disturbed
earth. I was very regular in going out af
ter breakfast when the weather permitted.
The little creature became aware of tills,
and I generally found him perched on a
buckthorn tree, that grew jutt outside the
door, ' watting for liie. As soon as I ap
peared he rvould begin fluttering liis wings
and showing other signs of pleasure, He
would then move with me from place to
place until I began to work, when he would
settle down very near me, searching the
ground, as it was turned over for food. We
continued on these terms of the iniimacy
during the summer. In the autnm he dis
appeared, but returned again on the ap
proach of winter. His proceedings during
this season were often very amusing. At
one time another robin came about the par
lor window, which seemed greatly to excite
our little friend; and they had mauy pitched
battles. Previous to these onsets they would
advance along an asparagus bed in front of
the window, in parallel lines, and when
crumbs were thrown out the cdtiflict
would commence. Whilst they were fight
ing the sparrows generally made otf with
the pieces. This war only terminated with
the disappearance of the Intruder.
“But our robin's troubles were not at an
end. He was now beset by numerous spar
rows, whose courage increased as the pro
gress of winter diminished their means of
subsistence. With some of these he had
most desperate conflicts, aud this state of
things did not cease until the coming on of
spring enabled the former to find food else
where. The robin also disappeared after a
time, but soou returned with a ’mate, -and
reared a blood somewhere about the premis
es. During the following winter the same
wars were waged as before, with similar re
sults. Our triend mated again the succeed
ing spring, and appeared to have gained
confidence from the manner in which he had
lived amongst us. Tho nest was built this
year on a little shell in an outbuilding at tho
bottom of the garden. Here they reared
their youug, the. hen during the period of
incubation remaining on the nest even when
some of the family were close to it; but it
was out of the reach of the # children. I shall
not readily forget our friend's joy when the
young ones made their appearance.
“ One morning, on goifig into the garden,
as usual, my attention was attracted by his
uncommon agitation and proceedings. He
would come about with great earnestness of
manner, and then fly towards the nest, and
repeated this until it occurred to me that he
meant something. On following hint he ap
peared to express great delight, flying back
wards and forwards until we arrived at the
nest. The female was absent, and he seemed
to enjoy the pleasure of introducing me to
his tainily, hopping about with the greatest
glee. We found afterwards that the lieu did
not approve of any of us approaching her
youug, as slio invariably gave a note of alatm
when any of us went near them. Circum
stances arising that caused our removal ter
fuinated my acquaintance with the robin.”
Why Prisoners were not Exchanged. —
New York, Aug. 11.—Junius Henri Browne
furnishes a statement to tbe Tribune, this
morning, in response to tbe one recently
made by Mr. Charles A. Dana relative to the
exchange of prisoners, in which he (Browne)
says he and Mr. Richardson, after their es
cape from prison, spent a week in Washing
ton endeavoring to obtain the release of our
prisoners in Southern prisons, hut were un
successful, l»eing tolcl that the Secretary of
War was an obstacle in the way of the re
sumption of exchange.
Mr. Browno says Gen- Butler, in his speech
at Lowell, Mass., stated that he had been
ordered by Mr. Stanton to put forward tbe
negro question to complicate and prevent
Col. A- B. Straight, a fellow prisoner with
Browne in the Libby prison, told Mr. Rich
ardson, after his return to freedom, that in
an interview between the secretary and him
self, the former declared to him the govern
ment could not a (fort to exchange able bo
died men for skeletons.
Other officers aud civilians have assured
Brown that the Secretary had used to them !
the same language in effect, aud there is no I
doubt whatever, Browne says, that that was J
his policy and determination until the clnrn
ofs of the people compelled him to retire J
h’oin his barbarous position.
He also says: “Every one is aware that
when the exchange did take place not the
slightest alteration had oceuircd in the ques
tion, and that our prisoners might as well
have been released twelve or eighteen months
before tfie resumption of the cartel, which
would have saved to the Republic 12,000 or
15,000 heroic lives.”
Porui.ATiON ok New Yoke. —A census of
the State of New York is now in progress,
and the returns of New York city show that
its population is J,00,350; an'increase of
189,581 since 1860. Tho total valuation of
properly in the city is $608,784,355. Real
E~tate increased $16,655,399, while personal
estate nominally fell off $46,000,000; owing
largely to the fact that the Government
bonds are port-taxable. It is estimated that
the aggregate population of the State is 4,-
After tbe War.
[From Harper’* Magazine for August, with as iW
luwrathwi on trootl. rej»re>vriiliqr a larmer « ailing
upon a son to g«*t a hoPmfshod, and nn«l*
mg him with a swonl upon hi? anvil, whi«*h hois
beating into a ploughshare.]
H<» : 14a 1 1>itiirh an* you busy*
Mt horse has ra«r a shoe,
lionir road have 1 to travel,
\ uu must lit u." out anew.
Look, round my forge, prood farmer,
Aud tell me what you am ;
Am I buriy r am 1 idle t
Ask the anvil at in; knee.
I see around your workshop
Mark implements of war,
Can it be that you are forging,
Some new-born quarrel tor.
Not so. in> jovial fanner.
The weapons that 1 forge
No manly limb shall sever,
Draw no gore-drops, cut no gorge.
• Sword I'm turning into ploughshare,
Into reaping-hook the gun.
Hen* are bayonets by the bushel—
tffcall 1 shoe your horse w ith one ?
Or If a broken fetter
From the South his hoof will lit,
Lead in your horse, good farmer,
And i’ll iron him with it !
[From the New York Evening Post.]
All day fierce heat had held the qniveriug earth
In iron grip. The sky from red to pale
Had turned with fear; and white aud still.
The clouds had crept uway, in masses, to the north.
The meadow hazels, 'neath their clustered load
Os satin and green-ruffled nuts, had drooped ;
fcJweet ferns had knelt to die; rihd choked and mate,
Smce morn, had lain the cricket, hid below
The fallen spears of water flags. In dumb
Amaze the patient cattle to their bars
Had crowded, waiting help. All nature gasped;
All life seemed sinking into death!
. . Then arose,
In distant sunset depths, a solemn sound;
the wheels of God’s great chariot, rolling slow 1
An instant more, and, with sharp blaae aud bourn,
His signal guns lit up and shook the sky,
'y ori *succor on the way ! And then
1 he still, small voice of rain, iu which He tens,
And cooled and lulled liis fainting world to sleep !
* Oh, iron-handed grief, which holds niyeoul
In searing grasp, and leaves my stifled days
No voice, no lii'e—will there a sound of help
Arise in sunset depths for me ? Does God
S-Im 1 • WU* His chariot wheels draw near ?
*ll He command this cloud to break in rain
Os healing tears? And will He give to me,
At last, as unto His beloved, sleep ?
Mxncfactubx.* in New England.—The total* of
manufactures iu the New England States, 1860, are
exhibited in the eighth census returns as follows, viz.:
Annual value of products, $468,599,286
Animal cost of labor, 101,231,466
Cost of raw material 245,523,107
Capital invested, 257,477,783
Number of establishments, 20,671
Mule hands employed, 262,834
Female hands employed, 129,002
TREASURY DEPARTMENT, )
Eighth m-roial Agrkcv, }
Charleston, 8. 0., August 10,1865. )
Whereas, I have been specially advised by the Hon
orable Secretary of the Treasury and authorized to
collect and forward to New York all property belong
ing to the so-called Confederate Government, I here
by enjoin all persons having knowledge of such pro
perty to communicate the same tojne or to the near
est authorized Treasury Agent, that measures may be
taken to secure it for the National Treasury. All
private property will be scrupulously respected, but
all persons claiming property last in the custody of
the Confederate Government itmstprefer* their claims
to the lawfully constituted tribunal—the Court of
Claims at Washington such property bein
captured by the Armies of the . United
States. All persons are warned against conceal
ing Confederate Stores, Clothing, aud especially Cot
ton Ind other products collected as tythes or tax in
kind, or goods, wares or merchandise of whatever de
scription seized by and last iu the custody of the so
cailcd Confederate Government.
JOHN H. PILSBURY’,
aHIB Deputy Supervising Special Agent.
Atlantic! Coast Mtiil (Steam
FOR NEW YORK,
.s&f ‘ 3 The First Class Steamship ARIAD
wiII positively sail on FRI
DAY, the lbth inst., at 4 o’clock, p.
For Freight or Passage, having very superior accom
modations, apply to
aul 7 JOHN R. WILDER.
The Side-Wheel Steamer
“Helen,” Capt. Hi ley,
(CARRYING THE U.'S. MAIL,)
Will leav'e Stoddard's "Wharf on
SATURDAY, AUGUST 19th, AT a P. M.
For Freight or Passage aoply to the office of
"■ KEIN & CO.,
autS-2 114 Bay street, opposite the Herald office.
TO LEAVE ON SATURDAY MORNING,
The light draught. steamer LAURA, Capt. Ed. Hiller,
will leave Dillon’s Wharf as above.
ERWIN * HARDEE.
„ JOHN L. ROUMII.LAT,
aulo-2 Agent on Wharf.
FREIGHT FOR AffilM;
And Forwarded Semi-Weekly.
Per STEAMER AMAZON, Capt. R. Johnson. '
Per STEAMER LAURA, Capt. Edivabo Hii.lkb,
Having.* commodious Warehouse on Dillon's Wharf,
we are prepared to receive freight as above.
Due notice will be given of the Hays of departure
of each steamer.
EKWIN & HAKDBE.
JOHN L. KOUMILLAT.
au Agent on Wharf.
THE Packet Schooner E. D. FINNEY, Capt
Ileatheis, will meet with despatch for the above port*
For freight aoply to
* HUNTEIt & CtAMMELL.
OFFICE PROVOST MARSHAL,
Skb-Distbicx of Ookfciikf.,
Savannah, Gn., August IT, 1865.
On and after this date all Drinking or Billiard Sa
loons and Grocery Stores or other places where
liquors are sold, will be closed at 10 o’clock p in.,
anil on Sundays clused at all hours. The
proprietor will be held responsible for the fulltil
mentof this order, any violation of which will be
summarily dealt with.
By command of
Bvt Brig. Gen. E. P. DAVIS.
Capt. aud Provost Marshal.
*HS-7 Sub-District ofOgeechee.
JUST DECEIVED from Baltimore per schooner
J, H. Williams, six casks of Dulfteld’s Sngar
For sale by
Corner Bryan nn£ Jefferson ate.
NEW GOODS. 1
PER STEAMER AMERICA.
ISANGY AND BLACtCCASSIMKRKS
One case Fancy ami Black Calicos
Brown Canton Flannels"
Colored Belt Ribbons
180 do.Ladies' White Cotton Hose, good quality
II ucß Towels and Damask Table Linen
Olio ease yard wide English Prints, Ac.
Fbr sale by
anl*4t DrAVITT A MORGAN.
iIEADq’RS SUB-I)ISTRICTS>F OGEKCHKE,
Savannah, Ga„ August 16, 1865.
No. 24. f
Capt. Clark H. Kcmick. 103 U. 8. O. TANARUS., is hereby
announced at Acting Assistant Inspector General of
Su b-Distriut of Ogt'Khee.
He will be obeyed and respected accordingly.
By command of
Bvt Brig, tteu, E. P. DAVIS,
1 H. Fouc, A. A. A. U. * tail
Every Morning and Evening
Wo. 11l BAT STREET,
S. W. MASON & CO.
THE lIH «r THE PUBLISHEKS
IS TO ISSUE A
Live Daily Newspaper !
Which shall also be Reliable, regarding Accuracy as
being of as great importance as enterprise
in procuring information. The
Hkrald Stuff embraces a
LARUE CORPS OF EDITORS AND REPORTERS,
Including several writers long and popularly known
as connected with the Southers Press,
It also has
Mpeclul Con-cHpomlcntw at -All
Who are instructed to spare no expense in procuring,
authenticating and forwarding all
IT HAS THE BEST
Mail, Express, and Telegraphic
So that all News of Importance will be heraldedjit the
earliest possible moment. Especial
* attention is paid to the
LOCAL AND COMMERCIAL
Shipping Intelligence, Hotel Arrivals, and
the Court Record.
As out of its province at present, the Hibano strives
to be a
Thoroughly Loyal Journal,
And tp support the true interests of the re-nnited na
tion. It wall be constantly the effort of Wie
publishers to render their pajier
ACCEPTABLE TO THE PEOPLE OF SAVANNAn
AND THE STATE OF GEORGIA,
And to discuss all vital questions with the dignity they
deserve, and without which its opinions
conld have but little weight.
OF THE PAPER
Makes room for a large quantity of Miscellaneous
Reading Matter, Poetry and Articles on Liter
ary, Scientiffic and Commercial sub
jects, so that iu all respects it
is a desirable journal
FAMILY AND TIIE COUNTING ROOM.
Experienced Mail and Delivery Clerks
Are employed, and either Edition of the Hebalii will
l>e delivered promptly in Savannah, or for
warded to any part of the world,
on the following
SINGLE COPY sc.
ONE MONTH .... $ 1 00
ONE YKAR 10 on
PER HUNDRED 3 50
Are issued whenever intelligence is received of sufll
, cient importance to warrant it.
ADVERTISING TERMS :
Two Dollars per square, (occupying a space of ten
lines nonpareil) for the first insertion, and $1 per
square for each subsequent one. A LIBERAL DIS
COUNT will be made on LONG ADVERTISEMENTS,
or those INSERTED FOR A LONG TIME. The
IlratAiio is .
UNRIVALLED AS AN ADVERTISING
Having a large circqlation in the city, and throughout
the State, In Florida, South Carolina, the
South Atlantic Squadron and
the North, circulating
more or lees
IN EVERY STATE OF THE UJ7ION.
Subscriptions or Advertisements may be sent bv
mail or express to *
S. W. MASON & CO.,
h’o. U 1 Bay Street, Swqftab, Uv
THE undi Mfeued having been appointed Agcm of
the Southern Mntual Insurance Company, Athens
Georgia, is now ready to resume the bu-iuess of sal I
Can be found at N. A. Hardee A Cos. -a Office n
street. mc0 ’ Ba J
aal2 — 2 _ JOhN N. LEWIS
B* v-ura-m, Aug.- 14, j SSJ
c regret that, from circumstances over which u
had no control, we were compelled to close , i
ness for the past two days. Ztr
lished in 1850, and we never before failed to mec an
demands the year round. a
Wc are now receiving a fresh supply, and can won
safely assure our friends and the public that h
rangements are complete, and that to fntu re “
need be no apprehension of a failure to fill*q ordere
On Market Square, on corner of Bull and Abercorn ,t.
and on South Broad street, arenowopeu for the sale of
ICE, and we respectfully ask a renewal of those fan-!
heretofore so liberally bestowed. ° n
at “ 4 ~ 3 HAYWOOD, GAGE 4 CO
BATCHBMM HAIH DYE t
The Original and Best in the World! The onlv t,,, *
and perfect Hair Dye. Harmless, Reliable and
taneous. Produces immediately a splendid tin l
natnral Brown, without injming “ate n.W
Remedies the ill effects of bad dyes. Sold by all W
ThC Ke ' mino “ 8i = uud A. Batchelor"
REGENERATING EXTRACT OF MILLEFLEURS
For Restoring and Beautifying the Hair
CHAKLES BATCHELOR, Naa Yock.
The Bishops of the Methodist church will , ,
consultation a, Columbus, Georgia, Atigusi ££ i ur
scvcr.,l Annual Conferences will meet at the ™ ’
times and places this fail ami winter-'ii r n>r ' lll| 4
This disastrous war, through whichavo have nn-s
ed has greatly disorganized ns iu our operation?:
hut now that peace is restored, the Church will
organize and enter earnestly on her appropriate
work of spreading Scriptural holiness through the*
—ghtotoerllelil L july2l, ]865. An dkew.
OFFICIAL-DEFT. OF . cm.,„ in
Gknzhal Or.DEB. > ° UStU ’ Au * uat 3 to, 18(15,
No. 7. /
I. The following General Order o, „ „
part,neat is pubhshod for the informaUou of thife^
... AimutantGenkiul-8 Ofhiof
W U ' C -’
No. 122. /
following i t s‘ 1 0rtereS t - i,,n9 hCrei " after “med. the
nies, now absent on detached Bc r v l c?f r om h e ““' P n t'
mauds, and not on duty within their uniwSa
Department*will-pruceed, forthwith,* to ujhtXnAi"
ppeclive rejfimeutjj and companies. u J° ,a Weir ie-
Hereafter uo Ooinmiaaioned RD<rimentAl
of Volunteers will be placed cm dufy,“ or ans
thereon, out ol the Army or DepartmeiH iii
regiment may be serving m whlcU hw
as fo.fows ClHiUUSaUtaor “* UUdcr ,he f° re goiug are
the VoUmteeMcnccw Imistcl * n S °"t and discharging
mUlttr£T ,P * t 0 ° fflc,ire on d “* “to
sious, aud thwe o'u dutffn tlm Bureau^m 7
Freeduien and Abandoned Lands, under ritewf *’'?*’
fr T an War Wepartment, Adjuunt ocmcra.-s office"
11. All enlisted men Absent on i
from their regiments ot companies amtoutside Uu-lf
mice or departments iu winch the same nnw hc s.-r,
mifnde are* abs'ent 'thirefrem C b™ T“‘
rioruathority? rterß tom “ Mllitat *
nrira are ra®™' 8 ° f Delmrtrae,ll « «*l Ar
order and upon its provisions l i*.ii^“;:!a“ u 1,1
SMI? r,i,K)rt the ,ttct to «*• A <Su tan t
of the army or Department In his^emm^ 11 * 8
company may be serving. U> “ “ re khucn; or
By command of the secretary of War
(Signed) k D. TOWNSEND,
~ , Assistant AcUutant General.
der'lNa f“ general Or-
That all Commissioned Officers and ’enllJ? 7‘ ii rud l
this command now absent from thffir relnmire? ° f
ments, companies, or detachments on SaS
vee and not on duty within their prone: di r He, ‘
at once relieved from such duty anile dls trlcts, be
their proper uS“ tin v jom
from tnese Headquarter or s^erfor D "a“n“^ v orUera
Commanding Officers will reimi-th. ~. U - ,’ ,
this order is fully complied with ' 3 tolegraph when
By command of
Major Gen. STEEDiLAN.
Officiate" 1 * S ' B - • aoE ' A - A- U.
W'll, A. Coci.tku, A. A. G. augl(j
Bostmastcrs, Forwarding Merchant. n„.
tiers and Railroad Agents, are not ted’ n , Ca l;
not forward or deliver messages watiM in i* ’“ey vvdl
dlze or mail matter to a nynersoi,”:? 1 nierchta
the Department of Georeil X with n
Oath prescribed in the i'residem.te i, f t]l e
Amnesty, of MttyV IW." Any violatZ' il, ?^‘- OU ° f
der will be punished by a lorirbn,l°“r °f, tl ? 1 i °*
transact business within tnis Dcimom 1 V i“ ri , t -' ht
fending party, and by K£SSnment by °‘
By command ol Maj. Gen. STEED-MAN
augs °’ Bvt. Brig. Gen.
and Provost Marshal (ten, ,*:
OFFICE PKOVOST MARSHAL,
8l IJ-DIBTBICT OK OuEECIIEE,
ThP vuvyvxi« r o Ga.. August 11, 1605.
oftici* i£S??i e of Savannah are hereby notified that an
at . ‘ he U. 6. Custom House on
1863, where Lieut.
(Slgnedj SAM'L CUWDRY,
„ I)Y9 - Capt nndProvost Marshal,
Sub District of Ogeechee.
White Sulphur Springs,
A Popular and Healthful Resort.
f | ‘"HE subscriber is prepared to accommodate Board
the above named Springs, situated w'thin
of Lake City and seven miles from Wel
loS; <>u thu Jacksonville aud Tallahassee
Railroad. Stages connect regulurly with tile trains to
convey passengers to the Springs.
The Sulphur clpringg are noted for the bountiful sup
ply of water and for us medicinal virtues, nuuy casei
use 8 etalldul “ disease having been affected by their
Terms adapted to suit the times.
auo-jUvnfe-’awilw W. A. TURNER.
THE NEW ORLEANS TIMES,
The Leading Journal of the South,
PUBLISHED DAILY AND WEEKLY,
Devoted to Literature and General News—The Discus
sion of State and National Topics—The Wei
fare of the Planting Inuu-est—The
Progress of Southern Commerce,.
and the Regeneration of
Prosperity in the
The Proprietors ot the^Naw "orlbans Daily ran
“y the liberal support
cjivt.ii U> their journal, have maue luuolcamiii' eiucnW
improvement’ with a view to "Eg*l"
FIRST-CLASS SOUTHERN FAMILY AND NEWS
Terms of the Daily, sl6 per aininiu; hall yearly, $3;
the weekly times
tho discussion of topics of vital import
str,r lwi, “ er ? t! 01 the ° ul£ States; contains a
candidly prepared compendium of the news of each
wielt, original aud selected literary and miscellaneous
matter, tales, poetry, etc., correspondence twin all
parts of the couutry and abroad, letters from the peo
ple, u resume of the New Orleans market, etd., etc!
Terms of the Weekly. $5 per annum.
The Weekly will be furnished as follows, when sent
to one address:
* top 1" * • *® I g “Pies $25 no
6 * 14 is); 7 ‘ go i,d
4 “ ..... 18 0,116 “ .... 83 00'
* “. -22 so 19 “ mS?
10 copies S4O.
Clab ,ffTe‘uT’ Py Wl " * ive “ 40 * ay one »P a
Terms invariably in advance.
WH. H. C. KING & CO.,
tifU-tf froprietoM N. 0. Times, Na, n Camp