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Savannah daily herald. (Savannah, Ga.) 1865-1866, September 06, 1865, Image 1

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THE SAVAMAH DAILY HERALD. VOL. I—NO. 198. The Savannah Daily Herald {MORNING AND EVENING j II rCBUMSSD Ml a. w. MASON dfc co at m B.t &TEEEI, Savam***, GsosaiA. tllUi _ Fir* Cent*. BerCopj; --; .as 50. Per Hundred *io o«. Per Tear *.D VEETISI »«: rr-en noliar* per Square of Ten Lines for first ln- Dollar for each subsequent one. Ad «iswmenta inserted in the morning. will, If desired, luuearTr the evening without extra charge. JOB PRINTING, in every style, neatly and prompt!y done. interesting correspondence. We appropriate a considerable portion of our space this morning to the publication of the correspondence wherein, at the request of Col. M. C. Fulton, speaking for himself and many other citizens of Georgia, Hon. E. Starnes presents, in a couple of letters, cer tain views that have occurred to him of some of the questions of the day. in an editorial commending this corres pondence to the attention of bis readers the editor of the Augusta Constitutionalist says: judge Staines’ eminent fitness for a calm ex amination and clear explication of difficult questions, is a household word with maay of those to whose attention this correspondence is commended, and there are few, we fancy, who in bygone days have admired his logical ability aud clearness of expression, but will find those rare gifts existing now in undi minlshed vigor. W ith admirable candor the Judge does not hesitate to say that the course of the authorities is not such as he would deem best for the whole country, but with a good sense, as great as his trankneas, he pro ceeds to lay it down that the views of those authorities, and not of any man or men in the conquered section, are to be the arbiters of our conduct, and the rule to which right and wisdom requires we should conform our action. In referring further to the treatment that should be extended to the blacks, he is equally sagacious in his advice and felicitous in the choice of arguments going to show the propriety of that counsel s being adopted. The negroes, when slaves, it is his Honors argument, m petto, stood by us; now they are free, let us stand by them. This is not only exact and manly yusft're, but as excellent policy as It is sound philanthropy, doing equal honor to its advocate’s head and heart. Correspondence. Snow Hill, 1 Near Thomas, Ga., .J- Aug. 22d, 1866 ) Hon. E- Stearns,, Augusta • Dear Sir—Believing, in common with mauy other of your fellow-citizens, that our present political position is such as requires for its proper comprehension by the people at large, all the intormalion that can be thrown on the different questions of the day —questions so important to us and our pos terity—and believing, futhermore, from your experience and acknowledged ability, that such views as may have occurred to you, touching the public interest, would be of great service to the country, in the present juncture, I venture to address yon, with the nope that the deep solicitude which, lam sure, you must teel for the welfare of our State, may induce you, in compliance with this request, to present those views to the public through the medium of the press. Trusting that your convenience may per mit as early a response as may be, I have the honor to be, sir, With sentiments of highest regard. Your obedient fellow-citizen, M. C. Fclton. Augusta, Aug. 25th, 1865. Col. M. C. Fulton, Snow Hill, Ga.: My Dear Sir— Your letter of the 22d mat., was duly received. You are right in assum raing that I feel a deep solicitude lor the wel fare of our State, and in supposing that this might induce me to comply with the request contained in that letter. Ido not consent to this because 1 agree with you that ray views may be of great ser vice to the country. Os some service they may possibly be, for I occupy advantage ground ot access lo information which is not possessed by all; and as my interest and those of many friends are so deeply involved in that which you have called “our present political positions,” I am willing to contrib ute what in my power lies to have this posi tion understood by our people, as I think it must be understood, before we can be reliev ed from ourpresent condition of distress. I wish to declare, however, that in yielding to your kind and flattering solicitation, lam n )W assuming to be a political guide, or as piring to notoriety. Seldom or never in my life have I sought political notoriety or office. As you know, perhaps, for many years, I have declined public office of all kinds. I am uot, aud never expect to be, a candidate again for place of any sort, unless it be for a seat in a better world. But if I can aid my friends, or any portion of the people in our State, In the present crisis, by writing out, and allowing to be published, such opinions aud advice as you invoke, I will cheerfully do so, though thereby I incur the suspicion of seeking notoriety. ... ~ Without further preface, I address myself to the subject, to which you have called my attention. . Something more than four years ago, the great mass of our Southern people engaged in the movement of Secession, and endeav ored to establish a government fiom that of the United States. Whatever may now be said of the right or wrong, the wisdom or tbe *oily of this movement, it is certain to v*u or me iir, that the people of our State ucied under the influence of a firm convic tion that they were in the discharge ot duty and in the support of a righteous cause, fin man annals in ill their pages afford nc strong er evidence of honesty and sincerity, than was exhibited by all classes of our citizens during the first years of this great struggle. In progress of time, it is true, that these signs were somewhat lessened, but enough remained to impress upon that struggle the features of a mighty social convulsion, Illus trated in all its stages by deeds of selt-sscri fice and heroism, such as have not been sur passed in all the records of our race. But whether right or wrong, whether wise or foolish, whether heroic or dastardly, we did engage for four year* in a war with tbe United States, and by so doing subjected our selves, in the event of failure, to ail the con tingencies, to which, according to tbe usages ol civilization and the laws of nations an uu successtul belligerent may be subjected by the conquermg power. It was tbe will of God that we should fail in tbe contest; should incur these consequences, and be subjected to those terms which the conqueror had ac quired the right to dictate. Lookiug at these from our poiut of view, they may be thought and they certainly are thought by me, most injudicious and injurious to tbe interests of the whole country, to the conqueror as to the conquered. These terms could have been modified, as I think, with no sacrifice D f the principles which animated the Northern peo ple in the contest, and with no risk to the Government, so as to have ltaaened the shock to the material Interests ol the coun try, and to have secured the prosperity or both sections. This is only speculation, however. What U eertaln. is, that those who control the destinies oi the] country j thought otherwise, and established a differ ent policy; and lam only concerned now to show that nothing is left for us in point of Interest or duty, but a frank acceptance of this policy, or an immediate departure from the country. When our armies surrendered, and we were overthrown in the war which we were waging, and submitted as we did, without { conditions, except such as were granted for the retirement of our armies from the field, when we incurred the liability to receive ; from our conquerors such terms as they might dictate, subject only to the limitations which I have designated ; according to the lawa ot nations, as I read them, the govern- • ment of the United States, when it had ob tained military possession of the belligerent States, would have found sanction, if it bad declared Its policy to be a greater change by legislation of our laws, a determination to place us in the position of dependent terri tories, and otherwise to visit upon us incon venient and ruinous disfranchisement. This course has not been chosen. The govern ment has only declared that the war, that is to say, our defeat in the war, has “deprived the people of the State of Georgia of all civU government”—not of all lawa and ol all mu nicipal organization, as many seem to think, but of “ all civil government.” This expres sion. quoted from the President’s proclama tion, is by the course of the government and its officers shown to mean in effect, that by our defeat in war, the government of the United States, according to the laws of na tions, has acquired the right to refuse to us a continuance of such political organization in the State as has shown itself hostile to the conqueror, and has aided the war, and so much of our constitution and laws as con travenes the fundamental policy of the con queror. To this we cannot demur if we try the question by the laws of nations. The course pursued by the government, and the declaration of its officers have shown and are showing, that it is not proposed to interfere with such of our laws as do not contravene the policy of the conqueror nor with our purely municipal organizations.— But that a new political organization is re aulred, and such alterations in our constitu on and laws as will, according to the At torney General of the United States, bring the State into “ perfect accord with the wise and thoroughly tried principles of our gov ernment.” The obvious meaning of all this is plainly, as follows: 1. We must submit to the abo lition of slavery, thoroughly and in good faith. 2. We must repeal all our laws which have reference to the system of slavery, and regulate the relations of the slaves, which have been freed, to our society ; not by giving to them equaUty of citizenship, but by se curing to them fixed, recognized, just, and equitable rights as members of the body poli tic. 3. We must give up all claim to such State sovereignty as asserts the right of sep arate State action or secession. 4. That none but such persons as do not fall within the classes excepted by the President’s pro clamation of May 29th, and have taken the oath of amnesty prescribed by that procla mation, or falling within these exceptions have received special pardon, shall be al lowed for the present to take part in the new State Government.' This is what is neces sary to be done, according to the policy of the conqueror, in order that we may be re stored to “accord,” as ihe Government holds, with its principles. It would be useless, nay, worse than use less, to quarrel with these terms. They are the results of our unsuccessful war, as I have shown, and we must in good faith accept them, or seek another country. Tae Govern ment plainly believes them, to be generous and magnanimous. And if we could, or would view the matter for a moment from the stand-point of our late adversaries, we must realize how strongly and earnestly this conviction is entertained by them. When, after overthrowing us in what they bold to have been an unjustifiable and gigantic re bellion, they allow us to come back into the relations of political brotherhood with them, occupying the same platform of social and political rights, and accepting and living un der the same interpretations of the constitu tion, having left to us the inestimable privi lege of the common law, so dear to Anglo- Saxon hearts, and so much of our own legis lation as does not contravene the fundamen tal policy which has been indicated, as well as the exercise of our suffrage according to our ancient law; when they permit us, so soon as a constitution can be adopted in ac cordance with the policy specified, freely to regulate for ourselves our social relations and Interests, and to be represented in the coun cils of the Federal Government, it is not sur prising that they should feel this to be a great stretch of generosity and magnanimity.— Seeing how much worse the matter might have been made for us, how much worse, my dear sir, it may yet be made for us, by the radical majority which controls both bouses of Congress, unless we have the sa gacity to appreciate the present policy of the president, and promptly to accept and se cure its terms by instant and energetic ac tion, let us admit the force of these views as they plainly impress themselves upon the minds of that mighty people who have sub dued us. But whether we admit this or not, there is no escape from the policy indicated, save expatriation. To that policy we must con form, if we would once more make and ad minister our own laws, regulate our social relations, and create for ourselves safeguards tor our life and property. What Fates Impose, that man must needs abide, It boots uot to resist both wind and tide,” There Is no disgrace in this, there need not be humiliation, it' we only assure ourselves that we are in the line of duty. We can at least be satisfied, that in pursuing this course, we are taking aU the chances that remain to us ol returning prosperity, and of doing all that can now be done in making the most of our situation for the present good of our selves, and the future prosperity of our chil dren. Those of us, my dear sir, who are mote or less answerable by reason of our influence, our acts, or our votes for the present condi tion of things, owe it as a solemn duty to the present, and to future generations, that we Should uot shirk the responsibilities wbich are cast upon us, b»t With brave aud hopeful hearts should do the best we can to m»ke the most of good out of that condition. I find with sorrow, there are some persons in our State, So stunned by the blow which our social system has received, that their energies are paralyzed, and in view of what seems to them the irretrievable pun impend ing, with a sort of sullen despair they resolye with folded arm* so await a fate which they thinjt they cannot avert. These persons argue, that the immediate abolition of slavery alone has deprived the South of more than a thousand millions of dollars of its wealth, that hundreds of millions more wijl be lost by causes directly Incident to such abolition, that out of the three millions and upwards of slaves who have been freed, in less than a year more than a million will be paupers, or thieves and robbers, that food will become •carce, taxation oppressive, famine and dis ease will walk abroad, and society (white and black) become hopelessly impoverished, disjointed and demoralized. This is an awful picture, and I cannot deny but that the lU ture may confirm its likeness, unless wisdom presides in our councils and influences the minds of those who control oar destiny; or unless other coloring and counteracting ele ment* shall be Introduced to affect its dismal features. J think that those who present this discouraging picture have not taken Into the quite appreciated some ele- col SAVANNAH, GEORGIA, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1865. oring. The despairing persons to whom I refer, are mostly of this class of land holders among us—the last class who should des pond, as will be seen, if there be any force in the suggestions which 1 am about to pre sent. The circumstances of hope and encourage ment to which I have reference, are to be found w Georgia, partly in the immensity of her material resources. These ate frequently dwelt upon, and I will say no more about them now, except to suggest generally, that if our energy and capital have so far failed as to render any further development of these resources impossible, it is utterly im probable that Northern capital and industry will allow tbis extensive field of enterprise to He tallow. If the instincts of commerce did not prompt to a different result, the in terests of the nation would force it. And more or less of prosperity will thus again re turn to those who possess the real estate of the country. But I hare somewhat more special to say on this subject. Indulge me, my dear sir, for one moment, by imagining that a discovery had been made, that rich and profiable reins of dia monds, or beds of coal, or streams of petro leum were deeply underlying the soil in every part ot our State. What would be the result ? Do 1 hazard anything in declaring that in such event, despite all the evils which hare been mentioned, as afflicting, or men acing us, if we did not take the matter in hand for ourselves, the whole face of the country would be speedily seamed by North ern capital and enterprise, and scared by Yankee “diggings;" that trade would soon thrive, commerce would flourish in our midst, and the rapid “rise of lots” become fireside conversation. My dear sir, beneath the surface—and Just beneath it —ot every acre of good arable land in the State of Georgia, there lies a treasure, the like of which has exercised au influence greater and more powerful in meas uring and controlling the values of com merce, than all the precious stones of earth, the beds of coal, or the streams of bitumin ous oil—that treasure, as you have no doubt already anticipated, is the cotton producing capacity. It is true that during the past four years the diadem of “King Cotton” has been somewhat battered, bis royal robes have been soiled, and he begrimed by the j dust and the smoke of war. But his seep- ! tre has not been broken, though terribly it has I been bent. The event of recent years have shorn him of some of that divinity which formerly badged him about, but they have not dethroned him. The exigencies ol man kind, however, what Carlyle calls the “Cothcs Philosophy," prevails—and that now, to some extent, as Captain Barton and Speke have discovered, have penetrated to the hottest regions of Central Africa—must bring back, if not an absolute, at least a lim ited region of the loyal staple. These agen cies will now stimulate the energies and the enterprise of our people, and they will in sist—the shrewd calculating, energetic peo ple of the North, so much of whose capital 1 is already invested in cotton mills, will in- | sist, if we do not—that that soil aud cli- j mate which the experiencies of the last four j years has shown to be the only soil and cli mate that can produce this staple in Us per fection, and supply the wants of the world, shall be put in requisition. If voluntary I negro labor will not meet this demand—as j we believe it will not—depend upon it sir, that some sort of labor, from some other source (Coolie, or otherwise) will assuredly be employed to pro produce that supply. The rich mine lies here, my dear sir, beneath our lands; it must and will be worked ; and with that work, trade wUI revisit her ancient channels, commerce her accustomed marts, and pros perity return to the land-holders of our State. To maintain the prosperity, law and order must and will accompany it, demoralization will be checked, and civilization resume her empire. A little time must elapse before these results shall all ensue. We must first arouse ourselves from the torpor of dis couragement, and learn to accommodate ourseives and our polity to the new order of things. Then, to my mind, as surely as effect must follow cause, will these, which I have called counteracting elements to the evils of which we complain, ensue ; and for tunate man he his dole, who in our State, seeking and acting with the eye of a strong conviction upon this faith, shall do his pres ent duty, govern himself and his property accordingly. Let us all hasten, then, so far as we are permitted, in good faith, to take the neces sary oaths or make the proper applications for special pardon, that we may aid in the reorganization of our State and a restoration to the normal condition of civiUzed society. Let us take care to have “the right man in the right place” (or the word which is before us, overlooking the aspirations of interested politicians, who are seeking their own self ish ends, and calling to our service wise, ex perienced and patriotic gentlemen, wherever this can be done. Let us permit no noisy and indecent scramble for office, no heated canvassing, and endeavor to unite upon those whom we may desire to serve us, with out partisan clamor, and in all good feeling and harmony. It would be better too, per hars, that our selections of candidates, both for the Convention and the Legislature, should be made as early as possible, in order that time may be allowed to the nominees for reflection and preparation. In the meantime, in order to lighten the pressure as much as possible, let all the ju diciary officers of courts, who have taken the oath of amnesty resume their functions, try ing all cases between free white citizens, aud referring all cases where freedmen may pre sent themselves or be presented as parties or witnesses, and which cannot be disposed of by consent, to the nearest provost marshal, or continuing the same until our Legislature meets. TW S COUrBO will have the approba tion of tin* military authorities commanding in our State. I have something more to say In reply to your letter, but owing to the length of this, must postpone it until another opportunity. Very respectfully, &c., E. Starnes. Augusta, Aug. C 6, 1865. Ooi.. M. C., Snow Hill, Ga.: >fy Dear Sir—Near the close of my last letter to you J suggested that our uonainees should be preparing themselves for the im- Eortant work which is before them. I have nw to suggest that a part of this preparation should be the study how to do justice to the negroes who have been freed by the military power ot the United States, and whose Freedom it is requred that we shall recognise, how we can best perform our duties in the new relations which they bear to us : and how regulate these relations for the good of both races. It is true, that we are not responsible for she condition in which thev have been so suddenly placed, gut ottr interests and fu ture welfare are deeply involved in that con dition, and our duty should prompt us to study their interests. Our people, I know, are inclined as a general rule to feel kindly to their former slaves. But something has been done in this and some of the neighbor boring sections of our State, by over zealous and imprudent men, to alienate the feel ings of some of these freedmen. These mis taken men, thongh without learning, genius, legal experience, or proficiency in states manship, have ventured recklessly to deal with one of the most difficult problems of political science, have undertaken to make tacts and theories bend to their one absorb ing idea, and by the errors which have natu rally ensued, have created some dissatisfac tion and improper feeling between the race*. This will Soon be corrected, I believe, to a great extent by intelligent and conscientious supervisors, here and at Washington. Them is every reason why there should tie no feelings of exasperation between the freedmen and their late owners, and why those ol a friendly interest only should exist between them. These people as slaves were happy and contented, as the general thing, and their relations to their owners were very pleasant. Tbis was shown, beyond contra diction, by the rapid increase of the race, by the remarkable longevity which prevailed among them, by the comparatively few crimes, and especially brutal crimes commit ted by blacks, by the absence of idiocy and lunacy among tbem to so great an ex tent, and by the a most entire absence of suicide. Long ago I pointed all this out to the world by facts and figures, in wbicb there could be no falsehood, and which could not be misinterpreted, and which, indeed, were uncontroverted even where the publication was criticized by Abolitionists. But the past lour years have in a wonderful way attoided another illustration, in the evidence which it has supplied ot loyalty on the part of our slaves during the terrible war which has just ended. There is no chapter in the history of the whole human race more admirable, more worthy of profound study, than that which is presented by the good conduct and the faithful fealty of this people generally—when the temptations and trials to which they wi re exposed are considered—during this great and dreadful convulsion of our society. Though remarkable for their emotional and excitable natures, their fondness for novelty and change, with but a comparatively few exceptional cases, they were true to their owners and their owners’ families. Though sometimes tempted into desertion; they were seldom or never cruel, brutal or treacherous in their conduct. For the most part, either toiling at home to support the absent soldier or laboring tor him in the trenches, or en countering with him the weary march, the dangers ot the bartle field, or the snfferiugs ol the hospital, they were faithful to their masters, and the cause of those masters. In thousands of cases, the slaves of a soldier absent in the field were the only protectors of the helpless wife and children in their sol itary home I find a distinguished and in telligent English gentleman, who visited us during the war and afterwards published an account of that visit in Blackwood's Maga zine, though much prejudiced against sla very, yet declaring with feelings of surprise and admiration. “Undoubtedly it is true, that notwithstanding the strenuous efforts of Abolitionists, the negroes bear the yoke cheerfully, and heartily join their fortunes to those of their masters in the great struggle in which they are now engaged. Many plantations may now be seen', without a white man upon them, except the overseers, and instances occur daily of the fidelity with which servants who have accompanied their roasters to the war, serve them in the camp and field.” This remarkably loyaity greatly surprises and interests the student of human nature. It should touch our hearts, command our gratitude, and secure our friendship tor there poor creatures, who were faithful to us, until lorced, as it were, by those who had over come both master and slave, to accept the gift of freedom. When in the latter years of the war, it was proposed by some, to'imitate the U. 8. Gov ernment, aDd put negro troops into the field, if our people bad decided to throw them selves upon this desperate policy, and to take the responsibilities of that shock to our so cial structure, and our labor system which it would have occasioned, I doubt not, but that thereby we could have added several hun dred thousand faithful soldiers to our army. By virtue of our iormer influence with them, by judicious treatment of them, by wise and just lesislatiye regulation ot their relations to our society, I am sure, sir, that we can still maintain that hold upon the affections and prejudices of tbis people, which long habit has settled, so as to maintain a wholesome influence over them, for their and our pres ent and future good And this, although we decline, as we must do, to share our citizen ship with them. Indeed, if the unwise radi cals at the North could have their way, and give the suffrage to people so utterly unfitted for it, I doubt not, sir, that if we continue the just and judicious treatment of them, of which I have spoken, but that we could easi ly, if we chose, control and direct that suf frage. It is true, that since their freedom has been, as it were, enforced by the presence of the United States troops, many of these people declining arrangement's with their former owners, have seemed to evince un friendly feelings, and a want of gratitude for past favors. This has sometimes arisen from the judicious conduct of the masters, at others, from improper extraneous influence. But looking to the many temptations to which they have been exposed, to the feet that they were ignorant, inexperienced, and but as grown-up children, accustomed hith erto to lean upon a stronger arm, to have the guidance of a superior will, when these supports were suddenly withdrawn, in the midst of such social distractiou and distress as ensued upon the surrender of our armies, when the minds of the bravest and wisest among us were more or less shaken in their balance, would ft not have been extraordi nary, if the minds of this people had not been, to a greater or less extent, unsettled? We should be very charitable to the errors of these men, so unprepared by previous ex perience or discipline, so suddenly released from a state of pupilage; and in considera tion of the past, we should resolve by pru dent and just treatment to preserve tbelr re spect and retain their friendship. As I have pointed out, by indicating results, we were not altogether unmindful of our duties when the patriarchal relation of master and slave existed between us. An over-ruling Provi dence has been pleased to change this rela tion. Let us still endeavor to do our duty tn the new position. And as they were true to us, in the day of our sore trial, let us be true to them now. Whilst we firmly decline to shore with them all the rights of citizen ship, and to admit them to equality in our social policy, let us frankly concede to them the position of freedmen— l, Ur Uni dedit'.i, so familiar to the civil law. Let us try tq make them useful members of society, m this the position, at present best suited to their ca pacities And condition, aud let us legislate justly and judiciously to regulate this rela tion. Thus, and thus only, may the new relations between us be made productive of good to the people of both races, and result in the prosperity of the country. Very respectfully, yours, #c., E. Starnes. 3 ’he statue of Senator Benton, which was ered six years ago by the citizens of St. Louis, of Miss Harriet Hosmer, arrived in that city on the 2d inst. It is bronre, ten feet high, and was cast at the royal foundry in Munich. Its weight is over 5,000 pounds. A letter came with it from the sculptor Gib son. who examined It In Europe, and pro nounced it a splendid work. The harvest having been concluded in Canada, tbe Toronto Globe says that all ac counts concur in giving the most favorable view of the products of tbe season. Instances are given of 30 to 3G 1-2 bushels of wheat per acre. Oats are an average crop. Barley and peas were never better. Tbe flax culture of the season has been highly successful. The season has been excellent tor bees, and a arge yield of honey Is assured. —Jeff. Da via on Friday last, according to the telegram to a morning paper, announced himself to a visitor as being In good health, excepting a carbuncle on tbe leg and a slight touch of erysipelas. Be said, also, that he bad never seen or heard eff Wire be fore his arrest. PROFESSIONAL CARDS. O. H. BROWNING.) ITHOS. EWINQ, Jr., or Illinois. j \ or Kansas BROWNING AND EWING, Attorneys AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW. outer No. 13 North A Street, Capitol Hill, WASHINGTON, D. C. Practice In the Supreme Court, the Court of Claims, and in tb* Departments. ts WINTON & BANKSTON, BUILDERS AS!) CONTRACTORS. X\T ILL also frive strict attontton to Superintending » r Buildings, and to all work entrusted to their charge. Alt kinds lobbing work done at tbeahorteat notice. Shop on Broughton street lane, between Whitaker and Barnard streets au2s-lm M. P~ MULLER, CIVIL ENGINEER AND ARCHITECT. Agent for the Sale of Lands. WUI give strict atUn tlon to Surveying, furnishing Plana for and Snperln tendingßuildings, all kindsMachlnery, Ac Office, Sorrel's building, next to Gas Office. »u4l lm L C. FEATHER, M.D., Office, 18 1-2 Merchants’ Eow, HILTON HEAD, S. C. JoS9 2m C. S. BUNDY, General Agent AND ATTORNEY FOR CLAIMS, No. 847 F Strict, Bctwicm 13th cnr 14tb Struts, (Near Pay Department, j WasMlzigtoxi, D. O. Jnati t s COTTON, 4fcC. COTTON GINS. THE KMKRY PATENT GIN, im< FOR Compactness, Economy of Time, Space and Labor, Far Surpasses any other Ola ever before offered to the Pabllc. THE undersigned nre prepared to famish them st regular rates, being the sole Agents for Horace L. Emery, Patentee end Manufacturer Messrs. AAIES, PEABODY A CG., No. 182 Congress street, have the above Gin on exhibition. Samples can also be seenst tbe warehouse of CHAS. L. COLBY A CO., *n2s-tf comer Bay and Abercom streets. TO COTTON SHIPPERS. Alexander ZXardeo, COTTON SHIPPER, IS PREPARED to take Cotton on Storage, st the loweßt rates, and —BAS OPENED, ON THE CORNER OF JEFFERSON A BAY STS. For the purpose of WEIGHING, REPAIRING, REPACKING, SAMPLING, CLASSING, *r.o— Shipping Cotton for the Fublic —AT THX LOWEST HATSB, 9hrnishing Ink, &c. auT in Proposals for Wood, CniEK QUARTERMASTER’S OFFICE, District Os Savannah. Savannah, Gu. SEALED PROPOSALS will be received at this office until the lit day of September, 1865 next, at 13 o’clock m , for the delivery of 260 cord* dry, merchant able Oak and 250 cords merchantable Pine Wood, to be delivered on the Government Wharf In Savannah. Ga, or at sneb place as may be hereafter designated by proper authority, at snch times and In snch quan tities as may be hereafter directed by the undersigned, said wood to be subject to Inspection by an officer of the Quartermaster's Department authorised to lnapect the same. Payment will be made for not less than 60 cords and In such funds as may be famished the Quartermaster. Proposals to be endorsed—" Proposals for Wood." SIDNEY S. STARR. au2l-tf Chief Qaartermastar District of Savannah SALE OF GOIIRN’T PROPERTY llorsoH, Mules, Wagons, A tt 9 H AKNSII. CHIEF QUARTERMASTER'S OFFICE, ) lor Division DEraaTKrxT or Gooxai*, > Savannah, Os , AugnU43,1865.) Will be told at Public Auction, to the hlgheet bid der, st the Government Stable* and Corral, on Rey nold's street, on MONDAY, the Uth of Septem her next, the following condemned Stock: 800 Mule*, *7O Xloraea. —Also,— A LOT OF WAGONS. HARNESS, do. Sale to continue from day to day nutll all are aold. This Is s good opportunity to procure many valuable animals. Terms, Cash In Government fund*. Capt. S. S STARR, Chief Quartermaster District of Savannah. JOHN 8. BERGEN, Ist Lieut. 173d N. Y. Vote., and A. A. Q. M. *ng23 INK. or GROSS INK. In stands, at $8 30 per gross. 16 £0 Ilooen Arnold's Writing Fluid, pints, at $7 per daxen. for sale by SAVILLE A LEACH. aulS ts cor. Bryan street and Market Square. thoh. w. brookn MANUFACTURER OF FURNITURE AND GENERAL URHOLBTERY, 444 Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pa. N. B.— All ORDERS sent by Mali promptly at tended to. i Jysi-tt QUEENSWARE HOUSE, 109 Broughton Street, • xcoxd uooi non oomit ncu. strut. A large and elegant Stock ot China, Queeniware, Class, Ac, Just received fiom the maunfacturera, and for aaie at LOWEST NEW YOKE PRICKS. JOBBERS AND DEALERS From all parte of the Country are Invited to examine my wholesale stock, Which Includes packages containing compute aeeort menta, pot np expreaaly for COUNTRY TRADE. SSSTCii 1 * T “* ' r ***** «KAJtn* «ra> COMMON Poods re-pecked to suit pmrhasew. sai-ia *. o. surra. FINANCIAL. QUOTATIONS For Southern Bank Notes. BAIf K IKQ HOUSE OT MANNING A DE FOREST, 19 WILL STREET, NEW TORE. VIRGINIA. Bank of Berkeley “ Commerce, Fredericksburg 30 “ Charleston, Charleston 10 “ the Commonwealth “ Howardsvtlle is “ Old Dominion 25 “ Philippi “ Rockbridge so “ Rockingham «o - Scottsvllie .. 12 “ the Valley “ Virginia 25 Central Bank of Virginia.. 77 1* Corporation of Alexandria 7'7 7 60 Danville Bank. Danville 40 Exchange Bank of Va., Norfolk " «o Farmers' Bank of Fincaatle . .14 " “ Richmond .. on Merchants' Bank, Lynchburg ..7.7.7..". 40 Montioallo Bank .7 . Northwestern Bank at Jeffersonville....... 20 Southwestern Bank, Wythesvllle is Traders' Bank, Richmond 20 NORTH CAROLINA. Bank of Cape Feir. w •* Clarendon. 77777777777775 “ Commerce to “ Fayetteville 7777. !ls •• Lexington 25 “ North Carotin* ' jo “ Wadcebo rough 20 •• Washington;.. 14 “ Wilmington 20 “ YancevUle. Commercial Bank, Wilmington to Fanners' talk ol North Car01ina..7.'.7777.7.46 Merchants* Bank, Newbera j s Bank of Roxboro' ' 26 Miners and Planters' Bank .7.7"i 25 Bank of Thomasrllle SOUTH CAROLINA Bank of Camden , 0 “ Charleston 7.7 1 77 lu '* Chester .. 20 •• Georgetown ...77 7 Its “ Hamburg ,•> “ Newbury. .7 "1 22 “ South Carolina .* .77 40 “ State of South Carolina 1. Commercial Bank. Columbia... .7. j.. 77m Exchange “ »* on Farmers’and Exchange ?Y Merchants', Cheraw 7i i! 77" People's Bank TV. Planters' and Mechanic' 8ank'.'.‘.77.77. South W.H. R. J? State Bank "* £ Union Bank .7.7777. 45 GEORGIA. B^to?aS£u” M<l Baakh ‘* Company 13 “ a5u5....7.7.7..;:": 00 “ Col tunbus f, “ Fulton * f® “ Middle Georgia. » j JV *• Savannah SV Bank of State of Geoigia .7.7.'. ti Central Railroad B*nkTne Comoanv CKy Bankof August*. . * y “ Farmers' and Mechanics 5? Georgia Railroad and Banking Coin Dan v to Marine Bank...: * Mechanics' Bank 7. Merchant* end Planters' Bank. ,V TimberCntters' Bank onlon “ ’••":7i0 ALABAMA. Bankof Mobile.. ~ Sffirr i7 777777" :;:; " :;: " ::;;; S Commercial Bank “S? Central •• -.A...'.". o| Northers “ IV Southern “ es TENNESSEE. Bank of Chattanooga “ Middle Tennessee ...77! co City Bonk of Nashville if Merchants’ “ f: oeoee « i? Planters’ •• 7'"'“2 Southern “ IV Traders' •> ?? union - 77777777772 LOUISIANA. Bank of America “ Louisiana v oi Canal Bank. Jf Cltlions' Bank ' If Crescent City Louisiana State Bank 77777 60 Mechanics' and Tn*m> r*t,lt £! Merchants' •• ... IV Southern .. .77 7! 7." "dm New Orleans City Scrip t./777.7.777 7so STATE BONDS AND COUPONS. Virginia Bonds. _ N.Carolina •• _ 8 Carolina “ _ Georgia •• ) _ Tennessee *• _ MrmphlaClty “ 7777 7770 tZSStf, k-7777:7:777"77777S The above Bonds are bought with Coupon* Included from 1661 lncinded. North Carolina Coupons an Mctnphle City '■ If Tenneesee •• 38<ffi40 Gforrfs “ 7Saw These Quotations are liable to fluctuate, and cannot be relied on for any length of time. an2s ROSENFELD & Cos., Bankers, No. 8 Broad Street, Niw York. We draw st sigh:, and at sixty days, on London, Park, Franxfort, and all other principal cities of Europe. Parties opening current accounts, may deposit and draw at their convenience, the same as with the City Banks, and will be allowed interest on all balances over Oni Thousand Dollars, at the rate of four per cent, per annum. Orders for the purchase or sale of various issues of Government and other Stocks, Bonds, and Gold executed on Commission- Maiming & DeForest, BANKERS AND BROKERS, No. W Wall Street, New York, Dealers In • Gold, Silver, Foreign Exchange and Government Securities. f v IVK special attention to the purchase and sale o vJ Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Geor gia, Alabama, New Orleans and Tennessee Bank notes, Southern States Bonds and Coupons Railroad Bonds and Coupons. Interest allowed on deposits. jyl6-3m CI D eTr brandy. ft nnn from one to five years old.— tIeVUV Sampke qf each sent ty Kxpreaa with list of price*. Afln>, in cases of one and two dcaes each. *. 8. CONNOVI DtetfUer. sale-la Freehold, N. J. PRICE, 5 CENTS MMIRAICT. INSURANCE. Authorized tapiUi-«$10,400,000. /CHARLES L. COLBY dfc CO. are prepared to tikt to any doraeaUr or foreign port, and Fire Bisks m thia city is the folio-lag named Crat claaa New York Companies AT THE LOWEST RATES. COLUMBIAN MARINE INSURANCE COMPANY $5,000,000 MORRIS FIRE AND INLAND INSUR ANCE COMPANY 5,000,000 OMMBRCE FIRE INSURANCE COMPY.. 900,000 STAS DARD FIRE INSURANCE COMFY.. 200,000 Office in Jones' Block, cor. Bay and Abercom sta. Branch Office, corner Drayton and Bryan atreeta. aulS ts FIRE, MARINE, AND— LIFE -ASSURANCE. Oh sill A ssotH,#lo^oo,ooo J. T. THOMAS & CO., Agents 117 KA.Y STREET. rSURE against every claaa of loea. By Fire: during Inland Transportation, and by sea to all Domcattc and Foreign Porta. Loaaea payable in Currency, Gold, or Sterling—at home or abroad. au3o THE Underwriters’ Agency Os New York, CASH ASSETS, Three Million Dollars, ISSUE POLICIES OF Fire & Marine Insurance Made payable in GOLD or CURRENCY* Negotiable and Bankable CERTIFICATES OF INSURANCE AIR IMVID ST THU AOoeiATIOH. , 1 1 ' J. T. THOMAS* CO.. anll-eodlm 111 Bay etrreet. IS YOUR LIFE INSURED ? THIS la an Important qoaation for every man and important also for every wile and mother, ae It affect* their future welfare. BSS TO IT AT ONCE. DO NOT DELAY. The “Knickerbocker Life Insurance" of New York will ininre yon at the usual rates In any sum from sloo SIO,OOO. They also Issue the favorite TKM YEAR NON-FORFKITUHE Policies, and will after two yean payment give a fall paid np Policy for Two Tenths the whole earn, end Three Year* Three Tenths, and on. Thus a Policy of SIO,OOO. Two PramiaaiA pal upon It will he entitled to a psMup Policy of $9,000. and five year* five-tenths for every addllMnal year For further Information apply to A. WILBUR, Agent, At the office of the Home Insurance Cos., Jn2T SO Bay et„ Savannah, da THE NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE INBLBANCE COMPANY, o F BOSTON. PURELY MUTUAL. HPIIIS Is one of the oldest and best Companies In JL. America. „ Policies on Lives for any amount op to $16,000 ore token by them. The Policies of these Companies were not cancelled daring the war until heard ftoa-i feet which shews their dealing snd determination to bejast and honor able in all cases. Apply to _Mi A. WILBUR, Agent. DURYEAS' MAIZEKA TRYI ONE POUND. was :tme only “preparation for fooo FROM HIDIAR CORN” That received a medal and honorable mention from the lfeyal Commissioners, the competion of all prom inent manufacturer* of "Corn Starch"and "Prepared Cora Flour’’ of this and other countries notwithstand ing. MAZZIXA, The food end luxury of the age, without a single feult. One trial will convince the moet skeptical.— Makes Puddings, Cakes, Costards, Blanc Mange, Ac., without Isinglass, with few or no eggs, tt a oast as tonishing tbs most economical. A slight addition to ordinary Wheat Flour greatly improves Bread and Coke It is olio excellent for thtckeoinggwewl aonces. gravies for flff) and meats, soups, Ac. For Ice Cream nothing can compare with It. A little boiled hr milk will produce rich'areom for ooffee, chocolate, too. Ac. Put up In one pound packages, under the trade mark Malzena. with directions for use. A most delicious article at food for children and in valids of all ages. For sale by Grocer* and Druggists everywhere. Wholesale Depot, I6« Fulton Street. WILLIAM DURYEA au46-3m General Agent. "VDO&fBO WOLrB,” ** Bearer Street, New York. Often for sale of bis own importations, In bond tad duty paid, the largest stock of Wines, JJquon, Ac., of any other house in this country, comprising In part of Otard, Hennesy, Pinet CaatUlon, Martel, Godard Brandy, Rochelle Brandies in half, quarter.and eighth casks: also Otard and Rouyer, Lsferrelere and Fils Brandy, In cases of one dozen each. Cdolpho Wolfe's Schiedam In pipes. Schiedam Aromatic Schnapps, in bond and duty paid. In cases of one dozen quart* and two dosen pints “Whiskey and Bum.” Scotch and Irish Whiskey, In hhds. and cases of one dozen each. Bourbon Whiskey Inbertela and cases of one domen each. hum. •‘Jamaica" and "St. Croiz Hum" In hhds. and cases of one dozen each. Madeira, Sherry and Port Wines. More than twenty different grade. In halves, qnar. ter* and eighth casks, also In cases of one dozsn each. “Hocla, Champagne, Moselle and Claret Wines.” From Peter Arnold Mumm in Cologne, proprietor of Joanslebnrgestate; J. H. D. Becker A Fils; Bnhe. nancer, Benecke A C*., Bordeaux- Barton A Ooeslln. Bordeaux, and from otber well known houses in Ger many and France. Oils, Cosouls, Saei'iinrs, Brrma, Mcstaxd, Olive*, Bbakdt, Parazavza, Ac- Twenty five years’ business transactions with the Southern States, with some of the largest and mrti respectable dealers.shuuld be sufficient ga*. xgee that every article offered by the advertiser tor sale la pur* and genuine. Sample* can he seen, and cetatogn* of prices ob talced, by addressing the above. . ng e-«^ TRY ONE POUND.