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Savannah daily herald. (Savannah, Ga.) 1865-1866, October 12, 1865, Image 2

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The Savannah Daily Herald, j BY S. W. M ASON&CO. stMIKL W. MASON KUUor. J \V. T. THOMPSON. AiiMltlt Kditoi. ] SAVANNAH. THURSDAY, OCTOBER 12. IMS. i LL IOR LOt.tl. FITTERS SEE THIRD PACE. HOW TO OBTAIN THE HERALD REV. ILARLY. We often ha' e complaints irom residents of Sasan rah and Hilton Head th»t they are not able always to obtain the Faaai.n The demand if sometimes so preat as to exhaust an Edition very eoon afer it* iaene, acdtheeeaho wish to have the Hejialji regularly, should anb«Tibe for it. We have faithful carrier* in Savannah and at Hilton Head, and throutrb them vre always serve regular subscribers first. THE INTRODUCTION OF EMIGRANT LABOR INTO GEORGIA. A few weeks since, in an article that we prepared with some labor and care, we di rected the attention of the people ot oar State to the Importance of securing by some kind of organized effort, foreign emigrant labor, to maintain and preserve the agricul tural interests of Georgia, so seriously jeopar dized by the sudden emancipation ol the negro, and still more imminently threatened with complete destruction bv the apparently obstinate determination of the freed opera tive not to render bis services available iu his new relations with the owners of the soil It affords us much gratification to perceive, from recent movements in this city with ref erence to this vital subject, by prominent and influential citizens, that our suggestions and appeals were not made in vain. We hope and trust that the public spirited and patriotic gentlemen who constitute the organization recently effected in this city for the introduction of foreign emigrant labor into the various departments of industry, will persevere in their noble undertaking, and despite all obstacles and difficulties that may beset their line of duty, accomplish a desideratum which will be as signally bene ficial to the suffering interests ot their good old Commonwealth, as its achievement will be honorable to themselves ; and which will prove to be of more significance in the his tory of our country than any economic or philanthropic measure ever conceived for the advancement of the public weal. It cau be made by judicious and energetic manage ment a very extensive and satisfactory move ment-one different in its nature and causes from any that have preceded it in the world’s history. The plan of operations sug gested by us, and substantially adopt ed by the newly organized Com pany, contemplated as one of Its main features, the representation of ail phas es of society in its perfection, including the mechanical, industrial and commercial in terests of Georgia—interests that are actually lo govern and control the State in tne tuture, and are to represent an immense capital in nearch of a safe aud lucrative investment. This is the first step towards securing a grand migration of capital and enterprise from Europe to this State. Hitherto we have had a small emigration of the mere humani ty of the Eastern Hemisphere. Only a few of its oppressed and impoverished children, have come to the Southern States in the bare wish to better their physical condition, aud they have sought our shores, because iu the human breast ibe hope of success is always stronger than the fear of failure. But capi tal is moie timid, upon industry moves more slowly. They must weigh all the chances. They have iu their eyes every possible chance of failure. All may not be exactly as it is painted—the government may break down—the country may go to pieces. Capi tal and industry must be assured, and such points before they move ; and these assur ances can be given. We have just shown our government to be the strongest, on the face of the earth. The intelligent masses of Georgia know aud feel that not one ol its Jialious could come sately through the strug gle we have just experienced. No other nation on earth could have survived a shock of war, the intensity ot which was occasion ed not more by the immense numbers and courage of the North than the impetuous gallantry and tenaciousoess ot purpose ot the South. The war also iu the destruction of slavery, we honestly believe, has severed the only questiou that made the tuture of this country doubtful; and capital and industry, with their delicate instincts lor the safe side', - recognize that our Government is the stable one of the world. We have in Georgia some of tha best country in the world, lying waste for the want of the means, the capita], the energy, 1.0 realize and utilize its wealth. We wel come, therefore, this new industrial aud financial movement in our midst—this in ceptive migration of foreign people and capi tal to our shores. There is much of promise for the country in this movement, and tor imported labor aud capital there is a certain return beyond even the conception of the moat vivid imagination. This is a matter that will address itself with singular force to the attention of the State Convention shortly to assemble at Milledgeville, and we shall take occasion at the appropriate time to commend it in suita ble terms to the consideration of that body, •with the conddent expectation that it will aid in gome form the efforts of the Company in this city to attain the grand objects in view. It bas been eloquently and truthfully said by & Northern contemporary, that tbetnigra- ! tions of the industrial development of human ! energy—of that composite power made up j of capital, skill, ingenuity and enterprise— ! furnish one of the most remaiiuble points iu I the history of nations. Cartnage grew up | tinder such a movement trmxi Sidon and j Tyry, and her greatness was tne direct re- 1 suit of it, while as the purple robe ct the older cities fell upon the younger one, their vitality passed away. The capital and labor of Greece went from Corinth to Syracuse to settle and develope Sicily and the Italian cities, and centuries of European civilization felt the e&ct of it. And in later times, the revocation of the edict of Nantes drew out of France the Huegenots—those industrious workers of every class, who carried their ingenuity and skill to adorn and enrich other countries. Tm Brazillun Emigration ProJXCT Arardoked.— The New York Times learns bom a person who has been interested in the i **®J**»* scheme of emigration from the f Deuthero States to Brazil, that the whole hat been given up. CORKUROUL \'l* FIVI rtiL CY * iRI. It wan Ssrmniy said that in ever, tentti year a commercial and financial ry He is sure to occur. Events seem to confirm this con clusion as regarde England and the Ur, t».i States, at least. Tbe earliest financial cri ui England of which history gives an ac count, attended l>v thP destruction of a larg. number ol private bunks and much cornin' i cial bankruptcy, occurred iu 1792. Duiiug the war of a quarter of a century that en sued .there was no commercial or fimi 'O crisis lor in that interval the susj • n <>• specie payments (1797) bv the Bank of Lag laud look place. There was o ■pecOlative excitement,but no .-eg ,a! collapse, having its source in tin *wo great cx.ension of credit. fti 1815, during the transition from war to peace, the fall iu the prices of agricultural produce from the opening ol the British purls, was attended by the destruction of 210 country banks and a wider range of bank ruptcy than, according to McCulloch, had previously taken place anywhere else, ex cept, perhaps, in France at ihe bt caking up of the Mississippi schemes. There was the speculative and reactionary vear of 1825, a decade beyond, iu which mil lions of dollars were absorbed in losses on cotton in the United Stales, by joint stock speculations and advances by British capital ists to the governments of South America, occurring nearly simultaneously. In the years 1845-47, tru years after, sim ilar eventswere attended by similar results— by speculation, reaction and immense losses. In the years 1857-59, it will be recollected by all our readers, nearly, the same series of occurrences took place iu ttie United Stales, which reacted iu England from the intimate connection between the two countries, ihe suspension of all our banks was the conse- j queuce of the commercial excitement anti financial collapue of that period. The theory by which the nearly regular j recurrence of these periods of commercial and financial crises, have been explained i3 j that it requires a petiod of ten years for J countries to recuperate, which experience , great commercial losses, and become obli vious of their disasters in tiade, which, together with the accumulation of capital i and the fall in the interest of money, render the classes prone to speculation restless and j prepared to enter into fresh specu.utions , This explanation may be admitted in the absence of a better, but to found on it a pre- ; diction that may be merely the effect of accidental coiucideuceis certainly not logical. Some of the papers finding, we suppose, that there ate no signs of a collapse are extending the period to fifteen years—to 1880, and even to 1895, on what grounds is not stated. The decen nial period 1807 may not be passed. If we deduct the feur yeats of war, and suppose the ten years not to be continuous, we would be carried as the year of collapse to 1880, but all such calculations are extremely visionary aud unsubstantial. Influence o: Mechanical DGeovei yon ttie Abolition of Slavery. There is said to be an expectation among the planters of the island of Cuba that slave ry will be gradually abolished in that island from the progress made in mechanical dis covery. The following statistics are offered to show the rapid advance of mechanical as compared with manual labour. Iu 1840, there were iu the island (says the New York Times,) 323,772 slaves, while the produc tion of sugar was 17,729,589 arrobas. Iu 1862 the slaves numbered 388,550, and the production of sugar reached 41,418,444 ar robas. Thus, while the increase of slaves was less than 14 per cent., the increase of sugar production was more than 130 per cent. The introduction of machinery, new improved methods of culture, and immigra tion from China, have been the cause of this change, and they are considered certain to continue in a still increasing ratio to replace slave labor.” The influence of machinery in agriculture generally, has been almost beyond belief, especially when directed by steam. “Tue Annual of Scientific Discovery” says a “General Steam Cultivation Company " has been started in London, with a capital ot over a million of dollars, whose object is an nounced to be to purchase, keep yn hand, and rent or let to farmers, at reasonable rates, every kind of steam agricultural implement. The prospectus suggests that many farmers would gladly use steam iu ploughing aud otherwise working their soil, but cauuot at lord to iuvest several thousand dollars in the needful machinery. To these this company proposes to be helpful. It is asserted that applications are already received for renting machinery to the value of a quarter of a mil lion of dollars. A Mr. Smith, ot Woolst m, England, who has especially exerted him self during the last four years to promote •‘steam culture,” has recently published a resume of his personal experience in the mat ter. He states that the cost of preparing land for roots was, with steam $2.88; with hands $10.03 ; for barley, two years, $2.16 with steam against $5.05 by horse power : lour years for wheat $50.20 by steam against the same lor horse power, and foots up a total for a number of other articles, which shows a gain of two hundred ]<er cent, in favor i of steam. The writer says, also, that besides j the economy of the plan he had much better crops. A movement is on foot in New York for tbe establishment of a second House of de ception, in tbe midst of the city, for fallen women who may desire to reform, the H jine previously established for that purpose being tilled to its utmost capacity. The gentlemen iu their appeal to tbe public for funds, say it is not deemed necessary to cct forth the | enormity of tbe evil which so loudly calls j for vigorous efforts at removal. It stares us |>n the lace on every corner and in every | street. It is one of the most melancholy features of this social evil, and at the same 1 time a source of encouragement to labor tor their reformation, that so many of the victims of this vice are youug girl*. A circular addressed by Earl Russell to tbe various diplomatic agents of tbe British Gov ernment says, alluding to tbe continuance of tbe slave trade, “ Her Majesty's Government, actuated by tbe horror to which so odious a commerce bas given rise throughout tbe world, has arrived at the conclusion that nothing would be more efficacious for its re pression than to visit those guilty of it with punishment proportioned to the gravity of the evil.” IN CRXFR'U-. | —The fir - n>w fed iu Philadelphia on the evening ol Oct. sth. ! —Gen. Grant arrived in Washington on, 1 the nth —A Nations*. Bank. Lav been chartered at | Atsnta. fli imoorts of foreign Pry Goods into \,-w York last week, were valued at *2.- i: . • against *738,179, same week last ! yea 1 <k-n. Humohrle . the Governor elect of Miss., white c cadet at West Point in 1827, Wio e urt-marliided and dismissed for some j offence. —The embassy frofn the Bey of Tunis * have been seeing the sights ol New \ ork. fbey appeared in ordinary B’tire, aud save the scarlet turban, nothing denoted their | Moorish origiu —A wholesale decapitation fini.-hed the of ficial life of twenty-five special aids at the ! New Y ork Custom House on the Cth inst. ; Twenty-three cx soldiers were appointed, ! three of whom were one-armed men. —A man by the name of Harris, in New Orleans, has wagered five thousand dollars j that he will walk for four clays and four ' in.' t without rest, on a plank twenty-two inches wide by twenty two feet long. —The latest novelty in Boston is the ex hibition on the Common of a pilgrim ship which stranded on Cape Cod in 1626, and which has lately been uncovered by the shifting of the sands —lu the Wire trial the prosecution ex amined one hundred and twenty-five wit nesses : the number ot days required for which was twenty-three, the record making two thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight foolscap pages. Gen. Lee arrived at Lexington to be in- j stalled President of Washington College, 1 upon horseback, alone and unattended, aud riding the dark gray horse he rode most of the time during the war and at his surrender —General Fisk states that during one week six or seven hundred negroes have been sent from Nashville to their former homes in dif ferent parts of the State, and have contract ed with their former owners to work for wages. —A trader from the country, a few days since, while malting some purchases at a store in town, was asked if he did not want some half mourning prints. “Well, I guess Ido ; the folks up our way ate just about half dead these days.” —A young man, respectably connected, but who has an inordinate love for liquor, was before the Hartford Police Court recent ly, nearly in a state of delirium tremens. He was sentenced to jail, a full length carte de visite of him having first been taken, which will be presented to him upon the expiration of his sentence. ' —The venerable old frigate Constitution is reported to have behaved w ith extraordinary friskiness on her recent voyage from New port to Annapolis. Discarding the tug sent to “tow” her, she sailed off alone, making thirteen and a half knots an hour, and pass ing everything on the route. —A young lady was accidentally locked up in a church iu Brooklyn, New York, and it was three days before it was discovered, when she was fouud in an exhausted state. On Sunday aftertjoon she took a seat in ihe gallery. The sexton went in to prepare for tbo usual prayer-meeting on Wednesday afternoon and discovered her. The testimony in the Harris divoice case is published in full in the New York pa pers. Mr. Harris does not swear to any pos itive knowledge of criminal conduct an the part of his wife. He admits having struck her, or “boxed her jaws," and having choked her on one occasion in an effort to “choke the truth out of her.” Private Letters from Lee aiui Davis. The Troy (N. Y. ) Times says “A friend from Washington lias exhumed the follow ing letters from a mass of rebel correspon dence captured and forwarded to the gov ernment. The epistles now see the light for the first lime.” General R. E. Lee writes to a young woman under date of “Camp near Petersburg, February 11, 1865,” thank iug her tor a gift of warm knit jacket*, and adding ; “lam much distressed at the fall of Savan nah —the city of my proudest recollections. I hope no harm will befall those left within omits. Mrs. Lee and my daughters are in Richmond. They will be glad to hear of you. The former is still a great sufferer from rheumatism, and confined entirely to her couch and chair. I send the autograph you derive for your tricud, and also a late photo graph for you, that von may see the grim visage of tno man lor whom you take so much trouble. With kind regard to all am friends, I am most truly yours, R. E. Lke.” On the Ist of January, 1865, Jeff. Davis, likewise writing to a spinster, said : “Trusting that the year which has just commenced may by God's blessing bring peace lo our laud, aud that your fami ly may be again assembled with their friends iu security and contentment, I «ra very truly your friend, “Jkff. Davis. •‘.Miss Hell M. Cox, Louisville, Blount coun ty, Tenn.” How Ketciutm Spends his Time. —The New York correspondent of the Cincinnati Gazette says that Ectchnin, the torger, hears his confinement iu the Toombs with remark able resignation aud calmness. liis wife, it is said, has not visited him; but two or three of his fair friends make lreqnent calls at his prison quarters. He passes much of his time iu reading poetry and in inditing senti mental epistles to the divinities alluded to, while he is the frequent recipient of various perfumed, rose lined billets. liis cell is lib erally supplied with books, flowers and deli cacies. The Health or flit. Sief uens Improved. Hon. A 11. Stephens is now occupying the room at Fort Warren known as “the head quarters,” and, according to the Boston Tra veller, seems to be enjoying better health than heretofore. He takes his accustomed afternoon walk, and seems to enjoy it. There are no intimations from Washington that he is to be speedily released. A letter from Richmond, referring to the great fire iu that city April 3d, says ; The damage done on that occasion was roughly estimated at the time at about eight tnii.ions, but that suufe it is now understood, docs not begin to cover the loss. * Texas advices say that large quantities of land have been purchased by a Polish agent, iu order to introduce a colony of Polish emi grants. The first colonization is expected to take place iu December. The mouth of tuc Tiber, it is said, bas beeu surveyed, and the work of restoring the harbor is to be, undertaken. Who can tell ? Might not Rome become again tbe capital of the Old World ? 1 m\m\l AUD fOWIERfIIIi. Xrii York Murkcts. \r t; \oux. Fiiilny. Oct 6. lit. ! Coßc* lias lieea ratuer more -uuittit alter.it Heady ’ flv rates. We quote Java at (Scatter Rio St l-.oa Tic Maracaibo at tsevjac; Lagmvraai 2.ti22c: 9t. Domingo at 17 per Hi. m gold, i Cotton—ls active aud advancing. Middlings cioa- Iny buoyantly at 51cit52; per ID. 9 lei and resale* i since our lasi, vice Uaiv". The tccetpM at this port tun > far ilia* sed, lure *wt ifred 4,0*1 Hal's a da f. | mating 21.789V>JleS since the Isi lust., and 132,432 I bales Jnce the Ist September. 1 Fish—Have been in request and held rattier more firmly. | Four and Meal—State and W estern Flour lias been unusually active io-dav at a further average advance jof 2 c per lb. file demand lias been mainly .-peeii lafue. though partly to aiq ply the wants ot the rejt ; ular trade. The market closes quite excited, holders j claiming even hnrhoi rat*-.*. Sales aiuce our iaai add up u4,.,im tibls. Including interior to choice Supertine State and Western at 1 1 loaß id; poor to choice fcxti* -iate at $a >*tae 10. chiefly at $8 Was 75; round-hoop extra Ohio, inferior to good shipping brands, at is lias 60 per lb. We now iiuote : Superior State and Western . . $3 10a 8 60 Extra State . . 8 80a 9 10 Extra Illinois, Indiana. Michigan, Ac a fcoal2 75 Extra Ohio, round-hoop, shipping brands it lfiu 9 Go Extra Ohio, trade aud family brands 9 coal 2 75 Extia Genesee I . it I5al? 75 Poor to very c lotce extra Missouri 9 6oalC 5J Southern Hour Is In active demand and buoyant.— Sales since cur last 2,100 bbls, at $9 60 a 11 25 for poor to good, and sll 30 to sl6 for good to very choice extra brands, per bid. Canadian flour is dearer. Sales 000 bbls: extra at $a to al2 75 per Ibl. Eye flour Is In good demand and higher, In cluding superfine at 25 it ?7 per bbh; sales 150 bbls. Com meal is finite active at 54 75 for Western, $1 75 aSI 85 for Jersey, »3 1.5 for Caloric, and 46 25 lor llraudy wine, per bbl. Sale' $4,100 bbls, includ ing 2,500 Lids. Mar hs Caloric lor export on private term* Molasses—ls in more request, and on the ad vance. Naval Stokes—Are in request and firm, including spirits of turpentine at $1 05 a $1 10 per gallon; crude turpentine at $5 25 a $5 So ; and Rosin at 47 75 a $22.50 per 280 lbs. ItidE—Has lieen in more demand and (tinier, in cluding Carolina at sl2 25 a sl3, aud Rangoon at #9 75 a 10 25 per 100 lbs. Salt—ls in demand and held firmly. soap—ls in good request and quite firm. Sia.uis—Huvejseen in good request at buoyant prices. Sales since our last, 1,100 lihds. Cuba. Ac., ar I jali'jC., and 1,050 boxes Havana, parr at 13L;a 16 He. i* ib. Refined Sugars am in good demand, 15a jic. y tb. Tallow—Ha* been more active and linuer to-dav. Sale* 155,10a tb*. at 15,Ha lfi.Mc., chiefly at tsvjalflc., including some extra city for export at I6>fc. v lb., the latter a fancy price. Tear—Are in lair demand and on the advance. JfcWm she y.—Sales .750 bbls., in lots, at $2 28a2 29 per gallon. Freight*,—For Liverpool the engagements in cluded 30u bales cotton at >Jd.a"-18<i. per lb.; 5,000 staves on private terms. For Pernambuco, a brig on private terms. Jacksonville Marker. Jacksonville, Fla., Oct. 7. Flour, per bbl., $14a16; Hominy , per lb., loe. ; Com Meal, per lb., salOc.; Fresh Beet, per lb., malic.; Chickens. per piece, 40a:50c. j Fggs. per doz., 4»a60c.; Butter, per lb., fiOaGJc.; Siveet Potatoes, per bushel, $1 50a2 00; Irish Potatoes, per bbl., $5 suaC. Cotton.— The following quotations lias heen the ruling figures for the past week, ending l jtli Inst.; pea island. McCarthy Ginned <oa<6 Roller Ginned.. 6»a70 Saw Ginned 52aS8 UPLANDS. Ordinary 2BaBl Middling ,32a35 Middling Rilr.. 33*37 The SrECK or War is Kentucky.— A Washington despatch says the troops sent oat to Morgan County, Kentucky, have re turned to Lexington, bringing with t(jem Mr. Geardon, the United Slates Collector. Capt. Johnson, who commanded the expe dition, reports that on his approach the guer - rillas disbanded and scattered in all direc tions. Capt. Johnson was bushwhacked, and his pickets fired on and driven in at night. The country is full of robbers and guerrillas, and the people are in terror. The guerrilla Williams has forbiddeu the col lection of any more United States taxes, and Mr. Geardon says he cannot go back aud collect the revenue without troops to pro tect him. Gen. Brisbin has ordered the United States forces to at ouco occupy and garrison Bath, Floyd, Morgan and Wolfe Counties. The National Banker’s Express Compa ny — This new Express Company completed its organization in New York on Thursday, by the election ot Edward B- Judson, Presi dent, and Alfred Wilkinson, Secretary. Both gentlemen are of Syracuse, N. Y r . The Times says the Company has a capital of four million dollars, subscribed by the lead ing Bankers, Railroad, and other substan tial business men of the country. They pro pose to make immediate arrangements for the necessary facilities for carrying on a gen eral Ex-press business, which will be begun at an early day, and extended as rapidly as circumstances will permit. There is, says the times, a public necessity for some com petition in this vast business, and the names and character of the gentlemen engaged in this company, are a sufficient guaranty for the safe and honorable conduct of its af fairs 'ihe Fneilttwn’s Bureau. The following circular letter was promul gated from the Freedmen’s Bureau to-day: Wak Dep’t, Bureau of Refugees, ) Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, - Washington, Oct, 4, 1865. ) State laws with regard to apprenticeship will he recognized by this bureau, provided they make no distinction ot color; or, in case they do so, the said laws applying to white children will be extended to the color ed. Officers of this bureau are regarded as guardians of orphans and minors of freed meu within their respective districts. The principle to be adhered to with regard to paupers is that each county, parish, town ship or city shall care for and provide for its own poor. Vagrant laws made for free people and now in force on the statute books of the States embraced in the operations of this bureau, will be recognized and extended to the freedmen. Assistant commissioners will draw up specific instructions applicable to their respective States, in accordance with the loregoing principles. O. O. Howard, Maj. Gen. and Commissioner. It is evident from the tollowing order, is sued from the Freedmen's Bureau on the same day, that the restoration of property now held as abandoned and confiscated, is to lie entered into bv Commissioners of the Bureau throughout the South with scrupu lous exactness in regard to the title of the same and the legal ownership thereof. The circular subjoined corroborates this view Assistant commissioners are directed in their reports of abandoned or confis cated lands to arrange the names of former owners of such landj in each county, district or parish in alphabetical order. The number of acres herein required <o be stated will always be giveu as nearly as the same can be ascertained. Copies of all orders re turning property to former owners will be forwarded to this Bureau as soon as issued, in compliance with special instructions from the head of the Bureau, and the papers in such cases will he returned with copies of the orders. Valuable Testimony.— Procure at any Druggist's one of Mrs. S. A. Allen's circulars of her World's Hair Restorer and Hair Dres sing, and you will find in it much valuable information concerning tbe human hair, also testimonials from well known and reliable parties that will satisfy you that her prepar ations have no equals for restoring, invig orating and beautifying the Hair. If your Hair is grey, if you have a bald spot, it you wish to retain your hair through life, use these preparation?. octl2-eodlw Opening of Railroads to Mobile and Montgomery, Ala —The railroads are now open to Mobil* and Montgomery, thus com pleting connection with New York, via Knoxville, Teem., and Lynchburg, V*.— Adam*' Express has opened its office at tbeae points. UVSCtfi \oi ICRs He, 15 r. k. M. A A M'-'tiar of the LoKill he Awheld Till* Evening at the Hall, comer of Bn.* Brtmghior. «rcet«, ar o’c’oek. Member* of the Drier are respectfully Invited to sttaud. By order W’M GREEN tV M. •I. HoufcTON, Secretary. octl2 BATCHBLOR S HAIK BITS ! The Original and Best in the World 1 The inly true and jrerfect llair Dye. Harmless. Reliable and Instan taneous. Produces immediute.y a splendid Black or natural Brown, without injuring the hair or akin. Remedies the- ill effects of bad dyes. Sold by all Drug gists. The genuine iu signed William A. Batchelor. Also, REGENERATING EXTRACT OF MILI.EFLETRS, For Restoring and Beautifying the Hair anl4-ly CHARLES BATCHELOR. New York A PHYSIOLOGICAL, View of MARRIAGE Containing nearly 300 pages, and 130 fine Plates and Engravings of the Anatomy of the Human Or gans In a state of Health and Disease, with a Trea tise on Early Errors, Its Deplorable Consequences upon the mind and Body, Willi the Author’s Plan of Treatment—ihe only rational and successful mode of cure, as shown by the report of cases treated A truthful adviser to the married, and those contem plating marriage who entertain doubts of their phys ical condition. Sent free of postage to any address, on receipt of 25 cent - in stamps or postage currency, by 'addressing Dr LA CROIX, Xo. 31 Maiden Lane, Albany, N. Y. The author may lie consulted upon any of the dis ease* upon which his bool; treats either personally or by mail, and medicines sent to any part of the world. octlO 6m MARRIAGE AXD CELIBACY. An Essay of Warning and Instruction for Young men, just published b> the Howard Association, and sent in sealed letter envelopes free of charge. Address Dr. J. SKILLIN HOUGHTON, Howard Association, Philadelphia, Pa. octl2-r*m ~\F.\Y ADVERTISEMEVTS. THE NEW VOKk OBSERVER. A WEEKLY RELIGIOIS AND SECULAR Newspaper for the Family and the Fireside, will soon enter on its FORTY - FOURTH YEAR OF PUBLICATION. Truetn the Church, the Con= 3titution s and the Union, It Is calculated to tdify and pienre both OLD AND YOUNG. All new subscribers paying us in advance for ISC6 shall have their names immediately entered, and the Observer will be sent to them Until January First. Gratis! Subscribe soon, as the free papers will commence when the name? are entered. Sample copies to any address free. Term«, $3.50 a Year in Advance. SIDNEY E, 3IORSE, Jr., A CO., 37- Pax'U Row, New York. 0Ct12.4 WILMINGTON IRON WORKS* PUSEY, JONES & CO., Wilmiugtou, Delaware. MANUFACTURE Iron Steamboats Steam Engines, Boilers, Machinery for Saw Mills. &c. Having had long experience in business and being piovid' and with very extensive facilities for doing work of this class, are prepared to execute orders with despatch, oct!2 Cm ATTENTION F CALLED to the very superior lot of Butter. Cheese und Lard, received per steamer Raleigh,by SEABORN GOODALL, octl2-lw Williamson's Building. WOOD!! lAOR SALE, if applied f.r immediately, the wood . (uak, Hickory and Pine) as it stands, upon 250 or 30 1 acres oi land within two miles of this city. Said wood can be conveyed to the city either by land or water carriage. Apply to TISON & GORDON, oct!2-eod3* 00 F.ay street. ■ Notice. CONSIGNEES per schooner Honest Abe, from New York, are requested to attend to the reception of their poods landing at Lamar’s Wharf, Exchange Dock. AU remaining on wharf at sunset will be stored at expense and risk of owners. octl2 BRIGHAM, BALDWIN & CO. FOR SALE, FOUR FINE MULES, Wagon and Harness. Also, a fine bay .flare ; works well in harnes*. Can be seen this morning at ten o’clock, at Messrs. John McMahon & Co.’s Store, corner Brough on and Jefferson streets, 0ct.12 J' Stray Coiv. ASTRAY COW has been on ms premise* for the last three days. The owner can have her by proving property aud paying for this advertisement,— Apply at Herald office. octl2-l WANTED, A NO. 1 COOK. White preferred. Noue need apply well recommended. For particu lars inquire at this olfice. oct!2-lw English Coal. UITABLE lor Parlor Grate*. Landing aud for sale in lota to suit purchasers, by octl2-?w CLAGHORN & CUNNINGHAM SITUATION WANTED. A LADY qualified to teach Music and French, as well as English, desires n situation in a Semina ry or private family Term*. tOOO per annum. Address X. Y. Z., at this office. oct1?-2 WANTED, 1 A GOOD HANDS to cut Shingles on the river near 1 v Chur]*'.ion and Savnuuah Railroad Bridge— Good wanes given. Apply iuimediaiely to JNO. W. ANDERSON & SONS. OCII2-4 Notice. rrtHE schooner DeSoto, from Baltimore, will dis- A Charge this duy, 12th lost. No freight will be delivered until Consignees shall have presented Bills Lading at our office, tbe vessel's papers not having been received. LaROCHB, GADEN & UNCKLES, corner Bay and Barnard Sts. REMOVAL. DR. IST. M. SNEED, DENTIST, HAS removed his Office and Residence to northwest comer of Bull and Broughton street* (former residence of the late Mrs Beallej, »nd will be pleased to see his friends and patrons there. Can be found at home at all times day and night, octl* 3 - N 6 TO RENT, THAT Eligibly Situated Store and Dwelling on the north side of Bryan street, third door east of Barnard, at present occupied ts a Barber shop. Apply to John hyan, Northeitt comer of Bay and West Broad sti. octlS-2 NK.W advkrtiskmknts. For .Sale. A SO. 1 MULE, f)rsv and Harness t r »ale on lea-* ► nahie term For lurther particulars apply t*» Mm Patrick CaYa’iaapli'*. on Martraj** au'aat. around •luoi from West Broad. oetlf-t IS YOUR LIFE I ii s it red: 3 No man should be one dav without an In surance on bis Life. You can get it done at a low rate now and in Companies, and In Companies that did not cancel their risks during; tbe war All classes ot Policies is sued at lowest rates Apply to octl2-3 A. WILBUR, Agent BACON, CUADY & CO. Colton and Tobacco Factors, NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SAVANNAH BY HENRY BRY'AN. do entirely n Commission Business, exerting ff 4>ureives to get the outside market quotations for our patrons. Liberal advances marie oti Cotton atSAvannah, and pjiit :il advances ou Cotton ready lor shipment at Au gusta. Atlnnta arid Macon. Planters orders filled. octiS-lm NEW BUCKWHEAT FLOUR. fPHK undersigned Cfor eighteen years of the firm of * Cromwell & Birdsall) is now prepared to receive orders for his well known brand of choice New Hulled Buckwheat Flour,'? neatly packed in barrels, half barrels, quarter barrels and bags of 49 and 24X pounds. Havt also on hand Freeh Ground, State and West ern Flour. Extra, Superfine, and No. 2 Superfine, in bbls. and halt bbls., in lots to snit purchasers. EDWARD CROMWELL, octl2-9w 12S and 125 Broad strict, New York. For Sale. A N Elegant Pleasure Wagon (dagger with springs) *1 aud Single Harness, both nearly new. Inquire of Col. PECK, VTSdN. Y. V., Oglethorpe Square. 0i7t12 3* IboXjr,mFg7 TWO GENTLEMEN can be accommodated with a pleasant Room und first class Board in a do*ire ble locality. Address X., Herald office. octli-2 Information Wanted OF Mrs. Honors (Fiuoraurice) Riecli, who resided iu Su vanuah before the war broke oitt. Is a na tive of Ireland, and in Ameriea about 20 ve-irs. Bv calling on the Editor of the Dally Herald, ahe will hear something to iier advantage. 3 octli Notice IS hereby given that neither the owners or agents of the Steamers AMAZON, GIBBONS and LAURA, will be responsible for any debt, bill or contract made by any of the officers or crew of said steamers unless made by written permission oi ERWIN 4 HARDEE. For Agents and Owners. JNo. L. Rorwru.F i. Agent on Wharf. octlO ts IF* ROSjPECTXJS or THE GEORGIA LAND EMIGRATION COMPANY. SLAVERY, or involuntary servitude is practically abolished in Georgia Tbe reclamation of the President of the United States having given freedom to every slave, and the oath of amnesty and the con ditions of pardon, forbid any attempt at its revival in any form cr condition. ihe gieat mass of the Agricultural Population of the State has been released horn their obligation to cultivate the soil, except by their own volition, and it must be apparent to the judicious observer, how ever much o oe regretted, that the voluntary labor of the newly freed population will not for the present at least, supply the deficiency of labor. The withdrawal of nearly three hundred thousand able-bodied persons to u greater or less extent irom their vocations has created a void which must be filled or the landp of the State will remain uutiiied, her great resources undeveloped and her future pros perity sacrificed. The remedy, and the only remedy for this condition of affairs contista in the immigration of a hardy and industrious white population, to supply the places of those who cannot oe compelled to work and whose and apositions do not incline them to greater labor than is actually necessary to support life. To such immigrants, no State offers greater induce* meats than the Stale of Georgia. Extending from the Atlantic Ocean to the Blue Kige, it embraces ove ry variety of soil and climate. The savannahs oi the coast, the rolling country of the interior, and the mountains of the noithern part of the State afford opportunities for the cultivation o<* almost ever/ pro duct of tropical or temperate latitude. The grape is grown with great .success in many parts ol the State and its cultivation has only been limited by the want of persons skilled In the knowl edge of the vine and the mode of preparing its yield The State is also rich in gold and other minerals, and nothing but energy ana ihe application of proper ma chinery is wanting to the development of those bid den treasures. The raising of sheep of the finest breeds has been carried on with success, and the vast mns;ea of uncul tivated land afford excellent pastures for cattle and all kind? of stock—rice, cotton, tobacco, corn, wheat, rye, oats, sugar cane, the grape and aU species of iruitsfind then appropriate soil and climate within our extended limits. The numerous rivers and smaller streams taking their rise in the mountains and running through the State into the Atlantic and the Gulf in their gradual descent furnish water power unfailing in any season and capable of putting into operation any kind of machinery, The area of the State con talus upwards of thirty millions ot acres, o which not more than one-third has been cultivated, and the virgin forest of the wild lands afford an inexhaustible supply of lumber which formed a heavy item of the exports of o' eorgia prior to our late difficulties. These lands which maybe bought at comparatively vow rates will give to the new settler a homestead on which he mav erect Ills rooftree and settle for life an inhabitant aiid in time a citizen of the republ c. In view of the foregoing facts the undersigned pro pose to organize a Company to be ( allied the -Georgia Land and Emigration Company,” the principle office to be located in Savannah, with the intention of ap plying for a charter at the next sescion of the Legisla ture ; the capital of baid Company to be five hundred thousand dollars, in twenty thousand of twenty-five dollars each; said Company to be organized by the choice of a President and Directors when all the shares shall have been subscribed. Tbe object of the Company is to induce and afford aid to the immigration into the State of Georgia of honest, sober aud reliable persons with their iamliies to become purchasers of aud settlers on lands not now in use, or to be laborers on farms or plantations ou which the freediueu refuse to work, or 10 follow iheir trades, or become house servants. The advantages to be derived as this present junc ture by the influx oi such a class of population, are mauilest. To tne large landholder It offers the pros pectof selling his laud or farming it out on advanta geous term.". To the Planter ana Fanner It will sup ply that labor, in tho absence of which, the owner ship of the soli is a burthen, and to all persons In those classes of life whose business requires or whose position permits the n-eof toe labor of other*. itai lords the opportnaity of obtaining such labor of a reasonable rate, and of a reliable character. So also to the State will great benefit accrue; many of the immigrants may bring wealth with them, all will bring skill or industry, which U> the source of wealth, and this infusion of ue v life will, we trust, iu progress of time, restore Georgia to her original state of pros perity. The Company we believe—will be, not only self-eus turning, but a source of profit to the stockholders.— Tbe fees paid by those emigrant* who can afford It, for directions as to their settlement; the commissions paid by the owners of lands lor the sale, or leasing of their lands to the immigrants, and by persons to whom laborers are furnished, the profits to be derived from a Savings Institution to tabs care of the funds and profits of the emigrants, which It is proposed to connect with the Oomi>any. will, we expect, enable the Company to declare such dividends as will make it remunerative U> those who subscribe simply as an investment. Biff independently of pecuniary con sideration. as citizens of the State o. Georgia who have an interest In its future weliare, we ask your as sistance in this matter, in our opinion of vital impor tance. We may not leave the lHnd of our birth, let us make it ouce more a land of promise. All communications should be addressed. Post paid, t 0.700. W. MsgilL Box *33 Savannah Post Office, Parties desiring printed copies of this Prospectus, cau obtain them at the office oi R. T. Gibson, at the Exchange* THOMAS E. LLOYD, 1 J. WALDBURU ' rvmwjw— R. T. GIBSON, f “■P* octf JNO W MAGILL, J SllfWlil THEATKE. M»■»*.#,»*. Ratiiond 4 Hamiito:. IHlHllUl KYKMKG, (Ml'. w Tbe first time of tbr Grand Romantic Play of tbe FLOWERS OF THE FOREST, With all the Company in cast To conclude with BETSY BAKER, OCtl2 SAVANNAH INSTITUTE FOP. YOUNG LADIES. T H^SSS A V»f win be * Mr. Lancaster has the pleasure of informing bia trims and triends that he has secured as ossociaies in iheinstraction and management of his School sever al highly edneated and accomplished Ladies of vannah. Besides the usual branches of an Englif h tion. Instruction will be given in Latin Frew h Music—Vocal and Instrumental—and Drawing It is the purpose of the Principal to establish ,i first c\a.s School for Young Ladies, in which „H ,1 branches of a complete education may be ninsnUs under ihe most favorable circamstancea. a The School will not be divided into Department* bnt there will be division of classes, bo that each nr’ pil may derive all the advantages of Recitation to the different Teachers. The Scholastic Year will be divided Into Three Terms of fourteen weeks each. RATES OF TUITION. Senior Class, Ist and 2d Terms senior Class 3d Terms .7' so •• luniorClasß, Ist and 2d Terms.. .. Junior Class, 3d Term " j, .. Music, Vocal and Instrumental *27 n er term Drawing... .. Extra charges made for Music and Drawing onlv Tuition billß payable during the term. '' J. S. E. LANCASTER, octT-lw Principal C. O. D, REMOVAL OP SHOE STORE PROM 1554 COSiGRKSS STREET TO 178 BROUGHTON STREET, OPPOSITE ST ANDREW’S HALL. ISheblock's 010 Day Goons Stans.) HAVING taken the nbore large and commodious Store, aud made extensive addition, to o ir Stock, we are prepared to supply our old customers aud new with every variety of BOOT AND SHOE We guarantee to sell for less than goods can b» bought for in New York. Call and see. oct9 a AMES * PEABODY Just Received, And m Store on Consignment, BI GGIES AND CARRIAGES Also, a lot of Fine Liquors, consisting of BRANDIES, WHISKEY, SANTA CRUZ RUM, BOEER’S BITTERS, Ac. Which we offer on the most liberal terms. VAN HORN. HOLYOKE k MURRAY, octll-tf No. 9 Stoddard's Block. HATS, CAPS, &c. GENTS’ RESORTE, Felt, Derby and Fanst Hat*, Army and Navy Caps, Boys Hats, Caps and Tut bans. Just received and for sale by 8 M. COLBING, No. 153 Congress street Boots, Shoes, &c GENTS’ BOOTS, Gaiters ar.d Balmorals ; Ladies' and Misses'Gaiters and Balmorals; Children's Balmorals aud Bootees Just received and lor sale by S. M. COL DING, octli No. 183 Congress street. By Bell, Wylly & Christian AT PRIVATE SALE. Southern half of Lot No. 4, Elbert Ward. Improve ments consist of a Dwelling on Brick Basement fitted up as a Store. Also, Lot No. 23, on corner of Price and Charlton streets. The Improvements consist of a Handsome Dwelling, known as Lewis’ Cottage Also, Trust Lot No. 31, Troup Ward. Ail of the above property will be sold at a bargain, if applied for this week. 4 octU Grits and Meal* GILLEM’S MILL RE-OPENED. Having purciiafi ♦ and the entire interest from Mr H. Gill9m In his large and txteaaive Mills, on the corner of Habersham street and Perry street lane, tte am now prepared to furnish Grist and Meal nt favorable rates. Corn will be ground on toll. All orders promptly filled, octll-lm LUDINGTON a HARRISON. Dunn & Brown, SHIPPING MASTERS, HAVING opened an office at No. 35 Bay street, be tween Habersham and Price streets, we are pre pared to furnish crews at the shortest notice. octll-lm CA-XJTIOJSL. THE public is cautioned against trading for three bonds of the city of Augusta (past due} Nos. 171, 11S and 183. for two’huDdred aud fifty dollars each, the name having been stolen, and payment stopped. octlO-C 9. M. COLDING. List of VALUABLE PACKAGES, Remaining in Adam’s Express Compa ny’s OJBcc, Oct. 3d, 1865. B. Budge, Gilbert. A Boyse, Ca pt Michael Bussell, HA, 175th N Y Baker, Judge B Berlin, Ralph Behn, R H Balkam. Lieut □ G c. Corley, Cha* D, Davis, Amos care QJ DrafeeDavis, Mrs J H Davis, C O Dasher. Israel Dante, Wrn Dasher, Mrs W II Draper. A G Dodd, Margaret Davis, Mrs .7 D E. m- Estes, Albert F. Flinn, Michael " c*. Grant, Lieut Mlilei B H, Haley, Sergt Peter Hire, B Hart, H L Heery, John Harris <fe Miller Houston, Col E J, .Toy, H M. ITth A C Iverson, Edward Jordan, F J Janney, T B Jones, J L K. Kierann. Tko3 Kirkpatrick. J O Ring. GF Kavaneugb, J F M. Miller, RohL 17th A C Morriss, Mrs H Modic. Mrs O .Mosher, A, 126th N Y Muller, H H Moode, A IV. Niven. A. Cos E. 15th Me NorwoodgMrs Thos Nugent, Wm P / Palletler, Madam C Powel, 8 , Perry, Col J S R. Rilley, Michael Rutledge, Rev N H Rolf, Dolf Richardson, J Smith, Andrew stookes. Miss Mary Snow, H C TANARUS, Thornton, Mrs Hannah Trine, N, Cos A, 18tb I ni Toole, J Regt V. Vannaba, Beni C w. Weslem. Capt C B Wade, X C Western, Capt 0 B Whituer. Capt B F Whelan, Thad. care DWUllamf.JH Wood Wood, Lieut Henty octfi-tr S. T. T7TNI9ON, Agent'