* The Savannah Daily Herald
BY S. W. MASON & CQ ‘
(UiIEL W. **■**•» tauor,
-VV. T. THOMPSON. Kdtuur.
"savaxsah. THURSDAY. yOVKMBCT 1 w.
HOW IO <iurTiv TIIE herald HEO.
W , often htv, e.>*p'"X» 1~“ SaT “-
-nd W'ton Head tfc « they are notable alw.y*b'
Obtain .t* H.»a..n. The demand If K-meas. »o
«_, t „to exha net an Edition very so,® after ife .«ne.
no those »bo wi b to have tbe Hmy. re£«.flr.y.
ahoald sub-cribe for it. We have nothin! earnera in
(Savannah and at Hilton Head, and through them we
alway* serve regular sab-cr'uere first.
VHE .CAITED STATES’ CLAIMS IVON
OOEBUSPCNDEScE BETWEEN ME. ADAMS AXE
The following summary of the itifportant
•oriespondencj which has 'takf-n place be
tween Mr. 'Adams, the American Minister,
and Earl Russell, ia relation to the responsi
bility of England for the ravages committed
upon American Commerce by vessels titled
out in England, will be very acceptable to
our readers. On the Ttb oi April last, Mr.
Adams addressed a letter to Earl Russell,
calling his attention to the office! reports re
specting the ravages of the Shendndoab,
and inlnwns him that his government c mid
avow holding Great Britainj responsible
for the damage committed. On the Gth ot
May, E ir’ Raised responded by saying that
the duties of Great Britain toward the
United States are not measured by the losses
which the commerce of the latter may have
sustained. That the question is simply
wiiethtr the British Government have faith
fully and honestly performed, tho duties
which international laws and their own mu-
nicipal laws impose upon them.
Mr. Adams replies. May 4th, that the in
surgents became belligerents on the ocean
solely by reason of the facilities furnished
in her Majesty’s ports for them to do so, and
complains of the secret sympathy of her
Majesty’s officers in the port ot Liverpool,
and contends that after the information
■which he supplied resnecting the Alabama,
it was by the flagrant neg igence of her Ma
jesty’s Board of Customs, that this vessel,
admitted to be intended for war purposes,
was suffered to depart from Liverpool.
Three months thereafter, Earl Russell re
plies, by justifying the course of her Ma
jesty’s Government in recognizing the belli
gerents, and reasons are given why there
was extreme difficulty in giving orders to ex
clude from British ports vessels of war, part
lyfitted up in the United Kingdom. Ear*
Russell notices a statement ia a letter from
Mr. Adams, in 1863, as to tho Government
of Washington being ready to refer these 1
disputes to arbitration.
E ir. Russell declines this otfer, and says I
1* is a question, in tho first piaca, whether j
the Queen’s Government have acted in good
faith in maintaining their neutrality; in the
second place, whether the law officers of the
crown have correctly interpreted a British
statute. Earl Russel) continues: “The
Queen’s Government can refer neither of
these questions to arbitration.”
The rep’y of Mr. Adams is dated the 18th
September, and says there is now no dispute
as to the fact that the recognition of the
South as belligerents was such an act as was
never done by one nation towards another
in a state of amity. Ho charges the British
government with having acted without
knowledge and upon mere presumption in
assuming that the evidence of tha blockade
of the southern ports wta imperfect. The
blockade, he says, was the consequence,
not the cause, of Blush policy. He thinks
that the ntiiy excuse for the British govern
ment is that its conduct was precipitate.—
He then intimates that if the doctrines and
practices of tye British government ate al
lowed to become the rule, the United States
will not.be the greatest loser thereby. Mr.
Adams does not appear to think that the pro
posal of Earl Russell to refer the questions
in dispute to a commission will by accepted
by the United S ates government.
XUe National Thanksgiving Day.
The telegraph erroneously aonounced a
few days since, that the President had set
apart the first Tiiuisday 0, November as a clay
of national thanksgiving. Finding no men
tion of it in any of cur Northern files, we
doubted the truth of tue report, and had
•oocluded to disregard the unsupported,state
ment of the telegram altogether. We find
that wo took the correct view of the matter.
The dispatches of our New York corres
pondent, rec.-iyep at a late hour last night,
contain the Proclamation, in full, of the
Presideat, setting a part the first Thursday of
December, instead of November, as the tele
gram had it, for a National Thanksgiving.
Tue Freedhen and tub Ska Island*.—A
delegation from Florida was in Washington
on the 24th nit., urg'mg the suspension oftho
order to Gen. Howard as to the occupation
of the Sea Islands. They want the freedmen
kept there temporarily till all arrangements
can be made for their transmission for the
State of Florida, where their labor is much
needed by the planters.
Meeting of I sternal Rkvesce Assessors
at Albany.—The United States Internal
Revenue Assessors trom the New England
States, New York, New Jersey, and a por
tion of those from Pennsylvania and Ohio
met at Albany < a the 24th. The object o’
the meeting appt ars to be lor the purpose of
making such recommendations to the next
Congress as the practical application of the
present law has rendered necessary to make
it more uniform and simplify it s working
Contention of the Fu»st Senatorial Dis
trict. —The Convention of the First Seua-
District, which includes Chatham
Bryan and Eifingbam counties, will be held
on Wednesday, the Bth instant^for the pur
pose of nominating a candidate for Senator
from the District. A notice will bo found in
another column calling upon the citizens of
the First Senatorial District, to appoint dele
gates to this Convention.
The Charleston New*.— This sheet bus
been enlarged. In the form of a double
*b«< t it has new charms for the patronage ol
1U uuni( -'tous suppers, which its enterprising
L • '’btiejors well deserve. Wo wish it every
m' 1 k ’ now ruu,,lu h dally between
ladmettn. . ■“ U,u '° o It arrives in Mil
TBI SAtIOXAL rtfilUCBS.
Id the remarks we have made our object
ha* been principally expository, uuder the
separate head* ol Currency, Revenue, |Publie
Debt and Taxation. With the view to the
inote intelligent comprehension of these
topics, iu AmJt mutual connexion, we present
,o abstract aud recapitulation of those re
marks— V*rre*cg. There is but one mode that
a paper currency issued in excess admits of.
being restored to a level of value with gold !
and silver aa circulating medium, and that is
l»y a reduction of its volume. We have stated
hat in this process some regaid must be bad
to the amount ot taxation, and to the exist
ing scale of prices. With the receipts from
internal taxes amounting on the daily average
to one million of dollars, and with gold at a
premium of 47 per cent, indicating a eorces
,.undent advance in the range of prices gtn
j traiiy, it would be Impossible, except in the
1 most gradual manner, to resume specie-pav
oiems. A too sudden resumption would be
attended by tbe disturbance of all pecuniary
Pir»l, as to taxes. If wa continue to coi
led nom tbe people one million of dollars
pel- day in taxes, and contract the cuirulicy
as to bring the paper to a level oi value
with gold, it would seem impracticable lor
the poople to pay Uicir taxes. Large quanti
fies of property must come uuder execution
for their payment.
As regards the geueral range ot prices,
they continue from 40 to 50 per cent beyoud
the gold Blaudard. Ail pecuniary contracts
have been adjusted according to the existing
scalo of values. Engagements could uot be
met with prices reduced from 40 to 50 per
cent. Pauic, collapse, bankruptcy must fol
low. With a paper currency depreciated
only 25 per cent during the war of 1812, the
banks were uot able to resume specie pay
ments before 1817, having suspended iu 1813,
and then not without great pecuniary em
barrassment, from the reaction ot high to
Besides in connecting prices with tho state
of tho currency regard is not bad, as we be
fore stated, to tbe various forms of credit,
such as promissory notes, bills of exchange,
hook debts, Ac. Ac., iu their iuflueuce ou
It is only ou this principle—the influence
of credit ou prices tbe fact admits of explana
liou, that wiule at periods in the history ot
Euglaud in wbtfcb there was great extension
of credit, -leading to its übuse, the notes of
the Bauk of England have, uot only not un
dergone diminution, hut have increased,
with a fall of prices iu tbe one case, aud a
rise ot prices in the other. The source of
this evil has been tbu too tree use of deposits.
Tbe suspension of specie payments iu the
United States iu 1857 arose horn the same
cause—tbe too true use of their deposits by
the New York banks, the extension of tbe
system of credit, and tbe consequent ad
vance of prices. So it would be with the Na
tional banks if not restrained.
Unless, therefore, the Secretary of the Trea
sury can devise some plan by which the Na
tional banks can be restrained from a too
tree use of their deposits they will be an ob
! htacle to the resumption ot specie payments,
j They will hold out inducements to saccula
tion and keep up the price of gold, 1 1 com
mon with that in commodities generally.
Mr. James Gallatin, the President of the
New York National bank, in his report as
Chairman of the Committee appointed by
New Y’ork banks to consider the subject of
Central Redemption notices the inclination
of the Nutioual banks towards the too tree
use of deposits, inviting them by offeriug de
positors interest, and calls on the Secretary
of the Treasury to uso his influence in check
ing such abuse. Now as little interference
as possible with the administration of banks
generally is a sound piinciple of policy, but
the National baukg were instituted with a
special view to the control of the currency.
Congress has limited their issues to three
hundred millions of dollars, and compelled
them to deposit public securities with tho
treasury as among tile necessary means of
that control, but to modify the act making
provision against that other form of abuse,
the use of deposits is no less necessary.
Any improper interference would be an
aggravation of tho evils of an irredeemable
paper currency. Still interference to a cer
tain extent is both necessary and aalutary.
It might be Inexpedient, for example, was
the Secretary of the Treasury to place gold
on tbu market as the most certain mode to
restrain an advance in its price. Speculation
by such means might be checked, and infla
tion prevented, but at the same time, as ob
served by Mr. Gallatin, the chock would be
removed against the rise of the premium on
foreign bills, aggravating the evils of an
unfavorable foreign exchange. Still it would
be a legitimate exercise of the authority
given to the Secretary of the Treasury, under
the act organizing tlie National banks, if a
wholesome chick were placed on those
hanks by a modification of the act restrain
ing them, not only from exceeding a certain
limit to tbeir issues, but from giving interest
tor deposits, and by that means so extending
the line of their discounts as to produce
extended credit and inflation of prices.
The other topics, Revenue, Public debt
and Taxation are so blended that it is
scarcely possible to separate them, except in
theory. The revenue of the United Status
consisted to but an inconsiderable extent, be
fore the war of internal taxation. It now
constitutes much the largest portion of that
revenue, and the only question for the finan
cier is the relative advantages of the two sys
tems of direct Hnd indirect taxation, except
it be the equal distribution of the burden.
In relation to the first of these questions the
constitution must be amended, as we have
stated, before indirect taxation can be made
a source of revenue, an object much more
important than the amendment of that in
strument abolishing slavery, it having been
in fact abolished by all the States.
Let us then suppose the Constitution
amended, permitting Congress to assess and
collect any portion of the revenue from the
exports. We have only to apply the prin
ciple enunciated by us, that taxes, whether
direct or indirect, fall on the producer or
cousumer in accordance with the law of de
mand and supply. If export duties should
be made to take the place of import duties,
generally, a considerable part of our reveuue
may be raised from our exportable products.
Nearly all those products are scarce in
foreign countries, particularly cottoo and
tobacco—in other words the supply greatly
fulls short of the demand.
As regards the probably amount to be raised
by export duties we can only reach the resu t
by distant approximation. It is our impres
sion that it would be considerable. Let ns
suppose that export duties should not ex
ceed one-third ot our estimated expenditure,
should that expenditure not be reduced be’
low three hundred millions ol dollars, au
nuuliy, the largest proportion of the revenue
we now raise by internal taxation, could be
derived from duties on exports. Such duties
would fall almost exclusively on the foreign
cousutut-is of our agricultural products in the
ratio that the demand exceded the supply,
As regwa,, our system of internal taxation,
.■ “ would enable Congress to
WlUl 8 Ur K u “bare of the direct,
hi*o. source of revenue to the
i»u*. and Municipalities.
cou lames'with . N “ 0KO Voluhtskm.—ln ao
toruev UeuerJl °P lnion °‘ ll ‘* At '
Wa.b y d°e < &u l R C l 0 “R tro, i er "i
volunteer* shall he placed on the../ U |“ rU , and
Ing with while Midler* lu regwd to
•od paymasters are losuuetcj u> nIrXSL
accordingly TbU declMoni wVuVJE
SSSaT te “ l *™» “SK.
—On Oct. KUh the people of Mobile were
great ly excited by a report that Jeff. Davis
hod effi (led bis escape I rum Fortress Mou-
I roe - „ „
| The J lon. Caleb Cushing leaves lor Eu
i rope (Mi the Ist, oh an impoi taut (•overnmeut
j —The colored people of Indiana are iu
I convention at iudiauapo is. One hundred
and fitly delegates were present, represent
ing nearly ail the counties in the State.
—Gen. Grant’s report of the closing scenes
of the war has been completed and submit- 1
ted to tbe War Department, but it is not j
probable that it will be published until the ‘
opening of Congress.
Rev. W. W Robison, a pastor of tbe j
M. E Conference, died at Columbus, Ga.,ou |
tbe 24th alt., ot Congestive chills.
A heavy robbery was committed at j
Columbus on tbe 23d ult. upon the store of
Cooper & Crawford. The safe, containing
s4oo iu currency, some silver and other val
uables was carried off bodily.broken open and
Brigadiei General Grosvenor, com
manding at Augusta, went to bis borne in
Ohio recently and is now ou bis way back to
Augusta. He was defeated for a seat in tbe
Senate of Ohio.
Wendell Phillips is New York —The
N. Y. Herald, of the 21st ult., says:
Tbe Cooper Institute was crowded last
evening by an audience assembled to hear
Mr. Wendell Phillips re-deliver bis Boston
lecture on tbe “South Victorious.” He was
attentively listened to and frequently ap
plauded, save iu one instance, where, hear
ing hard upon President Johnson and bis
plan of reconstruction, lie drew forth a
stormy manifestation of disapproval. This
was, however, overcome by the applause and
j cheers of the majority. With this exception
i nothing interrupted the hHrtnony of tho
meeting Mr. Seward’s speech at Auburn
and Mr. Beecher’s late sermon were both se
verely crilicised and condemned.
Tbe Tribune says:
Wendell Phillips lectured characteristical
ly in Cooper Institute last evening, giving
forcible utterance to many pungent truths,
yet saying much that is unwise, and some
things that are not true. Bearing in mind
that in 1860 he Called Mr. Lincoln “the Illi
nois slave-bouud,” aud would, had his ad
vice been ioliowed by all who are earnest
anti-Slavcry, have elected a Democrat in
18G0, and McClellan in 1664, we think his
counsels should be well weighed before they
are followed, even hy those who admire his
genius, enjoy bis eloquence, and have laith
in his desire to be right.
Asoriii.ii Fewale or the Rostrum.—A
Sirs. Hoffman, described as “an elderly lady
who wears ringlets,” essayed a few days
since at Metropolitan Hall, New Yolk, to
discuss “the Diatna and ils influence, Wo
men’s Rights, &e.” She was particularly
sweet upon the theatrical profession, claim
ing that the surest way to make the stage
pernicious aud immoral Was to denounce it.
Iu proof of which she mentioned the humble
origin of several well known actors and
Barney Williams, she said, was a regular
“dock walloper; “Forrest was an errand
boy ; Charlotte Cushman was a sewing girl;
another actor was a pill-maker; Laura
Keene was a pretty waiter girl in a saloon in
London, and could make a gin cocktail as
well as any one. She mentioned the origtml
occupation of several other prominent actors
and actresses, which wi re of a kindred char
acter to those mentioned above. The lecturer
described how Adam and Eve were thed
ogee, and hand in hand and arm in arm, lay
down upon the sand, and in this condition
were visited, first by the archangel Michael,
and afterwards by the devil.
An Italian Delegation interceding fob
Jefferson Davis. —On the 21«i inst. an
Italian Committee, all of whom were resi
dents of New York, waited on President
Johnson, in order to present ltis Excellency
a petition which had been sent them hy it
Committee in Milon, who have for their ob
ject the "Abolition of Capital Punishment.”
The petition asks for Executive clemency in
the case of Jeff. Davis, aud says : We can
not understand why tlie American Uniou
should be less sure either of its greatness or
its integrity, if, to so much bloodshed duriug
the war, this one drop more, coldly spilled
in peace, should be added. Davis from his
scaffold would say : “Theu I make you
tremble.’’ The President was exceedingly
surprised on becoming aware of tlie uuture
of’he document, which bore the signatures
nf three huudrtd and seventy-three individu
als, among whom was Oeu. G.trrihuidi.
Organized Resistance to Taxation.—A
correspondent, writing from Clearfield, Pa.,
tells a very doubtful story about an organ
ized band, who iuleud to resist the bounty
tiX in that State. “It is uothing,” he says,
‘to sec trom SO to 1(H) men drilling in the
woods, and they are all armed with Spencers
and sixteen shooters, navies and sabres. It
is their intention to burn the buildings of ail
those who had anything to do with laying
on the bounty tux.” He says further, that
he knows of “two powder mills in the woods
in this county, and they are going to carry
tbethingona big serin." The first thing
they intend doing is to “cipture Petersburg
and get the artillery there.”
Thk Bishop of Arkansas and his Sinolb
Prk&bvtek. —The Bishop of Arkansas, now
si.ting In the House of Bishons at Philadel
phia,lias but one presbyter in that State. The
spectacle presented when the diocesan con
vention of Arkansas is held—the Bishop pre
siding and the priest officiating as Secretary
and convention —recalls the story of the ser
vice which Dean Swift conducted, where lie
had liis clerk for audience ; the Dean, in no
wise disconcerted, beginning the office thus:
"Dearly beloved brother Roger! The
Scripture moveth its iu sundry places to ac
knowledge and confess our manitold sins
and wickedness,' &c.
A fellow recently decamped from a Phila
delphia hotel without going through the
usual formula of payiug his board bill, when
the landlord, iearniug the whereabouts of
tbe delinquent, sent him the following note :
“Mr. Dear Sir: Will you please send
amouut of your bill, and oblige,” Ac. To
which the wretch promptly made answer:
“The amouut is eighty "dollars, sixty-two
aud a-half cents. Yours, respectfully.”
Anxious to see it. —There is said to be
now in this city, two gentlemen, one of them
a former Conlederale Brigadier Ueneral, who
came all the way troth their homes, a dis
tance of oue hundred and seventy miles, for
the express purpose of seeing the Circus.
The General denies the putposeof his coin
ing, bat his compauiou owns up. Poor fel
lows ; the war has passed sorely cm them.
Wonder if they have auy spellin’ books. —
Atlanta New Era.
Should an Amnesty Oath he Stamped.—
The United States Assessors at Atlanta, Ga.,
asks Commissioners of Internal Revenue
whether the certificate ol an officer to the
amnesty oath of an ex-rebel should be stamp
ed. The commissioner decides that such
certificate, whether the oath be taken before
a civil or military officer, requires a stamp,
which should be caucellcd by the persou
taking the oath.
Litkbamy.— Nutliauiel Hawthorne lull sev
eral volumes of the every-day record of Ills
file, which are now being put in order for
publication lu the Atlantic Muulhly. The
first Instalment will appear In the January
number, under the head of “Pamage* from
Hawthorne's Diary." The Journal begin*
with hi* College day*, aud ia wild to be very
full duriug the period* of bis residence at
Brook firm and Concord. Ilia foreign
diary ia tlao very complete.
FI.VAVfIIL 4_\D COMMEKfIiL*
'& ‘ - •
[From nor own correspondent.
N’k* YoftK, ( c -*>« o'clock p. m.
Aahrj.—i lit* market J 4 quiet but MUnuiy lur both
i kJu i» Mi a i hu tor Pot*. and 26 Jor Pearl*
KioL’fl, arc.—Tlie uiuikei ’or WcaUsni au«J Mute
i Flour u quite ami uu<ler fre< cfi>itaj(» prices are 10
? * 25c lower on all itr<t<Je» elomugfery dull, the de*
• »aufi m couffnerf to the home trade. The sates are
e» .40 hlils at #7 40 a 7 90 tor bupeiflue State ; $7 90*
:> jo for Extra Mete; for Fancy Suite ;
iso*, ufcso fyr the, low of Western Extra ;
st* 75 a* vo lor Shipping Onto sjoo a 1 75 for Trade
<xi,u r aiAiilj hrauds, au-i slll oo a 10 uu for St. Louts
Extras. siiAsill leu* jo a £oc higher.
HlUk w UfcAT PLot'K is quiet at $4 CO & 5 to per 100
j u.naiman Flock Is inactive and blO c* l>wer.—
| Miles oi Ido bn.* u( $7 95 a s> it for tile low grades of
| ttklfk, aud $-<4oall /j tor Trade and Family Fx
boiTdFUN Fl 'i a is easier ami the demand ia v£r>
} limned. Sules o i uso bids at 25 alO oo lor mixed
| to good Superhuc Country Baltimore, Ac., and $lO 20
ja i6 for Trade ami Family brands.
Ryjc Fi.oi k is dull and heavy at $7 oo a 7 60.
o>kn iiKAL is heavy and inactive.
WiibsKr. y.—Tiiti mai kei opened heavy and closed
firm hut q ue . sales of 75 bbis at $2 33> a lor Drudge,
ami $2 34 x, lor W* stern.
Chain.—The Wheat market Is dull, buyers gener
ally noli hug oil lor further advices. In the uoseuse
of liberal arrivals however, the market closes
steady, i lie sales are 14,00 j bushels ul $1 43 lor un
sound Chicago; spring ; s>l 75 for new Milwaukee
ItAHi.EY is firm but q liet. Sales 4,000 bushels:
choice Canada i.ast $1 20 ; 12,000 buahels, State sllO
a 1 IS*. *
Baklky Malt is quiet but steady.
Oats are iu fair dt-maml at full former rates. The
suit s a»e vO.tou bushels; Canadian at 54>i*5f.c; West
ern at o7e ; state at W} 3 a 57c ; Unsound at 46 a. 2 T l .
UYfc is quiet and steady. Sales 4,‘XO bushels Cana
dian at $1 20.
Corn is firmer, particularly unsound grale. c . 'Hie
demand is fair, nte sales are 8,0 0 bushels; Un
sound 80 a 830 : Western Mixed at U); Do YeHuw at
s2 a t3.
Provisions.—The pork market luts l>eeu fairly ac
tive but at lower and irregular prices, closing dull.—
The saief, cash and regular, are 6,(M O bbls at s3i U)
u 33 50 loi Mess, closing $33 37 S ; $2825 a 28 7® West
ern Prune Mess.
Beef is qmei and nominally unchanged, though
any disposition to realize would produce a decline,
bale ol 4 0 bbis at sll 50 a 1500 ior plain Mesa ; sl4 oo
a sl7 50 ior extra do; small lots $lB oo; $0 00 al2 cO
lor Si ale Deef.
Beef is quiet and firm at sls Qj for India
iJKLP 11 Aiis are in fair deuiuud ami firm at S3O oo
for Western on spot, and $37 U 0 to arrive.
CTT Meats are inegtilar.
. Bacon is lower. Sales of 2ro boxes Cumberland
Cut sellers’ option January at 17 \*.
Dressed Hons are rather easier. The quality of the
receipts is very poor. We quote at 1U ulbSc for In
leiior ami a forpiune City.
Lako is sternly aud fairly active at 26 a 23 for City,
and 27 a 29 for Western.
Tallow.—The market Is dull and lower, closing at
about a 14cfor Western, ami 14 aU^ciorCUv.
Dittkk.—choice grades of all kinds have met
witii a good demand, and being very scarce, prices
are 3 a 5c per lb better, closing firm. The demand is
principally from the Eastern and local trade. In
ferior western sells slowiy. us low as 33c. We quote
Ohio and Western at 33 a 36c. Western Reserve 36
a 40c. Slate firkins and tubs 42 a 48c.; do. Welsh
Tubs 42 a 44c. Orange County pails 5S a 6Jc, and
extra do. 65c.
Cheksl— Factory made cheese of prime qnality
continues in fair demand aud prices are firm. State
dairies sell well at full previous figures. English
dairy is In better request aud higher. Pineapple has
also advanced and closes firm. We quote Factory
If, 1 * a 18c ; prime do choice do. 19c. state
dairies i7 a iso. and choice do. 1&. 1 *; English Duffy
Cotton—The firmness noticed in our Thursday’s
report was not sustained, and ou friday a weak
feeling was noticeable. The market closes to-day
dull ami somewhat nominal at 55 a 56 for low
midt lings aid 57 a 58c (for midd.iugs. Sales of three
days aitout 14,000 bales. Receipt* 6,900 bales.
UoPFE*.—The inquiry for Rio continues very fair
and prices, though no i#?gher. arc extremely firm.
We quote Rio prime at 22 a 23c; do. good 21 y n u
22C ; do fair 2o a 20f*c ; do. ordinary 18*, a 19c., and
do hur to good cargoes 19 a 21c, mi cash gold duty
paid. Prime cargoes of new Km Have sold in bond at
I6>*c goid. iu other (leHcrkpMons there is very lit
tle doing, tlie only transactions worthy of note being
sale of Java to arrive, at 290. gold. „
Molasses. —The business is still confined to small
jobbiug lo s taken by the trade, itut as the stock Is
sni ill holders remain firm at full previous figures.
We quote Cuba Muscovado in hhds. at 65 a 75c and
St* a osc iu bids. Cuba Clayed 50 a 55c. English
island <0 a soe, and Porto Rico 95 a 116.
Rice. — file market is extremely dull and prices
for tire present cannot be considered nominal.
8i <iaks—The busneas in raw sugars is confined to
a f w hundred hh >s per day, aud on the sales made
p ices are again® nuewliat easier. The principal hol
der now over eviucj very little weakness,and in many
instances refuse to operate, except at prices, >*c
aoove present rates. We therefore quote only nomi
nally at i:;*; a 14c for fair to good refining. R. fined
are dud and heavy Ctf about 20>tf a 20H for powdered
granulated and crushed.
r iiLiL—The market opened at 145 has slightly
advanced aud closes at 145
HEADQHS. MILITARY DIVISION)
OF THE TENNESSEE, -
Nashville, Tenn., Sept. 2‘Jth, 1865.)
General Order, >
No. 32 )
All sales made by Hie United States through
the proper officers, to private parties either
or horses, mules or other property, are here
by declared valid aud the title thereto* in
disputable. Citizens making purchases of
such property must not be molested by the
civil authority iu the possession of the same;
and all suits or ttcaou peudiug in the civil
courts, either for the properly itself or its
money value, will be set aside aud consid
ered of no force or effect.
Tbe Government of the United States is
responsible for any and all property seized
for military purpose, aud any damage result
ing to private citizens tbereirom is of tbe
same nature as other claims for damage, and
will be submitted for adjudication j to the
proper authorities at Washington.
By commaud of
Major Gen. Thomas.
Win. D. Whipple, Asst. Adj’t. Gen.
Clark H. Remick, Capt. and Provost
Marshal, District of Savannah.
nov 2 2t
HEAD’QUS SUB-DIST. OF OGEECHEE, (
Savannah, Ga , Oct. 28, 1865. )
General Orders, No. 32, dated Head"
quarters, Sub-District of Ogeecbee, Savan
nah, Georgia, Sept. 27th, 1805, is hereby
modified to read as follows, viz :
Ist. Oue (I) per cent, per auuum on valua
tion of all Real Estate iu the city limits (ex
cepting unimproved lots.)
2d. One half (1-2) per cent, on gross sales
of merchandise, (including sales of liquor*,)
3d. One-tenth (1-10) percent, on gross sales
4th. One (1) per cent, on all commissions
derived from auy business transaction (other
than sales of merchandise) by any Factor,
Auctioneer, Broker, Forwarding, Shipping,
or Coutmissiou Merchant.
sth. Oue (1) percent, on all incomes of
88 33-100 dollars and upwards per month,
derived from Salaries, Trades, Professions,
6th. One (1) per cent on gross receipt of
any business transactions not included iu the'
above sections of this circular.
AH taxes called for by this circular for the
month of October 1865, will be paid to the
Receiver of City Taxes, prior to the 15th day
ot Nov. 1865. Any person neglecting to
comply with the requirements of this Circu
lar, will be subject to a tine.
By command of
Brev. Major Gen. J. M. BRANNAN.
Wm. T. Easton, Capt. aud Tax Receiver.
oct 30 3t
Blankets 1 Flannels.
CLOTHS AND CASSIMERES
BLEACHED AND BLOWN SHIRTINGS
DAMASK TABLE CLOTHS
FRENCH MERINOES AND ALAPACA9.
Received mut for talc cheap by
"ct'.'J 174 Broughton ■ tract.
NEW VARIETY STORE.
Jr BEG kMive l*inform the LmUUm oi Huvummli, auJ
l public gvii«ii«ll.v, that 1 am now offering a long*
and)'ot* I moon went of
Hugh* Tiluimliig, Dr«**a Mid (Monk Ornament*
Cord* and black mid colors* Velvets, DMR
Laa**. Fluted and Plain Ribbwoa,
Ho«tery, Ac., elm* n largt* a**ortnniut of Hoop Nkiitw,
each m Trull* lied hhepe, to which 1 tuvtte
the attention of tbe Udk*. and public Mcutnuly
Call and compare rood* and prioos, at
IMAM) h. OOMCN.
dtftl lw Ml* Atootgirta* «,
| ikcial xonen.
UATCHLIOR’S HAIR DVB !
Tbe Original and Ifcnt iu tb« Wurid! The only true
uai parfm Uftlr I (ye. ll.nr.tau. Bcliabtr and I n.lan
taaeoiu. Pruduu. inMiie..;.te.y a .piendul Ulatk or
salary Bruwu, without Injuring the ku or .Riu.
Kemeaie. tbe ill effect, of bid d><*. 8 >ld by ail Drutf
trlaia. Tbe Reuaiue u atgaed VVillUta A. U.tc hdor.
KKU£\KRATIN() EXTRACT OF MILI.tKLKURK,
Por Riutorfno und ttc the Hair.
aul4-ly CUAiiLKS HATCHKLOLI, Naw Vou.
A FIIVSIOLOIIK AL View or HAKBIUIK
Contulcimi? nearly 300 pipe., and 13b due Plates
and Engravings of the Anatomy of the Human Or*
gatis in a state of Health amt Disease, with a Trea
tise on K;i rlv Errors, Its Deplorable Consequences
upon tbe aitnd and Body, with tlie Author’s Plau of
Treatment—the only rational and successful mode of
cure, as shown by the report of cases treated. A
truthful adviser to tlie married, tind those contem
plathiK marriage, who entertain doubt* of their phys
ical condition. Sent free of postage to any address,
on receipt of -J5 cents, in stamps or postage currency,
by addressing Dr. LA CKOIX, No. 31 Malden Lane,
Albany, N. V.
The author may be consulted upon any of the dis
eases upon which his booh treats either personally or
by mail, and medicines sent to any part of tbe world.
octlO cm .
MARRIAGE AND CELIBACY.
An Essay of Warning and Instruction for Young
men, just published hy the Howard Association, aud
sent in sealed letter envelopes free of charge.
Addrew Dr. J. SKILLIN HOUGHTON, Howard
AMociatiiTu, Philadelphia, Pa. octl2-3m
S. T.— lß6o— x.
Drake’s Plantation Bitters*
They purify, strengthen aud invigorate.
They create a healthy appetile.
They are au antidote to change of w ater and diet.
They overcome effects of dissipation and late hours.
They strengthen the system and enliveu the mind.
They prevent miasmatic aud intermittefit fevers.
They purify the breath aud acidity of the stomach.
They cure Dyspepsia and Constipation.
They cure Diarrhoea, Cholera and Cholera Morbus.
They cure Liver Complaint and Nervous Headache.
They urethe best Ditters iu the wurld. They make
tbe weuk strong, and are exhausted nature's great re
storer. They are made of pure St. Croix Hum, the
< elebrated Caliaaya ybark, roots and herbs, and are
taken with the pleasure of a beverage, without regard
to age or time of day. . Particularly recommended to
delicate persons requiring a gentle stimulant. Sold by
ail Grocers, Druggists, Hotels aud Saloons. Only gen
uine when Cork is covered by our private C. S. Stamp.
Beware of counterfeits aud refilled bottles.
P. H DRAKE & CO.,
oetis-eodly 21 Pork Row, New York.
Agua de Magnolia.
A tollot delight ! The ladieb' treasure and gentle
men’a boon! The ’’sweetest thing’’ and hugest quan
tity. Manufactured from tbe rich Southern Magnolia.
Used for bathing the face and person, to render the
sklu soft ana fresh, to prevent eruptions, to perfume
It overcomes the unpleasant odor of perspiration.
It removes redness, tan, blotches, <&c.
It cures nervous headache and allays inflammation.
It cools, softens and adds delicacy to the skin.
It yields a subdued and lasting perfume.
It euros mosqneto bites and stiugs of insects.
It contains no material injurious to tho skin.
Patronized by Actresses ttnd Opera Singers. It is
what every lady should have. Sold everywhere. Try
the Magnolia Water once aud you will use no other
Cologne, Perfumery, or Toilet Water afterwards.
DAMAS BARNES & CO.,
oct27-eodly Props, Exclusive Agents, N. Y.
We have learned not to be astonished ut anything.
Years of experience and a correspondence extending
throughout all nationalities of the habitable globe
have turned theories into facts and established a basis
trom which we need not err. We are not surprised
at such sects as the following -although the persons
who write them are. We Know the persons and cir
cumstances, hence feel at liberty to indorse their
“New Bedford, Mass., Nov. ‘24, 18C3.
Dear Sir,—l have been afflicted many years with
severe prostrating cramps in my limbs, cold feet aud
handstand a general disordered system. Physicians
and medicines failed to relieve me. While visiting
Some friends in New York who were using Plantation
Bitters, they prevailed upon me to try them. 1 com
menced with a small wine-glassful after dinner. Feel
ing better by degrees, in a tew days I was astonished
to llud the coldness und cramps httd entirely left me,
und I could sleep the night through, which I have not
done for years. I feel luce another being. My appe
tite and strength have also greatly improved by me
use of the Plantation Bitters.
Respectfully, Judith Russel. 0
K ecus u lily, Wis., Sept. 16, 1863.
• • • I have been in the army hospitals for four
teen months—speechless and nearly dead. At Alton,
111., they gave me a bottle ot* Plantation Bitters. * *
Three bottles restored my speech and cured me. * *
C. A. Fladti,"
The following is from the Manager of the Union
Home School lor the Children of Volunteers:
‘ llaveui’.ykb Mansion, 571 b St, >
New York, August ‘2, 1863. j
Dr. Dbakr Your wondcrlul Plantation Hitters
have been given to some of our little children guttering
from weakness and weak lungs with most happy
effect. One little girl in particular, with paius in her
head, loss of appetite, and daily wasting consumption,
on whom all medicul skill had been exhausted, lias
been entirely restored. We commenced with but a
teaspoonful ot Bitters a day. Her uppetite und
strength rapidly increased, and she is now well.
Respect! ally, Mrs. O. M. Dev ox."
**• * • I owe much to you, for I verily believe
thttSPlautution Billers have saved my life.
Rev. Ws H. Waoooner,
Madrid, N. Y.
• • • * Thou wilt send me two bottles more of
thy Plantation Bitters. My wife has been greatly
bouettltd l-y their use.
Thy friend, Asa Cubrin,
“* “ * I have been a great sufferer from Dyspop
sia. and had to übundou preaching. * " The Plan
tatiou Bitters have cured me.
Rev. J. S. Catiiokn,
Rochester, N. Y."
* 1 have giveu the Plantation Bitters to
hundreds of our disabled soldiers with the most as
G. W. D. Andrews,
Superintendent Soldiers’ Heme, Cincinnati, U. ? *
*" • • The Plantation bitterß have cured me of
Liver Complaint, of which I was laid up prostrate,
aud had to abannou my bu*ine*s.
H. I*. Kingsley, Cleveland, Ohio."
• * The Plantation Bitters have cured me of
a derangement of the Kidneys and Urinary Organs
that has distressed me for yeurs. It acts like a charm.
C. C. Moose, Ns. ‘264 Broadway."
JtC.; Ac., Ac., Ac.
The Plantation Bitters make the weak strong, the
languid brilliuut, aud are exhausted nature's great re
storer. They are composed of the celebrutod Calisaya
Bark, Wmtergrecu, Sassafras, Roots, Hei be, Ac., all
preserved in perfectly pure bt. Cioix Rum.
S. T. —IM6-X.
Persons of sedentary habits, troubled with weak*
ness, lassitude, palpitation of the heait, luck of appe
tite, distress after eating, torpid liver, constipation,
Ac., deserve to suffer if they will not try them.
They are recommended by the highest medical au
thorities, and are warranted to product 8 on immediate
beneficial effect. They are exceedingly ugrceahle,
perfectly pure, and harmless.
Nonas.— Auy person pretending to soil Plantation
Bitters lu bulk or by the gallon Is a swindler nud im
postor It is put up only in our log cabin bottle. Bo
wars of bottles refilled with Imitationdstcteriou* stuff,
t*r which several persou* are already in prlaon. Hoe
that every bottle has our l ulled Btatea stamp over the
cork uoiuutdated, and our signature op steel-pinle
Mold by respectable dealers throughout Uie habitable
p. u mam) * go,
wait-Mu wv Broad way* W. Y,
! The frWndUMl acquuntance of Mr. and Mr*. Ry*«
*ad family ar» tnvHed to attend tb* funeral of her
Father. BERNARD FL4HAKTY, from their reap
, lienee on Sl Gall -rreet, 11,1. Afternoon, at half pant
Tbe friend* and acquaintance* of Mr. RICHARD
BOUKKE aud family are reepevlfully in* iled lo attend
tile funeral of the foi mer, from bta late rvshtence ou
Ho belts atraet. Tin* Aflcrhpwu. at 3 ’»o'clock.
SvUmon’s Lodge No. 1, A. F. M.
A A Regular Communication of this Lodge wiil
held Thi* (Thursday) Evening, at 7 o'clock.
A fail attendance is requested.
Visiting Brethren are respectfully invited to at
tend. By order of
RICHARD T. TURNER, W. M.
J. Holbrook Esiill, Secretary. nov2
BRYAN, HARTRIDGE &. CO..
Bbyan Sthot, mxxt to Mkkouamts’ and Plantces'
E roller and Commission Agents
FOR SALK AND PUBCUASS OT
STOCKS BANS NOTES, PRODUCE, &c.,
And for Porwardiug Cotton.
Fordyce, tAnderson & Janney,
Brokers aud General Commission merchants,
NO. 10 STODDARD’S RANGE,
Dealers in Specie, Southern Bank Note-, Bonds and
Stocks, Exchange on the Northern cities, Augusta and
Ch .rleatoa, bought and sold Liberal advances made
ou consigmne nte to our correspondents at the North.
Refer to Third National Bank, Messrs, beebe, Keech
A Cos., Messrs. Merchant JL Carman, Messrs ilall A
liuckell. New York; Mcs-sis. Carman, Merchant A
Si.aw, Philadelphia; Messrs. Wm. Lamping A Cos.,
Messrs. U. H. ireese A Bros., Baltimore ; Messrs. R.
Habersliam A Sons, Messrs. Hunter A Uammell. Mr.
Geo. W. Anderson, Mr. U. B. Lamar, bavaunaii.
Convention ot the First Senato
THE Citizens of the counties of Chatham, Bryan
and Kflinghain are requested to appoiut Delegates
to a Convention to be held oti Weduesuay, the Blh
-November iust., at No. 2, Central Railroud, for tbe
purpose of nominating a candidate for Senator of said
Senatorial District. nov2
To the Destitute.
A COMMITTED of Ladies will soon visit the homes
of the poor, auit, iu cases of extreme want, will
issue Free Clothing Tickets, while there, aud only then.
No culls at the homes of the Committee hy applicants
will beofauyptvail. Per order ul Cuminiuee.
IN my not ice yesterday I did not lm-au to attach the
slightest blame to Megan*. Rogers & Cann, and 1
iully exonerate them in the whole matter. 1 com-ider
Messrs. Del Banco & Carberry alone guilty of the
charge. The Whipple was not of the Anchor Line, of
which Messrs. Rogers & Cann are the Agents.
nov2 1 F. BROWN.
rpHB undersigned have this day associated them-
X selves together tor the purpose of transacting a
General Grocery, Forwarding aud Commission Busi
ness, under the name and style of Holcombe A Cos., at
the old stand, No. ISI Bay street.
F. M. HULL.
Savannah, Nov. Ist, 1866. nov2
The Screven House
THIS commodious and elegant Hotel is offered for
rent. It has capacity for 100 Bod Rooms, in addi
tion to Dining Rooms, Bailors, Ac. It is situated iu
the business portion of tbs city. For particulars and
terms apply to
uov2-2W BRYAN, HARTRIDoE A CO.
G 7 B &GW. LAMAR,
General Cos Mission Merchants,
Forwarding and Skipping Agents,
NO. 9‘4 bAYSTREET', (upstairs )
Refer to Geo. W. Anderson, Juo C. Ferrel and G. P.
Lamar, Savarnish; w. E Jackson. Josiah Sitiley A
Sons, J. B. AJ. W. Walker, Augu-Ha. Consignment,
AT T. Nugent’s S«*loon, comer of Bull and Bryan
streets, a good Oyster Man. 1 -nov2
Just Received and for sale on
OA BBLS. Old Virgtuia Mountain Dew Whiskey
25 I-oxes English Dairy Cheese
. 20 tubs Choice N. Y Suite Butter
10 firkins Prime Western Butter.
CUNNINGHAM A PURSE, <
UOV2-3’ No. 4 btoddard’s Lower storeß.
GEORGIA— CHATHAM COUNTY.—To all whom it
Whereas John Cooper will apply at the Court of Or
dinary for Letters of Administration on the estate of
James B. Norris, deceased,
These are, therefore, to cite and admonish all whom
it may concern, to be and appear before a rid Court to
make objection (if any they have) on or before the
first Mouday in December next, otherwise said letters
will be granted.
Witness my hand and official signature, this 17th day
of October, R 65. D. A. O’BYRNE, #
GEORGIA— CHATHAM COUNTY.-To all whom it
may concern :
Whereas James E. Cope will apply at the Court of
Ordinary for Letter? Dismlssory as Administrator on
the estate of James C. Thompson, late of said county,
These are, therefore, to cite and admonish all whom
it may concern to be and appear before said Court to
make objection (if auy they have) on or before the first
Monday in May next, otherwise said letters will be
Witness my hand and official signature this 26th day
of October, 1865. D A. O'BYRN K,
nov‘2-lam6m Ordinary 0. C.
i^TATE~OF GEORGIA, CHATHAM COUNTY.—To
all whom it may concern:
Whereas, Endora S. Abrahams will apply at the
Court of Ordinary for Letters Dihinissory as Adminis
tratrix on the Estate of Jacob M. Abrahams, deceased.
These are, therefore, to cite and admonish all whom
it may conbein, to be and appear before said Court to
make objection (if uny they have) on or before the
first Mouday in May next, otherwise said letters will
Witness, inyofficiul signature, thi9 30tH day of Oc
tober, 1866. D. A. O’BYRNE,
nov‘2 o. c. o.
STATE OF GEORGIA, CHATHAM COUNTY.-To
all whom it may concern :
Whereas, Martha A. Cannon will apply at the Court
of Ordinary tor Letters of Administration on the es
tate of Charles Canuon, late of said comity deceased.
These are, therefore, to cite and admonish all whom
it may concern, to be and appear before said Coart to
make objection (if any they have) on or before the
first Monday in December next, otherwise said letters
will be granted.
Witness, my hand and official signatare/this 28th
day of Noccmber, 1866.
nov2 DOMINICK A. O’BYRNE, 0.0. o.
JOBBERS and Dealers from all parts of the country
are invited to examine my
which Include,packages containing complete assort
ments, put up expressly for •• Country Trade,"
Goods re- packed to suit purchasers
100 Broughton It., Sd door trom Ball B«.
octlO ts E. D. SMYTH.
Round T*ots, Ovoiih,
Whitaker above rough ton Sis.
J. G.ITHOMPSON * 00.,
Nava n n a i\ Thrutre.
THI R,n.lT KVRhI.Mi, MOV. *.
Tom Taylot’s snuavafal Comedy of
Still Waters Run Deep.
John MUdnuiy Mr. J. T. Raymond
(spt.Haskaley Mr. Theo. Uajuthou
Mrs. tsierubokt Mis-M H Snrd/tn
Mrs. Mildma, '. il&ffoSSSSl
To conclude with the Farce of the
1 ') FREIGHT for Augusta or
Waynesboro. Apply corner Drsyton and
Bay streets, up stairs.
0131-2 F. W. St VS * CO
Offices for Kent,
_oct!6 12* Bay street, opp. Mariner-’ Church.
FOR E. H. 8.-36 W.ls Flour
20 half bbls Flour
9 bbls Crackers
C bbls Apples
6 bbls Eggs
G A W—loo tubs Lard.
If not culled for will be sold for freight and expenses
QCt23 BRIGIIAM, BALDWIN & CO.
<£Q A A MONTH 1 Agents wanted wanted for »ix
entirely new article a just out. Addreas O. T.
GAREY, City Buildiug, Biddelord, Maine,
seplb dA w3m
1 lawk Inn vtllc,
Apply to ' ~
GEO. C. FREEMAN.
FEW THOUSAND DOLLARS,
MECHNIC BANK OF AU&USTA
Eastern Bank of Alabama.
E. F. METCALFE & CO.
octS-tf _ _
J»Q ff A DAY! Agents wanted to .ell anew and
•P —re wonderful SEWING MACHINE, the only
clieap one licensed. Adduces SHAW A CLARK, Bid
deford. Maine. sc’il4-dMv3m
FOR CASH, all the Rags, Old Bagging, and Wast
Paper in the city.
v. WARREN A PLATNER,
sept IS 210 liay-st.
FOU SALE & TO RENT.
A SMALL lot of Prime Western Butter; wili be
sold low to close couslgumeut. '
CUNNINGHAM it PURSE,
non— 2 Mn. 4 Stoddard’s Lower Range
Wood for Sale.
OAK, Pine, Llghtwood constantly on hand and for
sale, at Ferry wharf, under Gi;s House hill, by
ootSO-lw _ _ __ R >!. MYRELL.
ROOMS TO RENT.
airy Furnished Rooms, for single gentlemen,
X for rent with or without board. Auply io
162 Bryan street, between Jefferson and Moutgome
ry streets. 3* novl
I OFFER for Rent next year, ISO", my Rice Place, in
Camden county, da., on tbe Great Satilla River,
known as the “V.rnon Plantation," containing 420
seres of first quality Rice Land, and ulmut 100 acres
of high land, all inperfectorder. Said Plantation has
been cultivated during the war, and therefore requit es
uo extra work to prepare it for a crop the ensuing
Ail the negroes formerly belonging to me are still on
the place and anxious to remain, so there would be
no difficulty in procuring laborers. On the place is a
comfortable dwelling house, together with all the
necessary buildings for tbe accommodation of labor
ers and storiug he crop.
Seed for the coming year, including Rice, Com. Peas,
Sugar C*ne, Sorghum, Cotton, Ac., can be obtained
on the place. For further particulars address the sub
seriberat Wayuesvllle, Wayne county. Ua.
oct3A2m .iAS, F. KING.
Store to Let,
AT HILTON HEAD, S. C.
The light and commodious Stole, corner Merchants'
Row and Palmetto Avenue, to lease for a limited time.
Terms easy. Address
. . W. S. SAMPSON, Jr., Agent,
octlß tr Lock Box E, Hilton Head. 3. C .
rj-oTbe' NT .
LARQJE AND HANDSOMELY
Furnished Rooms To Lei,
1 , • ♦ AT
EABT COB. Os PRICE AND BT. JULIAN BTS.
ROOMS TO LET,
AT HILT&N HEAD, S.C.
The "Palmetto Herald Budding'' having been newly
fitted up, now offer large and airy Rooms suitable tor
Sleeping Apartments or Business porpo.es. For terms
address w s sam psoN, Jr., Agent,
octlß ts Lock Box RJHtitonHeejhjhCL^
Boots and Shoes!
Fellner and Poliak, 1
457 Broughton Street, Savannah, Ga.,
ARE enabled, through their permanent House in
Boston, to fnrniHh Jobbers and Dealers in this
cky a? well as those iu the conntry, with more ad
vantage? and convenience* iu the Boot and Shoe
Trade, than any houae in said line.
174 Broughton Street. 17*
CLOAKS AND SHAWLS, the newest styles,
LADIES’ DRESS GOODS,
. WORSTED SHAWLS AND HOODB,
COI'NTKRPANBS, HOSIERY, Ac.
Just racslved and for sals nt Hi.lowest pries by
ocHII H. HAYM-
ItOfl tjfnld talat*
rn.rt.UwSr JOHN UUNNIM,