; . l-NO. 303.
SAVANNAH, GEORGIA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 10. 1866.
. n ;i, r UnralH You cannot try me under the laws of Caro-
il Uanj HOiaiu lina or of Massachusetts, or of any other
JON A CO.,
;;;;;; juo on.
rip i n o:
of Ten Lines for first in-
ach subsequent one. Ad-
e morning, will, 11 desired,
iiuul extra charge.
i\r Cotton Case.
G. B. LAMAR BEFORE
OF THE ACCISEW
, y Commission engaged upon
■ i B. Lamar, re-assembled
U-iduy, having adjourned on
ti c evidence being all in, un-
i the . equest of the counsel of
to prepare tbe argument
■ )n the assembling of tbe
. u . aday, Mr. Julian Hart-
ie accused, read the plea
the prosecution was made
public proceedings in the
. , finished. We are obliged
ant of the Judge Advocate
, L ia ., c . The following is the
• / (Jeullemen of the Commission:
.uitin which has been made of
■red against me has been
; laborious. Numerous witness-
miued by the prosecution;
. ters, official and private,
leers of tbe Government, or
.. -seizure of private papers,
• i i in your hearing; able couu-
! t 1 the officer ot the Court,
■•I;,;: abilities and experience and
, i■ 'it investigation; the power of
n;, civil aud military, exercised
soldiers. Treasury agents aud detec-
. |, • brought to hear upon the
ml accumulation of evidence
...: the nassof matter accumu-
■\n to so stupendous and for-
.;z<: as almost to render hopeless
i, Mjj n my part to overthrow it.
"myself to the effort lo do so
••ident belief that an unpriju-
tion of the character of the
out against me, and the nature of
ah. used as evidence to condemn
»■. ;lt in a conviction upon the
tin- examiner, that I have been
,.) violation of law, civil or mili-
v iffis, because 1 am assured that
will feel itself bound by those gen
ius of law and justice which lie
: >n of all codes, civil and mil^-
; j.arture from which inflicts in-
. a the individual immediately
1 also, upon the community
. ry. I shall invoke these priu
fence, that the light emanat-
may scatter these dark shad-
huge mass of evidence has
, m to clear myself from the
. against roe I should weary
our patience, remember that
ais case involves for me, all
dear—property, liberty, rep-
hat I may well be excused for
. ertion in my own behalf,
t of inconvenience to others.
. j and specifications against me
.a • diKiact and material accusations
v«t. .st, a conspiracy with other
;o . ,cai cotton from the United States;
or stealing cotton from the
uos; and 3d, a conspiracy with
■ bnlv officers, civil and military, of
.died States, for the purpose of de-
the United States by stealing eer-
•uon in my argument I shall take
• hi: charges in an order different from
which they have been arranged by
veriH jCDt. 1 invite your attention
:ue charge that I have stolen cotton
ihe Government. I do this be-
regard this as the only accusation
1 in ail these charges and specifica-
,i'OU which 1 could be legally eon-
,'onrt if the evidence sustained
other charge or specification
- of a violation of any law, civil
i make this assertion confidently,
gc the judgment upon it of any
. authority in the land. It cannot
a if. ,t no man can be put upon trial
ii i ion of au act unless that act
•. .j come law. There are but tlirte
. -1,1 this country which a man can
in i : first, “the rules and articles
second, “the laws of war,” and
civil laws.” It is not even pre-
i have violated any of the “rules
---rrf war.” They relate entirely
10 the government of the army
.nd violations of them are tried
uartial. I am not in either the
I am expressly called a civilian
. . : s and specifications; nor is this
., i al before which I am being tried,
nnot be convicted of any viola
te “rales and articles of war,” even
■v charged with such offence; but tbe
. md specifications allege no such ol-
: tbe charges and specifications con-
r. v allegations of violations of the “laws
These, according to Lhe opinion of
irncy Geneial of the United States,
,rt of Lhe ‘ law of Nations” applic-
H “state of war,” and involvo the
1 : parties who are “open and active
, =- to oue of the belligerents, or else
.,<■ but secret participants in the hostih-
sec opinion ot Attorney General, p. 8.
. 1 the highest authorities known to
•■courts, Benet, in speaking of the
lion of military commissions, says :
on war in a portion of country
„ 'or' threatened to be attached by an
whether within or without the
tv ol the United States, crimes
,ry offences are frequently commit-
wi-icL ure not triable or punishable by
is-n. rtial. and which are not within the
liciiou of any existing civil courts, “It
and custom of war among all ClVU-
natu.uri, to refer such cases to a duly
tituted military tribunal.” Sec Benet
Military Law and Courts-Martial, ” pp.
c 1 barges against me contain no-aljega-
; t u lation of the “laws of warthey
nothing recognized by any court or
. as an offence triable as such a vio-
: he “laws of war” are hot now of
mis country; and I am not arae-
,:em. I am charged with takrog the
the Uuited States, and with eon-
ribe its officers and steal its cot-
0 are not violations of any “law
am not being tried for any viola
tes and articles of war,” or of
war,” it results that I must be
.■ violation of the “civil law.
aese charges and specifications
ich offences, except the charge
' > Healing.
’ ro l«!oh T must, he
State. I am not a resident of such State, or
amenable to Its laws. I am a resident of
Georgia, and for any act committed on her
soil lam to be tried if it be a violation of her
laws or the laws of the United States.
I am charged with conspiring to steal cer
tain cotton; and with conspiring to bribe cer
tain officials of the United States. Are these
crimes under the laws of the United States ?
There are mo crimes known to the laws of the
United States except those created by the Consti
tution and the statutes of the United States. You
canuot go outside ol that Constitution and
those statutes to discover an ofl'ence agaiust
the laws of the United States. There is no
such thiii"' as a common law crime under the
jurisdiction of the courts of the United
States; all crimes of which they have juris
diction are the creatures of statutes. This
proposition is so universally admitted by the
ablest jurists of tht^Country, and has been so
often established by the decisions of the
Courts as not to need argument to support
it. It has been settled by tbe Supreme Court
of tbe United States as tbe law of the land.
See U. S. vs. Hudson & Goodwin, 7 branch
32; U. 3. vs- Coolidge, 1 Wheaton 415; Cur
tis’ Commentaries, p. 20; 1 Kent’s Com. p.
This principle being established, let us see
if the statutes of the United States have
created any such offences as the two 1 have
referred to. The only kinds of conspiracy re
cognized by these statutes are a conspiracy
to cast away a vessel at sea to defraud the
underwriters, and a conspiracy to defraud
the Government by obtaining the payment
or allowance of a false claim for money
against the Government. No such offence is
created as the offence of conspiring to bribe
an officer, or conspiring to steal. An exami
nation ojj the statutes of tbe United States
will satisfy any one of the correctness of this
position. There is recognized by these
statutes the offence of bribing a member of
Congress or an officer of any of the depart
ments, but no such offence as conspiring to
bribe them. And I am not accused in these
charges ol having bribed any one; only of
have conspired lo do so.
It is clear, then, that 1 cannot be tried on
the charges of conspiring to steal, and con
spiring to bribe, as violations of the laws of
tixe United States. Can I be tried for them as
violations of the laws of Georgia!
The crimes which are recognized as such
by the laws ot Georgia are to be found enu
merated in the “Penal Code” of the Slate.
There are no common law offences known to
the laws of Georgia; all offences are the crea
tures of statutes. The Supreme Court of the
State have so declared. See William (a slave)
vs. the State; 18 Georgia Reports, p. 359.
There are no such offences as the two I have
referred to recognized by the ''Pena! Code” or
the statutes of tieoryia.
Consequently I cannot be tried under the
laws of Georgia for any such offence.
I have thus shown you, may it please the
Court, that I cannot be tried, under these
charges and specification®, for any violation
of the “rules and articles" of war, or of the
“laws of war,” or of any “civil law.” Will
yon undertake, then, to pass judgment upon
me in reference to these two charges? I
address you as I would Any other tribunal
charged with the decision ot my fate, vested
with the power to pass upon my liberty and
my reputation. I have the right to do
so. You have overruled my objection to
your jurisdiction in this case, and have de
cided that you have the power to try and to
acquit or condemn me. The same duties
and responsibilities devolve upon you, then,
as would invest any other tribunal charged
with so grave a matter as the fate of a citi
zen. The origin of your power, the mode of
your creation, make no difference^ in your
responsibilities aud your duties. You are to
be controlled by the laws ol tbe laud, civil
or military; and I have shown you that
neither will justify my trial or conviction
on these two charges. 1 am but oue man
contending against the power of a Govern
ment, unexampled in its strength aud re
sources; therefore it is that I invoke the aid of
the principles of the law and the Constilu*
tion which should shield every citizen from
the encroachments ot power as well as from
the assaults of individuals. Yon are, in this
case, the ministers ol' those principles. It is
incumbent upon you to see that they are re
garded and obeved; not only your duty but
your interest; for the time may come when,
baviD"- laid aside the arms of the soldier, as
citizens you may need the protecting shield
of the Constitution and the laws.
Havin'*- endeavored to show you, may it
please the Couit. that the charge ol larceny
or stealing is the only one of these charges and
specifications upon which the Court can con
vict me, let us come back to the consuL-ra-
tion of that and of the evidence adduced to
support it Waivin g all technical objections
which I might raise against the form ot this
charge and the specifications under it, there
arc still certain material requisites, both un
der civil and military law, to establish the
offence of larceny or stealing. It must be
proved that the property was actual y taken
by tbe accused; that it wa's| the property of
the party from whom it is alleged to have
been taken; and that it was tyke 11 fraudu
lently and with, intent lo steal it-
The only cotton shown in this case to have
been taken or moved away from the place
where it was stored, either by myself
or my nephew, were the bales re
moved from Spain’s plantation, in Brooks
county, tiie cotton marked D. A. H , taken
from No- 18. A G. R. R-, aud the eight
bales removed from Grover’s, No. 17,
Atlantic and Gulf Railroad. No other cot
ton is proved to have been moved by either
of ns None is proved to have been moved
by myself personally. The only evidence of
removal at all of auy cotton by anybody is to
be found in the letters and acknowledgments
of my nephew,—acknowledgments made
openly and without reserve to Mr. A. G.
Browne, Jr-, that he had “openly and above
board and by military permits" removed
these lots of cotton. No acknowledgment
that he had stolen cotton belonging to the
United States, as alleged by detective Bun
nell: for this is disproved by Mr. Browne
himself, who says he propounded a carefully
prepared question. lo JVJ-T- Lamar, “by what
show of right he had moyed these lots of
How, then, in the removal of these lots of
cotton was there any larceny or stealing ?
How were they moved ? By virtue of mili
tary permits of.Major Hastings, the Provost
Marshal of the district. Where were some
of them moved from ? From under guard
of soldiers. Surely no court can say that a
removal thus ffifide by order of tbe military
officer in charge ’of them COT bs brought
against me as stealing or larceny. The ageDt of
the Treasury Department; A. G. Browne, Jr,
himself declares that two of these lots of
cotton were moved under military permits.
In his letter from Thomasville, of Dec. 2d,
1865, addressed to Lieutenant Colonel Bogart,
qsking him to seize these lots of cotton at
Poctortown, he uses this language : “These
lots went down the road under military per
mits as far as far as Doctortown.” They
were seized b^ the military authorities at
Poctortown. it would be unprecedented to
sny that option or any article delivered by
the military authority having control of it to
me was stolen by roc. And I alone am
charged with the stealing; no confederates or
accomplices are alleged to have acted with
me in this charge or the specifications under
it. The cotton was removed, qs the letters
disclose, on the 24th of October. The cotton
was removed by my nephew. “ Ul *
above board, under military permits. Where
then was the stealipg op my ?
But, again, some of these l°t® 0^,
never were in the possession of the lioveip-
v - -ere seized at Do r lortoWD-
v of fy Treasury, in hif
orders under date of September 29th,
1865, says: “ Whenever, therefore,
any property owned or claimed by one
of these blockade running companies is found
within your agency, you will take charge
a P" treat it as property which was used to
aid the rebellion, and, therefore, belonging to
States by the right of capture-
Tins is intended to apply only to such property
of the class named, as may have been collected
and kept together as the property of such com
panies, and is not intended to authorize agents -to
search for on different plantations, and to seize
small and scattered lots said to have been pur-
chased for, or by such companies, but which lias
not been collected by them in distinct lots and so
Ae/<7.” I ask the particular attention of the
Court to tliis order, as I shall have occasion
to refer to it frequently in the course of my
defence. These instructions from the Secre
tary ot the Treasury were repeated after
wards, under date of November 14th, 1865,
in his letterto A. G. Browne,Jr., in which he
says : “In regard to this (the cotton claimed
as I. & E. Co’s, cotton) it is only necessary
to say that 1 desire that the instructions
upon that subject, transmitted to your father
under date of September 27th, shall be fully
carried out.” From this, then, it appears
ihat the Treasury Agents had no right to cot
ton scattered about the country in small lots
on plantations. Such cotton was never
legally in their possession. One of these lots
I am charged with stealing; the 67 bales
marked [8.] was on Spam's plantation in
Brooks county. It never was in the posses
sion of the Treasury Agent. Mr. Browne,
Jr., says be never took possession of it. Mr.
Browne, Jr., says he never saw it until he
met it at Doctortown. They never had a
constructive possession of it, because the
orders of the Treasury Department above re
ferred to, forbade their taking it, even if it be
longed to tbe I. & E. Co., as they assert. And
yet this is the only lot mentioned by name
in this cnarge and specification for stealing.
I could not have taken it from their posses
sion, for they never had it. If it was taken
from their possession it was by virtue of a
military permit, as above showu, giving G.
B. Lamar Jr, permission to take seventy
bales of cotton from J. W. Spain's planta-
1 But, again: there is a well recognized prin-
Ifciple ot law which declares that _ if a man
’'takes property under the impression that he
tins a right to it, it is not stealing or larceny.
See Wheaton's Am. br. Law, 1,T70.
If this was my private cotton I hail a
rigtit to it ; because the authorities
had, as has been repeatedly shown
during the progress of this trial, given up to
me my private cotton aud prohibited its of
ficers from taking it. If this was t he cotton
of tbe I- & E. Co., I had a right to it, as Pres
ident ot that company, under the orders of
the Treasury Departmeut, as I have already
quoted, it being a scattered lot on a planta
tion and the other lots were scattered about
the country also. In either case i acted, in
the language of the law, “under the clearest
impression I had a right to the cotton.”
If I have sustained tbe propositions I have
advanced I cannot be convicted of stealing
cotton in this case; and this I have eudea-
vored to show is tbe only charge preferred
against me ot which I can be legally con
victed, if the evidence maintains it.
But I am willing to go farther, and answer
to the facts brought up against me in refer
ence to the charge of “Conspiracy to bribe
aDd to steal.”
Before examining tbe facts in reference
to the charge of conspiracy to steal cotton,
let me call your attention to the condition ot
affairs in Southern Georgia at that time, as
disclosed by the evidence. There were thou
sands arid tens of thousands of bales of cot
ton stored all over the country, in the towns
aioncr the line ot the railroad, and on the
plantations. This cotton belonged to differ
ent States, and some to tbe Importing and
Exporting Company of Georgia. The Trea
sury Department was taking possession of
certain classes of this cotton, and among
others of portions of that belonging to the
I. & E. Co. They did not pretend to take
the cotton of individuals, with small excep
tions, nor of all that belonged to the I. & E.
Co., as the orders so otteu referred to dis
close. Its agents were all over the country
seeking for cotton to seize. Their reward
was to be a portion ot what they got, some
times as much as 1-4 or 1-3. Under these
circumstances is it strange that in some in
stances these agents took cotton they had no
right to take ?—cotton of individuals, or
coming under the classes of company cotton
which they were prohibited from taking? Is
it strange, either, that their invariable reply
should be to the party seeking redress, “Y ou
most go to Washington with your claim ?”
Ot course they put every obstacle in the. way
of parties seeking to obtain tbeir rightful cot
ton, or, at least, afforded them no facilities
for doing so. My individual cotton bad been
turned over to me by the Government; the
permits and orders read prove this. But still
these agents Rad taken possession of some of
it, or were seeking for it through the coun
try. So with the cotton of the I. & E. Co.;
they had seized lots which they had no right
to take under their orders, and were seeking
for and hunting up others.
Under these circumstances my nephew
and myself acted in endeavoring to secure
my own cotton and that of the Company,
which was being illegally seized. It was on
account of the course pursued by these
agents that he was obliged to conceal as
much as possible from them his intentions
and his actions. The whole correspondence
between us establishes these Tacts. Certain
expressions in his letters are to be distorted
into evidence of a conspiracy with me to
steal this cotton. Have any directions or in
structions been read, sent by me to him, to
take any cotton 1 had no right to ? or any
instructions of any kind, except that I trust
ed in bis judgment and wanted him to send
my cotton forward as speedily as possible ?
Do I not repeatedly call his attention to the
fact that my own cotton has been turned
over to me, and does he not see the order to
that effect? Do I not, also, iterate and re
iterate the orders of the Treasury Depart
ment that the agents are only entitled to Jhe
cotton already seized, and not to be found
through the country? In spite of these facts,
in the teeth of these orders, all kind of obsta
cles are placed in his way, and he is pre
vented from obtaining the cotton he is legal y
entitled to. It is to this kind of lota he refers
when he says he will ship all u» my marks.
Am I to l»e convicted of conspiring to steal
because I seek to obtain cotton I “honestly
believe (in the language of the law) I have a
claim to ?” The very agent of the Treasury,
A. G. Browne, Jr., tells my nephew he does
not blame me for seeking to obtain my pro
perty. Under the view that the Treasury
Department has no right to take the
cotton of the }. & E. Co., I resort to
the civil courts to secure what 1 be,
lieve to be my rights- The agent
and representative ol the Federal
Government, tbe Provisional Governor, had
by solemn proclamation declared the civu
courts open to the people, and that they
might appeal to them once again to redress
their grievances or decide upon their rights.
Tbe officer in command ot the district, a
gentleman of character aud high standing m
nis profession, Colonel Kimball, in his letter
dated October 27, tells me that if aggrieved
I can “seek the remedy that the laws ot ihe
country afford.” I did seek a. remedy from
the laws of the State through the officers of
the State. The Judge of t ’j e , Su P®"”L C ™. h
of that district administered to me the oath
required bribe J<»wa of Georgia; the Clerk
»f the Cpurt issues the writ qnder eyery pre
caution required by;the law pf the State, and
tbe Sheriff and Deputy Sheriff endeavor to
serve it. I am present with them and offer
lo aid them in such execution. Surely I can
not be charged with conspiring to steal be
cause 1 make an attempt to bring the matter
before a legal tribunal qualified to decid e it
It is not fair to decide it upou isolated ex
pressions or fragmentary declarations. Take
the whole course of my aonduct together.asul
decide upon that. The fact that certain
marks were returned as private property,
and afterwards as Importing and Exporting
Company, is one of these circumstances
which, standing alone and unexplained,
might look suspicious. And yet, the Trea
sury Agent Liuiselt; Mr. A G. Browne, Jr.,
says he never regarded that as an act of
fraud on my part, but as arising from con
fusion among so many bales of cotton.
And so of othei circumstances which are
easily susceptible of explanation to an un
prejudiced mind. - -
Aud now foe the charge ot conspiring to
bribe; for although 1 deny the right of the
Court to convict me upon a charge based
upon no law, civil or military, and tiust that
I will be sustained in this position, still I am
ready and desirous to meet the accusation
upon the facts disclosed in evidence.
I am charged with conspiring with my
nephew and others to bribe Colonel Kimball,
Major Hastings, A. G. Browne, Jr., and VV.
A. Beard. Who the others were with whom
I conspired has not appeared in evidence. I
am, therelore, confined in my detence to
the conspiracy with my nephew.
What other persons I conspired to bribe be
sides the lour above mentioned has not been
disclosed; nor, if they had been, would it
have availed tbe prosecution anything. The
parties I am charged with conspiring to
bribe must be named, with certainty and pre
cision in the charges and specifications. It
is contrary to law, justice, and common
sense', to charge me with conspiring to bribe
officers and soldiers without telling me who
they are; for that would necessitate my pre
paring myself to repel accusations in refer-
eience to the whole army and Treasury De
First, then, what proot is there of my
conspiring with my nephew to bribe Mr.
Browne? The evidence, if there be any,
must be found in the correspondence that
passed between us; for nothing else has been
produced that at all bears upon such a ques
tion. No evidence has been submitted to
show a bribe given or received, or a bribe
proffered and accepted or rejected. None of
these gentlemen has declared that any such
proposition was ever made to him. With all
my cash books, check books, and books of
all other kinds in their possession, the pros
ecution has not shown a single item or entry
in any of the money paid, which could even
be suspected of having been used in this
way. True, I sent money in different sums
to my nephew for his expenses; but these are
too contemptible in amount to be construed
into bribes. All tbe evidence, then, that I
conspired to bribe Mr. Browne must be found
in expression in our letters.
Even if there were anything in this cor
respondence which was susceptible of an in
terpretation such as the prosecution seek to
put upon it, there is one plain and undeniable
fact to be found patent to it, which would
entirely prevent its being met as evidence of
a conspiracy. It is a principle of law, as well
as of common sense, that two are necessary to
constitute a conspiracy. Wharton’s Am. Cr.
L. § 2339.
A man cannot conspire himself, alone;
there must be an assistant, an accomplice.
In order to make a conspiracy between the
two they must agree. If one proposes to do
an act, and the other advises against it and
refuses to take part in it, this is no conspir
Now, what are the facts in reference to Mr.
Browne? The Government will endeavor to
show that I sent two letters to ray nephew to
be delivered to Mr. Browne, and will seek to
show that these letters contained offers of
bribes. Recoliecl that these letters were
found sealed and unopened m the possession
of G. B. Lamar, Jr., on the day of his arrest.
In my letter to my nephew of Nov. 13th, I
say “I send you two letters for A. G, Browne,
»&c. In the answer to that letter written to
me by my nephew, be says, under date of
Nov. 19th, “your two letters of 13th instant,
were handed me by Capt. Beard- I found en
closed two letters addressed to A. G. Browne,
Esqr., and one to O’Fallon & Co. It would
be madness to make the slightest proposition to
Browne. I found him at my first and only
interview cold and rigidly polite, and ex
tremely bitter againat you on account of your
letters to his father and to others against
him. I, of course, have not delivered the let
ters, and I advise against it most decidedly." Iu
the latter part of the same letter be says,
“send me a certified copy of your paidou.
Have it certified to by the military. 1 may
be able to work Browne a little with that. I
have no fears of Mr. B., either personally or
officially ; but he is immovable, and talking
aud writing from one of the family will do
him no good. All through his subsequent
correspoudenc • he repeats his assertions in
reference to Mr. Browne. Here, then, even
if on my part there was an intention or effoit
to bribe Mr. Browne, there is conclusive
evidence that no such conspiracy ever existed.
There was no agreement of any sort between
the parties alleged to have formed it; but on
the part of one a disapprobation of the pro
position, and a refusal to entertain it. There
is nothing else to indicate even a desire on
my part, except expressions in some
of my letters which are interpret
ed into an intention, and perhaps an
attempt to bribe all these gentlemen- To
these expressions I desire to direct your at
tention. But, first, let me say in reference
to Mr. Beard, that the evidence shows that
my attitude towards him was hostile from the
beginning, and so was his towards me. The
only two interviews we had were in refer
ence to the service of a writ upon him by the
Sheriff, daring which I offer my services to
arrest him. Here, then, was no appearance
of any understanding between us, or ot any
chance to effect one. My nephew’s only ex
pressions in reference to him are that he
could do nothing with him at Thomasville
while Browne was there; meaning that
he could not induce him to release my owu
cotton, to which I was entitled by orders, or
the cotton of the company illegally taken,
while his superior officer was there to over
rule his action. The expressions used in my
letters, upon which alone any suspicion of
my guilt can be founded are applied to each
and ail of these four gentlemen. Without
repeating each of them, particularly, it is
sufficient to say that they amount in sub
stance to this: that 1 was wi ling to give
them a certain per cent, for all ot my own
cotton they got released lor me, and a. cer-
taiu per cent, for that B* ,^°* 3
which was turned over to me. This is the
sum and substance of all these expressions
which have been read as evidence agaiust
me This is, also, the whole meaning of the
copy of a letter found in my letter book ad
dressed to Mr. Browna But here I must be
permitted to say there is no evidence that
any such letter was ever sent to my nephew;
on the contrary, a close inspection of the
cony in the letter book will convince the
Court that the words “not sent” were origi
nally in that copy, and have been in some
wav Dartially removed. Now the question
is: what did I mean by these expressions re
ferred to? Wh»t did I mean when 1 wrote
that I was willing to pay fiye per cent, for
rny own cotton ? Surely that was not an at
tempt to bribe anybody in the language of
the specification?, to steal cotton of the
United States. The cotton was my own, given
up to me by the very orders read m your hear
ing- I was declared by these orders entitled to
receive or take it. Theproposition, then, to
nav for removing obstacles out of my way m
getting my own cotton tyas no suph offence
5s is alleged agaiust me And the proposi-
1 tion in referente to the I. & E. Co.’s cotton
i is always coupled in the same sentence with
that in reference to my own. It meant the
same thing—that I was willing to pay for the
(Ckmtimiedon Fourth Page.)
PRICE, 5 CENTS
tore, wniim Monram & co„
llimM llil COMMISSION HltllNIS.
152 BAT lIKBBf, SAVARVAB, OA.
We respectfully solicit consignments of MERCHANDIZE and PROPERTY of all
kinds, lor Private Sale or Auction, and invite the attention of Buyers to our stock, which
is alwaj s large and offered al the lowest prices.
ROBERT P. YORK. J. R. McINTIRE.
M. E. WILLIAMS. }*. H. WARD.
R E F E
Brigham, Baldwin & Co. Erwin & Hsrdee
Gaden & Unckles Hiram Roberta
LaRoche & West W. Woodbridge
Hunter & Gammell
R E N C E
Longstreet, Sedf.wick & Co.
S. T. Knapp * Bro.
J. P. Boyle & Co.
D. H. Baldwin Jc Co.
L. C. Norvell.
Important to Shippers!
Great Tieduction in Freights
ERWIN dc HARDEE’S LINE
of fast, iron, light-draft, side-wheel Steamers, between
SAVANNAH AND MACON, SAVANNAH AND AUGUSTA.
Via Hawkinsville and Brunswick R K., touching reg And Intermediate Landings connection st Latter
nlarly at Doctortown aud running in connection Point with the Georgia Railroad end Points t...
with the Atlantic* Gulf Railroad yond. aauroaa and Points be-.
TT O M E
CAPITAL, - - . 2,500.000
AARON WILW! |j,
M. A. COHKN, Secretary.
D I It K c; T O K S :
Andkiw Low, i ur u h
Jo*r E r BlUOHA “’ i WK. U'iMOik.
n* U H Jcarre LieeawH,
D. H. Baldwin, J„a. V, A-vessii
Hiney Lathkop, , Octaves ’
Aabon Wileir, Jno m . ,
R. Q. STACY.
Office removed to
BROUGHTON STREET, THIRD DOOR
EAST OF BULL.
The new and elegant iron steamers CHARLES 8.
HARDUE, Capt. R. Johnson; TWO BOYS, Capt.
ThomuB Daniels, having elegant accommodations
for freight and passengers, will ply regularly as
above, leaving Savannah every Thursday morning at.
9 o'clock; Hawktnsvllle every Thursday morning at
It Is the desire of the Agents of tills line to make a
permanent connection between Macon and Savannah
and t he landings on the Altamaha and Ocmuigee
rivers, and with this object in view they ask the sup
port of the merchants of Savannah and Macon, and
the merchants and planters along the tine of the
above named rivers.
INSURANCE EFFECTED AT THE VERY LOWEST RATES.
Freight received at all times at our warehouse, foot of East Broad street.
W. B. DAVIDSON, I B. A.-WILCOX. I ERWIN A HARDEE,
Agent at Augusta | Agent at Macon. | Agents at Savannah.
The following steamers being of exceedingly light
draft, and having ample and complete accommoda
tion for freight and passengers, will ply regularly as
Iron steamer WILLIAM Q. GIBBONS, every Sat
Iron steamer AMAZON, every ten days.
Wooden steamer LAURA, every Wednesday.
Our Captains and Pilots are the oldest and most
experienced on the river, and no effort will he spared
to meet the wauts uCtbe travelling aud freighting
E ITHER on Bull street or on Congress, between
Bull and Whitaker, a GOLD BRACELET.
The finder will be suitably rewarded by leaving it
at the counting room of
jt* F.RWIN * HARDEE.
R ECEIVABLE at the City Treasury, will lie sold at
liberal discount by
BRYAN, nARTRIDGE & CO.,
jfi-lw 163 Bay street.
For sale by
W. BATTERSBV <£ CO.
BROUGHTON STREET, SAVANNAH, GA.
r IMlIS FIRST CLASS HOTEL has been remodeled
A und newly re-furnished and put In perfect order
The traveling public may rest assured they will find
comlortable accommodations at this house.
A. B. LUCE,
THOS. W. BROOKS
FURNITURE AND GENERAL
I'M Dock Street, Philadelphia, Pa.
N. U. —AU ORDERS sent by Mall promptly at-
ended to. jy31-t!
Is, without doubt, the only known remedy tor
BRICE DUST DEPOSITS,
IRRITATION OF THE NECK
INFAMMATION OF THE KIDNEY’S,
CATARRH OF THE BLADDER,
Certificates of cures from well-known persons from
all parts of the country in circular, will be sent on ad
dressing MORGAN * ALLEN, Ag'ts,
d!2-3m No. 4(5 Cliff st, New York.
BAR-ROOM AND BARBER SHOP
ON BRYAN ST., JOHNSON SQUARE-
R ESPECTFULLY Informs the public that the above
Establishment is now prepared to furnish Oys
ters, Fish, Game, *c., at all hours.
Dinners, Suppers will be furnished at the shortest
notice and sent to any part of the city.
Wines of all kinds and of the very beet always on
In addition, four Dining Rooms has been fitted up
in the neatest style ror the accommodation of Ladieg
Excellent Cooks and accommodating Waiters in
Attached to the Restaurant is extra Dlrlng, Sitting
A Barber Shop, with competent Bathers. Is abo
connected wlib the House. All customers will hive
their private cups with their names on.
Transient Boarders and Travelers will find It to
to their advantage to call
3 he patronage of the public Is solicited.
A QaOD lot, and other materials for Building pur
poses. For sale by
BOUSE * BRYANT.
d2S-tf 194 Bay street
KENT’S EAST INDIA COFFEE.
EQUAL TO JAVA 1 HBS^t
HALF THE PRICE!
GOES TWICE AS FAR I
Recommended and Used by All!
CLERGYMEN, PHY8ICIAN8 and Professional Men,
as the cheapest healthiest and best beverage
in the world 1
FOR SAL* BY ALL GROCERS NORTH AND SOUTH
Tne Southern trade, to which tt Is specially adapt
ed, supplied through the New York city Wholesale
Grocery, or direct from tha Manufactory.
RICHARD DAVIES, Proprietor-
Wholesale Dealer In '('•as and Cofieee.
Is now offered at private sale. She Is 110 feet
long and 36 feet wide, over all. Her engine is 30 2-luo
inches c) Under and 6 feet stroke.
SHE HAS JUST BEEN
UNITED STATES MACHINE SHOP AT SAINT
Ik lu Perfect Order.
Application for purchaae must be made to
Col. C. R. BRAYTON,
J0-tt Postmaster at Hilton Head, S. C.
Direct Importation from Londo
J UST RECEIVED, a large and varied assortment of
Imported Wares aud Fancy Articles, suitable for
the coming season, embracing in part:
Statuettes—Bronze, Besqneand Pariat
Ladies' Traveling Bags
Milliners’ Fancy Wares
And an endless variety of
ordered for this market and Just received by ship
County of Picton, and other-vessels now arriving.
Fancy Goods by the original package, to which the
attention of Milliners and others Is invited.
W, W. LINCOLN,
Comer Congress and Bull streets,
•121-tt Monument Square.
IHE EYE, EAR, AND THROAT.
D R. WRIGHT, of Toronto, Canada West, Physi
cian and Surgeon, Ocnllst and Aurlst, can be
consulted on Deafness, Discharges from the Bar
no.ses in the Head, Catarrh, Diseases of the Throat
All diseases of the EYE, requiring eitheir Medical
or Surgical aid attended to.
Office No. 41, in Dr. Thoe. Buckler's old office on
Lexington street, Baltimore, Mil.
Ofllce hours from 9 to 12 A. M., and 3to 5 P. M.
J^ED ASH, egg size, for sale, to arrive, by
J9 No. 3 Stoddard's Western Kknge.
To sell at
100 BAGS OR UPWARDS.
J6-4 WM. BATTERSBY * Co.
ROPE AND TWINE,
For sale by
W. B. ADAMS,
96 Bay street
IN 20 GALLON PACKAGES,
For sale by
W. B- ADAMS,
95 Bay street.
SKIDAWAY SHELL ROAD COMP’Y.
T»OOK of Subscript**,?f D at «> e House
X» (or ten day* da •
Savannah, Jan. \
REVOLVERS AMD GAPS.
A L80 Smith * Wesson** t»oeoive~ and eh<*ip
A gle Shot Pistols, fi- boy-;, nn»
MARIO'S JEWELRY -
J4-1W Co- • ton 4 Vi n’-.aker rt J .
WT For Insurance agaiust Loss
Fire, appl/at the
OFFICE OF THE COMPANV,
89 BAY STREET, - SAVAXN.1H, «A.
THE NEW ENGLAND MUTU.uTliFE
Cask Asaetts $3,000,0<jo
Last Cask Return 7'.0;000
Losses Paid 1 731,000
Total Surplus Divided l'247!oOO
Amount Insured 21.S49 481
All Classes of Life Policies Issued.
B. F. STEVENS, President.
J. 1L CriBBENS, Secretary
„ A. WILBUR,
Ueneral Agent Georgia ami Florida.
COLUMBIA FIRE INSURANf K COMPA
NY, OF NEW YORK.
Cask Capital $.300,000
TIMOTHYG. CHURCHILL, Prest.
John D. Akthur, Secretary.
Frederic B. Elliott, Supt. of Agencies
General Agent South.
FULTON FIRE INSURANCE COM PAN Y
OF NEW YORK.
Cask Capital >200,000
WM. A. COBB, President
Jas. M. Rankin, Secretary.
General Agent S. I.
EXCELSIOR FIRE INSURANCE (
PANY, OF NEW YORK
Capital and Surplus >,.
MARCUS F. DODGE, ‘i ident
Sami.. M. Craft, Secretary.
General At ri' - : •
PUTNAM FIRE INSURANCE . • >:f ., ,
OF HARTFORD, CONN
Cash Capital fooo
SAML. WOODRUFF, President
Daniel Buck, Secretary.
General Agent Soon .
SPRINGFIELD FIRE AND M A U
SURANCE COMPANY, ip'
Cask Capital .
EDMUND FREEMAN. Pr
Ws. Connar, Jr., Secretary, a
WASHINGTON FIRE INSURA N
PANY, OF BALTIMORE,
THOS. Y. CAWBY, Pr
F. J. MeGINNIS, Secretary.
A. WILBI x.,
General Agent South.
I NS UK AIDE.
Authorized Capital, $10,400,000
C HARLES L. COLBY A CO. are prepared to ta l
Marine Risks to any domestic or foreign pm
and Fire Risks in this city iu the followup (. aiir
first class New York Companies,
AT THE LOWEST RATES.
COLUMBIAN MARINE INSURANCE
MORRIS FIRE AND INLAND INSUR
ANCE COMPANY c.r-w,,*
COMMERC FIRE INSURANCE COMP'y! ’as.'rt
STANDARD FIRE INSURANCE COMP’Y SoO.Oi
Office In Jones' Block, corner Bay ami A.be-cor
streets: Branch Office, corner of Drayton undBrya
FIRE AND MARINE
SECURITY INSURACE COMPANY.
Cnpital and Surplus $1,600,009
PHCENIX INSURANCE CO.
Capital and Surplus $1,500,000
INTERNATIONAL INSURANCE CO.
Capital and Surplus $1,200,000
MANHATTAN INSURANCE CO-
Cf.pital and Surplus .-i900,000
Risks taken in the above highly responsible Com
panies on buildings and merchandise of el: oescrlj,-
liqns, at lhe lowest rates corresponding with the
risks. Apply to
A. A. LANE; Agent,
n9-3m No. 19 Stori.tflrd'- Hmre. i
Holla KJXt- OOUTBloTU
National Marine and Fire
OF NEW ORLEANS
The undersigned begs leave to inform nsorirg
pnbficthathe has been legally appoint Aaenttor
.he above named Company, and Is ready ’• take Ma
rine, River and Fire Risks at customary i'.ea.
O. C. Y 3Re. Agent,
Office over Hunter A 84 Bey street.
Ref:fences—O tavus Coir . ir A Gdmmel!,
Erwin A Hardee. «m OCtSS