ivannah Daily Herald
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, , erf? 181W
LITER FROM EUROPE.
I nnn Announces the Withdrawal of
P" F , rll< h Troops from Mexico.
Feb 0. — The steamship Palestine, from
f " 1 i on the 23d, has arrived.
ti^roiDcror Napoleon's speech announces that the
p “; „.,u he withdrawn from Mexico.
kj! cotton market was heavy and un.
ni ; Lies on them 8,000 bales.
Pouaols 8dJ»<@r8 .
I,,.,,.1 Suns 5-20’s higher; closing easier.
\EAV YORK MARKET.
_ w yoaSi Feb. (l.-The cotton market is steady,
lies to-day 1,000 halos at 48c.
. „ f from the President Submitting
Ithe Report of General Sherman on the
|< umliiion of Affair* in hia Department.
President communicated the following to the
Jiittto on tlit* -J inst:
•> ruf senate OT THE United States :
[< t tiie resolution of the Senate of the 30th
, tiie President, if not inco -npatible with
uubhc intercHtB, to communicate to the Senate a
fcuvot the late report of Mujor General Sherman upon
•.uulitiou of the States in his department, in
j tie has lately made a tour of inspection, I trans
it herewith a cojiy of a commnnication dated De-
tuibi lodii. addressed to the headquarters of the
L mV by Major General Sherman, commanding the
Knitarr division of the Mississippi.
Washington, Feb. 2, 18GG."
i GENERAL SHERMAN’S REPORT.
••HeaiVr* .Military Div. of the Mississippi,
• Sr. Lul ls, Mo., December ‘22, 1SG5.
(drii J A. Rawlins, Chief of Staff, Washington, D. C.:
it.’; I have just returned from a partial in-
t the department of Arkansas. It was my
iha\o extended my visit up to Fort Smith;
|ut the Arkansas river was too low, and I limited it to
I Alter dwelling at considerable length upon the con-
Inn of the roads and railroads in Arkansas, the re-
[ort goes on to say:
••I found all the troops in Arkansas in good condition
inlKdkfiiimanded, General Sprague being adiuir-
fbly idiptod to his command. General Sprague also
die respect of the civil and military* authorities
ucgrocs in Arkansas can all hud profitable and
it;\.employment, and are protected in all their
s <iiid property by the civil authorities. I met no
nuzeii or soldier who questioned or doubted that
freedom was as well assured in Arkansas as in
Governor Murphy says that negroes could
ro title to real estate or auy liftid of property, and
i the courts, both federal and State, would protect
. There was an universal expression of coufi-
e in the present condition of affairs, except on the
1 of Home loriner rebels, who thought the present
nth prescribed for them was too stringent and
i t a convention ot them, convened X know not
, was in seuajou at Xante Itock When I was tneTB, '
a committee from it waited on General Reynolds
myself, inviting us to attend. We agreed to go pro-
lit i aw debate or proceeding were in progress din ing
I On oar entrance to the hall the President addressed
a language as loyal and earnest as possible, and
id oar advice. I responded, and gave them the
it advice I knew how, amounting substantially as
llows, That political matters, since the conclusion of
1 ttiliueti, had progressed, and were still progressing
fast as they could expect; that I doubted if any ac-
w their pan would be regarded as the act of Ar
ia. but that any respectful representation of facts
t* them in their individual capacities in the nature
a Petition to General Reynolds, to President John-
f L or to the national Congress, would doubtless re-
pie every proper consideration. At the same time I
P’ed their attention to the poverty of their country,
pd Luu mudi better it would be for them to give
ir personal attention each to his own affairs rather
P m bother themselves with the general matters of
I Alter leaving Little Rock I learned that the conven-
■cn nad adjourned, so that I hope things will remain
F c ‘ u;el afi before, indeed, so far as my observation
there is perfect satisfaction felt by all classes of
V except on the part of a very few, who are look-
- fo future combinations involving the local and un-
iportant State offices. I found everywhere in the
a urge number of our officers and soldiers look-
•' ai lor luliJ employment, and I doubt not that
ting the next year all the land which is cleared will
under cultivation—a large part of it under the di-
C u! “ CiiL! - etic young men—and that all branches
V 111 Arka bsas will be stimulated by the pre-
'IkVm, 1 I claso ' 1 men wh iGh has not heretofore ex-
^ ’drtuat Sta'if. single individuals now travel un-
evl if?? 11,110 P art Ml T bc State to another, and Gen.
• ‘Ur is ran ly called upon to afford military pro-
1,. 1 white or black.
’ Wlta a spect, your obedient servant,
W. T. Sherman,
Major General Commanding.
f nt WRECK OF THE STEAMSHIP
Particulars of the Disaster.
ln ^°uucemcnt ol'the wreck of this tine steamer
,u preV:uu sly made, but the following facts re-
rt ut. 1 ^ disuater ’ foun d °f interest Tliey
, )u £n fr ° ni tLe Caltiw °re Gazette of the 27th :
r niin P last there arrived in this city,
in nm i bomua Kelso, the crew and passen-
*' c ba.iiin. L’. ul the iron steamer Richmond,.of
the n r ii; ancl ^ uvaUD &h Steamship Line, convex-
|bur« lie.r r ■)''? ce tliat lh e steamer named had gone
Uv n roV(t ^oimcomico Island, and would pro-
'steamer ^ loss - Mr - L - w - Emory, the purser
L Moud.iv tliat alie left Savannah at noon
P l ton a I1( i ut v, ’ passengers and 253 bales of
r'Led Soiejv r m ace haueous articles, and had pro-
u hou about fir llL - U i al ? out milea of Hatteras lu-
' '' v-ut H.-hi >[•,//■ 1 tiie morning of the 24th,
> 'k b<c ii ..„ v a 1 lll « Chickomicomico Island, and it
tv e her. at that nothing couldbedonetore-
n,lr, »exposur«iA C o W alid P ass « n gers, after several
1; “ ' a tey 1 © storm, reached the main-
uu, ‘0savea l0Pf und » it is hoped, will be
lt *ill prohni i-i th« cotton, but the majority
rove a total vrre, 1- 0o J ost - The vessel will doubtless
“““ d in lialtlm, wa9 valued at $90,000, and is
J eand h'ew York offices for $48,-
-Despatch,, IS tiEXE RAE.
“ :,u N'ration Department Indicate that
-;. t ,r rjscoo ,“, EUr,Jpeto the United State* will
i.mian r,,-.. 1 “ uf au y previous year. All the
" PeClaUy are flUin 8 U P withperaons
i e p ro c e . ! Dg a P as8a ge to this country,
“ e . Wegtaiii,' 0 ].'* ““^er "erious consideration to put
» T char-e nf^i Un ?, tl10 Principal mail routes
e % iacrtasM f„‘:L e Po8t Ofilce Department, with
-The United/ K ' 3 lor the P ubUc -
'“iafor s cw v;.L ts steamer Narcissus, from Pen-
K e y,... was lost duringa storm on Eg-
jJrd ’ “tout tinny S0u O l3 “ mpa Bay ' EbL *> witb an «n
L' keld‘m K ^“rtbem Pacific RaU-
Phn .jt ,h e “ m Boston, it was announced as
•oMruttion of 80v J ai i y 'enter upon the immediate
the water, ‘ f ™ dred niile8 of 016 road, con-
“ie waters of the Superior with the navt-
®HtU;d m t h ree ^umbta river, the work to be
l0 »-ing°^m ST O f EATI:8 THE UoxnfTitT.*t—We clip the
!0s - ot Intelligence from the Memphis
rr «*"n/"bZnLLLL, thit Ge n. N. Bedford
,“ r ‘ag, as we are tol!? I tw d to le * Ta the country.
" ar ' v “s out for ’n an order from 016 Seere-
i Bhmgton for trU1 L t hl8 MTe** and deportation to
arse, concluded thaut eemmlaaion, he, of
^ Me«co ,pe r h.p s aahub * at P° llc y “emi-
SAVANNAH. GEORGIA, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 8. 1866.
Letter from Boston.
The Sleighing Carnival in Boston—LiJb on the Brigh
ton Hoad—AUem.pt to Abolish the Abolitionists—
Capt. Burke of the Fredonia—Handsome Testimo
nial — “Consolation" 1 and '‘Recognition'' — The
Opera Season—Death of “Johnny Fell"—The Mas
sachusetts Legislature, dc., dc.
Boston. Jan. 31, 1886.
Since my last w# have had a week of very fair
alaighing, and as it has been almost the first and only
of the season so far.it has been generally improved by
everybody who owns a horse or esn gfford to hire one.
The price is not a light matter. You are required to
pay from ten to fifteen dollars for a sleigh horse in a
cutter for the smallest kind of i sleigh-ride, while a
double team coats from 15 to 25 dollars for the
same service. This is pleasant for stable-keepers, but
not for those who hire or go without the peculiar sen"
sation of e sleigh ride. A large number of fancy
teams are owned in Boston end vicinity. The num
ber of elegant matched spans has doubled in the last
two years and quadrupled since 1860. You can see
them all out on the Brighton road any day, and as
they whirl by you over the glassy snow Burface, a
more inspiriting scene cannot be imagined. To go
out on the Brighton road when it is good sleighing
requires a steady hand in the driver, and a constant
eye to the windward. There ere many reckless drivers,
and it is not an uncommon thing to see a wreck
by the wayside, and a horse who has freed himselfFrom
his incunbrances wildly careering over the road. The
other day, at an hour when the road is thronged with
teams, a spau of horses broke their fastenings at one
of the Brighton hotels, and came into town—some five
miles—at a spanking gait, passing everything on the
road, but avoiding obstructions and doing no dam
age. Little events of that sort add a spice to the sport
and make it more exciting. As it happened during
the last week, there was a conjunction of moon and
sleighing, and the evening sleighing parties were not
the least enjoyable. Some livery sleighs for parties in
this city hold fifty people comfortably, and are drawn
by six horses. Such a team as that is very gay, and as
a dance and supper at some country hotel are gener
ally included in the bill, these sleighing parties are
At the thirty-fifth anniversary of the American Anti-
Slavery Society held the other day in this city, the
proceedings were quite interesting, the only question
discussed being a recommendation from the Board of
Management, through Mr. Garrison, that the Society
be dissolved, as an organ without a function, slavery
having been abolished. Mr. Garrison, who is a con-
sistant abolitionist liivored the abolition of the society,
of which he is the father and leading spirit. Wendell
Phillips opposed the recommendation, and there was
a warm discussion. Phillips has been the oratorical
Ishmaelite of the Bociety, and Garrison has been its
executive head. The two men are as unlike aa two
men can be. Garrison would be a contented citizen if
other people would think a* he does. Phillips would
be more discontented than e ver if he was not allowed to
occupy his own ground alone. His life is to go against
the stream. He would not float with the tide if it should
promise to bear him to the Elysian Fields. Phillips
was sustained in the society by all those who would
have no hobby to ride if this one should be destroyed,
and carried the day. But Garrisod and tiie
most logical of his followers retire, and will probably
continue their reforming campaign under some other
banner. It will, perhaps, be the banner of Equal Suf
frage, but fts a question to be settled by tbe States, if
possible,' rather than by the national government.
I believe it was in my last that I told you about tbe
arrival at thia port of three hundred shipwrecked emi
grants, yvho were saved by the efforts of Capt. Burke,
of the bark Fredonia. The merchants of Boston took
the matter up, and a fund of thirty thousand dollars
was very quickly raised to carry out their intentions.
It is proposed to give CapL Burke $10,000, each of the
mates $500, each of the crew $200, and to devote the
remainder to reimbursing tbe owner for loss of cargo
thrown overboard to make room for the shipwrecked
people. Capt. Burke, who is a very modest man, finds
himself quite a lion all at once.
A fine picture, of common interest to all sections of
the Union, is now on exhibition in this city. I refer
to Constant Mayer’B “Recognition," reoenfly com
pleted. The subject is the recognition of two wound
ed brothers on the battle-field, they having been sepa
rated in the opposing forces, and fighting against each
other. It is one of the saddest phaseB of civil war, aud
it has been presented on tbe canvass witb lile-like
effect. By the way, I learn that the artist took a
Southern view of the war, and that his earlier picture,
“Consolation,” representing a wounded soldier visited
by a Sister of Mercy,- was first painted with a gray
uniform, which was afterwards changed for the blue.
lt is well that art should commemorate the scenes of
common suffering rather Gian the triumphs obtained
in fraternal strife; for while the latter cannot fail to
engender animosity, the former appeal to our common
feelings and interest.
The opera season just closing here has been the
most brilliant ever known in Boston, for attendance
and dress, if not for the character of the music. The
extravagance in dress displayed goes b.-yond any pre
vious exhibition. The great Boston Theatre which
seats thirty-five hundred people, and allows four thou
sand to be squeezed into it, has been crowded every
night, the ladies generally in full dress, and sparking
with diamonds. I know not how many shoddy fortu
nes have been introduced to the ton by this means, or
how many lair necks and bust? have been enabled to
come out by happy strikes of “lie.” But this I have
noticed, that some patrons don't know where the ap
plause ought to dome in, and that the general tone of
criticism is not so severe as it might be upon tbe
artists. Common-place singers are as likely to receive
applause as any. Well, they will learn in a few winters,
if the oil continues to flow.
The new Continental Theatre has not proved a good
speculation for Morris Bros Pell aud Trowbridge,
tbe builders. They run it four weeks, and gave it up
as a bad bargain, leasing it to Messrs. Wilder .v Stool,
of New York, who seem to be bent upon making it a
sensation show of the Bowery stamp. They lead out
with a trump of that suit, Lucille Western, and the
line will probably bs sustained.
"Johnny Pell," well known as one of the famous
Morris BrOB., Pell A Trowbridge Ministrels, and a
capital “endman,'' died a week ago. Hie real name was
John A. Davin. He.ls said to have left a fortune of
$40,000, which he ha^accnmulafed in the business.
His place in the troupe is supplied by Eph Horne.—
Two days before he died, Johnny Pell was married to
a young woman in Boston, probably in view of his ap
Our Legislature drags its slow length along. The
veteran soldiers having petitioned for equalization of
bounties, the adjutant general has shown, in response
to an order of inquiry, that it would cost $16,000,000.
It is rather a large sum—so large that the measure
will be defeated as impractical. Iota.
THE SEA ISLAND PLANTATIONS AS
SIGNED TO NEGROES.
LETTSB FBOM UtNIKAI. s HERMAN.
Messrs. Tresscott and Whaley, who are in Washing
ton city on behalf of South Carolina and the owners
of tbe Sea Island plantations which were assigned to
the negroes by General Sherman’s celebrated Field
Order No. 16, of 1865, have Indirectly succeeded in
drawing from the latter tbe following reasons for its
Issuance and the extent of the possessory title intend
ed to be thereby conveyed:
Washington, Feb. 2, 1866.
To Andrew Johnson, President of the United States:
Sir—I have the honor to acknowledge fhe receipt last
evening of your letter of February 1, and in compli
auce with your request enclose herewith a copy of
Field Order No 15, of 1865, with this brief history of
its origin and tbe reason* for making it.
“The Hon. E. M. Stanton, Secretary of War, came
to Savannah soon after its occupation by the forces
under my command and conferred freely with me as
to the best method to provide for the vast number of
negroes who had followed the army from the interior
of Georgia, aa also of those who had already congre
gated on the island near Hilton Head and were still
coming into our lines. We agreed perfectly that tbe
young and able bodied men should be enliated as sol
diers or employed by the quartermaster in the neces
sary work of unloading ships and for other army
purposes; but this left on our hands the old and feeble,
the women and children, who bad necessarily to be
fed by the United 9tates. Mr. Stanton summoned a
large number of the old negroes, mostly preachers, with
whom he held s long conference, of which he tooa
down notes. After this conference he was satisfied
the negroes could, with some little aid from the United
States, by means of the abandoned, plantations on the
Sea Islands and along the navigable rivers take core
of themselves. He requested me to draw up a plan
that would be uniform and practicable. I made the
rough draft, and we went over it very carefully, Mr.
Stanton making many changes, and the present or
ders No. 15 resulted and were made public.
“I knew, of course, we oould not convey title to land,
and merely provided ‘possessory’ titles, to be good so
long aa war and our military power lasted. I merely
aimed to make provision for the negroes who were ab
solutely dependent on ns, leaving tbe value of their
possession to be determined by after events or legis
lation. At that time (January 1865) it will be remem
bered that the tone of the people of the South was very
defiant, and no one could fortcU when the period of
war would ccaso. Therefore I did not contemplate
that oventas being so near at hand.
•I am, with great respect, your obedient sorvant,
“W. T. Sherman, Major GeneraL"
Gen. Lorgstrejet’s Opinions.—The Cincinnati En
quirer publishes tbe following extract of a private
letter from Gen. Longstreet:
“ I see thatspme Of the public men of the North are
still inclined to doubt our loyalty at the South and to
hold us in onr present condition for further guarantees.
What can we 46 to satisfy them ? We, are willing and
anxious to do anything that is wanted of ua, provided
we are allowed to get on some constitutional platform.
I do not suppose that there are a thousand men in the
South who Blink differently from myself on this sub
ject; and I have some doubts whether there are as
many us that who would leave tbe Union to-day, if
they were offered fhe choice to go out or return upon
terms of equality.”
Thx Bed—One third of our lives are spent in bed,
and that portion natureaeems to demand for the recu
peration of our energies. Eight hours out of every
twenty-four to repair our humah maebina. Hpw i»-"
portant then is it that the bed on which we repose be
an easy, comfortable and healthful one, inviting quiet
repose and refreshing sleep. Those advertised In onr
columns by S. P. Kittle, ISO Chatham street, N. Y„ are
strongly recommended aa possessing .tha above quali
ties, besides being convenient to handle and very eco
LETTER FRUM GOVERNOR ORR, OF
SOUTH CAROLINA, TO THE SEC.
RETARY OF THE TREASURY.
The Sen Islands of South Carolina.
Governor Orr has addressed a letter to Secretary
McCulloch setting forth’the distress which the sale "of
the lands oil the Sea Islands for tsxea has brought
upon the State. The Governor shows that, according
to the statement of the Commissioner of the Internal
Revenue, the sea board districts of South Carolina
have paid largely in excess of their apportionment of
the direct tax. The letter says;
“The condition of these lands Is such that, owing to
to the action of the direct tax laws, the original owners
are ousted of possession, while the system of leases
and allotments, and in some portions the field-order
of General Sherman, have caused their distribution
among the freedmen and created a strong expectation
among them of continued and more extensive distri
bution. 1 would submit to you, and through you to
the Government, whether any principle of justice
sanction such a double punishment as first to compel
tbe owners of these lands to bear the whole burden of
the State’s taxation and then to confiscate the very
lands which had been so taxed. For, as I have said
before, now that the cessation of war has given the
opportunity, these owners are perfectly willing to pay
their taxes, and ask simply that the principle of re
demption, incorporated in the acts themselves, shall
uot be made barren by being limited to a point of time
before whioh it was clearly impossible to use it
“But there Is another point of view from which the
condition of these lands assumes even graver impor
tance. The question of the relation between tbe white
population uf thin statj and ti.. uew freedmen ha*
been a very perplexing one, and not altogether free
from danger. It ba* been for a long time doubtful
whether the if eedman would contract for labor at all,
and the great difficulty iu the way has been hi* con
viction tnat the lands of his former master, were to
be given to him. This delusion ie not yet dispelled.
In the interior of the State, where there has been no
dispossession of the owners, the freedmen are grad
ually becoming convinced of the truth, and are begin
ning to find that work is a necessity, and by contract
ing for labor at fair wages, only can they secure work.
But in the lbW’country the case is different. Difficul
ties still seem impossible to be overcome and serious
disturbances have occurred. General Sicklee, by en
ergetic and practical action, iB making some progress
to a more wholesome state of affairs. But there i* one
obstacle too strong for him, or the planter, or the
State. This is, the existence in the State of a large
tract of the richest and ruoBt valuable lauds, from
which the white owner is excluded, to which the
freedmen look with the assurance of future pos
session, and over which the State possesses no con
trol, and the military authorities of the United States
can exert no beneficial influence.
“As long as these lands remain in this condition,
so long the freedmen of the low country willrefuse to
work for wages, and the freedman of the up-couhtry
will work discontentedly. Although I see a proposi
tion ha* been made in Congress to confirm the grant
mado by Gen. Sherman’s field order, 1 cannot believe
that either the justice or wisdom of a great govern
ment will permit so fatal an injury to this State as
must be the establishment of a negro colony upon her
borders, wasting her moat fruitful lands, obstructing
her largest harbors, and shutting out from the sea, by
a belt of barrenness, her enterprise and her industry.
But the delay in deciding the status of these lauds is
acting most injuriously upon the fortunes and fu
ture of this State.
It would seem that the appeal of Governor Orr has
uot been entirely without effect, as from a Washing
ton letter we learn that the House Committee on
Freedmen’s Affairs are ready to report book the Sen
ate bill concerning the Freedmen’s Bureau, with sev
eral amendments, one of which, it is stated, was
adopted to satisfy the Governor of South C» relina and
others who made objection to the bill as it passed the
Senate. The amendment bill provides that wbanever
thc lands are restored to their former owners, by the
agreement of the occupants, the latter shall receive
from the Government forty acres out of the public
Judging, however, from the reception given recent,
ly to the party oi i .nd speculators from Pennsylvania
by the Freedmen who at present occupy the Sea Is
lands below CUai:jston, it is not very probable that
the lands now in their possession will be “restored to
their former owneis by agreement of the occupants."
While the matter is left by Congress to the option of
the negro squatters, they will not be likely to relin
quish the lands they now hold for forty seres of other
VIEWS OF CHIEF JUSTICE CHASE
UPON HOLDING CIVIL COURTS IN
THE INSURRECTIONARY" STATES.
He Declines to Hold a Circuit Court with
in a District under Martini Law.
The President, on the 2d instant, communicated the
following to the Senate, in accordance with the request
of that body :
2to the Senate of the United Stales:
PRESIDENT JOHNSON TO CHIEF JUSTICE CHASE.
Executive Mansion, i
Washington, D. C., Oct 2, 1865.)
“Dear Sir—It may become necessary that the gov
ernment prosecute some high crimes and misdemean
ors committed against the United States within the
district of Virginia. Permit me to inquire whether
the Circuit Court of the United States for that district
is so fur organized and in condition to exercise its
functions that yourself or either of the Associate Jus
tices of the Supreme Court will hold a term of the
Circuit Court there during the autumn or early winter
for the trial of causes.
Hon. S. P. Chase, Chief Justice Supreme Court.
chief justice chase’s reply.
Washington, Thursday Evening. Oct. 12, 1865.
Dear Sir—Your letter ot the 2d, directed to Cleve
land and forwarded to Sandusky, reached me there
night before last. I left for Washington yesterday
morning, and have just arrived.
To your inquiry whether a term of the Circuit Court
of the United States for the district of Virginia will be
held by myself or one of the Associate Justices of the
Supreme Court during the autumn or early winter, I
respectfully reply in the negative. Under ordinary
circumstances the regular term authorized by Con
gress would be held on the fourth Monday of Novem
ber, which this year will be the 27th. Only a week
will intervene between that day and the commence
ment of the annual term of the Supreme Court, when
all the Judges are required to be in attendance at
Washington. That time is too short for the transac
tion of any very important business. Were this other
wise, I so much doubt the propriety of holding circuit
courts of the United States in States which have been
declared by tbe Executive and legislative departments
of the national government to be in rebellion, aud
therefore subjected to martial law, before the complete
restoration of-their broken relations with the nation and
the supersedure of the military by the qivil adminis
tration, that I am unwilling to hold such courts in such
States within my circuit, which includes Virginia, un
til Congress shall have had an opportunity to consider
and act on the whole subject. A civil court in a dis
trict under martial law con only act by the sanction
and under the supervision of the military power.—
And I cannot think it becomes the Justices of the
Supreme Court to exercise jurisdiction under such
conditions. In this view lt is proper to say that Mr.
Justice Wayne, whose whole circuit is in the rebel
States, concurs with me. I have had no opportunity
of consulting with tbe other Justices. But the Su-
S rente Court has hitherto declined to consider cases
rought before it by appeal or ont of error from circuit
or district courts in tbe rebel portions of the country.
No very reliable inference, it is true, can be drawn
from this uction, for circumstances have changed
since the court adjourned, but so far as it goes it favors
the conclusion of myself and Mr. Justice Wayne.—
With great respect, yours very truly,
S. P. Chase.
What thc Colored Delegations Think
A delegation from South Carolina, Florida, Missis
sippi, Illinois, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Mas
sachusetts, Rhode Island and other States was recently
at Washington,'composed entirely of colored men, to
urge equality before the law for all American citizens,
without regard to color. Having acted up to the
present without organization, they met last evening
and organized for concerted action.
George L Downing, who represents six New Eng
land States, was elected President; Lewis H. Douglas,
Of Maryland, son of Frederick Douglas, Secretary;
and John Jones, of Illinois, Treasurer. These dele
gates had an interview with Gen. Howard, to-day.
They are unanimously opposed to the colonization or
massing of the colored persons in any place in of out
of the United States. They wish for a continuance of
the freedmen’* bureau, with an enlargement of its
They desire unqualified franchise for colored citi
zens, so long as that shall be, as at present, the gene
ral rulo'bf the State. While they cherish no resentful
feeling toward the States lately in rebellion, they are
opposed to their being allowed political power in tbe
councils of the nation, until they shall give practical
evidence of the adoption in spirit of the amendment
to the constitution, by abolishing legislation in fevor
of a privileged class.
CRAIN AND COMMISSION
153 Bay Street, Savannah.
H AY. HORN, GATS, MEAL. SEED. GRAIN, BRAN,
OILCAKE, Ac., Ac., in quantities to suit, at
lowest market rates.
F. M. MYRELL,
GENERAL COMMISSION AND FOR
BAY STREET, SAVANNAH, GA.
Harris' Buildings, 2d door west of A Low A Co.'s.
Refers to Messrs. Hunter A Gammell, Crane, John
son A Graybill Bell, Wylly A Christian ; Bothwell A
Whitehead; Miller, Thomae & Co.; M. A. Cohen,
199 Mon Street,
PRICE, 5 CENTS.
DRY GOODS HOUSE
ORFF * WATKINS,
DEALERS IN DRY GOODS
IN’ ATiT. XTI
111 A 113 Congress St., Savannah.
tUMlIUSsUia ■■HSKCHAN’Th, dfe.
<Jf Savannah, Ga.
John M. W. Hill;
Ul Jefferson Co., Fla.
A. DUTENHOFER & CO.
Between'Broadway A Greenwich Street. oct27-3m
FOXES Family Soap. For salfe by
IAM, BALDWIN A CO
T H B
Singer Sewing Machines.
Principal Office for the State of Georgia,
116 BU0II6HT0IV STREET,
H. D. HAWLEY, General Agent.
A large assortmeut lor sale at New York prices.
Sewing Machines ot all kinds repaired at short
8titching neatly done. nil
Latest from EgyptI
P ENNY’S NEW EXTRACT OF THE EGYTIAN
LOTUS, a new and exquisite Perfume tor the
liandkurchief. Cleopatra and the ladies of the present
day using the same perfume.
THE EGYPTIAN LOTUS!
THE EGYPTIAN LOTUS!!
THE EGYPTIAN LOTUS!! t
Manufactured by F. A.Penny, Brooklyn, New York,
E. A. LOVEJOY, Agent,
nR ' it »3 Fnlrnn street. N. Y.
Family Dye Colors.
Patented October 13, 1863.
Black for Silk
Light Fawn Drab
For Dyeiug silk. Woolen and Mixed Goods Shawls,
Scarfs, Dresses, Ribbons, Glo/ea, Bonnets,
Hats, Feathers, children’s Clothing,
and all kinds of Wearing Apparel.
tr A SAVING OF 80 PER CENT.
For 25 cents yon can color as many good* as wonld
otherwise cost five tiroes that sum. Various shades
can be produced from the same dye. The process Is
simple, and any one can use the Dye with perfect
success. Directions in English, French aud German,
inside of each package.
HOWE A STEVENS,
260 Broadway, Boston.
For sale by druggists and dealers generally,
octlii-fim - » %
F IRST and only premium awarded at. tihe American
I nstitute Fair, 1865, and State Fair orYa, 1865, for
Crutches. Hartman’s Patent Elastic Rubber Crutcnes
are prononneed by surgeons, and everybody else, to be
the very best ever invented. They are easy aud con
venient, they prevent paralysis of the nerves, do aw ay
with all the w rariness inseparable from the use of all
others, and are in all respects unrivalled. Send for a
circular. Agems wanted everywhere LOVEJOY *
TaVLOK, Sole Manufacturers, No. 47C1, Broadway
N. Y. 6m-n23
Condition of Affaibs in Tennessee.—Judge Pat-
tenon, Senator elect from Tennessee,' wa* before the
Reconstruction Committee on Friday, but was not ex
amined at much length. In reply to questions on dif
ferent, subjects he replied that in East Tennessee the
people needed no Freedman’s ~
there were treated witirgn^t humanity by
ters before the war, and he doubted not v
their new relation*. He said, “All the people of Ten
nessee need is liberty to protect thamaelvra—they are
m no danger from rebels.’’ In deference to tbe appre
hensions of a portion of the people he would not re
commend the Immediate withdrawal of all govern
ment troops from tha Stats, but he twyaitbtUos be
lieved it j—— 4 *'- a-—
OFFICE ENGINEER AND SUPERINTENDENT)
CHARLESTON * SAVANNAH R. R. CO..
Charleston, S. C., Jan. 6,1866. J
A LL perrons are prohibited from removing any
property belonging to this Company from the
line of road, or otherwise trespassing upon it. Of
fender* will ill every instance be prosecuted to the
utmost extent of the law.
H. 8 HAINES,
i‘22-e odlm Engineer and Hupetintenden
W. M. WALSH,
W HOLESALE Druggists, corner Barnard and
Broughton streets, Savaanah, Ga., General
Agent for the Sonth.
Hair Restorer Restores Gray Hair.
Hair Restorer makes Hair grow on Bald Heads.
Hair Restorer Stops Hair from Falling Out.
Hair Restorer Prevents Headache.
Hair Restorer is elegantly Perfumed.
Hair Restorer Is all that can be claimed as a dressing.
Hair Restorer possesses all the merit claimed for it.
A single trial convinces the most sceptical of its
value. If, after a thorough trial, of two bottles lt
does not give perfect satisfaction, the mouey will he
refunded. Sold everywhere at $1 per boitle. Six
bottles for $5 dl8-eo«i tf
Y ALE ROYAL MILL SITE, with basins and privi
leges for several mil Ions of timber. Also a
FARM, containing ISO acres, more or less with am
ple dwellings and barn, Immediately adjoining the
city, west of the canal.
3,000 BUSHELS BLACK SEED OATS, 32 pounds to
. th* bushel, at $1 10 per bushel, Including sack.
Apt ly to . R- BRADLEY,
IB.lw M# Bay street.
C ONSIGNEES per steamship LEO, from New
York, will please attend to the reception of their
goods, landing this day at iMUis’ wharr.
All goods remaining- on the wharf after sunt own
will lie stored at risk and expe *e of owners.
IB OUTAVU3 COIIEN, Agent.
T?1FTY THOUSAND Cypress Shingles jnst received
J 1 and for sale in lots to salt purchasers, at our
wood yard, foot of Fahm street.
fg-3"’ ' BLAKEWOOD * DAY.
—On the sSdof December, in latl 40 N., km. 48 W.,
what wet roppoeed to be one of the Atlantic eehle
buoys wee seen by e passing ship.
L AST Bight, in Broughton street, a POCKET
BOOK, containing a email sum of money; also
some valuable papers, of no use to ary one but the
owner. -The finder is welcome to the money, if they
w(fl return the papers to Hr. Schenck, Metropol
itan Billiard Room, corner of Broughton end Bull
».rc eta.16 8
MUH13I, BULBAHK A WHITFIELD,
BANKERS AND CLAIM AGENTS,
given -to the. cPlkKtfonof <
cnler attention ie
■ against Ufe mated
HENRI TONGE & €0.,
eneral Commission ^crclj’is, j Shipping, Forwar ding,
No. 11 BROAD STREET, AN1J
Bay Street, Savannah, Ga.
SOLICIT consignments of Cotton, Naval Stores,
Sawed Lumber and Timber.
Particular attention given to the purchase of Rail
Hon. J. P. King, President Georgia Railroad,
William M. Wadley, President Central Railroad,
Ferdinand Phtnlzy, E. P Clayton, Augusta.
Charles Day, X. H. Bloom, Macon.
Hnnter A Uammell, Savannah. J13-tf
Henby L. Jewett. James I. Snider.
Jewett & Snider,
WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS AND
Second Street, Macon, Georgia,
(Between Cherry and Poplar.)
Prompt penonal attention given to all consign
mc-uts of cotton, produce, manufactures and other
articles of merchandise. Orders and consignments
solicited from all part* of the country. Best attention
given to orders for purchasing cotton.
Agents for several first class Insurance Companies.
J. C. KOCH,
No. 35 Beekman Street,
Corner of Wiliam,
M&nufactnrer of Stationery, Photographic AlbumB,
Music Paper, Folios, Books) Ac.
shipment of cotton, lumber and country.pro
dnve generally. Consignments solicited,
on which liberal advances '
will be made.
Brigham, Baldwin A Co., Savannah ; Hiram Rob
erts, Savannah ; J. H. Zeilin A Co., Macon, Go. • Dr
N. L Augier, IntiRev. Col., Augusta; JamesM. Ball,
Esq., Atlanta, Ga.; Willis Chisholm, Atlanta, Ua. -
C. L Robinson, Jacksonville, Fla.; F. Dibble, Jack
sonville, Fla ; Col. W. L. Bailey, Jefferson couuiy,
Fla.; D. H. Baldwin A Co., New Yoik; Bearden A
Co., New York. Waireu Mitchell, Esq., Louisville
H O ME
CAPITAL, - - - 2,500,000.
.. . — President.
M. A. COHEN, Secretary.
Andrew Low, Wm, H. Stake.
Hknrt Briouam, Jno. R. Wilder,
John Lama, Jusefh Lippman,
D. H. Baldwin, Jno. W. Anderson.
UENBY LaTHBOP, j UOTAYUS CoHBN.
Aaron Wilbuk, | j mo . M. Cooper.
For Insurance against Loss or Damage by
Fire, apply at the
OFFICE OF THE COMPANY,
89 BAY STREET, - SAVANNAH, GA.
GEO. D. FOWLS.
WAI. X. HOT.
FOWLE & CO.
FORMERLY OF ALEXANDRIA VA.,
Importers of Railroad Iron and Dealers in
Office, 70 Broadway,
A. S. Hartridge,
COMMISSION AND FORWARDING
92 BAY STREET,
JOHN MERRY MAN.
B. H. WARING.
JOHN MERRYMAN & CO.,
Farmers’ and Planters’ Agency
F OR the sale of Gnano, Fertilizers, Live Stock, Im
plements and Machinery, Seeds, Ac.
07 W. Fayette Street,
Refer to John S. Sittings, President Chesapeake
Bank ; Chas. Goodwin, Cashier Franklin Bank, Balti
more ; E. C. Wade A Co. and P. U. fiebn. Savannah.
CHAS. L. COLBY & CO.,
Shipping Commission and Forwarding
JONES BLOOR, CORNER DAT AND AUER CORN STREET
LIBERAL CASH ADVANCES
Made on Consignments o the firm of Chas. L.-Colby,
of New York, or to onr friends in Boston.
Messrs. Dabney, Morgan A Co , New York.
Jarivs Siade, Esq., New York.
Hou. J Wiley Edmunds, Boston.
Gardner Co.by, Esq., Boston. sep 18—tl
JOHN L. VILLALONGA,
FORWARDING AND COMMISSION MER
No. 84- Bay Street,
MITCHEL & SMITHS,
Particular attention given to the sale, purchase
ana shipment of cotton, cotton yarns/sheeting,
shirting and general merchandise; also, to receiving
and forwarding, goods.
Erwin & Hardee, Savannah
Claghorn & Cunningham, Savannah.
J. W. Lathrop, Savannah.
Aaron Wilbur, Savannah.
E. B. Long & Co., Aagnsta.
Lloyd G Bowers, C-elumbus.
V. A. GasRill, Atlanta.
William Bryce & Co., New York.
A. P. Tapley, Boston.
Grilling & Tobey, Memphis.
S. c*. Wood, Nashville.
Gnterie & Co , Lonlsville, Kentucky.
LAURANT, WAYNE & SWEAT.
Bay st. between Whitaker and Barnard.
CTH1CT attention will be given to the purchase
kj aud sale of General Merchandise, Cotton, Tim
ber, Lumber, Rear Estate, Stocks, Bonds, Ac.
K. A WAYNE,
in-lf SAML.B SWEAT,
Goo. K. Crump,
Wm, A. Wriout,
Late of Richmond, Va.
GEO. R. GRUMP & GO.,
General Commission Merchants
AND WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
Groceries, Lianors, Tobacco, Segars,
SALTED FISH, &c.
209 Broad St., Augusta, Ga,
W Will purchase and sell on Commission Cotton,
Tobxooo, Produce, and Merchandise of every de
Refers to the Merchants and Bankers of Augusts.
Ga., Richmond, Va., and Jno. C. Ferrill, Esu„ De-
Witt* Morgan, Gaden <Ss Unckles, A. A. Solomons A
Co., J. T. Paterson A Co., R. Molina, Esq., Savannah.
THE NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE
CashAsseUs. r. $3,000,000
Last Cash Return...; 750,000
Losseb P&id * «i> | iwuv
Total Surplus Divided... ' l’047’nnn
Amount Insured 2 4 849 48L
All Classes of Life Policies Issued. ’
T ,, „ B F - STEVENS, President.
J. Al. Gibbens, Secretary.
General Agent Georgia and Florida.
COLUMBIA FIRE INSURANCE COMPA
NY, OF NEW YORK.
Cash Capital $500,000
TIMOTHY G. CHURCHILL, Prest.
John D. Arthor, Secretary.
Frederic B. Eelioxt, Supt. of Agencies.
General Agent South.
FULTON FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY
OF NEW YORK.
Cash Capital $200,000
t WM. A. COBB, President.
Jas. M. Rankin, Secretary.
General Agent South.
EXCELSIOR FIRE INSURANCE COM
PANY, OF NEW YORK.
Capital aDd Surplus $260 000
0 MARCUS F. DODGE, President.
oaml. M. Craft, Secretary.
General Agent South.
PUTNAM FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY
OF HARTFORD, CONN.
Cash Capital $500 000
Daniel Bdck, Secretary.
General Agent South.
SPRINGFIELD FIRE AND MARINE IN
SURANCE COMPANY, SPRiNG-
Cash Capita]................... m $300 000
EDMUND FREEMANi President.
VV m. Connar, Jr., Secretary.
General Agent Sonth.
WASHINGTON FIRE INSURANCE COM-
PANY, OF BALTIMORE, MD.
F J CAWBY, President.
-h • J. MCGINNIS, Secretary.
General Agent South.
Lumber & Commission
No. 9 STODDARD'S LOWER RANGE
Bay Street, Savannah,
G. B. & G. W. LAMAR,
Genml Commission Merchants.
Forwarding and .Shipping Agents,
NO. BAf STREET, (upstairs.)
Refer to Geo. W. Anderson, Jno C. Ferrel and G. B.
Lamar, Savmmaiffi; W. E Jackson, Josiah Sibley A
Sorts, J. B. A J. W. Walker, Augusta. Consignments
THOS. H. AUSTIN,
Forwarding and Commission Merchant,
No. 95 BAY STREET,
(dp ST AIKS)
2-3m* SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
HAWKINS & FAY,
NO. 47 PEARL STREET,
NEAR PRODUCE EXCHANGE, N. Y.
WM. II. HAWKINS, J. ROCKWELL FAT.
Particular attention paid to buying Produce, Provi
sions, Whiskies, and Cigars, on order, aud to con
. _. janiMM_
CLINTON HUNTER, firm of Spofford, Tfleston *
Co., New York. Fancher A McCheaney, 5 Water-et,
New York. Richard Rllir, 114 Water street. New
York. Wm. B. Miles, 89 Christie sireet. New Yoik.
W. E. Sibell, 6 Wall street," New York. Lewis L.
Jones, iv Br> s. W. Maron A Co., Savannah.
SOUTHERN AND WESTERN
Collection and Commission Agency,
handle Southern land and property of all descriptions.
Parties wishing to sell sre invited to forward data.—
Numerous applications now on file from partied wish
ing to purchase.
Make collection* on all parts of the country.
Pay especial attention to the sale. am. dkpooal of
Southern products, and make advances on direct
MATTHEW H. BRIDGE, Manager,
No.» Brood sl, New York.
Hon. Beniamin Fitiroairick,-Ex-Gc*ernor of Alabama,
P. Harmony, Nephews A Oo., Bankers, 38 Broadway.
Messrs. H. B. Clafin * Oo . Importers, N*w York.
A. W. Greenleaf, Esq-, Banker, N. Y. niLSm
JOHN S. SAMMIS & CO.,
Forwarding and Commission
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN
Dry Goods, Groceries, &c.
NOS. T AND 2 SAMMIS’ BLOCK,
Bay Street, Jacksonville, Florida.
■D. G. SAMMIS.
Aociion and Commission Merchant
No 3- STODDARD’S WESTERN RANGE,
WILL GIVE ATTENTION TO
Sales of Merchandise and Underwriters' Sales: to
Purchase and Sale of. stocks, Bonds and
other Securities ; also Heal Estate,
At Privateor Publie Sale.
I. P. Bodak. W. A. Bk\ ~nt.
Bouse & Bryant,
(Formerly of Jacksonville. Florida,j
Forwarding and Commission Merchants,
104 Bay Street.
SAVANNAH, - - - - GEORGIA.
tl/Ki ffl™ prompt attention to receiving and for-
“ . warding good*, sales 011 consignment, and all
orders. And will also keep constantly on baud a
good stock of Groceries, Liquors, Agricultural imple
ment*, building Materials, Fairbanks A Co. 's Scales
Ac., besides other goods and manufactured article*
tor *ale on consignment and for wh ch they are
agents. Orders and consignments respectfully solic
BtllLM LOTN FOR NILE.
S EVEN choice Lots, 60x90 each, fronting wcat on
the Parade Ground, corner of Drayton and
Gwinnett streets; fee simple and free from city tax.
Tens a etnr. Apply to
123 JBBYANe HARTBIDGE A CO.
SOUTHERN MUTUAL LIFE INSU
(Established in 1849.)
F. W. MoMASTT^ZYjf- D * AV3 *VnE, Pres.
a^as the WId0WS
thlmsurere. ar ' '° W a “ d Pr ° fltS regu,arl T returned to
J. B. READ, M. D. Medical Examiner.
National Marine and Fire
OF NEW ORLEANS
, "“^(tned begs leave to inform the insuring
. P L,^ L th t h ,*f, be#n le S a,, T appointed Agentfor
the above named Company, and is readv to take Ma
rine, River and Fire Rieka at customary rates.
A<a „ O. C. MYERU, A pent,
129-3m ffi Hunter & Gammell, 84 Bay atreet.
FIRE AND MARINE
_ ^ ~
SECURITY INSURACE COMPANY.
Capital and Surplus $1,600,000
PHOENIX INSURANCE CO.
Capital and Surplus $1,500,000
INTERNATIONAL INSURANCE CO.
Capital and Surplus $1,200,000
MANHATTAN INSURANCE CO-
Capital and Surplus $900,000
Risks taken in the above highly responsible Com
panies on buildings and merchandise of til descrip
tions, at the lowest rates corresponding with tha
risks. Apply to
. A. A LATTE, Agent,
5 # - U Stoddard's Range, Bay street.
txt oTICB is hereby given that I have made applica-
XN tion to the Court of Ordinary of Chatham
county for leave to sell nil the real and personal prop
erty of tbe estate of Frederick Jachens, deceased.
Ha n STODDARD’S LOWER RANGE.p
SEX BALES SEA ISLAND BAGGING,
JFORDYCBi*ANDERSON A JANNKY,
S-tf ]0 Stoddard’s Range.
1 AA COILS Flax Rope; a superior article to Green-
J W -leaf or any outer brand.
In store and for sale fry
12 CHAS. L. COLBY A CO-