annah Daily Herald
SAVANNAH, GEORGIA, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 15. 1866:
„ TVELISHKD BY
>V . NASON.
live C CLlt-to.
„ L.iich ior first in-
Hi Ten Linos ior fir
nJ'.r- l»: rN l' • i, subsequent one.
',<>!. «* ,; l> " rl >T< ’
Ma.fitouKYiLU:, Feb. 10, I860,
met at 10 o’clock, A. M.
•>» , *t ,■( aJ and approved.
' N t AiAl'T£R.
, ,, , relieve tile people of Georgia the
’ ,r:cr .‘the pajmerit of taxes, and to pro-
•■ :i " i' u i »a,uOo.OOu by tbe sale of the
.".t the , clian( ,e lbs line between Greene
n»'d' r ' 1
; amend Section 4,420 of tbe
THE CLAIMS OP LOYAL CITIZENS POE DAMAGE* TO
PBOPEETT BY THE WAS.
The House Committee on Claims had a meeting to
day for the purpose of deciding upon the course to be
pursued in reference to the numerous claims of loyal
citizens for damages to property by the war. There
wul be a great diversity of opinion in reference to this
subject, and for some unexplained reason a vote upon
it was postponed until the next meeting of the com
mittee. There are now on file over two hundred claims
irom citizens of undoubted loyalty residing in Ken
tucky, Tennessee, Missouri and Virginia.
Six thousand copies of the report of the Committee
on Claims relative to claims growing out of damages
in the late rebellion will be printed, to the end that
all may know the views of the committee upon that
class of claims. Very few will be favorably consid
ENGLISH SYMPATHY WITH FREEDMEN.
The Birmingham, England, Association for the re
lief of the dcstituteVreedmen pf the United States, has
just contributed another cargo of goods to General
Howard for distribution, and the Secretary of the
Treasury has ordered their admission into port free of
THE NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
have had a meeting for general consultation, but did
not come to any determination as to recommending
any particular or special course of policy to be here
after pursued by the democratic part}*. A mass meet
ing is advertised to sustain the restoration policy of
the President, to take place on the 22d of February.
REJOINDER OF THE NEGRO DELE.
GATION TO PRESIDENT JOHNSON.
bill w pi; ov
via - for the taking of the census of
,,;l to euau-gu ibe powers of the City
l, 11 to cliange tbe time of bolding the
the bonds of the sheriffs
itiAii, a ’ ’ K . U1 j Baldwin counties.
. ’to eularte the powers of the City
i certain citizens of Richmond
i, aid to Mrs. Brown,
ibf.ec.iud and third Congressional
Tuitions 4,702 and 4,793 of the Code.
p fi r- nee to persons who suberibed to
lieU-uou Loan. Passed-.
I |;LLS 0 .V THIRD BEADINO.
,,i Slate Librarian and clerks
; _ phased. Tbe salaries are fixed
", , .0- ibe Bliirsville Mining and Mauu-
’’ nv Passed.
1L ad tbe second time.
met at o’clock A. M.
,ii (’iicii, incm'cd to reconsider so much
‘'' ti j e House ou yesterday in the passage
, '.uipeiisate ordinaries and clerks for atl-
v « utl». Thu motion prevailed,
i . r^ui'l- pa seed.
m . |, a n m in granted to an agent of an
'’ J s , l ' i . a .,y to address lhe members of the
.P.ci.iUy cii Monday night.
Ui-L^gS TllIBO REAtMNG.
. ,, wcM the Empire alanutacturing Com-
' r ^ le.i'uuts togive bond for the forth-
.:v ui ceria*u cases. Lust,
iliciiporate the Gate City Gas Company.
. rv out an ordinance of the State in refer-
veo'uturH, a**. Also to carry into effect 5th
v ,,, nf Constitution of the State in re
ts o. co irts. iPassed,
j iil charges for diet of prisoners.
. ,u l
. Ap te the North Georgia Petroleum and
tiiF aa 3- ^"^d.
ijx, au, .arued till Monday morning 9 o’clock.
i iiOM WASHINGTON.
'.(•.uiiil'i View;,—The Colored Suf-
I irate Uuestioii—A New Party—The
I iViihdrttwal ol* the French from Mexi-
ur Go.nlament to Kemaiii Neu-
vr.k .;\orv.:.. February 8.—The addresses of the
erdav have produced a deep sensation,
:c„ .... T -Widen trie breach between him and the
IL. bisumption that the enfranchisement of the
:i }»i . duce a war of races, is regarded as in-
jt.'. i the President’s action on the penning
. uieiii is l* ins organized to Tiring new con-
r.. . inilueucea to bear on tue Spring elections ui
., at and utm r States, in support of the Preai-
t M ti *i Emperor’s speech on the withdrawal of
:.wi p.- g.-.ce general ssLisiaction, aithougn the
at •’.'u: unnciprtw’.l by semi-olhcial asuurances.
nrv turn of the Mexican qttes.ion is looked
, uy Mr. tx .vard’s uitnda as the cicwmng triumph
as kiiplapihtic career.
:i- neutrality will continue to be pre-
red by our govcrnmein. The issue bcr.veeu Maxi-
iaii and Jui.rcz muot bo alone decided by Mexicans
hi r* '.,i’.-i no action in tiie Committee of Ways and
beedmAn's bureau bill.
Ibe House concurred in the Senate amendment to
IhcTsecdmeu’s Bureau bill, striking out the provis-
Juiijjjiaily iuserted by the House, which restricted
* Bureau to States in which the habeas corpus was
ipended l ob. 1. The bill goes to the President,
udure, including Delaware, Maryland, and Mis-
un, a- well as Kentucky and other quasi-Rebel
P’ates. Tiie Tribune thinks there is no reason to ap-
h-Tchciid a veto from the President. The bill obtained
F* e than a two-thirds vote in both Houses.
IKiRGES AGAINST JEFF DAVIS AND OTHER TRAITORS.
•« President to-day transmitted to the House of
Kriireseutatives communications from the Secretary
i: War and the Attorney General, in reply to a resolu-
t- >l requesting him, if not incompatible with the pub-
• iti'Acsts, to furnish any report or reports made by
tie Juti*ie Advocate General, or any other officer of the
• ri 1 :,. ut, as to the grounds, facts or accusations
n which Jefferson Davis, Clement C. Clay, Jr.,
•' ;brr: 1. Mallory and David L. Yulee, or either of
tLfc ^ ^ held in confinement.
•b-Attorney General says to the President: “Sun-
• y rep >n* of the facts which go to show that Jefferson
• r..s sad other rebels have been guilty of high crimes
u, ‘- made to you, as the chief executive officer
tithe tiovernment. Most of the evidence on which
'-v iretuacd was obtained rxparte, without notice
• - accused; and while they were in custody in
inaons, tlscir publicauon might wrong the
|| vtiLia. i:t. .-r the accused, or both. While I see
::4 [ ; wrong may flow from the publication, I
: • • that any good would come from it. In my
• i- i' ii and private justice alike demand that
“• vJ d not be made public.”
1 * -a.. ..uy m War says to the President: “These
rc made for your own information, and eon-
.-tracts <>f evidence and er parte proof in pos-
v ' • ! * f the bureau of Mihtary Justice. Pending
y ■ ii in reep. i t to the parties accused, the pub-
•y. i; ..it!,., report is, in my opinion, incompatible
T 1 • --dent concurs in these opinions.
• •'- , K»5£i> m'ERTIOATION INTO THE CONDUCT OF
TREASURY AGENTS IN THE SOUTH.
, ' i L itton frauds had quito an exciting
•• muz -u the Senate during the morning hour ofto-
. o was introduced by Senator Davis in a resolu-
• ■■ V' vidiug for the appointment of a special com-
thiamine into the alleged peculation of the
' ’ • agents in the South. Senators Sherman
*i '""^'‘cn lntmiated their disinclination to touch
; 01 these irauds, apparently dreading
hVTs :u,1<f intdm y 01 discioaure that will
McDougal wanted particular atten-
t;. t 1 ' l “:* Pe ^ret history of cotton operations at
cuice t *'V V <JrieaU8 » aQ d give peculiar signifi-
aainifa n ., u ° . hl9 suggestion by giving an
'■"■'•Ri ui s'. 1 " llall0n of the plots of two brothers
a p e llea88Ume d t0 be particularly well
ikvt E y-° r ’- he resumed his seat the Senator
1 * •i ■ cuho8it y he had excited and gave
,r " : *:aib" . : ‘ C 8t0, y tlle brother of ex-Major
'iV-.-i: JU, lthe renowned warrior him sell.—
" v ‘ r un hl Monday.
senator JOHNSON t)N THE NEW CONSTI-
, f txokal AMENDMENT.
5 • • C0IlV ‘ nc ihg arguments upon recon-
■tbeen delivered in the Senate
• • -n Ui L - railca\i rt Revei *dy Johnson this afternoon,
hglitened, dudT *, ^ited an incimation to be en-
of Guest’oi d eminent logician with a va-
- v cd aiisuvr^ Propositions, to which they re-
nj;d p U :_ r . !? fct P°s'*tive and clear. Mr. Johnson
^pef Cn ,‘“ in , enuL, a to the points in Sumner’s
: *-Ttk '.v:m a the premises therein set
hioiitieji. Mr c,, c ai * d unanswerable array of au-
:; 1 tiideavOred * mner speared to be deeply nettled,
with thikuiw''i T^jpond, but finally contented him-
^hons were a „ , lleati dubiously whenever his po-
" and brought down.
Mr. f es R * H j 8 f EEtH 0F MIt * FESSENDEN.
^.■uju^nto^Air V peech , yesterday, in reply to the
! ; ’ r.-.jifr*,,/ „ , mi yr. proved his power as a de-
m hour uud •, i° n- 8 ’ the Senator from Maine spoke
Ult: ’ •• 1 ainendni.-.mi a -n d T h L B defenoe of tlie Consti-
RtL. Senate ^ ! id "’‘h. I think, secure its passage
01 ■Sumner wH!. 8 01 li8 crit icism on the argument
Jll « which I e xr Very 8evere » M may be seen by
-Jneudiu. ’ Lt 4 at . * speaking of the propoeed
uI1 tten bhould , fain 2 the great principle that
a *n, i? tl l Ual . and he went on to say:
ittated—that 11 ail r , com P r °miBe'—for so it was denom-
• hehreH nt. ‘ c Committee of Fifteen and the House
' ui the s.tnaH wLl ‘ n ih °y P asae d it placed them-
J i ti Jd Savilmt 10 ^ v 1 PontiU8 Pi^te, with the ne-
^ited States V? ^orld and the people of the
senator x P, ara jba8 * as designated by the hon-
% L.;>.t hivatn 81 f* 1 expected to hear him in
with the cwmSS?® 1 ^a 11 tha t, and say that
Til fc Const itu^Q ^htuUon °t‘ the United States and
^Std, and that tw* ^tes the negro had been cru-
l f°n the stone 11118 ^endment to the Consti-
J? hl * S' lmlchrc^ri 1 }? 6 u r ? Ued from tt 1 ® door
ihroneof the had'ascended to sit on the
have been ad judge the world! • One
w good taat* mo to say with all resnect. in.
Washington, Thursday. Feb. 8. 1866.—The follow
ing is the published reply of the Colored Delegation to
President Johnson, prepared after they had their in
terview with him yesterday.
Mr. President : In consideration of a delicate sense
of propriety, as well as your own repeated intimations
of indisposition to disouss or to listen to a reply to the
views and opinions you were pleased to express to
us in your elaborate speech to-day, the undersigned
would respectfully take this method of replying there
Believing, as we do, that the views and opinions ex
pressed in that address are entirely unsound and pre
judicial to the highest interests of our race as weU as
of our country, we cannot do otherwise than expose
the same, and, as far as may be in our power, arrest
their dangerous influence.
It is not necessary at this time to call attention to
more than two or three features of your remarkable
The first point to which we feel especially bound to
take exception is your attempt to found a policy op
posed to our enfranchisement, upon the alleged ground
of an existing hostility on the part of the former
slaves toward the poor white people,of the South.
We admit the existence of this hostility and hold
that it is entirely reciprocal.
But you obviously commit an error by drawing an
argument from an incident of a state of slavery, and
making it a basis for a policy adapted to a state of free
The hostility between the whites and blacks of the
South is easily explained. It has its root and sap in
the relation of slavery, and was incited on both sides
by the cunning of the slave-masters. These masters
secured their ascendency over both the poor whites
and the blacks by putting enmity between them. They
divided both to conquer each.
There was no earthly reason why the blacks shonld
not hate and dread the poor whites, when in a state of
slavery, for it was from tliiB class that their masters
received their slave-catchers, slave-drivers, and over
seers. They were the men called in upon all occasions
by the masters when any fiendish outrage was to be
committed upon the ffiave.
Now, Sir, you cannot but perceive that the cause of
this hatred removed, the cause must be removed also.
Slavery is abolished. The cause of antagonism is re
moved, and you must see that it is altogether illogi
cal—“putting new wine into old bottles, mending new
garments with old clothes”—to legislate from slave*
holding and slave-driving premises for a people whom
you have repeatedly declared your purpose to maintain
in freedom. Besides, even if it were true, as you al
lege, that the hostilUy of the blacks toward the poor
whites must necessarily bo the same in a state of free
dom as in a state of slavery, in the name of Heaven we
reverently ask, how can you, in view of your professed
desire to promote the welfare of the black man, de
prive him of all means of defense, and clothe him
whom you regard as his enemy in the panoply of po
litical power ? Can it be that you would recommend &
policy which would arm the strong and cast down the
defenceless ? Can you by any possibility of reasoning
regard this as just, fair or wise ?
Experience proves that those are oftenest abused
| who can be abused with the greatest impunity. Men
| are whipped oftenest who are whipped easiest. Peace
between the two races is not to be secured by degrad-
| ing one race and exalting another—by giving power to
one race and withholding it from another, but by
maintaining a state of equal justice between all par
ties ; first pure—then peaceable.
On the colonization theory which you were pleased
to breach very much could be said. It is impossible
to suppose, In view of the usefulness of the black man
in time of peace as a laborer in the South, and in ume
of war ns a soldier at the North, and the growing re
spect or his rights among the people, and his m-
creasiy 0 adaptation to a high state of civilization in
this his native'land, there can ever -come a time when
he can be removed from this country without a terrible
shock to its prosperity and peace.
Beside, the worst enemies of the nation could not
cast upon its fair name a greater infamy than to sup
pose that negroes could be tolerated among them in a
state of the most degrading slavery and oppression,
and must be cast away and driven into exile for nu
other cause than having been freed from their chains.
George T. Downing, Frederick Douglass,
John Jones, Lewis H. Douglass,
William Whipper, And others.
Washington. Feb. 7, 1866.
The conference of Fred. Douglass and his delegation
with the President has produced quite a sensation at
the North, and the leading presses are commenting
freely upon it. The Tribune thinks the negroes got
the better of the President in the interview, and high
ly eulogises their published reply to his ^?eech. The
New York World (anti-republican) says:
“The letter to President Johnson, prepared by Fred.
Douglass and other clever negroes,after their reception,
is in a tone of insolence which suits with the Indeco
rum of their attempt to get up a debate with the Presi
dent in the White House. None of the great depart
ments of the Government—-neither Congress nor the
Judiciary—would thus attempt to beard the President
of the United States, and to convert the Presidential
mansion into the arena of a controversy, such as some
times occurs between rival candidates on the stump.
Whether this transgression of the proprieties due to
the official head of the nation ought to be regarded as
a new proof of the fitness of the negro race for the ex
ercise of political functions, is a question which we
leave to the decision of their peculiar friends.
“The denunciation of President Johnson by Fred.
Douglass and company is of little account; but the
frank remarks made to them by the President chal
lenge attention as an exposition of his views on one of
the moat interesting problems of the time. There can
hereafter be no doubt, either as to his precise position,
its grounds, or the persistent resolution with which he
will maintain it,”
The Times (Admistration) says:
“There is nothing novel in this formal arraignment
of the Executive policy. Least of all is there any un
due modesty in the tone in which the President is ad
dressed. While demanding an immediate and uni
versal enfranchisement for their kindred, these negro
representatives not only overlook the vastness and the
most miraculous suddenness of their release from serf
dom, but they forgot altogether, in their self-apprecia
tion, that they are to-day a community for whose pro
tection a National Commission of Charities if not of
Corrections, has been established. Declared by their
professional champions to be the “wards of the na
tion,” they are the recipients of eleemosynary aid, not
as individual paupers of the superior race receive
charity, but as a separate community, having special
and peculiar claims. The maintenance of a Freed
man’s Bureau, admitted by all thoughtful men ndt
blinded by partiz&nsbip to be a necessity ( for the time
at least, is justified only upon the principle that the
race of recently emancipated slaves is in a transition
state ; that their new social and industrial status has
not yet been assured ; that, practically, in all but ex
ceptional cases, they are social aliens for the time by
the very act of their emancipation, and that the terri
ble disabilities which this social alienation entails—
even if His but temporary—entitle them to the elee
mosynary aid which the liberality of Congress has
“They have no argument to present against the ju
dicious and conciliatory counsel of the President, but
such as is drawn from a selfish and arrogant estimate
of their own impoHance in the body politic. They have
not even the first expression of gratitude for the vast
sacrifices which their emancipation has entailed on
present and future generation's of Northern freemen.
They see nothing in the President’s policy for which
to make acknowledgment. And they are perfectly in
different whether the States of the South should be re
stored to the national Union or not—provided only
universal and instant negro enfranchisement is made
part of the organic law of the land. The President
judges that, before all this is conceded, there are vari
ous other interests to be consulted. And, with a per-.
feet reliance upon the judgment and the temper of
the American people, he is prepared to see sectional
ism and fanaticism to their utmost, without receding
himself a single step from his policy of conciliation and
The Sun (Republican) says :
“ We seldom see a more pungent and tersely written
document than the reply of the colored delegation to
the remarks of President Johnson. It is clear, logi
cal, forcible, or fair literary merit, evincing good taste
and good sense. While dissenting from some of the
opinions they have expressed, we must award to the
colored deletion the credit of having acouitted
themselves in a manner that would answer well as an
example for many others who have whiter skins and
more pretension. We particularly commend their
address to the attention of the sixty-nine members of
the House of Representatives, who are recorded for
the delivery of speeches upon the reconstruction ques
tions. If they sucased in presenting their armunenta
as clearly, tersely, and briefly as the colored delega
tion have done, thev will dp exceedingly well—much
better than a majority of those who have already
given vent to their riews upon subject.”
—A Mr. Orf; a German gentleman from. Ohio, has
gone to MilledgevUe, to consult with tile 'State au
thorities of Georgia in regard to a large'colony of Ger
man emigrants whith he intends to bring out from
Europe, if proper encouragement is given.
Highly Important from ‘Pern.
AN OFFENSIVE AND DEFENSIVE ALLIANCE
Declaration of War Againit Spain.
OTHER SOUTH AMERICAN REPUBLICS EX
PECTED TO JOIN THEALLIANCE
Panama, Feb. 1, 1866.—The public mind is at last
relieved of its feeling of dissatisfaction at the tempor
izing policy heretofore pursued by Peru toward Spain.
The steamship Peru, Capt. Hall, arrived here at a late
hour of the 30th ult Her news from Calao to the
‘23d is of tiie utmost importance. War has been de
clared. An alliance, offensive and defensive, against
Spain, has been concluded between Chili and Peru.
When the steamer left Callao the connecting steamer
from Valparaiso had not arrived, although overdue
three days. We are, consequently without later in
telligence from Chili.
The complications lately existing in the diplomatic
relations of Spam with Peru have at last assumed a
clear and well defined appearance. Considering the
belligcreut attitude assumed oy the Bpaniah Govern
ment through its Pacific squadron as directly men
acing the internal as well as external safety of the Pe
ruvian Republic, a treaty, offensive and defensive,
against Spain has been agreed. upon between the first-
uarned power and Chili. This treaty was concluded
on the 5th of last December, but it was agreed between
Senor Pacheco, the Peruvian, and Senor Senta Maria,
the Chilian Commissioner, that the afftur should not
be given publicity until ratified by the Chilian Con
However, the matter had been disclosed to certain
parties over a fortnight ago—and a public acknowl
edgement is only received as confirmatory intelli
gence. The Congress of Chili lost no time in ratify
ing and approving the treaty, and consequently, war
was proclaimed by Peru against Spain, on the 14th
of January, 1866.
The following translation of the decree of General
Prado, is taken from the columns of the Panama Star
“Mariano Ignacio Prado, Provisional Supreme
Chief of the Republic:
“In consideration. That Peru, independently from
the Bpecial reasons which she has for demanding from
the Government of Spain ihe reparation of grave of
fenses which the latter* has inflicted on her, has been
obliged to consider, and considers as her own the
question which the latter Government has raised
against Chili; and that in consequence thereof a treaty
of alliance, offensive and defensive, has been signed,
approved and ratified between both Republics, with
the object of saving each ather mutually, and also
America from the unjust violent aggressions of Spain;
“ ‘Art. 1. The Republic is declared to be in a state of
war with the Government of Spain.
“ ‘Art. '1. The Secretary of foreign Relations will
take care to communicate this declaration to all friend
ly nations, with a corresponding manifest of the rea
sons which have caused the same.
“The Secretaries of State, each one in the Depart
ment that belongs to him, are charged with the execu
tion of this decree and with the publication of the
same with due solemnity.
••Given at the Government House, in Lima, the 14th
of January, 1866.
“Mariano I. Prado.”
The promulgation of the order to prepare for war
was received with the wildest enthusiasm by the Pe
ruvians. They are obeying the order with an alacrity
that bodes no good to their enemy. The naval squad
ron has left to join the Chilian vessels. The combined
squaron will couaist of the following men-ol-war:
Peruvian—Assurimac, 60 guns (flag-ship); Amazonas,
44 guns ; America, 10 guns ; Union, 10 guns.
Chilian—Esmeralda, 32 guns ; Maissu, 8 guns, and
Covodonga, 3 guns—making a total of 7 vessels, mount
ing together 167 rifled guns of heavy calibre.
The commanding officer of the squadron has orders
to attack vessels belonging to the Spanish fleet when
ever an opportunity to do so is offered. It is thought
that Commodore Nunes will maintain the defensive
altogether, until he is enabled to communicate with
tiie home Government, and receive instruction from
lt is the uuanimously expressed opinion both in
and out of Peru, that there is to be no sham in this
war. The intense hatred with which Peruvians re
gard the mother country, precludes the possibility of
there being any leniency shown on their side at any
rate. Spanish residents in Peru are prevented leaving
the country, and the strictest watch is kept upon all
their actions. It *s claimed that this step is necessary
in order to prevent illegitimate communication with
the enemy. No persons are allowed to leave the coun
try without proper passports.
Our Minister at Lima, Gen. Hovey, is said to be ac
tively protecting American interests during the pres
ent crisis. The United States steamer Wateree will
remain in the port of Callao until relieved.
Thus the subject of the revolution against the Pezet
Government is finally attained. The result no one can
foretell. In this war, however, Peru has taken the
initiatory step, and has tiie advantage of being fully
prepared for the conflict. The contending parties are
about equally matched as regards strength, but the
enlistment of foreign officers in the allied navy gives it
an equal if not the preponderating amount of skill.
Toi pedo, and other infernal machinery for the destruc
tion of the Spanish ships, has already arrived at Callao.
It was purchased in New York by an agent of the
Chilian Government, who passed through Panama on
his return a fortnight ago.
It was expected that Bolivia and Ecuador would
also soon be added to Spain’s armed antagonists. A
late report is to the effect that all the vessels of the
Spanish blockading fleet on the Chi ian coast had
been concentrated at Valparaiso, and an early bom
bardment of that city was regarded as among the pos
sibilities. General Kilpatrick, our Minister to Chili,
had arrived at Callao, Peru.
In Spain the news ol the capture of the Spanish
steamer Covadonga by the Chilians has caused the
most violent ferment. A warlike address has been
voted by the Cortes, instructions have been despatch
ed to the Spanish Admiral to avenge the national
honor, and the Madrid papers absolutely foam with
rage. One of the mildest of these journals asserts that
“Spain puts up with insults from nobody, and is not
bound to show consideration for any country in the
world.” A more violent contemporary demands that
“wherever a palace or a hohse or a hut inhabited by
these bastard children of ours, by these parricides,
may be seen, there must the Spanish shell fail;” whilst
a provincial paper gravely warns France, England and
the United States “to stand aside; for whoever comes
between Spain and her foes is Spain’s foe.”
The Mexican Question.
The correspondefice and advices from Paris as to
the present status of tbe Mexican question in the
French capital are pregnant, with promises of a peace
ful solution of the difficulty. The universal impres
sion appears to be that Napoleon has abandoned Maxi
milian to his fate, and only waits for some loophole
securing the French bondholders from loss to get out
of Mexico as quickly as possible. The official Blue
Book laid before the Corps Legislatif declared in the
most unequivocal terms that the French troopiyire
not in Mexico on the principle of intervention, and
that as soon as possible they will be withdrawn. *La
France repeats, in substance, the same declaration,
with a sav mg clause about “those financial measures
which have associated the credit of France with that
of Mexico,” and the Debats prophesies a speedy ter
mination of the intervention. As a commencement
of the final abandonment of Maximilian, the semi
official papers are beginning to repudiate responsibili
ty for his acts. Abundance of friendly compliments
are showered on the United States from all sides, and
the vast power of the republic is frankly acknowledged.
A les* peaceful view of the Mexican situation ap
pears to be obtaining ground at our national capital.
Washington advices represent that in Congressional
circles there Napoleon’s expressions in reference to
evacuation are regarded as evasive and disingenuous,
and it is thought that he does uot really, intend to
withdraw his troops unless our Government will re
cognise Maximilian or enter into some other compro
mise in the matter. Many military men entertain the
opinion that our force on the Rio Grande will be in
creased at once, and that our affairs there will be im
mediately placed on a war footing.
While the question of war or peace is discussed pro
and con, the witent*} cordiale between the French Le
gation and our leading public men has suffered no de
cline. A brilliant bail was given in Washington last
Friday night by the Marquis Montholon, the French
Minister, which was attended by a large number of
our most prominent citizens, including Senators,
Representatives, army and navy officers, and many
others of distinction.
Meantime Mexican affairs on the Bio Grande still
wear a confused aspect. The rigorous proceedings in
augurated in Texas by General Weitzel for the punish
ment of any Americans who may have been concerned
in the Bagdad raid are being continued. Numerous
arrests have been made, and some pieces oi cannon
carried into Texas by the raiders have been seized.
The Mexican Republican chiefs, Escobedo, Cortina,
Canales and Mendez, with their forces, have disap
peared from the Rio Grande frontier, and their where
abouts, on the 4th inst., wasja mystery. There were
rumors that President Juarez had made Cortina Gen
eral-in-Chief, and that the others were beseiging Mon
terey and Tampico. The imperialists of the border
were expecting a reinforcement oi two thousand
French troops. General Weitzel is succeeded in com«
maud of the United States forces on the Rio Grande
by Colonel Brown.—N. Y. Herald.
United States Soldiers Drummed Oat of
Die Service for Robbery and Assault.
Nashville, Tenn., Feb. 8, 1866.—Eight United
States soldiers, convicted by court martial held in this
city, were to-day drummed out of the service to servo
their various terms of imprisonment, which ranged
from five to seven years.
They were marched through streets with drums
beating. Four of them had their heads shaved. Their
names are John McGee, Henry JLirk, C C Tuttle, Wm
Kehoe, Dallas Smith, Thomas Welsh. Hiram Morton
C H Newell—all of the Sixteenth United States
Regular Infantry. The charge against them all are
robbery and assault
St. Louis, Mo., Feb. 6, 1866.—Reports from Inde
pendence, Missouri, say that quite a number of Bush
whackers appeared outside of the town to-day. and
threatened to attack the jail and release one of their
number confined there. It is said'that troops have
been sent from Fort Leavenworth to preserve peace.
—George N. Wilson, comricted in the Coojt of Ses
sions in Brooklyn, N. Y., last week, on the charge of
burglary, and sentenced to the State Prison for two
years and six months, quietly walked out of the cotut
room with the jurymen, unperceived by the only
officer on duty, and is now at large.
NEWS FROM TUE RIO GRANDE.
General Wfttxel Superseded by Colonel
Brown In Command if tbs Rio Grande
Brownsville, Feb. 2, i
Vis New Orleans, Feb. 8,1866. \
General Wright arrived from Galveston on the 1st
Colonel Browp succeeds General Weitzel In command
of tfie Rio Grande district.
Colonel J. G. Perkins succeeds General Smith in the
command of a division of the Twenty-fifth corps.
The Uni led States Provost Marshal is busy in ar
resting and disarming parties in Brownsville and its
Colonel Reed, General Crawford** adjutant, lias
been arrested for complicity in the Bagdad af
Capt. Sinclair also of the liberal army, has been
arrested on the charge of violating the neutrality
laws. . •; *'
General Cortina and his • forces have left for
parts unknown. It Is reporter! that before he left he
received from President Juarez the Appointment of
General-in-Chief of the liberal army. \
Four pieces of artillery taken ;frpm Bagdad by the
liberals and brought to ClarksyiUq were seized on the
1st instant and held by the United 4 States Collector of
A French man-of-war has arrived off the mouth of
the Rio Grande.
. Two thousand French troops are expected on the
An Aid-de-camp of the Emperor Maximillian was at
Matamoras on the 1st inst.
It is rumored that General - Canales is at Reynosa
with a liberal army; that General Escobedo with
another is besieging Monterey, and that General Men-
dera wiih another is besieging* ’Ampico. None of
these stories are believed here.
Ex-President Pierce .on National Af
The leading members of the New Hampshire De
mocracy held a meeting at Concord on Tuesday even
ing preparatory to the Convention for the nomination
of State officers which took place on the following day.
Ex-President Pierce made a brief speech, in which,
after a vindication of the patriotism of the Democratic
party, he said*.
“Our country, my friends, has passed through se
rious perils, but I hope that we are now emerging
from the thick darkness which ai one time brooded
over it. The present time calls for the calm, dispas
sionate and patriotic exertions of all good men in the
work of restoration—not merely in form, but a restora
tion of a community of interests—fraternal feeling and
an equality of rights among all the States. I think I
can discern gleams of light. The annual message of
President Johnson is admirable; and in my judgment
his subsequent steps looking to restoration have been
guided by wisdom, patriotism and statesmanlike fore
cast. I am pleased to greet as co-workers in a noble
cause all men who desire the immediate restoration of
the Southern States to civil rights, and who join efforts
in saving whatever may be saved for the prosperity oi*
our common country. Under any circumstances, gen
tlemen, it would be abject to despair oi* the Republic. ”
Tiie Texas Reconstruction Convention.
Austin, Texas, Feb. 8, 1866.—The Convention o;
ganized to-day, and will incorporate into the new con
stitution the total abolition of slavery, and give ne
groes the right to testify in all courts, hold property,
sue and be sued, Ac. The Convention is divided be
tween original secessionists and straight-out Union
men. Some members are in favor of negro suffrage.
The President of the Convention voted against seces
sion in the last Convention, but was subsequently an
officer in the Confederate army.
—Memoranda of the conference in Washington be
tween the Congressional Committee of Ways and
Means and representatives of the Canadian govern
ment in reference to propositions of the latter for a
renewal of the Reciprocity treaty is published in tb e
Northern papers. The Canadians have been complete-
ly unsuccessful in their efforts, and the conference
was a few days ago terminated.
—In pursuance of orders, General Hooker,command*
ing Department of the East, has just caused the mili
tary districts in seven States to be discontinued.
—A State constitution for Nebraska has been framed,
and is to be submitted to the people of that Territory
on the 2d of June next, when an election for State
officers will also be held.
—It is reported thal oil has recently been struck near
Hartly, Australia, and that wells yielding one hundred
and forty gallons per day are now in operation there.
—The resolutions of the Maryland House of Dela-
gates, endorsing President Johnson, were passed by
the Senate on Friday last.
—Complications are likely to arise between France
and China concerning propagandism. The French
Catholic missionaries have been driven from their
missions established under the privilege secured by
—Orders havo been received at Wilmington, N. C..
to immediately discontinue the mihtary district of
Wilmington. But three regiments of infantry now re
main in the State, two colored and one white.
—Commissioner Newton, of the Agricultural Bu
reau, has obtained seed9 of a new variety* of musk-
melon which, it is claimed, will keep during the win
—^There is a “sell” going the rounds, which has vic
timized, among others, two or three distinguished
teachers in the public schools. The gist of it is that
there is an old man now living in Biddeford, Me., (or
any other place,) who will be 143 years old ii he fives
till the 30th of this month. Do you see it ?
The wife of Adolph Menzel. of Buffalo, N. Y., com
mitted suicide in that city last week, fcihe was iouud
dead in her room by some of the neighbors kneeling
before a lounge, with her face pressed upon a sponge
saturated with chloroform which she held in her hand.
Her baby was clinging to its dead mother’s neck.
—The name of Gen. Burnside is strongly pressed in
Rhode Island as the Republican candidate for Governor
at the next election.
—Edwin Forrest played five nights last week at
Crosby’s Opera House, Chicago. He appeared Mon
day night, in Virginius, to $2,027 50; Tuesday, Othel
lo, $2,088 00; Wednesday, Richelieu, $2,251 00; Thurs
day, Jack Cade, $2,818 00; Friday, Damon, $2,395 00.
The aggregate receipts for the five nights were $11,-
—Madam Murat, of Tallahassee, widow of the late
Col. Achirle Murat, first cousin of the Emperor of
France, has received as a gift a life annuity from Louis
Napoleon of JIftU thousand francs, in consideration
of her losses by the results of the war.
—In only six of the States now admitted to be in the
Union are negroes allowed the right of suffrage.—
Thirty States exclude them from that right Massa
chusetts, with a white population of 1,221,969, has only
9,622 blacks. New York, with 3,831,730 whites, has
49,005 blacks. Vermont has 319,389 whites and 709
blacks. New Hampshire has 325,579 whites, and only
494 blacks. Only a few years ago these States were
opposed to giving white men of foreign birth the
right to vote until after they had resided in the coun
try a period of at least twenty-one years.
—Brigham Young has been made a forlorn widower
twenty-eight times during his conjugal experience.
He endures his many bereavements with the fortitude
of a Dahomey chief. One hundred and eighty-five
comforters are still spared to him.
General Grant has contributed the sum of five
thousand dollars, to aid in the erection of the Metro
politan Methodist Episcopal Church in Washington.
—The Gainesville (Fla.) Era says : We are happy to
say our State is fast tilling up with immigrants from
all parts of the world daily, and adds, “ They are wel
come. Our peoplo receive them gladly, and offer them
every encouragement to abide and remain with us.”
—Over 70,000 bales of cotton has been received for
shipment at Apalachicola since business commenced
last summer there, and large consignments are con
tinually coming forward from up the river.
—When a man and a woman are made one by a
clergyman, the question is, which is the one ? Some
times there is a long struggle between them before the
matter is finally settled.
—Mr. Raymond and Miss Gordon of the Savannah
Theatre made their appearance before a crowded house
in Augusta night before last.
—The Judiciary Committee of the House will soon
report another amendment to the Constitution pro
hibiting compensation for emancipated slaves in the
—A bachelor and a young lady bought some tickets
in copartnership in a lottery, at the Sanitary Fair in
Milwaukee, agreeing to divide the proceeds equitably.
They drew a double bedstead, baby-crib and a lunch
basket, and the question is, how to divide them, or
whether they shall not use them “jointly.”
—‘•My dear madam, can you give me a glass of
grog?” asked a fatigued traveler in Arkansas, as he
entered a cabin on the road side.
“I *in’t got a drop, stranger,” replied the woman.
“But a gentleman told me yon had a barrel.”
“Why, good gracious 1” replied.the woman, “what
do you reckon one barrel of whiskey is to me and my
children, when we are out of milk 1”
PRICE, 5 CENTS.
CRAIN AND COMMISSION
155 Bay Street, Savannah.
H ay. corn, oats, meal, sebd, grain, bran,
OILCAKE, Ac., Ac., in quantities to stilt, at
lowest market rates. jlS-lm
THE EYE, EAR, AND THROAT.
D R. WRIGHT, of,Toronto, Canada West, Physi
cian and Surgeon, Oculist and Aurist, can be
coDsnlted on Dearness, Discharges from the Bar,
noises in the Head, Catarrh, Diseases of the Throat
All diseases of the RYE, requiring etthelr Medical
or Surgical aid attended to.
Office No. 41, in Dr. Thoe. Buckler's old office on
Lexington street, Baltimore, M<L
Office boon from # to ]2 A. M., and 3to 6 p. m.
* c * "• r
M * ■** i -
ORFF * WATKINS,
DEALERS IN DRY GOODS
X2NT AliXr ITS BHAUC3gES,
111 & 113 Congress St., Savannah.
Established in 1838.
THE ONLY TRI-WKEKLY IN THE STATE.
Addrew, for two daye, Marshall House, sfter which
time, Tallahassee, Flu.,
W. A. SHOBER,
flS-eodlw* Proprietor Flor da Sentinel.
JUST icon VXD
M ACHINERY for a Saw Mill, complete, with
Planing Machine and Grist Mill attached, har
ing been ran only six months. Engine forty horse
power. Enquire of
CHARLES L. COLBY * CO.,
f 14-tf Comer Bay and Abercorn sts.
M AOOY’S Masonic Manual.
The FreemaKon’s Pocket Library, by Chase.
Webb’s Pocket Monitor.
Oliver’s History of Freemasonry.
New Masonic Trestle Board, by Moore.
Principles of Masonic Jurisprudence, by Symons.
Digest of Masonic Law, by Chase.
Masonic Jurisprudence, by Mackay.
Cross' Masonic Chart, revised by UUDuinghara.
Also, M. M. and R. A. Diploma on paper, for fram
ing, and on parchment in tucks, at
ESTILL’S News Depot,
(Down stairs) Bull st- back of the Post Office.
Central Ytailroad Stock.
fl4-3— PALMER & DBPPISH.
LEGANT American and English Family Bibles,
i For sale by
THOMAS J. STALEY,
04-2 Corner Bull and State streets.
Just Received and for Sale on
By KENNETH McI.EA & Co.,
202 Bay Street >
nn BBL3 Extra Mess Beef, for ship stores
C.\J son bbis Extra Wisconsin and Ohio Floor
giO bids Superfine and Fine Flour, rnitable for
24 firkins very choice Family Dairv Butter
11 do do do
4 i kegs do do do 12 ) a lbs each
oil kegs do do do 28 do
50 boxes Layer Raisins
12 hall bbis Fulton Market Beef
2 lids Bacon Side*
2n bbis Smoked Pigs' Shoulders
50 bbis Onions, in prime order
And of former consignments:
20 bbis Sugar- cured Hams
5 tierces Wa hington Hams
3 liurces Breakfast Bacon
50 tubs Lard
5 bbis Smoked Beef
75 bbis Labrador and 8hore Herring 00 6^
SCRANTON, SMITH & GO,,
Keep constantly on hand choice old
EVERY VARIETY QF GROCERIES.
Hay. Corn, Oats and Bran, strictly at wholesale to
the trade, and we flatter ourselves that we can make
it to the interest of dealers to patronize us, at the
head of Bay, opposice to Jefferson street.
By Cooper, Olcotts & Farrelly,
A FINE ASSORTMENT OF
COMIC AMD SENTIMENTAL
HATS m SHOES.
In order to make room for my 8prlng and Summer
Hats, Caps and Fancy Goods,
lam nnw cloning ont my elegant stock of
BOOTS AND SHOES,
Far Men, Women and Children,
.8. 91. CODDING,
19 163 Congress street.
OODS stored from steamer LEO will be ready for
delivery on Thursday, February 15.
14 OCTAVOS COHEN. Agent
LIFE AND ACCIDENT.
A New Fertilizer.
TTTE have been appointed agents for the State of
VV Georgia for the “Eureka Ainmoniated Bone
Super-phosphate of Lime,” a new and valuable ierii-
lizer, adapted to tiie cultivation and regeneration of
our soil, and greatly to Increase tbe yield.
We propose to 9ell on a credit upon the following
conditions: The purchaser to give us a satisfactory
pledge that enough of his next crop will be sent us
for sale by first of January, 1887, to meet his bill, or,
if it is preferred, we will take factors’ acceptance or
personal security; In either case interest to be
These accommodating terms are purposed in order
tliHt this article may be in the reach or all who de
sire to increase the value and productiveness of their
teb9-lm F. W. SIMS A CO.
New Books, New Books.
Cooper, Olcotts & Farrelly.
C ORA BELMONT, or the Sincere Lover; the Car
dlual’s Daughter, by Robert M. Daniels; a Light
and Dark Christmas, by Mis. Henry Wood: Halt Mil
lion of Money, by Amelia B. Edwards: Social Lfle of
the Chinese, by Justus Doolittle; Leonore and other
Poems, by Lady Cnatterton; Poems by Mrs. Anna M.
Spaulding; The Red Book ot Apia; Story Middle
Ages; Miriam Rivers, the Lady Soldier; Cohn Cionls
Come Home Again, by Spencer; Leslie's Magazine tor
February: Demoreet’a Magazine for February; Atlan
tic Monthly for February; Harper’s Monthly F'- Fet-
Cooper, Olcotts & Farrelly.
A MANUAL OF THE LODGE; by Albert G. Mackey.
CROSS’ MASONIC CHARTS—Rcviaed.
MASONIC JURISPRUDENCE: by Albert G. Mackey.
THE BOOK-OF THE CHAPTER; by Albert G.
Travelers’ Insurance Co.,
OF HARTFORD, CONN.
Capital, - - - $500,000
Insures against all kinds of
T HE TRAVELERS’ INSURANCE CO., of Hart
ford, Conn., was the first to snccessfully intro
duce in this country the practice oflnsurance against
Accidents, of whatever kind, whether they occur in
traveling, or in hunting, fishing, sailing riding, skat
ing, in the street, 9tore, office, or while working in
shops, mills, factories, or on the farm.
A General Accident Policy covers every possible
form of casualty, including the risk in traveling, also
all forms of dislocations, broken bones, ruptured
tendons, sprains, concussions, crush mgs, bruises,
cats, stabs, gunshot wounds, poisoned wounds, burns
and scalds, bites of dogs, unprovoked assaults of
burglars, robbers or murderers—the action of light'
niug or aun stroke, the effects of explosions, chem
icals, floods and earthquakes, suffocation by drown
ing or choking.
Tills Company has now been in successful opera
tion since April '.st, 1864, and np to January 1st, I860,
had Issued upwards of thirty-live thousand policies,,
and paid over nine hundred losses—Including the
large snm of $85,500 to twenty-one policy holders
within the year, for $894 40 received In premiums.
Cash Assets, Jan- 1, 1866 $589,519 94
GENERAL ACCIDENT POLICIES.
The best policy for every man, whether he travels
much or little, is a General Accident Policy, which
Insures against every possible form of casualty, at
all times, and times and places.
An anunal premium of $10 or $12 (according to oc
cupation), will secure a General Accident Policy for
$2,000, in case of fatal accident, or $10 per week
during disability caused by accident (not exceed
ing twenty-six weeks for any one accident.)
An anunal premium for $2. or $30 will, in like
manner, secure a policy for $5,000, or $25 per week
Any otner snm, from $500 to $10,000, at proportion
ate rates. Where policies are issued against loss of
life only, or fur compensation only, the rates are
much lower. A liberal discount on three and five
GREEN A FOOTMAN,
THOMAS A SON,
J. C. MCNULTY,
14-1 w Agents.
OFFICE 1X5 BAY STREET,
This Company continues to write Fire Risks ol all
classes, on Buildings and Merchandise at the cus
All Losses are fairly adjusted and promptly paid.
M. A. COHEN, Secret jiy.
L " w ' I Wm, H. Stake,
Hl-VRV BulflHAM. J.vo. It.
Joun Lma, , Llrau £
V. H. Haluwi*. j J, 0 . w. Akdimoh,
Jmo. M. Coopsb.
Hon Lath bop,
W~ For Insurance against Loss or Damage by
Fire, apply at the
OFFICE OF THE COMPANY,
89 BAY STREET, - SAVANNAH, GA.
THE NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE
Cash AsaetU. *3,000,000
Last Cagh Return 750,000
Losses Paid. 1,731,000
Total Surplus Divided 1 247 000
Amount Insured ..." 24’849’48I
AU Classes of Life Policies Issued.
r xr m B ‘ F .; 8T EVENS, President.
J. M. Gibben8, Secretary.
General Agent Georgia and Florida.
COLUMBIA FIRE INSURANCE COMPA
NY, OF NEW YORK.
Cash Capital ; itioo non
TIMOTHY G. CHURCHILL, Prea’t.
Jobs D. Arthur, Secretary.
Frederic B. Elliott, Supt. of Agencies.
General Agent South.
FULTON FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY
OF NEW YORK.
Cash Capital :...*200,000
_ „ „ WM. A. COBB, President.
Jab. M. Rankin, Secretary.
General Agent South.
EXCELSIOR FIRE INSURANCE COM
PANY, OF NEW YORK.
Capital and Surplus *260,000
MARCUS F. DODGE, President.
Saml. M. Craft, Secretary.
General Agent South.
PUTNAM FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY
OF HARTFORD, CONN.
Cash Capital ......*500,000
SAML. WOODRUFF, President
Daniel Buck, Secretary.
General Agent South.
SPRINGFIELD FIRE AND MARINE IN
SURANCE COMPANY, SPRiNG-
Cash Capital *300,000
EDMUND FREEMAN, President
Wm. Conxar, Jr., Secretary.
General Agent South.
80 Tiorcoa, for- Sale toy
18 MACKY. BKATTIE & CO.
SIX BALES SEA ISLAND BAGGING,
FORDYCE, ANDERSON A JANNEY,
f2-tf 10 Stoddard’s Range.
1 DA OOILS Fla* Rope; a superior articl* to Green
J UV leaf or any bjner brand. -
In stnre and for sale by
A CHAS. L. COLBY A CO.
John M. Cooper,
Jas. G. Mills,
John S. Johnson,
Geo. L. Cope,
Wm: H. Tison,
W. K. Jackson, August*
J L Yillalonga.
T M Norwood,
J W Lathrop,
Asher Ayres, Macon
H. BRIGHAM, President.
J. C, McNULTY, Secretary.
Savannah, Jan. 7th, 1838. f7-lm
GREAT WESTERN INSURANCE COM
PANY OF NEW YORK.
Risks taken In Gold or Currency.
SUN MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANY
OF NEW YORK.
METROPOLITAN INSURANCE COMPT
OF NEW YORK.
MORRIS FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY
OF NEW YORK.
COMMERCE FIRE INSURANCE COMFY
OF NEW YORK.
WASHINGTON FIRE INSURANCE COM
PANY, OF BALTIMORE, MD.
Ca P ital *500,000
T, T _ THOS. y. CAWBY, President
F. J. McGINNIS, Secretary.
. A. WILBUR,
General Agent South.
SOUTHERN MUTUAL LIFE INSU
(Established in 1849.)
v. W. McMa^ 0 ^- D * 8AL ' S8tJHE ’ Pr “’
nTcAllS'^ SJSSSmk’'^ w “ 0W "
th? Insurers*” ^ re * uUrl J returned to
J. B. READ, M. D. Medical Examine?.
National Marine and Fire
OF NEW ORLEANS
The undersigned begs leave to inform the insuring
pnblic that he nss been legally appointed Agent for
the stove named Company, and is ready to take Ms-
nne* River and Fire Risks at customary rates.
„ O. C. MYRRH. Agent,
•Do 2^** over Hunter A Gammell, 84 Bay street
Fire and Marine
MERCHANTS’ INSURANCE COMPANY,
Cash Capital $900,000
PHCENIX INSURANCE COMPANY,
FIRE AND MARINE c “™
BALTIC FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY,
ILBY £ CO., '
New York City.
Cash Capital $900,000
RESOLUTE FIRE INSURANCE CO.,
New York City.
Cash Capital and Sarplms, $980,73(9
Bisks taken on lnsorabb property of tr4tj descrip
ttoo in the above-named Companies, on the mas
favorable terms, by sppflcattoii at the office of the
nndsnignted, Na lit Bay street, Savannah,
n-lm H. BRIGHAM. Agent.
Dissolution of Copartnership.
'T'HS firm of Dxlalynaki A Slager is this daydis-
1 solved bv mutoal consent.
Mr. Pbfltp Dsiaiynskl to shine authorised to re
ceive and receipt for the late firm. \
. PHILIP DOALYNSKL ’
JULIUS SLAG KB.
The bmtneae will be hereafter conducted at tbs old
fi0>lm PHILIP DZIAIeYNSKX