oramiiii last of the foregoing re-
B. S. Jordan.
’ CW6.—C. J. McDoSirid. ptr ’
Cherokee. —Joseph E. Brffwn.
Chatham. —Thomas Purse. \ •*
toe. —L. B. Mercer.
4 The meeting then adjourned fine die.
JOSEPH BAY, Ch’tn'n.
A. E. Cochran, 1 „
J. C. Burch, \ Secretane*.
EOitCif A uiuHLATFRE.
Milledgeville, Nor. 24.
Mr. Foster, a bill in relation to Bond*, Bills,
Promissory Notes and other instruments in writ
Mr. Cone, a bill to extend the time of taking;
out Head Eights Grants to 25th Dec. 1862.
Mr. Anderson, a bill to authorise the several!
Rail Road* of this State to establish through rates
for the transportation and conveyance of produce,
merchandise and passengers.
. Sills passed.
The bill to authorize the consolidation of the!
stocks of the Georgia Rail Road Cos., and of the
Washington Rail Road or Plank ltoad Cos.
Mr. Slaughter, a bill to amend an act entitled
an act to regulate the fees of Attorneys and Solici
Mr. Simmons, a bill to change the time ofhold
mg the Superior Courts in the counties of Floyd,
Cass, Gordon, Murray, Walker, Dade and Chat
tooga and the Superior Courts of Floyd Cos.
Mr. Foster from the Judiciary Committee, a
bill to dispose of personal property levied uj>on
and claimed, and for other purposes.
Mr. Moore, a bill to incorporate a Savings Bank
in the city of Augusta.
Mr. Bethune, a bill to extend the charter of the
‘Augusta Insurance and Banking Cos.
Mr. Foster, a bill in relation to the issuing of
Change bills and private banking to punish the
same and to authorize the Banks of this State to
issue bills of certain denominations.
The Committee on Finance reported a balance
in the Treasury, Nov. 24. 1851, of 8517,534 50.
The Cotmnitte in closing their report, spoke of the
late Treasurer, Mr. J. M. Patton, in very credita
Mr. Knight reported a bill to require the Stock
holders on the Brunswick Canal and Rail Road
Cos, to pay an assessment to complete said canal.
Mr. Flournoy, a bill to incorporate the Colum
bus and Greenville Plank Road and Turnpike Cos,
and the Columbus and Lannalmssee Plank Road
and Turnpike 00. f
Mr. Calhoun, a bill to fix the time of holding
the Superior Courts in the Coweta and Blue Ridge
Mr. McCune, a bill to alter and amend the
eighth section of the 4th division of the Penal
Cede of this State.
prohibit owriFfes, over-,
’ seers oronplovers of slaves, from'jiermittirig suul
slaves to do unnecessary work on the Sabbath.
The bill to point out a id define the mode of ser
vice of writs of scire facias.
The bill to compensate owners of unenclosed
ground through which the Inferior Courts may
grant new Roads.
Tlio bill as amended, to authorise Justices of
the Peaco to recognize witnesses tor their appear
ance at Court at any time as well as at ‘lie time
•f the trial for commitment.
The hill, as amended, to amend an act entitled
an act to regulate the mode of partitioning lands
and tenements in certain cases.
Mr. Harmon, a bill to amend the several acts
now in force regulating the fees of magistrates and
constables in the State of Georgia so far as relates
to tho Cos:, of Bibb. Also a bill to incorporate
tho Georgia Mechanical and Manufacturing Insti
tute of the State of Georgia.
Tho bill to extend the charter of the Augusta
Insurance and Banking Company.
1 ho bill to dispose of personal property levied
upon and claimed.
The bill to authorise the several Rail Road com
panies in tho State to establish through rates.
Tho bill to require the stockholders of the
Brunswick canal company to pay an assessment
ID compieto the canal.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
The House met pursuant to adjournment. Mr.
8. 11. Blackwell member elect from Jasper appear
ed was qualified and took his seat.
Mr. Baugh, a bill to add an additional section
to the 10th Division of the Penal Code.
Mr. Roberts, a bill to incorporate a Bank in the
towu of Fort Gaines in F'-arly co. to be culled the
South Western Bank of Georgia.
Mr. McDougald, a bill to prevent deputy sheriffs
of this State from holding the office of Sheriff or
deputy sheriff for the term of two years after the
expiration of the term-of their principal. Also a
bill to rejieal certain parts of an act to point out
the mode for tho collection of rents. Also a bill
to cnrry'ihto effect the last paragraph of the eighth
section of the third article of the Constitution Ac.
Also a bill” to authorise the Rock Island manufac
turing Cos, of Muscogee co. to issue and sell the
bonds of said company. Also a bill to prohibit
encroachments upon the sovereign rights of the
State of Georgia by foreign banking institutions
and their agents within the limits of this State.
Mr. Clark of Stewart, a bill to amend an act
entitled an act to incorporate and extend the
South Western Rail Road.
Mr. Caste ns, a biff to amend an act compelling
the several Banks of this State to redeem their lia
bilities in specie and provide for a forfeiture of such
as may refuse.
Mr. McFarland, a bill t 6 define the duties of
the Grand Jury and to alter tho oath of the Grand
Mr. Bartow, a bill to incorporate the Savannah
and Amsterdam steam navigation and Banking
Mr, Atkinson, a bill tochangc the time of hold-
ing the Superior Court of Bibb coi
The bill as amended to limit the bringing bill*
of review to three years from the date of their de
The bill to alter and amend the Ist paragraph
of the 7th section of the constitution of the State.
Thebillto authorise and enable James Stewart
an alien bom resident in the county of Pike i
purchase hold and convey real estate in this State, j
November 25. j
The House in the morning was engaged in tlie
consideration of the case of Brinkley Bishop. The
bill for thejmrdon was passed.
* ‘M November 26,
• The House took up the’ Report Tin “she bill (Sri
! the pardon of James Johnson of Baldwin county, j
j for the crime of murder. The bill was read the ;
third time and passed.
The House took up the Report of the bill for;
the pardon of Garland D. Cornett of the county
of Morgan. Pending the discussion on this bill,
the hour arrived for certain elections, which were
proceeded with, snd are reported in another col
3 O’Clock, P. M.
Mr. Atkinson laid on the table a resolution to
wit: That his Excellency the Governor be and he
is hereby respectfully requested to pardon the two
females, Jane Young and Sarah Manning, now
confined in the Penitentiary.
The day having been set apart as a day of;
Thanksgiving and Prayer, neither House was in
November 28. j
Mr. Tift, a bill to amend an act entitled an act!
to authorise the Savannah ami Albany Kail Road
Cos, to make and use a plank road and branches.
Mr. Smith of Hancock, a bill to compensate the
owners of slav es executed for capital offences.
Mr. Mobley, a bill to regulate the practice of
! law and equity and define the powers of the same.
Mr. Thurmond a bill to authorise husbands to j
collect, sue for and recover all the property, real
and pemonal, of their deceased wives without ad
ministering on their estates. Also a bill for the ;
relief of Joint M. Wilhite of Jackson county. |
Mr. Bailey, a bill supplemental to an act to in
corporate the Cherokee Insurance and Banking Cos. 1
Mr. Clark of Stewart, a bill to provide for the
payment of the creditors of the Bank of Darien.
Mr. Bellinger, a bill to alter the time of holding
tiie Inferior Court in DeKalb co.
The bill to ratify the contract for tho purchase
of iron for the Western and Atlantic Rail Road.
Tho bill to secure the Rock Island manufactur
ing Cos, certain privileges.
Tlie bill, as amended to authorise Obadiah T.
Dickenson surveyor of Rabun co. toresurvex apart
of the first and second district of said co.
Koasiith and O’Brien.
Wednesday, 3P. M. 1
On motion to suspend the rules, Col. Milledge
of Augusta, in a few appropriate remarks, intro- j
duced the following preamble and resolutions, in j
relation to Kossuth and the Irish Exiles:
Whereas, ‘The people of tho United States en
joy in a high degree the blessings of a just, wise, j
and free government—where differences of opinion
are tolerated, equal rights protected and equal j
privileges extend to all: And Whereas, the very
genius of our Institutions awakens an interest in
tho oppressed of other lands, and prompt us |
to extend to them both sympathy and relief;
Resolved , That the Gencneral Assembly of the
State of Georgia highly approve of the action of
the General’ G©vet.:ent, in interceding for the
relenso and in offering an asylum, to the patriot
Kossuth and bis companions in exile.
Resolved, That wo tender them a hearty wel
come and tiust that they may continue to enjoy a
happy home in our country, until the chains of
tyranny in the old world are broken, and until
Kings and Emperors have ceased to oppress the
wise and good.
Resolved, That as our Government has began j
good in tlie case of the Hungarian exiles, we trust
that Congress may take sirailiar action in regard -
to those Irish patriots who are now lingering in
exile and in prison on account of their devotion to
tlie cause of political freedom in their unhappy
Resolved, That as Irish blood was freely shed ;
in the cause of American Independence, and as ;
Irish patriotism has ever been prompt to sustain
our government and its institutions, wo tender to
Smith O’Brien and his Compatriots in misfortune,
our heartfelt sympathies, and would gladly wel
come them to a home in our free, prosperous and
Resolved, That his excellency tlie Governor be
requested to transmit a copy of these resolutions i
to each of our Senators and Representatives in i
Congress, with a request that they take such ac-!
tioti in the premises as may appear appropriate, i
But little business of public interest was trans
acted this afternoon, Mr. W. K. DeGaaffenried, of
Macon, has been elected solicitor for the “Macon j
Circuit,” and Mr. E. D. Chisolm, of the “Blue ]
Election of Judges, Ac.
Botli Houses of the Legislature convened in 1
the Representative Hall on the 26th for the pur- 1
pose of electing Judges mid Solicitors of certain ‘
Districts. The following is the result:
A. P. Powers, 70 92 elected.
J. L. Stephens, 52 54
J. L. Gresham. 29 12
Judge—Blue Ridgf. District
David Irwin, 87 elected.
J. W. Underwood, 71
Edward Y. llill, No opposition.
Judge—South Western District.
Win. Taylor, 42 52 66 93 elected.
Jno.ll. Jones, 34 36 35 25
P. J. Strozier, 15 6 withdrawn.
Richard Sims, 15 10 withdrawn
A. M. D. King, 16 8 withdrawn.
Blank, 2 6
W. K. DeGraffenried, 73 elected.
Geo. W. Norman, 45
Philip Cook, 22
Blauk, . 1
Solicitor—Blue Ridgf. District.
E. D. Chisholm, 53 63 66 76 elected.
A. R.Kellam, 37 47 49 63
J. T. Ratchfie, 25 32 27 withdrawn.
Jas. Gaston, 7 1 withdrawn.
A. R. Blackwell, 13 withdrawn.
W. A. Lewis, 7 withdawn.
Generous Tokens of Regard.—As the wid
ow of Dr. Judson was embarking for tho United
States at Calcutta, a number of noble-hearted and
disinterested friends made her a present of 3,000
rupees, or nearly 81,500, as a testimony of the rev
erenoe in which they held her lamented husband,
and tho respect and interest they felt for his be
7lwiippi State Conycnnoii*-
The following are the Resolutions which
adopted bv the late State, Convention in
pi. This body was called, on. the
tion of < lov. as a mam
State reri^Kj^ygain*t the Copiprom^B
ftturned a Convention which
j passed the following strong resolves, disavowing ;
the purposes and recommendations of the Govem-
I or, and giving their firm adhesion to the Compro
mise which he assailed:
1. Resolved, That in the opinion f this Con- 1
vention the people of Mississipp, in a Spirit of con- j
filiation and compromise, have maturely Consider
ed the action of Congress, embracing a series of
measures for the admission of California, as a 1
State, into the Union, the organization of territo
rial governments for Utah and New Mexico, the
establishment of the boundary between the latter
and the State of Texas, the suppression of the
slave trade in the District of Columbia, and the
extradition of fugitive slaves, and connected with
•hem the rejection of the proposition to exclude
slavery from the territories of the United Staffs
1 and to abolish it in the DistriJrof Columbia; and,
whilst they do not entirely agplo.e, will abidemy
jit as a permanent adjustmewta&f this sectional
| troversy, so long as it is faithfully observed ISi
I enforced in all itsfeatues.
1 2. Resolved, That * perceive- I
‘above recited legislation of tlie Congress of the
j United States which should lie permitted to dis
turb the friendly and peaceful “existing relations
j between the Government of the United States
1 and the Government and People of the State of
| 3. Therefore, Resolved, That, in tlie opinion of
1 this Convention, the people ofthe Slate of Missis
sippi will abide by the Union, as it is, and by
| the Constitution of the United States, without
4. Resolved, further, That, iri the opinion of
j this Convention, the asserted right of secession
from the Union, on tlie part of the State or States,
is utterly unsanctioned by tho Federal Constitu
tion, which was framed to “establish,'’ and Hot to
destroy the Union of the States; and that no se
cession can, in fact, take place without a subver
sion of the Union established, and which will not
virtually amount, in its effects and consequences,
to a civil revolution.
5. Resolved, further, That whilst, in the opin
ion of this Convention, such are tho sentiments
and opinions of tho people of the State of Missis
sippi, still, violations of the rights of the peoplo of
tins State may occur, w hich would amount to in
tolcratc oppression, and would justify a resort to
measures of resistance, amongst which, in the
opinion of the Convention, the people of the State
have designated the following: t-asts®,**''*
1. The interference, by Congressional legisla
tion, with the institution of slavery in the States.
2. Interference with the trade in slaves in the
3. Any action of Congress 011 the subject of
slavery in the District of Columbia, or in places
subject to the jurisdiction of Congress, incompati
ble with the safety and domestic tranquillity, the
rights and honor of the slim-holding States.
4. Tho refusal by Congress to admit anew
State into the Union, on the ground of her tole
rating slavery within her limits,
5. Tlie passage of any law by Congress prohibit
ing slavery iiumy of the Territories.
6- I J I 1 -.ri IitfcJß l i■
the neglect or refusal by tlie Gencl*il Government
to enforce the constitutional provisions for the re
clamation of fugitive slaves.
7. Resolved, That, in the opinion of this Con
vention, the people, in the recent elections, have
been governed by an abiding confidence that the
said adjustment measures of Congress would be
enforced, in good faith, in every section of the
8. Resolved, That, as the people of the State
of Mississippi, in the opinion of this Convention,
desire all further agitation of the slavery question
to cense, and have acted upon and decided all the
foregoing questions, thereby making it the duty
of this Convention to pass no acts within tho pur
viejv and spirit of the law under which it was call
ed, this Convention deems it unnecessary to refer
to the ballot box, its action in the premises.
Various accounts frmn Utah represent that ter
ritory as in a state of revolution. The United;
States officers, judges, Indian agents, Ac, have
been forced to take to their heels. A eorrespoti-'!
dent of the St. Louis Republican states that the
820,00, appropriated by Congress for public build- 1
ings, has been taken to pay off the debts of the j
Mormon Church; and only a short tiife before the ;
U. S, officers left, the Mormon Governor, Young,
called the Legislature together,secretV, and pass
ed resolutions, and issued orders for the seizure
of twenty-five thousand dollars more from the |
hands of Harris, the Secretary. Harris persisted
in retaining it and it was only by the aid of an i
injunction from tho Superior Court that lie was
able to do so, and get away with tac- money. A
correspondent ot'the N. Y., Tribute, states that
Harris was pursued, overtaken ana searched by -
the Mormons, but that they did lint succeed in
securing the cash. The same write says that the !
Mormon Governor declared at a nieeting of near
ly 3000 Mormons, that 110 aeknowedged no alle- i
gianoe to the United States Governm-nt, and thatl
he would resist to the death, any attlmpt to exer
cise power over him. lie also state! that he had
lately came from Heaven, that Ger. jfaylor was in
Hell; that the United States Govonnient was go
ing there, and lie didn’t care how/soon.
This Monuonistn is the vilest wd the most ox-!
traordinary imposition of moderntimes. It orig-
I mated in Western New York, tha; hot lied of Ab
! olitionism, and of all other isems. Joe Smith the
| discoverer of the Mormon Bible, vas a notorious
| blackgguard-coarse, sensual and chut Big. lie first
1 established a Mormon colony in Olio; from there,
j in consequence of their vicious practice!, they were
; forced to move to Missouri; there, t(eir crimes
soon made tlie country too hot to holothem, and
they pitched their tents in Illinois. Uheir con
duct in Illinois was abominable beyotl descrip
tion, and they were rooted out by tlie ail author
ities at the point of the bayonet, and joe Smith,
their leader, was slain. Up to thejay of his
overthrow, Joe Smith lived in the moashameless I
immorality. He had at least a dozemvives, aud 1
upon the slightest provocation, would iurse like a i
pirate. Such was, unquestionably, thitrue ehr-1
actor of Jo3%mitli, anil his Apostles iffre worthy
followers of Their cbeif. The Mornjms have at
last settled in the great western wiherness, witljj
no one to molest them, or to make diem afraip. 1
and yet they cannot keep quiet, but ttrn upon tjfe
United Stiles Government, and like ripers, strive ;
to sting the bosom which has shelter*! them frtm
The great principle of Mormon practice /is a
plurality of wives. It is that which gets theAv so
many converts. Asa matter of course, they de
ny this, but all decent men who have been so un
fortunate as to visit their settlements, say there #
lias been introduced “in opposition to the com
mands of the Chnstain Bible, which they * r f
to believe, in opposition to the custom
zed nations, and in accordance only with their
own brutal appetites.— Richmond Dispatch.
Mr. Popenheim’s notice of a bill in the House
: of Representatives to forbid the use of our Courts
for the recovery of debts to those States which
impede the execution of the fugitive law, is in the
right spirit of retaliation. The other forms of re
tailiation which have been suggested are liable to
this objection—that they are not of entire practi
cability. Non-importation and non-consumption
;igreements of the products of the offending States
■ leave open too wide a door for evasion. 1 hey xe
pose individual cupidity to too much temptatation. j
; They require a machinery to give them due effect
I too complicated.
But the remedy for preventing the execution of
legal process is entirely practicable —is simple, ami
| the only defect with widen it is chargeable is, that
it would be not sufficiently comprehensive. It
would not reach those States which have not com
mercial relations with South Carolina. It would
lie inoperative on Vermont and Ohio, although it
would tell on New York and Pennsylvania. 1 here
is |*-rliajis no mode of reaching the two former
States in the way of retaliation, still it the two latter
do not repeal their enactments which obstruct
the discovery ami saf) keeping of fugitive slaves,
we do not perceive why countervailing legislation
| should not apply to them, as evidence of the sense
of Southern w rong and injustice, if not among the
means of comprehensive redress.
To the objection that one violation of the Con
stitution is not to be redressed by another, the ar
gurnent is at hand, that the Constitution is in this
I particular a compact implying mutual obligations,
and the violation on cue side releases the other,
| according to every principle of natural justice and
the rules of international obligation. To hold 1
j one of the parties to the bond, wbeih depends tor
I its sanctity on good faith, and the reciprocal ole
: servance of its positive stipulations, w hilst the oth
ier is governed in its construction and action on
| the compact, by abstract notions of right, is to
j invert all the received notions of political equality.
The fault is here with the/test violators, and not
w ith the party that rights itself by a remedial
process by which it is placed, or attempts to place i
; itself, ot. a footing of equality. — Charleston News.
Affairs on (lie Rio (irnnde.
The New Orleans Delta of the 19th says: The
i retirement of Carvajal from Matamoros, w hich lie
| had besieged for ten days, with a force superior to ;
the Mexican garrison, naturally excites much snr
i prise in this community. With forces smaller i
| than that of Carvajal, the Texans have repeatedly :
! scoured the valley of the Rio Gande, and never re
tired, save before a vastly prepondering force.— ;
; lint, then, it should also ba added, that they were
j commanded by Texans, by Americans, whilst in
I the late operations before Matamoros, it is quite
i evident that Caijaval did not possess the qualities |
effectively. The mode of
of rrieTFmnettite Texan Rangers is sui"p?H
cris ; it disregards the approved system and sei-
I ence of military tactics. The main principle of
! the Ranger’s tactics is a reliance on individual skill,
bravery, and nerve. Each man calculates to do
j his own amount of fighting, and docs not trouble
: himself about his neighbor. He rushes ahead—
, and determines to do or die—never turns his back
| until his point is carried. Such troops must have
inevitably taken Matamoras irthoy had been left
ito themselves. But, no doubt, from good motives,
Carvajal restrained their ardot, and finally vvith
-1 drew from before the town—intending to recuper
ate the force, obtain more artillery, and resume bis
i operations in it more effective manner, nis force,
! according to the hist accounts, was held together
i at Tbreseilas, and w as receiving fresh recruits every
| day. Several of the officers had gone over to
j Texas to recruit, with a view of shortly renewing
operations near Matamoros. Wo have seen a
: letter from one of these officers to it gentleman in
; this city, stating that the campaign had just begun,
jand that Caijaval would soon be in the* field again
i with a much larger force than his first command.
In the meantime the Mexicans will probably
strengtnen their position, and thus we shall have
I shortly a pretty brisk little war on the Rio
The Irish Exiles.
I Avery large meeting was held in Philadelphia
on the 19th inst. with a view of obtaining the iu
| terferenee of the Government in favor of the res
toration to liberty of Smith O’Brien, Mitchcl, Mca- j
gher, and the other Irish Exiles.
Governor Jolinsou presided, supported by a
largo number of vice-presidents and secretaries. 1
The Governor spoke at considerable length in sup
port of the movement. Robert Morris introduced
an address to the President of the U. S., urging
that the influence of the American nation Ixs ap
plied to obtain from the British Government the 1
release of O'Brien, Mitchell, Meagher and their
The address supports the application with
strong arguments, contending (without discussing
the lawfulness of the condemnation) that they
could not be convicted of high treason by English
law, and constructive treason being prohibited by
the laws of the United States. American sympa
thy is excited in their favor by even the means of
Archbishop Hughes a Cardinal at
A correspondent of the Newark Advertiser,
wrttingfrom Rome, underthe date of October 2Cth,
“Archbishop Hughes is to wear the scarlet cap,
after all. His grace has made a Cardinal at last, ,
in spite of all opposition. The important fact was
made known, as I am well assured, to the “con
gregation,” on Friday the 10th instant, so that
the effect of his late visit to the Holy See has been
under estimated. The appointment is said to
have been made, with what degree of truth I do
not know without the approbation, if not in the
tace of the express protest of all the Roman Catho
lic Bishops in the United States, save one, and
: However the fact may be, the statement is current
here, and is generally believed.
I Russia in 1852 will celebrate throughout
j the vast expanse of her empire the completion ot
I her thousandth years of national existence, which
i will be kept with” all the solemnity due to the im
portance of the event. The Russian empire was
! founded in 852, in which year the Russians or Ros
sions, probably of Scandinavian origin, made their
I appearance on the shorts of the Bosphorus as
PRESIDENT, A •
JOHN M. MASON, of Virginia^
FOR VICE PRESIDENT,
C. J. M C DONALD, of Georgia.
The real name of all correspondents must ac
company their communications, or they will not:
be published. Hence, “Anon.” can account for
his lines not appearing in this day’s issue. This
is a rule from which we never vary.
Tlic alwence of the Editor during the pre
sent week will account for any deficiency in our
editorial columns to day.
Congress assembled on Monday last and the
House was organized by electing Hon. Lynn
Boyd of Kentucky, Speaker, and Mr. Forney, of
Pennsylvania, Clerk—both on the first ballot.
The” President’s Message was read before both j
Houses on Tuesday last.
Mr. Foote lias given notice of his intention to!
introduce a bill expressing sympathy with the
Irish Exiles. No other news of interest ha* as ytt
reached us. . |
The President’* Message.
We have received the President’s Message,
which was read Ix-fore both Houses of Congress
on Tuesday last, but owing to its extreme length !
and the lateness of the hour at which it arrived, j
we are unable to publish it in this day’s issue.—
We shall not attempt a lengthy criticism upon
j this specious document, remarkable only for its
prolixity and ilisingeiiuousness, but we shall no
tiee only a few items contained in it, and next
week lay it before our rcadojs that they may
: judge for themselves of its merits,
j lie sets out by giving a history of the Cuban
Expedition, and attempts to excuse himself for is-;
suing the proclamation denouncing as “roblxT*
land pirates,” all those engaged in said Expedition,
and rather intimates that they deserved the sail
fate they so heroically nu t. lie says, “1 lie pi r
! sons engaged in the expedition were generally.
I young and ill-informed.” That they were “gene- j
I rally voting,” is a fact, but that they were “ill-in-j
I formed” is a libel upon them, as all contempora- 1
neons accounts will go to prove. They h; v ■ been !
i generally represented as a set of intelligent, tine
looking, heroic fellows, and we doubt not those i
representations were true, Mr. Fillmore to the eon-!
; trary, notwithstanding. After ail his denuncia-}
. tions against “these offenders against tile laws,” as,
he is pleased to term them, he hypocritically pro
fesses to “entertain sympathy for their unoffending
families and friends, as well as a feeling of com
passion for themselves.” As soon would we ox-;
pcct sympathy or compassion from a robber that
would sho t us down on the highway, as to ex-;
; pect sympathy from Fillmore for the Cuban Pa-j
j t riots, for wo regard him ns the prime cause ofj
: their murder, and their imprisonment.
A large portion of the message is taki n up with ;
an expose of our Foreign relations, in which it is j
shown that we are not only “at peace with all the
world and the balance of mankind,” but that tliot
| United States is regarded as “some punkins” by |
; some of our foreign confreres, for which we are in ,
duty hound to return thanks to Millard Fillmore.
He recommends that Congress take steps to
i “improve the harbors of our great lakes and sea
const, and the navigation of our principal rivers,
and that appropriations should be made for com
pleting such works as had already Wt cowmen j
iced, and for commencing such others as might j
jseein to the wisdom of Congress to be of public
land general importance.” This smacks pretty j
strongly of the old Whig doctrine of Internal Ini
j proveraent by the General Government, and we j
j apprehend it will not set very well on the stem-!
| aehs of the Fillmore and Cobb Democrats.
Mr. Fillmore winds up this lengthy message bv j
! glorifying the Compromise measures of the last;
! Congress, and exhorting the people of all sections!
,to abide by them, as the Ixs-t settlement of the!
j slavery question which could lie made under the;
, ciremnstnices, but vaguely intimates that when
the obstreperous spirit of the South is a little more
tamed down, tiiat the North might do a little
j We have neither time nor room for further 1
! comment, and hero we shall let the matter rest!
until we can lay the entire message before ourrea-:
ders that they may draw their own conclusions
from a perusal of its contents.
Our Or rive-Yard.
We paid a visit to our grave-yard a few days
since, and were struck with the lonely and drearv
appearance it presented. There was nothing to j
indicate that it was the last resting place of “the
loved and lost,” save a few lowly mounds of earth.;
Not a solitary bush or shrub which the hand of!
j affection had planted above the hallowed remains of!
: those who have passed away forever from our
sight, was visible ill the broad expanse which has
been alloted as the burial ground for those who
may die in Oglethor]M. There is not even a tern- i
parary protection thrown around many of the
graves against the depredations of the cattle and
; swine which roam at pleasure over the hallowed
spot. This should not be. The graves of those
we loved should be protected from the intrusion
jof unhallowed feet whether human or equine.—
Whatevci other public improvement is neglected
this should not be. It is the last act of affection
that we can show to those we have loved here, to
protect their ashes from molestation and insult.—
It is but a reasonable service and we should per
i form it with alacrity. It is true that six far as
j concerns their ultimate destiny, ill witters not
| what becomes of the body when the sold has ta
ken its flight to the spirit land—when the jewell
has been abstracted the casket is worthless, but
we cherish the casket as a memento of the jewel!
it once encased. If the spirits of the departed are ,
ever permitted to review this world, and we doubt
not that they are, we opine that they would rest
more easy in their etherial abode if they could i
see jtiiat their memories were cherished, and their i
that has’ a- *•* —v,
does not fondly hope that when lie lies down m
the owe forever, that some kind hand will plant
the “flowers of affection over his remains; and
who has not felt breathing in his soul like the
soft whisperings from the spirit land, the beautiful
“Plant ye a tree that shall wave over me.
When I am gone t”
As for our part, we bad rather sleep beneath an
bumble flower placed there by the hand of affec
tion than to repose in tWS most costly sarcopha
gous * *
-j . • i:-• • jiiiiiJ will la
nmprTW I, ■i„
• sure evidence ofil*ffineincnt oHi peorTe’frk
their dead properly cared for, and, vice vers,
j We are aware that our citizens have had ren.
j calls on their purses for public improvements l
as they have not responded to them we
I can well afford to respond to this. A dollar f <'!
each man in Oglethorpe would be amply s '
! cient to erect a neat enclosure around the vaP
and another dollar from each would be stiff'.:,.
j to decorate it in such a manner as to make it ‘*
■of the prettiest grave yards in Georgia. f\\!
! gest to our City Council the propriety of tjl
t a meeting of the citizens at an early day tui4
the matter into consideration. “ ‘ :
The Democratic meeting in T*iu t . d „
In another column of to-day’s paper triii ■
; found the proceedings of a meeting of the pi’
cratic party held at the Capital on Tuesday p,j
of last week. To so much of those procedfc „ I
! relate to the forming an alliance with the
j ern Democracy, and going into a National ...
volition for the purpose of nominating candidal
for the Presidency and Vice Presidency, we e®
our most solemn protest. It is not our disrwitu
to be captions about small affairs, or to breed
cord and dissension among our friends, but at-!
same time, we cannot throw up our cap, and h;
100 “Bravo !” at every act of our party, ukr;)*
that act coincides with our views or not. \y,
differ with our Democratic friends lxrth as” tub
propriety and practicability of the step tlu-v so
taken, for by that step we conceive they hatA
only relinquished the vantage ground they
in the late contest, but they have opened te 4,
: enemy their stores and magazines.
We propose to argue, first, as to its preprint
j We do not agree with the proposition m Ui
! Ue preamble passed at the meeting, that themj.
; sion of the Southern Rights Party lias been
| eomplished, and that, therefore, there is no ned
[of its longer existence. According to onr under
standing of the mission of that party it has ;
I begun, and not the first single object of that mis
sion has been accomplished. That mission
j to guard, protect and defend the rights, the how
| and interests of the South. Has this beemk!
i Is there no danger of future aggressions beb
j perpetrated against the South by the rapaciuu’
; spirit of Northern fanaticism \ Has the cor®.
! rant appetite of that spirit been appeased l.yik
! luscious banquet it enjoyed at the first session of
: the last Congress, when the Clay Ponipmub
was served up foi its epicurean palate ! 1!... :'n
j South been suffered to enjoy in peace the eA
j prepared for lierat that” bampu t. to-vl.tl*
! Fugitive Slave Bill l Let the Abolition
1 tions, the Boston Rescue., the Christiaan Sink
i tlic Syracuse Riot, ai.d the liunh-mas rcseaorf
Fugitive Slaves in other sections ul ‘Vnaiwik*.
; answer those questions, and if onr Siathcm 1;
j friends are satisfied with (heir answers ncj.l
| have nothing further to. snv. In what put:. .
wo would the mission of the
j wa;. .•■•i •’ and \
course, it has wccnmplisiiai dofeat arid nvi-rtlmi.
] and now as the cwwurng point of its .-u-ts offoik.
| it is to lx? di-sbanefed, and that too at a time h
| its services, arc most needed. The residi :
i recent elections in Alabama, Mi.ssissip|'.
and South Carolina, will have the teiuiemy tuit
eile the Alxilitionists to renewed aggnssieiis :M
1 Rights Party strikes asnd-erel
i gives np tine ship, we will have to trust tetv
. tender increiev oi’ onr enemies. If the lieWnt*
j ic Party Sora& coalesces with the ik ioersir
i Party North, i.t the nomination of c.mdidalot’
; the Presidency’ aod Vice Prcsidenry, tin; rlw:
i presumption, nay; fire almost absolute certainty
j is, that a Nortlieau man will be Eominntrd fr
! the l’residenry, ami some- hikerrarm South''.’*
j man or doubtful Western man for the N ice FV
j sidenev. And what has the Sc nth to exjcft
| from such men in a contest for equal rights, ite
; North and tire South arrayed each ajsiimt
! other I On which side would: titeir frrilng'k
i enlisted ? The Pfesidcnt, in ■eonscqueiire of to
i locality and erhieatiori’ would of coarse fhvec
Northern side or? the question, and tlioutl’a
might occupy a ncntrai’i'.xrifiixi tiliriag the e*-
; test, yet when the North had achieved then*
ry and enacted laws-inimical to the b'st interest*
; of the South, lie w-xdd not withhold Ins assent’
; Even Buchanan himscffis not free from t!ie|>
dices against slavery, wtlioh are
minds of the Northern-people, it is us rt s *
for him to he prejudiced against ifas-itisM.®
son or McDonald to be prejudiced 1 in its
We regard Mr. Buchanan’ the muat'fousm 36 *
oil the slavery question of any man North
son’s and Dixon’s line, and while we believe tint*
would act in accordance with the dictates dl*
conscience, his prejudices wc>nfd so waq* kf*?
meat that his conscience wottld impel hint
towards the North, in all qncsliwis invof' a
antagonism of interests between the two sf®*
The Vice President, except in the event “
death of the President, we regard as a UH'A
and even if his inclination so led linn, he *°
be impotent to interpose in behalf ot the o'®
further than his personal influence would ?>•’
It is uot enough for the South that the I’retuW
should be willing to abide by the Coaipw l ® 1
measures of the last Congress, for that is 1:0 f 0
deuce of his soundness upon the slavery quest:*
Even F’illmore himself, in liis late message
mends that the peojile of all sections ■
these measures; and the Whig meuifors °(
gress, at a caucus recently held at M ashing
declared, their willingness to abide bv them *
There is, therefore, but little, if any, different
the slavery question, between the Northern
oerats and the Northern Whigs, for botlifa'W
Compromise. If then the South knows “*
Ijest for herself she will keep aloof from * n J ’
ance with cither of these parties, for the tour
either is a poison to her best interests.
Wo will, in the second, place, consider t ie p
position as regards its practicability. dM
can be an effective reorganization of the oh. .sr
ocratic Party at the South, we do notAipyr* A
dertaking to attempt to get them to B
The leading Democrats who 1 0U ‘ • par tv. ®
party lost ail cast with , tlie lull
they never will l>c received bac | ien ce_ !i
agivin. They know this full well, ■ pci
will remain where they now re > “ polii
Whig party. All their hopes of j, 1
preferment are from that party, ai ‘ ; s i
predominant party, and altogether
warding proselytes, it is hardly pro