NEWS & PLANTERS’ GAZETTE.
D. (i. COTTING, Editor.
No. 17.— NEW SERIES.]
NEWS & PLANTERS’ GAZETTE.
Published weekly at Three Dollars per annum,
if paid at the time of subscribing'; or Three
Dollars and Fifty Cents, if not paid til! the expi
ration of six months.
No paper to be discontinued, unless at the
option of the Editor, without the settlement of all
ID” Letters, on business, must be post paid, to
insure attention. No communication shall be
published, unless we are made acquainted with the
name of the author.
Advertisements, not exceeding one square, first
insertion, Scxcnty-fixe Cents; and for each sub
sequent insertion, Fifty Cents. A reduction will
be made of twenty-five per cent, to those who
advertise by the year. Advertisements not
limited when handed in, will be inserted till for
bid, and charged accordingly.
Sales of Land and Negroes by Execa'ors, Ad
ministrators, and Guardians, arc required by law,
’ to be advertised, in a public Gazette, sixty days
previous to the day of sale.
The sales of Personal Property must be adver
tised in like'manner, forty days.
Notice to Debtors and Creditors of an Estate
must be published forty days.
Notice that application will be made to the
Court of Ordinary', for leave to sell Land or Ne
groes, must be published weekly far four months;
notice that application will be made for Loners of
Administration, must be published thirty days;
and letters of Dismission, six months.
A GEN T S.
THE FOLLOWING GENTLEMEN WILL FORWARD THE
NAMES OF ANY WHO MAY WISH TO SUBSCRIBE :
J. T. <|- G. 11. Wooten, A. D. Slatham, Danburg,
Mallorysvilie, B. F. Tatom, Lincoln-
Fe.lix O. Edwards, Pc- ton,
tersburg, Elbert, O.A.Luckett, Crawlord-
Crrn. Grier, Raytown, ville,
Taliaferro, VP. Daxenport, Lcxmg-
James Bell, Powelton, ton,
Hancock, Is. J. Bush, Irwington,
VV'm. B. Nelms, Elber-I Wilkinson,
ton, | Dr. Cain, Cambridge,
John A. Simmons, Go-j Abbeville District,
shen, Lincoln, I South Carolina.
post office, >
Washington, Ga., l)ec. 10, 1840. $
Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, at 5, A. M.
Tuesday, Thursday, and Friday, at 12, M.
Sunday, Wednesday, and Friday, at 8, A. M.
Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, at 11, A. M.
Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, at 11, A. M.
Sunday, Wednesday, and Friday, at 8, A. M.
Sunday and Wednesday, at 9, A. M.
Sunday anil Wednesday, at 9, A. M.
, ELBERTON MAIL.
Tiiursdav, at 8, P. M. | Thursday, at 9, P. M.
Friday, at 12, M. | Friday, at 12, M.
OO” We are authorized to announce Mr.
J.C. WILLIAMSON as a Candidate, atthe
election in January next, for RECEIVER
and TAX COLLEC TOR for the County of
Wilkes.—Oct 1. (5) t£_
00“ We are authorized to announce
t Major JAMES 11. LANDERS, a Candi
date for RECEIVER and TAX COL
LECTOR for Wilkes County, at the elec
tion in January next.—Sept. 17. (3) ts.
(gj- We are authorized to announce
EPHRAIM BAILEY, Esq. as a Candi
date for RECEIVER and TAX COLLEC
TOR of Wilkes county, at the election in
December 10, 1840. 15—tde.
We are authorized to announce W.
S. HOWARD, Esq. as a Candidate for
RECEIVER and TAX COLLECTOR of
Wilkes county, at the election in January
December 10, 1840. 15—tde.
The NEGROES belonging to A. S. Hay, a
Minor, will be HIRED on Thursday the 31st
instant, in the Town of Washington. They
consist of Men, Women, Boys, Girls, and In
fants. • A. S. WINGFIELD, Guardian.
December 10, 1840. 4t 15
Just Received ,
A few pieces, latest style,
PLAID BONNET RIBBONS,
of superior quality.
WILLIS & CALLAWAY.
Washington, Oct. 29. 9 ts.
Mr. Henry .1. Jtamsey,
RESPECTFULLY announces to the
Citizens of Wilkes county, that ho will lo
’ ’ate himself about the Bth January, at
* Hopewell, the residence of R. Booker, Esq.
at which time he will be happy to attend
to any call connected with the various
branches of his profession.
December 17. 16 2t
STATE OF GEORGIA, )
Wilkes County. $
January next, for one Representative in
the House of Representatives, of the Con
gress of the United States, to fill the va
cancy’ caused bv the resignation of the Ho
norable WALTER T. COLQUITT—
We the Justices of the Inferior Court for
tho county aforesaid, hereby give notice
that an Election will be held at the Court
House in the town of Washington, and the
several precints in the county', and Slate
aforesaid, on Monday the fourth (4) day
ofJanuary next, for a Representative to
fill the aforesaid vacancy.
LEWIS S. BROWN, ‘i
THOMAS ANDERSON S
WILLIAM POOL, >
IIEZEKIAH L. EMBRY, 0
JOHN T. WOOTTEN, J •
December 10, 1840. IT)-*—tde
GEORGIA, i The Justices of the In-
Wilkes county. £ ferior Court hereby give
Notice, that an ELECTION will be held at the
Court-llouse and several Precincts, on the first
MONDAY IN JANUARY NEXT, for Justi
ces of the Inferior Court for said County, and at
the same time for Tax Collector and Receiver.
LEWIS S. BROWN, 4
JOHN T. WOOTTEN,
H. L. EMBRY, J. I. C.
TIIOS. ANDERSON, ,
December 10, 1840. 4t 15
Will be sold at the late residence of John
W. Jones, deceased, late of Wilkes
county, on Monday the 20th ofJanuary
next; all the
of sard deceased, consisting of stock of hor
ses, Mules, Cows, Hogs, Household and
Kitchen furniture, Plantation tools, Corn,
Fodder, Wagon and Harness, Ox-cart and
Oxen, one tine Barouche, a quantity of
Pork, oire good Gin and running gear,
and one set of Blacksmith’s tools.
At the same time and place, the Plan
tation will be RENTED, and the NE
CHRISTOPHER BINNS, Adm’r.
December 10, 1840. 15—tds.
ADMINISTRATOR S SALE.
Will be sold at the late residence of Mat
thew Faver, deceased, in Wilkes coun
ty, on FRIDAY the Bth of January
next, all the
of said deceased, consisting of Corn, Foil- j
der, Oats, stock of HORSES, HOGS, &c. j
Plantation Tools, Household and Kitchen ‘
Furniture. Terms of sale made known
on the dav.
‘THOMAS FAVER, Adm’r.
December 10, 1840. 15—tds.
NEGROES FOR SALE.
Will be sold at the residence of the subscriber, on
the State Road, seven miles below Washing
ton, Wilkes county, on Saturday, the 2nd of
January next, to the highest bidder,
TEN or TWELVE likely NEGROES;
among which is a good wagoner and first-rate
held hand ; a first-rate Cook, Washer and I
roner; another good Cook and Field-hand ; some
very likely boys, girls, and children. The above
are Negroes of good families, and can be well
recommended by ali parsons who know them.
Terms will be Cash, for a part of the Negroes,
and N-tes payable twelve months after date, for j
tkc'batniKv. WILLiA-M BARNETT
Nov. 26. 4t 13
GEORGIA : Wilkes County.
JULY TER M, 1810.
fIMIE petition of Janies H. Spratiin, respcci
fully shewetli to the Court, that James Jones,
of said county, did, on the eighteenth day of May,
eighteen hundred and forty, tor the purpose of bet
ter securing unto the said James 11. Spratiin ihe
payment of a note drawn by the said Janies
Jones, on the ninth of May, and year aforesaid,for
one hundred and fifty 52-100 dollars, and
payable to the said James H. Spratiin one day
afterdate, mortgage unto liie said James H.,the
tract or parcel ot land lying and being in said
county, on the waters of Clark’s Creek, and ad
joining lands ot John C. Dodson, John T. Wool
ten, and others, containing sixty acres more or
less : And it appearing to the Court that the
note for the securing of w T hose payment the
said mortgage was given, has not been paid,
and the tune at which said note and mortgage
became due, has long since expired, and that
the said James H. Spratiin prays that a Rule
Nisi maybe granted for the foreclosure of the
Equity of redemption in and to the tract of land
so mortgaged as aforesaid, and that the same
may be sold.
On motion, it is therefore ordered by the
Court, that unless the principle sum due of one
hundred and fifty and 52-100 dollars, together
with interest accrued and the cost thereon, shall
bo paid into Court by the next Term of the Su
perior Court of said county, the Equity of Re
demption in and unto the said mortgaged premises
shall be forever barred and foreclosed, and the
said tract of land mortgaged as aforesaid be sold :
And it is further ordered, that this rule be pub
lished in one of the public gazettes of this State
once a month for four months, or served on the
mortgagor or his special agent, at least three
months previous to the sitting of the Court in
which the money is directed to be paid.
True copy from the Minutes, 2d September,
1810. JOHN 11. DYSON, Clerk.
[Nov. 12. 11. Continued from Indep. Press ]
WASHINGTON, (WILKES COUNTY, GA,) DECEMBER *, |l.
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY MORNING.
THE Subscribers arc now receiving,
and intend to keep constantly on hand, a
general assortment of the best quality of
w hich they will furnish on as favorable
terms for CASH, as can be lmd in this
town. Thev have now on band a stock of
the first quality of SUGARS & COFFEE,
MOLASSES. LIQUORS of the best kinds,
CHEESE, CONFECTIONARIES, TO
BACCO, SEGARS, and every other ar
ticle usually kept in a Grocery. Purelia- 1
sers would do well to call belbre purchas
JOHNSON & WATERHOUSE.
December 10, 1840. 15—ts
WAREHOUSE AND COMMISSION
11. B. WHITE,
S ALOl&1A ’
1 1 HIE llVfjv7iOH.se is fire -
A proof —eligibly located above
All Cotton consigned per Railroad, will j
receive prompt attention.
September !1, 1840. (1)
05* Look Here. X 8 i
BARGAINS ! BARGAINS ! !
npilE Subscriber is now receiving and opening ]
a large Stock of Goods, purchased bv him- i
sell in New York, at reduced prices, which lie j
osiers for cash at lower prices than ever bought !
in this market.
His customers will be furnished on a credit as |
usual, at. very reduced prices.
Those who wish bargains, would do well to :
call and examine his stock before purchasing
The assortment is general, and comprises al
most every article usually kept in a Retail Dry
MARK A. LANE.
October 15, 1840. 7 ts.
PTUIE Subscriber respectfully informs the Citi
zens of Wilkes county, that he has located
himself at, Major Johnson Norman’s, nine miles
west of Washington, where he will he happy to
serve all who may wish to have any thing done in
his line of business. All his work will he exe
cuted in the most neat, faithful, and fashionable
manner. The following are his cash prices :
Making first-rate Coat : ; : : §6 00
Edging Do. : : : 3 00
Ditto, second quality : : : : 5 00
Ditto, third quality : : 4 00
Making Pantaloons or Vest : : 1 50
j Ditto, Overcoat : : : ; : 7 00 I
Cutting Coat 50
| Ditto, Pantaloons or Vest : : 25
l lie will he thankful for any custom in his bttsi- I
i ness ; and as his prices are very low, he has do- j
rernnned to keep no books, and do altogether a
JOHN If. RHODES. !
September 14, 1840. (3) ts. !
THIRTEEN MILES FROM
ON THE LAGRANGE ROAD.
I’ll HE Subscriber would sell low and upon ac
commodatiug terms, a PLANTATION, 13
miles from Columbus, on the Lagrange road,
containing TWO HUNDRED ACRES of
j LAND ; forty acres of which v.ero cleared last
i vear. There are upon the premises a
good Dwellin'.’ Ifniis". and evert < ‘.: .Ah'.
cessaty outhouse ; and wuii: t. ; , ‘Jj
with good water. j
For further particulars, apply to
A. R. LYON.
October 8, 1840. (C) s.m.3m.
Sale of Real Rotate*
FgliiE Subscriber otters tor sale a PLANTA
TION, thirteen miles from Columbus, on the
Lagrange road, containing THREE HUN
DRED and SIXTY ACRES of LAND ; 130
acres in cultivation —UK) of which is fresh.
There is upon this tract, every thing necessary to
a Plantation ; well watered, &c.
Further particulars are not necessary, as there
is a person on the premises who will take plea
sure in showing the above, to any one desirous
of examining them. N. B. LYON,
Beaver Dam, Wilkes County, Ga.
October 8, 1840. (6) s.m.3m.
Will be sold on Wednesday the Gth day of
January next, at the late residence of James
Ridgway, deceased, in Elbert county, a part of
the perishable property belonging to the estate of
said deceased, consisting of Horses, Cows, Sheep
Goats, one Road-wagon and geer, one Still, and
many other articles not here mentioned. Terms
will be made known on the day of sale.
ROBERT C. RIDGWAY, ExT.
Nov. 16. 5t 13
Will be sold on the FIRST TUESDAY in
JANUARY next, at the Court House door in
Wilkes county, agreeable to an order of the
Hon. the Inferior Court of said county, while
sitting for ordinary purposes,
rpWO LIKELY NEGRO MEN ; one by
the name of Billy, an excellant Blacksmith,
and one by the name of Collin.
Sold as the property of Thomas C, Porter, de
ceased, for the benefit of the heirs and creditors
of said estate. Terms will be made known on the
day of sale. AUGUSTUS W. FLY NT,
Oct. 29, 1810. 9 Administrator.
( )LD WINTER IS COMING.
BY MISS HANNAH GOULD.
Old winter is coming again—alack !
How icy and cold is lie !
He cares not a pin for shivering back,
He's a saucy old chap to white and blue k,
He whistles bis chills with a wonderful knack,
For a jolly old fellow is lie !
i A witty old fellow this winter is ;
A mighty old fellow of glee,
i lie cracks his jokes on the pretty sweet miss,
The wrinkly old maiden unfit to kiss,
i And freezes the dew of their lips—for this
Is the way with such fellows as he ;
J Old winter’s a frolicksome blade I wot;
Hr is wild in his humor and free !
i Jo’ll whistle along for the ‘want of though?,’
And set all the warmth of our furs at noiiglu,
And ruffle the laces the pretty girls bought;
For a frolicksome fellow is ho !
Old winter is blowing his gusts along,
A merrily Shaking the tree !
From morning till night he will sin_’ i,j s song;
Now moaning and short—now howling and lone,
11 is voice is loud for his lungs are strong—
A merry old fellow is he!
Old winter’s a wicked old chap I ween—
As wicked as ever you’ll sec!
He withers tho flowers so fresh and green—
And bites the pert nose of the miss of sixteen,
As she flippantly walks in maidenly sheen—
A wicked old fellow is he !
Old winter’s a tough old fellow for blow s,
As tough as ever you see !
He'll trip up our trotters, and rend our clothes,
And stiffen our limbs from fingers to toes—
He minds not the cry of his friends or his foes ;
A driving old follow is he!
A cunning old fellow is winter they say,
A cunning old follow is he !
lie peeps in the crevices day by day,
To sec how we’re passing our time away,
And marks all our doings from grave to gay—
I’m afraid he is peeping at me !
miSCELLAN EG U &
From ihe Knickerbocker fur Octobt r.
Tile Conspiracy of NeainaUila.
AN AUTHENTIC SKETCH.
BY WASHINGTON IUVING.
In the autumn of 1823, Governor Duval,
and other commissioners on the part, of the
United States, concluded a treaty with the
chiefs and warriors of the Florida Indians,
! by which the latter, for certain considera
; tions, ceded all claims to the whole territory
| excepting a district in the eastern part to
| which they were to remove, and within
: which they were to reside for twenty years.
■ Several of flic chiefs signed the treaty with
| great reluctance ; hut none opposed it more
I strongly than Neamathla, principal chief
j of the Micksookies, a fierce and warlike;
! people, many of them (hecks by origin,
i who lived about the Mickasookie lake.
! Neamathla had always been active in those
depredations on the frontiers of Georgia,
which hud brought vengeance and ruin on
the Scminoles. He was a remarkable man,
upwards of sixty years of age, about six
feet high, with a fine eye, anti a strongly
marked countenance,over which he possess
ed great command. His hatred of the white
men appeared to be mixed with contempt ;
on the common people lie looked down with
infinite scorn. He seemed
j dignity m Governor Duval, claiming to
associate with him on terms of equality, as
two great chieftains. Though lie had been
prevailed upon to sign the treaty, his heart
revolted at it. In one of his frank conversa
tions with Governor Duval, he observed:
‘This country belongs to the red man ; and
if I had the number of warriors at my com
mand that this nation once had, 1 would not i
leave a white man on my lands. I would I
exterminate the whole. 1 can say this to j
you, for you can understand me : you are a !
man ; but I would not say it to your people. !
They’d cry out I was a savage, anti would
take my life. They cannot appreciate the ;
feelings of a man that loves his country.’ j
As Florida had but recently been erec
ted into a Territory, every tiling as yet was
in rude and simple style. The Governor,
to make himself acquainted with the Indi
ans, and to be near at hand to keep an eye
upon them, fixed his residence at Tallahas
see, near the Fowl towns, inhabited by the
Mickasookies. His government palace for
a time was a mere loghouse, and he lived
on hunters’ fare. The village of Neamath
la was but about three milesoff, and thither
the Governor occasionally rode, to visit the
old chieftain. In one of these visits he
found Neamathla seated in his wigwam, in
the centre of the village, surrounded by
his warriors. The Governor had brought
him some liquor as a present, but it moun
ted quickly into his brain, and made him
boastful and belligerent. The theme ever
uppermost in his mind was the treaty
with the whites. ‘lt was true,’ he said,
‘the red men had made such a treaty, hut
the white men had not acted up to it. The
red men had received none of the money
and the cattle that had been promised them;
the treaty, therefore, was at an end, and
j they did not mean to be bound by it.’
Governor Duval calmly represented to
j him that the time appointed in the treaty
| for the payment and delivery of the money
j and cattle had not yet arrived. This the
old chieftain knew full well, but lie chose
, for the moment, to pretend ignorance. He
j kept on drinking and talking, his voice
! grow ing louder, until it resounded all over
the village. He held in his band a long
knife, with which he had been rasping to
bacco : this he kept flourishing backward
and forward, as lie talked, by way of giv
ing effect to his words, brandishing it at ‘
times within an inch of the Governor’s
throat. He concluded his tirade by repeat- !
ing, that the country belonged to the red
men, and sooner than give it up, his bones
and the bones of his people should bleach
upon its soil.’
Duval saw that the object of all this blus
ter was to see whether lie could be intimi
dated. Ho kept bis eye, therefore, fixed
steadily on the chief, and the moment he j
concluded with this menace, seized him by !
the bosom of his hunting-shirt, and clench- ■
ing his other fist:
‘I vc hoard what you have said,’ replied ‘
he. You have made a treaty, vet you say j
your bones shall bleach before you comply
with it. As share as there is a sun in hea
ven. your bones shall bleach, if you do not
j fulfil every article! of tliat treaty! I’ll let
; you know that I am first here and will sec
| that you do your duty !’
Upon this, the old chieftain threw him
l self back, burst into a fit of laughing, and
declared that all he had said was in joke.
The Governor suspected, however, that
there was a grave meaning at the bottom of
! this jocularity.
For two months, every thing went on
j smoothly ; the Indians repaired daily to the
j log cabin palace of the Governor, at Talla
hassee, ami appeared perfectly contented
I All at once they ceased their visits, anil
j for 3 or four days not one was to be seen.
Governor Duval began to apprehend that
j some mischief was brewing. On the eve-j
I ning of tlt£ fourth day, a chief named A el- I
low-flair, a resolute, intelligent fellow,
| who had always evinced an attachment
j for the Governor, entered his cabin about
I twelve o’clock at night, and informed him
! that between four and five hundred warriors
i painted and decorated, were assembled to
i hold a secret war-talk at Neamathla’s town,
i He had slipped off to give intelligence, at
j (lie risk of his life, and hastened back
| lest his absence should be discovered.
Governor Duval passed an anxious night
I after this intelligence. He knew the tal
ent and the daring character of Nea
! rnathla ; he recollected the threats he had
j thrown out; he reflected that about qight
j white families were scattered widely apart
! over a great extent of country, and might
| be swept away at once, should the Indians,
j as he feared,determine to clear the country.
| That he did not exaggerate the dangers of
| the case, has been proved by the horrid
scenes of Indian warfare that have j
| since desolated that devoted region.— \
| After a night of sleepless cogitation, Duval j
I determined on a measure suited to his j
j prompt and resolute character. Knowing i
the admiration of the savage for personal !
■ courage, he determined, by a sudden sur- 1
! prise, to endeavour to overawe and check
them. It was hazarding much ; hut where
I so manny lives were in jeopardy, lie felt
| bound to incur the hazard,
j Accordingly, on file next morning, he set
oil on hor-vl.-ack, attended merely by a
| white man, who had been reared among the i
Seminoles, and understood their language !
j and manner, and who acted as interpreter. ]
j They struck into a ‘trail,’ leading to Nea
i rnathla s village. After proceeding about
half a mile, Governor Duval informed the
! interpreter of the object, of his expedition. !
Vi:e iai’ r, t !:■.•’ a bold mail, paused and
.cruon.s;rated.- The Indians among whom
i liity were going, Were among the most !
desperate and discontented of the nation, j
Many of them were veteran warriors, im
i poverislied and exasperated by defeat, anti
I ready to set their lives at any hazard. lie i
! said that if they w re holding a war conn
; oil, it must be with desperate intent, and it
j would he certain death to intrude among
Duval made light of his apprehensions :
he said he was perfectly well acquainted
with the Indian character, and should cer- ;
tainly proceed. So saving, ho rode on.—
When within half-a-mile of the village. ;hc
interpreter addressed him again, in such a ;
tremulous tone, that Duval turned and ;
looked him in the face. He was deadly !
pale and once more urged the Governor to !
return, as they would certainly be mu sa- ‘
crcd if they proceeded.
Duval repeated his determination to go
on, hut advised tlio other to return, lest his
pale face should betray fear to the India.: 1 ', j
and they might take advantage of it. The j
interpreter replied that he would rather die |
a thousand deaths, than have it said that he
had deserted his leader when in peril.
Duval then told him lie must translate
faithfully all he should sav to the Indians,
without softening a word. The interpreter
promised faithfully to do so, adding that he.
well knew, when they were once in the
town, nothing but boldness could save
They now rode into tiie village, and ad
vanced to the council-house. This was
rather a group of four houses, forming a
square, in the centre of which was a grea f
council fire. The houses were open in
front toward the fire, and closed in the rear.
At each corner of the square there was an
interval between the houses, for ingress ‘
. .1. It \li‘ E 1/, I* riut ,> r .
j men and chiefs ; the young men weregath
j crcd round the fire. Neamathla presided
lat . the council, elevated on a higher scat
I than the rest.
Gov. Duval entered by one of the cor
ner intervals, and rode boldly in the centre
iof the square. The young men made way
j for him ; an old man who was speaking,
j paused in the midst of his harangue. In an
! instant thirty or forty rifles were cocked
j and levelled. Never had Duval heard so
j loud a click of triggers ; it seemed to strike
on his heart. lie did not dare, he says, to
| look again, lest it might atfect his nerves ;
| and on the firmness of his nerves every
Tho chief threw up his arm. The rifles
were lowered. Duval breathed more free
ly ; he felt disposed to leap from his horse,
but restrained himself and dismounted lei-
I surely'. He then walked deliberately up
j to Neamathla, and demanded, in an author
j itative tone,what w'ere his motives for hold
j ing that council. The moment he made this
demand, the orator sat down. The chief
I made no reply, hut hung his head in appa
rent confusion. After a moment’s pause,
Duval proceeded :
“ I ani well aware of the meaning of
ibis war-council; and deem it mv duty to
warn you against prosecuting the schemes
you have been devising. If a single hair
ofa w hite man in this country falls to the
ground, 1 will hang _vou and your chiefs on
the tree - around your council house ! Y’ou
cannot pn tend to withstandthe power of the
white men. You are in tho palm of the
hand of your Great Father at Washington,
who can crush you like an egg-shell!—
Y ou may kill me : 1 am but one man ; but
recollect., white men are numerous as the
j leaves on the trees Remember the fate
J of your warriors whose hones are whitening
in battle fields. Remember your wives
| and children who perished in swamps.—
J Do you want to provoke more hostilities ?
j Another war with the white men. and there
j will not he a Seminole left to tell the story
of his race.'’
Seeing the effect of his words, he conclu
ded by appointing a day for the Indians to
meet him ai St. Marks, and give an account
jof their conduct. He then rode off without
giving them time to recover from their sur
prise. That night lie rode forty mites to
Apalachicola river, to the tribe of the same
name,who were in feud with the Scminoles.
They promptly put two hundred and fifty
warriors at his disposal, whom he ordered
to be at St. Marks at the appointed day.—
He sent out runners, also, and mustered
one hundred of the militia to repair to the
! same place, with a number of regulars from
j die army. All his arrangements were suc
Having taken these measures, ho retur
l nod to Tallahassee, to the neighborhood of
| the conspirators, to show them that he was
j not afraid. Here he ascertained through
; Yellow-Hair, that nine towns were disaf
j footed, and had been concerned in the con
spiracy. He was careful to inform him-
I self, from the same source, of the names of
i the warriors in each of those towns who
j were most popular, though poor, and des
j tifute of rank and command.
When the appointed day was at hand for
j the plotting at St. Marks, Gov. Duval sot
i off with Neamathla, w ho was at the imad of
| eight or nine hundred w arriors, hut who
| feared to venture into the fort without him.
: As they entered the fort, and saw troops
! and militia drawn up there, and a force of
j Apalachicola soldiers stationed on the op
: posite bank of the river, they thought they
j were betrayed, and were about to fly ; bu*
I Duval assured them they were saf \ and
that, when the talk was over they might go
I borne umr. d< sled.
A grand talk was now held, in which tiie
I late conspiracy was discussed. As In had
j foreseen, Neamathla and the other old
; chiefs threw all the blame upon the young
! men. “Well,” replied Duval, “ with us
white men, when we find a man incompe
tent to govern those under him. \ro put him
down, and appoint another in his place.—
Now as you all acknowledge you cannot
manage your young men, we must put
chiefs over them w ho can."’
So saying, lie deposed Neamathla first ;
appointing another in his place : an ’ so on
with the rest ; taking care to subst: :ve tiie
warriors who had been pointed to him as
poor and popular : putting medals round
their necks, and investing them with great
ceremony. The Indians were surprised
and delighted at finding the appointments
fall upon the very men they would them
selves have chosen, and hailed them with
acclamations. The warriors thus unex
pectedly elevated to command, and cloth and
with dignity, were secured to the interests
gos die Governor and sure to keep an eye on
the disaffected. As to the great chief Nca
inathla. lie left the country in disgust, and
returned to the Creek Nation, who elected
him a chief of one of their towns. Thus
by the resolute spirit and prompt sagacity
of one man, a dangerous conspiracy was
completely defeated. Gov. Duval was af
terwards enabled to rein ve the whole na
tion, through his own personal influence,
without the aid of the General Govern
Curious Ballots. —Indian corn and beans
were, in old times, the ballots made use of
oil the occasion of elections. Ihe Indian
corn manifested election, and the beans the
contrary. If any person put in more taan
one Indian corn or bean for the choice or
refusal of any office, ho forfeited, for eve
ry such offence, ten pounds.