TOE PUBLIC GOBI BEFORE PBITATE ADVANTAGE.
EDITORS & PROPRIETORS.
ATLANTA, GEORGIA, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1861.
VOL. I-NO. 1.
Insertion, ^|1; And
"ege of chanf*, will
' month, $ 85
» the npzce
at regular rates
-r»hi|>«, Nolicce t<i
the Weekly paper
Weekly paper on*
of the papera, will
County, ami Mani
la advance in every
'hed as new*; but
will be charged 20
to be Included In
made from the fore-
TKR A ADA1K.
9.06, A. M.
c;;.; 5.20, p. m.
L 0.30, A. M.
9.45, A. M.
8.40, P. M.
6.56, A. M.
..... 2.30, P. M.
....11.46, P. M.
* with the Train*
e Savannah and
10.10, A. M.
0.10, P. M.
3.00, P. 1C.
0.30, A. M.
.. 6.40, A. M.
3.16, A. M.
f.59, A. M.
the Montgomery k
- 10.10, A. M.
6.40, P. M.
4.06, A. M.
. 1.16, P. M.
7.60, P. M.
4.60, A. M.
.... 8.20, P. M.
11.46, P. M.
y.with the Romo
the Fast Ten-
"i Dalton, and the
road at Chatta-
Faro $4 60.
1.45, t. M.
^ .. 7.16, P. M.
1.30, P. M.
7 00, P M
1 1100, Night.
7.15, A. M.
; 12.00, Night
..... 7.16, A. M.
ot bo run on 8«n-
ain from Allan id,
i<lroad for Savan
e South-Western for
.40, A. If.
agta, connect* with
-Vennah at 10.00 P.
Tail Road for Co-
from Atlanta to New
faro in Savannah,
M AMO NX.
ATLANTA LODGE, No. 69, F. A. Id., meets on the sec
ond and fourth Thursday nights In each month.
LEWIS LaWUHK, W. M.
John ML Boauo, Secretary.
FULTON LODGE, No. 216, Y. A. M., meets on the first
and third Thursday nights in each month.
DAVID MAYER, W. M.
R. J. Mistier, Secretary.
MOUNT WON ROYAL ARCH CHAPTER,No. 16,meet*
on tlie second and fourth Monday night* In «a>4l
mootli. L J. GLENN, II. P.
C. R. lUsuciTita, Secretary.
day in January, April, July and October.
LEWIS LAWhll K, Tu. ItL.
Jobs M. BoaiMu, Recorder.
CtKL'R DE LION COMMANDERY, No. 4, meets on th
first and third Wednesday In each lujntli.
W. W. UOYD, M.'.E.'.
W. T. Mian, Recorder.
CENTRAL LODGE, No. 2U, nieeUever^Ti^sJ^jljkl.
J. R Bmwcik, Secretary.
WM. U. BARNK8, Chief Patriarch,
W. W. BOYD, Ulgb Priest.
T. P. Pi.sminu, Bcrlbe.
Orvillk A. Biru., LaOrange, Judge.
N. J. Hammoid, Atlanta, Solicitor General.
Coutles. Time of Session.
Clayton—1st Monday In May and November.
DeKalb—4Ui Monday in April and October.
Fayette—2nd Monday In March and September.
Fulton—1st Monday In April and October.
Meriwether—3d Monday In February ami August.
Troup—ikl Monday In May and November.
D. F. Hammond, Newnan, Judge.
M. Kkm>k»C*, Cedar Town, Solicitor general.
Counties. Time of Sessions.
Campbell—2d Monday In February and August.
Carroll—1st and 2d Monday In February and August.
Coweta—1st Monday In March and September.
Floyd—4th Mon.lay In Jan. and 1st Monday in July.
Heard—J«l Monday io March and September.
Haralson—Sd Monday In April and October.
Paulding—4th Monday In February and August.
Polk—8d Monday In February aud August.
BLUE RIDGE CIRCUIT.
Grorub D. Rick, Marietta, Judge.
Wm. Phillips, Marietta, Solicitor General.
Counties. Time of Sessions.
Cherokee—1st Monday In March and September.
Cobb—3d Monday !u March aud September.
Dawson—2d Monday In February and August.
Fannin—2d Monday In May and October.
Forsyth—8d Monday in February and August.
Milton—1st Monday In June and November.
Pickens—2d Monday In March and September.
Towns—4th Monday In May and October.
Union—3d Monday In May and October.
D. A. Walks*, Spring Place, Judge.
J. A. W. Jounaom, CaasvUle, Solicitor General.
Counties. Time of Sessions.
Cass—2d Monday In March and September.
Catoosa—2d Monday In May and November.
Dade—4th Monday In May and November.
Gordon—1st Monday In April and October.
Murray—3d Monday In April and October.
Whitfield—4th Monday In April and October.
H. HUNTINGTON, M. D.,
OFFICE In Rawson’s new build-
in*. corner Whitehall and Hunter 8tree*t.—
Residence first house to the left of Col. Yan
Kbfbrknceb: Hon. R. F. Lyon, Mr. E. E.
Rawson, Messrs. Beach k Root, Rev. Mr. Rog
ers, Dr. Logan, Atlanta; Rev. C. M. Irwin, D.
A. Vason, Esq., Col. Nelson Tift, Col. W. J.
Lawton, Henry Tarver, Albany. Jan 16.
OR. J. ft*. H. BROWN,
suooneo* to oabpbbll * sao.,
OFFICE over Massey k Lansdell'a
Drug Store, Whitehall street, Atlanta,Georgia.
All operations pertaining to Dental Surgery
performed with the greatest care twawlyjeb
• A R. W. CRAVEN,
HAEE removed to their new
and splendid room in Pa Ream's
Block, opposite Beach k Roots, where they are
prepared to wait on all who may wiah their
Ministers, who are pastors charged half-
price. Calls from a distance attended o with
W. J. DICKEY,
FITROEON AND MECHANICAL
OFFICE—Up stairs, next door to Richard's
Book 8tore. sep24twlyr
turln, bualMM. Om
sot. For furthor pto
H. 13. CLIFFORD,
BACON, FLOUR, COFFF.B, SUGAR,
RICB, WINE, BAGGING, ROPE,
GENERAL PRODUCE BROKER
No. 1-13, -Ath or Wall St„
P ERSONAL .lt.otion ,iren loollol'd.r.tKl
oonaiffain.uL Having thorough kaowl-
•dg* of the market* and mj buaiueu, I flattar
mya.it that 1 eaa aava tboae who iatroat thair
baainaaa to me, • fair prohb 1 da.l atrietl/ on
the eaah aratem. Thoaa who Mod their raoo-
e» and erdera to me get th* fall keaelt of our
Oaah Market. I do Dot uee the oeowaj, aad
bur tla* article ou Ume of M, 00 or ,« dare, as
ie often done in ell market*. I eaa amp u
low aa oar naa la the Boolb-Weat. All I aak
la a trial. Now York Kacheage rocaired at
•oiliag rat* hero. I do aet apoculsU; do only
a legitimate business, geotlauiea. Jan I*.
t AN ILL A. JaM aad Cotto. Oordaga, al
alias for sale b*
McXAUGHT, ORMOND A 00.
ATLANTA INSIBAMECOMPAN V.
JOS. P. LOGAN, President.
PERINO BROWN, Cashier.
L. P. GRANT, JOSEPH P. LOGAN,
THOMAS L. COOFER, JOHN W^DUNCAN,
GEORGE G. HULL, J08. D. LOCKIIART,
D EPOSITS received and commercial paper
Collections received aud remitted for at our
rent rates of Exchange on day of payment.
Uncurrent mouey, Gold and Silver Coin,
bought and sold.
Loans and Notes negotiated.
Stocks, Bonds and Real Estate bought and
sold on commission.
Prompt attention to correspondents,
FIRE ANE LIFE INSURANCE !
W E are Agents for the Augusta Insurance
Company, and the Insurance Company
of the Valley of Virginia.
Our rates of premium will compare with anv
of the Northern Companies. We trust
citizens will patronize Southern Institutions,
especially when they are sweep, solvent and
prompt in redeeming all losses.
8. B. ROBSON k CO.
apri!17 Atlanta, Georgia.
FIRE AND LIFE
T HE subscriber represents the following first
class Companies, some of whioh are now
the leading Companies in the country—all
having Cask Capitals and a largo surplus. The
Companies thus* designated divide seventy-five
per ct. of the net earnings with the policy holders
HOME INSURANCE COMPANY, N. Y.
Capital and riurplus, *1.«5H,04K> ‘M
•CONTINENTAL IMSURANCE COMPANY,
Capital and *1,000.000.
•SECURITY INSURANCE COMPANY, N. Y.
Capital and Surplus, *000,3*3*
CITIZEN INSURANCE COMPANY. N. Y.
Capital and Surplus, *3141,303.
NIAGARA INSURANCE COMPANY.
Capital and Hurplus, *30*1,051,
8PRINGFIELD FIRE AND MARINE INSU
RANCE COMPANY, MASS.
Capital aud Murplus, jMrt l.OOO.
•MARKET INSURANCE COMPANY. N. Y.
Capital and Surplus, *300,000.
HUMBOLDT INSURANCE COMPANY, N. Y.
Capital and Surplus, .*£35,000.
METROPOLITAN INSURANCE CO., N. Y.
Capital and Surplus, *100,000,
NEW YORK LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY.
This Company offer* security and advan
tages unsurpassed by any Life Insurance Com
pany in the country. It accomodates the in
surer in the payment of premiums, annually,
half yearly, or quarterly. Premiums on poli
cies for life, if over $50 per annum, siity per
cent, is only required. Annuities granted on the
most liberal terms.
All the above Companies court investigation
into their condition and system of doing busi
Office on Whitehall street, next door to T. R.
Ripley’s, opposite the “Intelligencer” office,
july 12 SAhfUEL SMITH.
FRESCO PAINTER AND GRAINER,
HAVING located perma
nently in Atlanta, will de-
vote his whole attention to
the above Branches in all their details.
Likewise, SIGNS of every description, WIN
DOW SHADES, SHOW CARDS, CARVED
LETTERS made to order in any style, war
ranted to equal any City in the Union.
Orders from the Country attended to.
OFFICE—-In Beach k Root’s Building—
CARVING IN WOOD,
f I HIE subscriber respectfully announces to
the oitizens of Atlanta, that he is now
fully prepared to execute in the best manner,
every description of CARVING IN WOOD.
He will also give particular attention to the
fitting up of Stores, with Shelves, Counters, Ac.,
after any plan ; also, the internal decoration
of public Halls, Churches, Ac.
XHBu Old Furniture of good quality will be
repaired at short notice in the best manner.
Marietta street, opposite Gas Works,
ON HUNTER STREET,
Bktwkkr McDorouii and Buti.kr Stiikkts,
Near the City Ilall.
T HE Subscriber bags leave to inform his
friends, and the public generally, that he
has established, as above, a
Blacksmith and Wagon Shop,
aud also a
Bit ASS FOUNDRY',
where he is prepared to do all kinds of work
in his line, lie solicits a share of patrouage,
and will guarantee to give entire satisfaction
to all that may antrust him with tholr orders.
Ordars promptly attended to.
JAMES K. GULLATT.
He has on hand and for sale two PRAYS.
Cheap lor Cask.
Atlanta, Jan. M.
THOMAS At ABBOTT,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
OOU* is ftaaith'* Building, Whitahall itreat.
(tlTnn, jaltlf Baa. F.
farewell Speech of MMon. Jtti, Davis.
The following speech of Hon. Jeff. Davis,
oq leaving the United States Senate, after
the fleoesBion of his State, is one of the finest
speiomens of manly oratory to which the ex*
igencies of the times have given rise :
“I ribe, Mr. President, for the purpose of
announcing to the Senate that I hare satisfac
tory evidence that the State of Mississippi,
by a solemn ordinance of her people in Coo.
▼eption assembled, has declared her separn-
tle*4£on» ( jlhe United States. Undtr these
cifcumsiances, of oourse my functions arc ter
minated here. It has seemed to me proper,
however, that I should appear in the Senate
to announce that fact to my associates, and I
will say but very IHtle more. The occasion
does not invite me to go into argument; and
my physical condition would not permit me
to do so if it were otherwise ; and yet it seems
to become me to say something on the part of
the State I here represent on un occasion so
solemn as this.
“it is known to Senators who have served
with me here, that 11 have for maay years ad-
▼ceated as an essential attribute of State Sov
ereignly, the right of a State to secede from
the Union. Therefore, if I had ntH believed
there was justifiable cause ; if I had thought
that Mississippi was acting without sufficient
provocation, or without existing necessity, 1
should still, under my theory of the Govern
ment, because of my allegiance to the Stale
of which I aiu a citizens, have been bound by
her action. I, however, may Do permitted to
say that I do think she has justifiable cause,
and I approve her act. I conferred with ber
people before that act was taken, counselled
them then, that if the state of things whioh
they apprehended should exist when the Con
vention met, they should take the aotion
whioh they have now adopted.
“ I hope none who hear me will confound
this expression of mine with the advocacy of
the right of a State to remain in the Union,
and to disregard its constitutional obligations
by the nullification of the law. Such is not
my theory. Nullification and seoession, so
often confounded, are indeed antagonistic
principles. Nullification is a remedy which
it is sought to apply within the Union, and
against the agents of the States. It is only
to be justified when the agent hits violated
his constitutional obligations, and a State,
assuming to judge for itself, denies the right
of the ugeut thus to act, and appeals to the
other States of the Union, for a decision;
but when the States themselves, and when
the people of the States, have so acted as to
convince us that they will not regard our con
stitutional rights, then, and then for the first
time, arises the doctrine of secession in its
“ A great man who now reposes with his
fathers, and who has been often arraigned for
a want of fealty to the Union, advocated the
doctrine of nullification because it preserved
the Union, it was because of his deep seated
attachment to the Uuion; his determination
to fiud some remedy for existing ills short of a
severence of the ties which bouud South Caro
lina to the other States, that Mr. Calhoun ad
vocated the doctrine of nullification, which he
f iroclaimed to bo peaceful; to he within the
imits of State power, not to disturb the Union,
but only to be*a means of bringing tho’agent
before the tribunal of the Slates for their
Socession belongs to a different class of
remedies. It is to ho justified upon the basis
that the States are sovereign. There was a
time when none denied it. I hope the lime
inay come again, when a belter comprehen-
don of the theory of our Government, and the
nalienable rights of (ho people of the States,
sill preveut any one from denying that each
State is a sovereign and thus may reclaim the
grants which it has made to any agent whom
I therefore, say I concur in (he aotion of
the people of Mississippi, believing it to be
uecessarj and proper, and should have been
hound by the action if my belief had been
otherwise; and this brings me to the impor
tant point whioh I wish, on this last occasion,
to present to the Senate. It is by this con*
founding nullification and seoession that the
name of a great man, whose ashes now min
gle with his mother earth, has been invoked
to justify coercion against a seceding State.
The phrase “ to execute the laws,” was an ex
pression which Gen. Jackson applied ie the
case of a Stale refusing to obey the laws while
yet a member of the Union. That is not the
case which la now presented. The laws are
to be executed over the United States, and
upon the people of the United States. They
have no relation to any foreign oountry.
It It a perversion of terms, nt least, it is n
great misapprehension of theoase, which oites
that expression for nppliention to a State whioh
haa withdrawn from the Union. You may
never make war on a foreign State. If it be
the purpose of gentlemen, they may make
war against a State which has withdrawn from
the Union ; but there are no laws of the Uni
ted States to be executed within the limits ef
a seceded Stale. A State finding herself in
the condition in which Mississippi has judged
she is, in which her safety requires that she
should provide for maintainance of her rights
out of the Union, surrenders nil the beuefita,
(and they are known to be many,) deprives
herself of the advantages, (they are known to
be groat,) severs all the ties of effort ion, (and
they are close and enduring,) which have
bound her to the Union; and thus divesting
herself of •▼ery bonefit, taken upon herself
overy burden, she claims (o be exempt from any
power to execute the laws of the United States
within her limits.
I well remember an oooeeioa when Massa
chusetts was brought before the bar of the
Senate, and when the doctrine of coercion
was rife, and to he applied against ber, because
of (be rescue of s fugitive slave in Boston.—
My opinion then was the same at It it now.—
Not in a spirit of egotism, but to show that I
am net influenced ia my opinion because the
aae ie my own, I refer to tint time and that
oocaaion, ns containing the opinion whioh I
then entertained, end on which my present con
duct is hafed. 1 then ftfld, if Massachusetts,
following her through a staled line of conduct,
chooses to take the last step which separates
her from the Union, it ie ber right to go, and
1 will neither vote one dollar aor eae man
<o coerce her back, but will say te her,
God speed, ka memory of the kind associations
whioh existed between her and the other
It has been a conviction of pressing net
aity, it has been a belief, that we are to
deprived in the Union of the rights whioh our
fathers bequeathed to us, whioh has brought
Mississippi into her present decision. She
has heard proelaimed the theory that all men
are oreated free and equal, and this made the
btais of an aUaok upon her eocial instituti
and the snored Declaration of Independence
has been invoked to maintain the position of
the equality of the raoee. The declaration of
Independence is to bo oonstrued by the eir-
cumstanoee and purposes for which it was
made. The communities wsre declaring their
independence; the people of oommunites were
asserting that no man was bora, to use the
language of Mr. Jefferson, booted and spur
red to ride over the rest of mankind; that
men are created equal—meaning the men of
a politioal community ; that there was no Di
vise right to rule ; that no man inherited the
right to govern ; that there were no olasses
by whieh power and plaoe descended to fami
lies ; but that all stations wsre equally with
in the grasp of each member of the body poli
These are the great principles they announ
ced ; these were the purposes for whioh they
inode their declaration; these were the ends
to which their enunciation was directed.—
They have no refereuce to the slave; else,
how happened it that among the items of
arraignment made against George UI, was
that he endeavored to do just what the North
has been endeavoring of late to do, to stir
up insurrection among our slaves I Had the
declaration announced that negroes were free
and equal, how was the Friuce to he arraign
ed for stirring up insurrection among them T
And how was this to be enumerated among
(be high crimes which onuseu the colonies to
sever their connection with the mother coun
try ? When our Constitution was formed, the
same idea was tendered more palpable, for
there we find provision made for that very
class of persons as property; they were not put
upon the footing of equality with white men ;
not even upou that of paupers and convicts ;
but, so far as representation was concerned,
were discriminated against as a lower caste,
only to he represented in the numercial pro
portion of three-fifths.
Then, Senators, we recur to the compact
which binds us together; we recur to the
principles which our Government was found
ed; and when you deny them, and when you
deny to us tho right to withdraw from the
Government Which, thus perverted, threatens
to be destructive to our rights, we but tread
in the path of our fathers when wo proclaim
our independence, and Lake the hazard. This
is done not in hostility to others, nor to injure
any section of the country, not even for our
own pecuniary benefit; but from the high and
solemn motive of defending and protecting
the rights we inherited and which it is our sa
cred duty to transmit unshorn to our chil
1 find in myself, perhaps, a type of the
general feeling of my constituents towards
yours. 1 am sure 1 feel no hostility to you,
Senators from the North. 1 am sure there ie
not one of you, whatever sharp disoussion
there may have been between us, to whom 1
cannot now say, in the presence of my
God, 1 wish you well; and such I am sure, ia
the feeling of the people whom I represent to
wards those whom you represent. I therefore
feel that I but express their desire when I say
1 hope, and they hope, for peaceful relations
with you, though we must part. They may
bo mutually beneficial to us in the future, as
they have been in the past if you so will it.—
The reverse may bring disaster on every por
tion of the eountry ; and if you will have it
thus, we will iuvoke the God of our fathers,
who delivered them from the power of the lion,
to protect ns from the ravages of the bear;
and thus putting our trust in God and in our
own firm heatis and strong arms, we will vin
dicate the right as best we may.
In the course of my service here associated,
at different times with a great variety of
Senators, 1 see around me some with whom I
have served long; there have been points of
collision, but whatever offenoe there has been
to me, 1 leave here; 1 carry with me no
hostile rememberance. Whatever offence I
have given which has not been redressed, or
for which satisfaction has not been demand
ed, I have Senators, in this hour of parting,
to offer you my apology for any pain whioh,
in the heat of discussion, I have inflicted.—
I go hence unencumbered by the remem
brance of any injury received, and having
discharged the duty of making tho only repa
ration in my power for any injury offered.
Mr. President, and Senators, having made
the announcement which the oocaaion seemed
to me to require, it only remains for me to
bid you a final adieu.”
To the People of Floyd County.
Fellow-Citizens t It was proposed in the Con
vention recently assembled in Milledgeville, to
reduce the number of members in both branch
es of the General Assembly. The opinion was
very general that there ought to he a reduction,
but there was grsst diversity of opinion as to
tho power of the Convention over the subject.
Some distinguished members regarded the
power of the Convention to be a plenary, and
unlimited os that of the people themselves.—
Indeed, they said (Ac Convention was the people.
Others, and among them a sagacious, clear
headed aud able delegate from Hancock,
thought the power of the Convention, though
derived from the people, was to he regarded as
restricted to the objects specified In The actor
the Legislature calling It
■P own opinion Is, that tho Convention, tho’
the immediate representative of the people in
thair sovereign capacity, and therefore not sub
ject to limitations of power by the fundamental
law, like an ordinary legislative body, yet Is
not the sovereignty, but only its representative.—
It is chprged with power by the people, limited
neither by the Coimitution nor the legislative
aet calling It, but by the declared wilt of <A*
peopto. The people may enlarge or diminish
the powers of their delegates to a Convention
regardless of the legIslaKve act.
You delegated to me no fewer ie reduce the
legielattfc body. That su^eet was pot con
templated by you, not discussed during the
canvasi. TtIs ih important subject. Individ
ually I am la favor of a large reduction, bat i
dee ire to know jour wishes. Allow me. then,
to suggest the propriety ora public meeting on
Saturday, the 16th fnettnt, to take the subject
under oMwkferation and give expression u the
puMte will In regard to M.
Respectfully, ». FOUCHB.
The Peace Congrr**.
The following is a list of the Delegates to the
Border-State, or Peace, Congress now in session
. at Washington City—the leading object of
which is, if possible, to devise some plan for
the peaceable adjustment of the National trou
New Hampshire—Amos Tuck, Asa Fowler,
and Levi Chamberlain.
Rhode leland—Sami. Ames, Alexander Dun
can, Wm. W. Hoppin, George U. Browne and
Samuel G. Arnold.
New York—David Dudley FieW, Wm. Curtis
Noyes, James 8. Wsrdsworth, James C. 8mith,
Addison Gardiner, Greene C. Bronson, William
E. Dodge, Amaziah B. James and Erastus Cor-
n X Jersey—Charles B. Olden, Robert F.
Stockton, Joseph K. Randolph, Rodman M.
Price, Peter D. Broom, Benjamin Williamson,
Fred. T. Frelinghuysen, Thus. J. Stryker and
Wm. C. Alexander.
Pennsylvania—Wm. M. Meredith, James
Pollock, Thomas E. Franklin, Thomas White,
David Wilmot, Andrew W. Loomis and Wm.
Maryland—Reverdy Johnson, Wm. 8. Golds-
borough, Augustus W. Bradford, John W. Cris-
field and J. Dixon Roman.
Illinois—Stephen T. Logan, G. A. Koerner,
Ex-Governor Wood, B. C. Cook and Thomas J.
Virginia—John Tyler, James A. Scddon, W.
C. Rives, George W. Bummers and John W.
North Carolina—John M. Morehead, Georgo
Davis, David 8. Reid and D. M. Barringer.
Kentuoky—Jas. B. Clay, Ex-Governor More-
head, James Guthrie, Joshua F. Bell, Wm. 0.
Butler and Charles A. Wickliffe.
Ohio—Salmon P. Chase, S. C. Wright, V.
Harlan, Thomas Ewing, Wm. Groesbeck, Reu
ben Hitchcock and F. T. Backus.
Teunessee—Robert J. McKinney, Samuel
Milligan, J. N. Anderson, Robert L. Caruthers,
Thomas Martin, Isaac R. Hawkins, A. 0. W.
Patten, Alvin 8. Cullom, Wm. P. Hickerson,
Geo. W. Jones, F. K. Zollikoffer and William
Missouri—Waldo P. Johnson, A. W. Doni
phan, A. H. Buckner, J. D. Coslter, Harrison
The sessions of the Congress are held with
closed doors. The reason given is this: If the
proceedings of the Convention are published
daily, every proposition which is made by a
member must be sustained by him without re
traction or wavering; but if tho doors are clos
ed, and none of the propositions are made
public, there will be no hesitancy about retrac
tion or compromise, as it will not redound to
the political injury or glory of one party or the
It will be remombered by the readers of his
tory, that the Convention which met for the
purpose of conferring concerning the Declara
tion of the Independence of the United States
of America, sat with closed doors. And conse
quently, although whon the Convention as
sembled nearly half of the delegates were de
termined to oppose the Declaration of Indepen
dence, yet when they adjourned sine die, their
decision was unanimous in resisting to tho
death any tyranny of the mother country, and
declaring the inhabitants of tho United States
of America to be a free and independent peo
The message of Gov. Houston to the Texas
Legislature, advocates a settlement “now and
forever” of our difficulties with the North, but
thinks the action and position of Texas should
he with the border Slates, and not the Cotton
States. He says:
Were governments formed in an hour, and
nan liberty the natural result of revolution,
less responsibility would attach to us as we
consider the momentous question before us.—,
A long struggle, amid bloodshed and privation,
secured the liberty which has been our boast
for three-quarters of a century. Wisdom, pa
triotism, and the noble conoessiens of great
minds, framed our Constitution. Long centu
ries of heroic strife attest the progress of free
dom to this culminating point. Ere the work
of centuries Is undone, and freedom, thorn of
her victorious garments, is started oat onco
a her weary pilgrimage, hoping to find,
after centuries have passed away, another
dwelling plaee, it is not unmanly to nauee and,
at least, endeavor to avert the calamity.
“The Executive feels as deeply as any of
your honorable body, the necessity for such
action on the part of the slavebolding States
as will seeure to the fullest extent every right
they possess. SeH-preservation, if not a man
ly love of liberty, inspired by our past history,
prompt this determination. But he cannot feel
that these dictate hasty and unconoerted ac
tion, nor can he reoonoila to his mind the idea
that our safety demand* an immediate separa
tion from the Government ere we have stated
our grievances or demanded redress. A high
resolve to maintain our constitutional rights,
and failing to obtain them, to risk the penis of
revolution, even as our fathom risked them,
should, in my opinion, actuate every citisen of
Texas; hut we should remember that we owe
duties and obligations to States having rights
in oommon with us, aad whose institutions aro
the same as ours. No aggressions can come
upon us, which will not m visited upon them,
and whatever our action may be, it should be
of that character whisk will bear ns blameless
The Stale Convention*
The Proprietor of the Savannah “Republi
can” has made arrangements, at considerable
cost, for complete reports, daily, of the proceed
ings of this body, one of the most important
that ever assembled in the Southern States.—
This will enable the “ Republican” to pzqeent
new attractions to the reading public, and
should induos a large addition to its list of sub
Out State Convention will probably ru-as-
seasbls directly after the adjournment of the
Southern Convention, and Savannah is the
place of iU next sitting. So that the next two
months are destined to constitute a memorable
period in American history.
Aa the intensest interest will be felt In the
action of this deliberative body, the very ear
liest accounts ef their proceeding* will he giv :
eh, and te those who prefer I# wbeerihe for e
lew time then » yeer, will be Jhi*ished with
the Dally “Rspublioen,” for two mouths, at $1«