THE PCBLIC GOOD BEFORE PRIVATE ADVANTAGE.
EDITORS & PROPRIETORS.
ATLANTA, GEORGIA, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1861.
At advertising schedule
!ln«e er lew. one Ineortlon, $1; a
• ubaoqutnt IneerUon leee than o
u, with the privllef* of chanfe, win
renewable once a month, t 85
~k, with or without rules, and adver-
uf double column, will be charged
Tyt marked on copy for a specified
•hed until ordered out, and charged
Inserted la the Daily, and Wbkklt
charged 80 per cent additional to ** _
,j will be limited to the apace c
will be charged extra at regular ra
Removals, Copartnerships, Notice)
will appear In the Weekly paper
vo be Inserted In the Weekly paper on-
Intervals In either of the papera, will
square for every Insertion.
~ Ida tee for State, Cmintp, and Msnl-
nch—to be puld In advance la every
nta for Charitable Instltutlona, MUIta-
>auies, Ward, Town and other Public
sharged half price.
deaths ire published as news; but
ea of Respect and Funeral Invitations
In Local Column will be charged 30
to be Included in
ywriatton will be made from the fere
UANLUTBR * ADAIh.
4 Departure of Trains.
4k Banking Company.
a nta, 171 Mile*—Fare, $5 50.
X« PiMIMM TRAIN.
, daily, at— 0.05, A. M.
istaat 0.10, P. M.
., daily, at.... ••*•» A. M.
nta at...... —0*00, A. M.
i pauusir teaw.
daily, at 8.40, P. M.
lata at 5.50, A. M.
- 2.80, P. M.
ita at 11.45, P. M.
, in connection with th.Tr.in,
olin. .nd the S.T.nn.h end
id., *t August.-
Sl Wart-Point Railroad.
t-Poiut, 87 Mile,—F.re,„$3 60.
d.ilr, at. 10.10, A. M,
t-Poiut at — 8.10, P. M.
Int, daily, »t - 8.00, P. M.
eta at....™ V.61. P.M.
daily, at 0.80, A. M.
t-Point .1 6.46, A. M.
oint, daily, at..—— 8.16, A. M.
-t» at 7.60, A. M.
Mot. with the Montgomery A
U Atlantic S«llx»«.
ooga, 188 MilM—Fare,....$6.
eilj.et 10.10, A. M.
-BOga at. 6.40, P.M.
ga at — 4.06, A. M.
at 1.16, P.M.
nightly, »t 7.60, P. M.
"nooga at 4.60, A. M.
eg. .1- 8 JO, P. M.
ta at 11.46, P. M.
-.each way,with the Rome
.t Kingston, the Halt Ten-
Rielroed at Dalton, and the
ooga Railroad at Chatta-
101 MiUa—Fare, $4 60.
1.46, P. M.
; at - 7.16, P. M.
i 1.80, P. M.
at 7.00, P. M
...„ 11.00, Sight.
__ MO, A. M.
7.18, A. M.
nj will not b. run on Sun-
Vight Train from Atlanta,
Central Railroad for Karan
M., and the South WeeUrn for
mboe, at 0.46, A. M.
front Atlanta, eonnacta with
road for Savannah at 10.00 P.
" -Western Rail Road for Co-
*a Tick.U from Atlanta to >1.
ng Omnibua far# in Savannah,
la Manufacturing bueineee. Ona
oaab capital, or more, will And
whether h. .agigee nt-
bueiceea or not. Wot hrtfcar «■*-
H> July 14-tf
ATLANTA LODGE. No. to, F. A. M., meete on the sc«
•nd and fourth Ttiuraday night* In each month.
LEWIS LaWBUB, W. M.
Job* M. Boaiso, Secretary.
d the first
DAVID MAYER, W. M.
B. J. Mamet, Secretary.
MOUNT ZION ROYAL ARCU CHAPTER, No. 1«, meete
on the second and fourth Monday nights In each
month. L. J. GLKNN, H. P.
O. R. Hamlkitsk, Secretary.
JASON BURR COUNCIL OF ROYAL AND SELECT
MASTERS, No. 18, meets auarterlv, on the first
day la January, April, July and October.
W. W. BOYD, M.-.B.*.
W. T. Ms ad, Recorder.
Willi ax Wilbos, Secretary.
EMPIRE ENCAMPMENT, No. 18, meet* ou the eecoud
and fourth Wedne«lay nights.
WM. H. BARNES, Chief Patriarch,
W. W. BOYD, High Priest.
T. P. Flsmino, Scribe.
BANK OP PULTON—Alabama Street.
K. W. HOLLAND, President.
A. Adhtbix, Cashier.
AGENCY CENTRAL RAILROAD A BANKING COM
PANY—Office on Alabama Street.
A. W. JONES, Agent.
AGENCY GEORGIA RAILROAD A BANKING COM
PANY—Office on Whitehall Street near the Railroad.
WM. W. CLAYTON, Agent
J. P. LOG AN, President.
Paaiso Brows, Cashier.
ATLANTA FIRE DEPARTMENT.
R. F. MADDOX, 2d Assistant.
F. M. JOHNSTON, Secretary.
JOHN F. CZZARD, Treasurer.
ATLANTA FIRB COMPANY No. 1, meets first Monday
In each month. J. H. MECA8L1N, President.
W. K. Mason, Secretary.
GOVERNMENT OF GEORGIA.
K. P. Watkins, Secretary of State.
Jobs Jones, Treasurer.
Pbtkrson Thweatt, Comptroller General.
A. J. Bootless, Surveyor General.
Thro Sorb L. Gcsrrt, President of Senate.
F. H. West, Secretary of Senate.
C. J. Williams, Speaker Heuae of Representative!
Gsobgb Htllier, Clerk House of Representative
F.li McConnbll, Principal Keeper.
Charles G. Talbied, Assistant.
W. A. Williams, Book Keeper.
Chas. W. Lane, Chaplain.
Da. R G. Case, Physician.
JoflBPB Hbnrt Lumpkin, of Athens.
Richard II. Ltoh, of Atlanta.
Charles J. Jenkins, of Augusta.
Geckos N. Lustuh, of Marietta.
Charles W. DuBose, of Sparta.
1st District.—Brunswick, Eastern and Middle Judicial
Time op Session—2d Monday In January and June, at
2d Ditrict—Patau la, Macon, South-Western and Chat
tahoochee, Judicial Circuit*.
Tihu op Bkmiob—-4th Monday in January and 8d
Monday In June, at Macon.
8d District—Tallapoosa, Flint, Coweta, Blue Ridge and
4m Dwtriot.—Western and Northern Circuit*.
Time op Session—llh Monday in May and November,
5th District.—Ocmulgee and Southern Circuit*.
Time op Sessions—2d Monday in May and November,
Out ills A. Boll, LaG range, Judge.
N. J. Hamhoed, Atlanta, Solicitor OeneraL
Coutles. Time of Session.
Clayton—1st Monday In May and November.
DeKalb—4th Monday In April and October.
Ourroll—1st and 2d Monday !
Coweta—1st Monday In March and September.
Floyd—4th Monday In Jan. and 1st Monday In July.
Paulding—4th Monday In February and August.
Polk—84 Monday In February and August.
BLUE RIDGE CIRCUIT.
Juouut D. Rice, Marietta, Judge.
Wm. Phiu ips, Marietta, SoUollor Geoeral.
Cninlle*. Time of Sessions.
Cherokee—1st Monday In March and September.
C«bt»—fid Monday in March and September.
Dawson—2d Monday In February and August.
Fannin—fid Monday In May and October.
Forsyth—8d Monday In February and August.
Gilmer—1st Monday In May and October.
Lumpkin-4th Monday In January and July.
MIKon—1st Monday in Jane aud November.
Pickens—fid Monday in March and September.
Town#—4th Monday In May and October.
Union—8d Monday in May and October.
J. A. W. Jornsor, Caasvllle, Solicitor General.
Couillle*. Time of Htvalnu
Cate—fid Monday In March and September.
Catooea—td Monday In May and November.
Dade—4th Monday In Mag and November.
Gordon—1st Monday la April and October.
Murray—1d Monday In April and October.
WaBter—Ifanday before first Monday la March and
Whitfield—4th Monday to April and October.
Mayor—JARED IRWIN WHITAKER.
Ward I—Felix Haidman, F. C. House.
Ward II—William Watkins, J. R. Crew.
Ward III—8. B. Love, Robert Crawford.
Ward IV—J. H. Mecaslin, James Lynch.
Ward V—B. B. Hobson, Thoma* Kile.
in Finance—Councilmen Robson, Crew,
d Ordinance*—Councilmen Watkins, Me-
Committee on Streets—Councilmen Crew, Kolison,
Committee on Wells, Pumps and Cisterns—Coutiell-
men Lynch, Kile, House.
Committee ou Lamps ami Gas—Cuuiicilnieu Kile, Me-
Committee on Market—Cojncllmen Hardman, Love,
Committee on Fire Department—Councilmen Mecav-
Hn, Hobson, Watkins.
Committee on Police—Councilmen Love, House,
Committee on Cemetery—Councilmen Hardman, Wat
Committee on Public Bulhliugs and Grounds—Coun
cilmen House, Crew, Mecaslin.
Committee on Tax—Councilmen Watkins, Crawford,
Committee on Relief—Councilmen Crawford, Mecas
lin, House, Watkins, Kile.
Clerk of Council, Tax Receiver and Collector— II. C.
Treasurer—K. J. Roach.
Chief Marshal—Thomas B. Boggus.
Deputy Marshal— Duke H. Brannon.
1st Lieutenant Police—B. N. Williford.
2d Lieutenant Police—J. M. Lester.
City Surveyor—N. L. Currier.
Clerk Market—J. D. Wells.
City Sexton—G. A. Pilgrim.
Superintendent Streets—11. W. McDaniel.
BOARD OP HEALTH.
Dr. U. W. BROWN, Chairman,
G. B. Haygood, Esq., Dr. D. C. O’Keefe,
Dr. J. G. Westmoreland, Dr. T. S. Powell.
II. HUNTINGTON, M. D.,
OFFICE in Rawsou’s new build-
iag, corner Whitehall and Hunter Streeat.—
Residence first house lo the left of Col. Yan-
Iikperenckh: Hod. It. F. Lyon, Mr. E. E.
Rawson, Messrs. Beach A Root, Rev. Mr. Rog
ers, Dr. Logan, Atlanta; Rev. C. M. Irwin, D.
A. Vason, Esq., Col. Nelson Tift, Col. W. J.
Lawton, Henry Tarver, Albauy. Jau 10.
JUSTICES UiPKKIOR CBCHT.
Z. A. Rice, Clark Howell,
William Watkins, J. N. Simmons,
E. M. Taliaferro.
Sheriff—C. O. Green—Deputy, 8. B. Love.
Clerk Superior Court—B. F. Botnar.
Clerk Inferior Court—Daniel Plttmau.
Ordinary—J. II. Mead.
Treasurer—J. R. Wallace.
Tax Collector—A. J. Collier.
Tax Receiver—William Center.
Coroner—A. R. White.
Surveyor—Thomas A. Kenedy.
ATLANTA INSURANCE COMPANY.
JOS. P. LOGAN, President.
PERINO BROWN, Cashier.
L. P. GRANT, JOSEPH P. LOGAN,
THOMAS L. COOPER, JOHN W.^)UNCAN,
GEORGE G. HULL, JOS. D. LOCKHART.
D EPOSITS received and commercial paper
Collections received and remitted for at cur
rent rates of Exchange on day of payment.
Uncurrent money, Gold and Silver Coin,
bought and sold.
Loans and Notes negotiated.
Stocks, Bonds and Real Estate bought and
sold on commission.
Prompt attention to correspondent*,
FIEE AND LIFE INSURANCE !
W E are Agents for the Augusta Insurance
Company, and the Insurance Company
of the Valley of Virginia.
Our rates of premium will compare with anv
of the Northern Companies. We trust our
citizens will patronize Southern Institutions,
especially when they are strong, solvent and
prompt in redeeming all looses.
8. B. ROBSON A CO.
aprill7 Atlanta, Georgia.
FIRE AND LIFE
T HE subscriber represents the following first
class Companies, some of which are now
the leading Gonip* .ies in the country—all
having Cash Capitals and a large surplus. The
Companies thus* designated divide aeventy-JSve
per ct. qf the net earnings %oith the policy holders:
HOME INSURANCE COMPANY, N. Y.
Capital aud Surplus, * 1,458,000 28
•CONTINENTAL IMSURANCE COMPANY,
Capital and Surplus, *1,<M)0.000.
• 8BCURITY INSURANCE COMPANY, N. Y.
Capital aud Surplus, 9600,383.
CITIZEN INSURANCE COMPANY, N. Y.
Capital and Surplus *3*4,3tt*.
NIAGARA INSURANCE COMPANY.
Capital and Surplus, *304,654.
SPRINGFIELD FIRE AND MARINE INSU
RANCE COMPANY, MASS.
Capital aud Surplus, *464,000.
• MARKET INSURANCE COMPANY, N. Y.
Capital and Surplus *300,4MMK
HUMBOLDT INSURANCE COMPANY, N. Y.
Capital and Surplus, $235,000.
METROPOLITAN INSURANCE CO., N. Y.
Capital and Surplus, *4(HMMM>.
NEW YORK LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY.
This Company offers security and advan
tages unsurpassed by any Life Insurance Com
pany in the country. It accomodates the in
surer in the payment of premiums, annually,
half yearly, or quarterly. Premiums on poli
cies for life, ifover $60 per annum, sixty per
eeni. is only required. Annuities granted on the
most liberal terms.
All the above Companies court investigation
into their condition and system of doing busi
Office on Whitehall street, next door to T. R.
Ripley's, opposite the “Intelligencer'* office.
jnlylJ SAMUEL SMITH.
DM. J. I*
BUOCKROOB TO CAMrBELL * BHO.,
OFFICE over Massey k Lansdell's
Drug Store, Whitehall street, Atlanta,Georgia-
All operations pertaining to Deutal Surgery
performed with the greatest care twawlyjeS
E. J, 4 K. W. CRAVEN,
HAEE removed to their new
and splendid room in Farkkh’s
Block, opposite Beach A Roots, where they are
prepared to wait on all who may wish their
Ministers, who are pastors charged half-
price. Calls from a distance attended o wi"
W. J. DICKEY,
SURGEON AND MECHANICAL
OFFICE—Up-stairs, next door to Richard’s
Book Store. sep24twlyr
FIRS TOO OR WEST OF THE FUtTON BANS
A great variety of
reas, Giles f. Mayfield applies t# we for Utter*
mission from th* Executorship of tbs Estate of
Mayfield, late of said Count?, deceased
TMee are therefore In elic end aeinoidati elt and eln-
filter, the kindred am4 eredMors of eald deoeeeed to
•box *Au*e, it any they have, why s*U £**"*•**
not be great**. v. f. SKELTON,
Oct. M, IS*)—4cn Ordinary.
Covered in BROCATELLE, REPS, VEL
VET, 6HALLY, and HAIRCLOTH. All
made in a workman like manner, combining
Strength, Durability and Beauty!
Modelled after the style of LOUIS XIV,
and many of the Oriental Styles adapted to
American taatc. Also may be found
Ladies’ Parlor Chairs,
Mostly of new Patterns, from
$5 to $30 each.
Of the latest and most fash
Of Rosewood, Mahogany,
Walnut and Imitation, from
$1.25 to $80.
Of every style, qi Jity and
Cane, Rush, aud Wood-Seal CHAIRS, fo
Parlor, Dining, and Bed-Room, with a large
variety of Childreu'a Chairs; Rocking aud
Nurse Chairs, with Cane, Rush, and Wood
WARDROBES, Wash-Stands, Hat-Racks,
Corner Stands ; 8ide, Centre, and Parlor TA
BLES, Ladiea’ Work Tables and Quartettes.
BEDSTEADS OF EVERY KIND.
FRENCH IN ROSEWOOD,
FRENCH IN MAHOGANY,
FRENCH IN WALNUT
ORIENTAL IN ROSEWOOD,
ORIENTAL IN MAHOGANY,
COTTAGE IN MAPLE AND
COMMON IN POPLAR & MAPLE.
Cottage Suites in a variety of atylea.
Hair, Moaa and Cotton Mattresses made to
order. All kinds of common Mattresses usual
ly found in Furniture Stores kept on b*ud.—
Also a full supply of Window Shades, new
Patterns, together with many other articles
common to this line of trade.
Particular attention paid to Repairing and
making to order. Looking Glass Plates kept
constantly on hand.
D. CHAFFEK, Agent
Atlanta, Sept 10—dim
The Original Revolver.
A writer in the Scientific American, who
signs himself Thomas K. Murray, says :
I notice that a correspondent of the Peters
burg (Va.) Daily Express has come to the con
clusion that the original revolving fire arm is
the one described in the book eutilled, “At
Home and Abroad.” From what the author
says, 1 am led to believe that be is of the
same opinion. My object in writing this let
ter is to deny that conclusion, and to point
out the genuine, original revolving fire arm.
I will quote bis words :
“Warwick Castle, only six miles distant,
offers a remarkable contrast to Kenilworth.—
Like the latter, the date of its foundation is
uuknown, and its most ancient part bears the
name of “Cmsar’s Tower but, while Kenil
worth is fast crumbling to pieces, this remains
entire, and is inhabited in every part. * *
We saw also, the armory, which is usually
closed to visitors. It is rich in the ancient
armor, and raie and curious objects, among
which I may mention the crystal hilted dag
ger of Queen Elizabeth, her skirt of chain
mail, her saddle aDd the trappings of her
horse ; but 1 was most struck with two things
—a revolving musket, more than two hundred
years old, and a mask taken from the face of
Oliver Cromwell after dealb. The revolver
(of tbe antiquity of which there can be doubt)
is almost precisely similar to Colt’s, having a
single barrel, to which is attached a revolving
cyliudcr, containing six chambers. There is
a flint lock and pan to each chamber, and the
firing of one discharge brings the stlcceeding
chamber to the barrel. I had been aware of
the existence of this curious weapon, but was
not prepared to find the idea of a revolver so
perfectly developed.” (Page 50 and seq.)—
The original one, similar to Colt's in style is
in existence at the present time, and was on
exhibition at tbe Mechanical and Agricultur
al Fair at Newbern, N. C., in 1859. The in
ventor, a poor man (a blacksmith,) and scarce
ly could get tbe necessary funds to pay his
(raveling expenses and for his patent, llis
friends (?) laughed at his folly—the absurdity
of spendiug what little money he had in such
reckless manner. He finally started, but be
tween Richmond and Washington city he lost
his fortune. It is useless for me to say more;
the balance of the story may be imagined.—
The poor man returned home to be iaughed at
and scorned and reproached for his shallow
ness of mind. Alas! poor Gill, the black
smith, died, and was buried
“Unwept, unhonored and unsung.”
Any information concerning this revolver
can be obtained by addressing the Mayor,
Frederick Lane, or the Matthews family at
Newbern, N. C., the latter of whom own this
“ implement of warfare.” The one intended
and used as a model has fourteen chambers,
instead of five or six. The barrel is of brass.
While I was editing the Newbern Gazette, I
kept putting off my description and illustra
tion of this instrument until the paper was
discontinued. Revolving fire arms have an
origin, and the nation should know who is the
Loui«.L.8h«n,| LIBEL FOR DIVORCE.
John r. 8he»n. ) AngnitTerfo, 1866.
TT appears to the Court that the Defendant
-L resides outside the limits of tbe State of
G—rgia. It Is ordered by the Court that eervtea
upon aaid Defendant be perfected by publiee-
turn in terms of the law.
D. F. HAMMOND, J. S. C.
Ageutl It, 1800. nov.12 1 a mth f.Omths.
Abraham prayed, “O that Ishmael might
live before thee; and Got> said, “As for lsh-
raael, 1 have heard Thee.” Lot prayed, and
Zoar became a city of refuge for him, Sedom
and Gomorrah were consumed. Jacob prayed,
and his name was changed to Israel. His de
scendants oried to God in their bondage, and
be stretched out tbe right hand of his power
for their deliverance. Moses cried unto the
Lord, and the waters gushed from Horeb.
Hannah prayed, and then testified, “The Loud
hath given me my petition.” Samuel besought
Jbhovah in Israel’s behalf, and great thunder
diacomfitted the Philistines. Solomon had a
wise and understanding heart, beoause he had
asked for this thing. Elijah on Carmel prayed,
“Hear me, O, Lord, hear mesoon the mul
titude exclaimed, “The Lord he is God! the
Lord he is God !” Elijah prayed, and the
Shunamlte’s son breathed again. Ilezekiah
prayed, and the shadow went backward ten
degrees on the dial of Ahaz. Asa oried unto
the Lord, and the Ethiopians tied before him
aud Judah. Jehoshaphat prayed, and Judah
aud Jerusalem saw the salvation of God. Ne-
hemiah made prayer unto Gon|ainid the taunt
ings of enemies, and ' saw them silenceu under
the power of Jbhovah. David, in trouble, cal
led upon the Lord, and deliverance came to
him, and mercy to his seed forevermere.
Jeremiah cries in our hearing unto the Lord,
“Tbou hast heard my voice.” Gabriel oame
with swift wing to Daniel to asiure him that
his supplications was not in vain. From the
billow and tbe wave Jonah sent up his cry t
and the Lord heard. Zarharias prayed, and an
angel from the presence of God came with glad
tidings. Bartimeus cried aloud, and glorified
God for sight bestowed. The dying thief niter
ed one prayer, and Paradise opened its gates to
receive him.—Christian Press.
in this respect they can command the peace
of the world.
But will those States remain six, and no
more? Texas, on the West, is allied in feel
ing and sentiment. Tbe northern “slave”
States have a negro population whioh is grad
ually moving tropic ward. It must go on or
they are ruined. A large negro population in
a temperate latitude would be aa incubus.—
Interest, therefore, as well as inclination will
lead those States southward, instead ef seek
ing the tender mercies of Abolitionism, which
would iuflict upon them a large free negro
Suppose, then, all these Slates joined to
the Sonthern Confederacy, how natural, in
deed how easy it would be for New Jersey, a
State that has always been true to her feder
al obligations, to join the same Confederacy.
This done, then look at the map and see the
result. Why, the Southern Confederacy has
a continuous sea coast from the Rio Grande
to the Hudson ! Jersey City, resting upon
the great New York bay, disputes the palm
with New York as the great irapoTt and export
point of the Southern Confederacy. The Brit
ish steamers are already located at Jersey City,
and soon her docks would be lined with ship
ping, and stores and warehouses rise up like
Aladdin’s temples. All the southern business
and trade of New York would go there, of
course, for there the revenues of the Southern
Confederacy would be oolleoted, and no doubt
its tariff would be much more liberal than
ours, the great shipping and commercial bu
siness would necessarily follow where trade
was the freest. Thus might New York city
find a rival at her very doors, and New Jer
sey, so long sneered at and reviled as being
out of tbe United States, turn out to be the
only northern Stale actually in them.—New
York Day Book.
It Won’t Do.
It is curious how many thousand things
there are which won’t do lobe done, upon this
crazy planet of ours, whereon we eat, sleep
and get our dinners. For instance: It won’t
do to plunge in a lawsuit, relying wholly on the
justice of your cause, and not equipped before
hand with a brimmino purse.
it won’t do to tweak a man’s nose, or tell
him he lies, unless you are perfectly satisfied
he has not spunk euough to resent it by blow
ing your brains out, or (if you have no brains)
cracking yours skull, li won’t do, when riding
in a stage coach to talk of another man, whom
you have not seen, as being an “all fired scoun
drel,” until you are absolutely sure he is cot
sitting before you.
It won’t do, when snow drifts sre piled up
mountain high, and sleighs are eternally up
setting, to ride out with a beautiful, lively,
fascinating girl, and not expect to get smashed
It won’t do for a man, when a horse kicks
him, to kick back at the horse.
It won’t do to crack jokes on old maids in the
presence of unmarried ladies who have passed
the age of forty.
It won’t do to imagine that a legislature fed
at the public crib will sit but six weeks, when
two thirds of the members have not the capaci
ty to earn a decent living at home.
It won’t do for a man to bump his head
against a stone post, unless he conscientiously
believes his head is the hardest.
It won’t do for a ehap to imagine a girl is in
different to him beoause she studiously avoids
him in company.
It won’t do for a feller to imagine that every
young lady who smiles upon him is “^mitten”
with, his good looks.
It won’t do, when in a hurry, to eat soup
with a two-pronged fork, or to oatoh Hies with
a fish net.
It won’t do for a man to fancy a lady is in
love with him beoause she treats him eivilly and
politely on All occasions.
It won't do for a politician to imagine him
self sleeted to office while the “back counties
remain to bo heard from.”—Enterprise.
Ihe Confederate States*
The six States, now united under Jefferson
Davis as President, and A. II. Stephens as
Vice President, had a population, in 1850, of
2,289,147 whites, and 2,160,721 negro slaves.
They embrace the whole of the territory from
South Carolina on the Atlantio to the Sabine
on the Gulf of Mexioo. In fertility nnd pro
ductiveness, they are not exceeded by any
portion of our country, and in respect to the
kind of their productions, it may be truly said
that, this moment, they hold the world in awe.
The first breath of real danger has alarmed
every cotton spinner in England, and we read
pathetie accounts in the English papers of
4,000,000 people dependent upon ootton from
America for their daily bread. This in no
fanciful picture. At a recent meeting held at
Manchester, in England, it was staled that
85 per cent, of all the cotton used is Amerioan,
and nearly all of it comes from the very six
States that have “seceded.” But, say our
velabla “Republican” editors, eotton ean be
produced in other plaoes. So it ean. But
not such as tbs Confederate States produo*, or
such cotton as the English spinners want and
must have. The Surat or East India cotton
oawiet be spun te profit, and is always mixed
with the Amerioan staple by the English man
ufactures- It is thus seen that these StsHee
have the monopoly of the eotton culture, nnd
Departure of U. 8. Troops for Florida.
On Wednesday orders were issued from the
headquarters of the army in this oity directing
Major Holmes to prepare three oompanies of
United Slates soldiers for the Florida Forts,
Capt Meiggs, who recently arrived from Fort
Taylor at Fort Jefferson, having expressed a
desire for re-enforcements to work tbe extra
ordinance brought by him to the latter place.
The Governmeut had already chartered Iho
steamer Daniel Webster to convey the troops,
who embarked yesterday afternoon in oharge
of three commissioned officers. The men are
chiefly recruits net having been yet assigned
to companies or regiments. About fifty of them
will be soul to Fort Taylor, the remainder, ar
tillerists, to Fort Jefferson. Major Arnold's
company of artillery, detached frem Boston,
has also been added to the garrison at Tortugas
(Jefferson,) of which Capt. Meiggs has now
sole command. A considerable quantity of or
dinance materials, and sueh stores as garrisons
generally need most, as well as all the baggage,
knapsnacks, muskets and small arms, were also
on board the vessel. A flying rumor that the
men were bound for Charleston is utterly
groundless.—N. Y. News.
United Status Troots in Texas.—A de
tachment of ninety-two recruits is to be sent
from New York on Friday to Braeos Santiago,
Texas. This movement of troops, at this time,
is simply for the routine purpose of filling va
cancies in the Texes regiments—just as troops
are sent from time to time to California, Ore
gon, and New Mexioo to supply the regiments
The number of United States soldiers in
Texas at present is not less than 3,500. They
are picked men, from all the branches of ser
vice. They are stationed at posts all along
the Rio Grande and the Camanche frontier,
to protect the people of Texas from Mexican
and Indian marauders. To maintain this
large force oosts the United Slates over
$1,500,000 a year, and furnishes tht farmers
and crazier - of Texas with regular cash cus*
tom for immense quantities of meat and grain.
Among the rights whioh the Texans may
sxpeot to enjoy if they retire from the Union
will ba that of doing all their own fighting.—
Journal qf Commerce.
ftlENCU CALK SKIMS.
LARGE LOT, just received direei from
the Importers, and for sale by the dozen
or sinfele skin, at low pricbe, by
DIMI&t, WILSON 3 CO.,
octl Peach-Tree Street, Atlanta, Georgia.