EITXR & ADAIR,
THE PUBLIC GOOD BEFORE PRIVATE ADVANTAGE.
EDITORS A PROPRIETORS.
ATLANTA, GEORGIA, TH11RSDAV, FEBRifARV 28, 1861
i> I—NO. 14.
imOM k AOVIHTISIHO SCHEDULE
TBAMS or IUBSCK1PTIOJI.
reqalrwi invariably la advano*.
-e of 10 line* ••■i " v "* T ’
f«» r each »ah»oquent ln*«rvlon leu than o
" liao.t AMU;8 moo. 4bm.#»oi. lit
gif | *»0
*8 31,40 45
on XT I AA ! (0
48 I (0
r »dvertW1n|t, with the privilege of change, will
i at the following rate*:
Square, renewable once a month, * W
e Sq »ar«a, JJ
►uUr work, with or without rule*, and adver-
i occupjinfr double column, will be charged
—*■ —e rule*.
laemanu rM marked on oopy for a eperlfled
I toe putotlehed until ordered out, and charged
g tu the above rate*.
laemeiiti tmerted In the Dailt; and Wbkklt
a 111 be charged 60 |*er cent, additional to the
advertiser* will be limited to the apace con-
,r. They will be charued extra at regular ratea
i, Renta, Removal*, Copartnershi|»a, Notice* to
et, Ac., and payment demanded quarterly.
‘baXMKXT ADV»ET18i*U MV8T HI PAID FOB 1*
erttaeroent wltl appeal* In the Weekly paper
by apeclal contract.
-tiaeiuent* to be Inserted In the Weekly pi»|**r on-
t Irregular Interval* In either of the paper*, will
K *4 $1 per square for every Ineertlon.
-ncing candidate* for State, County, and Muni-
, *6 each—to be paid In odvauce In every
vertisement* for Charitable Institution*, Milita-
Flre Companle*. Ward, Town and other Public
will be charged half price.
»e* and death* are published a* new*; but
m. Tribute* of Respect and fuueral luvlUtions
-(Notice* in Local Column will be charged SO
per, under no circumstances, to be Included In
urtlon or variation will be made from the fore-
UANLE1TEK A AD AIK.
vkl and Departure of Tralua.
Railroad 4 Banking Company.
to Atlanta, 171 Mile*—Fare, $5 50.
ROB YONGE, Superintendent.
M ORIX IB Q PASSENGER TRAIN.
tlanta, daily, at...- 8-05. A. M.
Augusta at ®- 20 » p - JJ.
rusta, daily, at 0.80, A. M
Atlanta at 9.4i, A. M.
BIORT PA8KKNGKR train.
-nta, dally, at - 8.40, P. M.
Augusta Rt —• 6.60, A. M.
asta at - 2.80, P. M.
tlauta at - 11.44, P. M.
runs in connection with the Trains
Carolina and tha Savannah and
lrooda, at Augusta.
4k Wort-Point Railroad.
West-Point, 87 Miles—Fare,..$3 50.
G. HULL, Superintendent.
AT PASiNXGKS TRAIN.
to, daily, at. 10.10, A. M.
est-Point at - 8.10, P. M.
Point, daily, &t — 3.00, P. M.
tlauta at 7.51, P. M.
~ORT PAS8RBOKR TRAIN.
to, daily, at 0.30, A. M.
est-Point at 5.46, A. M.
-Point, daily, at 8.15, A. M.
tlanta at... 7.5», A. M.
connects with the Montgomery A
1 at West-Point.
Ik Atlantic Railroao.
tt&nooga, 138 Miles—Fare,....$5.
7. LEWIS, Superintendent.
T FASSRNONR TRAIN.
, daily, at 10,10, A. M.
-nooga at 6.40, P. M.
ooga at 4.05, A. M.
nta at 1.15, P. M.
IRS PASSBNeSR TRAIN.
nightly, at 7.50, P. M.
nooga at 4.50, A. M.
- ooga at 3.20, P. M.
-U at 11.45, P. M.
nnects.each way.with the Rome
d at Kingston, the East Ten-
gia Rial road at Dalton, and the
attanooga Railroad at Chatta-
A Western Railroad.
, 102 Miles—Fare $4 I*.
L. TYLER, Superintendent.
St PASSBNOBR TNAIN.
1.45, P. M.
teat 7.15, P. M.
t 1.80, P. M.
n at 7.00, P. M
T TASSBNOBB TRAIN.
- 12.00, Night
at 7.15, A. M.
.. 12.00, Night
at 7.15, A. M.
'ns will not be run on Sun
il Night Train from Atlanta,
e Central Railroad for Saven-
M., and the South-Western for
mbas, at 0.45, A. M.
front Atlanta, connects with
11 road for Savannah at 10.00 P.
“Ih-Western Bail Road for Co-
h Tickets from Atlanta to New
g Omnibus fare in Savannah,
e Manufacturing business. Ons
eh capital, or more. Will find
ent, whether be engegee oc-
nets or,not Per further per-
at this ottoe. Jul/H-lf
Juhx M. Borinu, Secretary.
&. J. Mihmi, Secretary.
LEWIS LaWSIIE, W. M.
i the Br«t
DAVID UAYER, W. If.
MOUNT ZION ROYAL ARCH CHAPTER, No. 16, meet*
on the second and fourth Monday night* in each
month. L. J. GLENN, II. P.
. V. U. IUmuuTSa, Secretary.
MASTERS, No. 18, meet*quarterly, on the
day In Jauuary, April, July and October.
LEWIS LAWS11K, Tm. III.
Jokk M. Bobiko, Recorder.
CtEUR DE LION COMMANDKIIY, No. 4, meet* op the
first and third Wednesday In etch month.
W. W. BOYD, M. A*.
W. T. Mkad, Recorder.
CENTRAL LODGE, No. 28, meet* every Tuesday night.
T. P. MARSH, N. G.
William Wilson, Secretary.
EMPIRE ENCAMPMENT, No. 12, meet* on the second
and fourth Wednesday night*.
WM II. IIAKNKS, Chief Pstrlarch,
W. WT. BOYD, High Prle*t.
T. P. Klkmimu, Scribe.
BANK OF FULTON—Alnbama Street.
K. W. HOLLAND, President.
A. AraTKLL, Cashier.
AGENCY CENTRAL RAILROAD A BANKING COM
FANV—Office on Alubatuu Street.
A. W. JONES, Agent.
AGENCY GEORGIA RAILROAD * BANKING COM
FANA’—Office on Whitehall Street near the Railroad.
WM. W. CLAYTON, Agent
▲TLANTA INSURANCE COMPANY—Office, next door
to Georgia Railroad Bank.
J. P. LOGAN, President
Friimo Baowx, Cashier.
ATLANTA FIRE DEPARTMENT.
WM. BAKNK8, Chief Engineer.
8. B. SIIKRWOOD, 1st A**i*tant.
R. P. MADDOX, 2d Assistant.
F. M. JOHNSTON, Secretary.
JOHN F. KZZARD, Treasurer.
ATLANTA FIRE COMPANY No. 1, meet* first Monday
In each month. J. U. MECA8LIN, President
W. K. Mi.noR, Secretary,
GOVERNMENT OF GEORGIA.
Jon* B. Camfbki.l, )
H. H. Wattkbi*, VSecretarle*.
11. J. G. Williams, )
E. P. Watkins, Secretary of State.
Join Jonkh, Treasurer.
rsTinaoN Thwbatt, Comptroller General.
A. J. Boouxsa^Surveyor Ueneral.
Tiikoboeb L. Gcbrrt, President of Senate.
K. II. Wrn, Secretary of Senate.
Ciiarlks G. Talbird, Assistant
W. A. Williams, Book Keeper.
Chas. W. Lank, Chaplain.
Dr. R. U. Cask, Physician.
Dlt T. Greek, Superintendent Lunatic Aaylum.
Dr. 8. O. Whttb, 1
I). G. Campbell, ^-Trustees.
Miller Grirvk, j
Jo*Rpn Hknrt Lumpkin, of Athens.
Richard H. Lyon, of Atlanta.
Charlks J. Jenkins, of Augusta.
Groksr N. Luster, of Marietta.
Charlks W. DvBosi, of Sparta.
1st District.—Brunswick, Eastern and Middle Judicial
-2d Monday In January and June, at
2d Ditrict.—Pat aula, Macon, Boulb-Western and Chat
tahoochee, Judicial Circuit*.
Tims op Session—4th Monday In January and 3d
Monday In June, at Macon
to District—Tallapoo*a, Flint, Coweta, Blue Ridge and
Ttwi or Session—4th Monday In March and 2d Mon
day In August, at Atlanta.
rw District.—Ocmutgce and Southern Circuit*.
Timr op Sessions—2d Monday In May and November,
Ortilli A. Bull, LaGrange, Judge.
N. J. Hammord, Atlanta Solicitor General.
Oeutie*. Time of Session.
Clayton—1st Monday in May and November.
DeKalb—4th Monday In April and October.
Fayette—2nd Monday In March and September.
Fulton—lit Monday In April and October.
D. F. Hammond, Newnan, Judge.
M. Kendrick, Cedar Towiv— Solicitor General.
Oouatie*. Time of Sessions.
Campbell—2d Monday In February and August.
Haralson—8d Monday In April and October.
Paulding—4th Monday In February and August.
Polk—3d Monday In February aud August.
We. Phillips, Marietta . Solicitor General.
Counties. Time of Sessions.
Cherokes—1*1 Monday In March aud September.
Onbb-Sd Monday In March and September.
Dawson—2d Monday In February and August.
Fsnnln—2d Monday in May and October.
Forsyth—Sd Monday In February and August.
Gilmer—let Monday in M«y Bad October.
Lumpkin-4th Monday In January and July.
Milton—1st Monday to June and November.
Picket!*-2d Monday In March and September.
Towns—4th Monday i,«., and Octobei.
Union—8d Monday In May and October.
Catoosa—2d Monday in May and November.
Dads—4U Monday In May and November.
Gordon—1st Monday In April and October.
Murray—8d Monday in April and October.
Walker—Monday before first Monday In March nod
tSZU-4* Master Is April tm* Oritew.
Mayor—JaRKD IRWIN WIJ1TAKRR.
Ward I—Felix Haidwan, F.O. House.
Ward II—William Watkins, J. it. Crew.
Ward III—4. B. Love, Robert Crawford.
Ward IV—J. II. Mecaslln, James Lynch.
Ward V—8. B. Robson, Thomas Kile.
Committee on Finance—Councllmen Robson, Crew,
Committee on Ordinance*—Councllmen Watkins, Me-
Committee on Streets—Councllmen Crew, Robson,
Committee on Well*, Pumps and Cisterns—Councll-
meu Lynch, Kile, House.
Committee on Lainns and Gas—Councllmen Kile, Me-
caslin, Crawford. SSTX$
Committee on Market—Co.incllmen llardman, Love,
Committee on fire Department—Councllmen Mecas-
lln, Robson, Watkins.
Committee on Police—Councllmen Love, House,
Committee on Cemetery—Councllmen Hardman, Wat
Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds—Coun-
cilnien House, Crew, Mecaslln.
Committee on Tax—Councllmen Watkins, Crawford,
Committee on Relief—Councllmen Crawford, Mecas
lln, House, Waikina, Kile.
Clerk of Council, Tax Receiver and Collector—II. C.
Treasurer—K. J. Roach.
Chief Marshal—Thomas B. Boggus.
Deputy Maralial—Duke H. Braunon.
1st Lieutenant Police—II. N. Williford.
2d Lieutenant Police—J. M. Letter.
City Surveyor—N. L. Currier.
Clerk Market-J. D. Wells.
City Sexton—G. A. Pilgrim.
Superintendent Streets—II. W. McDaniel.
BOARD or HEALTU. *
Dr. II. W. BROWN, Chairman,
G. B. naygood, Esq., Dr. D. C. O'Keefe,
Dr. J. G. Westmoreland, Dr. T. 8. Powell.
JUSTICES IKPXRIOB CRUET.
Z. A. Rice, Clark Howell,
William Watkins, J. N. Simmons,
K. M. Taliaferro.
Sheriff—C. C. Green—Deputy, 8. B. Love.
Clerk Superior Court—B. F. Bom*
Treasurer—J. R. Wallace.
Tax Collector—A. J. Collier.
Tax Receiver—William Center.
Coroner—A. R. White.
Surveyor—Thomas A. Kenedy.
Atlanta—Thomas L. Thoi
THE ARMY OF GEORGIA.
Colonel—Wm. J. Hardee, U. 8. A.
I.ieut. Col.—Chab. J. Williams, of Muscogee co.
1. L. B. McLaws, U. 8. A.
2. Edward R. Harden, Whitfield county.
1. Wm. D. Smith, U. 8. A Company A
2. Wm. J. McGill, G. M. I “... B
8. Wm. Martin, of Lumpkin county *• C
4. Wm. G. Gill, U.8. A , “....D
6. Jacob Read, U. 8. A “....E
6. John G. Patton, of Bibb county **....F
7. Georgs II. Thompson, of Fultou county “...,G
8. Francis T. Cullen*, of Clay county "... .II
9. Alexander M. Wallace, of Fulton county....“ I
10. 8. P. Hamilton, of Chatham county " J
1. Arthur Shaaf, U. 8. A Company E
2. St. Clair Dearlng, U. 8. A “ B
8. A. F. Cone, U. 8. A “ G
4. Thomas J. Berry, U. 8. A “... .D
5. A, A. F. Hill, of Clarke county " A
6. W. W. Kirkland, late Marine Corps “ F
7. John Milledge, Jr., of Richmond county ... “... .C
8. T. 8. McIntosh, of Chatham county . .11
». John M. Branch, of Chatham county “ I
10. Tomlinson Fort, of Baldwin county ".... J
11. Bedney F. McDonald, appointed by the Colonel
Quartermaster 1st Regiment, Company J.
1. Thomas A. Mattox, of Chatham Company A
2. Garnett Andrews, Jr.,of Wilkes “ ...B
8. John F. King, of Glynn "....0
A George P. Harrison, Jr., of Chatham "... .D
6. P. M. B. Young, W. P. C., of Cass *4....K
«. E. 8. Willis, W. P. C., Chatham “ J
7. J. G. Blount, W. P. C., Talbot “.... P
8. J. Alexnnder, W. P. C., Fulton ..G
9. John McPherson Berrien, Chatham "....II
10. Michael Cass *— I
11. Joseph A Blsnce, Polk “ I
Colonel—Wm. W. T. Walker, U.IA
Lieutenant-Colonel—E. W. Chastain, of Fannin.
1. Wm. M. Gardiner, U. 8. A.
2. Alfred Camming, U. 8. A.
1. James McIntosh, U. 8. A. Company A
2. Thomas McCsnnel, of Liberty " B
8. Alfred Iverson, Jr., C. 8. A " C
4. John D. Walker, of Scrlven " — D
Ik John R. F. Tatnall, U. & A .. -K
I LA. Wayne, of Chatham **... -F
7. John 8. Fain, of Union "....Q
8. Miller Grieve, Jr., of Baldwin " — H
9. Lewis U. Kenan, of Baldwin " ... I
10. Abner Bmead, U. 8. A "— J
L John T. Mercer, U. 8. A Company A
2. Joseph P. Jones, U. 8. A "—C
8. A. B. Montgomery, U. 8. A ".... D
4. Robert n Anderson, U. 8. A ".... E
6. B. M. Thomas, U.8. A "... F
fi. Joseph Wheeler, U. 8. A "....G
7. Robt. A. Crawford, of Fulton " — H
8. II. D. D. Twiggs, of Richmond ** I
9. Henry Cleveland, of Richmond ".... J
10. A. P. Brown, of Forsyth "....B
11. G. Whitfield Anderson, of Fulton, ".... J
SECOND LIEUTENANT*. '
1. John Howard, Jr., of Muscogee Company A
2. P. L. Wade, of Screven, " — B
A K H. Dowdre, of Bibb, "....C
4. R. II. Atkinson, of Ilibb "... D
6. P. M. Myen, of Cobb. “ — E
A J. Barrow, W. P. C., ef Clark* 44 — F
7. John A. West, of Morgan 44 ... .0
A Lewi* DoLagle, of Richmond
A O. B. Lamar, Jr., of Richmond.
10. Robert F. Hunt, of Cobb.
11. Henry W. Tripp*, of Houston.
T HE Arm of Carroll A High ji this day dis
solved, by mutual content. Either of the
parlies ore authorised to settle the buaineM of
the late Arm. Tboee Indebted will please oall
and settle. 8- CARROLL,
Atlanta, Feb. 15, 1561. JOB. P. HIGH.
U. HUNTINGTON, M. U.,
OFFICE in Rawson’s new build
ing, corner Whitehall and Upnter Streest.—
Residence first bouse to the left of Col. Yau-
rbfkrenckr : Hon. R. F. Lyon, Mr. E E.
Rawson, Messrs. Beach A Root, Rev. Mr. Rog
ers, Dr. Logan, Atlanta; Rev. C. M. Irwin, I).
A. Vason, Esq., Col. Nelson Tift, Col. W. J.
Lawton, Henry Tarver, Albany. Jan 16.
DU. J. P. H. BROW N,
RU0CK88OR TO CAMPBELL S BRO.,
OFFICE over Massey A Lansdell's
Drug Store, Whitehall street, Atlanta,Georgia.
All operations pertaining to Dental Surgery
performed with tne greatest care twawlyjc®
E. J. Si R. W. GRAVEN,
1IAEE removed to their new
and splendid room in Farkkk’s
Block, opposite Beach A Roots, where they are
prepared to wait on all who may wish their
Ministers, who are pastors charged half-
price. Calls from a distance attended o with
W. J. DICKEY,
SURGEON AND MECHANICAL
OFFICE—Up-staira, next door to Richard*!
Book Store. sep24twly:
ATLANTA INSURANCE L0MI'AM.
JOS. P. LOGAN, President.
PKRINO BROWN, Cashier.
L. P. GRANT, JOSEPH P. LOGAN,
THOMAS L. COOPER, JOHN W.^JUNCAN,
GEORGE G. HULL, JOS. D. LOCKHART.
D EPOSITS received and commercial paper
Collections received and remitted for at cur
rent rates of Exchange on day of payment.
Uncurrert money, Gold and Silver Coin,
bought and sold.
Loans and Notes negotiated.
Stocks, Bonds and Real Estate bought and
sold on commission.
J&r Prompt attention to correspondent*
FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE!
W E are Agents for the Augusta Insurance
Company, and the Insurance Company
of the Valley of Virginia.
Our rates of premium will compare with apv
of the Northern Companies. Wo trust our
citizens will patronizo Southern Institutions,
especially when they are strong, solvent and
prompt in redeeming all losses.
S. B. ROBSON A CO.
aprill7 Atlanta, Georgia.
FIRSTD00B WEST OF THE FULTON BANK
A great variety of
Covered in T1ROCATELT.E, REPS, VEL
VET. SHALLY, and HAIR-CLOTH. A
made in . workm.n-like manner, combining
Strength, Durability and Beauty!
Modelled after the stylo of LOUIS XIV,
and many of tho Oriental fityles adapted to
American taste. Also tuay be found
Ladies’ Parlor Chairs,
Mostly of new Patterns, from
$5 to $30 each.
Of the latest and most fash
Of Rosewood, Mahogany,
Walnut and Imitation, from
$1.25 to $80.
Of every style, qi ,lity and
Cane, Rush, aud Wood-Seat CHAIRS, fo
Parlor, Dining, and Bed-Room, with a large
variety of Children’s Chairs; Rocking and
Nurse Chairs, with Cane, Rush, and Wood
WARDROBES, Wnsh-Stands, Hat-Racks,
Corner Stands; Side, Centre, and Parlor TA
BLES, Ladies’ Work Tables and Quartettes.
BEDSTEADS OF EVERY KIND.
FRENCH IN ROSEWOOD,
FRENCH IN MAHOGANY,
FRENCH IN WALNUT
ORIENTAL IN ROSEWOOD,
ORIENTAL IN MAHOGANY,
COTTAGE IN MAPLE AND
COMMON IN POPLAR & MAPLE.
Cottage Suites in a variety of stylet.
Hair, Moss and Cotton Mattresses made to
order. All kinds of common Mattresses usual
ly found in Furniture Storea kept on hand.—
Alao a full supply of Window Shades, new
Patterns, together with many other articles
common to this line of trade.
Particular attention paid to Repairing and
making to order. Looking Glass Plates kept
constantly on hand.
D. CHAFFEE, Agent.
Atlanta, Sept. If—d8m
Louisa L .8beau,
LIBEL FOR DIVORCE.
August Term, 1866.
John F. Sbean
r * appears to the Court that the Defendant
resides outside the limits of the State of
Georgia. It is ordered by the Court that service
upon said Defendant be perfected by publica
tion in terms cf the law.
D. F. HAMMOND, J. 8. a
Agents 17, 1880. nov.12 1 a mth f.3 m tha.
FIRE AND LIFE
T HE subscriber represents the following first
class Companies, some of which aro now
tho leading Comp» .ies in the country—all
having Cash Capitals and a largo surplus. The
Companies thus* designated divide seventy Jiv<
per ct. of the net earnings with the policy holders
HOME INSURANCE COMPANY, N. Y.
Capital aud Surplus, $1,45M,000
•CONTINENTAL IM8URANCE COMPANY,
Capital and Surplus, 81,000.000.
•8ECURITY INSURANCE COMPANY, N. Y.
Capital and Surplus $GOO,3H3.
CITIZEN INSURANCE COMPANY, N. Y.
Capital and Surplus, 8324,302.
NIAGARA INSURANCE COMPANY.
Capital aud Surplus, 8304.934.
SPRINGFIELD FIRE AND MARINE INSU
RANCE COMPANY, MASS.
Capital and Surplus, 84*4.000.
•MARKET INSURANCE COMPANY, N. Y.
Capital aud Surplus, 8300,000.
HUMBOLDT INSURANCE COMPANY, N. Y.
Capital and Surplus, 8233,000.
METROPOLITAN INSURANCE CO., N. Y.
Capital and Surplus, 8400,000.
NEW YORK LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY.
This Company offers security and advan
tages unsurpassed by any Life Insurance Com
pany in the country. It accomodates the in
surer in the payment of premiums, annually,
half yearly, or quarterly. Premiums on poli
cies for life, if over $50 per annum, sixty per
cent, vi only required. Annuities granted on the
most liberal terms.
All the above Companies court investigation
into their condition and system of doing busi
Office on Whitehall street, next door to T. R.
Ripley’s, opposite the "Intelligencer” office.
julyl2 SAMUEL SMITH.
CARVING IN WOOD.
rpilE subscriber respectfully announces to
X the citizens of Atlanta, that he is now
fully prepared to execute in the best manner,
every description of CARVING IN WOOD.
He will also give particular attention to the
fitting up of Stores, with Shelves, Counters, Ac.,
after any plan ; also, tho internal decoration
of public Halls, Churches, Ac.
Old Furniture of good auality will be
repaired at short notice in the best man nor.
THEO. MR0CZK0W8KI, a
Marietta street, opposite Gas Works,
ON III M l .11 HTKEUT,
Bktwkk.x McDonovh and Sutler Streets,
Near the City Hall.
T HE Subscriber bogs leave to inform his
friends, and the public generally, that he
ha* established, as above, a
Blacksmith and Wagon Shop,
and also a
where he is prepared to do all kinds of work
in his line. He solicits a share of patronage,
and will guarantee to give entiro satisfaction
to all that may eutrust him with their orders.
Orders promptly attended to.
• JAMES E. GULLATT.
JWHehh* on hand and for sale two DRAY8.
Cheap for Cash.
Atlanta, Jan. 30.
Rule to Perfect Service.
Stillman Hoisington T fjBEL FOR DIVORCE
Jm>. Houingtoa. J *" KuUon 8u P' Coort
MaryE. B.iws! LIBEL FOR DIVORCE
J in 8up.rior Curt.
I T appearing to the Court, by the letorns of
the Sheriff, that neither of the above defend
ants reside in this county, and it further ap
pearing, that neither of them resides in the
•tale, it is, on motion, ordered that each of
said defendants appear and answer, si the
next term of this Court, or that said case be
considered in default and that the Plaintiff in
each case be allowed U> proceed.
Thia 1st day of Ootober, 1880. Bjr the Court.
J. M. A W. L. Calhoun,
Attorneys pro Libelants.
A true extract from tha minutes of Fulton
Superior Court. Nov. Mth, 1868.
DANIEL PITTMAN, Dep. Clerk.
Not. 18. wlamfJm
Why the Word Slave is not Used In the
United States Constitution.
Mr. Millson, of Virginia, in the course of a
speech in Congress on the 21st of January
I have heard it said by members of the Re
publican party that the framers of the Consti
tution refused to use any terms that would
indicate a recognition of the right of proper
ty in man ; that they excluded the word Slave
or Slavery, from the Constitution, because of
their relutance to disclose the fact there was
any such personal relation Acknowledged or
established by the laws of any of our States.
Sir, such an argument does great injustice
to the framers of the Constitution. They were
moved by no such sentimentalism. It is a re
proach to them, to say that they were so in
tensely hypocritical that they were not asham
ed to do what they were ashamed to talk
about. It is an aspersion upon them to sup
pose that they were so intensely hypocritical
as to consent to the continuance of the Slave
trade for twenty years, with all its attendant
horrors and atrocities, and yet, like timid
maidens, to shrink from tho words “ Slave,”
and “ Slavery,” as recognizing property i«a
human being9. No, sir, they had strongor
and better reasons for the adoption of the lan
guage they put in the Constitution. They
knew—and the gentleman from Ohio, (Mr.
Corwin,) Las relieved me from much of the
discussion by the able and lucid manner in
which he has illustrated this subject to-day—
they knew the word Slave, or Slavery, was a
word of vague and indefinite signification,
having a variety of meanings.
Had they used tho word Slave, it would
have led to infinite cavil and dispute as to the
precise meaning intended. Some Abolition
ists might have argued that it did not apply to
Africans held to servitude under the laws of
Virginia and Maryland ; that a negro sorvant
escaping from his master, was not such a Slave
as the Constitution required to be delivered
up, because the master had not the power of
life and death over him, as under the Roman
law, which authorized the master to take tho
life of his Slave. They might have argued,
moreover, that the word Slavery, in the Con
stitution, was one, and to be taken in one
•ense alone, that is, that two different inter
pretations could not be given to it; and, there
fore, if the laws of domestic servitude in South
Carolina differed from those in Virginia, the
word Slavery might bo applied to one or the
other of them, but it could not be applied to
both, because you oould not give different in
terpretations to the same word. The framers
of the Constitution, then, sir, wisely substi
tuted a description for a word. They said
persons held to service or labor under the
laws of any State.” It embraced every kind
of servitude. It comprehends the servants of
Virginia, of North Carolina, of South Caroli
na, of Georgia, and of all tho States. It ex
cluded all cavil and all doubt. But they were
guilty of no such miserable hypocrisy as that
sometimes attributed to them—that they wero
uuwilling to introduce into the Constitution
any phrase which might imply that there could
bo property in mau.
To insist that they are persons, as well as
property, is to take the highest position on
which the South can rest her claims. To say
that they are property, and nothing but prop
erty, is not true in any sense of the word.—
It is not true in physics; it is not true in mor
als ; it is not true in religion ; it is not true in
politics. A slave is a mpn. He is a respon
sible man ; responsible to our laws, responsi
ble to God. He is a person ; a person held to
service ; and it is because he is a person that
the position of the South before this Congress
and in the Constitution is impregnable. I
nay it is beoause he is a person that gentlemon
of the Republican party are forbidden to pass
a law prohibiting his emigration into the Ter
ritories. As mero property you might set up
a plausible claim to exclude bitn. Ay, as
mere property there would be a color of argu
ment in favor of his exclusion ; but as a per
son, a person held to service, a man holding a
personal relation to another, a member of the
household, a part of the family, you have no
more right to exclude him from ttie privilego
of going into the Territories with his master
than you have to exclude a wife from going in
to the Territories with her husband. The
wife, too, by law, owes serviee and labor to
the husband. The relation existing between
husband and wife is the relation established
by the laws of the Stales ; and the gentleman
from Ohio cannot say that these are laws
which are looal, and do not extend beyond the
limits of the States where they were enacted ;
beoause the same argument would force him
to the conclusion that it is within the power of
Congress to exclude from a Territory a wife
bound to her husband under the laws of any
State, and that a husband cannot carry a wife
occupying that relation with him into the
Territories, because the law under which that
relation was established or rceognized does
not extend beyond the territory of the Stale in
which it was snaoted.
And permit me, sir, to sty that, If they
were property, and nothing but properly, they
would not be represented in Congrees; for
there ie no dteoriptlon of property represent
ed ia Congress as property—neither lande, nor
money, nor stocks, nor any other kind of prop
erty. If they were property, and nothing but
propertr, then we deprive ourselves or the
right of representation of three-fifths of their
whqle number, exoept upon the eondition that
an equal representation be given to property
of an equal tains ia tha ether States of the