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The Southron. (Milledgeville, Ga.) 1828-18??, February 23, 1828, Image 1

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1. MERTON COULTER b sfwr& BY GUIEU & JONES. CONDITIONS, lT T1IF, SOUTHRON Will be tmblii-LecI, freckly, cuJiy MATI'RD VY, From Jhntiary to Novnubur—• AdH ttvicr n wrvik, ovc-ry Wednesday and .Sliuarrlfty, the bnlancr 6f t!i«s yoor, nt TIIKEK DOLLARS per Annum, in advance, or FOL’ll DOLLARS the expirahon of the year. (CT ADVERTISEMENTS, &c. inserted at the ci tomury rates. (HT ALL COMMUNICATIONS to the Editors mi be post paid. PROSPECTUS. Of a new paper established in Milledgc- ville, Georgia, entitled THU SOUTHRON. ’paj'O apology is made lor the publicn- JlAI tion of another paper nt this place. An apology, it is verily believed, would not odd one Subscriber more to the list. The undersigned, therefore, will issue the paper nt their own risk, and leave it to its own in- trin lie merits, to acquire friends nnd sup port; not doubting that, in this enlighten ed uge, & with a people known nnd rlistin (pushed for the possession of an uente spir it of discrimination, the SOUTHRON .will either full or succeed as it proves worth less, or beneficial and useful, to the com mit uity. Tim undersigned will not make promis es which they cannot keep. They will not remain passive spectators of passing c- vents, in the present condition of the country. In order therefore, to place the SOUTHRON beyond the reach of disap pointed expectations, and injustice to the undersigned, as well as to those who may become subscribers, it is solemnly declared, ♦lint they will support to the best of their abilities:— 1. The Republican Party, and the Re publican Principles of the Jeffcrsoninn School, in their most extended meaning. 2. The Union of the States, ns indis pensable to the happiness and future wel fare of the States comprising this union. :i. The Federal Constitution, ns the most efficient and sacred bond which unites the States together. 4. The independence and sovereignty of the States, as the surest guarantee to the permanency of the Union. li. The system of general suffrage, nnd the system of election by general ticket. (>. Annual meetings of the legislature of the state, ami annual elections. 7. The election of Gen. Andrew Jack- son to the Presidency, Rut they will strenuously oppose— 1. A liberal construction of the Federal Constitution. 2. Any incronehment on the indepen- diinoo nnd snvnrriliuty of the states by the federal government. 3. The assumption by the constituted authorities of the country, whether federal or state, of any power not expressly dclc- eated by the constitution, or by u law emit- cating from a literal construction of that instrument. 4. The establishment of a large stand ing army in time of pence, nnd the expen diture of the public money for other than useful purposes. 5. Political ulliunces with foreign na tions. 0. Tiie appointment of judges for life, or for a longcrterm than three or four years. 7. The passage of any law tending to benefit one section of the country, to the detriment of another section. 8. All sectional prejudices. The undersigned have tlio’t proper to be thus explicit: lu these critical times, when the federal constitution is daringly violated; when the principal offices of the govern ment are in the hands of corrupt nnd de signing individuals; when the rights of the states are openly invaded ; when sectional prejudices are excited, in order to pro mote the views of the ambitious, and of the bankrupt in fume mid virtue; am! when public offices arc sought to gratify other views than the desire to serve the country; even 1 patriot should arm himself with the constitution and the laws, and oppose with the firmness of a free man, the efforts made to change the public institutions of the country, and the further progress nt influ ence and power, of a dangerous set of po liticians, who aim at the consolidation of the States, and at the destruction of the re publican form of the government: Oppo sition then, becomes a virtue, and is loudly called for, otherwise desolation and ruin will he the consequence. Respecting the particular community which they live, the undersigned will fol low the same course. They will act in dependently, and support such policy and such measures only as will coincide with the general principles they have laid down for their guide; and no man, whatever may he his talents, title to eminence among his fellow citizens, or his past services, will receive their support, if n criminal nmbi tion and sinister motives guide him ; if the acquisition of wenlth and power lie. his ruling passion ; if he he in heart nnd soul an enemy to liberty and equality among men; or if he he a friend to the politieal principles maintained by the present ad ministration of the federal government, and especially, to a liberal construction ot the federal constitution. The undersign ed, in short, will heartily support only such men as they believe will, by the policy they will adopt, and the measures they will pur sue, promote the best interests of the state of Georgia. AVith these declarations, the undersign ed present themselves bef re the public. It will he for that public to decide whether the SOUTHRON is to succeed, or to fail. VIIII.IP 0. GUIEU. JOHN A. JONES. February 10, 1S2S. BATTLE OF ORLEANS. VISIT OF GFi\£JiAL JICKSOX. Letter from Mr. Oners, of NcwJorsey, to a Member of Congress, dated '’, Jan. 0th. 1S3S. Dear Sir—The eighth is past—and, thank God. without a single drawback.— Every thing has been conducted in the be.-t possible style, and not a single event has occurred to afford the enemy the slightest cause for cavil. There has nev er been Qny thing here to lie compared with the ceremonies of yesterday. The General with his suite, was attended to the battle ground in the morning, by six teen steamboats, all splendidly decorated, and literally covered by thousands of the most respectable inhabitants anil stran gers, male ami female. He was there re ceived by his companions in arms, and after n short ceremony, re-conducted to the city; mid a grander escort never was yet given to human being. Nothing can lie imagined more grand nnd imposing than the sight of such a fleet, so proudly ascending the Mississippi, and' hearing such a freightage, while the shores were lined with thousands rending the skies with their shouts of praise to the saviour of their country. He was received by the Legislature, conducted to the church, wlierea grand tc Ileum whs said, (or sung,) and thence to the handsomest dinner I have ever seen in any country on any oc casion ; about six hundred sat down, and more enthusiasm and hearty good will was never displayed. At his' right hand sat the venerable Fere Antoine, than whom a better man never existed, and in whom the General 1ms a zealous and ef ficient friend. Around him were many of his former companions, and most of the respectable inhabitants of the city nnd State, as well ns strangers drawn from al most all parts of the Union. He rose early’ from the table, and proceeded to each of the theatres, where he was receiv ed w itli rapturous applause by overflow ing houses. “The ox was at rest,” was given in Caldwell's best style, and many points were vociferously applauded. I have no time to giic you further par ticulars nt present; but at its termination will let you know the result of ln3 visit.— Tn the meantime be assured that the State will undoubtedly he with us. Sincerely yours, FRA. B. OGDEN. ADDRESS Of Col, Orpines, one of his Aids, during the invasion. GF.NT.n.u.—1 have been deputed by the citizens of New-Orleuns, and your old companions in arms, to receive you on this spot, consecrated to the honor imd glory of your country, and in their name to testify to you their feelings on the oc casion which lias again brought us to- tlicr. To do this, no language nt my com mand is adequate. Rut you, sir, will be able fully to appreciate them, when I de clare our solemn conviction that to your conduct on the memorable day whose an niversary we now celebrate, we are indebt ed for our homes, our liberties, our till.— Accept, then, sir, every sentiment of grat itude which a devoted and patriotic people can feel towards him, who has preserved to them the inestimable blessings of our constitution, mid the sacred institutions of our country; and our fervent prayers, that your deeds may meet with their just re ward from the present generation, and that their remembrances may extend to our latest posterity. The General replied, as follows: 8m—Thirteen years have revolved, since, fellow-citizens, and fellows in arms, w e met on these plains. Our country was then shuke.i by the storms of war, and wc had repaired hither to resist its rudest shock. This lovely land, rich in its pre sent aspect, nnd far richer in its future destinies—the pride of western commerce, and the key of western independence, was insulted by invasion, nnd threatened bv conquest. An army strong in renown and powerful in numbers, haughty troni suc cess and eager for spoil, came from amidst distant seas to pour its pride, nnd fury upon Louisiana. This formidable toe wc met —and though inferior in number and dis cipline, though not furnished with the regular menus of defence, though hastily assembled from various States, wc were determined to live or to die free. We acted with concert—wc fought with confi dence, and we conquered. The justice of our cause gave us courage, and tTic fa- vor of Heaven granted us victory ; and requited our days of toil, nnd nights of watching, with the glory of giving delive rance to our country and security to our fellow-citizens. In common with them wc have since enjoyed the fruits ol peace, and pursuing the various callings ot life, have been dispersed over different region Rut though separated by time and space, the bond of fraternity cemented on this field, bus not licon weakened. Our coun trymen hallowed it with their gratitud With what pleasure do I embrace you again ! In what language shall l oxpresi my emotions! Must l not regard this as se'nibly of my martial brothers as a pecu liar mark of the goodness of Providence 1 Shall I not esteem this concourse of my fellow-citizens, collected from distant qunr- I tors of the Union, ns evidence that the I nation accepts it ns worthy of commemo ration, nnd rejoices in bestowing its hon- [ or* on those who shared its dangers t— 1 What greater good than this, within tlio sphere of human events, can fall f<j (he It lot of man? AVlmt higher incentiveto tiu’ discharge of )ua duty us a citizen and sol dier? And whnt an inspiring theme does it afford for our supplications to that God, in the hollow of whose hand is the fate of man iind the destiny of nations 1 These considerations prepare me to receive the cordial welcome with which I am lionor- MILLEDGEVILLE, GEORGIA,[SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1«28. Mtii VOL. I NO. 2. ground, the Hero of this gfeat knry. W« come, too, like the Greeks of dlT, when they visited the field of Marathon, t/J honor the warriors whom file forbade to join in the triumph they purchased at the price of their lives. Rut why doT detain you thus long, even »n this field of your fame? while these veteran soldiers press the hand of their ed, and in behalf of the valiant inen, to (Chief; a whole city waits the return of the whose perseverance and undaunted spirit vessel which Wars the Guest of Louisiana^ I owed my success, T receive it with pride j The Legislators of our oountry have nnd joy. I thank you, sir, for the kind ns-1 suspended they deliberations; the multi- have it in their power to select the Chief suraiicc of the regard of my zens. My conduct in attending you* citv has been misunderstood by some, and mis represented by others ; lint this day’s testi mony in its favor repays mo for injury and injustice, and is far more valuable than any gratification, which the pridt of power or the pomp of office can confei— Most ot' you were witnesses of the scene ill which 1 Was engaged, und know the measures which I adopted to destroy the proud foe, and protect this fair city.— From the part yort acted, and the relations you sustained, you arc competent to weigh tiie circumstances by which I was surrounded, and to estimate the motives by which I was governed. Your appro bation, therefore, gives me consolation, und satisfies me that the course which I pursued was required by the interest and honor of tiie country. In that perilous crisis I thought it my duty to obey, in fa vor of my country, the great law of neces sity, the great principle of self defence— to sacrifice the shadow for the substance, and to save the constitution, by suspend ing, within the compass of sentinels, the impeding action of certain legal forms.— This step I took, neither without reflec tion, nor without advice, nor without ex ample. And when T review it, my mind adheres to the judgment which I then formed. Your approbation, I repeat, con firms this opinion. It will, I believe, sig nalized as it is, by this public solemnity, have a higher effect. It will exhibit io posterity n salutary example of patriotism and justice, and tints be instrumental in securing our country from future dangers. Like tiie glory of that bright day which saw ns rise into national existence, it may blaze oil the altars of Liberty, and re kindle from age to age, the sacred love of freemen for their country. tude cover thelbanks of this great river ; the temples arc-opened ; die incense burns, asoending to Ileaven, together with the blessings of a grateful people. Go, hap py conqueror ! tlo! and hear the voice of mothers grectiijg the Hero, who brought them back their sons—Go ! and hear the cheerings of the wives and daughters, from whom you averted the insults of a lawless soldiery. Go! nnd meet the kind, the rapturous welcome of the new genera tion—the children born since 1815, the future men of Louisiana, await niso the delivtrer of their fathers, the Chieftain who dread the hirocs of ancient day Towhich the General thus replied : Mdgistrale from that revered hand of pat riots to whose heroism and sacrifices they are indebted for the inestimable privilege of choosing for thcinselvc3 their own ru lers* Because, in the discharge of the nume rous and highly important civil trusts to which you have been called, from a very early period of our national existence al- ] most to the present day, you have inva riably evinced talents, prudence and integ rity, alike honorable to yourself and con ducive to the public welfare. Because, by declining or resigning the various civil and military offices conferred upon you, whenever in your judgment the public interest did not imperiously de mand your services, you have uniformly manifested a spirit of disinterested and magnanimous patriotism; and proved your devotion to the great Republican principle, that offices were created for the public welfare, and not for the gratification of individual interest or ambition. Because, your official conduct has ever is the channel of sovereignty, thro’ which been marked by submission to the Laws lives in history the equal of | and Constitution of your country, except in one instance, when the very existence of these laws and that Constitution was in jeopardy, and you did not then hesitate Sin;—Your language and imagination to offer yourself a victim for the general attesttlie fervor of the clime you inhabit, and d) justice to the generous people you rcpfeicnt. They do justice also to mv bravo associates, who enriched the field befon us with glory, and filled it with recollections which so powerfully excite your enthusiasm, and arc regarded with welfare, by taking upon yourself a re spoil sibility indispensably necessary for the public safety, hut which none hut those whose whole hearts are devoted to the cause of liberty and their country, would have hud the generous courage to assume. Finally, sir, the Republicans of New Illiberal interest by your State. While York look upon you as eminently quali- I rqjoice with you in the prosperity of Lou- fi^ for the high trust ot the Chief isiana, which smiles on the banks, and Magistracy,'because their observation of floats on the current of its majestic river, l your long and dignified public life has I take pleasure in reflecting that it is the convinced them that you cherish, with un just reward of the valor and patriotism she diminished ardour, your attachment to displayed under a pressure of danger, those pure, wise, moderate and republican their renovating influence is conveyed to every department of the government, and the weak points in the system detected & fortified, so as to contribute to the defence of liberty. That you should consider my humble example, as in any degree illnstrn- ting the value of this principle, is an honor which X shul! ever prize. This medal, commemorating the com pletion of the Erie Canal, and the resolu tion refering to it, arc rccieved with feelings of peculiar satisfaction. A work display- ie? in such an eminent degree the resour ces of your state, gives to the councils from which it emanated, and by which it was prosecuted, a claim to lastingrecollec- tioa. It presents to her sister States a model of iniproienient worthy of their im itation and deserves to be celebrated by the fine arts. The kind manner, gcntlkmcn, Jn which you have performed the duties confided to you on this Decision, baa impressed mo with the most lively sentiments of affection and regard; of which 1 beg of you to be as sured, with the offer of my sincere pravers that you may be safely restored to the bo soms of your family and friends. —«=i©!0|®!©j4jjj£:j#(®l«ieie»— From the Boston Patriot. Slave Tradf..—In a British publica tion we have recently met with the follow ing historical facts, connected with the ori gin nnd progress of the slave trude, so far ns Great Britain has been concerned in it. The facts are given on the authority of a pamphlet, entitled “ Considerations on tbc Abolition of Negro Slavery,” from which they were collated to show that whenever Great Britain determined upon a general emancipation of the slaves in her colonu s, she would be liable to the debt that must he paid for the accomplishment of that ob ject—From the statement, as made, it ap pears that the oditim of the inhuman truf- wbiek valor nnd patriotism could alone principles of government which every j r ; c rests not go milc j, on t | ie owners of have supported. ' j day’s experience renders more dear to the In this assembly, I sec many of her whole American people, bv some practi- sons, whose swords' opposed a rampart to j cal confirmation of their excellence and the powerful foe, and whose lives were j virtue. preserved in honor, because they were of- | Of those wise and beneficent princi- feredn sacrifice to glorv. You, sir, are P^s, you are "° w the chosen champion : one of this ohivalric band ; and doubtless, I ui their cause a great contest is now going when you witnesi with those emot compares to the nine band ; and doubtless, i 111 tfltn cause agieui coratsi is now going ss this scene, you are filled j on in your name, and, as wc trust, under otions, which vour fanev the guidance of Providence, feelings of the soldiers of Fortunate man—Upon this glorious I salute you, fellow-citizens, nnd cm- I Mdtiades, when they re-visited tlic field of field, thirteen years ago, it was your happy brace you mv brothers in arms, with prayers to Heaven for your individuu happiness, and for our country’s glory. then their victory. Here I rejoice to meet you, l lot - ns die lender of a gallant army, to and to mingle my exultation with yours, ] rescue one ot the richest and fairest por- in'the prosperity and glory of our common dons of the Union from a foreign foe, country. " | an d t0 identity your name for ever with The New-York delegates, composed of [ die military renown of the nation. Messrs. J. H. Hamilton, Saul Alley, and i Here, again, wejliail you in another and General Jackson, who was addressed by Fhiet of a great aim gratetul nation, call- Mr. Hamilton, the chairman of the dele- ' from your retirement by the voice of 'rates, as follows : die people to renovate their government : ° Str.—We have been deputed by the Re- l| i either character your principles are publicans of the city and county of New- those ot Liberty and A irtue—their truits Yort, “to hear to you their congratula- the honor of your country und the lusting tions on the return of the anniversary of, happiness of her sons, the battle of New-Orleuns, und to assure! Towhich General Jackson made the you. in their name, “ of the deep and following reply: gratfful sense they entertain of t our nia- ■ Gentlemf-n—The congratulations of ny and grateful public services, and espe- ' my fellow citizens of the citv of New Fork chilly of your defence of New-Orleans ; ! presented here, and on the return of this a deftnee “which in their judgment stands day, accompanied with such unqualified uuriiFilled in the annals of war, and will assurances of their confidence and favor, adon one of the proudest pages in the Ins- j fill me with no ordinary emotions. Setisi- tofy of our Republic.” We are further | ble only of having discharged the dutiesal- instrictcd to sav, “that they regard you as , lotted to me, as a citizen of our common among the most distinguished and virtu- country, with an honest zeal to preserve ojsof their fellow-citizens ; that they re- land advance its prosperity, I was not pre- ntsmber withundimiuished gratitude your|paied for the flattering distinctions which long and faithful services ; and that they ] you have confered on mv exertions. I unite with their republican fellow-citizens receive it as an evidence of the liberality throughout the Union, in the intention of j and kindness of those who have autlidrized brother soldiers. It Was agreat, and hap- j marking their approbation of your public [you to express it, and who, because provi- py thought of the Legislature of our conduct, by conferring upon you the high- i deuce assigned me mi instrumentality in country, to invite the conqueror of the est office in the gift of the people.” S in the glorious struggle of the Republe, 8th of January, to the field of his glory, | We have the honor to present to you, are pleased to number me amongst its ben- tlicre to gladden liis eyes by the cheering I General, in the name of the Corporation ofactors. I am more than compensated spectacle of a nation’s gratitude; to offer of the city of New-York, this medal, (for my services, gentlemen, in being allow - to his sight, after thirteen years had claps- struck in commemoration of the coniplc-! ed to accept the tokens you present, of od, crowned with the choicest gifts of iia- j tioq of the Erie Canal, with a copy of Mr. the approbation of so numerous and pat- ture, enriched bv the tributes of com- CoUen’s memoir on the Canals of thcjriotic a portion of my fellow citizen Mr. Davezac, also one of his aids addressed him us follows : (■EKrr 1 .Innsavr Iu.i-.1U., Iced, if I could express the deep feelings which crowd on my mind, when, after viewing the surrounding scene, I cast my eves on him whom 1 now address. This ground, made holy by deeds of eternal renown, this plain, where patriotism and valor triumphed over numbers and dis cipline. AVIiat nobler subject can be of fered to the meditation of philosophy ! AV'bat nobler theme can excite the genius of nn inspired orutor! But, when to these are now superadded the shouts of an enthusiastic multitude, the roar of artille ry, and the magnificent spectacle of so many floating palaces, displaying to the winds, ns they glide along, the striped banners on which shine so bright the aus picious stars, the happy emblems of new born republics ; l may he allowed to hope, that the inspiration of the scene may sup ply the talent which ought to have been possessed by him, on whom devolves the task cf expressing the gratitude of hi mereo, of industry, and of the arts, Lou isiana, whom lie had beheld in the days of her mourning, in the hour of her ca lamity. ■ Prosperity, (and we call oil you, Gene ral, to witness it,) does not harden the hearts of Freemen, for it is in the midst of all the felicity, which Providence can bestow on a favored people, that Louis ianians delight to look hack to an epoch, marked by dread portents ami actual pe rils ; mid it is at the very moment when they feel most intensely their present hap piness, that they recall the remembrance of the day when you appeared among them for the first time. You found them, (they never will he found otherwise!) rea dy to pour out their heart's blood in de fence of their country ; but they bad been waiting for a chief, for one firm of pur pose, capable of breasting the approach ing tempest. They were uv. arc, that in such ii crisis, unity of command was their only safety, and that you alone could col lect tin! scattered reeds, bind them togeth er, and give them, thus united, a force that would defy all hostile efforts. You called on the brave, wherever born ! and you uttered the sacred words, Honor) Country ! All hearts vibrated nt the sound—wliat once was rivalry, became emulation what bad been envy, was changed into a noble jealousy of fame. Various lan guages were spoken at these memorabli lines ; hut, in every tongue the valiant vowed to conquer or to die. You had in spired all your warriors with your own presaging hopes. AVe have come this day to salute, at the vesy instant when he treads again till tite of New-York. | This is the highest reward to which acit- Rnviiig thus discharged the special 1 izen can aspire under our government, trust confided to us, permit us, Sir, to add, j where by the spirit of its constitution, tiie for ourselves individually, the expressions ; people control its operations, and are de- of ,iur heartfelt concurrence with (lie sen- | qoted to its service. I pray you, therefore, tinj.-nts which it has been made our duty 1 foassureyourcoiistitucntsofthe highgrati- to express to you in our character of Dele- jficatiou your salutation has afforded me & ntfes. J that I shall ever retain a greatful recolloc- .ilthmtgli we have no authority to speak I tion of this signal mark of their regard, for the great body of Republicans through- It is true gentlemen, that this fair por- itit our State, save what may be derived! tion of the West, was rescued from tiie from community of iuterests, common j grasp of a foreign foe, by the assumption principles, ami common sympathies, we'of power, on my part, at variance withthe believe we hazard nothing in expressing regular operation of our sacred constitution our decided conviction, that their opinions,; and laws; and you have done justice to the feelings, nnd withes are in perfect accord- necessity which dictated it. Acting upon mice with those of their brethren of the 1 the principle, that the safety of the people citv. '' s the supreme law, and that it was better Allow us further to add, Sir, in that: they should attempt a glorious deliverance pirit of Frankness which should ever from the dangers which threatened them, characterise the intercourse between free- , by a suspension of tbeir invaluable rights, men nnd those tkcv delight to honor, that than contend for their shadows amidst the highly as the republicans of New-York, arms of the enemy, and thereby sacrifice in"coinmon withtheir fellow-citizens, esti-1 the substance for ever. I shrunk not from mate your military services, and vast as | the responsibility which the crisis devolved they deem the debt of gratitude which your country owes you, they would not, in our opinion, consider these, taken by themselves, as alone constituting a suffi cient claim to that distinguished confi dence which it is their pride to repose in y»n. Their motives for a course which we beUsire they have deliberately marked out (otthemseives, nnd which they will pur suit with unshaken confidence, are of u biaicr character. Alloy advocate your election to the Pre sidency—because, in your person is fur nished the last a ml only appropriate in- on me. Had I done otherwise, I should have thought myself a traitor to my coun try. I receive with gratitude, the high esti mate, which, as individuals, you, gentle men, are pleased to give to my official con duet. That our government was constitu ted for the happiness oftlie people, and that its officers arc the instruments of their will, and created for their welfare, are maxims which I learned from the fathers of our rev olution’ I am now too old to depart from them. They spring from the same source with the great principle of rotation in office, a principle which cannot be too solemnly stance m which the American people will impressed upon the American people. It laves, or the colonies, as upon the moths er country. Without further remark we append the facts as we find them: Great Britain established the Slave Trade in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, who personally took a share in it. The colonies did not then exist. Great Britain encouraged this trade m the successive reiens of Charles I, Charles II, and James. II, by every means dint could be devised. But it was AVilliam III, who outdid them all. With Lord Somers for his minister, he declared the Slave Trade to lie “highly beneficial to the na tion.’ 1 By the Assitnto Treaty, in 1713, with which the Colonies had nothing to do, Great Britain binds herself to supply UOMei -U™ ; — -U- —-iX .£.4per annum, to the Spanish Colonies. The Colonies, all this time took no share in it the in si Ives, merely purchasing what the British Merchants brought them, and doing therein wliat the British Gov ernment invited them tb do by every means in their power. So much with regard to the establish ment and fostering of the slave trade. The statement which follows, made on the same authority, goes to show that this trade was first marked With disapproba tion by the colonies, and was tlius de fended by the mother country. In 17(i0, South Carolina passed an act to proliibit the further importation of ^Javes into that colony. Great Britain rejected this act with in- lignation, mid declared that the Slave Trade was beneficial and necessary to the mother country. The Governor who pas sed it. whs reprimanded, and a circular Was sent to ail other Governors, warning them against a similar offence. Tile Colonies, however, in 1765, re peated tiie offence, and a bill was twice read in the the assembly of Jamaica, for the same purpose of limiting the importa tion of slaves; when Great Britain stopped it, through the Governor of that island, who sent for the Assembly, and told them that, consistent ly w ith In, instructions, he could not give his consent, upou which the bill was drop ped. The Colonies, in 1774, tried once more, and the Assembly of Jamaica actually passed two bills to restrict the trade; but Great Britain again resisted the restric tion.—Bristol and Liverpool petitioned n- gainst it. The matterwas referred to the Board of Trade, and that Board reported against it. The Colonies by the assent of Jamaica, remonstrated against that report, und pleaded against it on all the grounds of justice and humanity ; but Geat Britain, hv the mouth of the Earl of Dartmouth, then President of the Board, answered by the following decla ration :—“ AVe cannot allow tile Colonies to check or discourage, in any degree, u traffic so beneficial to the nation." And this was in 1774. An exhibition has lately been opened in Paris, which is said to lim e occupied the entor fifteen years in bringing itto ma turity. It is called the Geornina, or view of the earth. Ascending through the in ferior pole of a colossal transparent globe, one hundred and thirty feet in circumfer* lice, the spectator, placed at the avis, contemplates, on the concave side of this spacious sphere, the uninterrupted repre sentation of the surface of our terraqueous planet. A irnin of successful events has some times a greater share in making a man rich than liis own ingenuity and diligence, which seems to be acknowledged b • the world, since a man’s estate is called his fortune, not his merit.