The Southern museum. (Macon, Ga.) 1848-1850, September 15, 1849, Image 1

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mi: Will be published erery SATURDAY Morning, In the Brick Building, at the Corner of’ Cotton Arenuc and First Street, IV THE -CITY OF MACON, GA. ley wji. b. HABiiisoy, "™2^Tj^W^ =aHssa!sHH= For tue Paper, in advance, per annum, !§i2. if not paid in advance, $2 50, per annum. If not paid until the end of the Year .$3 00. ID” Advertisements will be inserted at the usual Fites —and when the number of insertions de sired is not specified, they will be continued un til forbid and charged accordingly. ST Advertisers by the Year will be contracted with upon the most favorable terms. O’Sales of Land by Administrators, Executors or Guardians, are required by Law, to be held on the first Tuesday in the month, between the hours of ten o’clock in the Forenoon and three in the Af ternoon, at the Court House of the county in which the Property is situate. Notice ofthese Sales must be given in a public gazette sixtv days previous to the day of sale. O’ Sales of Negroes by Administators, Execu tors or Guardians, must be at Public Auction on, the first Tuesday in the month, between thelegal hours of sale, before the Court House of the county where the Letters Testamentary, or Administration or Guardianship may have been granted, first giv ing notice thereoffor sixty days, in one ofthe pub lie gazettes of this State, and at the door of the •Court ll >use where such sales are to be held. O’Notice for the sale of Personal Property must •lie given in like manner forty days previous to the day of sale. j’.Votice to the Debtors and Creditors olan Es tate must be published for forty days. Votice thatapplication will be made to the Court of Ordinary for leave to sell Land or Ne groes must be published in a public gazette in this ?s t ate for four months, before any order absolute can be given by the Court. Lj’Ci r it ions tor Letters of Administration on an Estate, granted by the Court of Ordinary, must be published thirty days -for Letters of Dismis sion from the administration ofan Estate, monthly f>r six months— for Dismission from Guardian- 1 ship forty days. r}*RuLKS for the foreclosure of a Mortgage,; must be puolished monthly for four months — for establishing lost Papers, for the full space of three MONTHS — for compelling Titles from Ex ecutors, Administrators or others, where a Bond basbeen given by the deceased, the full space of THREE MONTHS. N. B. All Business of this kind shall receiv prompt attentionat tho SOUTHERN MUSEUM Office, and strict care will bo taken that all legal Advertisements arc published according to Law. O’•'II Letters directed to this Office or the Editor on business, must be post-paid, to in sure attention. “A LITTLE JlOitE GRAPE.” riVIE undersigned, true to his promise, again 1_ presents to tho Public more data on which they can safely base their calculations relative to the respective merits of the depleting system of ihc disciples of Esculapiiis, and of that invig orating and phlogestic one of which he is proud to be the advocate. Leaving the stilts of egotism and shafts of rid icule for the use of those who have nothing bet ter to stand on, and no other weapons for attack or defence, he selects his standing on truth, and uses such support only as merit gi\os him ; and for weapons, he chooses simply to assail the ranks of the enemy occasionally with “a little more grape,” in the form of facts,which are evi dently the hardest kind of arguments since they often administer to Ins quiet amusement by the terrible destruction they cause among the stilts and the ludicrous effect they produce in causing certain individuals to laugh, as it is expressed in homely phrase, “on t’other side tho mouth.” The Mexicans are not the only people, these days, whom vanity has blinded to their own de fects ; neither can they claim much superiority in the way of fancied eminence and blustering bravado over many that live a great deal nearer home. A-salutary lesson has latterly been giv en the former by the Americans, and the latter may ere long take “ another of the same ” ala mode de Tai/lor. After the following there will still ho “a few mute left.” Georgia, Jones County, 1848. This certifies that for more than four or five years my wife was afflicted with a disease pecu liar to her sox, and notwithstanding all that we could do, she still continued to get worse. The Physicians in attendance liau exhausted their skill without rendering her any assistance till, in 1844, when she was confined to her hed in a very lotv condition, I got her last attendant to go with me to Macon and lay her case before Dr. M. S. Thomson, who, without having seen her, prescribed and sunt her medicine that soon re lieved her, and in the course of a short time re stored her to permanent health She has now been well about four years and rejoices in the recovery of her long lost health FRANCIS B. 11ASCAL. Macon. June 22<1, 1843. On. M. S. Thomson— Dear Sir : —Deeming it o duty I owe to yourself as well as to the afflicted generally, I have concluded to give you a short statement of my case, which you are at liberty to publish if you think that the best mode of thereby subserving the interests of suffering humanity In .May 1841, after considerable exposure to cold, I was attacked witii Asthma, which pros trated me very much, and notwithstanding all that could bo done to prevent it, it continued to return about every two weeks till in 184(i, I ap plied to you. Between these had a very Severe cough, which led some of the physicians to whom I applied to believe that I had consump tion. 1 applied to physicians of both the Min eral and Botanic schools, of eminent general 'qualifications, but all to no benefit, for I contin ued to get worse,so much so that I had reducer 1 from being a strong, lleshy man, down to a mere skeleton and could hardly creep about.—When I applied to you, I hud hut little faith in being cured, though 1 had witnessed some wonderful results following your treatment, especially the cure of that crazy woman you bought of Aquil *a Phelps, in Jasper, yet they gave mo confi dence and by persevering in the use of your remedies, and as it were hoping against hope, am much gratified in being able to announce •that I have got entirely well, for I have hud but . ® ''gld attack in twenty months, and that was eight months ago. I have now regained about my former weight, and feel us strong as almost any man ofStty-onc, which is my age. Without isparagement to the charactcrofthc other cures mt have so frequently resulted from your prac ice, I do not think that any of them can heat us, for confirmed Asthma combined with a cough, especially where the flesh -wast°d, has long been classed among the in r'--u)les. Most respectfully,yours, H. LIGHTFOOT. nj t,n dersigned still continues to treat Chro the C ISCS f rom *' distance at his oflice,or either of thr Cll ,y * ,l)! *rding houses, and at a distance 'v!ii| l |' 1 l ' 1C lna '* °* by private hand. Tlioso at " nt require personal attention, are treated u, .!V ' ’^ :lrs per month, those who do, at the a moderato rates. Those who are able to "nr ,!X l' c, 't to do so, without variation from those* "I' 8 ’ n distinct bargain is made, Bre n,it » will be treated gratuitously. f rs must be past-paid, and add essod „ M. 8. THOMSON, M. D * Macon, Ga. THE SOUTHERN MUSEUM. VOLUME I. 33 C C t Y g . Tlic Beautiful. llow much there is that’s beautiful In this fair world of ours, The verdure of the early spring, The sweetly blooming flowers— The brook that dances in the light, The birds that carol free, Are objects beautiful and bright, That everywhere wesee. There’s beauty in the parly morn - When all is hushed and still, And at the lovely sunset hour, ’Tisspread o’er vale and hill; It lives within the gorgeous clouds That float along the skv, And oh ! how purely beautiful Our evening canopy. It dwells in quiet stillness where The glassy wafers glide, And wakes to awful grandeur ’neath The cataract’s foaming tide ; ’Tis throned in dark stern majesty, Where the tall mountain towers Oh ! there is beauty everywhere In this bright world of ours. The fairy spell that childhood wears, Its artlcssness and truth, The light that lives within the eye, And in the smile of youth ; The impress on the manly brow, Wrought with the shade of care, That tells of high and noble thought, llow beautiful they are ! And life—how much is shed around, To bless and cheer us here, When strength and energy are found, Its smaller ills to bear. Although a cloud may sometimes rise, A shadow sometimes rest Upon our earthly pathway, still ’Tis beautiful and blest. Progress of Milton's Blindness. It is now, I think, about ten years (1654) since I perceived my vision to grow weak and dull ; and at the same time I was troubled with pain in my kidneys and bow els accempaiued with flatulency. In the morning, if I began to read, as was tnv custom, my eyes instantly ached intensely but were refreshed after a corporeal ex ercise. The candle which 1 looked at seemed as if it were encircled by a rain bow. Not long after, the sight in the left part of the the left eye (which I lost some years before the other) became quite ob scure, rnd prevented me from discovering any object on that side. The sight in my other eye has now been gradually and sen sibly vanishing fi.r about three years. Some months before it bad entirely perish ed, though I stood motionless, every thing which I looked at seemed to be in motion to and fro. A stiff cloudy vapor seemed to have settled on my forehead and tem ples, which usually occasioned a sort of somnolent pressure on my eyes, and par ticularly from dinner to evening. So that I often recollected what is said in the po et Phineas, in the Argonautics : “A stupor deep Ills cloudy temples bound. And when lie waked lie seemed as whirling round, Or in a feeble trance he speechless lay.” I ought not to omit that, while l had any sight left, as soon as I lay down upon my bed, and turned on either side, a Hood of light used to gush from my eyelids. Then as my sight became more faint, this was emitted with a certain crackling sound ; but at present every species of illumina tion being as it were extinguished, there is diffused around me nothing but darkness mingled with ashy brown. Yet the dark nesss in which I am perpetually immersed, seems always, by night and by day, to ap proach nearer to a w hite than a black ; and when the eye is rolling in its socket, it admits a little particle of light, as through a chink. And though your physicians may kindle a small ray of hope, yet I make up my mind to the malady as quite incura ble ; and I often reflect that, as the wise man admonishes, days of darkness are des tined to each of us. The darkness which I experience, less oppressive than that of the tomb, is, owing to the singular good ness of the Deity, passed amid the pur suits of literature and the cheering saluta tions of friendship. But if, as it is written, man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God, why may notone acquiesce in die privation of his sight, w hen God has so amply furnished his mind and his con s isnce with eyes ?—— Milton's Prose Works . (GA.) SATUIIDAV MORSIXG, SEPTEMBER S .», I*lo. A Story of Our Times. A venerable Dutchman, after haviug occupied all the offices of one of the prin cipal cities of the republic, with great honor, and having amassed a great fortune in the most unexceptionable manner,final, ly formed Ihe resolution of going to ter minate his days at his country seat. But before retiring, he wished to take leave of his friends and connections, and life accor dingly invited them to'feast at his house. Ihe guests, who expected a sumptuous repast, were much surprised on going in to the eating-room, to see there a large oaken table, covered with a coarse blue cloth. On being seated, they were served on wooden plates, wiih salted herring, rye bread and butter, with some cheese and curdled milk. Wooden vaces filled with small-beer, were passed around for each of the guests to help themselves. This exticme oddity of the old gentleman caus ed secret murmuring among the company; hut, out of respect to his age and wealth, instead of showing discontent, they pre tended to relish their frugal fare ; and some of them even complimented him for the cordiality of those old times which he had brought to rememberance. The old man—who was not duped by this feigned satisfaction—did not wish to carry the joke any further—hut at a signal which he gave, some servants, habited as country women, entered, bringing the second ser vice. A white cloth succeeded the blue one, and some pewter plates replaces the wooden ones. Instead of rye bread, dried herrings, and cheese, they were served with good brown bread, fresh beef, boiled fish, and strong beer. At this unexpect ed change, the secret murmurs ceased ; the polite invitation of the old man became more pressing, and the guests ate with a better appetite. Hardly had they time to taste tlie second service, when they saw a butler enter, followed by half a do zen servants, in hrtliiant livery, bringing the third. A superb table of mohogany, covered with a beautiful flowered cloth, replaced the oaken one. A side board was imme diately covered with a sight of a profusion of rare and exquisite meats. The most delicious wines were freely passed around, while a melodious concei t was heard in the adjoiding room. Toasts were drank> and all were merry. But the good old man, perceiving that his presence hinder ed the guests from giving themselves to their full joy, rose and addressed them thus : —‘‘l give you thanks, ladies and gen tlemen, for the favor you granted me. It is time that I should retire, myself, and leave you to your liberty. But before the ball commences, which i have ordered to he prepared for those who love the dance, permit me to acquaint you with the de sign I proposed to myself in inviting you to a repast which has appeared so odd. I have wished thereby to give you an idea of our republic. Our ancestors rose to their high state, and acquired liberty, rich es, and power, by living in the frugal man ner which you saw in our first service. Our fathers preserved those great bless ings only by living in the simple manner of which the second service had reflected an image. If it is permitted to an old man who is about to leave you and who tenderly loves you, to speak, I must sav, I fear that the extravagant profusion which you might have remarked in the last ser vice, and which is the present style of liv ing, will deprive us of more than our an. cestors have acquired by the sweat of their brow, and our fathers have transmit ted to us by their industry and wise calcu lation.” Excellent Rules —Always take the part of an absent person who is censured in company, so far as truth and propriety will allow’. Never dispute if you can fairly avoid it. Never dispute with an old man more than seventy years of age, nor with a wo man, nor witii an enthusiast. Never affect to be witty, or to jest, so as to wound the feelings of another. Say as little as possible of thyself and those who are near tlise. Aim at cheerfulness without levity. Never court the favor of the rich, by flattering their vanity and their vices. Respect virtue, though clothed in rags. Speak with calmness and consideration on all occasions ; especially in circumstan ces which tend to irritate. Frequently review thy conduct and no'e thy failings. On all occasions to have in prospect the end of life, and a future state. To louus Women. BV MATHEW CAREY. Someone hath said, that “matrimony is with women the great business of life, whereas with men it is only an incident,” an important one, to he sure, hut only one among many to which their attention is di rected, and often kept entirely out of view during several years of their early life.— Now, this difference gives the other sex a great advantage over you ; and the best way to equalize your lot, and become as wise as they are, is to think as little about it as they do. The less your mind dwells upon lovers and matrimony, the more agreeable and profitable will be your intercourse with gentlemen. Jfyou regard men as intel lectual beings, who have access to certain sources of knowledge of which you are deprived, and seek to derive all the bene fit you can from their peculiar attainments and experience—if you talk to them as one ratioual being should with another, and never remind them that you are can didates for matrimony— you will enjoy far more than you can by regarding them un- der that one aspect of possible future ad mirers and lovers. When that is the ru and absorbing thought, you have not the proper use of your faculties ; your manners are constrained and awkward, you are easily embarrassed and made to say what is ill-judged, silly, andout of place —and you defeat your own views by ap pearing to a great disadvantage. However secret you may be in these speculations, if you are continually think ing of them, and attaching undue impor tance to the acquaintance of gentlemen, it will most certainly show itself in your man ners and conversation, and will betray a weakness that is held in especial contempt by the stronger sex. Since the customs of society have award ed to man the privilege of making the first advance towards matrimony, it is the safest and happiest way for woman to leave the matter entirely in his hands. She should be so educated as to consider that the great end of existence —preparation for eternity may \>e equally attained in married or single life, and that no union hut the most perfect one is at all desirable. Matrimony should he considered as an incident in life, which, if it come at all, must come with out any contrivance of yours ; and there fore you may safely put aside all thoughts of it until someone forces the subject up on your notice by professions of a particu lar interest in you. Lively, ingenious, conversable, and charming little girls, are often spoiled in to dull, bashful, silent young ladies ; and all because their heads are full of nonsense about beaux and lovers. They have athou sand thoughts and feelings which they would be ashamed to confess, though not ashamed to entertain ; and their pre-oc cupation with a subject which they had better let entirely alone, prevents their be ing the agreeable and rational companions of the gentlemen of their acquaintance which they were designed to be. Girls get into all sorts of scrapes by un due pre-occupation of mind ; they mis construe the commonest attentions into marks of particular regard, and thus nour ish a fancy for a person who has never once thought of them but as an agreeable acquaintance. They lose the enjoyment of a party, if ceitain beaux are not there whom they expected to meet; they be come jealous of their best friends, if the beaux are there and do not talk to them as much as they wish ; every trifle is magni fied into something ofimportance—a fruit ful source of misery—and tilings of real importance are neglected for chimeras. And all this gratuitous pains-taking defeats its own ends ! The labor is all in vain ; such girls are not the most popular; and those who seem never to have thought a bout matrimony at all, are sought and pre ferred before them. We may add the ad vice, that young women should not consi der it a serious misfortune even if never married ; there is nothing disreputable, while there may be much happiness, in the condition of an old maid. Phrenology. —A short time since, a yrung lady, who still adheres to the cus tom once so prevalent among the ladies, of braiding the hair, requested a phrenolo gist to examiue her cranium, and to re port the result of his examination. The request was, of course, very cheerfully complied with, and his discoveries were communicated in the following 'laconic terms: “Miss, 1 find the tiurepof upbraiding the most prominent of any on your head.” IVUIBER 44. Sublimlty and Variety of tile mbit-. The true reason why some literary men disbelieve the Bible, is the one given by Dr. Johnson : “Because they are ignorant of its contents.” And the same may he the reason why so many readers fail even to read this “Book Divine.” Mrs. Ellis, in her “ Poetry of Life,” has well said : ilh our established ideas of heautv, grace, pathos and sublimity, either con centrated in the minutest point, or extend ed to the widest range, we can derive from the Scriptures a kind of gratification not to i be found in any other memorial of the past Or present time. From the worm that gryvels in the dust, to tho leviathan in the foAming deep—from the moth that corrupts the treasure, to the eagle that soars above the clouds—from tho wild beasts of the desert, to the lamb within the shep herd’s fold—from the consuming locusts to the cattle on a thousand hills—from the rose of Sharon, to the cedar of Lebanon— from the clear crystal stream, gushing from the flinty rock, to the wide waters of the deluge—from the barren waste to the fruitful vineyard, and theland flowing with milk and honey—from the lonely path of the wanderer, to the gathering of a mighty multitude—from the tear that falls in se cret, to tho din of battle and the shout of a triumphant host—from the cottage to the throne—from tho mourner clad in sackcloth, to the prince in his purple robes -—from the gnawing of the worm that di et!) not, to the seraphic visiou of the bless ed from the still small voice, to the thun ders of Omnipotence—from the depths of hell to the regions of eternal glory—there is no degree of beauty or deformity, nti tendency to good or evil, no shade of dark ness or gleam of light, that does not come within the cognizance of the Holy Scrip tures, and therefore there is no expression or conception of the mind, that may not tiere find a corresponding picture ; no thirst for excellence that may not meet with its full supply ; and no condition of humanity excluded from the unlimited scope of adaptation and sympathy, com prehended in the language and spirit of the Bible.” Contagious Diseases.— There exists in nature, says Dr. Cox, a remarkable and admirable, in fact a necessary law. “It is that a person once affected by them is, with rare and peculiar exceptions, protec ted ever and over against their attacks. If this limitation of contagious diseases did not exist, a short time would suffice ; to depopulate the earth,” “there would 1 not remain on the earth two men to discuss tho theory of contagion.” It is also to he remarked that irt contagious diseases there i never has been known, nor, from their na-j ture, can there be known such a thing as a relapse. They pass through certain stages and have a certain and well under stood “resolution,” as it is termed, and they never- relapse from one of these sta ges to an earlier. Now the cholera is well known to he unlimited as to the number of times it may affect the system, and those who suffer from it are probably more subject to re lapse before perfect convalescence than if they were afflicted by any other malady, l’he dilemma seems unavoidable then, either that Providence has permitted a disease to visit the earth unlimited by any law which would prevent the cerlain extermination of the human race, or that the cholera is not contagious. The for mer supposition is an absurdity, while the latter is equally accordant with reason and experience. Whortleberry. —The Vermont Chron. icle remarks that the swamp whortleberry is capable of successful introduction into garden culture. A gentleman in Wyane county, Michigan, has a little whortleberry tree, planted from a marsh teti years ago. It is about ten feet high, and about an inch and a half in diameter at the ground. It stands in a rich sandy upland soil. The fruit is improved in size, and equal flavor of that produced in the swamps. Thfe yield is said to be more abundant and more certain. The tree is watered daily in very dry weather, and perhaps might do well without it. Life. — Life is but a walk over a moor, and the wild flowers that grow upon our path are too few not to gather them when ihey come within sight, even though it may cost us a step or two aside. It's all in the day’s journey, and we shall get home at last. BOOK AND JOB PRINTING, T 1 ill be executed in the most approved style and on the best terms,at the Office of the SCTTTHE3.IT X£TTSE"JM, -BY— WM. B. HAHRISON. nise and Disappearance of Disease*. Some diseases have arisen and have since disappeared. Os this description ate the leprosy and the sweating sickness. The leprosy appears to have committed the most extensive ravages, and to have had hospitals erected solely for its relief. It became general lliroughou Europe irt the twelfth century, and is supposed to have been introduced into England by the at my which invaded it under Henry tho Seventh. It prevailed from 1485 to 1551, and in some years, during one month in autumn, was equal in futility to the plague- J he diseases which have arisen, not disap- peated, are small pox and measles, per haps altoiber specific contagions and sy philis. I hough the exact period cannot he ascertained, there was a time when none of these were known here. The diseases which have prevailed with vari ous degrees of frequency and fatality at different periods, are plagtte, dysentery, internal fever, typhus fever, small pox, syphilis, scurvy, and rickets. The first plague, was in 430, the last in which it was epidemic here wa3 in IGGS. It was named in the bills of mortality as late as 1079. Internal fever, scurvy, dysentery, and rickets have declined of late years- Scarlet fever, consumption, gout, dropsy, palsy, and all nervous diseases, have in. creased. Duncan's Essays and Miscel lanea. A\ HAT I HOLT DoEST Do QuiCKLY.— Quick, young men ! life is short. A great work is before you, arid you have no time to lose. Ifyou would succeed iri business win your way to honor, and save your time roll over him while he sleeps. Aim high, and work hard.— Life is worth the living, death is worth the dying, because worth gaining. Quick, ye men of might in the foad of life! Your life is more than half grtno already. You are down the hill, and the shadows begin to fall around you. If you have aught to do before you die, do it quickly. The morning lias fled, mid-day has passed, and the night corrielh. Quick, ye aged men, quick. Once you thought three score years to bo an endless lime, and that they could never pass away. 1h *y have come, they have gone—man, what have they left ? The days of pleas ure have past, atid the days of darkness are here—have you left any work undone ? Have you come to infirmities and trenbling and no preparation for death ? Ah, quick, ye aged fathers and gray bearded sires. Already are the messengers of death be ginning to render their services to bring you to the sepulchres of their fathers Wiih ihe feebie remnants of existence' struggle for heaven. Work, pray, seek’ while life lasts, mercy waits, and God i 3 garcious. Literature in France. —Few hooks have been published in Paris since the revolution, and the few that have been have scarcely been read. The keeper of the largest circulating library says, that people never read so little, and for new books in particular lie says there is scarce ly any demand. He declares, for ex ample, that M. Guizot’s Democracy, which excited such great interest in England, was only let out to half a dozen persons ; that Lamartine’s Raphael, of which the English have required three or four trans lations, has not produced him half of what it cost; that the latter’s History of the revo lution of IS4B, which has just been pub lished, has not been asked for ; and that Louis Blanc’s History of the Great Revo lution remains in grim repose on his shelves. The only work of which the man speaks favorably is Jerome Paturot, a sa tire on the Republic ; but even that is far from presenting the dirty dog-cared ap pearance which warms the circulating library keeper’s heart. The True Red Republican. —The N* O- Delta says : We saw a Frenchman, the otner day, most cordially embracing a Choctaw In* dian at the lower market. “Be gar !’ said he, ‘he be one real na tive American—the true red republican /’’ these shop-keepers will fib it,’ said Mrs. Partington, with an expression of pain on her venerable features ; “that young man I bought these needles of, said they were good tempered ; and only see how spitefully this one has masecrated my finger !”