FRANCE. . «j
of a letter-from Bordeaux to the*Editor of the
v Boston Patriot, dated in May, 18^6.
We have all been highly incensed here off'the arresta-
Yion and examination of-dolonel -Fenwick, one of Ortr
’most respectable officers, who, covered with wounds,
went to reside for his health at the town of St. _ Foy, in
this neighborhood. The mayor of that town insulted
him, by insisting on his taking out his eag# from his
"cockade. They forced him to quit the place, and on his
^arrival here he was arrested by the gendarmes, aud con
ducted through the streets like a vagabond to the mayor’s
office, where he was examined and questioned in an in
famous manner. They wanted to force captain Stanton,
of our army, to take out his cockade, but he refused, and
swore he would run the first man through the body-
Who dared to molest him. As the royalists are not not
ed for their courage, they thought proper to let him
Wear it. Colonel Drayton was ordered at Lyons by the
mayor to desist from wearing liis eagle—He made an ele-
f ant reply, and concluded by telling the agent sent to
Ln by the mayor, that nothing but force could-oblige
him to conform to their wishes. They did not repeat the
demand. These gentlemen, our consul, and indeed all
of us, are indignant at the conduct of this anglo faction.
‘This city is full of-Englishmen—hundreds are establishing
oommission houses—others are here for a short time,
and many have taken country houses in this vicinity.—
The famous George Canning has taken a house for his
Family. He was at the ball given last evening by the
prefect, to celebrate the anniversary of the first arrival of
Louis XVIII at Paris. The rooms, I am told, were
crowded with Englishmen—All the foreign consuls were
ipvited except one's, and not one American was asked.—
How different from former times, when our consul and
countrymen were the first t6 be invited. How disgraceful
to Frenchmen, to see the apariments of one of their chief
magistrates filled with British officers and traders, while
such respectable men as our consul, colonel Drayton,
X»lonel-Fenwick as.d others are nof-bnly treated with
neglect but insulted. Mr. Hyde de Neuviile may make
-as many flourishes as he pleases, and try all he can to
wipe of the stain which the! conduct of his party towards
Ws has fixed on them—he will not succeed.
The trial of the English officers, Wilson, Bruce and
Hutchinson, for the saving of Lavalette, has finished; they
have been condemned to three months imprisonment.—
I send you the trial, which you will find very interest
ing. They' appear to be Englishmen of the old school.
I send you ai90 one of the Sunday hand-bills, which
are printed and stuck up by the prefect at every church
in the department, to instruct the loyal peasants of the
state of things and of the health of all the legitimates.—
You will see, on perusing this Sunday sheet, that Louis
18th prostrated liimseif at the feet of the statute of St.
Ann, but not being able, from the feebie state of his
health, to perforin all the rites due to that Saint, his royal
brother had tiie goodness to wash the feet of the statute
for him. This will paint to you better than any words I
can use, the fanaticism of t a se poor wretches.
Disgusted and enraged, our consul is about embarking
to return home. We .have presented him with a handsome
address, and given him an elegant dinner, in testimony
of our regard. He is universally esteemed by all of us
Just as t am finishing this letter, the~cl:dly paper ap
pears, giving a splendid description of the perfect’s ball
above mentioned. After mentioning ali the authorities
'that were present, it concludes by saying, “together
with ail the European consuls and officers of distinction.”—
This, thought a pitiful attempt to make known to the
public that the American consul and officers in this city
were not present, is worthy of notice, as it proves what I
have before stated to you that every occasion that offers
as eagerly seized to insult and irritate us. A public din
ner is to be given in a few days by the English merchants
established here to Mr. George Canning, at which ail the
Authorities are to assist. What a change. The French
•authorities of Bordeaux feasting and entertaining ►
British minister, who has contributed so much to the de
gradation of their country, and to the destruction of the
commerce of this city! Bat believe me, this is done by
the authorities in direct opposition to the public senti
ment; for at no period of French history were the bulk
of the people oftiiis nation so inveterate against the Eng
lish. You will have seen the farce between the president
ad some of the members of the legislative body. The
latter, suspecting the king meant to dismiss them as
soon as the debates on the budget were finished, brought
forward in the midst of those discussions, a project to
regulate the future elections. The president having his
duo from the ministers opposed the report of the com
mittee of elections, in which though disgraced in the at
tempt, he finally succeeded. When the discussion on
the budget was completed, and forty-two millions with
&c’s. were voted to the clergy together with fifteen hun
dred thousand francs per year to the duke of Berry for
ids eminent services, (say 303,000 dollars) the king, whom
the royalists call the Solon of the age, dismissed this hum
The state of the country is wretched indeed, bread and
wine, the staff of the poor, is "enhancing in price; labour
is lower than ever; ail the money the lower classes can
collect goes for taxes, while the opulent are gathering
into their coffers all they can collect, fearing a revolu
tion. One of the best writers on finance in France has
proved, that if the present system of taxation was persist-
ed in for twenty-four years, the whole territorial value
of France would p ass through the public cliest3 in that
period!! These are the blessed effects of “legitimacy.” I
was in the c onsul’s office yesterday the gre ater part of (iit
morning, engaged in perusing our gizettes, which he gives
Us ail free access to, notwithstanding the authorities lure
have endeavored to prevent it. Daring that short time,
five French officers of different grades, and eleven man-
facturers of'various branches, applied to him for a pas
sage to the United States, most of them in a starving c m-
dition. These classes of people look with anxious eyes
towards.the western world, regarding it as the only asy
lum left for suffering humanity.
Charleston, Julj 23.
Since our translations of Saturday, from the Bordeaux
and Paris papers, of the 18th and 24th May, received per
ship Portia, captain Suliiman, we find, that the prohibi
tion of importing in foreign vessels, (mahogany, dye-
woods, lignumvitae, cocoa, cinnamon, cotton, ivory, tor-
toishell^cloves, gums, indigo, nutmegs, bides, unnatto,
sugar, clayed or raw, the growth or production of the
French colonies or possessions;) is a misinterpretation of
the law by the director of customs at Bordeaux; and that
it only affei
ects foreign vessels direct from the French colo-
their »alue. Upwards of, one hundred, farmers were in
Carlisle jail; besides a multitude cif other debtors, and the
jailer being somewhat, put' to it to accommodate so nume
rous a company, is said to have declared that he could
ake no more in except “gentlemen of good character.”
Mechanics generally were without errfploymeqt, and la
borers unable : to earn more tlian six shillings a week.-
How different is the lot of the American farmer, whose
products command almost any price he choses to demand
for them.—Norfolk Herald.
London, May 18.
A junta is now sitting in Madrid, formed of deputies
from ali the Cortsuladocs, oh boards of trade, belonging
the commercial towns of Spain. The president is lb:
ra, counsellor of state; and the object is said to be, to
devise and report to the king a plan to give increase to
Spanish trade, as well as to propose a mean of raising-
public credit front the depressed state in which it stands
Lord Holland said in a late debate, that the number of
persons in England who were in favor of the income tax
and of those in France who were in favor of the Bour
bons, might conveniently find room either in Elba, or
Pams, May T47 -
The second council of war will immediately try the
officer who, on the 6th of .Uilv, 1816, killed on the Boa
levard Poissoniere, an old man, who cried Viveie Hoi!
- From the Utica Gazette.
THE LATE SPANISH CORTES.
There was an interesting debate in the British house
of commons on the 20th of February, on the subject of
the late transactions in Spain. Mr. Bfougham endeavor
ed, in a very able speech, to convince the house of the
justice and expediency of the interference on the part of
England in favor of those members of the late Cortes,
who, instead of being rewarded for their services in the
cause of Ferdinand, are suffering the most deg rading and
cruel punishments from that unrelenting bigot.
The speech furnishes some important facts relative "to
the conduct of the English towards the Cortes. It is as
serted, that the British general Whittingham advanced to
Madrid before the Spanish tyrant, and surrounded the
Cortes toith troops in English pay; after which “the pro
scribed list was brought forward, and the Cortes with
two of the regency, were arrested and cast into dunge
ons.” “But even here (said Mr. B.) our cc-operation did
not end. Pay and clothing had subsequently been ad
vanced to the amount of half a million, tie doubted not
that general Whittingham hud his instructions for -what he
did.” Mr. B. considered the suffering ofuie patriots as
culling for the interference of the English government.—
He mentioned the case of a poor tr. desman whom one
of the tribunals had sentenced to four years imprison
ment for having promoted political discussions. On see
ing this sentence, Ferdinand exclaimed, “71 hat! only
four years imprisonment for a wretch -who had presumed to
speak-in public on politics?” and immediately sentenced
the man, who was a cripple, to be hanged.
A pleasant anecdote of Oliver Cromwell is related in
this speech, who, when a Spanish ambassador represent
ed the inquisition and the colonial trade to be his mas
ter’s two eyes, replied, “Thai I must trouble your master
to put out his two eyes.”
On coffee, the restriction only extends to such as is the
growth of the French possessions, beyond the Cape of
The principal importations at Bordeaux, from the
United States, from the 2 Jth of April to the 20th of May,
1816, exclusive of six cargoes from the Havana and Mar
Logwood—920 tons, j
Coffee—450 casks, 15,771 bags.
Sugar—1554 casks, 1302 boxes, 4774 bag?.
Such performers as are distinguished for their royalist
principles, have all received presents, more or less’ con
siderable, on those Oceanians when the king has been
present at the theatrical representations; but nothing
can equal the delicafty which has been employed in the
case of Mr. Huet. He has received a complete service
of enamelled china, made up with eighteen dishes, eighteen
plates, eighteen knives, eighteen spoons, fcc, The per
former immediately perceived the ingenuity which the
present contained and exclaimed—“Ah, Good God,
would that we were living under Louis the Thirty-sixth”
—-Paris paper. N
Aeeou«t$ from different parts of Great-Britain con
tinue to represent .the condition of the farmers and ma
nufacturers of that country as most distressing. We
have seen a letter of late date from an intelligent inhabi
tant of the town of Carlisle, in the county of Cumber
land, which states, that once flourishing seat of industry
and art to be now in a state of bankruptcy, while the
country round about it, with its numerous villages, exhi
bits a picture of distress which baffles description.—
T housands of farmers unable to pay their rents in money,
owiugto the depreciated price of their produets, have of- Haven, Connecticut,
felfeotbeirlandlords all their,crops and stock, which
FROM CALCUTTA AND ST. HELENA.
Captain Sargeant, from Calcutta, (arrived at Boston)
has communicated the following to the Daily Advertiser:
Bonaparte's residence at St. Helena, is that formerly oc
cupied by the lieutenant-governor of the island, at a
place called Long Wood! lie was permitted a circumfe
rence of three nniesto walk or ride at pleasure: beyond
this he could not go, except attended by captain Poppie-
i, of the 53d regiment—but he has never seen fit to ex
ceed his limits, round which are a guard wiiliin a speak
ing distance of each other, and round his dwelling are
constantly ten centries. On his first arrival at St. Helena,
he run much in debt to shopkeepers, &c. trusting him
is now forbid, and his wants are supplied by a purveyor
appointed by government.
His household consists of marshal Bertrand and lady,
general Montholen, general Congo, Las Casas, captain
Poniotowskv, and his old valet; Cockburn, of Chesa
peake memory, is admiral; sir Hudson "Lowe is govern
or. For fear Roney should swim to Ascension, seven
days sail distant, the British have a sloop of war’s esta
blishment on that Island, rated as his Britannic majesty’s
sloop Ascension; ships homeward bound are obliged to
take water to this establishment, there being none on this
island.* Captain Tede has been to see Bonaparte sever
al times, and represents him, to use his own terms, as
Calcutta, March 5.
Within a few days five fires have broken out in this
town and its suburbs. Those of Coole Bazar, Jaun and
Kidderpore were the most severe. We are happy to
hear that the magistrates are going to adopt" measures
which will greatly abate the recurrence of these acci
The right reverend the Bishop of Calcutta left Madras
on the 31st of January to proceed to Bombay overland—
a salute of fifteen guns were tired on his lordship’s de
parture. The escort which attends iiis lordship is com
manded bv lieutenant Sawnston, of the quarter mas
ter general’s department, who likewise officiates as in
Yesterday seventy four minute guns were fired from
the ramparts of fort William,., in consequence of the
death of her royal highness Qoodsea Begum, the mother
of Nehur the second, king of Dehelev, on the 15th uit.
We understand three hundred tons of Congreve’s
Rockets have been sent to this country in the Indian
Oak, and that Messrs. Wevill, .Allen and Guthrie have
come in her att .died to the rocket department.
The following is an extract of a letter, dated the 28th
of February, camp under the second range of hills.
“ On the 14th when the moon rose, we pushed for
ward without the least opposition towards CheeriaGtiau-
tee Bass, having left a fortified magazine at Beezhiako in
charge of the 15th, under colonel Greenstreet. Our
route lay sometimes in drv beds of nullahs, through ra
vines, ditches, lanes and up mountains, as rugged and
frightful as the Pyrenees. After a march of thirty two
hours, the latter part of which we had a great scarcity of
water, we arrived at this most desolate place, surround
ed with woods and hills. We are much impeded by
tiie difficulty experienced in getting our supplies up
an almost inaccessible mountain, distant about'seven
miles. The pioneers have been indefatigable, and have
to tiie astonishment of us all formed a flight of steps
from the bottom to the summit, so that now the Ele
phants are enabled to mouqt, and their loads are brought
up after them. We expected all our ammunition and
stores up to night, and we hope to start on our way to
Mukwanpere to-morrow. We are here without one sin
gle tent, and the generaj, or nobie commander, puts up
with-a temporary hut with thegreatfcst content and good
On the 16th, colonel Burnett was ordered to advance
against theiStockades between Boechiako and Etowndah.
The first and second, after little resistance, were evacu
ated by the enemy; From tiie third stockade a fire was
directed against our troops, and unfortunately lieuten
ant Walcot of the artillery was severely wounded, by a
shot through the lungs. It is also said that lieutenant
Heron, 8th native infantry, and lieutenant Earl, of the pi
oneers, were slightly wounded. Six Sepoys were woun
ded, and one killed. The stockade was found deserted
next morning, the 17th and the pass was taken posses
sion of by colonel Bu>*>ett’s detachment.
The commissariat department is about to receive im
portant aid from the princely , liberality of the Nuwab
Lucknow. It is said that his highness has collected 7060
carriage bullocks, and 1200 bearers to facilitate the pro
gress of the army m the field.
Yesterday morning, an express arrived from major
general Ochterlony’scamp, dated Etowndah, the 19th in
stant. The general had arrived at that place without see
ing the enemy. Katmundeo is only about fifteen miles,
nprtheast of Etowndah, and between these two places,
the strong fortified post of. Chesepanec is situated, to
whifch the Nepaulese have probably retired. The troops
continued in fine health and spirits.
- _ "Ot
His mate:was a PortugtieS^ and the 'cteW principally
English.- He had cleared »Ut his vessel, find was to sail
-t Say lifjht on the morning of the 3isf. He went on
board at nine the preceding evening, and took with him
between one and two hundred ounces of gold; which was
•ifterwar4s found on board except twenty or thirty oun
ccs. The mate was supposed to liave murdered him,
:j;d threw his body over board. The mate and crew
were all in prison. The English merchants at Rio sub
scribed 6UU milireas for the prosecution of th* murder
ers.—vV. Y. Gazette, 13t/i vnst.
The editors of the feazette are indebted to a gentle-
ileman of this city, for the following extract, of a letter
from an officer on board the United States’ frigate Ma
cedonian, captain Warrington, dated
“Off Annapolis, July 6, 1816.
“We arrived at St. Martha after a passage of 28 days,
where we found the English had been before us, and got
the greatest part of tiie prisoners -way, making no dis
tinction between Englishmen and Americans, but offer
ing- an asylum and protection tans ccrimonie, to those
who couid effect their escape. A few were left, whom
they refused to give up to us—of course, we had to pro
ceed to Carthugeua, where we were received politely,
and immediately obtained the release of ail the prisoners,
ooth at St. Martha and Carthagena. We returned to St.
Martha and not only received our own, but English jmd
French prisoners, without any distinction. Two da;, s
after our receiving them, las Britannic majesty’s sloop
Thais came in, .ndtiie English subjects were putOn board
From the Philadelphia Register.
The folio a mg- official news received by the Macedoni
an, proves completely the falsity of the accounts lately
published of general Moruio’s defeats.
•IF TUX CAFTURJ5 OF SAN1> Fill., THE CAPITA* OF NEW-GRE-
Carthagena, June 2, 1816.
His excellency the governor ana captain general of tiie
kingdom, Don Francisco de Montalvo, has just received
the following offici a despatch from his excellency Don
1’abto Moriiio, commander m chief of tiie expeditionary
Most excellent Sir—The king’s troops, under the or
ders of colonels Don Miguel de la Tecre, and Don Se
bastian de ia Caizada, entered the capital of this vice-
kingdom on the 6th of this month; and the insurgents,
rith their pretended government, and the remains of
their bands, are flying in terror in every direction. Some
of tiie ignorant people who have suff ered themselves to
he seduced, are' now undeceived, desert and return to
In a very Short time, the whole of this country will be
entirely pacified, which has suffered so much from the
excesses of a few wretches, headed by foreigners, and
by some emigrants from Cu-raccas, who have never hao
-.ny other object in view, but that of robbery and plun
der, which they have practised every where.
1 communicate the foregoing intelligence to your ex
cellency, for your satisfaction and information, and for
that of tne faithful inhabitants of the tranquil provinces.
God preserve your excellency many years.
Head-felUai-ters at San Gil, May 17, 1816.
Fa a l Moeiuo.
To his excellency Don Francisco de Montalvo.
* This is a mistake—there was a living stream on the
island in 1795, sufficient for the use of one thousand per,
We learn from captain Fosdick, of the brig Edwin,
from Rio Janeiro, that captain A. Benham, late of New
Haven, Connecticut, who commanded the Schooner
Wellington, under English erdor^, wajfgjaitfcrtftl by his
From the Virgin Islands Courier, received at the office of
the Norfolk Herald.
To r ro la, J une 19.
Extract from Bcatio's Guzette, published at ffilarguerita in
Intercepted Documents from the Spanish general of
Caracas, and the governor of the Island of Marguerita.
Despatch, from Captain General Moxo, to Governor Ur-
In consequence oftlie information I have received from
the governor of Cum«nL, I send you ali the assistance I
have within my re„ch, which consists of one company" of
the crown battalion, in very g-ood condition, and com
manded by an excellent officer.
I direct you to set aside ali humane consideration. (1.)
All the insurgents and those who follow them, bearing
rms or unarmed; those who have .listed or now assist
them; in short, all who have taken part in the crisis in
which, that island is placed, must be shot without remis
sion, without any formal process (2) and only by verbal
adjudication of three officers.
There shall not remain in that island any other horses
or mules, than such as are necessary for the service ot
the dragoons and officers of infantry; and you will send
the remainder to the governor of Cumana, without al
lowing one to remain with any individual in that island
As soon as tranquility is re-established, you will send
back to me tiie company I have placed under your com
mand, as I am threatened on all sides, and am in the
greatest want of their co-operation.
We need not be dismayed—valor has always triumph
ed over numbers, and if, us I believe it to be tiie case, tiie
squadron of drag oons is in action, they will suffice to ex
terminate the miscreants who still wish to plant their bones
in this island.
1 repeat to you my charge of activity, and that from
being inexorable, (4) you may announce to me the entire
subjection of that band of rogues, who have so much
abused our natural goodness and clemency. (5)
May God preserve you many years.
Salvador De Moxo,
Captain genet id. ad interim.
Caracas, 22d Nov. 1815.
To Don Joaquin L'rreiztieta.
Another;from governor Urreiztieta, to captain Garrigo.
You will remain in your post until captain Joaquin
Somosa with 4‘J men shall reach it. Immediately on
their arrival you wili march to the northward, and by
ali means take tiiat post, acquainting me with every oc
You will not give quarters to any person (6) and you
wili allow pillage (7) to the troops as soon as they ar
rive. If you think the enemy is weak, you will continue
your march to San Juan; but of ihis, your will inform me
when you arrive to -the northward. You wili burn the
town of San Juan and retire when every thing is quiet.
(8) The city of the north shall also be" burnt (9) when
-you return from San Juan.
Use all the means you may. deem expedient to estab
lish the good character of tiie corps (In.)
God preserve you many years.
City of Marguerita, 17 th Nov, 1815.
Captain Don Juan Garrigo.
(1) This advice is useless, as no Spaniard has posses
sed humane consideration.
(2) This is the Penal Code the Spaniards have observ
ed towards the Americans from the conquest to the pre
sent day. ^
(3) Such vexations have not been witnessed in the his
tory of any nation.
(4) Mr. Moxo forgets he is writing to Mr. Urreiztieta,
as he directs him to be what he is too much Si ready, as
will be seen by his orders against the North City, given
(5) Clemency! Spanish Clemency!!!!—No Spanish
heart has experienced that generous sentiment.
(6) And it will then be asked who makes war without
giving quarter, the patriots or Spaniards; the refusing
quarter, to persons of every description, has only hitherto
beesi practised by the Spaniards in America, where they
butchered fifteen millions oflndians, and now they have
sacrificed above three millions of their own sons.
(7) Pill Aging is a very ancient practice of the Span
iards !—Wftat necessity is there to permit it.
(8) This is the tranquility the Spaniards wish America
to enjoy; who will then set fire to the iity and murder the
| the time of the new governors arrival, which -ST
'jyfeceabout'theTast June'. e «Uo«k
#ist before capt. Long sailed, a Atpqrt was current tv, .
another Embargo was shortly to be laid on in P „
quence of the great number of Qarthagenian ’private^!
Which were cruizing in the neighborhood. They hi
jjecame so numerous as to Soil around the island in squad
The Spanish frigate which was destroyed by f irf .
the 4th cf July, iis supposed to have been the effect 0 *!-
design on the part of tiie seamen belongihg to her. °*
Markets at Havana.—Muscovado sugar £9 r g —
coffee, gl'2 a 13; Molasses, bits per keg. American
produce, as usual, very low, and in no demand rice v
selling at £4—flour, 12 *14, and other articles pron-if*
tionably low.—Charleston City Gazette, 19thinst. *
■ . . . .. j. St. [Louis, June 15.
Since the middle of April last, we have not had on-
shower of rain to relieve vegetation from the sickn u
which universally prevails. The people of tins teriit,
are not singular in this awful and protentous caian ,/
from Maine to Georgia this uncommon drought is f.'. ;
we would beg leave to advise the farmers to plant lari’
ly of potatoes to serve for food in case of a general f •
lure of crops.
Several- white men have been lately murdered bv th»
Pawnee ahd Osage Indians. The Pawnees justify the -J,
as defending their Inu*»ing-gTounds from the whitest
Both the Osage and Pawnees declare that the few w; h C
who visit their countiy as hunters, kill more bufliio in
one year than would support both their nations (contain
”ig 10,000 persons) for the same period; It is said that
100 buffalos were killed last fall to procure one boat
load of tailow. It is a well known fact, that thousands
of those animals are killed for the sake of their toiis-nw
and tailow. ° 3
The Usages complain that settlements are forming i n
the midst of their hunting country, five hundred milej
west of tiie Mississippi. This is about half way to the
Spanish villages in .Mexico.
, Louisville, (Indiana) July 1.
A e are happy to learn, that the Indiana Conventios
have agreed to accept tiie terms offered by congress, by
f '°,h t0 \ T * ie 7 have <ured the general election
for the officers of the new state; on the first Monday ip
August next, and the seat of government at Corvdon
about 2a pleasant miles from this place, for 9" years', bv a
majority of one vote. They closed their patriotic labors
on Saturday last, by agreeing to a constitution of go
vernment for the new state, whose denomination is
the estate of Indiana. So soon as we receive the
constitution of the
. ... .. , , nt 'W state, we shall publish an
outline of it for the gratification of our readers.
We are gratified in noticing the growing prosperity of
manufactures m this town. A Scythe and Sicklemonu.
factory lias recently gone into operation, and furnishes
those articles of a superior quality at £30 per dozen for
the former, and glJ per dozen for the latter. Screw
Augers are likewise made here and sold at ten cents per
quarter inch, a less price than those imported.
A Mustard manufactory is ia successful operation
the price of which per pound, by the keg, is one dollar*
Three dollars per bushel given for Mustard Seed.
The proprietors of the Cincinnati On Mill will shortir
commence the manuf.e.ory of Castor Oil, and new give
two dollars per bushel for the seed of the Palma Chris*
Castor Oil or -Mole Bean
Te. w ould recommend the cultivation of this plant to
friends, the farmers.—Ohio paper.
*ity and murder the
(9) What a gratification! to conquer ashes.
(10) In truth, he preserved the character of the corps,
allowing himself to be beaten as usual; and he could
not preserve that of Incendiaries, Assassins and Thieves,
which they have so much merited.
LATE FROM HAVANA.
€a£txun Long, of the schooner Alert, arrived here yes
terday in 5 days from Havana, informs us, that the port
w*s to be shqt agvbst all ftpdggi % ffyy dtps fepw
The Cared.—Having been favored with a copy eftbe
report of the commissioners appointed to
this subject, and pave the way to the accomplishment of
tins grand design, we lose no time in laying it before but
The estimate of the expense attending it, is drawn
from the most correct data; and, when it is considered
that the trivial sum of thirty-five dollars from each free
holder m those districts of countrv w nose interest is to
be immediately advanced, via be more than -sufficient
to the completion of the canal, we are sure in
considerate man in this district, would ndt hesitate to act.
Snail it be necessary then, to make any stronger appeal
to the interest and good sense of our citizens, than this
valuable document contains. We know there is no ne
cessity for further argument on the subject.—Norfolk
Beacon, 12th insi.
DEAF AND DUMB ASYLUM.
A society ha3 been formed in Connecticut, denomirah
ed tile “Asylum for the education and instruction of l)e>;f
and Dumb persons.” His excellency governor Smith is
clvosen president, and John Caldwell, esq. Dr. M. F.
Cogswell, Nathaniel Terry, esq. Daniel Wadsworth, esq.
rev. Dr. Dwight, Charles Sigourney, esq. David Porter, esq.
and Joseph Battle, esq. vice-presidents. It is ascertain
ed that the number of deaf and dumb persons in Connec
ticut amounts to nearly one hundred. They have sent
an agent to Europe; and he is now obtaining instruc
tions from the celebrated Abbe Sicard, in Pans. We
hope the patrons of this useful institution will not be
coufiped to Connecticut.—Boston Yankee.
FROST IN JULY.
Our friends from the country inform us,- that on Mon
day morning frost was visible in low lands. The cool
weather of the four or five last days has given a check to
vegetation. Our accounts from Maine, New Hampshire
and Vermont, on this subject are melancholy. Show
ers and heat may yet revive the husbandman; but a wise
forethought will take measures to guard ag-amst a scar
city of bread corn.—Boston Centinel, 10th insi.
There is scarcely a physical evil without some utter-
dnnt benefit the cold, has been. vcrj^gTeat, during’ this
season, in Canada; but the Hessian ffiy, and other de
structive insects, are said to be completely an mini: ed-
melons, peaches, and nectarines are not expected
in prolusion; but the apple trees promise an abundant
crop, tiie vermin which proves so tatai to them Being de-
stroyed by tiie cold.— Compiler.
THE SEASON IN EUROPE.
A letter from Dublin to a gentleman in New-York, dat
ed the 8th ol May, says;—“The spring is the latest ever
known, or at least now remembered here. Very few of
the trees are in bloom, and there is little vegetation of
any kind. Accounts from England and France agTte
in representing a similar backwardness in the season.
CAUTION TO PARENTS AND NURSES.
We are concerned to state, that captain Stewart, of the
navy, has ^ lost his eldest child, in consequence of the
nurse administering a quantity of laudanum. His young
est child also was dangerously affected from the same
cause. Nurses should not be allowed to use this dan
gerous opiate.—Philadelphia Gazette.
From the National Intelligencer.
Very soon after the close of the revolutionary w*r,
lord Sheffield’s celebrated pamphlet was published, the
object of which was to point out the best modes of pre
venting the growth of the infant repubiic. The parlia
ment of Great Britain, practising on his lordship’s prin
ciples, imposed heavy duties on Indigo, an important ar
ticle of the productions of the southern states, and g»ve
bounties on indigo imported from the East Indies. Tins
measure was highly injurious to the cultivators of that
part of the nation. In a few years our southern bre
thren discovered that cotton could be cultivated to adv-n-
tage, 'Urul at present it value is incomparably greater
than that of indigo ever was or ever couid be. More
than 80,000 bales of cotton, worth at least six million of
dollars, were exported from Savannah in the six months
preceding last June. As cotton will never be unfashion
able, but seems destined, (as doctor Darwin observes) to
be the chief article of cloathing of the whole human race,
we may consider the southern states as possessed of an
everlasting source of wealth in that simple article--—
The late war presented another opportunity of embar
rassing us by restricting our trade to her sugar colonies;
but at the same time a few ingenious men made the dis
covery that sugar might be cultivated to almost any d®-
sired-extent in Georgia and it is believed, that there are
at least fifteen millions of acres of sugar land belonging
to the United States, and lying in Western Louisiana,
between Saiuno rivers* We iu?? W