vnnxcATiorf dr c*.\>n juries.
In the National Intelligencer, of the 20th July, k
emonymoua publication against the Grind Fury of Wilkes
bounty, for having expressed their disapprobation to a
, la#~passed by eoflgress, during its late session, altering
Hhe manner and amount of compensation to our con-
' nessional delegates; and for caving censured the Georgy
delegation for ftOt having made a more formidable op-
position to a law so repugnant to the jbinciplertof de
mocracy and to the will of the people: This anonymous
publication 'avows no other motive than to shew tlist the
Grand Inquest for the body of the county of Wilkes
have preceded their constitutional powers} but in. truth
wishes sec etly to lend a helping hand to the erection of
•ristocracy. In his avowed design, our writer has lftise-
Tably failed. To Yi lave preserved tlie face of truth,‘he
should at least have been consistent throughout and
havi respected intuitive principles; in tlie first step of
his esaay, he totters and tramples upon them.
• "Among the eccentricities which naturally grow out of a
■high degree of liberty, it that of an extreme latitude in
■all official acts that emanate from the people." Extremes
are always vicious and false—truth and j ustice are never
found in them; but in media, they follow thp course of
nature. Now, if the functionaries of a wise and free
people become false and vicious, and these evils are die
t ‘offspring of liberty, (as our writer asserts) no republic
could possibly exist; foi\ in tlie same ^proportional de
gree in which rational liberty is cultivated, improved
and defended, does it produce and impart poison and
corruption, to react upon itself. Liberty is the right uf
every rational being—the end of government is its pre
servation. That government which is directed by the
Volition of the nation is most subservient to that end.
This kind of government is designated by the name of
democracy. Democracy and liberty are therefore con
vertible terms, or m .y be substituted one for the other.
These are the political axioms upon which our writer
'•has clumsily trodden: lie has further been guilty of a
metaphysical abberation—“Among the eccentricities which
naturally grow ovt," &c. Here is a contradiction of
terms. There may exist eccentricities of nature: they
are phenomena rising in opposition to the ordinary ope-
rations of nature-phenomena so repugnant to every
principle and general rule of nature, that they cannot be
reduced under any generic head. But here the writer
endeavored to reconcile eccentricities and nature,
©r rather awkwardly associated them together.
But to the state of the question again— Whether grand
Juris: have a right to present general grievances or such as
qffect the nation at lurge? It is true that the especial and
peculiar province of Grand Juries is to present such
.things to the bench, as are remediable by it, or at least ani
madverted upon by the laws of tlie land; but it is not less
their duty to notice those evils which have no other cor
rective than public detestation: for there exist evils
lions to morals, which are too subtle for the grasp of
.municipal laws-, and Grand Juries are constituted for the
purpose of correcting moral evils of every description.
Our writer certainly could not have been apprized of this,
otherwise, he would not have said that their exclusive
duty is to present those offences only which are punish
able by the court, and that they have no right of cog-
nuance over matters arising beyond tlie limits of tlie
county in which they live; but do morals constitute the
inly sphere in which judicial authority is to move?—
-Constitated as our government is, deriving its powers
and principles from the people, and having tor its direct
end their security and happiness, it is the duty of evt -y
functionary of the government to direct its exertions to
wards the accomplishment of that end.
The writer in question has not, in his attack upon the
Grand Jury of Wilkes, avowed his real design. The
truth is, he wishes, by innuendos, to approbate the law
■which is the subject of discontent, and to support the
makers of it; otherwise, why desirous of choking one
- channel of communication on the subject, to tlie people?
Why stop one plaintive mouth against a rule which to-
' jyether with its fabricators, deserve public execration;
but, to veil his real intention, he creeps out of his unac
complished attempt, by saying he “concurs” with the
Grand Jury “in most of the positions taken” by them. In
vain has he attributed motives and views to them, by
which they were not governed. He wishes it to appear
that they were influenced by personal spleen, party pre
judices, or political craft. He speaks of their presenting
the people of the United States—-in this there is too much
ritliculous absurdity, to merit any other notice than con
tempt. The people, as the supreme power, have as
signed to the respective branches of the government
certain functions for their performance, but has enjoin
ed the exertions of every member towards the well being
of the whole. AncWsliall our writer dare attempt to
drown the voice of so respectable a member of tlie go
vernment as Grand Juries, the strongest bulwark, tlie
most certain and vigilant safeguard, of tlie liberties of
• the people? Shall those bodies, wliich are chosen for
• their wisdom, their Jove of /rutA and justice, not be per
mitted to communicate their grievances and the griev
ances of the community in which they live to that power
■which has the right,of redressing tlieni? The gentleman
will not (it is presumed) have the hardihood to deny
the right of complaint in the people of Wilkes or any
■* ” ctivebi
Of the cohnirtf bordering On HU _
in the treaty made between geaefed
»Y /DDAt TOlUflf.
I A la's aw—A river in jNortb America, so tailed from'
"a tribe of Indians who formerly resided adjacent to it,—.
It takes its rise in the Cherokee nation, near tlie bpmfds-
ry line between the states of Gsofgia and Tfennessee,
and not far from the 35th degree of north latitude, and
proceeding in a soatbwcstwardly direction, unites with
the Tombigbee, nine miles above the Jlst d&reebf north
latitude, and forms with it, the river Mobile. The junction
of the two rivers is about 45 miles from the bead oj Mo
bile Hay, and the river is iu*iqj>le thus far, .and linked
several miles further, for any vessel which can come up
tlie bay. fn the upper part of die bay, you cahnot count
upon more than 11 fect of water at oruinaty tides: but
when vouget into die river, you -have generally four "
EaSt of the A1
other^ounty in the collective body—but are the people
in those counties or districts who are aggrieved to be
thrown into tumult, confusion and trouble, in congregat
ing themselves, for the purpose of vonting complaints to
tke nation, whenever a diplomatic trust should he violated
by their vice-gcrents, when select men are chosen from
among themselves to sit upon public business, and who
"cannotbe mistaken in tne *-nse of the people of their
county? If the Grand Jury of Wilkes have not made a
fkir representation of the sense of the people of that
county, a*regards tlie almost passive conduct observed
flap the Georgia delegation, in the representative house of
congress, in relation to tlie passage of the compensation
bill, Tet the populace answer for themselves. If they
have made a fair representation, then the people are sav-
- ed from much trouble; and, unless they protest against
the presentments of the Grand Inquest, those present
ments will be understood as the voice of the county.
At *11 ervente, the'Jarors have expressed their sense ot
the matter, whether they be considered as tlie legitimate
representatives of their county people, upon the occa
sion or not; in doing winch tm
„ .. icotmtry, ex-
that tbere are at the
fsof rich lime hone.-prairies
._nib«fred upland, the vicinity
of which to navigable waters,, must in a few years render
it extremely valuable.'' 1
It has already been mentioned, that it is generally a
five faihoins to the forks.
From the junction u> Fort Claiborne, the distance is
about 60 miles, ana the r.vei- is itavigable thus for, at the
lowest time, for aii\ w.«sci v\ I.ich-vfiilnot draw more-than
six jeet ; f water, lbe disunce, from thence to the
mouth of the ( :.nawbi, on die western side.of the Ala
bama, is os'imateu at 15J miles, and the riv'er.affords to
this place, four or five feet depth of water. From the
mouth of the Cahawba to tile forks of the Coose ai’d
Tuuapoose, it is add to he 160 miles, though some do not
estimate the distance so great, and the navigation is still
good except at two ripples, in which however there is
plenty of water, and they pass over"them with poies.—
in tii.s p..rtof the river it is three feet deep in the shal
The river here loses its name. The eastern branch
being called tlie Tallapoose, which except near the
mouth runs through tlie territory still belonging to the
Creeks,—whilst tlie western branch of the Alabama
called the Coose. Tlie Tallapoose is boatabie to the
great falls, 30 or 40 miles above the. fork. About eight
miles by water (thought not three in « straight line)
above tlie junction ot tlie Coose and Tallapoose, tlie tw<
rivers approach very near to each other—and it is in
this point of land that Fort Jackson stands.
From thence to the falls of Coose tlie distance is seven
or eight nulcs; and here tlie navigation of tlie Coose
may, in the present stale of things, be considered as ter
minating. There is a continuation of rocky snouts to
Fort Williams, a distance of 50 miles; a circumstance tne
more to be regre.ted, as tlie navigation is not materially
obstructed above, and can be pursued up tlie Coose to
one of its head streams called tlie Cunaesaugah, which
about 46 feet wide, and from the boatable part of-wliic.
to the boatable part of the Amoy it is but cigut or ten
miles over a firm, level country. The Amoy is »bout 6J
feet wide, and is a branch of the Hiwassec, wlucii dis-
qliarges itself into the Tennessee about eighty mites be
iow Knoxviilc. The distance from Fori Wulums
Fort Strother, at the Ten Islands, where the Cherokee
line strikes tlie Coose river, is nearly sixty miles by land
but considerably more by water. From thence to the
portige, or highest point of navigation on die Connesau-
gali, it is probably 12d or 13v> miles by land.
As to die great fails between Fort Williams and Fort
Jackson: it is the opinion of some that they might be Ten-
rendered navigable, with no very great difficulty. There
is water enough; but the rocky shoals are very numerous.
Boats indeed loaded with provisions for die troops, did
descend die river, and passlhein during the late Creek
war, but the liazard was very considerable, and some of
them were destroyed.
As to the time it takes to navigate the Alabama, it may
be stated, that to go from Mobile to Fort Jackson,
distance of about 4*d miles, il will take from a mouth to
six weeks, according to tlie suite of the river. A bargi
with five handsand 125 barrels, has gone from Mobile to
Fort Jackson in 3U days; but it was reckoned a remarkable
good trip. The business however is new, and experience
will probably lead to expedition.
The Coose, under the names of Oonnesuugah, Esten-
aury, Hightour, &c. runs probably about 150 miles (esti
mating the distance by land) through the Cherokee ter
ritory, in the north western corner of the State of Geor
It then proceeds through the middle of what till late
ly was the Creek country in the Mississippi territory of
the United States; and did not enter the country occu
pied by white people, till within about 20 miles of its
Junction with the Tombigby- But by the treaty which
terminated the war with tiie Creeks Indians in August
1814, the Coose river ws.s made the boundary line be
tween the lands of the Creeks and the lands of the Unit
ed *^pttes from tlie Ten islands on the Coose river, to
Wetumke,* or the great falls near fort Jackson.
From Wetumke, the line runs across east ward ly about
18 miles, then southwardly across the Tallapoose to the
mouth of Ofuskee, and up the Ofuskee ten miles, and
thence s. 49 16 e.67 miles to the mouth of Sum-jchicho-
ba,on the Cbattalioucliee, 46 miles above the 31st degree
of north latitude, or the boundary line between tlie Mis
sissippi territory and West Florida, and from the mouth
of Sumuchichoba, due east through the .state of Georgia
to the Aitimaha, two miles east of Goose creek. The
whole of the Creek country, West and South of the Al.
bama and the line above mentioned, was ceded to the
United States bv the treaty with general Jackson. Tnat
part of the cession which falls within tlie Mississippi ter
ritory, amounts probably to about seventeen thousand
square miles, or about as much as the four states of
Rhode Istand, Connecticut, New Jersey and Delaware.
The land however is not generally valuable; a large pro
portion of it is poor pine Liul. That which borders
Florida is very indifferent.
There is euou ;h good land however in the ceded te:
tory to support a v erv respectable population, and there
are already (June, 1816) ir m six to seven thousand souls
settled in tlie county of Monroe, which includes the
ly Been Vneutioned,
‘poor pipe woods between the hew
(whichmis from the Tailapoos? to the Chattahoochee)
and the Spanish fine Of demarcation...Jt o#ght, however,
to>« remarked,that there is good Riff*bordering on the
Conecah/andita different branches, which uniting with
the Escambia, falls into thie Boy of Pensacola, and also-
on the river called fellow Water, and on Chautahatche or
Pea river, which empties itsfclf into St. Rose’s bay.—
These Water course* afford hot ojily good low grounds
but moderate bo<lies.©f pretty good upland, particularly
near the Indian lihe; and it is to be observed, that al
though the maps represent them, otherwise,they all ex
tend and branch out, far up into die country.
* —— Jfa*- * - -
whole ofthe territory relinquished by the Creek Indians,
excepting that which lies within die. limits of Georgia.
There are valuable low grounds, or swamp lands, as
they are called, on the Alabama, from its junction with
sion omot; in doing which they have discharged u duty,
which they owed to tbeir country, in tbei" corporate, as
well as in their individual, capacities. Yes' it is the duty
of every honest patriot, in the nation, to raise 13s voice
against those who aided the passage of the bill in ques
tion. And the Grand Jury‘of Wilkes county for their
firm, energetic, independent, and patritrJc procedure,
- on the occasion, deserve the approbation and the ap
plause of their countrymen. Let those of our National
Delegates to congress, who asskted the passage of the
Compensation Bill, be consigned to that infamy and dis
grace, which their indecorous, avaricious conduct merit;
And those among them "who did not manifest a zeal be
coming the occasion," sink int > that neglect and obsurity
which they deserve. If, however, >he voice of reconcilia
tion can be heard in favor of one of them, we would of
fer, as the subject, most worthy of restoration to public
favor and-confidence, Colonel Alvrxd Ci'Timtirr; who
has on so mapy occasions manifested a public spirit, that
we cannot doubt his patriotism; but let us forbear pane-
with your “eccentricities
naturally growing out," &c. [it might be natural enough
for u* to conclude that your political sentiments, are al-
tojjetber eccentric, when tested by the true principle*
, of republicanism, and that the people of tlus nation
might dispense with them without regretj Wit here we
leave you with your unwarrantable assault
Grand J®*y of Wilke*, together with their presentments
for public judgment. A COUNTRY DEMOCRAT.
Hi* stated in the English papers, that the murderer of
Cardinal Dona's Champlain was sentenced to be beaten
to death, with clubs, and aftewards quartered !
In the beginning of the last century, the murderer of the
Roman Cardinal was flayed alive!
About twenty years ago, a poor English sailor happen
ed to get into a drunken frolic at Naples, and to break
a pane of glass in oneof the Church Wind ows. He was
taken before the inquisition, had both hi* eves torn out,
and then was thrown into a dungeon for lift.!
So much forth* humanity of jwiests. 1 !—Peterstnngh
the Tombigby, covered near the river with gigantic canes;
but falling off afterwards into lower lands, less suscept
ible of cultivation, called cypress sw-mp. High cane-
brake land in this lower country, could no doubt be
profitably cultivated for the Sugar cane,- but it is scarcely
settled at all even up to the oid Indian line, near Tensuw
2) miles above the fork of Tombigby and Alabama; for
there are but few private claims on the river, and the
public lands have never yet been offered for sale. When
you get beyond tlie old line, the country is well settled
near the river and tlie settlement continues twenty miles
above Fort Claiborne; but the best bodies of land do not
come in till you get 35 or 40 mile* above that place.
The land is then good across from tlie Tombigby to the
Alabama, but somewhat broken.
About 6J miles above Fort Claiborne, vast bodies of
stone coal present themselves to the observation ofthe
traveller, and fine, blue, grindstone grit of-the best quali
ty, is also found in great abundance. Coal is likewise
found on the Cahawba, Tombigby, and Black Warrior.
A great many families are ijow settled on the Caliaw-
ba, (a western branch of the Alabama) and the lands on
tlut river are equal in point of quality to those of any
part of the country ceded bv the Creek Indians to gen-
tral Jackson. In the year 1810, general Gaine*, then
captain of tlie 2d regiment of infantry, explored the
country between the waters of the Tombigby and those
of the Alabama and Cahawba, for the purpose of mark-
inga way for a road on the dividing ridge from St. Ste-
Djiens to the Tennessee river, and across the same to
Knoxville. After proceeding one hundred and twenty-
five miles from St. Stephens, he was surrounded by a
large body of Creek Indians and compelled to abandon
the enterprize. He found the country.howevcr, capable
of affording a very good road. It i* now stated that
from the place where he wa* stopped, the distance is
about seventy miles to Turkey town in the Cherokee
country* north of the Alabama* (not the Turkey town
mentioned in the maps) through a beautiful, level valley
of rich upland, and that from Turkey town to Kingston
on the Tennessee, it Is about one hundred and fifty miles
This route therefore is probably the hearest and most
eligible that can be found from Ori<
. .... _ -Jeans to Washington
city, and will hereafter have the advantage of being
through a country more generally setUedtban any which
can possibly be found. Of the one hundred and twenty*
five miles explored by general Gaiitf*, the first sixty
miles from St. Stephens, principally on tlie high ground
•Wetumke, that is, the troubled Wattr.
The Alabama country fbrrfis a part of the district of
Washington in the Mississippi territory, which now comf-
prehends, it is believed, about ’thirty-three thousand
'square miles (excluding Indian lands) and is divided into
eight count.es, one of which however, contains as much
'land as four of the northern states. One judge only ex
ercises tlie judicial functions in the whole of this im
mense country, besides performing the duties of a feder
al judge in all ca>cs in which the United States are con
cerned. The only port of entry is the town of Mobile,
but the greatest share of mercantile business appears at
present to be concentrated at the infant town uf St. Ste
phens, about eighty miles above Mobile.
The governor, secretary and public officers, generally
reside near the Mississippi, abou- three hundred miles
west of the Alabama; and tlie legislate e body also holds
its annual sessions near the w estern limits ot the territory
Mr. Madison „
~ ie go^rotnent, and Uut 15
tt* country would Surely bt disrnc ' Cl:
there ever a moment when this country ir
speclxd het sef, hr was more respected bv othm> V
she occupied a loftier or prouder stutionamohv*h7"
era Of'the earth? ^ ie K..
■yVe have emerged from a second contest with r
t}\e greatest nations of the world, with greyer ' e
dence hi ourselves, and with a lustre of which r C ° : '
guage cam give die description. Otir featy*-
the wonder of the v
world—Our flag lowers sublime
can count a second roll of heroes—Yet these tri\
were cpiincd when James Madison was president ot
_ In Europe, the name of an American is a passu,on .
rebpett—Yet this is under the administration of j
Madison: #. ^
We have brought the States of Barbar to ourfee..
front their hard bosoms, wru g rciuctant justice "
rouikd,such a maddening sense of jealousy in u 7i ' M
tisli nation, as to produce a sham and* ridiculous am, .' JNi
tlie £tyvalry, which flhey had nrtt the magn .run.J’ y '\.
equal—Yet tlus waa under the adminisiration of J *
son.-- f n
A single frigate has demanded justice fr m the - n W
gant sovereign . <
Without a tribute
. . of Carthagena—and it w us gr 4 , •
ite cr any remuneration, the prut
have flown open, and our countrymen giti n t j .
—Yet tliis was too under the administration of M
We cannot speak in sufficiently high terms of
of our countrymen—yet surely soruediiny ,s do,
“chief w ho now commands.”—Richmond
*J\Tu bead is at your feet, said the <ley of A’g
LATEST FROM ENGLAND.
Norfolk, August 12.
The ship Pocahontas, captain liatton, arrived here on
Saturday in forty-three days fr ni Liverpool, and has
brought London dates to the 24tb June. I o an es
teemed friend we are indebted for a file of the London
Statesman up to that date, from which we have nude
some extracts for this day’s paper. No event to which
any importance couid be attached had occurred in Eu
rope; tranquility reigned throughout tlie continent.
1-omws, July 24.
Tlie house of commons propose to adjourn next Wed
nesday till tlie Tuesday following, to admit of the-lords
bringing u their arrtar of business; and it is expected
that the session will tciuiiuoLcabout Wednesday, tlie 3d
of next month.
Letters from Lancashire mention three more failures
in a large manufacturing town in that county, to tin
amount of (rJO,UO0i. Two of them traded to New-York,
and the other to Boston.
Extract of a letter from Malta, dated 22d of May
“We are a good deal alarmed hero about the rebelious
piratical expedition, or rather excursion of the Tunisian
squadron, which we Have certain accounts have arrived
at Modena, on tlie More*.”
Paris, Juae 16.
“The last letters from London announce, in h very ^,r>.
sitive munner, that the letters which the Jo’omal, -.. iV c j
The Col tier, intendt.l to publish. s ,„l of . '
spoke m our p.per of yesterday, relate t Q tiie conduct of
. .nosttmpst peKOnage Who is a t -p t „ int trsv.rsin-
Ute Lcv a „t. It u> behoved that tile pibheation of thesS
letter, have a very eitr.ordhi a ry result.
London, Jui 4 e 19.
We have received the Pari* papers of Friday last—
they are still occupied with, tlie preparations for the duke
de Berne s marriage, which was to take place yesterday.
T ne execution of Diflier passed witliout any attempt to
disturb the puhlic tranquility. During liis trial, lie con
stantly described himseif as a chief of rebels and not of
robbers. He spoke much of the evils to which France
was exposed—and alluded to a work he had written upon
religion; yet be evinced no repentance, observing mere
ly that he was deceived with respect to his means; tlut
he thought he should have succeeded; that experience
had shewn him the few resource* that conspirators pos
sessed at present. After his condemnation, he had a
conference with general Donadieu, whicii lasted between
two and throe hours. Some important information
transpired during the trial. He declared he had no
chief above him. His wife anti children were introduced
to him, and upon tlie former’s proposing to throw herself
at the feet of the king, he replied, that it was as well his
fate should lie accomplished—Uut he died in good senti
ments—uut if his majesty pardoned him, tlitre was no
reason to expect he should become better, since he had
not been able to remain good and faithful.
The secret interrogatories of the 28 persons to be tried
for treason have commenced before M. Deseze, Uie pre
sident of the court of assize.
Augcreau died on the 12th.
“The Sieurs de Bruix, the son and nephew ofthe admi
ral of that name, convicted of having held seditious dis-
courses in tiie village of Bounellcs, (Semstet Oise) were
condemned on the 29th of May by the tribunal ofKam-
bouiliet to six months imprisonment, 500 fraj.es fine, to
be deprived of their pay as retired officers during one
year, and to be placed for five years under the surv eil
lance ofthe high police.
The factious prints, (particularly of Marvlatv'
lately made a great butdry about the balances uh,
found standing open against certain gentlemen ,
reasury books; particularly Mr. Pinkney unj c
Monroe, (tlie last for less than gK'OU.} Nov., ,t
understood, by those who know cuiythiue of t,\ ,
that these b..lances may appear, when thero is r,
due; because the proper voucher may be lost « rn
and yet tlie uccounUnt will not balance t!.«
without it. Questions may arise, too where an indi
may tliink himself entitlul* to an offset; and pc rhT
accountant is at a loss how to act. Goioncl mJ.’-
for instance, settled up his account to an incons-.
sum; he claims certain crtd»ts; if the items be s< :■
one principle, he brings the govcrmiKn’ in hi
r, he owes the balance which stands
Since Mr. Pinkney’s arrearage has been spokm
public prints, he lias ibsclurged the balance again,-'
and the last Federal Republican has been conipeli-
confess the mortifying fact.
.These prints sliould n-collect, that some of ther
favorites have been apparently defaulters t thetix
—Such, for instance, w„s the case of \ir Pickerinc
pmk of perfection, a few years ago .—Richmond Eur.
ELECTION SCENE IN ENGLAND.
The Morning Chronicle of June 10, has a verv humor
ous account ofthe riot at Liverpool, at the late'election.
Among the inflammatory sentences placarded before
Canning’s arrival tlie re, were these:
“No itinerate orators!—Casey forever!—Down with all
table-cloth speakers!—Walcheren and Castlereagh for
* ! —May the next shot take place in front!"—(alluding
to tne duel between Castlereagh and Caniung, in which
the latter was wounded in the hip,) See.
The mob dragged a Mr. Gladstone, a member of the
Canning committee, from his bed, “and forming a circle
in the street, placed him in the centre on his knees, and
brutally forced him to swallow a copy of the departed
income-tax act.” A regiment of cavalry arrived and »lhr-
persed the disturbers. But, now Canning’s procession
appeared, and Casey’s men encountered them; C.reeks
against Trojans. Among the incidents of the fray, are
“It was in vain that earl Morley displayed on high
the patent of his earldom—it was in vain that he assert
ed his right to that name, both from inclination, and the
purchase of Saltram—a mallet, well directed bv an insur
gent carpenter, forgetful of hi* relationship, came in con
tact with the earl’s head, and put a stop for a time to hi*
remonstrances. And now the president Canning, with
a courage worthy of a better cause, mounted liis travel,
ling platform. The short hand writer opened his note
book, and the bes. hopes were augured from the success
of the oration. But unfortunately an effigy of lord Cas
tlereagh, stuff ed for the occasion, took effect, from sym
pathy probably, in the seat of honor, and both the orator
and oration fell to the ground.’ 5 — Columbian.
In the recent election at Liverpool, England, several
outrages were committed by the mob, and it was reported real CaUSe
two or three Americans were among the rioters; but the
ship masters attended examinations, and no individual
J* ld !" t f5 ed “J^uging to this country; and all
‘ -t had t
the crews of the American vessels i
carefully kept on board their respectative vessels during
the election—New-York peper. 6
mZ^!T*i nn ;i' 1VW ? ia Re P u . blican electoral ticket recom
mended by the democratic republican memh»r.
mended by tiie democratic republican members of:
sembly at Harnsburrfi, March 11, 1816, will be elected
by a majority of not lew than 20,000 votes, and every man
that ticket, will nH »mok
on thatticket, will, previously to the el^SiSK
ed to vote for James Monroe as presidef^uid Darnel D
1 — —'“■‘““‘ ''t*/, and every nA of
Tompkini a* vice president,
honorably redeem their
of them will
Poor lUras.-If ,vc righrir ilnd*- st . rd
mtnts which have just reac.'ied ls .,.*. v „ ,
necticut amount to about * * J.-!’ j U " ^ oor r ‘ ' ’ i -f I
gr.r Jo being giro, - s „ ‘|'‘ r |
pers for six mo , *’th« • *' 0St m^mtairung
April 31.jp,a W«<P b£ “'K melu.irj; a
only >V, > ^ u ttiig which the average nuu.he.
M^ssacm Neits, the niajmen.«nc.
Ol CO^ the people of tliat state fori.
i e -iT\
The United population of those states in 1810
862.2o7 souls—now not los tiuin 950,uuu, ait",ji 1
emigration from them has been so immense; ^
unit .-d amount for supporting the poor is l c
to a little more (about tlie 10th of a cu.'T iL, ....
cents for dvery “tax contributing indivicu.."~Dtr»yas* I
There is in this result a good deal to satisfy u.e ui—« I
of the Weekly Register, as serving to shew to Us I
dvrs the care and reflection with which, in ti;e abs , " 1
of documentary matter, he has advanced some of KisZ J
In the laborious letter to Mr. Cotbett. inserted i- H
last volume, see the second part, page ^*9, * e sti
that the cost of maintaining the poor in the Vnne.
States, generally, was, for every other person, ato:
fourteen cents per annum. This sum was put down fiv*
an average result of several counties in tiie middle sus
tlie tacts i>eionging to which were obtained with > :
traoie trouble—regulated bv a careful view of *h Cl -
dition of society; but yet it was, in some degree, sit'; -
ry. The above However, convinces us that" we u\4 .
nearly ngi.t as, perhaps, it was possible to be- tin! C
the cost of maintaining the poor is, to each otlur •ktxd
in tlie United States, about fourteen cents a year.
A careful attention to such matters as this, v .ojtj |i
volumes of speculations and essays o,i gournnur-l
Practice lauglis at theory.
By referring to the letter above ailuded to r-f
lowing curious and important facts at.pear—tl ■
maintenance of a pauper in the Ui ueo States wus j
posetlto cost the people about forty jive dollars a v
wnile in England, such maintenance appear. 1 •<> c .■
ly fourteen dollars, although the price of bread .n in
there, at the time the calculation was made, >
equal to double its average for the United Si* Trs T
(m England) must then have lived upm
per than bread and meat. Nouvithsta'
economy, we had also tliis result—iJan „ M1IV VI
ofthe United States were paying omv/,vrr ( > ( r •
to keep their poor in a little comfort, the En-iisi.«
mjmgffiye hundred and sixty nine cents. eacii,°i> ir-1
keep their poor from immediate starvation.—.V, -v' It
ly Register, 10th inst.
i son.et:Dig cl
We understamUhat Joseph Bonaparte, formerly kA't
bpain, has purchased the seat of Stephen Sa\rt ’< <
led Point Breeze, near Burdenton, and about twerr J
miles from this ertyt and that he intends maknit
future residence.—Philadelphia Aw.ra
The following toast was drank at Windsor. Vi 03 th:
“’J'hi Fair.—We will surrender to no
s but theirs
“WHITE SLAVES IN AFRICA.”
A friend at Bordeaux has forwarded a pamphlet to
the edicore, consisting of “documents annexed to tht n-
port of the president of the reunion ofthe knights iitn-
ratoraof thewhite sUvesin Africa, assembled at Vicr-
5* r? (among the legitimate enslavers of white me* ]
It exhibits several instances of wanton crueltv, in the Bv
bary powers, and miserable account* of serv itude ard
suffering. “According to the last report of the Mi*
nonanratn the North of Africa, published under the au
thority of the pope, the number of Christian Slaves cf-ll
countries, and all denomination*, Of £he Barturv sv*
of Morocco, Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli, exceeded hi:/
one thousand.” There are near four times as mam
t»on* of “white slaves” in Europe- and, in France ..-ti
Ireland, they are treated almost as cruelly as ir. Airier?
These documents are translated, and “published bv per
mission ’ at Pans, this present year. \Ve shall mvkc
some extracts from them now and then.— v V. T. paper.
WALTER SCOTT’S VISION OF DON RODERICK,
This prom, with the exception ofthe execrable exteh-
e-"" v <*" l“«le of tVaterioo,iskootrh tohetHeto-
estofall the nrcluctions of Walter Scott'a pel Th,
ofthe mftnoriy is not so well undewoed-
hmiself apologises to his readers free, hi,
“task oeing most cruelly interrupted by the sui-eeM!™
deaths of lord president Blair anS lord Viscount Mel-
rtlle It may by be recollected that lord Mdrillc
died at his nephew’s house in Edinburgh, 'he
day alter the funeral of lord president Biair. The
reason of his lordship’s death was „ot publi-lv men-
Thetruth ia, he W'aa carried off in anapon>
g reduced by a drinking match between him and Walter
cott, commenced after the fiitw>nl Uriid tiro- I dhrrl
-- . ; ... . . —0.1 waa over.
Melville at this death, a reported in the perinff of six
hoursto have drunk a dOxeei bottle,of pok The poet',
head wasnot so stout. Afterawaliowingthectmtentsof
omo bottlM, breaking UHea, chairs and glasses, he fed
upon Hie Boor. The eicestive intoxication brought 00.
a ftiw, which conBncd ME 8cott to his bed for two
monjha. In thisperiod hc composed diose verses ahidi
BdfflUOalhe ethers of Don Dorerick.—Pcur>b.rg h-