Bol'Tli KRS TRI li IIN K•'
U 11. IS. HAKKISONi, )
asd X Editors.
nil. i». iiAimiso.v)
From the Southern Press.
To Joliii J. Cril tension,
Attorney General of the United States :
The office which you hold is becoming
one of great importance, and 1 fear, us
some danger to the countiy. It seems lobe 1
growing in this country, to the Presidetr,
wbat tiie ministry is iiiFugland tothelving. !
“The Ring cun do no wrong,” says the |
English law, but the ministry must be |
held lespousible. In this countiy, Mr.
Fiilmore seems disposed to establish, for
the present at least, the doctrine that the
President can do no wrong, but that it
shall all be laid to the Attorney General,
and truly sir, you seem to he a very wil
ling or a very blind agent in the matter.
Has Mr. Fillmore so far committed him
self upon the subject of abolition, that lie
cannot, with a good grace, give his assent
to the Fugitive Slave hill without destroy
ing himself with those old fiiends of hts,
and is yet pressed on all sides to sanction
it, in order to save the Union / He calls!
upon the Attorney General for his opinion
as to the constitutionality of the law. The
Attorney General has no doubt of the con
stitutional power of Congress to pass it,
and Mr. Fillmore is at once relieved, lie
says to his friends, “you know 1 cannot
veto anything, except unconstitutional or
hasty legislation ; my Attorney General
says it is perfectly constitutional, and we j
all know that we have been too long about '
it to pretend to call it hasty. So you see
my friends, we shall have to let it go
along ; it’s a dead letter anyhow.”
Well, this difficulty over, presently an
other one arises—an attempt is made in
Boston to execute the law. The Presi
dent all the time, by way of sustaining,
and “giving aid and comfort” at home, to
those who had betrayed the South, has
been swearing, most vehemently, that the
law should be executed at all hazards.that
lie would forthwith turn any marshal out
of office who should fail to discharge his
duty, and would concentrate the whole
aimy and navy of the United S:ates, up
on any mob which should resist the execu
tion of the law. Here is a mau bold, en
ergetic, fearless and intelligent, in Boston
for weeks, doing his best to have the law
executed in the arrest of two fugitive
slaves, who were there in the open light
of day—known by everybody to ho so—
and yet such a man as Hughes, with all
the power of the United States at his back,
cannot have them arrested under that law.
Now here is a fix.—the tire eaters at
the Sou'll have been predicting that the
law would not be enforced. Here is a
failure in a case that was made to prove
that it could and would be. What is to he
done in the premises 1 It is denied that
there has been any resistance—not only
denied, hut made a matter of boasting—
juit let them resist and the President will
_ crush them at once. It is admitted that
the negroes were in the city and that ev
erybody knew where they were—hut yet,
Hughes cannot get them arrested. Com
plaint is made to the President against
tlie officer—and what is the consequence?
AV hy the President refers to his Attorney
General, to know whether there is sufli
cient cause to dismiss him from office ! !
If the President should turn this marshal
out of office, the people of the North
would see and feel at once, that the law
was not, according to the understanding,
to he a dead letter ; they would see and
feel that they must either submit to it and
carry it out in good faith, or resist it open
ly- This would at once array the whole
North against .Mr. Fillmore—it would in
a moment, hush into the silence of death,
nine-tenths of those patriotic voices, which
clamor for obedience to the laws. But
still something must he done to appease if
not to satisfy the South. What is it ?
Why we have an Attorney Geneial who
is a Southern man—lie is the legal adviser
of the President—if we can get from him
an opinion that the marshal ought not to
be dismissed, perhaps it will do. Recent
events have shown that the South is much
more submissive than we had supposed; at
all events this is the best vve can do, and
we must try i\ The North must not be a
roused,whether the South is satisfied or no.
The Southern Attorney General gives
the opinion, and what is it? That he
6ees no good reason why the marshal
should he dismissed from office ! ! How,
Mr. Crittenden, could you come to this
conclusion, with the facts staring you in
the face, that the negroes were there, and
that it was known to every man in Boston
where they could he found ? that the mar
shal had in his hands the warrant for their
arrest, and that the agent for the owners
was constantly urging him to execute it ;
and the further (act that nobody was re
sisting the arrest. It is true, you kindly
and hy inference, censure the marshal by
saying that he might have exercised a lit
tle more diligence and energy. What do
you understand, Mr. C., by diligence and
\nergy " hy. if the statements which ;
your friends here have made have any !
truth in them, there was neither diligence I
nor energy required. If it was true that
there neither was nor would be resistance
to the law in Boston, it required nothing
more than that the officer should have
gone along and arrested the slaves. Ouo
thing is certain—there was no resistance,
and your officer did not exercise diligence
and energy enough to render resistance
necessary to the escape of the fugitives.
Mr. Crittenden : suppose that the mail
had been robbed, that it was dearly and
distinctly known hy whom the robbery
bud been committed, that mm of your
marshals lied in Ids hands n warrant, for
the urrest, of the offender— that ho was, to
the knowledge ol the officer and evetybo
dy else, within ten minutes walk of him,
that the post office agent was all the time
urging him to make the arrest, and that
for ten days he was to refuse to make the
ariest, and that the robber should at last
conclude that the officer might some dav
conclude to arrest him, and should take
himself oIT into some foreign country ; do
you think that Mr. Fillmore, upon having
these tacts represented to him, would ev
er inquire of you whether the officer ought
to be dismissed ? and if be should, do you
I think it would ever enter into your head
to say, that you could m all this see no
“good reason why he should be dismissed.”
Do you think you would let him off by
saying that “he might have everrised a
little more diligence and energy? ’ Would
you not rather say that his conduct had
manifested a grossness of negligence,
which amounted to corruption, for which
he ought to he forthwith disgraced and
discharged ? \et sir, the marshal was ns
much bound to arrest William and Ellen
Grafts, as he would he under those cir
cumstances to arrest the robber ! —and,
sir, when the country comes to look calin
i ly atul dispassionately at the circumstan
ces and the result of that case, there
will be great difficulty in finding anv so
lution of the course pursued by the Pres
ident and yourself, which will not fix
upon both of you the wilful and improper
disregard of your duty.
I' °r myself, sir, I believe that the mar
shal acted under instructions from Wash
ington. It is difficult to believe that a
j man would, in the face of the strong dec
larations of the President, so utterly re
fuse to discharge his du v, without an as
sonance that he should be held harmless.
1 believe, as much as l believe anything
L do not know, that the e were tegular
communications between \\ ashington and
Boston, and that the course of the mar
shal was tegu.'ated by the character of the
communications from Washington. Mr.
Fihmore would no doubt have been verv
glad, just then, that they should be peace
ably and quietly delivered up, but lie
knew that would not he done —ho dared
not use the fotce of the government to
I have it done , that would set all the North
aga.nst him. It would not do at that time
to have a for ilde and successful resist
ance of the law—that would operate too
fatally at the South the elections were
just coining on in Georgia, and it would
k; i 1 oombs ntid|6iephcns there. The only
tiling then to escape all the difficulties,was
to let the officer dal y alongas best lie could
until the negroes could he prevailed upon
to escape. I say prevailed upon, for they
for a longtime manifested no disposition
to do so—they felt secure in the protection
of their Boston niends. 1 have no doubt
all this was arranged in Washington, and
it would make a beautiful chapter if we
could have exhibited in full all the threats,
entreaties and promises that were made
before the object could he effected.
Finally it was effected, but the difficul
ties were not all over. 'I lie law was pot
executed, though there was no resistance.
1 lie fire-eaters ol the South are making a
handle oi it—complaint is made against
the officer. What is to he done? The
President dare not turn him out, as I sup
pose, for two reasons. Ihe first is, he is
afraid of the North poor South ! nobody
is afraid of her!—The second is that the
marshal evidence of justification,
and if he was turned out of office he
would expose it. This last, Mr. Critten
den, is only my opinion, but I have no
doubt of the truth of it. It will not do
then to turn the marshal out of office, but
some show must be made of a disposition
to do justice to the South—and tlie opin
ion of the Attorney General is sufficient.
I shall have occasion shortly, Mr. At
torney General, to address you upon your
opinion as to the constitutionality of the
Fugitive slave law. SOOTH.
'l’ll* President's Proclamation.
“Whereas, information having been re
ceiveil, that sundry lawless persons, prin
cipally persotfs ot color having confedera
ted together for the purpose of opposing,
hy force,the execution ofthe laws ofthe U.
States, did, at Boston, Mass., on the 15th
of this month, make violent assault on the
Marshal and Deputy Marshal of the U.
Slates, for tho District of Massachusetts,
in the Court House; and did overcome said
officers,and did by force rescue from their
custody a person arrested as a fugitive slave
and there a prisoner, lawfully holden by
said Marshal or Deputy Marshal of the U.
States; and other scandalous oultages did
commit in violation of tho law.
Now, therefore, to the end that the au
thority of laws may he maintained, and
those concerned in violating them, brought
to immediate and c.oiuligvi j»uni*l»rnent f 1
have issued this, my Proclamation, calling
on all well disposed citizens, to rally to
the support ot the laws of their countiy,
and requiring and commending all officers,
Civil and Military, who shall be found
within the vicinity of this outrage, to be
! aiding or assisting, by all means in their
power, in quelling ibis and oilier such
| combinations, and to assist the Marshal
; and Deputies, in re-capturing tho above
1 mentioned prisoner; and 1 no especially
j direct, that prosecutions be commenced
j against all persons who have made them
] selves aiders and abettors in or to this fla-
I grant, offence ; aud further commend, that
-the District attorney if the United States,
j atul all other persons concerned in the ad.
I ministration or execution ofthe laws ofthe
i United States, to cause the foregoing of-
J fenders, and a’l such as aided, abetted or
assisted them, or shall be found to have
harbored ot concealed such fugitives, e ni
tf-iry to law, to lie immediately anc-ted
and proceeded with accord ini; to law.
Signed MIUUAJM) FIUUMOh’H.
i Daniel W liisteb, .Secretary of State.”
MACON, G A •
SATURDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 22.
IPTWe take pleasure in calling the attention
of our readers to Dr. U esdkee's Scientific En
tertainment at Concert Hall on .Monday night.
Dr. ll’a Apparatus is perhaps the finest in the
country, and his illustrations have been generally
admired. See advertisement.
.ErWe would direct the attention of those in
want of any kind of Iron Railing or Plain and
Orname'utal Iron Work, to the advertisement ot
Messrs. More et Gallagher, in another
column. They are prepared to execute orders
with despatch and upon favorable terms.
To otic Patrous.
With this number of our Paper, the Southern
Tribune will be discontinued. We shall short
ly remove our office to Savannah, where we
design publishing a Daily Evening Paper.
In taking leave of our friends and patrons,
we shall make hut a few brief remarks. We
have met with many friends in this city and
surrounding country, whose generous patronage
we have endeavored in some degree to merit.—
We hope, with their permission, to cultivate a
more intimate and valuable acquaintance with
them in the extended sphere upon which we are j
about to enter. If there has been aught to mar
the good feeling existing between us and our
readers, it has been occasioned hy no malicious
design nor party purpose. We may have dif
fered with some of them upon the great politi
cal questions of the das, hut our opinions were
candid, and we were conscientious in express
ing them. We have no apology to make.
In conducting the Daily Eccning Delta
vannah, ive shall andeavor to sustain the inter
ests of the South against theinterfercnce of her
adversaries. Our object shall be to furnish the
politician w ith a journal of liberal principles,
in which all parties shall receive justice ; the
farmer shall, through the Weekly Delta , at once
obtain a compendium of the latest news, and a
large amount of agricultural reading, together
with a statement of the markets, &.c ; and the
miscellaneous reader shall always find the
spices of w it and humor of original manufacture
and from other sources.
Those of our present subscribers who desire
to patronize either the Daily, Tii-W eekly, ot
Weekly Delta will please inform us as soon as
convenient. See Prospectus in nnothercolumn.
All persons having demands against the un.
dersignerJ will please present them for payment
arid those indebted to us w ill confer a favor bv
paying up the amount due immediately. Those
living at a distance will have '.heir bills sent to
them, and they will please remit the amount to
us at Macon, without delay, and thus perform
an act of justice. Pay up gentlemen, as this is
our first dun. to many of you. Respectfully,
WM. li. HARRISON.
Macon, Ga , Feb. 22, lrffil.
Out! Exchanges.—Thankful for the courtesy
heretofore extended to us hy our brethren of
the press, we would respectfully request their
exchange with the Savannah Evening Delta,on
receipt of the Ist No.
Another r arcs. in Boston.—A fugitive slave
hy the name of Shadrauii was arrested on the
loth iiiet , and rescued by i» mob of negroes and
whites, whereupon the President issued his
Proclamation, which will be found in another
column. It wits received with derision by the
slave’s attorney. We presume that the Presi
dent’s fiat w ill have no other effuetthan to afford
a little consolation to the subrnissionists, in lieu
of the lost property and violated laws.
Fire in Griffin.—We regret to learn that a
fire occurred at Griffin on Sunday last, bv which
property valued at £30,000 was destroyed.—
The fire originated in the store of Mrs. Morris,
which was insured for £3,000 in Savannah.
Instruction for Slaves.—The Treasurer of
the South Carolina Conference of the M. E.
Church, South, reports the sum of £17,700 as
the amount collected during the past year for
the support of missions, which is expended in
the support of preachers to the slaves on the
Twins.—Carroll county, (in , has fifty-four
sets of twins, and Abbeville District, S. C.,'
ninety-three sets. A friend of ours, in Jackson
county, Ga., has sir sets of twins in his family-
Education.—The amount appropriated du
ring the past year for school purposes in New
Jersey, was £151,940 62, being an increase of
£32,538 02 over the appr ipriation of the prece
ding year. The number of children between
the ages of 5 and 16 reported as residing in the
Bta'e, is 114,162, es whom 75,245 attended
school for a greater or less period during the
year, being ari increase of 5,192.
iLr ahe Governor of iiiinois, in a message
ito the Legislature, says—“ For the first time m
a series of years, the revenue of Illinois, ex
elusive ol that devoted to specific purposes, is
sufficient to meet the demands on the Treasury.
The amount of the State debt is $16,617,509 91
Veteran Clergymen.—The senior in the
ministerial office in Boston, is Rev. Dr. Lowell,
who settled in 1606. Dr. Sharp was settled in
1812. Rev. Hosea Bollou in 1617. Rev. Mr.
Streeter and Dr. Gannet in 1824. Ilnv. Sanruul
Barrett, I). D., nr 1825.
Wonderful Dog.— A returned California
dog has made his appearance at his old home,in
, Burlington, lowa. He was the property of a
.Mr. Pearson, who came home by the steamer -
and it is supposed that the dog, having been
j left behind, look the most direct route home,
anil made an overland trip alone !
Healthy Peace—Marion county, Virginia
is so healthy lh.it the rairioount Ennui r cannot
I < bt.-un a single il< atli to publish. A m in, whom
i the editor thought to be dead, appeared to him
I on h o m back as lie w as writing hi* obituary !
There seems to be no principle so sacred, no
cause so holy, that will not be sacrificed by tie
signing men for the spoils of office, and the
possession of power. In vain do we look for
the bunds of brotherhood, of birth and obliga
tion to enforce unanimity upon the people of
the South. So long as men of talent can sway
the opinions of others; so long as great men
can he swerved by hopes of self-aggrandize
ment ; so long as the pluflf. submit to the dic
tation of party leaders, just so long w.ll treason
breathe its infectious breath upon our prospects,
and ruin stalk abroad in the laud.
lias the Southern portion of this confederacy
suffered any injury from the action of the Na'
tiona! Legislature ? Who can doubt it ? The
Missouri Compromise—the California iniquitv |
—the Oregon territorial bill too plainlv proclaim !
the great Southern interest contracted, limited,
and upon the eve of precarious existence, if
not of certain destruction. The vast opposing
forces that are harmonizing upon the platfi>rm
of ‘he Free-soil monomania, bringing to their
aid the puissant strength of a National Execu
tive ; a House of Representatives and Senate in
the Congress of the Country ; and the efficient
inactivity of submissionism in the South, are
writing the doom, either of the American
Union, orof Southern liberty. Shall we choose
between the two ? The organ of a successful
party clique, with the key to the National
Treasury in its band, may pay its homage to
the vapory shadow of freedom, w hilst it wears
the chain of ignominious slavery ; the itine
rant adventurer, whose educational pivdilec
tions, home, friends, and established interests
are against us, but who stops among us for a
few months to carve out his fortune from our
luxuriant clime ; —the squalid mendicant seek
ing tire purse and the honors of the Presidency,
— these may breathe “fire and slaughter” against
the friends of Equality and Southern Rights
but tiie man whose portion exists on Southern
soil ; whose hopes and fears, joys and sorrows,
are the common property of the South, must
feel with one ofold, that “live or die, sink or
switr*, we are compelled to maintain our equal
ity in the Union, or our independence out of it.
This is the true issue, let it be disguised by
whomsoever it may. Whether the epithet of
“traitor” or “di.sunionist” be applied to the
Southern Rights man is of no consequence. A
spirit that can be frightened hy names only, is
unworthy of the cause. All the compounded
abuse of King George anil his Ministry did not
make \\ ashington a traitor—nor can the point
less maledictions of King Fillmore aid his
trumpet-blowers make the Southern Rights
Party the enemies of peace and Republican
Union, or disfranchise them in their allegiance
to the South.
Where are the friends of the South ? In tire
North ? Alas ! the day for liberal sentiment
North of Mason Dixon’s line is past. We
have seen the number of our friends among the
statesmen ot the North dwindle down to a cv
pher, nnd the people of the Free States will
hencelorw aid elect no man w hose abolition prin
ciples are not distinctly defined, whether lie he
Whig or Democrat. What reliance can we
place in the empty professions of the so-called
“Union” men at the North? Ilow do they
propose to save the Union ? By insulting our
common sense in bidding us to he content w ith
obeying the laws of a hostile Congress ! They
tell us that they wish peace returned to a dis
tracted country —hut they take not a singie step
to produce that peace! They say that their
love for “this glorious Union” is ardent—and
well it may he ! England's affection for Ireland
is st-ong and binding, for her revenues in a
great measure proceed therefrom—and the Fed
eral Government loves the South for the same
reason : but who is willing that our sunny home
should become the down-trodden Ireland of the
American Monarchy ? Yet to this very point
Union without equality must inevitably lead.—
The South is in the minority—and minorities
are, in a popular government, at the mercy of
the majorities, unless they be held in check by
some balance of power capable of keeping the
equilibrium of legislative power. But we have
no such check—the South lias neither President,
Senate, nor House. JY or can we ever get cither,
so long as we preach and practice submission.
Where is Daniel Webster ? a veritable
friend to the Union indeed—hut to what Union
that of sovereign States, governed in justice
and equity ? No, no ! He favors a Consolida
ted Union ; a Union that concentrates the iden
tity ofeaelr State into a Federal centre—whence
the laws are to emanate, to whose sacred man
date every knee must how ; a Union where the
majority reigns supreme, nnd where the power
ful North can rule the weaker South. Southern
men ! do jou want that Union ?
Where is Millard Fillmore ? Hr. loves
the Union,and adorestiie“Constitutional Union
Party,” and why ? lie hopes to secure another
term in the Presidency—they know his Free
Soilism at the North, and for that they will vote
for him there—and Federal pap-suckers will
support him in the South : through the hobby
of Union he hopes to be elected. Do Southern
men desire a one-sided Union, and an Abolition
What is New York doing to calm the agitated
feelings of the South ? She stands with the
uplifted lance, undecided whether she shall
rntofT the feet, pierce the heart, or decapitate
the head of Southern Equality. She loves the
Union, hut she hates the man who dared to
speak a word for the South—sheloves the Union'
hut it is Seward’s Union which she is striving
to maintain. Georgians ! will you glorify that
Wh it is Ohio doing for tlio “peace and quiet ’
of t lie country 1 She adores the Union—yet is
undetermined whether to mount a thirty-two or
a seventy-four pounder on the Federal battery
at Washington, to pour ruin and devastation on
the interests of the South. Sho is willing to lih*
orate the sht\« » of the South, hut presently sho
will prohibit them from settling w ithin her bor
der, a* Indiana has already done. She wishes
to preserve the Union, because she can then
walk arin in arm with the South, while her
Abolition dagger is searching for the heart of
her victim ! Southerners ! would you be glad
to aid that Union ?
We are told that the North is “conservative!"’
TJie canting hypocrites who say so, are speak,
ing in the face of indubitable evidence to the
contrary. How uiiLlushingly do some of the
wire-pullers appeal' to the patriotic motives of
the people to sustain the most un-patriotic of all
causes—the Abolition crusade ! There is no
hope iu Northern mercy—the Southern people
must redress their own wrongs, or the North
w ill certainly multiply them.
The Nf.w Light.— Mr. George P. Paine
brother of the inventor, has published a very
sensible and plausible letter, assigning as a rea
son for not fully exhibiting the operation of the
discoveries to the public, that bis brother hits
not yet been able to overcome the danger of ex
plosions, which take place at a hange of at
mosphere from fair to foul.
O’ Martin F. Topper, the celebrated author
of “Proverbial Philosophy,” etc., is expected
to visit this country within the next six months.
o“Advertising in newspapers “has enlarged
many a small business ; has revived many a dull
business; has recovered many a lost business »
has preserved many a large business; and ha s
created many anew business.”
Black \Y alnut Some of the ship builders
say that black walnut is a better timber for ship
building than live oak, and that its high price
is the only reason why it is not largely used.—
An Ohio paper says there is enough of this val
uable timber split into fence rails every year in
that State to build the national marine of the
A Just Rebuke.—Francis Bowen, Esq.
Professor of History in Harvard University’
was renominated for the office—but the Senate
rejected him by a vote of 35 ayes to 39 nays.—
Mr. Bowen is the man who wrote the abusive
and Jihcllom articles about Ivossuth and Hun
gary, in the North American Review.
More Wonders-—The “ninth wonder of
the world” has been discovered in Wisconsin.
It is a cave extending under the greater portion
of two counties. One field of lead ore was
found three miles in extent ! A water fall is in
the cave, and a lake thirty.seven feet deep. A
party lately passed three days in making explo
(O’ The six members who composed
Harrison's Cabinet are now all assembled at
Washington, and in the enjoyment of perfect
health. Ten years have rolled by since they
were called to the Capital to form a Whig ad.
ministration, and yet the time has made little
if any serious impression upon any one of this
number. There are few more remarkable ex
amples of any eqoal number of men, who be
came connected together in the same period of
life, being in such a stale of preservation now.
Two of the six, Mr. Webster and Mr. Critten
den, are members of the present Administra
Pennsylvania Railroad.— The Annual Re
port ot the Board of Directors of the Pennsyl
vania Railroad Company, has just been submit
ted to the Stockholders. It comprises the pe.
j rind between October Ist, 1849, and December
31st 1850. The receipts of the Company on
account of the capital stock, were £5,822,210.
The disbursements, $5,095,496 Balance, £726,-
663. Amount of subscriptions yet to be collect
ed, £1,013,640. Thus the available means of
the Company for the prosecution of the work,
amount to £1,740,303. The Eastern Division
of the road has been completed to the Tyrone'
Forges, and in a manner entirely satisfactory to
Fashion.—An evening party by a fashiona
ble lady in New York, recently, is estimated
to have cost £15,000. There were present 1200
guests, and the splendor was almost “Monte
Christo” magnificence. A Now York paper
says of this display of wealthy folly :—“Some
of the apartments were more gorgeously deco
rated than were those prepared by the French,
in the grand Trianon at Versailles, for the re
ception of Queen Victoria ; and there were
others ornamented whh sucli true pictorial ef
fect as would have done honor to the genius and
and taste of Marie Antoinette.’’
The Prussian Press.—ln Prussia, counting
all the territories composing the kingdom, there
existed prior to the royal decree respecting the
press dated sth June, 1850, a grand total of
journals amounting to 809. Os these, 282 were
devoted to literature, science and the arts. —
The rest were political, and of these, 150
were Ministerial nr Conservative, 201 of the
Opposition. These figures give as an average
of one journal for 20,186 inhabitants.
A Wholesale Tanner.—The Hon. Zadoc
Pratt, of Prattville, Greene county, N. Y.,snid
to he the greatest tanner in the world, intends
to send specimens of leather produced at each
of his seven extensive tanneries, to the World's
l air at London. It is stated that he has con
sumed in the course of his business, 200,000
cords of w ood, tanned 1,000,000 sides of leath
er, and employed and fully paid 30,000 men.—
He has also represented his district in Congress.
fTr* The first bank under the general law of
New Jersey has been organized, and the re
quired certificate filed with the Secretary of
State. It is to be called tiie Ocean Dank, and
to be located at Bergen Iron Works, in Ocean
county. The capital is $50,000, and is secured
by U. S. six per cent, stock.
U The Oregon Spectator says that a coal
mine has been discovered in Admiralty inlet, op
superior quality, and in quantity sufficient to
propel all the steamers that now float on the Pa.
clfic for centuries to come.
It is a remarkable fact that in ticcntiifire nut
of 31 States, there are now Democratic Govern
ors. The 6 States which have Whig Govornms,
are Vermont, Rhode Island, New York, Penn
s) Iranis, Florida and Kentucky.
Preamble and Resolutions,
Adopted hy the Southern Rights Convention
Recently held at Montgomery, Alabama. *
The preamble to the Constitution
ted States declares the objects for which the
Government of the United States was formed
Those objects were “to form a more perfect U
nion, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquil
ity, provide for the common defence, promote
the gcnaral welfare, and secure the blessings of
liberty to ourselves and our posterity.”
Those objects, in our opinion, have been wil.
fully disregarded in the administration of the
Government—commencing with the law admit
ting Missouri into the Union, and closing with
the late system of measures, miscalled the Com
The pretence upon which this system of hos
tile legislation has been based, is that slavery is
a moral and political evil—its endand aim is the
emancipation of every slave in the United
The government is in the hands of a sections,
majority, and political interest and conscientious
convictions of duty alike urge them to the suc
cessful prosecution of this system.
Believing that the aim in the formation of
this government is no longer to be observed in
its administration, we the delegates of the
Southern Rights Associations of Alabama, in
Convention assembled, do Resolve
1. I hat iu our opinion, the powers granted to
the General Government by the people of the
States, have for a long series of years, been per
verted by a dominant sectional majority to the
aggrandizement of the nan-slaveholding— and to
the oppression of the slaveholding States.
2. That in our opinion, powers have been ex
crcised by the General Government for the pur-i
pose of restraining the extension of the institu
tion of slavery and of eradicating it in places
where it now exists, which were not granted
to it by the people of the States.
3. That in our opinion, a radical change has
been effected in tbe character of the General
Government by the success of this system of
legislation; that the power and dignity of
the Union have become destructive in a great
degree, of the rights and dignity of the States
which created it.
4. That a tame submission to or a patient ac
quiescence iu this hostile and unconstitutional
legislation would not, in our opinion, be condu
cive to the peace, happiness, prosperity and lion,
or of the Southern Slates.
5. That we fully endorse the doctrine of Mr.
Madison, as contained in the Virginia resolutions
of 1798: “That in case of a deliberate, palpable
and dangerous exercise of powers not granted’
by the federal compact, the States who are par
ties thereto, have the right, and are in duty
bound to interpose for arresting the evil, and
maintaining in their respective limits, the au.
llior i ties, rights and liberties appertaining to
6. That such interposition should not be made
so long as there remains a reasonable hope that
lull anil anqile redress will he made for past in
jury, and provision he made against future ag
7. That tire recent events, events in full uni
son with that system of legislation which we
have candemned, assure us that there is no rea
sonable ground on which to base a hope that vve
“hall obtain either redress for tire past, or guar
anties for the future.
8. That in our opinion a due regard for the
l ights, honor and interests of the people of this
State, aud each of the Southern States, demands
that they should at once “set their house in or
der” with a view ol secession.
9. That as each State voluntarily became a
member of the Confederacy, so it can he no just
cause of war upon any State, that chooses no
longer to remain a member thereof.
Iff. That the question of the secession of
Alabama from this Government is reduced to
that of time only.
11. That we approve of the proposition ofthe
Nashville Convention, that the slaveholding
States hold a Congress in November next and
pledge ourselves to use our best exertion^to have
Alabama fully represented in that body, and
concur in the suggestion that said Congress be
field in Montgomery.
12. That we recommend to the people of Al"
abatna to suspend their old party llivisions until
redress and security can be obtained as proposed
and to know no paijj/but the great Southern
13. That the Governor of Alabama,be reques
ted to convene the legislature in extra session
for the purpose of providing by law for the elec
tion ofmembers to the proposed Southern Con
gress; such called session to take place after the
first Monday in August next. Should the Gover
nor fail to convene the Legislature,then we re
commend to the various precincts composing the
several Congressional Districts to open a poll
on the first Monday in October next, and hold an
election for one member to represent each Con.
gressional District in the State; such election
to be in all tilings governed by the laws, usages
and regulations which govern elections for
members of Congress.
14. That should that Congress declare it to be
the duty of the Southern States to secede and one
or more of the States shall secede ; or if one or
more of the States should do so without such
action by the Southern Congress, in our opinion,
it will be the duty and interest of Alabama, and
good faith to such seceding State or States, re.
uuire her likewise to secede, and to use all proper
effort to the formation of a Southern Confederacy
15. That in order to render ourselves more
effective in sustaining these views,we wiilsepa.
rate ourselves from all old federal party organi
zations, and that we will cultivate the
trine of State reliance and exert all the agen.
cies in our pow'er, political, industrial commer.
cial, and educational to prepare the State fur
that crisis which federal policy perverted and
distorted by the anti-slavery spirit lias forced u,
Col. H ill, of Bridgeport, who lias taken some
pains to investigate lliu “spiritual knocking > n
Hartford and elsewhere, is giving public lectures
„„ the “art.” lie can “rap” out sound* siuiilaf
to those made by the spirits.