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The Southern tribune. (Macon, Ga.) 1850-1851, February 22, 1851, Image 2

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Bol'Tli KRS TRI li IIN K•' U 11. IS. HAKKISONi, ) asd X Editors. nil. i». iiAimiso.v) From the Southern Press. To Joliii J. Cril tension, Attorney General of the United States : The office which you hold is becoming one of great importance, and 1 fear, us some danger to the countiy. It seems lobe 1 growing in this country, to the Presidetr, wbat tiie ministry is iiiFugland tothelving. ! “The Ring cun do no wrong,” says the | English law, but the ministry must be | held lespousible. In this countiy, Mr. Fiilmore seems disposed to establish, for the present at least, the doctrine that the President can do no wrong, but that it shall all be laid to the Attorney General, and truly sir, you seem to he a very wil ling or a very blind agent in the matter. Has Mr. Fillmore so far committed him self upon the subject of abolition, that lie cannot, with a good grace, give his assent to the Fugitive Slave hill without destroy ing himself with those old fiiends of hts, and is yet pressed on all sides to sanction it, in order to save the Union / He calls! upon the Attorney General for his opinion as to the constitutionality of the law. The Attorney General has no doubt of the con stitutional power of Congress to pass it, and Mr. Fillmore is at once relieved, lie says to his friends, “you know 1 cannot veto anything, except unconstitutional or hasty legislation ; my Attorney General says it is perfectly constitutional, and we j all know that we have been too long about ' it to pretend to call it hasty. So you see my friends, we shall have to let it go along ; it’s a dead letter anyhow.” Well, this difficulty over, presently an other one arises—an attempt is made in Boston to execute the law. The Presi dent all the time, by way of sustaining, and “giving aid and comfort” at home, to those who had betrayed the South, has been swearing, most vehemently, that the law should be executed at all hazards.that lie would forthwith turn any marshal out of office who should fail to discharge his duty, and would concentrate the whole aimy and navy of the United S:ates, up on any mob which should resist the execu tion of the law. Here is a mau bold, en ergetic, fearless and intelligent, in Boston for weeks, doing his best to have the law executed in the arrest of two fugitive slaves, who were there in the open light of day—known by everybody to ho so— and yet such a man as Hughes, with all the power of the United States at his back, cannot have them arrested under that law. Now here is a fix.—the tire eaters at the Sou'll have been predicting that the law would not be enforced. Here is a failure in a case that was made to prove that it could and would be. What is to he done in the premises 1 It is denied that there has been any resistance—not only denied, hut made a matter of boasting— juit let them resist and the President will _ crush them at once. It is admitted that the negroes were in the city and that ev erybody knew where they were—hut yet, Hughes cannot get them arrested. Com plaint is made to the President against tlie officer—and what is the consequence? AV hy the President refers to his Attorney General, to know whether there is sufli cient cause to dismiss him from office ! ! If the President should turn this marshal out of office, the people of the North would see and feel at once, that the law was not, according to the understanding, to he a dead letter ; they would see and feel that they must either submit to it and carry it out in good faith, or resist it open ly- This would at once array the whole North against .Mr. Fillmore—it would in a moment, hush into the silence of death, nine-tenths of those patriotic voices, which clamor for obedience to the laws. But still something must he done to appease if not to satisfy the South. What is it ? Why we have an Attorney Geneial who is a Southern man—lie is the legal adviser of the President—if we can get from him an opinion that the marshal ought not to be dismissed, perhaps it will do. Recent events have shown that the South is much more submissive than we had supposed; at all events this is the best vve can do, and we must try i\ The North must not be a roused,whether the South is satisfied or no. The Southern Attorney General gives the opinion, and what is it? That he 6ees no good reason why the marshal should he dismissed from office ! ! How, Mr. Crittenden, could you come to this conclusion, with the facts staring you in the face, that the negroes were there, and that it was known to every man in Boston where they could he found ? that the mar shal had in his hands the warrant for their arrest, and that the agent for the owners was constantly urging him to execute it ; and the further (act that nobody was re sisting the arrest. It is true, you kindly and hy inference, censure the marshal by saying that he might have exercised a lit tle more diligence and energy. What do you understand, Mr. C., by diligence and \nergy " hy. if the statements which ; your friends here have made have any ! truth in them, there was neither diligence I nor energy required. If it was true that there neither was nor would be resistance to the law in Boston, it required nothing more than that the officer should have gone along and arrested the slaves. Ouo thing is certain—there was no resistance, and your officer did not exercise diligence and energy enough to render resistance necessary to the escape of the fugitives. Mr. Crittenden : suppose that the mail had been robbed, that it was dearly and distinctly known hy whom the robbery bud been committed, that mm of your marshals lied in Ids hands n warrant, for the urrest, of the offender— that ho was, to the knowledge ol the officer and evetybo dy else, within ten minutes walk of him, that the post office agent was all the time urging him to make the arrest, and that for ten days he was to refuse to make the ariest, and that the robber should at last conclude that the officer might some dav conclude to arrest him, and should take himself oIT into some foreign country ; do you think that Mr. Fillmore, upon having these tacts represented to him, would ev er inquire of you whether the officer ought to be dismissed ? and if be should, do you I think it would ever enter into your head to say, that you could m all this see no “good reason why he should be dismissed.” Do you think you would let him off by saying that “he might have everrised a little more diligence and energy? ’ Would you not rather say that his conduct had manifested a grossness of negligence, which amounted to corruption, for which he ought to he forthwith disgraced and discharged ? \et sir, the marshal was ns much bound to arrest William and Ellen Grafts, as he would he under those cir cumstances to arrest the robber ! —and, sir, when the country comes to look calin i ly atul dispassionately at the circumstan ces and the result of that case, there will be great difficulty in finding anv so lution of the course pursued by the Pres ident and yourself, which will not fix upon both of you the wilful and improper disregard of your duty. I' °r myself, sir, I believe that the mar shal acted under instructions from Wash ington. It is difficult to believe that a j man would, in the face of the strong dec larations of the President, so utterly re fuse to discharge his du v, without an as sonance that he should be held harmless. 1 believe, as much as l believe anything L do not know, that the e were tegular communications between \\ ashington and Boston, and that the course of the mar shal was tegu.'ated by the character of the communications from Washington. Mr. Fihmore would no doubt have been verv glad, just then, that they should be peace ably and quietly delivered up, but lie knew that would not he done —ho dared not use the fotce of the government to I have it done , that would set all the North aga.nst him. It would not do at that time to have a for ilde and successful resist ance of the law—that would operate too fatally at the South the elections were just coining on in Georgia, and it would k; i 1 oombs ntid|6iephcns there. The only tiling then to escape all the difficulties,was to let the officer dal y alongas best lie could until the negroes could he prevailed upon to escape. I say prevailed upon, for they for a longtime manifested no disposition to do so—they felt secure in the protection of their Boston niends. 1 have no doubt all this was arranged in Washington, and it would make a beautiful chapter if we could have exhibited in full all the threats, entreaties and promises that were made before the object could he effected. Finally it was effected, but the difficul ties were not all over. 'I lie law was pot executed, though there was no resistance. 1 lie fire-eaters ol the South are making a handle oi it—complaint is made against the officer. What is to he done? The President dare not turn him out, as I sup pose, for two reasons. Ihe first is, he is afraid of the North poor South ! nobody is afraid of her!—The second is that the marshal evidence of justification, and if he was turned out of office he would expose it. This last, Mr. Critten den, is only my opinion, but I have no doubt of the truth of it. It will not do then to turn the marshal out of office, but some show must be made of a disposition to do justice to the South—and tlie opin ion of the Attorney General is sufficient. I shall have occasion shortly, Mr. At torney General, to address you upon your opinion as to the constitutionality of the Fugitive slave law. SOOTH. 'l’ll* President's Proclamation. “Whereas, information having been re ceiveil, that sundry lawless persons, prin cipally persotfs ot color having confedera ted together for the purpose of opposing, hy force,the execution ofthe laws ofthe U. States, did, at Boston, Mass., on the 15th of this month, make violent assault on the Marshal and Deputy Marshal of the U. Slates, for tho District of Massachusetts, in the Court House; and did overcome said officers,and did by force rescue from their custody a person arrested as a fugitive slave and there a prisoner, lawfully holden by said Marshal or Deputy Marshal of the U. States; and other scandalous oultages did commit in violation of tho law. Now, therefore, to the end that the au thority of laws may he maintained, and those concerned in violating them, brought to immediate and c.oiuligvi j»uni*l»rnent f 1 have issued this, my Proclamation, calling on all well disposed citizens, to rally to the support ot the laws of their countiy, and requiring and commending all officers, Civil and Military, who shall be found within the vicinity of this outrage, to be ! aiding or assisting, by all means in their power, in quelling ibis and oilier such | combinations, and to assist the Marshal ; and Deputies, in re-capturing tho above 1 mentioned prisoner; and 1 no especially j direct, that prosecutions be commenced j against all persons who have made them ] selves aiders and abettors in or to this fla- I grant, offence ; aud further commend, that -the District attorney if the United States, j atul all other persons concerned in the ad. I ministration or execution ofthe laws ofthe i United States, to cause the foregoing of- J fenders, and a’l such as aided, abetted or assisted them, or shall be found to have harbored ot concealed such fugitives, e ni tf-iry to law, to lie immediately anc-ted and proceeded with accord ini; to law. Signed MIUUAJM) FIUUMOh’H. i Daniel W liisteb, .Secretary of State.” MACON, G A • SATURDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 22. - IPTWe take pleasure in calling the attention of our readers to Dr. U esdkee's Scientific En tertainment at Concert Hall on .Monday night. Dr. ll’a Apparatus is perhaps the finest in the country, and his illustrations have been generally admired. See advertisement. .ErWe would direct the attention of those in want of any kind of Iron Railing or Plain and Orname'utal Iron Work, to the advertisement ot Messrs. More et Gallagher, in another column. They are prepared to execute orders with despatch and upon favorable terms. To otic Patrous. With this number of our Paper, the Southern Tribune will be discontinued. We shall short ly remove our office to Savannah, where we design publishing a Daily Evening Paper. In taking leave of our friends and patrons, we shall make hut a few brief remarks. We have met with many friends in this city and surrounding country, whose generous patronage we have endeavored in some degree to merit.— We hope, with their permission, to cultivate a more intimate and valuable acquaintance with them in the extended sphere upon which we are j about to enter. If there has been aught to mar the good feeling existing between us and our readers, it has been occasioned hy no malicious design nor party purpose. We may have dif fered with some of them upon the great politi cal questions of the das, hut our opinions were candid, and we were conscientious in express ing them. We have no apology to make. In conducting the Daily Eccning Delta vannah, ive shall andeavor to sustain the inter ests of the South against theinterfercnce of her adversaries. Our object shall be to furnish the politician w ith a journal of liberal principles, in which all parties shall receive justice ; the farmer shall, through the Weekly Delta , at once obtain a compendium of the latest news, and a large amount of agricultural reading, together with a statement of the markets, &.c ; and the miscellaneous reader shall always find the spices of w it and humor of original manufacture and from other sources. Those of our present subscribers who desire to patronize either the Daily, Tii-W eekly, ot Weekly Delta will please inform us as soon as convenient. See Prospectus in nnothercolumn. NOIIUE. All persons having demands against the un. dersignerJ will please present them for payment arid those indebted to us w ill confer a favor bv paying up the amount due immediately. Those living at a distance will have '.heir bills sent to them, and they will please remit the amount to us at Macon, without delay, and thus perform an act of justice. Pay up gentlemen, as this is our first dun. to many of you. Respectfully, WM. li. HARRISON. Macon, Ga , Feb. 22, lrffil. Out! Exchanges.—Thankful for the courtesy heretofore extended to us hy our brethren of the press, we would respectfully request their exchange with the Savannah Evening Delta,on receipt of the Ist No. . Another r arcs. in Boston.—A fugitive slave hy the name of Shadrauii was arrested on the loth iiiet , and rescued by i» mob of negroes and whites, whereupon the President issued his Proclamation, which will be found in another column. It wits received with derision by the slave’s attorney. We presume that the Presi dent’s fiat w ill have no other effuetthan to afford a little consolation to the subrnissionists, in lieu of the lost property and violated laws. Fire in Griffin.—We regret to learn that a fire occurred at Griffin on Sunday last, bv which property valued at £30,000 was destroyed.— The fire originated in the store of Mrs. Morris, which was insured for £3,000 in Savannah. Instruction for Slaves.—The Treasurer of the South Carolina Conference of the M. E. Church, South, reports the sum of £17,700 as the amount collected during the past year for the support of missions, which is expended in the support of preachers to the slaves on the plantations. Twins.—Carroll county, (in , has fifty-four sets of twins, and Abbeville District, S. C.,' ninety-three sets. A friend of ours, in Jackson county, Ga., has sir sets of twins in his family- Education.—The amount appropriated du ring the past year for school purposes in New Jersey, was £151,940 62, being an increase of £32,538 02 over the appr ipriation of the prece ding year. The number of children between the ages of 5 and 16 reported as residing in the Bta'e, is 114,162, es whom 75,245 attended school for a greater or less period during the year, being ari increase of 5,192. iLr ahe Governor of iiiinois, in a message ito the Legislature, says—“ For the first time m a series of years, the revenue of Illinois, ex elusive ol that devoted to specific purposes, is sufficient to meet the demands on the Treasury. The amount of the State debt is $16,617,509 91 Veteran Clergymen.—The senior in the ministerial office in Boston, is Rev. Dr. Lowell, who settled in 1606. Dr. Sharp was settled in 1812. Rev. Hosea Bollou in 1617. Rev. Mr. Streeter and Dr. Gannet in 1824. Ilnv. Sanruul Barrett, I). D., nr 1825. Wonderful Dog.— A returned California dog has made his appearance at his old home,in , Burlington, lowa. He was the property of a .Mr. Pearson, who came home by the steamer - and it is supposed that the dog, having been j left behind, look the most direct route home, anil made an overland trip alone ! Healthy Peace—Marion county, Virginia is so healthy the rairioount Ennui r cannot I < bt.-un a single il< atli to publish. A m in, whom i the editor thought to be dead, appeared to him I on h o m back as lie w as writing hi* obituary ! Northern Conservatism. There seems to be no principle so sacred, no cause so holy, that will not be sacrificed by tie signing men for the spoils of office, and the possession of power. In vain do we look for the bunds of brotherhood, of birth and obliga tion to enforce unanimity upon the people of the South. So long as men of talent can sway the opinions of others; so long as great men can he swerved by hopes of self-aggrandize ment ; so long as the pluflf. submit to the dic tation of party leaders, just so long w.ll treason breathe its infectious breath upon our prospects, and ruin stalk abroad in the laud. lias the Southern portion of this confederacy suffered any injury from the action of the Na' tiona! Legislature ? Who can doubt it ? The Missouri Compromise—the California iniquitv | —the Oregon territorial bill too plainlv proclaim ! the great Southern interest contracted, limited, and upon the eve of precarious existence, if not of certain destruction. The vast opposing forces that are harmonizing upon the platfi>rm of ‘he Free-soil monomania, bringing to their aid the puissant strength of a National Execu tive ; a House of Representatives and Senate in the Congress of the Country ; and the efficient inactivity of submissionism in the South, are writing the doom, either of the American Union, orof Southern liberty. Shall we choose between the two ? The organ of a successful party clique, with the key to the National Treasury in its band, may pay its homage to the vapory shadow of freedom, w hilst it wears the chain of ignominious slavery ; the itine rant adventurer, whose educational pivdilec tions, home, friends, and established interests are against us, but who stops among us for a few months to carve out his fortune from our luxuriant clime ; —the squalid mendicant seek ing tire purse and the honors of the Presidency, — these may breathe “fire and slaughter” against the friends of Equality and Southern Rights but tiie man whose portion exists on Southern soil ; whose hopes and fears, joys and sorrows, are the common property of the South, must feel with one ofold, that “live or die, sink or switr*, we are compelled to maintain our equal ity in the Union, or our independence out of it. This is the true issue, let it be disguised by whomsoever it may. Whether the epithet of “traitor” or “di.sunionist” be applied to the Southern Rights man is of no consequence. A spirit that can be frightened hy names only, is unworthy of the cause. All the compounded abuse of King George anil his Ministry did not make \\ ashington a traitor—nor can the point less maledictions of King Fillmore aid his trumpet-blowers make the Southern Rights Party the enemies of peace and Republican Union, or disfranchise them in their allegiance to the South. Where are the friends of the South ? In tire North ? Alas ! the day for liberal sentiment North of Mason Dixon’s line is past. We have seen the number of our friends among the statesmen ot the North dwindle down to a cv pher, nnd the people of the Free States will hencelorw aid elect no man w hose abolition prin ciples are not distinctly defined, whether lie he Whig or Democrat. What reliance can we place in the empty professions of the so-called “Union” men at the North? Ilow do they propose to save the Union ? By insulting our common sense in bidding us to he content w ith obeying the laws of a hostile Congress ! They tell us that they wish peace returned to a dis tracted country —hut they take not a singie step to produce that peace! They say that their love for “this glorious Union” is ardent—and well it may he ! England's affection for Ireland is st-ong and binding, for her revenues in a great measure proceed therefrom—and the Fed eral Government loves the South for the same reason : but who is willing that our sunny home should become the down-trodden Ireland of the American Monarchy ? Yet to this very point Union without equality must inevitably lead.— The South is in the minority—and minorities are, in a popular government, at the mercy of the majorities, unless they be held in check by some balance of power capable of keeping the equilibrium of legislative power. But we have no such check—the South lias neither President, Senate, nor House. JY or can we ever get cither, so long as we preach and practice submission. Where is Daniel Webster ? a veritable friend to the Union indeed—hut to what Union that of sovereign States, governed in justice and equity ? No, no ! He favors a Consolida ted Union ; a Union that concentrates the iden tity ofeaelr State into a Federal centre—whence the laws are to emanate, to whose sacred man date every knee must how ; a Union where the majority reigns supreme, nnd where the power ful North can rule the weaker South. Southern men ! do jou want that Union ? Where is Millard Fillmore ? Hr. loves the Union,and adorestiie“Constitutional Union Party,” and why ? lie hopes to secure another term in the Presidency—they know his Free Soilism at the North, and for that they will vote for him there—and Federal pap-suckers will support him in the South : through the hobby of Union he hopes to be elected. Do Southern men desire a one-sided Union, and an Abolition President ? What is New York doing to calm the agitated feelings of the South ? She stands with the uplifted lance, undecided whether she shall rntofT the feet, pierce the heart, or decapitate the head of Southern Equality. She loves the Union, hut she hates the man who dared to speak a word for the South—sheloves the Union' hut it is Seward’s Union which she is striving to maintain. Georgians ! will you glorify that Union ? Wh it is Ohio doing for tlio “peace and quiet ’ of t lie country 1 She adores the Union—yet is undetermined whether to mount a thirty-two or a seventy-four pounder on the Federal battery at Washington, to pour ruin and devastation on the interests of the South. Sho is willing to lih* orate the sht\« » of the South, hut presently sho will prohibit them from settling w ithin her bor der, a* Indiana has already done. She wishes to preserve the Union, because she can then walk arin in arm with the South, while her Abolition dagger is searching for the heart of her victim ! Southerners ! would you be glad to aid that Union ? We are told that the North is “conservative!"’ TJie canting hypocrites who say so, are speak, ing in the face of indubitable evidence to the contrary. How uiiLlushingly do some of the wire-pullers appeal' to the patriotic motives of the people to sustain the most un-patriotic of all causes—the Abolition crusade ! There is no hope iu Northern mercy—the Southern people must redress their own wrongs, or the North w ill certainly multiply them. The Nf.w Light.— Mr. George P. Paine brother of the inventor, has published a very sensible and plausible letter, assigning as a rea son for not fully exhibiting the operation of the discoveries to the public, that bis brother hits not yet been able to overcome the danger of ex plosions, which take place at a hange of at mosphere from fair to foul. O’ Martin F. Topper, the celebrated author of “Proverbial Philosophy,” etc., is expected to visit this country within the next six months. o“Advertising in newspapers “has enlarged many a small business ; has revived many a dull business; has recovered many a lost business » has preserved many a large business; and ha s created many anew business.” Black \Y alnut Some of the ship builders say that black walnut is a better timber for ship building than live oak, and that its high price is the only reason why it is not largely used.— An Ohio paper says there is enough of this val uable timber split into fence rails every year in that State to build the national marine of the Union. A Just Rebuke.—Francis Bowen, Esq. Professor of History in Harvard University’ was renominated for the office—but the Senate rejected him by a vote of 35 ayes to 39 nays.— Mr. Bowen is the man who wrote the abusive and Jihcllom articles about Ivossuth and Hun gary, in the North American Review. More Wonders-—The “ninth wonder of the world” has been discovered in Wisconsin. It is a cave extending under the greater portion of two counties. One field of lead ore was found three miles in extent ! A water fall is in the cave, and a lake feet deep. A party lately passed three days in making explo rations. (O’ The six members who composed Harrison's Cabinet are now all assembled at Washington, and in the enjoyment of perfect health. Ten years have rolled by since they were called to the Capital to form a Whig ad. ministration, and yet the time has made little if any serious impression upon any one of this number. There are few more remarkable ex amples of any eqoal number of men, who be came connected together in the same period of life, being in such a stale of preservation now. Two of the six, Mr. Webster and Mr. Critten den, are members of the present Administra tion. Pennsylvania Railroad.— The Annual Re port ot the Board of Directors of the Pennsyl vania Railroad Company, has just been submit ted to the Stockholders. It comprises the pe. j rind between October Ist, 1849, and December 31st 1850. The receipts of the Company on account of the capital stock, were £5,822,210. The disbursements, $5,095,496 Balance, £726,- 663. Amount of subscriptions yet to be collect ed, £1,013,640. Thus the available means of the Company for the prosecution of the work, amount to £1,740,303. The Eastern Division of the road has been completed to the Tyrone' Forges, and in a manner entirely satisfactory to tiie Board. Fashion.—An evening party by a fashiona ble lady in New York, recently, is estimated to have cost £15,000. There were present 1200 guests, and the splendor was almost “Monte Christo” magnificence. A Now York paper says of this display of wealthy folly :—“Some of the apartments were more gorgeously deco rated than were those prepared by the French, in the grand Trianon at Versailles, for the re ception of Queen Victoria ; and there were others ornamented whh sucli true pictorial ef fect as would have done honor to the genius and and taste of Marie Antoinette.’’ The Prussian Press.—ln Prussia, counting all the territories composing the kingdom, there existed prior to the royal decree respecting the press dated sth June, 1850, a grand total of journals amounting to 809. Os these, 282 were devoted to literature, science and the arts. — The rest were political, and of these, 150 were Ministerial nr Conservative, 201 of the Opposition. These figures give as an average of one journal for 20,186 inhabitants. A Wholesale Tanner.—The Hon. Zadoc Pratt, of Prattville, Greene county, N. Y.,snid to he the greatest tanner in the world, intends to send specimens of leather produced at each of his seven extensive tanneries, to the World's l air at London. It is stated that he has con sumed in the course of his business, 200,000 cords of w ood, tanned 1,000,000 sides of leath er, and employed and fully paid 30,000 men.— He has also represented his district in Congress. fTr* The first bank under the general law of New Jersey has been organized, and the re quired certificate filed with the Secretary of State. It is to be called tiie Ocean Dank, and to be located at Bergen Iron Works, in Ocean county. The capital is $50,000, and is secured by U. S. six per cent, stock. U The Oregon Spectator says that a coal mine has been discovered in Admiralty inlet, op superior quality, and in quantity sufficient to propel all the steamers that now float on the Pa. clfic for centuries to come. It is a remarkable fact that in ticcntiifire nut of 31 States, there are now Democratic Govern ors. The 6 States which have Whig Govornms, are Vermont, Rhode Island, New York, Penn s) Iranis, Florida and Kentucky. Preamble and Resolutions, Adopted hy the Southern Rights Convention Recently held at Montgomery, Alabama. * The preamble to the Constitution ted States declares the objects for which the Government of the United States was formed Those objects were “to form a more perfect U nion, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquil ity, provide for the common defence, promote the gcnaral welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity.” Those objects, in our opinion, have been wil. fully disregarded in the administration of the Government—commencing with the law admit ting Missouri into the Union, and closing with the late system of measures, miscalled the Com promise. The pretence upon which this system of hos tile legislation has been based, is that slavery is a moral and political evil—its endand aim is the emancipation of every slave in the United States. The government is in the hands of a sections, majority, and political interest and conscientious convictions of duty alike urge them to the suc cessful prosecution of this system. Believing that the aim in the formation of this government is no longer to be observed in its administration, we the delegates of the Southern Rights Associations of Alabama, in Convention assembled, do Resolve 1. I hat iu our opinion, the powers granted to the General Government by the people of the States, have for a long series of years, been per verted by a dominant sectional majority to the aggrandizement of the nan-slaveholding— and to the oppression of the slaveholding States. 2. That in our opinion, powers have been ex crcised by the General Government for the pur-i pose of restraining the extension of the institu tion of slavery and of eradicating it in places where it now exists, which were not granted to it by the people of the States. 3. That in our opinion, a radical change has been effected in tbe character of the General Government by the success of this system of legislation; that the power and dignity of the Union have become destructive in a great degree, of the rights and dignity of the States which created it. 4. That a tame submission to or a patient ac quiescence iu this hostile and unconstitutional legislation would not, in our opinion, be condu cive to the peace, happiness, prosperity and lion, or of the Southern Slates. 5. That we fully endorse the doctrine of Mr. Madison, as contained in the Virginia resolutions of 1798: “That in case of a deliberate, palpable and dangerous exercise of powers not granted’ by the federal compact, the States who are par ties thereto, have the right, and are in duty bound to interpose for arresting the evil, and maintaining in their respective limits, the au. llior i ties, rights and liberties appertaining to them.” 6. That such interposition should not be made so long as there remains a reasonable hope that lull anil anqile redress will he made for past in jury, and provision he made against future ag gression. 7. That tire recent events, events in full uni son with that system of legislation which we have candemned, assure us that there is no rea sonable ground on which to base a hope that vve “hall obtain either redress for tire past, or guar anties for the future. 8. That in our opinion a due regard for the l ights, honor and interests of the people of this State, aud each of the Southern States, demands that they should at once “set their house in or der” with a view ol secession. 9. That as each State voluntarily became a member of the Confederacy, so it can he no just cause of war upon any State, that chooses no longer to remain a member thereof. Iff. That the question of the secession of Alabama from this Government is reduced to that of time only. 11. That we approve of the proposition ofthe Nashville Convention, that the slaveholding States hold a Congress in November next and pledge ourselves to use our best exertion^to have Alabama fully represented in that body, and concur in the suggestion that said Congress be field in Montgomery. 12. That we recommend to the people of Al" abatna to suspend their old party llivisions until redress and security can be obtained as proposed and to know no paijj/but the great Southern party. 13. That the Governor of Alabama,be reques ted to convene the legislature in extra session for the purpose of providing by law for the elec tion ofmembers to the proposed Southern Con gress; such called session to take place after the first Monday in August next. Should the Gover nor fail to convene the Legislature,then we re commend to the various precincts composing the several Congressional Districts to open a poll on the first Monday in October next, and hold an election for one member to represent each Con. gressional District in the State; such election to be in all tilings governed by the laws, usages and regulations which govern elections for members of Congress. 14. That should that Congress declare it to be the duty of the Southern States to secede and one or more of the States shall secede ; or if one or more of the States should do so without such action by the Southern Congress, in our opinion, it will be the duty and interest of Alabama, and good faith to such seceding State or States, re. uuire her likewise to secede, and to use all proper effort to the formation of a Southern Confederacy 15. That in order to render ourselves more effective in sustaining these views,we wiilsepa. rate ourselves from all old federal party organi zations, and that we will cultivate the trine of State reliance and exert all the agen. cies in our pow'er, political, industrial commer. cial, and educational to prepare the State fur that crisis which federal policy perverted and distorted by the anti-slavery spirit lias forced u, to contemplate. Col. H ill, of Bridgeport, who lias taken some pains to investigate lliu “spiritual knocking > n Hartford and elsewhere, is giving public lectures „„ the “art.” lie can “rap” out sound* siuiilaf to those made by the spirits.