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THE PEOPLE’S PARTY PAPER,
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OFFICIAL ORGAN PEOPLE’S PARTY,
STATE OF GEORGIA.
♦ CARDINAL TENETS OF THE ♦
♦ PEOPLES PARTY. ’ ♦
Z of an Hon- ♦
2 I id Silver. *
♦ Ownership and Opera- ♦
ti«-n of F..iilr>>;id, Telegraph and Tele-
A phon* Lin l s. ♦
♦ Opposition to Alien Ownership of ?
♦ Land and Court-made Law. X
♦ R.- < gnition of the Right of the People ♦
♦ ■ .. .j. C.. Tie and Refer- J
♦ endum. ♦
People’s Party State Ticket
J. R. HOGAN, Lincoln.
For Secretary of State,
L. 0. JACKSON, Decatur-
For Comptroller General,
BEN MILIKIN, Wayne.
J. H. TRAYLO?, Troup.
For Attorney General,
FELIX N. COBB. Carroll.
For Commissioner of Agriculture,
A. H. TALLEY, Cobb.
For School Commissioner,
B. M. ZETTLER, Fulton.
For Prison Commissioner,
J. S. DAVITT, Polk.
*tate Executive Committee People’s
Party of Georgia.
W. F. Cajiteh, Chairman, Atlanta, Ga.
J. R. Inn ix, Vice Chairman, Conyers, Ga.
Aorix Hoecomb, Secretary, Atlanta, Ga.
Fhcst lii- ikk t —D. <'. Newton, Claxton, R.
M. Bryan. Sylvania.
S:.< oxi. DIHTBICT—<R*o. W. <’rapps, Ft. Gaines,
W. E. Smith, Bainbridge.
Tiilßß District—-Seab Montgomery, Butler,
W. C. Chastain, Montezuma.
Foi :th DisTUicr—J. 11. Traylor, Lovelace,
J. D. Sims, Newnan.
Fifth Disthk t—S. 11. Taliaferro, South
Atlanta, J R. Irwin, Conyers.
Sixth Distcict—-C. F. Turner, Brent, J. T.
Sevfath District—M. L. Palmer, Lavender,
A. L. Born, Acworth.
Eb. th District—J. P. Elder, Elder. J. A.
N-ese. Carn, sville.
Ni x ' h Dr -L. L. Cbriu nt. Ocee’, W. W.
Wilson. Buford. '»
T:;.xm District—C. E. McGregor, Warren
Ei.i.Vr.xiH Dish:kt—B. B. Linder, Dublin,
B> a Milikui, Jesup.
Peoples Party State Platform,
Adopted in Convention March
16, IS9B—Readopted May
IS, 189 S.
Taxation of the state having under Demo
cratic a•iministration. increased more than 100
per cent since the Republican administration
of R. B. Bullock, notwithstanding the taxable
pr< .perty of the state lias doubled in value since
IS?.'; we pledge ourselves. if placed in power, to
reduce the present high rate of taxation with
out a reduction in the pensions or common
» hoo! funds.
R.'M'lvislby tffsee;.vention of the Populists
of Georgia. That as a political party, we are
without a national chairman, and call upon the
national • . nimittee to remedy the evil at the
earliest possible moment.
R« s. .Ived. That we indorse the action of the
Nashville conference, and the action of the re
orgarhzatb 11 < •mmtr ee at St. Louis, January
12th. and favor a national convention to be held
July 4, IsUs. and we protest against all fusion
and urge thorough reorganization along the
most progressive and advanced lines.
1. We indi rse the St. Louis platform.
2. Civili. ati< n, to say nothing of religion,
ha> entered up judgment of condemnation
The pul >lic conscience revolts at the license
svsteni. which fosters the saloon and generates
- manifold evil' in consul ration of revenue
th; p;.v - less t hou a titheof the public burdi ns
:• entails. It i> monopolistic and essentially
immoral W. favor the passage of an anti-
Larrv. ni bill which shall close the barrooms at
o:ic< . which 'hall make secure the local prohi
bition already obtained and provide for the
tale of intoxicatir g liquors, otherwise than in
twrrt'onis under public control.
h. XX e emphatically condemn the convict
law parsed by th. legislature of 1897, as luting
th<- «•»:.< ttwit of a system more iniquitous
than "he old l< ase act.
Wei. li -o t the state herself should keep
n <>f in r pi i'oners and should employ
them up<ni th public roads, and not allow
th. nil tight in competition with free labor,
and that ref rotatories be established for juve
4. We devlar. in favor of improving and ex
tending the publi< school system to the end
that allour peepi ean receive a good common
e h.■<»! .-.lucao -n. XV. favor the furnishing of
primary wh.-ol books by the state to avoid the
t urdeß'put u] • n our p.s.ple by the frequent
chances, r 00’-; s. XX’e also favor the pay
xu< nt >f teaeh. rs monthly.
&. XV. einpb:;;ically condemn the practice of
late I-o mir.g '. prevalent, of public officers
a.-, opting : re. p..". < from railroad corpora-
Ti. i'and trank- fr< m telegraph and express
;•<■uipiune'., XX e intend this condemnation to
apply t th.-ex. -itive, legislative and judicial
I ra:;. In -• f our nat. nal and state government.
6. Wv coixi. inn lynching and demand of our
• public 'crvants the rigid enforcement of our
law* against this barbarous practice.
7. XVe demand that all public officers be
ele. ■’■<ll,v the ]s<>pl. XVe favor the election
of the ju \... and solicitors of the state by the
jtcopiV- r- ding in the re- pective judicial cir
cuits, ano that said judg.-s and solictors must
Pk resid.-nt- of 'aid judicial circuits. XVe
pletlge ourselves to secure an amendment of
the const inti.m of the state which shall pro
vid* for the t lection of these officers in this
manner, and we regard the system of electing
these officer- on -fate ticket by nominations
by pobtieal conventions" productive of
partizansnip in our judiciary.
b. We denounce-the present fee system and
demand that ail public officials where praeti
rai.lc be places! upon salaries proportionate to
the depressed financial condition from which
the laborers of the country suffer.
9. We deciare for a free ballot and a fair
count, and j ledg. <>ur: . Ives to the enactment
of laws securing this to every legal voter.
In. We favor the continuance of pensions to
n> <-dy and deserving confederate soldiers and
% tv the widows of confederate soldiers.
W’e favor an amendment to the constitu
:/of this state providing for the initiative
referendum and thv imperative mandate
k 1 -
The famous “Duncan” circular refuses to down. It
NOW WHO l§ was so well circulated among the intensely ignorant
negroes of Georgia that it has proven a fire brand that
RESPONSIBLE? cannot be quenched. Sent out by the Democratic State
Executive Committee from the official headquarters in
1896 it attracted attention immediately and was openly denounced by thousands
of honest democrats and unanimously by Populists.
During the recent democratic contest in the June primaries, the democrats
used it on each other and thousands were sent out again by democrats —men
who knew its true nature and who had themselves denounced it. So much for
their sincerity. In every section of Georgia negroes were handed this self same
circular, which was then being used by one gang against “the ring” candidates.
This second use of the Duncan circular was by Demo
crats and no Populist was interested except to again feel
the infamy and disgrace that had been brought on all the
people of Georgia by this second use of the most damna
ble piece of campaign literature ever sent out by politicians
who claim to be respectable.
No self-respecting negro in Georgia will support these candidates who have
willfully paraded his race as responsible for these crimes, much less the pres
ent candidate for Prison Commissioner who is known far and wide as its author
and who has been endorsed by the democracy of the state as its candidate.
Can any honest democrat support such party methods and vote the demo
cratic ticket without holding his nose.
Allen D. Candler was on the democratic ticket in 1896 as secretary of state
when this “Duncan circular” was sent out broadcast. He was in the democrat
ic primary of June 6 in which race the same circular xvas used.
Joseph S. Turner was in the 1896 race as the appointee for Penitentiary
keeper. He is now the candidate for the same place to be filled this time by
election and not appointment.
Other men were elected in 1596 on tho same ticket and are again candi
Why did Atkinson run 20,000 votes behind Candler in 1896 ?
Because that many people made him the target of their wrath and not
democracy whose campaign managers were responsible.
Now there are thousands who believe and sincerely too that Governor At
kinson knew nothing of that circular, was innocent of the charges and had he
known of its being published would have prevented its use. The facts seem to
bear out their belief.
Then who was responsible ?
Steve Clay &. Co. were then managers of the party, the trusted leaders.
Today their candidates are on the state ticket as democrats, true and good.
Are they ?
Candler slipped in as Secretary of State in 1896, so did Turner and others.
Now they are out again as candidates and finding that it did good service
in 1896, one set used the same method to sand bag the other set in the June
primary. But it didn’t work. The crowd who had won with the circular in
’96 won again in the primary. Endorsed Joey Turney and the whole ring—
approved so to speak of this kind of party methods.
Here is some cf the fruit—the latest.
Griffin, Ga., Aug. B—(special)—John Meadows, a mulatto, was lynched here
at 4 o’clock today by a mob of over 500 citizens of Meriwether, Pike and Spald
ing counties. The victim was a 7 year old girl. The brute was hung on the
same limb on which Oscar Williams was hung July 22, 1897, for a similar crime,
(more of Duncan circular fruit). This makes the third lynching to occur in
the city of Griffin since 1896 ”
There it is, read and digest it.
Feed black brutes on this kind of literature and then prate of white su
premacy, expecting to trap Populists into coming back to you. Get caught,
profess ignorance of the text and then two years later use it again but in an
other way almost as infamous and then say “we are holy 1 accuse us not 1 ”
If you tax payers want that kind of a democracy, “rule or ruin, fair meth
ods or infamous —but rule,” you are welcome to it.
Self respecting negroes denounced this literature in 1896 and now it has
been scattered again—of course it will bear fruit. Watch the papers and you
will see that between June SLiVlctober there will be a second crop.
Democracy did the sowing—let it bear the of the lowest.
Texas democrats busted wide open in convention
SNAP SHOTS last week. One crowd opposed annexation of new ter
ritory, another crowd favored it. Joe Bailey took the
OF THE HOUR. anti-annexation side and got beat. Culberson and Hogg
sided with the imperialists and won hands down, Plat
form had 13 planks nearly all about national matters not state issues so as to
fool the voter again like they did in Georgia. Indorsed the Chicago platform,
congratulated the sailors and soldiers for the Cuban and Manila victories ;
pledged support to the president in conducting the war; denounced the repub
licans for the Dingley tariff and the war revenue bill; declared for Bryan in
1900 and favored increasing navy but not the army ; reaffirmed faith in Monroe
doctrine and yet favored annexing Cuba, Porto Rico and all other Spanish pos
sessions except Phillippinee. It was a great convention. Wrangled two days
and a night and had a regular Kilkenny cat time of it. And yet democracy is
said to he again united on true democratic lines. Bah ! it makes a mustang
tired to think of it. Texas democrats are a consistent lot I must say. Ditto
Democrats in Nebraska got the little end of the Nebraska fusion trade in
Lincoln last week. But they made the Populist nominee for governor, Poynter
swear he was a life long democrat, of Kentucky democratic parentage before
they would fuse. That's it, denied his party and his principles to get the job.
Then the democrats sent a long telegram to ’Kernel Billy Bryan pledged them
selves to run him in 1920 for President. There goes another Bryan torpedo.
Next thing you will hear will be the name of some second-fiddle fusionist to
catch the Pops. Watch ’em boys!
Florida democrats met in Ocala last week. Defeated plan for nomination
by primaries by overwhelming vote. Nominated state treasurer, supreme
court justices and railroad commissioners. Condemned territorial aggression,
congratulated army and navy and overlooked state issues completely. The
same old gag vou see.
Flem dußignon, gold bug chairman of Georgia democratic executive com
mittee announced his new committee last week. Slick scheme that to give the
chairman the right to name 11 new members, making in all 33 regular members,
chairman, vice and your friend Clark Howell national committeemen giving a
total strength of 36. Chairman names one third of the committee, the districts
select two-thirds. Committee met Aug. 10, to outline the policy of the party
in the present campaign. Democrats are all sure of a victory—big victory, say
100,000 more or less. Nene of them can give any definite reason for such a
slump but they are all joyful and confident Some don’t care to make a hard
think it is unnecessary. Others are a little suspicious and want to make
Rome howl once more. Os course, the railroads and bar rooms will be milked
in the same old way for campaign funds. Candidates will be assessed the same
old figure—so look out boys and get your money ready for the boodle gatherer !
The Whiskey Trust is now openly in the market as a trust or pool. Com
bined last week and took complete control of all leading distilleries in America.
Got a lead pips cinch now in the business, so antagonistic legislation can be de
feated wherever offered. Watch the trust from now on. Soon you will see
“dry” counties going wet and bars will spring up on all sides where before not
even a blind tiger could exist. The trust will fight all legislation looking to
county dispensaries or state control. The fight for open saloons everywhere is
* * • • • *
Atlantiaus are kicking about tMfr'”s3? tfhetL* Atlanta has a hog pen for a
union depot that would disgrace Yamaeraw. Has had it ever since the war and
bids fair to keep it through this and a dozen more wars Tne Railroads say
the car shed is good enough for the ——■ public. Railroad commission can &
get its spine stiff enough to investigate the hog hole although two of the com
missioners go through it daily en route to their summer homes. Something
makes them blind and deaf when they strike the depot on a trot for their trains
every evening. When the vets were here, the crowds come near being drowned
out getting to their trains. Sewer water ran all over the tracks and ladies,
children and vets had to wade through the slime ankle deep to get out of town.
But what do the railroads care ? The head “bosses” laugh as they get into
their private cars and watch the fun until they get tired and retire to the priv
acy of their sanctum. A railroad commission is a big man when it comes to
tearing some little saw mill road into obedience to the rules, but when Atlan
ta’s car shed nuisance comes up, he is in doubt as to “the constitootionaiity
z of the matter. Americus has been trying for 2 veaxs to get a aew ataXixw. da»oL
THE PEOPLE’S PARTf PAPER: ATLANTA, GEORGIA; FRIDAY, AUGUST 12, 1898.
Central fought it and up to date no new depot has been built. Passengers’
rights are a joke you know.
And now the democrats are wondering where the decrease in tax values in
Georgia will stop. Reports to the Comptroller show a net decrease so far in
about 160 counties of over 2 million dollars. That means higher taxes again
next year boys. It was 2X mills in 1883 and it has crept up to 5M mills in 1897
and still a climbing. Looks like economy don’t it ? A careful estimate shows
the rate for 1899 will be 6M mills instead as Only 26 counties out of 100 re
ported an increase which amounts to little. All the strong democratic counties
showed a decrease in the returns. If democracy has helped us to double taxes
in 1898 where will she take us by 1800 ? Study up the records boys ?
Speaking of tax values and. the changes since 1883 when the total returns
reached 300 millions. I find in 1892 Georgia Was way up the ladder about 463
millions being the total of returns. Well, she has been dropping lively of late.
Last year returns reached 412 millions, a drop of a million from 1896 and 51
million less than that cf 1892. Think of it: Taxable values fell in 1897,51
million less than they were iu 1892. Well, 1898 will probably show another 2
million decline so that the drop will reach 53 millions by next January. You
can figure it out for yourself. If taxable values go down, a million dollars a
year, and official salaries and expenses are kept at the same standard or creep
up higher, you have got to keep increasing the tax rate to keep up with the
“endless chain” business. What are you going to do about it? Keep the same
set in who have bsen such economical ( ? ) managers as to double the rate on
you since 1883 ? You can change when you get ready and you know how.
Think of 463 in 1892 and 412 in 1897, a drop of 51 millions in 5 years or
10 millions a year. Some reason for this dropping—reason it out I
Wh&t’a a railroad commission for anyhow ? Last week the Georgia commis
sion ordered the Southern Express Company to stamp all receipts instead, of
making the shippers do so. Company kicks and will appeal—result: will get
out of the tax. Now you watch and see i Flem dußignon, gold bug chairman
of the Georgia Democratic campaign committee is attorney for express compa
ny. It will be “fixed” all right and the shippers will pay the tax. See if he
don’t. Express company claims that the tax would cost it $300,000 per year and
that it is too poor to pay it, hence the shipper must. Democratic chairman
can’t afford not to help out his client express company and of course the express
company will reciprocate in September and October. It’s all one gang boys,
you can’t throw a rock at one of them without hitting some relative.
Fulton county is a fine specimen of a democratic county. Pays the big
share of Georgia’s taxes (to hear one of these Fulton politicians, she pays it all)
Well, Atlanta is in Fulton. Has fine schools but they are too small. Crowds
of children must be turned off in September because of no room in the schools.
Nobody complains of that of course, but the parents and—well they are no
body. Fulton county commissioners ordered a new jail. Put to the people on
a vote and they voted it down. But that didn’t suit, the commissioners went
ahead and raised the tax rate and built that jail in direct opposition to the
people’s expressed will. That was democracy for you—the Atlanta brand.
Then they taxed the tax payers ail around extra to pay for the jail—and the
people will have to pay it. Fine jail, costs thousands and thousands and looks
like a castle. Great stone towers and massive stone front. Inside it is fitted
up elegantly with fine cells, bath rooms and hotel accommodations. Jailor’s
house next door is equal to a Peachtree residence. Furnished handsomely and
equal to a club house. Os course the jail wont be filled up at first but you see
we are preparing for the future. Expect to do a big jail business in the next
few years hence we build a big jail at a big expense. If it is empty half the
time that’s all right. Let the school children wait! Crowd up the present
school houses, poorly arranged, heated and ventilated, but keep up the jail in
fine style. First-class jail, second-class school house—that’s Democracy with a
vengeance. How about it in your county ? I know some others iu the same fix.
In his Atlanta speech June 4,’Kernel Candler said, “I never said I would
reduce the taxes of the people if I were elected governor. I was not fool
enough to say that. Taxes have been doubled since 1883. In 1883 it took 25
cents tax on each $lO9, in 1897, 62 cents. In 1883, it took two pounds of cotton
in 1897, it took twelve pounds.”
Ard Colonel Candler after taking a job under Atkinson when he had 4 years
to step seme of the “leaks” now wants another whack at the j jb— but this time
as governor. Colonel Candler doesn’t claim he ever stopped any leaks. He was
conveniently blind to all of them until Bob Berner and Spencer Atkinson con
tested his pre-empting the nomination. Then tho Colonel rared around and
wept crocodile tears over the poor farmer being taxed double in 1897 than what
he was in 1883. Oh yes, he would stop all the “leaks” and would gat the taxes
down to a fair rate. But when the ’Kernel was pinned down to the point by
Berner, he backed out and said “I didn’t say so.” As a first class straddler and
political acrobat the ’kernel takes the blue ribbon.
The Latest Scheme.
From Atlanta comes a strange story
It is to the effect that the governor
will call an extra session of the legis
lature to make an appropriation for a
commission to visit the Georgia camps
to get the soldiers’ votes, unless citi
zens will lend him the money required
for that purpose, which he promises
the legislature at its regular session
Nothing could show better than this,
how undemocratic the democratic par
ty is, and how the men who control
would sow the wind, for a temporary
little advantage, regardless cf the
whirlwind which is bound to grow out
of it sooner or later.
Os course, the governor expects the
soldiers to vote the Democratic ticket.
Nothing is said about this, aud the
inference is left to be drawn that the
governor is only concerned to see that
the soldiers lose none of their privileges
of citizenship by serving in the army.
But those who remember how Mr. At
kinson declared, on the stump in 1894
that he would prefer to see the state
visited by an epidemic of Asiatic chole
ra rather than that the Populists should
get control, will understand that he
counts on getting a solid party vote
out qf the soldiers.
In spite of their boasting that they
expect to carry the state by an increas
ed majority for the dear old party, the
governor and the demecratic campaign
managers must feel very shaky about
the result when they resort to such a
The state is bankrupt in treasury.
Already the governor has bean to Wall
street and borrowed money to pay
running expenses, and while the tax
rate has been increased, returns from
the various counties now being sent to
headquarters show a further heavy
slump in values. Facing such a condi
tion, is this the time to incur a heavy
expense not warranted by law, that it
may be made easy for a few men to
The registration and election laws
made no exceptions in favor of soldiers
Why should they be set aside then in
this instance ? The law s&ys that a
voter, in order to be qualified to vote,
must be registered, and it prescribes
certain limitations as to time of resi
dence in the county. Let the soldiers
register as other good and law abiding
citizens must do, and if there are legal
obstacles which stand in the way,
whether it be in consequence of having
enlisted or from other causes, let him
as a good citizen honor the law even
though it cause him to lose his vote.
But we desire to direct attention to
.wUnt aIJJoJa. ®xil, TJuwt Gar.
Atkinson should trample the law un
der his feet and put the state to a heavy
expense to get a few hundred, or thou
sand votes for his party is but a very
small part. We have become a military
nation now, and having to hold foreign
colonies we must keep large standing
armies. Just what our Governor is
proposing to do to help his party in the
state, the Republicans are figuring on
with the United States troops to for
ever retain them in power. Soldiers
shou’d not be allowed to vote at all. A
soldier is a mere machine taught to
obey orders, and on this account a most
undesirable voter, who in a large ma
jority of cases wou!d vote as directed
by his officers. How long would it
bo, after we make special provision by
law for soldiers to vote, before we
would have a military dictatorship ?
Free the soldiers from restrictions in
regard to voters which apply co other
citizens, and send a military commis
sion to the various camps to collect the
votes, and the army will elect our pres
idents and state officers, and the days
of military dictatorship will have be
It is to be hoped that Gov. Atkinson
will find no one to lend him the money
he wants for this purpose; and if he
should put the state to the extra ex
pense of a session of the legislature, it
is to be hep id that there is enough
Democracy left in that body to impeach
him for this crime, instead of voting
him money.—Augusta Tribune.
A Bad Disease.
The greatest enemy to progress is
prejudice. There are thousands of
good men who cannot see their duty on
account of this little word that so
dwarfs their minds they are blind to
every argument which appeals to the
reason and judgment.
Prejudice keeps them from investi
gating, it keeps them from reading re
form papers or hearing reform speak
ers. Prejudice is a terrible disease
with which to be afflicted, and while
easily diagnosed is difficult to care.
Are you one of its victims? —Jackson
You can’t be a reformer and remain
in either of the old parties. If every
man who honestly wants reform would
open his eyes to this truth and have
the nerve to act, the Populist party
would soon sweep the country and give
the people the legislation so badly
needed. —Jackson Economist,
We are told that Spain was weaken
ed by corruption and jobbery in her
government. It might be well for us
to take a lesson. Corruption and job
bery are not confined to Spain and
they are as disastrous in one country as
THAT LAST PLANK.
A Clean Statement of Direct Legisla
tion for Georgia.
What is meant by these terms and
what are the benefits to be derived
from their use.
What is meant by these terms? —It is
often the case that there are laws and
acts of the legislature that the people
do not approve and also, that there are
certain principles that the people de
sire to have put into law; but the law
making power refuse to comply with
the will of the people.
In either one of these cases if the
constitution of the state or nation was
so amended that the people could file a
petition of 20 per cent of the voters
with the government and that would
compel the calling of an election on
any question that the people desired a
vote taken on; the people would re
peal all bad laws, both state and na
tional and would prevent the putting
into operation of laws such principles
as would be beneficial to the masses
without the aid or hinderance of the
The getting up and filing of the peti
tion with the state or nation, is called
the initiative and the referring of the
questions to the people for a vote, is
called the referendum.
If you hire a man to work for you,
or if he does not do your work as you
want it done, you would be sure to dis
charge him at once.
We hire people or put them into
office by our votes; but we cannot dis
charge them. When in office they be
come our masters and not our servants.
We need the state and national consti
tutions amended so that a majority can
elect and a majority also, can discharge
from office. This is the Imperative
Mandate with us. We see these prin
ciples in operation in all Baptist
churches. If a church elects a man to
preach for them, and he does not suit
them, they will discharge him. Or, if
they elect deacon and he does not suit
them, or does not sustain a good moral
character, the church will use the Im
perative Mandate by taking the office
away from him and bestowing it on
another more worthy.
Benefit —If these principles were put
into operation, we would have much
better officers. The bribe taker and
giver’s business would be gone in city
council, state and national legislatures.
It would be useless to pay a city coun
cil, a state legislature or congress to
pass any measure if the people had the
power to vote it down. It would also
do away with the control of the people
by political leaders through political
p ejudice as now. To illustrate this,
take the income tax. If all the leaders
of all the political parties were to op
pose the income tax the people would
vote for it 19 out of 20. And again,
take the silver question, which has
been before the people for 35 years and
we are to-day further from a settle
ment of this question than when wo
commenced in 1873. By the Initiative
and Referendum, we could have set
tled this, or any other question in sixty
days. The stamp act was parsed June 1
13th, and on July Ist, just 17 days after
stamps were printed and sent to all
parts of the U. S , and the law put into
operation, which was far more trouble
than ordering an election, as all very
We would not have had this war on
us if the people could have voted on it.
Instead of spending $500,000,000 to mur
der and get cur people murdered, the
people would have voted to spend this
amount in creating wealth by building
some great national railroad or some
improvement by which the idle would
have been employed and the nation
w'ou’d have been made happy and pros
perous, instead of the sorrow, misery,
destruction of wealth and bloodshed
With these powers in the hands of
the people it would be next to impos
sible to have a war and especially a
civil war. The rights and liberties of
the people would be protected, and
peace, happiness, joy, pleasure and
contentment would be the abode of
every home in this land. We would
lead the world in civilization, wealth
and morality, and our religion would
be changed from a system of strife,
covetousness and competition, to one of
love on earth, peace and good will
toward men; in which our sympathies
would know no bounds.
These conditions would be brought
about by the people voting outof exist
ence all combines, trusts and monopo
lies, that rob and oppress the people.
Our battle cry should be relief to the
oppressed the world over and to lift up
the race and bind them together in
love, our religion. What a noble work.
Who would not be a follower of such
elevating and ehristlike principles. I
thank God I am in this move and re
joice to know that we shall be able to
leave even to our enemies and their
children such a rich inheritance that
cannot be taken from them.
If the millenial reign of Christ is to
be brought about by man, or if man is
to have anything to do with it, the use
of the initiative, referendum and im
perative mandate will be part, if not
all the means necessary to bring about
the reign of peace on earth. But those
working at, and advocating these meas
ures have but a faint glimpse of the
real possibilities in store for the people
when our work ia completed.
Thia is the form of government that
was given to the first Christians by the
apostles except a community of goods,
and remained in operation among
Christians for over one hundred years
after the destruction of Jerusalem, and
was prohibited then by the enemies of
the race, and is opposed by the same
We are battling to restore to the
more than 20,000.000 of white slaves of
America their rights and liberties and
put into their hands the initiative,
referendum and imperative mandate,
a protection that no people ever had.
When this is done, their liberty will be
so strongly rooted and firmly fixed,
and watchfully guarded, that no set of
tyrants will ever bo able to disturb it.
Then we fold our banrers of reform
and wait our departure without any
fear of the oppressors hand ever being
laid on our children. Coming genera
tions will delight to do us honor and
sing cur praises, not as heroes who
have slain thousands, but as benefac
tors of the race. I appeal to you in
the name of humanity and in the name
of the 4,000 000 tramps and in the name
of the 20,000 000 of helpless men, rag.
ged and destitute women and striving
children, to come and help us lift up
and protect the oppressed people The
election of People’s Party candidates tc
the legislature will insure for Georgia
an amendment to the state constitution
giving the people this system. Will
you not support such a movement ?
8. J. McKnigiit.
Dalton, Ga., Aug. 3rd. 1898.
Sweep Your Own Yard.
Efforts are being made in democratic
quarters to make capital of the facl
that two negroes were delegates to the
Populist nominating convention. It is
in keeping with democratic methods tc
resort to such devices to get office but
in this they will fail. These negroes
are true and tried Populists, as are ma
ny others m the country of their race
and democratic money and I‘quor cun
not buy them and accounts for all this
cry about their being delegates to the
populist convention. While the demo
crats are bellowing over the county
about this matter we will call their at
tention to the record of their party or
the negro question.
During Mr. Cleveland’s two terms o*.
office as president of the United State;
he appointed many negroes to office
and during his last administration his
most notorious negro appointment was
that of C. H. J. Taylor, a former Atlan"
ta negro, to the office of Recorder
of Deeds for the District of
Columbia. This is a very important
and lucrative office and in the cilice at
the time of this appointment were em
ployed a number of white girls and
they were compelled to either work
under Mr. Cleveland’s negro appointee
or give up their positions and most of
them were poor girls and dependent
on their positions for a livelihood. Why
don’t the democratic party tell you
about that ? We know this story i«
not going to be relished by the bosses,
but it is a fact as cold as a wedge. The
appointment of Taylor, who appears tc
have been a life-long democrat, to some
position may have been a necessity, but
it was not incumbent on Mr. Cleveland
the democratic president to give him
an office where so many white girls
were employed. Do you think so‘i
Again, during Mr. Cleveland’s first ad
ministration he invited Fred Douglass
and his wife to his receptions at the
White House and Mrs. Cleveland, then
a bride of only a few months was fore
ed to entertain the wife of a negro,
while Grover and Fred ch Cted i:
social equality prevailed throughout
the land. Fred Douglas was a negre
of massive intellect and good charactei
and barring the color line there was
no reason why he should not have beer
invited into Mr. Cleveland’s parlor.
Again, some of the democratic politi
ticians of the state endorsed 11. I. Los
ton for the office of post master at Ho
gansville. They promised him theii
support for this position two years ag(
for his help in electing Gov. Atkinson.
The bosses helped the negro get th<
job and then had him shot because he
got it. Populist.
Register. Roys, Kegiser!
Are you a Populist? If not one, are
you an old time democrat sick and tired
of the present “ring rule?” Or are
you a republican nationally and in
state issues independent ?
Do you know you can do no good for
the reform cause unless you are regis
tered, so you can vote in October? Do
you know that you can do the most
good for the cause by seeing to it that
every man who believes as you do ia
also registered. Don’t wait a day but
get your name on the list in time so
they can’t throw out your vote and
while you are about it, watch that reg
istration list and if you find a single
name illegally registered, show it up
and get it off now. Don’t wait until
election day 1 Now is the time to purge
the registration list and get it true and
See your democratic ordinary or judge
who appoints managers. Have your
chairmen furnish him with a list of
Populists from which to appoint Popu
list managers. See to it that you are
given an equal number of managers
and an equal number of clerks The
law says you are entitled to an Kquan
represetaticn in registrars. Public
sentiment demands you should have
equal representation in managers
and clerks. See to it that you get
your rights. Don’t wait until election
day but act in advance and have the
matter settled beyond a hitch.
Reform press please copy.
Here is Frankness.
One candidate has been found whe
has han the honesty and manhood tc
give a reason for his candidacy. It is
indeed refreshing to find a man who
will boldly and publicly tell the people
why he wants the office and leave it to
them to decide the matter. The an
nouncement is interesting and is as
To the Citizens of Oconee County :
I hereby announce myself an inde
pendent candidate for the office of Re
ceiver of Tax Returns of Oconee coun
ty in the election to be held in October
next. Having been Receiver, lam fa
miliar with the duties of the office, and
if elected I shall endeavor to do my
duty faithfully. I have no money
sueud or whieuey to give
t’ic p.ace :o • the inouey