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The Forsyth County news. (Cumming, Ga.) 19??-current, June 22, 1917, Image 3

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The Average CheinSea! Compo sition of the Principal Soil Typos of Georgia L. M. Carter, Junior Professor Soil Chemistry, Ga. Col. Of Agriculture In the progress of the soil survey work tor the past five years, the De partment of Chemistry has made many analyses of the principal types of soil characteristic cf the various sections of the stale. The average of these analyses represent the chemical com position, that is, the plant food con tent, of the predominant soil types' found in the state. The analyses show a wide difference in the plant fool content of the soils of the different sections of the state as well as strik ing differences between the various types in the same seclions. The following table gives the total pounds of plant food found in the principal types of the various regions as analyzed in the chemical laboratory of the State College of Agriculture, based on a depth of approximately 21 inches. ; Limestone | | | required Soil Regions. [ Phosphoric J jto correct | Nitrogen j Acid | Potash |' acidity Limestone Valleys, \ Northwest Georgia. . . 3107 2776 58548 57£ Appalachian Mountains, Northeast Georgia . . . 1652 2917 65164 1553 Piedmont Plateau, Middle Georgia .... 2500 3133 60557 1352 I Coastal Plain, South Georgia 2049 2176 19415 2022 Average for soils of State of Georgia. . . . 2327 2750 51754 2678 Speaking in mo. t general terms, a rich soil should contain about 5,000 pounds of nit 0 ) o, li : of phosphoric acid and 50,000 cr more pounds of potash per acre. Of course the productivity of any soil will also Corn For Early Forage By John R. Fain, Prof, cf Agronomy, Gecrgia State College of Agr. With a large per cent of the on 1 crop Sailed by the freezes, the problem of an early fora ■ i < n p I ecoi ant. Corn is as promi. ing as at yv* have both for grain and forage. Sons of the early varieties like Ada:: s Early mature in 90 to 100 day or Hickory- King in 115 I 120. The yields of then will net boas large as th; yields of our Hiealtk About Gone , i Many thousands iA women suffering from womanly trouble, have been benefited by the use of Cardui, the woman’s tonic, according to letters we receive, similar to this one from Mrs. Z. V.Speil, of Hayne, N. C. “I could not stand on my feet, and just suffered terribly,” she says. “As my suf ■ feriiig was so great, and he had tried other reme dies, Dr. had us get Cardui. . . I began improving, and it cured me. 1 know, and my doctor knows, what Car dui did for me, for my nerves and health were about gone.” TAKE The Womans Tonic She writes further: *‘ I am in splendid health ... can do my work. 1 feel I owe it to Cardui, for I was in dreadful condition.” If you are nervous, run down and weak, or suffer from headache, backache, etc., every month, try Cardui. Thousands of women praise this medi cine for the good it has done them, and many physicians who have Used Cardui successfully with their women palienfs, for years, endorse this medi cine, Think what it means to be in splendid health, like Mrs. Sped. Give Cardui a trial. AH Druggists J 72 Cynical Man Wrote Tills. It Is a mistake to 'imagine that all women are fcr.d of retailing gossip. fMost of them would rather wholesale it—Exchange. depend very largely on other fictorr than ihe plant food content. Drainage, physical and mechanical condition, or ganic matter and th roughness and depth of tillage will all have much to do with the soil’s ability to give up ite plant food to crops. Undoubt edly, too, die mineral fonns in which the plant food elements occur will greatly influence their availability. Ks pecially is this true of the potash and phosphoric acid. Experiments seem to indicate that the soils of the Lime stone Valleys and those of the Coastal Plain give up their potash more readily than do the soils of the Piedmont P!a step.u and the Appalachian Mountains. It will be readily seen that nitrogen is deficient in all soils of the state excepting some cf the bottom lands. Increasing the nitrogen content is of first importance in any system of soil building. Phosphoric acid is also gen erally deficient. With a few excel 1 tiens, the soils of north and middle Georgia .are well supplied with potash though the poor physical and mechan 1 ical CMiditi(.n>sf the soil retards the processes that bring it into availabil ity. In the marine soils of the Coastal r 1 plain, potash is uniformly low, and -hould be a constituent of al! fertiliz ers when it can be had at a reason able price., The need of potash will be more keenly felt the longer the present potash famine continues. standard prolific corns but a small area'might well be devoted to them for early grain. Corn sown "broadcast at the rate of a bushel per acre will produce forage more quickly than almost any other cwp. It grows off much faster than Sorghum and will be ready for use earlier. After it is cut the land can go into cowpeas for hay provided ar. early variety of corn has been used and early planting practiced. In thi way the shortage of feedstuff's in th. Soting can be largely averted. ;Victrola j Jli -\j iMr ...h'i ] £ ; V: i \ irzr, i / v-fMI ' -~ssj A'- • ‘ j "' ||* Mis shoJvj here j Entertainment Inspiration Education 3 . As for entcrtaimr.ciu, the Victrola c.!vvaye provides just what you ’ choose. A? for inspiration, thee is nor a f;rea { cr t!.an music in the home, c.A the Viet re/a”. the music cf all the world. As for education, J j faniuiari Ly with tl.c £reat artists of music is of great value, arc! the Victrola is the instrument cf the > greatest artists. i| Victrolaa SIS to S4GC. Easy terms ! P. GS.M-fSTfS fURKI II'RE COMPANY /V&.-qjLy\ j GAINESVILLE, GA. 1 ® The Gumming Garage has a heavy stock of the best makes of automobile tires. Save mon ey by buying your tires now be fore anther advance in prices, which we believe is due in a few days. —Free Air. ....We have just installed a free air station for the convenience and accomodation of the auto mobile public. All auto owners whether customers of ours or not are invited to make use of it—save your back and your pump by usim: free air at the Cumming Garage. The Division. Three Germans had b'-en doing odd Job of repairing and agreed ti split the pay evenly. They receiver S4, and, after several unsuccessful ef. forts of two of them to hit upon thf correct division of the tynount tht third settled the hisinesn transact iot thus: “Here iss it, two for you two and here iss it, two for me, too. Aln’i U 7” —Philadelphia Public Ledger. Suggestive Planting Table For Gardeners Andrew M. Soule, President Georgia State College of Agriculture. The following table Indicates in' a general way the time to plant some of the most important crops adapted to Georgia. It is anticipated that many of these crops will be lantcd in two weeks interval: so a to afford a succession of vey-l abler until killing frost occurs in Xovcm er: Sweet Potatoes -Planted until July 1. Harvest at frost and store. Recommend central storage plants. I 'fish Potatoes— Planted from June 15 to August 1. Pall crop, store. Irish Cobbler, Green and lookout Moun'ain. ; Onions— Sets may be planted until May 15. Pall crop, siore. Sow 1 seed in October for next summer. leans — Planted from April to July 15, for dried beans, and until Au gust 15 for green beans. Peas — >• Planted until June 15. Grown for dried product only. Use edible varieties. Turnips and Plant rutabagas in Rutabagas— July and turnips in August 'and Septem ber. Cabbage— In the mountains seed planted in April will head in late summer. For stor age plant seed in June and set into field in July and Au gust. Collards— Plant from June to September. Pumpkins— Plant the seed in April or veiy early in May. • Winter Squash—Plant the seed in April or early May. Tomatoes — Sow seeds to June -15 and set plants to J if: y 15. \ Okra— Plant in April and His Homo Cardan T. H. McHattan, Prof, of Horticulture, - State College of Agriculture. Never before in the histoiy of this country has the home garden been of more vital importance to the wel fare of the nation than at rhis per .icular tmte. This is not the time io plow up the home garden and plant it in cotton. The farmers With the large home garden should be able to produce sufficient supplies for the family for the whole year. Where the garden is large, enough Irish potatoes and sweet potatoes should be made for the winter use. The ever-present Georgia collat'd should be on hand in great abundance .this year; cabbages should be a prom inent fall crop; turnips also should he in the fall garden, if one has riot planted carrots in the spring, carlo's should be planted in the late summer or early fall for winter use. I:i most sections of Georgia salsify or oyster plant planted now or later in the sum mer will remain in ground and can be used all along. The abund ance of tomatoes and string beans, and other vegetables that demand warm weather , for their maturity should be put into cans. There is not a woman in Georgia who should not try to put up and can all of the vegeta bles of various kinds that she expects to use on her table during the fall, winter and early spring months. Any woman who overlooks ttiis at this tinYe cannot be considered a patriot. Canned goods of all kinds are going to be extremely high this year, even if the war is over. It Is a man’s place about the home (o see that enough stuff is raised so that the good woman will ha ve it to can. The home garden ; going to be the most valuable small piece of ground on the farm, and any one who neglects it this season is cap able of “selling his birthright for a mass of pottage.” - Fall Irish Potatoes T. H. McHatton, Professor of Horti culture, State Coilege of Agri. The farmers of northern Georgia should lay their plans to put in a large crop of fall Irish potatoes. If transportation is tied up this fall and winter, it will not be possible for us to call on Maine and the other pota to producing states for our supplies. They will have to he produced nt home, ine North Georgia farmer can make a good fall Irish potato crop; and if the farmers of 'his section will give this matter due consideration, we should be able to produce In our mountain sections enough potatoes to carry Georgia through until the spring crop comes in from the south ern portion of the state. This is the time to show to the rest of the country what the mountain soils of North Georgia can do. VM Parrot's Reason. Why do parrots stay in the tropical forests Instead 'of migrating north ward like the robins? Undoubtedly because they realize that they are not good in pics —as some b rtmrtans rve robins.—St. Iy.uii Globe Demo tiilk. The Storing Of Sweet Potatoes T. y. McHatttcn, Professor Of Horti cu'ture, State College of Agri. * Ono of Ihe greatest problems that will confront the nation this year will be the storage of crops after they are produced. It Is. an easy ma ter for the Georgia farmer to grow sweet potatoes. It is'a very common crop and one that is grown extensively throughout Hie stale. The prolixin of holding this crop over for winter uso is a vital question at this tune. Storing in hills and pits is not very practicable. We cannot off and lo this year the potatoes ti: n final ly rot under such conditii The most approved method of sweet potato storing is to halve;- the crop as soon as it is mature, to thoroughly grade the potatoes, throwing out all the bruised, injured or rotting one.-. These may be immediately used either on the table or fed to hogs, if they are not fit for table use. The good pota toes should then be carried to a stor age house. This storage house should be made with dead air space in Hie walls and with a double roof. The potatoes are carried into this house and put on trays or bins in the sides of the house. A stove is in the cen ter of the sweet potato room and the temperature is brought to front 9a to 160 degrees, where it is held for a week or 10 days until the potatoes have gone through sw a... After tliis the fire is a'lowed to-go oat and the temperature is kept between 50 and CO degrees. This may necessi tate a fire being built tv the stove from time to time during fit-' winter. I,t may be rather early for this in formation to he given out, ijut now is the time for the Georgia farmer to think about the conservation of nis food supplies' throughi the winter. The sweet potato house should be built before the crop is harvested. How fa Save Onions T. H. McHatton, ProfSsscr Of Horti culture, State College of Agri. The great trouble that the G or gia farmer has with onions is hold' ing them through the winter. The fol lowing methods of handling a.e rec ommended in order to save the onion crop. The usual practice is not to harvest onions until the tops arc thoroughly dead. This, under our coudi dons, is a mistake. As soon as the first few inches of the t p bo, hi; to yellow and die (lie pnions should be either plowed out vith ,i :•>. ail onc-borso plow, or on; should go through the field with Gpolaco h ok or tine hoe and pull ea ;h onion < v r on its side. In this wa r tlie top'dies down and dries out w theut making a point of entry for \\ aier into the onions- where - tlie t< and bend; and splits just above the i* b. .--.Her the top has di§|| a id d,-h • < ■ iou has pretty well dried Svfii should be removed from (ho field and spread in a well ventilated, airy place. Here the curing is complete! . After this the tops may be removed and the onions put in racks of crates in a storage room where they may be pro tected from freezing. If the Georgia farmer can sit*e tbo onion crop this year, even the small crop of home burden, it will menu a great deal of food for use this winter. Increasing The Oil Content Of Cotton Seed By Selection * L. E. Ra'st, Jr. Prof, of Agronomy, Ga. State College of Agriculture. Asa result of four years’ work In the Cotton Industry Laboratory of the Georgia State College of Agriculture, it was found that the oil content of cotton seed is an inherent character istic of the variety and that the per centage o? oil in Hi" eed of any va riety can be increased by a lection with no corre ponding loss of olhor desirable quali ies. There arc sight variations from year to year depend ing upon the season, but these environ mental factors influence ail 'arieiies alike, and the seed of varieties that were high in oil content the first year have remained so during subsequent seasons, in a general way, ihe varie ties with the highest proportion of moats to hulls produce the moat oil; but there is no positive correlation be tween percentage of meats and oil contem sincp the percentage of oil in the meat varie with the variely. The difference between the seed of the highest and lowest oil yielding va rieties for the il:: i yeai s was 10.4 gal- lons per ton. This moans that by growing the superior sorts and elim inating the inferior ones the aver age value of cott'm seed could be in creased $.1.00 to $lO.OO per ton. Our experiments have clearly shown that there is no decrease in yield of lint, cotton as the cil con tent in Ihe seed is increased; but on the, other hand, the strains showing the greatest oil content in the seed are the highest, yieldors of lint tot ton per acre. Thus in addition to high oil content, it apems the seed can be made more valuable by reason of ihe high yield of l ot. With an annual crush of ) ton . of sc and in G< or gia. attention to this line of work v ill result in the addition of at least ?8,- 000,000 a rear to the agricultural in come of our slate. Practical. "Oh, father," said the young enthusiastically, “we suffragettes no eager to sweep th< count! “Humph!" replied her parent, look ing at her ever lis M > '.e-les, "t a suppose you r!art year share of it in our parlor and timing rou.i.!” THE BUSINESS MAN’S “BIT” Andrew M. Soule, President Georgia State College of Agriculture. The business man is, and has al ways been, an important and construc tive factor in tlie life of the commun ity. Never before in tlie hi-lory of the South is he destined to play so essentially a loa.lin., part,'provided lie rises to the opportunity and discharges the duties, responsibilities’ and obli gations resting upon him as a citizen and patriot. First, he should take a prominent part in the solution of the situation now confronting us; to insure tin* farmer a market. He must also un dertake tiie financing of diversified production, since the change to diver sification of crops means the purch; sc of new and varied implements, in creased applications of fertilizers, and credit for life purchase of seeds and machinery. Hitherto credit, lias been ha ;ed upon cotton production to the exclusion of diversified crops. There must be a modification of rent notes and rent contracts; not that the cul tivation of cotton should he eliminated or unduly restricted, but that addition al channels of cn di Valid he pt.ivfil ed and varied cron production pro moted and stimulated. Second, it is the part of the business man to provide the necessary ma chinery, such as f ed mills,' corn grind ers and store-houses for the preserv ing of potatoes an I oilier perishable crops. At present there i ; every fa eility for warehousing cotton, hut n > means for holding and marketing foo l crops. Whenever business men will provide the proper facilities, diversi fication of crops will proceed by leaps and bounds. Third, tlie business man must per form the duty of food assembler. The problem of food distribution cannot lie left to the individual fanner, since his production of a certain crop is often so small as lo preclude the possibility of marketing at a profit. On the other hand, business men are ah! • to a sembic the crops in small-amounts and provide for general distribution, since liioy have the economy of large shipments. This work is patriotic and should also lie profitable. Mon Grading Site! The Department cf Agriculture lmt established grades for the yd ow tinged ami stain* <1 cottons, as well : ■for the white and blue type ;. Corn* p'ct--> sets of those standard are cn display at tlie College of Agriculture, and will be used iff connection with the Cotton Grading School, July 2 to August 4. Announcement upon re quest. Vocational Training In Agriculture With hie passage of the SMITH HUGHES hill providing for federal aid in the establishment of vocational schools in llie various states, the “trades school” movement in the Unit ed States will receive a great impe tus. in Georgia alone hundreds of teachers in agriculture will be requir ed, for the near future will see voca tional training offered in tin sch<#l of every county. Now is tlie lime for teachers to prepare for the work. The summer term at the College of Agriculture open July 2. Announce ment upon application. Ser Short Courses In Agriculture As an outgrow' h of the boys’ and girls" club wortT in Georgia, there has been developed at the College of Agri culture special short courses for club winners and for any others who care to attend. Expanses are very low n et a splendid opportunity Is given the boys and girls to gain specialized ;piri eultural knowledge. For the boys there is instruction in soils and f rtil izers, seed selection, rotation of crops, growing live stock, dairying, farm ma chinery, poultry, orchard management and gardening; for the girls, instruc tion in home economics, cooking, sew ing, canning, home gardening, home sanitation and home nursing. The en rollment for 1918 was 287; thir. year it should exceed 400. A circular descrip tive of the work may be had free upon application to the College of Agricul turo. Sava t!3 Pullet W. 8- Dilts, Prof, of Poultry Husb., 6a. State College of Agri. So many people, who grow chickens in Georgia, sell or eat the pullets (young females) as friers that Georgia never makes large increases in the number of chickens kept on the farm. It is of utmost importance that only th cockerels he used this spring for fry ing chickens and all the pullets be kept for laying n“xt winter. The South will have n* ed for all the c -l; that she can produce. Killing a pu’lc< now means that you are cutting your fond supply next year from 50 to 150 eggs for each pull'd killed. Kill the young cockerels, but save tin early hatched pullets. Why Ha Needed a Week. Clerk—“l’d like to get a week off, air, *to attend the wedding of a friend." Employer—" Avery dear friend, I should say, to make you want that'much time.” Clerk —“Well, sir, after the ceremony she will b* my wife.” —Boston Transcript, For Lagrippe Coughs, Use Foley’s Honey and 1. ar For Many Years the Stan dare Family Cough Medicine for Old and Young It’s quick in fiction, just n few doses help. If stops the htvul-spliftiiv: s , rack ing cough that tears ut jrnr chest and lunga end teems to ihty your thn. :t. ,?n-. *j , A -r. . - - •• “Oh.f'r t\ Lottie of 1 OLEY'S "!! V ,J TAP. to stop this awful cj. .. • ® : tf-to7op-o/r p a Fine Meal i What could be better than a hi/! A N]\i? cup (° r tw °) of & l > od - old 1 ]£■' d'- "‘ ) Luzianne? The aroma will tickle ~ [ your nose; the taste will tickle your palate; the price will please f'i |/i***T your purse; and all will live hap \[ J 7 S*~ pily ever after. Luzianne tastes J U'cßedvTuvfiirO all the way down. If it doesn't “"OKTCRsonoA-.nio taste better and go twice as far as any other coffee at the price, The Luzianne Guarantee: go get your money back. NOW if after using the contents —get .a can of Luzianne and makeitdowhatwesay. Dothat cer will refund your money. Ask for profit-sharing Catalog. QIZIA MMEcoffee The Roily-Taylor Company, New Orleans Give Courteous Attention - When Telephoning Concentration and courteous attention given to a telephone-eon- * versation is a mark of respect that will be appreciated. Frequent interruptions and re quests to repeat mar the pleasure of the talk. Concentrate on what is be % ing said and talk with a smile. , Courtesy is like oil to machinery— the lack of it will cause friction and friction in telephone talking is a thing to he avoided. II hen you Telephone Smile SOUTHERN BELL TELEPHONE /f/£% AND TEI GRAPH COMPANY \)j Vj, J. E. PUETT, MANAGER. w §nad(3s® lira toran 1 Every Housewife or ,- j a Mother is ever under Wj, that Nervous Strains which so often results T uf in Headaches, Dizzy /• Sensations, Faintness, Depression and other !/ Nervous Disorders. StLf t S j Dr. Mites* laijly run down. t-j FIVU’ T F t:. 1 ■ T TJ'WrW* iv U. V Al 4 kv I 1 If; , !, urjc v—t V ' ••• - aid jis Highly Recommended . I . „ , ~ ; / .' ’ v.. .n- : i. i > - in L -:ca Gate3. -.4.t>. • * - j , .ii it. M -s' Norvina i IF nrtrr bottle fails to ;■ • v 'l | BENEFIT, YOUR KONEV WILL I '■ s' V. , ■ : • - .•, .!*!•• • -”*y, ■ LIE REFUNDED. i . —±_. It hoc! thr inf)rimed mucous lining of your throat and bronchial tubes. For till coughs, colds, croup, whooping ! l-roiK ?* j >, ticklin'* throat and , lor children an 1 for grown p -ona, use 1 oLF.y’s Honey and Tar C mpound. 25c, f>oc and SI.OO sizes. R rui what a uy* r mivs: K. C .Col lins, c: p jstmncter, Burned at, New Jersey '- ,i **i '.-i.i v’s Honey ~J Tar soon j stopped (ho • re 1. i, pc cough that j completely c* hauled me. It can’t be beat.” &:f • and reliable. Rcmeinbr r the I name, I <>: i:y’s Honey and T-r Cou.- ] pound, and accept no subttstute.