ATURDAY, June 2, 1787.
GEORGIA STATE GAZETTE
1 ■ • •
FREE DO M. of the PRESS, and TRIAL by JUR Y, to remain inviolate forever. Conjlitution of Georgia.
AUGUSTA: Printed by JOHN E. SMITH, Printer to the State-, Effayst, Art,dee of Intelligence,
Advertisements , 6rf. will be gratefully received , and every kind of Printing performed,
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®CHIEF JUSTICE’S CHARGE to the Grand Jury
I in Richmond county, at March Term last.
| Gentlemen of the Grand Jury ,
YOU are now convened to exercise a power,
without the intervention of which, the penal
■ laws of the Rate cannot have an efficient opeiation
glin this county. It is your duty t > prelent, as far
las comes to your knowledge, offendersagainft the
I! laws of every denomination ; a neglect in this par-
I ticular makes void the law. Its terror, and there
■ fore its belt use, is no more : It is the sentiment
If of an ingenious writer, « That crimes are more
| effectually presented by the certainty, than by the
| | leverity of punilhment.”
Virtue in the citizens is the foundation on which
I a republican government muff rest; destroy that
i foundation, and the fait fabric of freedom mu ft
I fall. It is therefore your indispensable duty, to
■ difeourage every species of vice. Gaming tends
|j more to corrupt the morals of a people, than any
H other in the black catalogue ; it renders men felf
■ ifli, dilhoneft, and dishonorable; a gamester, a
!| friend to no man, is a bitter enemy to himfelf.
Tipling houses, and unlicensed taverns, are not
ll only a public nuisance, but aftually deprive the
I ftate*of a considerable revenue; to prevent such
jpl evil pra&ices, and to encreafe the public funds,
|| is matter worthy your ferioas attention.
The necefiity of a speedy and punftual payment
■of taxes into the public trealnry encreafes daily.
■ Your vicinity to the feat of government, has ren
|Bdered information so easy, that any further com
■tnent on this head would be ufeieis. The tax law
■cf this year will be laid before you, and I have no
■doubt, but it will meet every facility necessary on
'' Our constitution from experience has been found
■defective, in coulequence of which, an alteration
■ias been unanimoully recommended by the Legif
s Mature ; of so a measure
■will tend greatly to promote it.
The prolperous and improved state of your coun
ty academy must afford the most pleating sensations
■o every friend of science, morality or govern-
Mment; but as that inflitution is only calculated to
■prepare and fit the acarien.ian for the umverlity,
flwe ought to exert every power to carry so illu
■Jlrious a design into full effeft.
Richmond , Marshi*?, 1787.
■The P R E S E N 1 MEN TS of the Grand Jurors
for the County of Richmond.
WE the Grand Jury for the county of Rich
mond on our oaths present:
I The Justices of 4he Peace for not support
ing the laws in general better than they have been
since the revolution, and efpeciaily in not using
greater exertions to suppress tipling houses, gam
bling, profane swearing, and drunkenness, and
are furry to observe that many of them fall into
those vices, which their duty compels them to
punilh in others.
Second. That no legal mode is at present adopt
ed to effedually compel the citizens of this Rate to
fend aflißanee to repair the public roads, which is
a great injury to the community.
Third. Thai the unhuman pradicepf duelling,
so much in falhion at present, is not prevtpted,
which we conceive is highly repugnant to the Laws
of God, and every civilized country; mar tend to
deprive this Rate of many of her valuable citizens,
cramps that sociability that ought to fubfiß in
friendly society, and gives a fandion to indivi
duals to dispose of their lives which God and our
country only have a right to claim.
Fourth. That no equitable mode is at present
adopted by the Legislature for the recovery of
Rrays, the old Toll Ad we conceive to be of little
moie advantage to the owner than absolute rob
bery, and the taker-up is not benefited thereby.
Fifth. That the great lenity of the present
Law againß horse and cattle thieves induced bad
men to commit offences of that kind, to the great
injury of the good citizens: We therefore recom
mend to the next Legislature, that all persons con
vided of dealing horfea or cattle, fuffer death for
the firfl offence, unlcfs recommended to mercy.
Sixth. That John Ihgerfoll fuffers gambling in
his house, and retails spirituous liquors above the
rates allowed by law.
Seventh. That William Thompson and Benja
min Townsend retails spirituous liquors above the
rates allowed by law.
Eighth. That Abia Clay retails spirituous li
quors above the rates allowed by law, and keeps a
Ninth. We recommend that the alterations in
the conflitution proposed by the Honorable the
Legislature be carried into effed by the people.
Tenth. We recommend to the Honorable the
Legislature, that all the paper money that may
come into the public treafnry over and above the
sum neceflary to pay the expences of the late ex
pedition againß the Creek Indians, and to answer
the immediate exigencies of government, be de
Eleventh. We express our disapprobation of
the rigid mode adopted by the late Legislature, in
calling John Appling, Esq. to account for his con
dud as Quarter-Maßer-General of this Rate, and
are sorry to observe that the Prefemments of the
lad Grand Jury of this county acaiuft that honor*
able body, for fitting on the Sabbath on public bit*
' finefs, had not the desired cffeft.
twelfth. We recommend the following per*
sons as Receivers ui Taxable Property for the pre*
sent year, viz.
For Capt. Harris’s company, Zephaniah Beal, Esq.
Capt. Pearre’s, John < obb, Esq.
Capt. Pool’s, Wm. Fr email, Esq.
Capt. Savage’s, . James Stallings, Esq.
Capt. Ellis’s, Charles Crawford, Esq.
•Capt. Lampkin’s, John Shackleford, Esq.
Capt. Allison’s, Henry Allison, Esq.
Capt. Cartledge’s, Edm. Cartledge, Esq.
Capt. Ayres’s, Jsrmcs Hamilton, Esq.
Capt. Shields’s, Ignatius Few, Esq.
Capt. Beckain s, Benjamin Few, Esq.
Capt. Allen’s, . Gideon Allen, Esq.
Capt. Bonner’s, Rhcfa Howard Esq,
Capt. Lawson’s, John Lawson, Esq.
And lafly> We return our thanks to his Honor
the Chief Justice for his excellent charge to us at
the opening of the prcfent term, and rcqucft that
his charge together with ourprefentments and re
commendations be published in the State Gazette.
Wm. FREEMAN, Foreman*
THOMAS GREER, jim.
SAMUE 1 WILLSON,
RANDAL RAMSEY, jun.
(Copy) DANIEL ELAM, A. C. C.
March 30, 1787.
Ordered , That the Grand Jury’s Recommenda
tions of persons to receive the reMirns of taxable
property in the refpe(tive diftricls be, and the fame
is hereby confirmed.
! * That the Attorney General turn such of the prc«
fN T o. XXXVI.I